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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775979/-the-open-retromuscular-preperitoneal-mesh-repair-of-the-incisional-lateral-hernia-technique-and-results-of-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Friedrich-Eckart Isemer, Ulrich Dietz, Maximilian Ackermann
INTRODUCTION: Surgical approaches to flank hernias have been poorly standardised. The most demanding issues in intermuscular net insertion are the limited area in the dorsal direction and the difficulties in fixing the net to the costal arch or the iliac crest. This is why many different surgical procedures have been published. PATIENTS/MATERIAL AND METHODS: From August 2015 to October 2016, nine patients with a primary incisional lateral hernia received open retromuscular preperitoneal mesh repair...
May 18, 2018: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775872/adolescents-motives-for-selling-sex-in-a-welfare-state-a-swedish-national-study
#2
Cecilia Fredlund, Örjan Dahlström, Carl Göran Svedin, Marie Wadsby, Linda S Jonsson, Gisela Priebe
In addition to money or other compensation, other motives for selling sex may be important in a welfare country such as Sweden. The aim of this study was to carry out an exploratory investigation of adolescents' motives for selling sex in a population-based survey in Sweden. A total of 5839 adolescents from the third year of Swedish high school, mean age 18.0 years, participated in the study. The response rate was 59.7% and 51 students (0.9%) reported having sold sex. Exploratory factor analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis were used to identify groups of adolescents according to underlying motives for selling sex...
May 15, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774358/successful-ageing-in-singapore-prevalence-and-correlates-from-a-national-survey-of-older-adults
#3
Mythily Subramaniam, Edimansyah Abdin, Janhavi A Vaingankar, Rajeswari Sambasivam, Esmond Seow, Louisa Picco, Hong Choon Chua, Rathi Mahendran, Li Ling Ng, Siow Ann Chong
INTRODUCTION: The current study aimed to estimate the overall prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of successful ageing, as defined by Rowe and Kahn, among a national sample of multiethnic adults aged 60 years and older in Singapore. METHODS: Data from older adults who participated in the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly study were analysed in the present study. Successful ageing included five indicators: no major diseases; no disability; high cognitive functioning; high physical functioning; and active engagement with life...
May 18, 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774289/high-prevalence-of-intestinal-worms-in-children-up-to-5-years-of-age-in-huaphan-province-lao-people-s-democratic-republic-pdr
#4
Naphavanh Nanthavong, Antony P Black, Phonepadith Khattignavong, Lavy Lorphachan, Keooudomphone Vilivong, Sylvie Goossens, Yves Buisson, Fabrice Quet, Claude P Muller, Satoshi Nakamura
Background: The prevalence of soil-transmitted helminth infection is high in Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR), reaching 62% among school-children. However, this prevalence presents wide regional variations, due to differences in healthcare access and environmental factors. Curiously, there are few studies on helminth infections in pre-school children - an age group targeted by the national de-worming campaign. Therefore, a preliminary study was conducted in a remote region of Huaphan Province, North Laos, to determine the prevalence of helminth infections in pre-school children...
August 2017: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773205/the-role-of-pre-sleep-cognitions-in-adolescent-sleep-onset-problems
#5
Melanie Heath, Anna Johnston, Hayley Dohnt, Michelle Short, Michael Gradisar
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between pre-sleep cognitions and sleep-onset difficulties in an adolescent sample. METHODS: Participants comprised 385 students (59% male) from grades 9 to 11, aged between 13 and 18 years (M = 15.6, SD = 1.0), from eight co-educational high schools of varied socio-economic status in metropolitan Adelaide, South Australia. The cross-sectional study used a questionnaire battery including the Sleep Anticipatory Anxiety Questionnaire -Adolescent Version (SAAQ-A), completed during school time, followed by eight days of sleep diary completion and wearing wrist actigraphy to obtain subjective and objective sleep onset latency (SOL)...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773096/acceptance-of-chemo-prophylaxis-for-latent-tuberculosis-infection-among-high-school-college-student-contacts-of-tuberculosis-patients-in-shanghai-china
#6
Yang Li, Yi Hui Zheng, Li Ping Lu, Mei Xia Yang, Chang Ming Zhou, Zheng An Yuan, Yi Hu, Biao Xu
Student contacts of tuberculosis (TB) cases are susceptible to latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI), and chemo-prophylaxis can reduce the risk of active TB among them. This study aimed to assess the acceptance of chemo-prophylaxis for LTBI among students, and their concerns regarding TB and its preventive treatment. A total of 560 students contacts were included in the investigation. The extent of contact was categorized from high to low (4 levels) with 12.9% of the students being close contacts. About 87.0% of the students were willing to receive chemo-prophylaxis if diagnosed with, LTBI, whereas 73 students declined...
April 2018: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772425/an-innovative-expression-model-of-human-health-risk-based-on-the-quantitative-analysis-of-soil-metals-sources-contribution-in-different-spatial-scales
#7
Yimei Zhang, Shuai Li, Fei Wang, Zhuang Chen, Jie Chen, Liqun Wang
Toxicity of heavy metals from industrialization poses critical concern, and analysis of sources associated with potential human health risks is of unique significance. Assessing human health risk of pollution sources (factored health risk) concurrently in the whole and the sub region can provide more instructive information to protect specific potential victims. In this research, we establish a new expression model of human health risk based on quantitative analysis of sources contribution in different spatial scales...
