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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726795/a-retrospective-analysis-of-hypertension-screening-at-a-mass-gathering-in-india-implications-for-non-communicable-disease-control-strategies
#1
S Balsari, P Vemulapalli, M Gofine, K Oswal, R Merchant, S Saunik, G Greenough, T Khanna
Cardiovascular disease is the leading case of mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCD) in India. The government's National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke seeks to increase capacity building, screening, referral and management of NCDs across India, and includes community-based outreach and screening programmes. The government in India routinely provides basic care at religious mass gatherings. However, in 2015, at the Kumbh Mela in Nashik and Trimbakeshwar, the state government extended its services to include a hypertension screening programme...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724460/health-and-well-being-promotion-strategies-for-hard-to-reach-older-people-in-england-a-mapping-exercise
#2
Steve Iliffe, Kate Walters, Jill Manthorpe, Claire Goodman, Kalpa Kharicha
BACKGROUND: Older people from deprived areas, the oldest old and those from ethnic minorities engage less in health promotion interventions and related research, potentially generating inequities. Aim To explore and map the extent to which such 'hard to reach' groups of older people, are the focus of local health and well-being strategies in England. METHODS: Document analysis of current health and well-being promotion strategies in a purposive sample of 10 localities in England with high proportions of some or all of the three hard to reach groups...
July 20, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724399/health-needs-access-to-healthcare-and-perceptions-of-ageing-in-an-urbanizing-community-in-india-a-qualitative-study
#3
Nandita Bhan, Pavitra Madhira, Arundati Muralidharan, Bharati Kulkarni, Gvs Murthy, Sanjay Basu, Sanjay Kinra
BACKGROUND: India's elderly population is rising at an unprecedented rate, with a majority living in rural areas. Health challenges associated with ageing, changing social networks and limited public health infrastructure are issues faced by the elderly and caregivers. We examined perceptions of health needs of the elderly across local stakeholders in an urbanizing rural area. METHODS: The qualitative study was conducted among participants in the Andhra Pradesh Children and Parents Study (APCAPS) site in Rangareddy district, Telangana...
July 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722250/residential-age-care-and-domiciliary-oral-health-services-reach-oht-the-development-of-a-metropolitan-oral-health-programme-in-sydney-australia
#4
F A Clive Wright, Garry Law, Steven K-Y Chu, John S Cullen, David G Le Couteur
OBJECTIVE: To describe an oral health care programme for older people in Residential Aged Care Facilities (RACFs) to improve access to care and support facilities. INTRODUCTION: Different models of residential care have been proposed, but few have been comprehensive (providing on-site health promotion and service delivery) or sustainable. METHODS: A partnership model of oral health care, with dental services plus oral health education, was integrated into the community outreach services of a metropolitan hospital department of aged care...
July 19, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720090/-we-and-the-nurses-are-now-working-with-one-voice-how-community-leaders-and-health-committee-members-describe-their-role-in-sierra-leone-s-ebola-response
#5
Shannon A McMahon, Lara S Ho, Kerry Scott, Hannah Brown, Laura Miller, Ruwan Ratnayake, Rashid Ansumana
BACKGROUND: Across low-income settings, community volunteers and health committee members support the formal health system - both routinely and amid emergencies - by engaging in health services such as referrals and health education. During the 2014-2015 Ebola epidemic, emerging reports suggest that community engagement was instrumental in interrupting transmission. Nevertheless, literature regarding community volunteers' roles during emergencies generally, and Ebola specifically, is scarce...
July 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719395/closing-the-gap-in-cochlear-implant-access-for-african-americans-a-story-of-outreach-and-collaboration-by-our-cochlear-implant-program
#6
Sheree Sims, Lisa Houston, Ivy Schweinzger, Ravi N Samy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Minorities often lag behind in hearing loss evaluation and treatment. Our cochlear implant program aimed to identify the socioeconomic and cultural barriers that prevented our African-American cochlear implant candidates from seeking help for their hearing loss, specifically cochlear implant surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Our pilot study surveyed 11 African-Americans with cochlear implants and identified obstacles that included patient-physician mistrust, social stigma, financial cost, and lack of education about the devices and procedures...
July 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712350/defining-peer-roles-and-status-among-community-health-workers-and-peer-support-specialists-in-integrated-systems-of-care
#7
Allen S Daniels, Sue Bergeson, Keris Jän Myrick
Current strategies for integrating general medical and behavioral health services focus primarily on improving the coordination of care and expanding team-based services. Absent from most discussion has been a focus on the workforces that provide the bulk of community-based outreach, engagement, activation, motivational support, and self-management: community health workers (CHWs) and peer support specialists (PSSs). CHWs have primarily been deployed in general medical care and PSSs in behavioral health care...
