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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333923/perception-and-practice-of-hiv-aids-counseling-and-testing-among-secondary-school-adolescents-in-ogun-waterside-local-government-area-ogun-state-southwest-nigeria
#1
Adekunle D Alabi, Olalekan A Oke, Babatunde O Adedokun, Tamramat I Runsewe-Abiodun
A large proportion of Nigerian adolescents are sexually active and the country has one of the highest HIV prevalence among youths globally. This study was done to assess the perception and practice of HIV/AIDS counseling and testing (HCT) among secondary school adolescents in a rural community in Southwest Nigeria. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out using multistage sampling method. The results showed that despite high level of HCT awareness, majority of the adolescents (62.9%) had negative attitude toward it...
January 1, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333865/parental-supervision-and-discomfort-with-children-walking-to-school-in-low-income-communities-in-cape-town-south-africa
#2
Abigail Simons, Karin Koekemoer, Ashley van Niekerk, Rajen Govender
Objective The risk of pedestrian injury is compounded for children living in low-income communities due to factors such as poor road and pedestrian infrastructure, reliance on walking as a means of transport, and compromised supervision. Parents play an important role in child pedestrian safety. The primary objective of this study was to examine the effects of child pedestrian variables on parental discomfort with regard to letting their child walk to and from school and on the frequency of adult supervision...
January 15, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333817/anthropometric-and-biochemical-assessment-of-nutritional-status-and-dietary-intake-in-school-children-aged-6-14-years-province-of-buenos-aires-argentina
#3
Lorena Lázaro Cuesta, Analía Rearte, Sergio Rodríguez, Melina Niglia, Horacio Scipioni, Diego Rodríguez, Rosalía Salinas, Claudia Sosa, Stella Rasse
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is a global epidemic. School age and adolescence are critical stages for the implementation of eating and lifestyle habits. OBJECTIVE: To assess anthropometric and biochemical assessment of nutritional status and dietary intake in children, their relationship with socioeconomic factors and georeferencing. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in schoolchildren aged 6-14 years from the District of General Pueyrredon, during August-November 2013...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333764/education-is-the-strongest-socioeconomic-predictor-of-smoking-in-pregnancy
#4
Juho Härkönen, Matti Lindberg, Linnea Karlsson, Hasse Karlsson, Noora M Scheinin
AIMS: To investigate socioeconomic disparities in smoking in pregnancy (SIP) by the mother's education, occupational class, and current economic conditions. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis with linked survey and register data. SETTING: South-Western Finland. PARTICIPANTS: 2,667 pregnant women (70% of the original sample (N=3,808)) from FinnBrain, a prospective pregnancy cohort study. MEASUREMENTS: The outcome was smoking during the first pregnancy trimester, measured from the Finnish Medical Birth Register...
January 14, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333677/diminished-alternative-reinforcement-as-a-mechanism-linking-conduct-problems-and-substance-use-in-adolescence-a-longitudinal-examination
#5
Rubin Khoddam, Junhan Cho, N J Jackson, Adam M Leventhal
AIMS: To determine whether diminished alternative reinforcement (i.e., engagement and enjoyment from substance-free activities) mediated the longitudinal association of conduct problems with substance use in early-mid adolescence. DESIGN: Structural equation modeling tested whether the association between Wave 1 (baseline) conduct problems and Wave 3 (24-month follow-up) substance use outcomes was mediated by diminished alternative reinforcement at Wave 2 (12-month follow-up)...
January 14, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333646/examining-predictors-of-breakfast-skipping-and-breakfast-program-use-among-secondary-school-students-in-the-compass-study
#6
Katelyn M Godin, Karen A Patte, Scott T Leatherdale
BACKGROUND: Many Canadian schools offer breakfast programs; however, students' engagement in these programs is low, while breakfast skipping is highly prevalent among youth. This study examined whether the availability of breakfast programs supports adolescents' regular breakfast eating, and identified characteristics of breakfast skippers who are not using these programs. METHODS: Data from 30,771 secondary school students from Ontario and Alberta, Canada, participating in Year 3 (2014-2015) of the COMPASS study were used for descriptive and logistic regression analyses...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333643/race-sex-and-discrimination-in-school-settings-a-multilevel-analysis-of-associations-with-delinquency
#7
Brittany D Chambers, Jennifer Toller Erausquin
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a critical phase of development and experimentation with delinquent behaviors. There is a growing body of literature exploring individual and structural impacts of discrimination on health outcomes and delinquent behaviors. However, there is limited research assessing how school diversity and discrimination impact students' delinquent behaviors. In response, the purpose of this study was to assess if individual- and school-level indicators of discrimination and diversity were associated with student delinquent behaviors among African American and White students...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332981/the-unique-and-interactive-effects-of-parent-and-school-bonds-on-adolescent-delinquency
#8
Elaina Sabatine, Melissa Lippold, Kirsten Kainz
Parent and school bonds are protective against delinquency. This study used longitudinal data and multilevel Poisson regression models (MLM) to examine unique and interactive associations of parent and school bonds on youth delinquency in a sample of rural adolescents (n = 945; 84% White). We investigated whether youth sex or transitioning to a new middle school moderated the linkages between parent and school bonds and later delinquency. Results indicated reduced delinquency was associated with positive parent and school relationships...
