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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340193/addressing-structural-barriers-to-hiv-care-among-triply-diagnosed-adults-project-bridge-oakland
#1
Christina Powers, Megan Comfort, Andrea M Lopez, Alex H Kral, Owen Murdoch, Jennifer Lorvick
People who are "triply diagnosed" with HIV, mental health issues, and substance-related disorders face tremendous barriers connecting to and remaining in HIV care. Authors of this article implemented Project Bridge Oakland (PBO), an intervention based on harm reduction and trauma-informed care, to help maintain continuity of care for triply diagnosed adults through cycles of criminal justice involvement. From August 2011 to December 2014, a clinical social worker and an HIV physician provided intensive case management for 19 clients living in Oakland, California...
March 14, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326107/factors-related-to-noncompliance-in-screening-and-tracking-mild-cognitive-impairment-patients-in-a-single-community
#2
Chanmin Park, Won Sub Kang, Jong Woo Kim, Jong-Woo Paik, Young Jong Kim, Jun Hee Jeon, Mee Ae Lee, Jae Gwang Kim, Ji Young Song
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the cumulative conversion rates (CCR) from minor cognitive impairment (MCI) to dementia among individuals who failed to participate in annual screening for dementia. Additionally, we analyzed the reasons for failing to receive follow-up screening in order to develop better strategies for improving follow-up screening rates. METHODS: We contacted MCI patients who had not visited the Dongdaemun-gu Center for Dementia for annual screening during the year following their registration...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319338/management-of-us-men-women-and-children-with-hemophilia-and-methods-and-demographics-of-the-bridging-hemophilia-b-experiences-results-and-opportunities-into-solutions-b-hero-s-study
#3
Tyler W Buckner, Michelle Witkop, Christine Guelcher, Mary Jane Frey, Susan Hunter, Skye Peltier, Michael Recht, Christopher Walsh, Craig M Kessler, Wendy Owens, David B Clark, Neil Frick, Michelle Rice, Neeraj N Iyer, Natalia Holot, David L Cooper, Robert Sidonio
The Bridging Hemophilia B Experiences, Results and Opportunities Into Solutions (B-HERO-S) initiative was launched in an effort to address specific gaps in the understanding of the psychosocial impact of mild-moderate-severe hemophilia B. The original Hemophilia Experiences, Results and Opportunities (HERO) qualitative study evaluated the needs of people with hemophilia A or B in multiple countries; however, a majority of participants had the more common moderate-severe hemophilia A. The B-HERO-S study was designed in collaboration with the hemophilia community to evaluate the needs of adults with hemophilia B and caregivers of children with hemophilia B, including affected women and caregivers of girls with hemophilia...
April 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318343/enduring-consequences-from-the-war-on-drugs-how-policing-practices-impact-hiv-risk-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-baltimore-city
#4
Natalie Flath, Karin Tobin, Kelly King, Alexandra Lee, Carl Latkin
BACKGROUND: Neighborhood-level characteristics, including police activity, are associated with HIV and Hepatitis C injection risk-behaviors among people who inject drugs (PWID). However, the pathways through which these neighborhood perceptions shape individual-level HIV risk behaviors are unclear. This study helps to explain perceived behaviors between perceived neighborhood police activity and HIV injection risk behavior (i.e., injection syringe/tool sharing in the previous 6 months)...
March 20, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301609/community-health-worker-perspectives-on-a-new-primary-health-care-initiative-in-the-eastern-cape-of-south-africa
#5
Katherine Austin-Evelyn, Miriam Rabkin, Tonderayi Macheka, Anthony Mutiti, Judith Mwansa-Kambafwile, Thomas Dlamini, Wafaa M El-Sadr
BACKGROUND: In 2010, South Africa's National Department of Health launched a national primary health care (PHC) initiative to strengthen health promotion, disease prevention, and early disease detection. The strategy, called Re-engineering Primary Health Care (rPHC), aims to provide a preventive and health-promoting community-based PHC model. A key component of rPHC is the use of community-based outreach teams staffed by generalist community health workers (CHWs). METHODS: We conducted focus group discussions and surveys on the knowledge and attitudes of 91 CHWs working on community-based rPHC teams in the King Sabata Dalindyebo (KSD) sub-district of Eastern Cape Province...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295831/factors-influencing-resident-choice-of-prosthodontic-residency-program
#6
Pandora Keala Lee Wojnarwsky, Yan Wang, Kumar Shah, Sreenivas Koka
PURPOSE: The decision by prosthodontic residency program directors to employ the Match process highlights the need to understand applicant priorities that influence their choice of which programs to rank highly. The purpose of this study is to determine the factors that were most important to residents when choosing from among nonmilitary based prosthodontics dental residency programs in the United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following completion of a pilot study, all currently enrolled prosthodontic residents at nonmilitary residency programs were invited to participate via the internet...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295794/alcohol-and-disadvantaged-men-a-feasibility-trial-of-an-intervention-delivered-by-mobile-phone
#7
Iain K Crombie, Linda Irvine, Donald W Falconer, Brian Williams, Ian W Ricketts, Claire Jones, Gerry Humphris, John Norrie, Peter Slane, Peter Rice
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Disadvantaged men suffer substantial harm from heavy drinking. This feasibility study developed and evaluated the methods for a trial of a brief intervention delivered by text messages to disadvantaged men. It aimed to test the methods for recruitment and retention, to monitor engagement with the intervention and assess the overall acceptability of study methods. DESIGN AND METHODS: Disadvantaged men aged 25-44 years who had ≥2 episodes of binge drinking (≥8 units in one session) in the preceding month were recruited...