July 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705151/cost-and-yield-considerations-when-expanding-recruitment-for-genetic-studies-the-primary-open-angle-african-american-glaucoma-genetics-study
#8
Rebecca Salowe, Laura O'Keefe, Sayaka Merriam, Roy Lee, Naira Khachatryan, Prithvi Sankar, Eydie Miller-Ellis, Amanda Lehman, Victoria Addis, Windell Murphy, Jeffrey Henderer, Maureen Maguire, Joan O'Brien
BACKGROUND: African Americans have been historically under-represented in genetic studies. More research is needed on effective recruitment strategies for this population, especially on approaches that supplement traditional clinic enrollment. This study evaluates the cost and efficacy of four supplemental recruitment methods employed by the Primary Open-Angle African American Glaucoma Genetics (POAAGG) study. METHODS: After enrolling 2304 patients from University of Pennsylvania ophthalmology clinics, the POAAGG study implemented four new recruitment methods to supplement clinic enrollment...
July 14, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701459/staff-perceptions-of-community-health-centre-team-function-in-ontario
#9
Jennifer Rayner, Laura Muldoon
OBJECTIVE: To examine perceptions of different staff groups about team functioning in mature, community-governed, interprofessional primary health care practices. DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey. SETTING: The 75 community health centres (CHCs) in Ontario at the time of the study, which have cared for people with barriers to access to traditional health services in community-governed, interprofessional settings, providing medical, social, and community services since the 1970s...
July 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693490/intentions-and-experiences-of-effective-practice-in-mental-health-specific-supported-accommodation-services-a-qualitative-interview-study
#10
Sima Sandhu, Stefan Priebe, Gerard Leavey, Isobel Harrison, Joanna Krotofil, Peter McPherson, Sarah Dowling, Maurice Arbuthnott, Sarah Curtis, Michael King, Geoff Shepherd, Helen Killaspy
BACKGROUND: Deinstitutionalisation in Europe has led to the development of community-based accommodation for people with mental health problems. The type, setting, and intensity of support provided vary and the costs are substantial. Yet, despite the large investment in these services, there is little clarity on their aims and outcomes or how they are regarded by staff and the clients. METHODS: We interviewed 30 staff and 30 clients from the three main types of supported accommodation in England (residential care, supported housing, floating outreach) to explore their perspectives on the purpose of these services, and the components of care considered most helpful...
July 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691736/civic-science-for-public-use-mind-in-the-making-and-vroom
#11
Ellen Galinsky, Jackie Bezos, Megan McClelland, Stephanie M Carlson, Philip D Zelazo
Mind in the Making and Vroom are partner initiatives that exemplify a unique "civic science" approach to "bringing developmental science into the world." Mind in the Making offers families and professionals working with children 0-8 access to developmental research, by engaging them in an active process of professional development and community outreach. Vroom is an outreach and communication initiative that brings "brain building basics" to communities, inviting parents to participate in the science of early learning through partnerships with trusted entities...
July 10, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691677/feasibility-of-a-lifestyle-redesign-%C3%A2-inspired-intervention-for-well-older-adults
#12
Theresa B Cassidy, Lorie Gage Richards, Aaron M Eakman
OBJECTIVE: We examined the feasibility of Aging Well by Design, a Lifestyle Redesign(®)-inspired intervention for community-dwelling older adults. The original Lifestyle Redesign program was shortened to 3 mo and implemented as a community outreach program of a major health care system. METHOD: Community-dwelling older adults participated in the 12-wk program, which emphasized an occupational approach to healthy aging. Outcomes evaluated were recruitment, attendance, resource use, participant satisfaction, and subjective benefit to participants...