November 2017: Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332980/domain-specific-daily-hassles-anxiety-and-delinquent-behaviors-among-low-income-urban-youth
#9
Jerry L Mize, Wendy Kliewer
We studied contributions of domain-specific daily hassles to anxiety and delinquency prior to and during the transition into middle (N = 186) or high school (N = 167) in a sample of low-income, urban adolescents (93% African American; 54% female) using a two-wave longitudinal design. Path models controlling for baseline maladjustment and sex examined how hassles from parents, peers, academics, and the neighborhood were associated with maladjustment once youth had made the transition into a new school. Hassles with friends both prior to and during the school transition mattered for older youth's maladjustment only, whereas hassles with parents mattered for both older and younger youth...
November 2017: Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332759/neck-pain-in-iranian-school-teachers-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#10
Fatemeh Ehsani, Mohammad Ali Mohseni-Bandpei, César Fernández-De-Las-Peñas, Khodabakhsh Javanshir
Neck pain (NP) is a common occupational health problem associated with a number of professions. Many studies indicate that NP is common among teachers, yet no published study was found to address the prevalence and risk factors of NP in Iranian school teachers. The purpose of the current study was to assess the prevalence and risk factors for NP among school teachers in Iran. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 586 randomly selected primary and high schools teachers from 22 schools in Tehran, Iran. Point, last month, last 6 months, annual, and lifetime prevalence rates of NP were 24%, 29%, 33%, 37%, and 43%, respectively...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332684/racial-ethnic-sleep-disparities-in-us-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-a-review-of-the-literature
#11
REVIEW
Dana Guglielmo, Julie A Gazmararian, Joon Chung, Ann E Rogers, Lauren Hale
Sleep is essential for optimal health, well-being, and cognitive functioning, and yet nationwide, youth are not obtaining consistent, adequate, or high-quality sleep. In fact, more than two-thirds of US adolescents are sleeping less than 8 hours nightly on school nights. Racial and ethnic minority children and adolescents are at an increased risk of having shorter sleep duration and poorer sleep quality than their white peers. In this review, we critically examined and compared results from 23 studies that have investigated racial/ethnic sleep disparities in American school-aged children and adolescents ages 6-19 years...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332494/an-evaluation-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-re-victimization-experiences-problematic-substance-use-and-negative-consequences
#12
D J Angelone, Tiffany Marcantonio, Jessica Melillo
We investigated substance use and negative consequences in women who experienced an initial sexual assault (SA) in high school and subsequently in college. More than 650 participants completed questionnaires assessing substance use/consequences, SA history, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomology. Revictimized women reported differential substance use/consequences relative to controls underscoring the need to conceptualize adolescence as a key developmental period with a unique pathway to a subsequent SA, especially in association with substance use...
June 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332493/college-campus-sexual-assault-the-contribution-of-peers-proabuse-informational-support-and-attachments-to-abusive-peers
#13
Walter S DeKeseredy, Amanda Hall-Sanchez, James Nolan
Since the mid-1980s, researchers across the United States have uncovered high rates of sexual assault among female college students. However, to advance a better understanding of this gendered type of victimization, and to both prevent and control this problem, the research community needs to identify its major correlates. One that is consistently uncovered in North American campus survey work is negative peer support, especially that provided by male peers. Yet, some earlier studies have found that mixed-sex negative peer support, too, contributes to campus sexual assault...
