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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918232/childhood-maltreatment-and-adolescent-sexual-risk-behaviors-unique-cumulative-and-interactive-effects
#1
Marie-Eve Thibodeau, Francine Lavoie, Martine Hébert, Martin Blais
Child maltreatment has been associated with sexual risk behaviors. Previous investigators have typically studied only one form of maltreatment, preventing them from exploring interrelations between forms of maltreatment and their impact on sexual risk behaviors. Thus, this study aims to examine the unique, cumulative, and interactive effects of four maltreatment forms (sexual abuse, physical abuse, neglect, and witnessing interparental violence) on sexual risk behaviors. The sample comprised 1940 sexually active adolescents (Mage=15...
September 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918117/mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-a-high-school-football-player-with-familial-hemiplegic-migraine-a-case-report
#2
Manisha R Chand, Sumit Kanwar, Evan Peck
Mild traumatic brain injury is a major concern in young athletes, with an estimated 1.6 to 3.8 million reported concussions in the US annually. Familial hemiplegic migraine is a rare autosomal-dominant condition characterized by sporadic episodes of transient unilateral motor weakness which may begin at any age. We present a case of a 17-year-old male with a history of familial hemiplegic migraine who suffered prolonged symptoms following a mild traumatic brain injury during sports participation.
September 13, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918003/relevance-of-adding-a-triangular-dynamic-cushion-on-a-traditional-chair-a-3d-analysis-of-seated-schoolchildren
#3
T Fettweis, M N Onkelinx, C Schwartz, C Demoulin, J L Croisier, M Vanderthommen
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is highly prevalent in the general population and is even reported as early as at primary school. A poor sitting position has been suggested as an etiologic factor. This study analysed, in primary schoolchildren, the influence of a triangular dynamic cushion that aims to help children maintain their physiological lumbar lordosis and to induce movement to reduce the static effect of the sitting position. METHODS: Thirty 8-year-old children took part in this study...
September 8, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917950/suicide-behavior-and-associated-psychosocial-factors-among-adolescents-in-campeche-mexico
#4
Catalina González-Forteza, Carlos E Juárez-López, Alberto Jiménez, Liliana Montejo-León, Ulises R Rodríguez-Santisbón, Fernando A Wagner
Suicide is an important public health problem that requires a preventive approach. The present study aimed at assessing suicidal behaviors and their relations with other psychosocial factors in Campeche, Mexico, in order to inform the design of potential preventive interventions. A multistage probability sample of 2386 students representative of all middle schools of the state of Campeche, Mexico, took a standardized, paper-and-pencil survey covering selected psychosocial constructs including suicide behavior, depression, drug use, familial relationships, locus of control, impulsivity, and self-esteem, among others...
September 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917392/description-of-a-multi-university-education-and-collaborative-care-child-psychiatry-access-program-new-york-state-s-cap-pc
#5
D L Kaye, V Fornari, M Scharf, W Fremont, R Zuckerbrot, C Foley, T Hargrave, B A Smith, J Wallace, G Blakeslee, J Petras, S Sengupta, J Singarayer, A Cogswell, I Bhatia, P Jensen
OBJECTIVE: Although, child mental health problems are widespread, few get adequate treatment, and there is a severe shortage of child psychiatrists. To address this public health need many states have adopted collaborative care programs to assist primary care to better assess and manage pediatric mental health concerns. This report adds to the small literature on collaborative care programs and describes one large program that covers most of New York state. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: CAP PC, a component program of New York State's Office of Mental Health (OMH) Project TEACH, has provided education and consultation support to primary care providers covering most of New York state since 2010...
September 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917197/adolescent-socioeconomic-status-and-depressive-symptoms-in-later-life-evidence-from-structural-equation-models
#6
Elizabeth C Pino, Karla Damus, Brian Jack, David Henderson, Snezana Milanovic, Bindu Kalesan
BACKGROUND: The complex association between socioeconomic status (SES) and depressive symptoms is not entirely understood and the existing literature does not address the relationship between early-life SES and later-life depression from a life-course perspective, incorporating mediating events. METHODS: Using data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study, we employed structural equation modeling to examine how SES measured at age 18 affects depressive symptoms at age 54 directly and through mediating variables college graduation, marriage, and household income level at age 36...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917189/protective-factors-promoting-resilience-in-the-relation-between-child-sexual-victimization-and-internalizing-and-externalizing-symptoms
#7
Alba Pérez-González, Georgina Guilera, Noemí Pereda, Adolfo Jarne
Sexual victimization has been one of the most frequently studied forms of child victimization. Its effects are common and diverse; however, not all children and youth exposed to sexual victimization eventually develop adjustment problems. A total of 1105 children and youth (590 male and 515 female) aged between 12 and 17 from northeastern Spain were assessed regarding their experiences of sexual victimization, symptoms of psychopathology, and protective factors. The results showed that all forms of sexual victimization were associated with higher levels of emotional and behavioral problems...
