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High School

Hong Ren, Zhixiong Zhou, Wenxi Kevin Liu, Xiujiang Wang, Zenong Yin
AIM: This study examined the relationships between energy balance-related behaviours outside school hours and obesity in Chinese primary school students. We also explored the influence of gender on those relationships. METHODS: The study sample was a cross-sectional cohort of 5,032 Chinese children who were enrolled in grades 1-6 in primary schools in five Chinese cities and whose mean ages ranged from 7.3 to 11.9 years. The children's parents completed a survey on their child's height, weight and energy balance-related behaviours outside school hours...
October 19, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
Flavia Westphal, Suzete Maria Fustinoni, Vânia Lopes Pinto, Patrícia de Souza Melo, Anelise Riedel Abrahão
Objective: To identify the profile of women seen in a Fetal Medicine unit, diagnosed with fetal abnormality incompatible with neonatal survival in their current pregnancy, and to check the association of gestational age upon diagnosis with the option of pregnancy termination. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study carried out in the Fetal Medicine Outpatients Clinic of a university hospital, in the city of São Paulo (SP), Brazil, using medical records of pregnant women with fetus presenting abnormalities incompatible with neonatal survival...
July 2016: Einstein
Jeremy T Goldbach, Ethan H Mereish, Claire Burgess
BACKGROUND: Prescription drug, e-cigarette, smokeless tobacco, and synthetic marijuana use has risen dramatically in the United States over the past decade. OBJECTIVES: This paper investigates the use of risky substances among adolescents, and examines disparities between sexual minority (i.e., mostly heterosexual and lesbian, gay, bisexual; LGB) and heterosexual adolescents in use of novel and emerging substances. Given the public health risk and the imminence of these substances in the media, emerging drug use was examined in a county wide sample of adolescents in a Southern state...
October 19, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Kleio Koutra, George Kritsotakis, Manolis Linardakis, Nikoleta Ratsika, Anna Kokkevi, Anastas Philalithis
BACKGROUND: Smoking is among the health risk behaviors taken up by many adolescents with lifelong consequences and associations with multiple health risk behaviors. Smoking and smoking initiation in adolescence involves an interaction between micro-, meso-, and macro systems, including neighborhoods and the greater community. OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations of individual social and economic capital with self-reported health, life satisfaction, and smoking behavior in adolescents...
October 19, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
M ElSalhy, E Söderling, E Honkala, M Fontana, S Flannagan, A Kokaras, B J Paster, A Varghese, S Honkala
AIM: To compare the composition of the salivary microbiota in caries-affected vs. caries-free mutans streptococci (MS)- positive children with mixed dentition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty eight healthy, 11-12-year-old schoolchildren with high MS counts (>10⊃5 CFU/mL) were included in this study. The children were screened with the Dentocult SM Strip Mutans test (Orion Diagnostica, Espoo, Finland) and examined using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS)...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Alia Alghwiri, Gregory Marchetti
PURPOSE: To investigate the point prevalence of upper back pain (UBP) and lower back pain (LBP) in Jordanian schoolteachers and to estimate the work-related reported disability. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was used to assess back pain in a convenience sample of teachers in Jordan. Crude and weighted prevalence estimates of self-reported spinal pain and limited productivity were described. Demographic and occupational factors associated with self-reported pain and limited productivity were identified by multinomial/logistic regression...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Geert-Jan Will, Eveline A Crone, Pol A C van Lier, Berna Güroğlu
Childhood peer acceptance is associated with high levels of prosocial behavior and advanced perspective taking skills. Yet, the neurobiological mechanisms underlying these associations have not been studied. This functional magnetic resonance imaging study examined the neural correlates of sharing decisions in a group of adolescents who had a stable accepted status (n = 27) and a group who had a chronic rejected status (n = 19) across six elementary school grades. Both groups of adolescents played three allocation games in which they could share money with strangers with varying costs and profits to them and the other person...
October 17, 2016: Developmental Science
Marika Tiggemann, Amy Slater
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of the study was to examine the relationship across time between Facebook use and body image concern in adolescent girls. METHOD: A sample of 438 girls in the first two years (Years 8 and 9) of high school (aged 13-15 years) at Time 1 completed questionnaire measures of Facebook consumption and body image concerns, and again two years later (Time 2). RESULTS: Facebook involvement increased substantially over the two year time period...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Chris S Ivanoff, Krassimira Yaneva, Diana Luan, Bogomil Andonov, Reena R Kumar, Anirudha Agnihotry, Athena E Ivanoff, Dimitrios Emmanouil, Luiz Evaristo Ricci Volpato, Filip Koneski, Ilijana Muratovska, Huda A Al-Shehri, Sara M Al-Taweel, Michele Daly
BACKGROUND: Training culturally competent graduates who can practice effectively in a multicultural environment is a goal of contemporary dental education. The Global Oral Health Initiative is a network of dental schools seeking to promote global dentistry as a component of cultural competency training. OBJECTIVE: Before initiating international student exchanges, a survey was conducted to assess students' awareness of global dentistry and interest in cross-national clerkships...
October 18, 2016: International Dental Journal
Rachelle Jones, Timothy A Brusseau, Pamela H Kulinna, Hans van der Mars
BACKGROUND: Understanding the physical activity patterns of youth is important for the implementation and evaluation of programming and interventions designed to change behavior. To date, little is known about the objectively measured physical activity patterns of Native American youth. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to examine the step counts of Navajo youth during weekdays, weekend days, and physical education classes. METHODS: Participants included 63 high school students (mean age = 15...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Chi-Chi N Udeagu, Sharmila Shah, Magalieta M Toussaint, Leonard Pickett
The New York City Department of Health Disease Intervention Specialists (DIS) routinely contact newly HIV-diagnosed persons via telephone calls and in-person meetings to conduct partner services (PS) interviews in order to elicit the names and contact information of the HIV-exposed partners for notification and HIV-testing, and to assist clients with linkage to care. From October 2013 to December 2015, we offered PS interviews conducted via video-call alongside voice-call and in-person modes in a selected geographic area of NYC...