April 30, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771990/parental-involvement-could-mitigate-the-effects-of-physical-activity-and-dietary-habits-on-mental-distress-in-ghanaian-youth
#8
Franklin N Glozah, Kwaku Oppong Asante, Nuworza Kugbey
INTRODUCTION: Parental involvement in physical activity and dietary habits have been found to play a substantial role in the mental health of young people. However, there is little evidence about the associations between parental involvement, health behaviours and mental health among Ghanaian youth. This study sought to examine the role of parental involvement in the association between physical activity, dietary habits and mental health among Ghanaian youth. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2012 Ghana Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771976/skin-disease-prevalence-study-in-schoolchildren-in-rural-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-implications-for-integration-of-neglected-skin-diseases-skin-ntds
#9
Rie Roselyne Yotsu, Kouamé Kouadio, Bamba Vagamon, Konan N'guessan, Amari Jules Akpa, Aubin Yao, Julien Aké, Rigobert Abbet Abbet, Barbine Tchamba Agbor Agbor, Roger Bedimo, Norihisa Ishii, L Claire Fuller, Roderick Hay, Oriol Mitjà, Henning Drechsler, Kingsley Asiedu
BACKGROUND: Early detection of several skin-related neglected tropical diseases (skin NTDs)-including leprosy, Buruli ulcer, yaws, and scabies- may be achieved through school surveys, but such an approach has seldom been tested systematically on a large scale in endemic countries. Additionally, a better understanding of the spectrum of skin diseases and the at-risk populations to be encountered during such surveys is necessary to facilitate the process. METHODS: We performed a school skin survey for selected NTDs and the spectrum of skin diseases, among primary schoolchildren aged 5 to 15 in Côte d'Ivoire, West Africa...
May 17, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771952/analysis-of-multi-level-spatial-data-reveals-strong-synchrony-in-seasonal-influenza-epidemics-across-norway-sweden-and-denmark
#10
Sinead E Morris, Birgitte Freiesleben de Blasio, Cécile Viboud, Amy Wesolowski, Ottar N Bjørnstad, Bryan T Grenfell
Population structure, spatial diffusion, and climatic conditions mediate the spatiotemporal spread of seasonal influenza in temperate regions. However, much of our knowledge of these dynamics stems from a few well-studied countries, such as the United States (US), and the extent to which this applies in different demographic and climatic environments is not fully understood. Using novel data from Norway, Sweden, and Denmark, we applied wavelet analysis and non-parametric spatial statistics to explore the spatiotemporal dynamics of influenza transmission at regional and international scales...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771817/high-value-cost-conscious-communication-skills-in-undergraduate-medical-education-validity-evidence-for-scores-derived-from-two-standardized-patient-scenarios
#11
Neena Natt, Stephanie R Starr, Darcy A Reed, Yoon Soo Park, Liselotte N Dyrbye, Andrea N Leep Hunderfund
INTRODUCTION: Training in high-value, cost-conscious care (HVCCC) is increasingly being incorporated into medical school curricula, but students may have limited opportunities to engage patients in HVCCC conversations. The aim of this study was to develop two standardized patient scenarios with associated checklists, hypothesizing that resulting scores would allow for valid formative assessments of HVCCC communication skills. METHODS: Scenarios were designed to generate a less-is-more conversation (in response to a patient requesting an unnecessary test) and a shared decision-making conversation (in response to a patient choosing between multiple effective treatment options)...
May 15, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771615/risk-and-protective-factors-for-intimate-partner-violence-against-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-prospective-longitudinal-studies
#12
Alexa R Yakubovich, Heidi Stöckl, Joseph Murray, G J Melendez-Torres, Janina I Steinert, Calla E Y Glavin, David K Humphreys
BACKGROUND: The estimated lifetime prevalence of physical or sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) is 30% among women worldwide. Understanding risk and protective factors is essential for designing effective prevention strategies. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the associations between prospective-longitudinal risk and protective factors and IPV and identify evidence gaps. SEARCH METHODS: We conducted systematic searches in 16 databases including MEDLINE and PsycINFO from inception to June 2016...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771612/state-indoor-tanning-laws-and-prevalence-of-indoor-tanning-among-us-high-school-students-2009-2015
#13
Jin Qin, Dawn M Holman, Sherry Everett Jones, Zahava Berkowitz, Gery P Guy
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between state indoor tanning laws and indoor tanning behavior using nationally representative samples of US high school students younger than 18 years. METHODS: We combined data from the 2009, 2011, 2013, and 2015 national Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (n = 41 313) to analyze the association between 2 types of state indoor tanning laws (age restriction and parental permission) and the prevalence of indoor tanning during the 12 months before the survey, adjusting for age, race/ethnicity, and survey year, and stratified by gender...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771548/boricua-de-pura-cepa-ethnic-identity-cultural-stress-and-self-concept-in-puerto-rican-youth
#14
Jenny Zhen-Duan, Farrah Jacquez, Emily Sáez-Santiago
OBJECTIVES: The available literature on ethnic identity among Puerto Ricans has focused on those living in the United States, with little to no attention placed on examining ethnic identity and psychological constructs among youth living in Puerto Rico. Using a colonial mentality framework, the current study examined the associations between ethnic identity, cultural stress, and self-concept among adolescent boys and girls living in Puerto Rico. METHOD: The current cross-sectional study surveyed participants (N = 187) recruited from several junior high schools in the metropolitan area in Puerto Rico...
