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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227156/a-case-study-for-integrated-stem-outreach-in-an-urban-setting-using-a-do-it-yourself-vertical-jump-measurement-platform
#1
John F Drazan, Heather Danielsen, Matthew Vercelletto, Amy Loya, James Davis, Ron Eglash, John F Drazan, Heather Danielsen, Matthew Vercelletto, Amy Loya, James Davis, Ron Eglash, Heather Danielsen, Ron Eglash, John F Drazan, Matthew Vercelletto, Amy Loya, James Davis
The purpose of this study was to develop and deploy a low cost vertical jump platform using readily available materials for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education and outreach in the inner city. The platform was used to measure the jumping ability of participants to introduce students to the collection and analysis of scientific data in an engaging, accessible manner. This system was designed and fabricated by a student team of engineers as part of a socially informed engineering and design class...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222770/what-do-patients-with-diabetes-and-providers-think-of-an-innovative-australian-model-of-remote-diabetic-retinopathy-screening-a-qualitative-study
#2
Nicola M Glasson, Sarah L Larkins, Lisa J Crossland
BACKGROUND: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the commonest cause of preventable blindness in working age populations, but up to 98% of visual loss secondary to DR can be prevented with early detection and treatment. In 2012, an innovative outreach DR screening model was implemented in remote communities in a state of Australia. The aim of this study was to explore the acceptability of this unique DR screening model to patients, health professionals and other key stakeholders. METHODS: This descriptive qualitative study used semi-structured interviews with patients opportunistically recruited whilst attending DR screening, and purposefully selected health care professionals either working within or impacted by the programme...
February 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215379/promoting-teen-contraceptive-use-by-intervention-with-their-mothers
#3
Richard A Crosby, Tom Collins, Lindsay R Stradtman
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this pilot study was to test a community outreach model designed to help mothers in a rural, medically underserved area navigate their teen daughters to health department services for long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) or alternative contraception. METHODS: The pilot study used a single-group, post-test only design. Mothers of teen daughters (N=142) received a 1-hour, one-to-one intervention session (in outreach settings) from Community Liaisons...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215378/program-sustainability-hearing-loss-and-tinnitus-prevention-in-american-indian-communities
#4
William Hal Martin, Judith L Sobel, Susan E Griest, Linda C Howarth, Thomas M Becker
INTRODUCTION: An important goal of any health promotion effort is to have it maintained in delivery and effectiveness over time. The purpose of this study was to establish a community-based noise-induced hearing loss and tinnitus prevention program in three different types of American Indian communities and evaluate them for evidence of long-term sustainability. METHODS: The target population was fourth- and fifth-grade students from three different models of American Indian communities...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206867/mosquito-biology-and-mosquito-borne-disease-awareness-among-island-communities-in-malaysia
#5
Aziz Shafie, Muhammad Aidil Roslan, Romano Ngui, Yvonne Ai Lian Lim, Wan Yusoff Wan Sulaiman
Mosquito-borne diseases have been increasing at an alarming rate over the past decades. In Malaysia, one finds several important mosquito-borne diseases such as Japanese encephalitis, dengue, malaria, and chikungunya. Mosquito surveillance and control programs are the most effective way of detecting and controlling mosquito-borne diseases, but these programs are less effective without an aware and well-informed general public. In 2014 we used a questionnaire to evaluate the extent of awareness of basic mosquito biology and mosquito-borne diseases in 6 villages, Kampung Masjid, Kampung Teluk Gedung, Kampung Teluk Dalam, Kampung Ujung Kelawai, Kampung Sungai Pinang Besar, and Kampung Sungai Pinang Kechil on Pangkor Island, Malaysia...