March 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293422/regional-disparities-in-immunization-services-in-ghana-through-a-bottleneck-analysis-approach-implications-for-sustaining-national-gains-in-immunization
#8
A E Yawson, G Bonsu, L K Senaya, A O Yawson, J B Eleeza, J K Awoonor-Williams, H K Banskota, E E A Agongo
BACKGROUND: Immunization is considered one of the most cost effective public health interventions for reducing child morbidity, mortality and disability. The aim of this work is to describe the application of the Bottleneck analysis (BNA) process to assess gaps in immunization services in Ghana and implications for sustaining the gains in Immunization coverage. METHODS: A national assessment was conducted in May 2015, through use of desk reviews, field visits and key informant interviews...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280872/interventions-to-mitigate-the-effects-of-poverty-and-inequality-on-mental-health
#9
REVIEW
Kristian Wahlbeck, Johanna Cresswell-Smith, Peija Haaramo, Johannes Parkkonen
PURPOSE: To review psychosocial and policy interventions which mitigate the effects of poverty and inequality on mental health. METHODS: Systematic reviews, controlled trials and realist evaluations of the last 10 years are reviewed, without age or geographical restrictions. RESULTS: Effective psychosocial interventions on individual and family level, such as parenting support programmes, exist. The evidence for mental health impact of broader community-based interventions, e...
March 9, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275087/community-health-workers-as-social-marketers-of-injectable-contraceptives-a-case-study-from-ethiopia
#10
REVIEW
Karen Weidert, Amanuel Gessessew, Suzanne Bell, Hagos Godefay, Ndola Prata
Ethiopia has made notable progress in increasing awareness and knowledge of family planning and is considered a success story among funders and program planners. Yet unmet need among rural women (28.6%) is almost double that of urban women (15.5%), with a wide gap in total fertility rate depending on urban (2.6) or rural (5.5) residence. This study investigates the impact of a service delivery model that combines community-based distribution (CBD) of contraception with social marketing in Tigray, Ethiopia, to create a more sustainable approach to CBD...
March 8, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268950/a-case-study-for-integrated-stem-outreach-in-an-urban-setting-using-a-do-it-yourself-vertical-jump-measurement-platform
#11
John F Drazan, Heather Danielsen, Matthew Vercelletto, Amy Loya, James Davis, Ron Eglash
The purpose of this study was to develop and deploy a low cost vertical jump platform using readily available materials for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education and outreach in the inner city. The platform was used to measure the jumping ability of participants to introduce students to the collection and analysis of scientific data in an engaging, accessible manner. This system was designed and fabricated by a student team of engineers as part of a socially informed engineering and design class...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257886/effects-of-payment-for-performance-on-accountability-mechanisms-evidence-from-pwani-tanzania
#12
Iddy Mayumana, Jo Borghi, Laura Anselmi, Masuma Mamdani, Siri Lange
Payment for Performance (P4P) aims to improve provider motivation to perform better, but little is known about the effects of P4P on accountability mechanisms. We examined the effect of P4P in Tanzania on internal and external accountability mechanisms. We carried out 93 individual in-depth interviews, 9 group interviews and 19 Focus Group Discussions in five intervention districts in three rounds of data collection between 2011 and 2013. We carried out surveys in 150 health facilities across Pwani region and four control districts, and interviewed 200 health workers, before the scheme was introduced and 13 months later...
February 20, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257462/consumer-providers-experiences-of-recovery-and-concerns-as-members-of-a-psychiatric-multidisciplinary-outreach-team-a-qualitative-descriptive-study-from-the-japan-outreach-model-project-2011-2014
#13
Yoshifumi Kido, Mami Kayama
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to clarify consumer providers (CPs) subjective experiences as members of a psychiatric multidisciplinary outreach team that provided services to individuals with a mental illness living in the community. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study was conducted through semi-structured interviews. Participants were clients hired as CPs in the Japanese Outreach Model Project from September 2011 until March 2014. Of the seventeen CPs, nine participated in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248631/working-together-to-connect-care-a-metropolitan-tertiary-emergency-department-and-community-care-program
#14
Debra Harcourt, Clancy McDonald, Leonie Cartlidge-Gann, John Burke
Objective Frequent attendance by people to an emergency department (ED) is a global concern. A collaborative partnership between an ED and the primary and community healthcare sectors has the potential to improve care for the person who frequently attends the ED. The aims of the Working Together to Connect Care program are to decrease the number of presentations by providing focused community support and to integrate all healthcare services with the goal of achieving positive, patient-centred and directed outcomes...