May 17, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771390/children-learning-about-second-hand-smoke-class-ii-a-pilot-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Kamran Siddiqi, Rumana Huque, Mona Kanaan, Farid Ahmed, Tarana Ferdous, Sarwat Shah, Cath Jackson, Steve Parrott, Jasjit S Ahluwalia, Aziz Sheikh
Introduction: Children exposed to second-hand smoke (SHS) are at increased risk of respiratory illnesses. We piloted a Smoke Free Intervention (SFI) and trial methods before investigating its effectiveness and cost-effectiveness in primary school children. Methods: In a pilot cluster randomised controlled-trial in Bangladesh, primary schools were allocated to usual education (control) or SFI, using minimisation. Year-5 children were recruited. Masking treatment allocation was not possible...
May 16, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771333/multiple-comorbid-conditions-sleep-quality-and-duration-and-academic-performance-in-urban-children-with-asthma
#16
Katharine C Reynolds, Julie Boergers, Sheryl J Kopel, Daphne Koinis-Mitchell
Objective: Common comorbid medical conditions including allergic rhinitis (AR), obesity, and sleep disordered breathing (SDB) have been linked with asthma exacerbations; however, these conditions also impact sleep and academic functioning. The current study sought to examine unique and combined associations of these common comorbidities on sleep and academic performance among urban minority children with persistent asthma. We expected additional comorbid diagnoses would be associated with poorer sleep and academic functioning...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771138/rate-of-upper-extremity-injury-in-high-school-baseball-pitchers-who-played-catcher-as-a-secondary-position
#17
Elizabeth E Hibberd, Sakiko Oyama, Joseph B Myers
CONTEXT:   Many high school pitchers play another position after they have finished pitching for the day or on their rest days from pitching. Because of the cumulative demands on the arm, pitchers who also play catcher may have a greater risk of developing a throwing-related shoulder or elbow injury. OBJECTIVE:   To compare the rate of throwing-related upper extremity injuries between high school baseball pitchers who also played catcher as a secondary position and those who did not play catcher...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770761/low-birth-weight-is-associated-with-increased-fat-intake-in-school-aged-boys
#18
Adrianne R Bischoff, André K Portella, Catherine Paquet, Roberta Dalle Molle, Aida Faber, Narendra Arora, Robert D Levitan, Patrícia P Silveira, Laurette Dube
Evidence suggests that both high and low birth weight children have increased the risk for obesity and the metabolic syndrome in adulthood. Previously we have found altered feeding behaviour and food preferences in pre-school children and adults born with low birth weight. In this study, we investigated if birth weight was associated with different intake of fat, carbohydrate and/or protein at 6-12 years of age. This is a cross-sectional study where 255 guardians answered online and telephone questions including anthropometrics and demographic data, parental family food rules (food control, encouragement and restriction) and a complete web-based FFQ for their children (130 boys and 125 girls)...
June 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770726/extended-family-households-among-children-in-the-united-states-differences-by-race-ethnicity-and-socio-economic-status
#19
Christina J Cross
This study uses nationally representative longitudinal data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, to examine the prevalence and predictors of extended family households among children in the United States and to explore variation by race/ethnicity and socio-economic status (SES). Findings suggest that extended family households are a common living arrangement for children, with 35 per cent of youth experiencing this family structure before age 18. Racial/ethnic and SES differences are substantial: 57 per cent of Black and 35 per cent of Hispanic children ever live in an extended family, compared with 20 per cent of White children...
May 17, 2018: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770612/identification-of-novel-mutations-causing-pediatric-cataract-in-bhutan-cambodia-and-sri-lanka
#20
Shari Javadiyan, Sionne E M Lucas, Dechen Wangmo, Meng Ngy, Kapila Edussuriya, Jamie E Craig, Adam Rudkin, Robert Casson, Dinesh Selva, Shiwani Sharma, Karen M Lower, James Meucke, Kathryn P Burdon
BACKGROUND: Pediatric cataract is an important cause of blindness and visual impairment in children. A large proportion of pediatric cataracts are inherited, and many genes have been described for this heterogeneous Mendelian disease. Surveys of schools for the blind in Bhutan, Cambodia, and Sri Lanka have identified many children with this condition and we aimed to identify the genetic causes of inherited cataract in these populations. METHODS: We screened, in parallel, 51 causative genes for inherited cataracts in 33 probands by Ampliseq enrichment and sequencing on an Ion Torrent PGM...
May 16, 2018: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
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