December 2016: Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196998/clinical-profile-of-patients-seeking-services-at-urban-community-psychiatric-services-in-chandigarh
#6
Suravi Patra, Bir Singh Chavan, Nitin Gupta, Ajeet Sidana
CONTEXT: About two-third of patients with mental, neurological, and substance use disorder in India do not get adequate treatment due to insufficient clinical facilities. In a country with diverse population such as India, no single model can be effective and each region needs to develop local system of service delivery unique to population needs. Community outreach clinics (COCs) being run by the department of psychiatry provide mental health services in the primary health-care setting...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192435/presumptive-risk-factors-for-monkeypox-in-rural-communities-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#7
Claire A Quiner, Cynthia Moses, Benjamin P Monroe, Yoshinori Nakazawa, Jeffrey B Doty, Christine M Hughes, Andrea M McCollum, Saturnin Ibata, Jean Malekani, Emile Okitolonda, Darin S Carroll, Mary G Reynolds
Monkeypox virus (MPXV), a close relative of Variola virus, is a zoonotic virus with an unknown reservoir. Interaction with infected wildlife, bites from peri-domestic animals, and bushmeat hunting are hypothesized routes of infection from wildlife to humans. Using a Risk Questionnaire, performed in monkeypox-affected areas of rural Democratic Republic of the Congo, we describe the lifestyles and demographics associated with presumptive risk factors for MPXV infection. We generated two indices to assess risk: Household Materials Index (HMI), a proxy for socioeconomic status of households and Risk Activity Index (RAI), which describes presumptive risk for animal-to-human transmission of MPXV...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192148/something-new-in-the-air-paying-for-community-based-environmental-approaches-to-asthma-prevention-and-control-work-group-report-of-the-practice-diagnostics-and-therapeutics-committee-of-the-american-academy-of-allergy-asthma-immunology
#8
Megan M Tschudy, Joshua Sharfstein, Elizabeth Matsui, Charles S Barnes, Stacey Chacker, Rosa Codina, John R Cohn, Megan Sandel, H James Wedner
Despite the recommendation in national asthma guidelines to target indoor environmental exposures, most insurers generally have not covered the outreach, education, environmental assessments, or durable goods integral to home environmental interventions. Emerging payment approaches, however, offer new potential for coverage of home-based environmental intervention costs. These opportunities are becoming available as public and private insurers shift reimbursement to reward better health outcomes and their key characteristic is a focus on the value rather than the volume of services...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183852/incarceration-and-exposure-to-internally-displaced-persons-camps-associated-with-reproductive-rights-abuses-among-sex-workers-in-northern-uganda
#9
Margaret Erickson, Shira M Goldenberg, Monica Akello, Godfrey Muzaaya, Paul Nguyen, Josephine Birungi, Kate Shannon
BACKGROUND: While female sex workers (FSWs) face a high burden of violence and criminalisation, coupled with low access to safe, non-coercive care, little is known about such experiences among FSWs in conflict-affected settings, particularly as they relate to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and rights. We explored factors associated with lifetime abortions among FSWs in northern Uganda; and separately modelled the independent effect of lifetime exposures to incarceration and living in internally displaced persons (IDP) camps on coerced and unsafe abortions...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181290/community-based-flu-outreach-clinics-in-south-los-angeles-client-satisfaction-and-experiences
#10
Zahra Mobasher, Lisa V Smith, Ashley Stegall, Deanna Bressler-Montgomery, Daniela Dominguez, Jan King, Douglas Frye, Jennifer Piron, Leila Family, Tony Kuo
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to better understand and improve influenza vaccination in low-income populations regardless of their health insurance/immigration status. It assessed client satisfaction and experiences with services provided at community-based "flu outreach" clinics in South Los Angeles. The clinics represent a community-public agency partnership-a model of vaccine delivery that was relatively novel to the region. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: During 2011-2012, a self-administered questionnaire was distributed to clients of the local health department's 39 flu outreach clinics in South Los Angeles...
February 9, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177954/global-immunizations-health-promotion-and-disease-prevention-worldwide
#11
Janelle L B Macintosh, Lacey M Eden, Karlen E Luthy, Aimee E Schouten
BACKGROUND: Immunizations are one of the most important health interventions of the 20th century, yet people in many areas of the world do not receive adequate immunizations. Approximately 3 million people worldwide die every year from vaccine-preventable diseases; about half of these deaths are young children and infants. Global travel is more common; diseases that were once localized now can be found in communities around the world. PROBLEM: Multiple barriers to immunizations have been identified...
February 7, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176158/health-insurance-challenges-in-the-post-affordable-care-act-aca-era-a-qualitative-study-of-the-perspective-of-low-income-people-of-color-in-metropolitan-detroit
#12
Minal R Patel, Alison Jensen, Erminia Ramirez, Madiha Tariq, Ian Lang, Theresa Kowalski-Dobson, Joslyn Pettway, Michelle Famulare, Richard Lichtenstein
Low-income people of color are at risk of remaining uninsured due to a variety of factors. This study examined Affordable Care Act (ACA)-related and other health insurance enrollment experiences, observations, navigation needs, and experiences maintaining health insurance coverage among low-income communities of color in an economically disadvantaged community (Metropolitan Detroit). We conducted nine focus groups (n = 87) between May and June 2015. Participants were recruited through community-based organizations serving our key populations of interest...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167589/trypanosoma-cruzi-agent-of-chagas-disease-in-sympatric-human-and-dog-populations-in-colonias-of-the-lower-rio-grande-valley-of-texas
#13
Rachel Curtis-Robles, Italo B Zecca, Valery Roman-Cruz, Ester S Carbajal, Lisa D Auckland, Isidore Flores, Ann V Millard, Sarah A Hamer
The zoonotic, vector-borne parasite Trypanosoma cruzi causes Chagas disease throughout the Americas, but human and veterinary health burdens in the United States are unknown. We conducted a cross-sectional prevalence study in indigent, medically underserved human and cohabiting canine populations of seven south Texas border communities, known as colonias. Defining positivity as those samples that were positive on two or more independent tests, we found 1.3% seroprevalence in 233 humans, including one child born in the United States with only short-duration travel to Mexico...
