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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633565/febio-history-and-advances
#1
Steve A Maas, Gerard A Ateshian, Jeffrey A Weiss
The principal goal of the FEBio project is to provide an advanced finite element tool for the biomechanics and biophysics communities that allows researchers to model mechanics, transport, and electrokinetic phenomena for biological systems accurately and efficiently. In addition, because FEBio is geared toward the research community, the code is designed such that new features can be added easily, thus making it an ideal tool for testing novel computational methods. Finally, because the success of a code is determined by its user base, integral goals of the FEBio project have been to offer support and outreach to our community; to provide mechanisms for dissemination of results, models, and data; and to encourage interaction between users...
June 21, 2017: Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631834/citizenship-community-mental-health-and-the-common-good
#2
Kendall Atterbury, Michael Rowe
In this article, we address the issue of community mental health and the common good via an applied theory of citizenship to support the social inclusion, empowerment, and inclusion of persons diagnosed with psychiatric disorders. We begin by discussing citizenship, and the concept of the common good, in regard to historical conceptions of citizenship, including the historical exclusion of women, people of color, persons with mental illness, and others. We then review the development of our citizenship framework in response to the limitations of even the most innovative community mental health interventions, specifically the practice of mental health outreach to persons who are homeless...
June 20, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629328/impact-of-systematic-capacity-building-on-cataract-surgical-service-development-in-25-hospitals
#3
Katherine Judson, Paul Courtright, Thulsiraj Ravilla, Rohit Khanna, Ken Bassett
BACKGROUND: This study measured the effectiveness and cost of a capacity building intervention in 25 eye hospitals in South Asia, East Africa and Latin America over 4 years. The intervention involved eye care non-governmental organizations or high-performing eye hospitals acting as "mentors" to underperforming eye hospitals- "mentees" in 10 countries. Intervention activities included systematic planning and support for training and key equipment purchases as well as hospital-specific mentoring which focused on strengthening leadership, increasing the volume and equity of community outreach, improving surgical quality and volume, strengthening organizational and financial management and streamlining operational processes...
June 19, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629277/addressing-tobacco-use-among-consumers-and-staff-at-behavioral-health-treatment-facilities-through-comprehensive-workplace-programming
#4
Hannah L Samaha, Virmarie Correa-Fernández, Cho Lam, William T Wilson, Bryce Kyburz, Tim Stacey, Teresa Williams, Lorraine R Reitzel
Tobacco use is the leading cause of death and disability in the United States; cigarette smoking is the most common form of tobacco use. Smoking has become increasingly concentrated among individuals with behavioral health needs (e.g., persistent mental illness) and has led to increased morbidity and mortality in this group relative to the general population. Comprehensive tobacco-free workplace programs are effective in reducing tobacco use and cigarette smoke exposure among behavioral health consumers and the individuals who serve them...
July 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628586/building-a-pediatric-oral-health-training-curriculum-for-community-health-workers
#5
Molly Martin, William Frese, Christie Lumsden, Anna Sandoval
OBJECTIVES: Community health workers (CHWs) are a promising approach to oral health promotion in high-risk populations. This article describes the process of creating a pediatric oral health CHW training curriculum. DESIGN: Existing curricula were identified through outreach efforts to experts in the oral health and CHW fields, as well as PubMed and Google searches. After coding basic information, curricula were mapped to define oral health domains. Then group discussion was employed to determine final curriculum contents...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621201/effectiveness-of-antenatal-care-services-in-reducing-neonatal-mortality-in-kenya-analysis-of-national-survey-data
#6
Malachi Arunda, Anders Emmelin, Benedict Oppong Asamoah
BACKGROUND: Although global neonatal mortality declined by about 40 percent from 1990 to 2013, it still accounted for about 2.6 million deaths globally and constituted 42 percent of global under-five deaths. Most of these deaths occur in developing countries. Antenatal care (ANC) is a globally recommended strategy used to prevent neonatal deaths. In Kenya, over 90 percent of pregnant women attend at least one ANC visit during pregnancy. However, Kenya is currently among the 10 countries that contribute the most neonatal deaths globally...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618108/chronic-respiratory-disease-in-the-regional-and-remote-population-of-the-northern-territory-top-end-a-perspective-from-the-specialist-respiratory-outreach-service
#7
Anuk Kruavit, Melissa Fox, Rebecca Pearson, Subash Heraganahally
OBJECTIVE: To study the demographic, rates and types of chronic respiratory conditions in Indigenous and non-Indigenous patients in regional and remote communities of Northern Territory Top End, who were referred to the specialist respiratory outreach service. DESIGN: A retrospective, observational study over a 2 years period. SETTING: Remote community health clinics within the Northern Territory Top End visited by the specialist respiratory outreach team...
