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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923111/evaluation-of-a-pilot-school-based-physical-activity-challenge-for-primary-students
#1
E Passmore, C Donato-Hunt, L Maher, R Havrlant, K Hennessey, A Milat, L Farrell
Issue addressed: Physical inactivity and sedentary behaviour among children are growing public health concerns. The Culture Health Communities Activity Challenge (hereafter known as the Challenge) is a school-based pedometer program in which classes compete to achieve the highest class average daily steps in an 8-week period. The Challenge aims to encourage physical activity in primary school students, with a focus on engaging Aboriginal students. The program was piloted in 15 classes in New South Wales in 2014...
December 2, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923091/association-between-learning-environment-interventions-and-medical-student-well-being-a-systematic-review
#2
Lauren T Wasson, Amberle Cusmano, Laura Meli, Irene Louh, Louise Falzon, Meghan Hampsey, Geoffrey Young, Jonathan Shaffer, Karina W Davidson
Importance: Concerns exist about the current quality of undergraduate medical education and its effect on students' well-being. Objective: To identify best practices for undergraduate medical education learning environment interventions that are associated with improved emotional well-being of students. Data Sources: Learning environment interventions were identified by searching the biomedical electronic databases Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and ERIC from database inception dates to October 2016...
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923088/prevalence-of-depression-depressive-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation-among-medical-students-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Lisa S Rotenstein, Marco A Ramos, Matthew Torre, J Bradley Segal, Michael J Peluso, Constance Guille, Srijan Sen, Douglas A Mata
Importance: Medical students are at high risk for depression and suicidal ideation. However, the prevalence estimates of these disorders vary between studies. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, and suicidal ideation in medical students. Data Sources and Study Selection: Systematic search of EMBASE, ERIC, MEDLINE, psycARTICLES, and psycINFO without language restriction for studies on the prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, or suicidal ideation in medical students published before September 17, 2016...
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922272/diversity-of-indoor-fungi-as-revealed-by-dna-metabarcoding
#4
Helena Korpelainen, Maria Pietiläinen
In the present study, we conducted DNA metabarcoding (the nuclear ITS2 region) for indoor fungal samples originating from two nursery schools with a suspected mould problem (sampling before and after renovation), from two university buildings, and from an old farmhouse. Good-quality sequences were obtained, and the results showed that DNA metabarcoding provides high resolution in fungal identification. The pooled proportions of sequences representing filamentous ascomycetes, filamentous basidiomycetes, yeasts, and other fungi equalled 62...
September 14, 2016: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922222/delving-into-the-details-implementing-multitiered-k-3-reading-supports-in-high-priority-schools
#5
Michael D Coyne, Ashley Oldham, Kaitlin Leonard, Darci Burns, Nicholas Gage
Although there is widespread agreement about the practices associated with multitiered systems of support (MTSS) frameworks in beginning reading, we often underestimate the systems and infrastructure that schools need to implement and sustain these practices. The real work of developing these systems often happens in the detailed-oriented and often messy world of schedules, routines, meetings, and materials. The purpose of this article is to describe a K-3 reading initiative where school teams serving high percentages of students at risk for reading difficulties "delved into the details" to work to overcome the complexities inherent in implementing multitiered reading supports in high priority schools...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922220/implementation-of-a-text-based-content-intervention-in-secondary-social-studies-classes
#6
Jeanne Wanzek, Sharon Vaughn
We describe teacher fidelity (adherence to the components of the treatment as specified by the research team) based on a series of studies of a multicomponent intervention, Promoting Acceleration of Comprehension and Content Through Text (PACT), with middle and high school social studies teachers and their students. Findings reveal that even with highly specified materials and implementing practices that are aligned with effective reading comprehension and content instruction, teachers' fidelity was consistently low for some components and high for others...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922219/introduction-to-the-special-issue-challenges-and-solutions-to-implementing-effective-reading-intervention-in-schools
#7
Barbara Foorman
This special issue focuses on challenges and solutions to implementing effective reading intervention in schools in the United States. Researchers often develop interventions that prove effective in efficacy studies but then show no impact when implemented at scale in public school settings. The authors of the intervention studies presented here describe a number of common implementation problems stemming from research in primary grades, middle grades, and high schools. Solutions to these implementation problems include establishing researcher-practitioner partnerships to address the systems-level challenges, suggestions for how to obtain buy-in from teachers, and recommendations for reforming preservice and in-service teacher education...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921200/testing-an-integrated-model-of-program-implementation-the-food-health-choices-school-based-childhood-obesity-prevention-intervention-process-evaluation
#8
Marissa Burgermaster, Heewon Lee Gray, Elizabeth Tipton, Isobel Contento, Pamela Koch
Childhood obesity is a complex, worldwide problem. Significant resources are invested in its prevention, and high-quality evaluations of these efforts are important. Conducting trials in school settings is complicated, making process evaluations useful for explaining results. Intervention fidelity has been demonstrated to influence outcomes, but others have suggested that other aspects of implementation, including participant responsiveness, should be examined more systematically. During Food, Health & Choices (FHC), a school-based childhood obesity prevention trial designed to test a curriculum and wellness policy taught by trained FHC instructors to fifth grade students in 20 schools during 2012-2013, we assessed relationships among facilitator behaviors (i...
