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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724121/converting-bystanders-to-immediate-responders-we-need-to-start-in-high-school-or-before
#1
Adil H Haider, Elliott R Haut, George C Velmahos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724015/anti-bullying-interventions-in-schools-a-systematic-literature-review
#2
Jorge Luiz da Silva, Wanderlei Abadio de Oliveira, Flávia Carvalho Malta de Mello, Luciane Sá de Andrade, Marina Rezende Bazon, Marta Angélica Iossi Silva
This paper presents a systematic literature review addressing rigorously planned and assessed interventions intended to reduce school bullying. The search for papers was performed in four databases (Lilacs, Psycinfo, Scielo and Web of Science) and guided by the question: What are the interventions used to reduce bullying in schools? Only case-control studies specifically focusing on school bullying without a time frame were included. The methodological quality of investigations was assessed using the SIGN checklist...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723909/reliability-convergent-validity-and-factor-structure-of-the-dass-21-in-a-sample-of-vietnamese-adolescents
#3
Minh Thi Hong Le, Thach Duc Tran, Sara Holton, Huong Thanh Nguyen, Rory Wolfe, Jane Fisher
OBJECTIVES: To assess the internal consistency, latent structure and convergent validity of the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) among adolescents in Vietnam. METHOD: An anonymous, self-completed questionnaire was conducted among 1,745 high school students in Hanoi, Vietnam between October, 2013 and January, 2014. Confirmatory factor analyses were performed to assess the latent structure of the DASS-21. Factorial invariance between girls and boys was examined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723853/high-frequency-ultrasound-description-of-sacral-tissue-characteristics-in-healthy-adults
#4
Ruth S Burk, Christine M Schubert, Anathea Pepperl, Mary Jo Grap
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe selected sacral tissue characteristics in a convenience sample of healthy volunteer subjects. DESIGN: Descriptive. SAMPLE AND SETTING: Fifty healthy volunteers in a clinical learning center in a school of nursing. METHODS: Sacral scans were obtained using a 20-MHz ultrasound scanning system in 3 positions: prone and 60° and 90° side-lying from the back. The images were analyzed by software in the ultrasound program using quantitative parameters of dermal thickness and density (dermal median intensity and derived number of low-echogenic pixels to total pixels [LEP:TP] ratio)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723822/biomechanical-differences-in-female-basketball-and-soccer-players-during-multi-directional-jump-landings
#5
Jeffrey B Taylor, Kevin R Ford, Randy J Schmitz, Scott E Ross, Terry A Ackerman, Sandra J Shultz
Anterior cruciate ligament injury prevention programs are less successful in basketball than soccer and may be due to distinct movement strategies that these athletes develop from sport-specific training. The purpose of this study was to identify biomechanical differences between female basketball and soccer players during multi-directional jump landings. Lower extremity biomechanics of eighty-nine female athletes who played competitive basketball (n=40) or soccer (n=49) at the middle- or high-school level were analyzed with three-dimensional motion analysis during a drop vertical jump (DVJ), double- (SAG-DL) and single-leg forward jump (SAG-SL), and double- (FRONT-DL) and single-leg (FRONT-SL) lateral jump...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723691/high-cost-of-hospitalization-for-colonic-diverticular-bleeding-depended-on-repeated-bleeding-and-blood-transfusion-analysis-with-diagnosis-procedure-combination-data-in-japan
#6
Yoichiro Ito, Yasuhisa Sakata, Hisako Yoshida, Sayuri Nonaka, Susumu Fujii, Yuichiro Tanaka, Shimpei Shirai, Eri Takeshita, Takashi Akutagawa, Hiroharu Kawakubo, Koji Yamamoto, Nanae Tsuruoka, Ryo Shimoda, Ryuichi Iwakiri, Kazuma Fujimoto
BACKGROUND: Bleeding from a colonic diverticulum is serious in aged patients. The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors for high-cost hospitalization of colonic diverticular bleeding using the diagnosis procedure combination (DPC) data. METHODS: From January 2009 to December 2015, 78 patients with colonic diverticular bleeding were identified by DPC data in Saga Medical School Hospital. All patients underwent colonic endoscopy within 3 days. The patients were divided into 2 groups: the low-cost group (DPC cost of <500,000 yen) and the high-cost group (DPC cost of >500,000 yen)...