March 2, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241865/utilization-of-outreach-immunization-services-among-children-in-hoima-district-uganda-a-cluster-survey
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
Paul Oryema, Juliet N Babirye, Charles Baguma, Peter Wasswa, David Guwatudde
BACKGROUND: The global vaccine action plan 2011-2020 was endorsed by 194 states to equitably extend the benefits of immunization to all people. However, gaps in vaccination coverage remain in developing countries such as Uganda. One of the strategies used to tackle existing inequities is implementation of outreach immunization services to deliver services to those with poor geographical access. However, reports of inconsistent use of these services prevail; therefore understanding the factors associated with use of these services is critical for improving service delivery...
February 27, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238995/assessment-of-barriers-to-essential-surgical-care-in-two-communities-in-the-upper-west-region-ghana
#16
Adam Gyedu, Godfred Boakye, Charles K Dally, Anita Eseenam Agbeko, Francis A Abantanga, Adam L Kushner, Barclay T Stewart
Systematic assessments of individual-and community-level barriers to surgical care (BSC) in low-and middle-income countries that might inform potential interventions are lacking. We used a novel tool to assess BSC systematically during a surgical outreach in two communities in Upper West region, Ghana. Results were scored in three dimensions of barriers to care (acceptability, affordability, and accessibility); higher dimension scores signified less salient barriers. A total index out of 10 was derived. In total, 169 individuals participated in Nadowli (68, 40%) and in Nandom (101, 60%)...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238985/lessons-from-a-broad-based-aca-outreach-effort-promises-and-pitfalls
#17
Tami Gurley-Calvez, Jessica Hembree, Jane Mosley, Tracey LaPierre, Misbah Aslam, Emily V Jones, Mary Zimmerman
The Marketplace Coverage Initiative (MCI) sought to expand awareness and ACA Marketplace enrollment in the greater Kansas City Area. The MCI was evaluated through interviews, surveys, and focus groups. Two main findings are particularly relevant for future Marketplace enrollment efforts. First, the link between contacting someone and actual enrollment is tenuous as follow-up is challenging. Outreach efforts that only track contacts, such as appointments and email addresses, lack information needed to assess enrollment...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227156/a-case-study-for-integrated-stem-outreach-in-an-urban-setting-using-a-do-it-yourself-vertical-jump-measurement-platform
#18
John F Drazan, Heather Danielsen, Matthew Vercelletto, Amy Loya, James Davis, Ron Eglash, John F Drazan, Heather Danielsen, Matthew Vercelletto, Amy Loya, James Davis, Ron Eglash, Heather Danielsen, Ron Eglash, John F Drazan, Matthew Vercelletto, Amy Loya, James Davis
The purpose of this study was to develop and deploy a low cost vertical jump platform using readily available materials for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education and outreach in the inner city. The platform was used to measure the jumping ability of participants to introduce students to the collection and analysis of scientific data in an engaging, accessible manner. This system was designed and fabricated by a student team of engineers as part of a socially informed engineering and design class...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222770/what-do-patients-with-diabetes-and-providers-think-of-an-innovative-australian-model-of-remote-diabetic-retinopathy-screening-a-qualitative-study
#19
Nicola M Glasson, Sarah L Larkins, Lisa J Crossland
BACKGROUND: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the commonest cause of preventable blindness in working age populations, but up to 98% of visual loss secondary to DR can be prevented with early detection and treatment. In 2012, an innovative outreach DR screening model was implemented in remote communities in a state of Australia. The aim of this study was to explore the acceptability of this unique DR screening model to patients, health professionals and other key stakeholders. METHODS: This descriptive qualitative study used semi-structured interviews with patients opportunistically recruited whilst attending DR screening, and purposefully selected health care professionals either working within or impacted by the programme...
February 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215379/promoting-teen-contraceptive-use-by-intervention-with-their-mothers
#20
Richard A Crosby, Tom Collins, Lindsay R Stradtman
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this pilot study was to test a community outreach model designed to help mothers in a rural, medically underserved area navigate their teen daughters to health department services for long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) or alternative contraception. METHODS: The pilot study used a single-group, post-test only design. Mothers of teen daughters (N=142) received a 1-hour, one-to-one intervention session (in outreach settings) from Community Liaisons...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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