December 5, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920942/exploring-the-relationship-between-health-insurance-social-connectedness-and-subjective-social-status-among-residents-of-o-ahu
#9
Lisa M Thompson, Kate A Murray, Sarah Jarvis, Ellen Scarr
Relative position in a social hierarchy, or subjective social status, has been associated with indicators of socioeconomic status and may be influenced by social connectedness. The primary purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between health insurance status and subjective social status, using the MacArthur Scale of Subjective Social Status (SSS, community version), in the state of Hawai'i with its highly insured population. The secondary purpose is to examine other social determinants that influence social status, including social connectedness...
November 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920619/the-swiss-master-in-chiropractic-medicine-curriculum-preparing-graduates-to-work-together-with-medicine-to-improve-patient-care
#10
B Kim Humphreys, Cynthia K Peterson
OBJECTIVE: In 2007, chiropractic became 1 of the 5 medical professions in Switzerland. This required a new chiropractic program that was fully integrated within a Swiss medical school. The purpose of this article was to discuss the Master in Chiropractic Medicine (MChiroMed) program at the University of Zürich, including advantages, opportunities, and challenges. DISCUSSION: In 2008, the MChiroMed program began with its first student cohort. The MChiroMed program is a 6-year Bologna model 2-cycle (bachelor and master) "spiral curriculum," with the first 4 years being fully integrated within the medical curriculum...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920412/leptin-and-calorie-intake-among-different-nicotine-dependent-groups
#11
Muhammad Zulhusni Suhaimi, Zulkefli Sanip, Hamid Jan Jan, Harmy Mohamed Yusoff
BACKGROUND: Exposure to nicotine via tobacco smoking may influence leptin release and decrease food intake among smokers. However, the effect of nicotine exposure on leptin and food intake among different nicotine dependent groups is unclear. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to measure leptin and calorie intake among different nicotine dependent groups. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Research department in school of medical sciences...
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920269/same-care-different-populations-return-to-learn-practices-following-concussion-in-primary-and-secondary-schools
#12
Laura S Blackwell, Anna F Robinson, Mark R Proctor, Alex M Taylor
The authors conducted a cross-sectional survey of Massachusetts school nurses examining return-to-learn practices for children recovering from concussion in prekindergarten through high school. Regardless of school setting, all students received academic accommodations to support learning during recovery. School nurses perceived less benefit to prolonged cognitive rest (>4 days) for high school students relative to students in elementary school, but provided academic accommodations to them for comparatively longer periods of time (10-14 days vs 6-10 days)...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920068/sedentary-behavior-during-school-recess-in-southern-brazil
#13
João Paulo de Aguiar Greca, Diego Augusto Santos Silva
The aim of this study was to assess sedentary behavior during school recess in Brazilian boys and girls. The study included 455 students (233 boys and 222 girls), aged 8 to 17 years, enrolled in a public school in the city of Londrina, Brazil. All data was collected using questionnaires. Logistic regression with odds ratio and confidence interval (95%) was used to measure the relationship between sedentary behavior and sex, age, weight, screen time, and economic status. There was a high prevalence (40.7%) of sedentary behavior in this sample, with girls (aged 8 to 17 years) more likely than boys (54...