July 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691003/leadership-development-of-rehabilitation-professionals-in-a-low-resource-country-a-transformational-leadership-project-based-model
#13
Maureen Romanow Pascal, Monika Mann, Kim Dunleavy, Julia Chevan, Liliane Kirenga, Assuman Nuhu
BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE: This paper presents an overview of the activities and outcomes of the Leadership Institute (LI), a short-term leadership development professional development course offered to physiotherapists in a low-resource country. Previous studies have provided examples of the benefits of such programs in medicine and nursing, but this has yet to be documented in the rehabilitation literature. The prototype of leadership development presented may provide guidance for similar trainings in other low-resource countries and offer the rehabilitation community an opportunity to build on the model to construct a research agenda around rehabilitation leadership development...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688969/the-steinberg-centre-for-simulation-and-interactive-learning-at-mcgill-university
#14
Carmen L Mueller, Genevieve Cyr, Ilana Bank, Farhan Bhanji, Laura Birnbaum, Miriam Boillat, Marie-Eve Bolduc, Jeffrey Chankowsky, Evelyn Constantin, Beth-Ann Cummings, Rachel Fisher, Philippe Legault, N Hugo Marchand, Luis Monton, Teresa Rudkin, Bayane Sabsabi, Niki Soilis, Daniel Zigman, Rajesh Aggarwal
Simulation allows for learner-centered health professions training by providing a safe environment to practice and make mistakes without jeopardizing patient care. It was with this goal in mind that the McGill Medical Simulation Center was officially opened on September 14, 2006, as a partnership between McGill University, the Faculty of Medicine and its affiliated hospitals. Its mandate is to provide state-of-the-art facilities to support simulation-based medical and allied health education initiatives. Since its inception, the center, recently renamed the Steinberg Center for Simulation and Interactive Learning (SCSIL), has undergone a major expansion and logged more than 130,000 learner visits...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688939/mapping-geospatial-gaps-in-early-identification-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Pamela B DeGuzman, Paige Altrui, Marcus Allen, Cornelia Ramsey Deagle, Jessica Keim-Malpass
Despite the known developmental benefits of early intervention for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), diagnosis before age 5 years is often not achieved. Research suggests that lack of health insurance and living in rural areas and areas of severe provider shortages contribute significantly to these delays. The purpose of this project was to conduct a geospatial evaluation of potential gaps in early ASD diagnosis of uninsured children in Virginia. A secondary purpose was to show the use of geospatial analysis by pediatric nurse practitioners for policy advocacy...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686473/improving-outcomes-for-homeless-people-with-alcohol-disorders-a-multi-program-community-based-approach
#16
Gary A Morse, Mary M York, Nathaniel Dell, Julie Blanco, Chelsea Birchmier
BACKGROUND: Relatively few community-based programs have been found to be helpful for homeless people with alcohol disorders, even though this group represents a high-risk, vulnerable population prone to poor outcomes. AIMS: This study sought to implement and evaluate intensive community-based programs for homeless people with alcohol disorders. METHOD: The project worked closely with a homeless outreach team for referrals, and then provided two different, intensive substance abuse treatment approaches matched to the needs of two subgroups: homeless individuals with alcohol disorders without severe mental illness received community reinforcement approach (CRA) and case management services, while those with alcohol and severe mental illness were assigned to assertive community treatment and integrated dual disorders (ACT/IDDT) services...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685044/comprehensive-review-of-the-evidence-regarding-the-effectiveness-of-community-based-primary-health-care-in-improving-maternal-neonatal-and-child-health-6-strategies-used-by-effective-projects
#17
Henry B Perry, Emma Sacks, Meike Schleiff, Richard Kumapley, Sundeep Gupta, Bahie M Rassekh, Paul A Freeman
BACKGROUND: As part of our review of the evidence of the effectiveness of community-based primary health care (CBPHC) in improving maternal, neonatal and child health (MNCH), we summarize here the common delivery strategies of projects, programs and field research studies (collectively referred to as projects) that have demonstrated effectiveness in improving child mortality. Other articles in this series address specifically the effects of CBPHC on improving MNCH, while this paper explores the specific strategies used...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685040/comprehensive-review-of-the-evidence-regarding-the-effectiveness-of-community-based-primary-health-care-in-improving-maternal-neonatal-and-child-health-2-maternal-health-findings
#18
Mary Carol Jennings, Subarna Pradhan, Meike Schleiff, Emma Sacks, Paul A Freeman, Sundeep Gupta, Bahie M Rassekh, Henry B Perry
BACKGROUND: We summarize the findings of assessments of projects, programs, and research studies (collectively referred to as projects) included in a larger review of the effectiveness of community-based primary health care (CBPHC) in improving maternal, neonatal and child health (MNCH). Findings on neonatal and child health are reported elsewhere in this series. METHODS: We searched PUBMED and other databases through December 2015, and included assessments that underwent data extraction...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681518/the-beliefs-and-willingness-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-to-comply-with-a-one-year-blood-donation-deferral-policy-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Walter Liszewski, Christopher Terndrup, Nicole R Jackson, Sarah Helland, Bridget C Lavin
BACKGROUND: In 2016, the US Food and Drug Administration ended the lifetime blood donation deferral for men who have sex with men (MSM) and replaced it with a 1-year deferral period. It is currently unknown how many MSM may meet the new deferral policy and how many are willing to comply with it. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: An anonymous survey was shared on MSM-focused social media sites between May and July 2016 and enrolled self-identified American MSM who were at least 18 years old...
July 5, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679815/increasing-veterans-hospice-use-the-veterans-health-administration-s-focus-on-improving-end-of-life-care
#20
Susan C Miller, Orna Intrator, Winifred Scott, Scott T Shreve, Ciaran S Phibbs, Bruce Kinosian, Richard M Allman, Thomas E Edes
In 2009 the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) began a major, four-year investment in improving the quality of end-of-life care. The Comprehensive End of Life Care Initiative increased the numbers of VA medical center inpatient hospice units and palliative care staff members as well as the amount of palliative care training, quality monitoring, and community outreach. We divided male veterans ages sixty-six and older into categories based on their use of the VA and Medicare and examined whether the increases in their rates of hospice use in the last year of life differed from the concurrent increase among similar nonveterans enrolled in Medicare...
July 1, 2017: Health Affairs
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