July 20, 2017: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723310/sense-of-belonging-and-youth-suicidal-behaviors-what-do-communities-and-schools-have-to-do-with-it
#7
Katarzyna Olcoń, Yeonwoo Kim, Lauren E Gulbas
Situating Thomas Joiner's concept of belonging within an ecological perspective, this study examined the associations between school and community belonging and suicidal ideation and attempts among high school students. The study used data from the 2013 Texas Youth Risk Behavior Survey (N = 2,560). Results demonstrated that community belonging reduced the odds of youth suicidal behaviors. School bullying, feeling unsafe at school, and being threatened or injured at a school increased the odds of suicidal behaviors...
July 19, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722640/the-role-of-risk-proximity-in-the-beliefs-and-behaviors-related-to-mosquito-borne-diseases-the-case-of-chikungunya-in-french-guiana
#8
Claude Flamand, Camille Fritzell, Pauline Obale, Philippe Quenel, Jocelyn Raude
Human behaviors are increasingly recognized to play a key role in the spread of infectious diseases. Although a set of social and cognitive determinants has been consistently found to affect the adoption of health protective behaviors aiming to control and prevent a variety of infections, little is currently known about the ecological drivers of these behaviors in epidemic settings. In this article, we took advantage of the outbreak of chikungunya, a reemerging mosquito-borne disease, that occurred in French Guiana in 2014-15 to test empirically the assumption proposed by Zielinski-Gutierrez and Hayden that the proximity of the disease and perceptions of the natural environment may considerably shape public response to an emerging health threat...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722468/evaluating-the-recovery-curve-for-clinically-assessed-reaction-time-after-concussion
#9
Gianluca Del Rossi
CONTEXT:   A change in reaction time is one of various clinical measures of neurocognitive function that can be monitored after concussion and has been reported to be among the most sensitive indicators of cognitive impairment. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the timeline for clinically assessed simple reaction time to return to baseline after a concussion in high school athletes. DESIGN:   Observational study. SETTING:   Athletic training room...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722152/pilot-of-the-boost-a%C3%A2-an-online-transition-planning-program-for-adolescents-with-autism
#10
Megan Hatfield, Nina Murray, Marina Ciccarelli, Torbjörn Falkmer, Marita Falkmer
BACKGROUND: Many adolescents with autism face difficulties with the transition from high school into post-school activities. The Better OutcOmes & Successful Transitions for Autism (BOOST-A™) is an online transition planning program which supports adolescents on the autism spectrum to prepare for leaving school. This study describes the development of the BOOST-A™ and aimed to determine the feasibility and viability of the program. METHODS: Two pilot studies were conducted...
July 19, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721987/evaluation-of-occlusal-groove-patterns-of-mandibular-first-and-second-molars-in-an-indian-population-a-forensic-anthropological-study
#11
Rashmi Gs Phulari, Rajendrasinh Rathore, Mili D Takvani, Shivani Jain
BACKGROUND: The study of dental morphological characteristics is important in anthropological research as it can provide information on the phylogenetic relationship between species, as well as variations and diversities within a population. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of six types of mandibular second molars in Gujarat state and the results can be used in both forensic anthropological researches and clinical aspects of dental sciences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive investigation was undertaken among 1000 students (13-25 years old) in high schools and dental institutes of Gujarat state...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721957/nutritional-status-of-mid-day-meal-programme-beneficiaries-a-cross-sectional-study-among-primary-schoolchildren-in-kottayam-district-kerala-india
#12
Rajeev Jayalakshmi, Vinoda Thulaseedharan Jissa
BACKGROUND: The efficiency of Mid-Day Meal (MDM) Programme in India to ensure the optimum nutritional status of its beneficiaries is rarely studied. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the nutritional status of 6-10-year-old schoolchildren who were the beneficiaries of MDM and the child-related factors affecting their nutritional status. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among 322 children from 12 randomly selected primary schools in one block panchayat of Kerala state...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720015/sexual-violence-by-juveniles-in-institutions-a-descriptive-study-on-prevalence-and-circumstances
#13
Marc Allroggen, Jeannine Ohlert, Thea Rau, Jörg M Fegert
Adolescents in institutionalized care are at a particularly high risk of exhibiting sexually aggressive behavior including sexual harassment. So far, however, studies about the prevalence of sexually aggressive behavior in institutions are lacking. In this survey, 322 adolescents (43% female, average age 16.7 years) from 32 residential care facilities and boarding schools across Germany were asked about sexually aggressive behavior via a standardized questionnaire. Overall, 23.5% of the participants engaged in some form of sexually aggressive behavior in their lives, and 4...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719788/asthma-control-and-care-among-malaysian-primary-school-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Azainorsuzila Ahad, Ee Ming Khoo