June 15, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615932/expanding-the-inspired-copd-outreach-program%C3%A2-to-the-emergency-department-a-feasibility-assessment
#8
Darcy Gillis, Jillian Demmons, Graeme Rocker
BACKGROUND: The Halifax-based INSPIRED COPD Outreach Program™ is a facility-to-community home-based novel clinical initiative that through improved care transitions, self-management, and engagement in advance care planning has demonstrated a significant (60%-80%) reduction in health care utilization with substantial cost aversion. By assessing the feasibility of expanding INSPIRED into the emergency department (ED) we anticipated extending reach and potential for positive impact of INSPIRED to those with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) who avoid hospital admission...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615759/telepsychiatry-as-an-economically-better-model-for-reaching-the-unreached-a-retrospective-report-from-south-india
#9
Sydney Moirangthem, Sabina Rao, Channaveerachari Naveen Kumar, Manjunatha Narayana, Neelaveni Raviprakash, Suresh Bada Math
AIM: In a resource-poor country such as India, telepsychiatry could be an economical method to expand health-care services. This study was planned to compare the costing and feasibility of three different service delivery models. The end user was a state-funded long-stay Rehabilitation Center (RC) for the homeless. METHODOLOGY: Model A comprised patients going to a tertiary care center for clinical care, Model B was community outreach service, and Model C comprised telepsychiatry services...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615026/engaging-the-private-sector-in-malaria-surveillance-a-review-of-strategies-and-recommendations-for-elimination-settings
#10
Adam Bennett, Anton L V Avanceña, Jennifer Wegbreit, Chris Cotter, Kathryn Roberts, Roly Gosling
BACKGROUND: In malaria elimination settings, all malaria cases must be identified, documented and investigated. To facilitate complete and timely reporting of all malaria cases and effective case management and follow-up, engagement with private providers is essential, particularly in settings where the private sector is a major source of healthcare. However, research on the role and performance of the private sector in malaria diagnosis, case management and reporting in malaria elimination settings is limited...
June 14, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615019/evaluation-of-community-provision-of-a-preventive-cardiovascular-programme-the-national-health-service-health-check-in-reaching-the-under-served-groups-by-primary-care-in-england-cross-sectional-observational-study
#11
Maria Woringer, Elizabeth Cecil, Hillary Watt, Kiara Chang, Fozia Hamid, Kamlesh Khunti, Elizabeth Dubois, Julie Evason, Azeem Majeed, Michael Soljak
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of premature mortality and a major contributor of health inequalities in England. Compared to more affluent and white counterparts, deprived people and ethnic minorities tend to die younger due to preventable CVD associated with lifestyle. In addition, deprived, ethnic minorities and younger people are less likely to be served by CVD prevention services. This study assessed the effectiveness of community-based outreach providers in delivering England's National Health Services (NHS) Health Check programme, a CVD preventive programme to under-served groups...
June 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612082/reaching-out-for-help-an-analysis-of-the-differences-between-refugees-who-accept-and-those-who-decline-community-mental-health-services
#12
Jennifer L Ballard-Kang, Thomas R Lawson, Jane Evans
In 2012, clinics in Louisville, Kentucky began to use the RHS-15 to screen for mental health issues among refugees. At the same time, mental health outreach programs were developed and implemented by the Mental Health Coordinator. Data from 563 refugee clients referred to the Mental Health Coordinator from 2012 to 2015 was analyzed to examine differences between refugees who accepted referral to community mental health services and those who declined on the variables age, gender, country of origin, time in the U...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609264/supporting-muslim-patients-during-advanced-illness
#13
REVIEW
Nathan A Boucher, Ejaz A Siddiqui, Harold G Koenig
Religion is an important part of many patients' cultural perspectives and value systems that influence them during advanced illness and toward the end of life when they directly face mortality. Worldwide violence perpetrated by people identifying as Muslim has been a growing fear for people living in the US and elsewhere. This fear has further increased by the tense rhetoric heard from the recent US presidential campaign and the new presidential administration. For many, this includes fear of all Muslims, the second-largest religious group in the world with 1...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603151/using-a-clinical-outreach-project-to-foster-a-community-engaged-research-partnership-with-somali-families
#14
Sarah Miner, Dianne V Liebel, Mary H Wilde, Jennifer Carroll, Sadiya Omar
BACKGROUND: Community-engaged research partnerships build the capacity of community and educational organizations to work together toward addressing important health issues and disparities for vulnerable populations, such as refugees or immigrants. A critical step for building a community-engaged research partnership is the Thrst contact or entrée into the community. PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to describe how a successful home health community-engaged partnership became the entrée and foundation for a community-engaged research partnership to explore the home health needs of Somali older adults and their families...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595624/immunization-urbanization-and-slums-a-systematic-review-of-factors-and-interventions
#15
Tim Crocker-Buque, Godwin Mindra, Richard Duncan, Sandra Mounier-Jack
BACKGROUND: In 2014, over half (54%) of the world's population lived in urban areas and this proportion will increase to 66% by 2050. This urbanizing trend has been accompanied by an increasing number of people living in urban poor communities and slums. Lower immunization coverage is found in poorer urban dwellers in many contexts. This study aims to identify factors associated with immunization coverage in poor urban areas and slums, and to identify interventions to improve coverage...