September 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917129/residential-road-traffic-noise-and-general-mental-health-in-youth-the-role-of-noise-annoyance-neighborhood-restorative-quality-physical-activity-and-social-cohesion-as-potential-mediators
#8
Angel Dzhambov, Boris Tilov, Iana Markevych, Donka Dimitrova
Given the ubiquitous nature of both noise pollution and mental disorders, their alleged association has not escaped the spotlight of public health research. The effect of traffic noise on mental health is probably mediated by other factors, which have not been elucidated sufficiently. Herein, we aimed to disentangle the pathways linking road traffic noise to general mental health in Bulgarian youth, with a focus on several candidate mediators - noise annoyance, perceived restorative quality of the living environment, physical activity, and neighborhood social cohesion...
September 13, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917070/consumption-and-correlates-of-sweet-foods-carbonated-beverages-and-energy-drinks-among-primary-school-children-in-saudi-arabia
#9
Ali Saad R Alsubaie
To assess the consumption of sweets, carbonated beverages, and energy drinks along with their correlates among primary school children.  Methods: A total of 725 children (7-12 years old) were randomly recruited from 10 elementary schools from Al-Baha city, Saudi Arabia in 2013, using a multi-stage stratified sampling technique and pre-tested validated questionnaire.  Results: Approximately 26.1% of children reported consuming sweets on daily basis, and 63.4% consumed sweets occasionally during the week...
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916507/cardiac-patients-experiences-and-perceptions-of-social-media-mixed-methods-study
#10
Stephanie R Partridge, Anne C Grunseit, Patrick Gallagher, Becky Freeman, Blythe J O'Hara, Lis Neubeck, Sarah Due, Glenn Paull, Ding Ding, Adrian Bauman, Philayrath Phongsavan, Kellie Roach, Leonie Sadler, Helen Glinatsis, Robyn Gallagher
BACKGROUND: Traditional in-person cardiac rehabilitation has substantial benefits for cardiac patients, which are offset by poor attendance. The rapid increase in social media use in older adults provides an opportunity to reach patients who are eligible for cardiac rehabilitation but unable to attend traditional face-to-face groups. However, there is a paucity of research on cardiac patients' experiences and perspectives on using social media to support their health. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe cardiac rehabilitation patients' experiences in using social media in general and their perspective on using social media, particularly Facebook, to support their cardiac health and secondary prevention efforts...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915916/effects-of-a-silent-mentor-initiation-ceremony-and-dissection-on-medical-students-humanity-and-learning
#11
Ruei-Jen Chiou, Po-Fang Tsai, Der-Yan Han
OBJECTIVES: Many medical schools in Taiwan have adopted a dignified "silent mentor" initiation ceremony to strengthen student's medical humanity and increase their learning attitudes. This ceremony consists of introductions of the body donor's conduct and deeds, wreath-laying, and a tea party. However, few empirical studies have examined the influences of the ceremony and dissection on medical humanity. This study explored if the initiation ceremony and the course can help students care more about others, develop more positive attitudes toward death, improve learning effectiveness in the course, and decrease negative emotions the first time they see a cadaver...
September 16, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915864/physical-fitness-and-anthropometric-characteristics-among-adolescents-living-in-urban-or-rural-areas-of-kosovo
#12
Faton Tishukaj, Ismet Shalaj, Masar Gjaka, Besim Ademi, Rrustem Ahmetxhekaj, Norbert Bachl, Harald Tschan, Barbara Wessner
BACKGROUND: High physical fitness levels in childhood and adolescence are associated with positive health-related outcomes later in life. Albeit many researchers investigated rural-urban differences in physical fitness, the outcomes of these studies are inconsistent and data on Kosovo are widely missing. Thus, this study aims to examine anthropometric and physical fitness parameters in 14 to 15 year old Kosovan adolescents living in rural and urban areas. METHODS: Two schools from Pristina (mostly urban population) and two schools in the surrounding villages of the district of Deçan (mostly rural population) were selected...