Children with uncontrolled asthma have high risk of poor health outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess asthma control and care in primary school children with reported asthma. A total of 6441 primary school children were first screened for parent-reported physician-diagnosed asthma and 448 (8.9%) children were reported to have asthma. Of these, 311 (69.4%) parents agreed to participate in assessment of asthma control study using Global Initiative for Asthma 2009 guidelines. Only 161 (51.8%) children were found to have good asthma control, 99 (31...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719642/infections-with-schistosoma-mansoni-and-geohelminths-among-school-children-dwelling-along-the-shore-of-the-lake-hawassa-southern-ethiopia
#15
Bamlaku Tadege, Techalew Shimelis
BACKGROUND: Infections with Schistosoma mansoni and soil-transmitted helminthes (STHs) are major public health problems in Ethiopia. However, information was scarce on the current status of these infections to guide an intervention in the study area. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess the prevalence of infections with S. mansoni and STHs and associated factors among school children in southern Ethiopia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study investigated children who were attending the Finchawa and Tullo junior elementary schools and were residing along the shore of the lake Hawassa in January and February, 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719626/impact-of-respiratory-infections-outdoor-pollen-and-socioeconomic-status-on-associations-between-air-pollutants-and-pediatric-asthma-hospital-admissions
#16
Julie E Goodman, Christine T Loftus, Xiaobin Liu, Ke Zu
BACKGROUND: Epidemiology studies have shown that ambient concentrations of ozone and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) are associated with increased emergency department (ED) visits and hospital admissions (HAs) for asthma. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the impact of outdoor pollen, respiratory infections, and socioeconomic status (SES) on the associations between ambient ozone and PM2.5 and asthma HAs in New York City. METHODS: Daily ozone, PM2.5, meteorological factors, pollen, and hospitalization records during 1999 to 2009 were obtained for New York City residents...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719565/burnout-in-orthopaedic-surgeons-a-challenge-for-leaders-learners-and-colleagues-aoa-critical-issues
#17
S Elizabeth Ames, James B Cowan, Keith Kenter, Sanford Emery, David Halsey
Burnout, depression, suicidal ideation, and dissatisfaction with work-life balance have been reported in all medical specialties and at all stages of medical education and practice experience. Burnout consists of progressive emotional, attitudinal, and physical exhaustion. Physicians with burnout may treat patients as objects and feel emotionally depleted. Burnout is characterized by a loss of enthusiasm for work (emotional exhaustion), feelings of cynicism (depersonalization), and a low sense of personal accomplishment...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719549/long-term-follow-up-of-neonatal-brachial-plexopathy-psychological-and-physical-function-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#18
Lesley Butler, Janith Mills, Heather M Richard, Russell Riddle, Marybeth Ezaki, Scott Oishi
PURPOSE: The prevalence of neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP) has been increasing since the early 1980s. No known studies have examined long-term psychological health and quality of life (QOL) in young adults. The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychosocial and intellectual aspects of NBPP during adolescence into young adulthood. METHODS: A total of 31 patients were enrolled in the adolescent group (16 to 18 y) and 25 in the young adult group (23 to 28 y)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719366/a-web-based-anger-management-program-for-parent-female-adolescents-conflicts-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Shahrzad Yektatalab, Seddigheh Khodadadi, Marzieh Moattari, Fakhrozaman Naeemi Hosseiny, Najaf Zare
Objective This cluster randomized control trial was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of a web-based anger management program for mother-female adolescents' conflicts. Methods Eight out of 23 high-schools in District Two of Shiraz, Iran were chosen using random cluster sampling and randomly assigned to an intervention and a control group (each group consisted of four schools). The conflict tactics scale was filled out by all eligible third grade high school students in both groups and 140 students who had the scores higher than 30 were randomly selected; 70 adolescents in the intervention group participated in an 8 week intervention, while 70 adolescents in the control group did not undergo any intervention...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719364/is-there-a-link-between-self-perceived-stress-and-physical-activity-levels-in-scottish-adolescents
#20
Joe Cowley, John Kiely, Dave Collins
Purpose Accumulating life stress is a driving factor underlying the most pervasive, incapacitating health conditions in 21st century, First World societies. The most widely supported strategy, for remediating the negative health consequences of elevated life stress, is physical activity (PA). Evidence also suggests accumulating life stress impedes PA uptake. Thus, ironically, persistently elevated life stress not only negatively impacts multiple dimensions of health, simultaneously it may also reduce likelihood of participation in the most effective remediating strategy, PA...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
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