October 17, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
Bagher Larijani, Arash Hossein-Nezhad, Elham Feizabad, Zhila Maghbooli, Hossein Adibi, Majid Ramezani, Eghbal Taheri
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional population-based study was conducted to elucidate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency, bone turnover marker's variation and its influencing factors among adolescents of Tehran. METHODS: Totally 444 middle and high school (53.6 % in high school) students (both girls and boys) were recruited. A short food frequency questionnaire designed to estimate dietary calcium and vitamin D consumption. Serum levels of calcium, phosphorus, parathyroid hormone (PTH), bone specific alkaline phosphates, 25 (OH) vitamin D, osteocalcin, cross-linked C-telopeptide (CTX), total protein, albumin and creatinine were determined...
2016: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Taeshik Kim, Mo-Yeol Kang, Min-Sang Yoo, Dongwook Lee, Yun-Chul Hong
BACKGROUND: With the development of technology, extensive use of computers in the workplace is prevalent and increases efficiency. However, computer users are facing new harmful working conditions with high workloads and longer hours. This study aimed to investigate the association between computer use at work and self-reported depressive and anxiety disorder (DAD) in a nationally representative sample of South Korean workers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was based on the third Korean Working Conditions Survey (2011), and 48,850 workers were analyzed...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Samuel Dery, Frances da-Costa Vroom, Anthony Godi, Seth Afagbedzi, Duah Dwomoh
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that ICT adoption contributes to productivity and economic growth. It is therefore important that health workers have knowledge in ICT to ensure adoption and uptake of ICT tools to enable efficient health delivery. OBJECTIVE: To determine the knowledge and use of ICT among students of the College of Health Sciences at the University of Ghana. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among students in all the five Schools of the College of Health Sciences at the University of Ghana...
September 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
Joseph M Czerniecki, Aaron P Turner, Rhonda M Williams, Mary Lou Thompson, Greg Landry, Kevin Hakimi, Rebecca Speckman, Daniel C Norvell
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was the development of AMPREDICT-Mobility, a tool to predict the probability of independence in either basic or advanced (iBASIC or iADVANCED) mobility 1 year after dysvascular major lower extremity amputation. METHODS: Two prospective cohort studies during consecutive 4-year periods (2005-2009 and 2010-2014) were conducted at seven medical centers. Multiple demographic and biopsychosocial predictors were collected in the periamputation period among individuals undergoing their first major amputation because of complications of peripheral arterial disease or diabetes...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Yi-Bin Deng, Dan Yu, Qin Su, Hui-Min Wang, Hua Yin, Zhao-Meng Zhou, Na He, Dan Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) level and the prevalence rate of a high non-HDL-C level in children aged 9-11 years in the Mianyang Science City area in Sichuan Province, China. METHODS: From September to October, 2015, a field investigation was performed for the students from three primary schools in the Mianyang Science City area by cluster sampling. Fasting venous blood was collected for blood lipid tests. The cut-off value of serum non-HDL-C level and prevalence rate of a high non-HDL-C level in children aged 9-11 years in this area were calculated, as well as the prevalence rate of a high non-HDL-C level in obese children...
October 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Annelisa Silva E Alves de Carvalho Santos, Erika Aparecida Silveira, Marianne de Oliveira Falco
This study aimed to estimate the incidence of gastrointestinal symptoms (GIS) and associated factors in an outpatient cohort of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) followed between October 2009 and July 2011. We evaluated nausea and/or vomiting, dyspepsia, heartburn, diarrhea, constipation, and flatulence. The outcome variable was the presence of three or more GIS. Sociodemographic (sex, skin color, age, income, years of schooling), lifestyle (smoking status, alcohol consumption, physical activity level), clinical (antiretroviral therapy, time of HIV infection, CD4 lymphocyte count, viral load), and anthropometric (nutritional status and waist circumference) variables were investigated...
2016: PloS One
Nagah M Abo El-Fetoh, Naif G Alenezi, Nasser G Alshamari, Omar G Alenezi
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is the most common cutaneous disorder affecting adolescents and young adults. Small, noninflamed acne lesions may not be more than a slight nuisance, but, in individuals with more severe inflammatory disease, pain, social embarrassment, and both physical and psychological scarring can be life altering. Despite its high prevalence, no previous community-based studies have been conducted in Arar, northern border of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, addressing this issue...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Mohamed M Abd El-Mawgod, Arwa S Alshaibany, Aeshah M Al-Anazi
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhea is one of the most common and important health problems, especially among young girls. It results in absence from school and work. It has some negative effects on the daily activities of patients. Because of cultural problems, patients ordinarily do not seek help from others in this situation. Identification of abnormal menstrual patterns during adolescence may permit early prevention of potential health concerns in adulthood. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, severity, and impact of dysmenorrhea in secondary-school students and its association with school absenteeism in Arar city...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Victor Grech, Samuel Aquilina, Erin Camilleri, Karl Camilleri, Maria-Louisa Busuttil, Victoria Farrugia Sant'Angelo, Neville Calleja
OBJECTIVES: Obesity is a chronic disease that often commences in childhood. Over quarter of Maltese children are overweight or obese. This study was carried out in order to measure height and weight (and Body Mass Index) for all school children in Malta in order to precisely quantify the extent of the problem. METHODS: Schooling in Malta is provided by: A. Free State schools, B. Subsidised Roman-Catholic Church-run schools and C. Independent Private schools. All were included...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
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