February 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167567/environmental-and-psychosocial-barriers-to-and-benefits-of-cervical-cancer-screening-in-kenya
#14
Natasha Buchanan Lunsford, Kathleen Ragan, Judith Lee Smith, Mona Saraiya, Millicent Aketch
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer in females and is a leading cause of cancer-related mortality in Kenya; limited cervical cancer screening services may be a factor. Few studies have examined men's and women's perceptions on environmental and psychosocial barriers and benefits related to screening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2014, 60 women aged 25-49 years and 40 male partners participated in 10 focus groups (6 female and 4 male), in both rural and urban settings (Nairobi and Nyanza, Kenya), to explore perceptions about barriers to and benefits of cervical cancer screening...
February 6, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165683/women-reigious-unite-to-eradicate-trafficking
#15
Ann Victory, Ann Oestreich
The history of women's religious congregations is a history of addressing unmet needs. The founders and foundresses of our communities read the signs of their times and gathered women together to serve God and God's most vulneiable people. When the Second Vatican Council invited us to re-examine our founding charisms in light of the needs of our times, we rediscovered our own preferential option for those who are poor, often with a special care for women and children. While we continued to engage in traditional minis- tries serving the people of God without distinction, we expanded our outreach through social services, pastoral ministries and work for social justice and systemic change...
July 2016: Health Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160735/differential-access-to-syringe-exchange-and-other-prevention-activities-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-rural-and-urban-areas-of-puerto-rico
#16
Melissa Welch-Lazoritz, Patrick Habecker, Kirk Dombrowski, Angelica Rivera Villegas, Carmen Ana Davila, Yadira Rolón Colón, Sandra Miranda De León
BACKGROUND: Injection drug use and its associated blood-borne infections has become a rapidly increasing problem in rural areas of the US recently. Syringe exchange programs have been shown to be effective for reducing transmission of blood borne infections, however access to these prevention efforts may be limited in rural areas. METHODS: This paper utilizes two separate community samples of people who inject drugs (PWID) in Puerto Rico to achieve the following research objectives: (1) compare rural and urban access to syringe exchange programs, free sterile syringes and other HIV/HCV prevention activities, and (2) examine whether utilization of prevention activities is associated with lower injection risk behaviors...
February 1, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156483/impact-of-financial-burden-on-information-and-opportunity-for-cancer-ca-patients-pts-participation-par-in-clinical-trials-cts
#17
Dana Dornsife
: 166 Background: The degree to which cancer caused financial problems may influence ca pts par in cts and negatively impact quality of life (QoL). Financial burden of cts par, may include finding an appropriate trial, traveling to the trial site, paying for travel, lodging and some medical expenses. The Lazarex Cancer Foundation (LCF) was founded in 2006 with mission to improve care, giving hope, dignity, and life to advanced ca pts by providing assistance with options and costs to cts par, community outreach, and education...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155323/disaggregated-data-to-improve-child-health-outcomes
#18
Ann M E T Tshabalala, Myra Taylor
BACKGROUND: The District Health Information System was developed in South Africa to collect aggregated routine data from public health facilities. In Amajuba District, KwaZulu-Natal, ward-based data collection has been initiated to facilitate improved responsiveness to community health needs and improve health outcomes and patient satisfaction. AIM: To assess the application of the municipal ward-based health data in the decision-making process to improve child health outcomes...
December 2, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146586/making-the-continuum-of-care-work-for-mothers-and-infants-does-gender-equity-matter-findings-from-a-quasi-experimental-study-in-bihar-india
#19
Lotus McDougal, Yamini Atmavilas, Katherine Hay, Jay G Silverman, Usha K Tarigopula, Anita Raj
BACKGROUND: Improvements in continuum of care (CoC) utilization are needed to address inadequate reductions in neonatal and infant mortality in India and elsewhere. This study examines the effect of Ananya, a health system training and community outreach intervention, on reproductive, maternal and newborn health continuum of care (RMNH CoC) utilization in Bihar, India, and explores whether that effect is moderated by gender equity factors (child marriage, restricted mobility and low decision-making control)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143465/hiv-testing-and-prevention-among-foreign-born-men-who-have-sex-with-men-an-online-survey-from-sweden
#20
Susanne Strömdahl, Fredrik Liljeros, Anna Ekéus Thorson, Kristina Ingemarsdotter Persson, Birger C Forsberg
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing trend toward international migration worldwide. With it comes a challenge for public health and public funded health care systems to meet the migrating population's health needs. Men who have sex with men are a key population for HIV, contributing an estimated 42% of new HIV cases in Europe in 2013. HIV monitoring data suggest that foreign-born MSM are not only exposed to a high risk of HIV before migration but also while living in Sweden. The aim of this study is to examine HIV testing prevalence and uptake of HIV prevention interventions among foreign-born MSM living in Sweden...
January 31, 2017: BMC Public Health
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