September 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332470/a-school-based-neuromuscular-training-program-and-sport-related-injury-incidence-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#14
Kim D Barber Foss, Staci Thomas, Jane C Khoury, Gregory D Myer, Timothy E Hewett
CONTEXT:   An estimated 40 million school-aged children (age range = 5-18 years) participate annually in sports in the United States, generating approximately 4 million sport-related injuries and requiring 2.6 million emergency department visits at a cost of nearly $2 billion. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the effects of a school-based neuromuscular training (NMT) program on sport-related injury incidence across 3 sports at the high school and middle school levels, focusing particularly on knee and ankle injuries...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332469/balance-regularity-among-former-high-school-football-players-with-or-without-a-history-of-concussion
#15
Julianne D Schmidt, Douglas P Terry, Jihyun Ko, Karl M Newell, L Stephen Miller
CONTEXT:   Subclinical postural-control changes may persist beyond the point when athletes are considered clinically recovered postconcussion. OBJECTIVE:   To compare postural-control performance between former high school football players with or without a history of concussion using linear and nonlinear metrics. DESIGN:   Case-control study. SETTING:   Clinical research laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   A total of 11 former high school football players (age range, 45-60 years) with 2 or more concussions and 11 age- and height-matched former high school football players without a history of concussion...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332419/adolescent-stress-treatment-study-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#16
Stephanie Lynch, Conni DeBlieck, Linda C Summers, Anita Reinhardt, Wanda Borges
High school students experience a variety of stressors. Mental health issues are critical to their health. The "Adolescent Stress Treatment (AST) Study: A Cluster Randomized Trial" compared the efficacy of two stress reduction devices, the EnergyPod™ and the SleepWing™. The EnergyPod™ is a device that provides a semiprivate acoustical and visual environment for rest, stress reduction, and sleep. The SleepWing™ is a smaller device offering similar benefits. High school students were offered the opportunity to participate in the AST study when they exhibited signs of agitation...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332112/evaluation-of-effectiveness-of-peer-education-on-smoking-behavior-among-high-school-students
#17
Nurcan Bilgiç, Türkan Günay
To evaluate the effectiveness of peer education on changing the smoking behavior of high schoolage children's.  Methods: In this interventional study; transtheoretical model, which is one of the cognitive-behavioral models was used for application of the peer education. Study was conducted in Izmir during 2011-2012 education period and included 338 students from 2 high schools The independent variable of the study is peer training.  Descriptive variables for a student are age, gender, tendecy of friends to smoke inside and outside the school,  the age they have first experienced the habit,  reasons for nicotine consumption,  levels of addiction,  chatting about smoking and related harms...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332110/association-of-psychological-stress-with-skin-symptoms-among-medical-students
#18
Ghada A Bin Saif, Hala M Alotaibi, Abdullateef A Alzolibani, Noor A Almodihesh, Hamad F Albraidi, Najed M Alotaibi, Gil Yosipovitch
To evaluate the association between psychological stress and skin symptoms among medical students.  Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out between January and June 2015. Electronic survey consists of Perceived Stress Questionnaire (PSQ) and Self-Reported Skin Complaints Questionnaire were distributed to all 1435 undergraduate students at College of Medicine, King Saud University (KSU), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Results: Final analysis was performed on data from 529 (36.9%) students. Students were divided into three groups: least stressed students, n=135, PSQ index less than 0...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332014/influence-of-waist-circumference-on-blood-pressure-status-in-non-obese-adolescents
#19
Karima Benmohammed, Paul Valensi, Minh Tuan Nguyen, Farah Benmohammed, Moufida Benlatreche, Karima Benembarek, Alkassem Lezzar
Objectives To check whether excess in abdominal adiposity and metabolic factors were associated with blood pressure abnormalities in non-obese adolescents. Methods We randomly selected 1100 adolescent students, aged 12-18 years, from schools and classrooms in the city of Constantine, Algeria. Among them 179 were overweight and 51 were obese (IOTF criteria). Waist circumference (WC) was considered high if >74 cm in boys and 75 cm in girls (mean of WC of all population studied). Hypertension (HBP) and prehypertension (preHBP) were defined by the NHBPEP's 2004 criteria...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331968/association-between-health-service-utilisation-of-internal-migrant-children-and-parents-acculturation-in-guangdong-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Bo-Li Peng, Guan-Yang Zou, Wen Chen, Yan-Wei Lin, Li Ling
OBJECTIVES: To assess the health service utilisation of internal migrant children in Guangdong, China, and to explore the association between children's health service utilisation and their parents' acculturation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey between April and May 2016. SETTING: Six society-run schools of Tianhe and Baiyun districts in Guangzhou City of China. PARTICIPANTS: We recruited all students at grade 7 or 8 and one of their parents who resided in Guangzhou over 6 months without permanent registered residence (hukou) in Guangzhou (1161 pairs completed this survey)...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
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