September 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915845/reliability-and-validity-of-a-brief-sleep-questionnaire-for-children-in-japan
#13
Masakazu Okada, Shingo Kitamura, Yoshitaka Iwadare, Hisateru Tachimori, Yuichi Kamei, Shigekazu Higuchi, Kazuo Mishima
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of sleep questionnaires with few items and confirmed reliability and validity that can be used for the early detection of sleep problems in children. The aim of this study was to develop a questionnaire with few items and assess its reliability and validity in both children at high risk of sleep disorders and a community population. METHODS: Data for analysis were derived from two populations targeted by the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ): 178 children attending elementary school and 432 children who visited a pediatric psychiatric hospital (aged 6-12 years)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915403/highs-and-lows-naturalistic-changes-in-mood-and-everyday-hassles-over-school-and-vacation-periods-in-adolescents
#14
Sumedha Verma, Nicholas B Allen, John Trinder, Bei Bei
This study investigated changes in adolescents' mood and everyday hassles across school-terms and vacation periods. 146 (52.7% female) community-dwelling adolescents aged 16.2 ± 1.0 years (M±SD) completed self-report measures on depression, anxiety, and everyday hassles at four time points: during a school vacation, and the start, middle, and end of school-terms. Latent growth modeling showed that the end of a school-term was associated with significantly higher symptoms of depression, anxiety, and hassles; these measures were lower during the vacation...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915295/error-type-and-lexical-frequency-effects-error-detection-in-swedish-children-with-language-impairment
#15
Anna Eva Hallin, Christina Reuterskiöld
Purpose: The first aim of this study was to investigate if Swedish-speaking school-age children with language impairment (LI) show specific morphosyntactic vulnerabilities in error detection. The second aim was to investigate the effects of lexical frequency on error detection, an overlooked aspect of previous error detection studies. Method: Error sensitivity for grammatical structures vulnerable in Swedish-speaking preschool children with LI (omission of the indefinite article in a noun phrase with a neuter/common noun, and use of the infinitive instead of past-tense regular and irregular verbs) was compared to a control error (singular noun instead of plural)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915112/raising-awareness-on-cyber-safety-adolescents-experience-of-a-primary-healthcare-professional-led-school-based-multi-center-intervention
#16
Zoi Tsimtsiou, Evangelos Drosos, Anastasios Drontsos, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Fotini Dantsi, Zafiria Sekeri, Theodoros Dardavesis, Panagiotis Nanos, Malamatenia Arvanitidou
Purpose Although safe Internet use is an emerging public health issue, there is a scarcity of published work describing relevant school-based interventions. The objective of this study was to explore the impact of a health professional-led, school-based intervention in raising awareness on cyber-safety in adolescents, Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate adolescents' evaluation of this school-based intervention, 6 months after its implementation, as well as the impact of adolescents' school class and gender on their evaluation...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915111/the-effect-of-group-counseling-based-on-self-awareness-skill-on-sexual-risk-taking-among-girl-students-in-gorgan-iran-a-randomized-trial
#17
Golnoosh Kabiri, Tayebe Ziaei, Masumeh Rezaei Aval, Mohammad Ali Vakili
Background Sexual puberty in adolescents occurs before their mental and emotional maturity and exposes them to high-risk sexual behaviors. Because sexual risk-taking occurs before adolescents become involved in a sexual relationship, this study was conducted to identify the effect of group counseling based on self-awareness skill on sexual risk-taking among female high school students in Gorgan in order to suggest some preventative measures. Methods The present parallel study is a randomized field trial conducted on 96 girl students who were studying in grades 10, 11 and 12 of high school with an age range of 14-18 years old...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914731/academic-developmental-behavioral-pediatric-faculty-at-developmental-behavioral-pediatric-research-network-sites-changing-composition-and-interests
#18
Nancy Roizen, Ruth E K Stein, Ellen J Silver, Pamela High, Marilyn C Augustyn, Nathan J Blum
OBJECTIVE: To obtain and review workforce data, given the critical demand for developmental pediatricians (DPs). METHODS: Survey of demographics and professional activities of DP physician faculty at Developmental-Behavioral Pediatric (DBP) Research Network fellowship training sites. RESULTS: Of the eligible providers at 12 centers, 76% (n = 50) completed surveys. They were on average 50 years old and mostly female (86%), white (82%), and working full time (74%)...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914238/assessment-of-dental-caries-oral-hygiene-status-traumatic-dental-injuries-and-provision-of-basic-oral-health-care-among-visually-impaired-children-of-eastern-odisha
#19
Vinay Suresan, Diptajit Das, Avinash Jnaneswar, Kunal Jha, Gunjan Kumar, Goutham Bala Subramaniam
CONTEXT: The magnitude and severity of oral health problems in visually impaired population are worse than in general population, and they tend to have more untreated dental diseases and more problems accessing dental care. AIMS: The aim of this study is to assess dentition status and treatment needs, oral hygiene status, and traumatic dental injuries among institutionalized children attending special schools for the visually impaired in eastern Odisha. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted using a universal sampling protocol...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914164/the-danish-national-youth-study-2014-study-design-population-characteristics-and-non-response-analysis
#20
Veronica Pisinger, Stine Schou Mikkelsen, Pernille Bendtsen, Kia Kejlskov Egan, Janne Schurmann Tolstrup
AIMS: This paper aims to give a description of the Danish National Youth Study 2014 in terms of study design, study population and questionnaire content. The differences between participants and non-participants regarding socioeconomic characteristics are also described. METHODS: The Danish National Youth Study 2014 was a web-based survey with data collected through self-completion questionnaires administered in the classroom. There were two questionnaires: one for students, with >250 core questions; and one for school leaders on the school environment...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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