June 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592246/using-a-programmatic-mapping-approach-to-plan-for-hiv-prevention-and-harm-reduction-interventions-for-people-who-inject-drugs-in-three-south-african-cities
#16
Andrew Scheibe, Shaun Shelly, Andrew Lambert, Andrea Schneider, Rudolf Basson, Nelson Medeiros, Kalvanya Padayachee, Helen Savva, Harry Hausler
BACKGROUND: Stigma, criminalisation and a lack of data on drug use contribute to the "invisibility" of people who inject drugs (PWID) and make HIV prevention and treatment service delivery challenging. We aimed to confirm locations where PWID congregate in Cape Town, eThekwini and Tshwane (South Africa) and to estimate PWID population sizes within selected electoral wards in these areas to inform South Africa's first multi-site HIV prevention project for PWID. METHODS: Field workers (including PWID peers) interviewed community informants to identify suspected injecting locations in selected electoral wards in each city and then visited these locations and interviewed PWID...
June 7, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590945/addressing-the-global-zika-epidemic-locally-an-interprofessional-model-of-universal-screening-at-one-center
#17
Rosha N Forman, Pooja K Mehta, Kettie R Louis, Molly K Finneseth, Christina D Yarrington
Escalating evidence for the fetal impact of Zika virus infection required a change in care by all prenatal providers. This article describes an effective model of rapid implementation of universal prenatal screening at one hospital and its network of community health centers for a large and diverse immigrant population exploring the challenges, experiences, and lessons learned. Implementation of national recommendations required a workflow change, challenging a system with a heterogeneity of settings and providers...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589824/taking-care-to-the-patient-a-rural-outreach-plan-for-men
#18
Elaine Cole
A staff nurse has turned her outpatients department into a health promotion hub, reaching across her community hospital and beyond to provide proactive, preventive and integrated services in rural communities. Anne Thomas, who works at Dolgellau Hospital in Gwynedd, north west Wales, won the Community Nursing category of the RCNi Nurse Awards 2017 for her work addressing health inequalities in men.
June 7, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585880/service-needs-and-barriers-to-care-five-or-more-years-after-moderate-to-severe-tbi-among-veterans
#19
R Jay Schulz-Heik, John H Poole, Marie N Dahdah, Campbell Sullivan, Maheen M Adamson, Elaine S Date, Rose Salerno, Karen Schwab, Odette Harris
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to identify the most frequent service needs, factors associated with needs, and barriers to care among Veterans and service members five or more years after moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). RESEARCH DESIGN: Survey administered via telephone 5-16 years after injury (median eight years) and subsequent acute inpatient rehabilitation at a regional Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centre. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Participants were 119 Veterans and military personnel, aged 23-70 (median 35), 90% male...
June 6, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584509/prostate-cancer-detected-by-screening-in-a-semi-urban-community-in-southeast-nigeria-correlations-and-associations-between-anthropometric-measurements-and-prostate-specific-antigen
#20
Fred O Ugwumba, Agharighom D Okoh, Kevin N Echetabu, Emeka I Udeh, Ikenna I Nnabugwu
CONTEXT: Prostate cancer (PCa) is frequently diagnosed at advanced stages in Nigeria. AIMS: To determine the screen detected PCa prevalence in a suburban community and explore any relationships between prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and anthropometric measurements. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Nsukka is a town and local government area (LGA) in Southeast Nigeria in Enugu State. Towns that share a common border with Nsukka are Edem Ani, Alor-uno, Opi, Orba, and Ede-Oballa...
January 2017: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
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