December 5, 2016: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919261/caf%C3%A3-a-multicomponent-audit-and-feedback-intervention-to-improve-implementation-of-healthy-food-policy-in-primary-school-canteens-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Sze Lin Yoong, Nicole Nathan, Luke Wolfenden, John Wiggers, Kathryn Reilly, Christopher Oldmeadow, Rebecca Wyse, Rachel Sutherland, Tessa Delaney, Peter Butler, Lisa Janssen, Sarah Preece, Christopher M Williams
BACKGROUND: The implementation of nutrition policies in schools has been recommended as a strategy to improve child dietary intake. Internationally, research suggests that the majority of schools do not implement these policies. In New South Wales (NSW), Australia, the NSW Healthy School Canteen Policy requires that school canteens prohibit the sale of 'red' foods (i.e. foods that are typically nutrient poor and high in energy, such as confectionary and deep-fried foods) and 'banned'drinks (i...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919242/reducing-child-abuse-amongst-adolescents-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-pre-post-trial-in-south-africa
#15
Lucie Cluver, Franziska Meinck, Alexa Yakubovich, Jenny Doubt, Alice Redfern, Catherine Ward, Nasteha Salah, Sachin De Stone, Tshiamo Petersen, Phelisa Mpimpilashe, Rocio Herrero Romero, Lulu Ncobo, Jamie Lachman, Sibongile Tsoanyane, Yulia Shenderovich, Heidi Loening, Jasmina Byrne, Lorraine Sherr, Lauren Kaplan, Frances Gardner
BACKGROUND: No known studies have tested the effectiveness of child abuse prevention programmes for adolescents in low- or middle-income countries. 'Parenting for Lifelong Health' ( http://tiny.cc/whoPLH ) is a collaborative project to develop and rigorously test abuse-prevention parenting programmes for free use in low-resource contexts. Research aims of this first pre-post trial in South Africa were: i) to identify indicative effects of the programme on child abuse and related outcomes; ii) to investigate programme safety for testing in a future randomised trial, and iii) to identify potential adaptations...
July 13, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919233/sexual-health-questions-included-in-the-health-behaviour-in-school-aged-children-hbsc-study-an-international-methodological-pilot-investigation
#16
Honor Young, András Költő, Marta Reis, Elizabeth M Saewyc, Nathalie Moreau, Lorraine Burke, Alina Cosma, Béat Windlin, Saoirse Nic Gabhainn, Emmanuelle Godeau
BACKGROUND: This paper describes the methodological developments of the sexual health items included in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study since their mandatory inclusion in the study in 2002. The current methodological, ethical and pedagogical challenges in measuring young people's sexual health behaviours are discussed along with the issues associated with the sexual health items introduced to the HBSC study in 2002. The development and piloting of new cross-national items for use in the 2013/14 HBSC data collection are presented and discussed...
December 5, 2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919150/-cardiovascular-diseases-and-cancer-incidence-in-general-population-results-from-matiss-cohort
#17
Simona Carmen Ursu, Fabio Pannozzo, Luigi Palmieri, Annarita Vestri, Cinzia Lo Noce, Simona Giampaoli
OBJECTIVES: to assess the incidence of fatal and non-fatal major cardiovascular diseases and cancers in people with different cardiovascular risk profile of a longitudinal cohort. DESIGN: longitudinal study carried out in a large sample of general population, with a median follow-up of 17.7 years. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: MATISS longitudinal cohort, 7,491 men and women aged 20-75 years, free of cancer or cardiovascular diseases at baseline...
November 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918861/to-study-to-party-or-both-assessing-risk-factors-for-non-prescribed-stimulant-use-among-middle-and-high-school-students
#18
Kenneth S León, Daniel E Martínez
This study examines the risk factors predicting non-prescribed stimulant use (NPSU) among adolescents, with an emphasis on whether such factors are reflective of instrumental (e.g., studying) and/or recreational (e.g., partying) drug consumption settings. Using data from Monitoring the Future (2011), we employed a series of logistic regression models to establish predictors of 12-month self-reported Adderall or Ritalin use without a doctor's note among eighth and tenth graders. Whereas studies of college students have found NPSU to correlate with instrumental motives and productivity-related demands, we find no association between NPSU and indicators of academic strain for this younger sample...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918697/psychosocial-and-friend-influences-on-objective-sedentary-behavior-and-screen-time-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#19
Jeanette M Garcia, Alen Agaronov, John R Sirard, Diane Whaley, David J Rice, Arthur Weltman
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior (SB) increases throughout adolescence, and is associated with adverse health outcomes. PURPOSE: Examine psychosocial and friend influences on SB and screen time in adolescents using a mixed-methods design. METHODS: 108 middle and high school students wore accelerometers to measure objective SB, completed screen time and psychosocial questionnaires, and nominated friends to complete activity questionnaires. Focus groups centered around influences on SB behavior...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918197/educational-inequalities-in-mortality-of-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-in-norway
#20
Rupali Akerkar, Marta Ebbing, Gerhard Sulo, Inger Ariansen, Jannicke Igland, Grethe S Tell, Grace M Egeland
OBJECTIVES: Socioeconomic gradients provide an indication of mortality's preventable fraction. Given the high mortality associated with atrial fibrillation (AF), we explored the educational gradient in all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in an AF patient population. DESIGN: We prospectively followed patients hospitalized with AF as primary discharge diagnosis. Patients were identified in a nationwide Cardiovascular Disease in Norway 2008-2012 project. The average length of follow-up was 2...
December 5, 2016: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
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