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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917962/human-and-animal-health-surveys-among-pastoralists
#1
E Schelling, H Greter, H Kessely, M F Abakar, B N Ngandolo, L Crump, B Bold, J Kasymbekov, Z Baljinnyam, G Fokou, J Zinsstag, B Bonfoh, J Hattendorf, M Béchir
Valid human and livestock health surveys, including longitudinal follow-up, are feasible among mobile pastoralists and provide fundamental information to agencies for interventions that are responsive to realities and effective in addressing the needs of pastoralists. However, pastoralists are often excluded from studies, surveillance systems and health programmes. The occurrence of preventable and treatable diseases such as perinatal tetanus, measles and tuberculosis are indicative of limited access to health providers and information...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917376/evaluation-of-an-intervention-to-improve-essential-obstetric-and-newborn-care-access-and-quality-in-cotopaxi-ecuador
#2
Edward Broughton, Jorge Hermida, Kathleen Hill, Nancy Sloan, Mario Chavez, Daniel Gonzalez, Juana Maria Freire, Ximena Gudino
BACKGROUND: Despite improvements in health-care utilization, disadvantages persist among rural, less educated, and indigenous populations in Ecuador. The United States Agency for International Development-funded Cotopaxi Project created a provincial-level network of health services, including community agents to improve access, quality, and coordination of essential obstetric and newborn care. We evaluated changes in participating facilities compared to non-participating controls. METHODS: The 21 poorest parishes (third-level administrative unit) in Cotopaxi were targeted from 2010 to 2013 for a collaborative health system performance improvement...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911908/uptake-of-community-based-peer-administered-hiv-point-of-care-testing-findings-from-the-proud-study
#3
Lisa Lazarus, Sheetal Patel, Ashley Shaw, Sean Leblanc, Christine Lalonde, Manisha Hladio, Kira Mandryk, Cynthia Horvath, William Petrcich, Claire Kendall, Mark W Tyndall
OBJECTIVES: HIV prevalence among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Ottawa is estimated at about 10%. The successful integration of peers into outreach efforts and wider access to HIV point-of-care testing (POCT) create opportunities to explore the role of peers in providing HIV testing. The PROUD study, in partnership with Ottawa Public Health (OPH), sought to develop a model for community-based peer-administered HIV POCT. METHODS: PROUD draws on community-based participatory research methods to better understand the HIV risk environment of people who use drugs in Ottawa...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908899/undertreatment-of-people-with-major-depressive-disorder-in-21-countries
#4
Graham Thornicroft, Somnath Chatterji, Sara Evans-Lacko, Michael Gruber, Nancy Sampson, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Jordi Alonso, Laura Andrade, Guilherme Borges, Ronny Bruffaerts, Brendan Bunting, Jose Miguel Caldas de Almeida, Silvia Florescu, Giovanni de Girolamo, Oye Gureje, Josep Maria Haro, Yanling He, Hristo Hinkov, Elie Karam, Norito Kawakami, Sing Lee, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Marina Piazza, Jose Posada-Villa, Yolanda Torres de Galvis, Ronald C Kessler
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a leading cause of disability worldwide. AIMS: To examine the: (a) 12-month prevalence of DSM-IV MDD; (b) proportion aware that they have a problem needing treatment and who want care; (c) proportion of the latter receiving treatment; and (d) proportion of such treatment meeting minimal standards. METHOD: Representative community household surveys from 21 countries as part of the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys...
December 1, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906120/one-health-training-research-and-outreach-in-north-america
#5
REVIEW
Cheryl Stroud, Bruce Kaplan, Jenae E Logan, Gregory C Gray
BACKGROUND: The One Health (OH) concept, formerly referred to as 'One Medicine' in the later part of the 20th century, has gained exceptional popularity in the early 21st century, and numerous academic and non-academic institutions have developed One Health programs. OBJECTIVES: To summarize One Health training, research, and outreach activities originating in North America. METHODS: We used data from extensive electronic records maintained by the One Health Commission (OHC) (www...
2016: Infection Ecology & Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902900/sensitivity-and-specificity-estimation-for-the-clinical-diagnosis-of-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-in-the-egyptian-participatory-disease-surveillance-program
#6
C Verdugo, I El Masry, Y Makonnen, H Hannah, F Unger, M Soliman, S Galal, J Lubroth, D Grace
Many developing countries lack sufficient resources to conduct animal disease surveillance. In recent years, participatory epidemiology has been used to increase the cover and decrease the costs of surveillance. However, few diagnostic performance assessments have been carried out on participatory methods. The objective of the present study was to estimate the diagnostic performance of practitioners working for the Community-Based Animal Health and Outreach (CAHO) program, which is a participatory disease surveillance system for the detection of highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreaks in Egypt...
December 2016: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900501/a-comparison-of-home-based-versus-outreach-event-based-community-hiv-testing-in-ugandan-fisherfolk-communities
#7
Laura M Bogart, Glenn J Wagner, William Musoke, Rose Naigino, Sebastian Linnemayr, Emily Maistrellis, David J Klein, Riana B Jumamil, Barbara Mukasa, Ingrid V Bassett, Thomas P Giordano, Rhoda K Wanyenze
We compared two community-based HIV testing models among fisherfolk in Lake Victoria, Uganda. From May to July 2015, 1364 fisherfolk residents of one island were offered (and 822 received) home-based testing, and 344 fisherfolk on another island were offered testing during eight community mobilization events (outreach event-based testing). Of 207 home-based testing clients identified as HIV-positive (15% of residents), 82 were newly diagnosed, of whom 31 (38%) linked to care within 3 months. Of 41 who screened positive during event-based testing (12% of those tested), 33 were newly diagnosed, of whom 24 (75%) linked to care within 3 months...
November 29, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891413/cost-effective-recruitment-need-for-24x7-paediatricians-in-the-state-general-hospitals-in-relation-to-the-reduction-of-infant-mortality
#8
Ranjana Chatterjee, Sukanta Chatterjee
INTRODUCTION: According to World Health Organisation (WHO), improvement of hospital based care can have an impact of upto 30% in reducing Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), whereas, strengthening universal outreach and family-community based care is known to have a greater impact. The study intends to assess how far gaps in the public health facilities contribute towards infant mortality, as 2/3(rd) of infant mortality is due to suboptimum care seeking and weak health system. AIM: To identify cost-effectiveness of employment of additional paediatric manpower to provide round the clock skilled service to reduce IMR in the present state health facilities at the district general hospitals...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890975/prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-among-urban-sikh-population-of-amritsar
#9
Amrinder Singh, Shweta Shenoy, Jaspal Singh Sandhu
CONTEXT: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) refers to a group of common metabolic disorders that share the phenotype of Hyperglycemia. More than 60% of the world's population with diabetes comes from Asia. AIM: To study the prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus among Sikh individuals living in the urban localities of Amritsar. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The study was designed in the Faculty of Sports Medicine & Physiotherapy, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884337/using-community-outreach-to-explore-health-related-beliefs-and-improve-surgeon-patient-engagement
#10
Rebecca L Hoffman, Brenda Bryant, Steve R Allen, Major K Lee, Cary B Aarons, Rachel R Kelz
BACKGROUND: Fostering surgeon engagement in community outreach was recently identified as a major priority toward reducing health care disparities in surgery. We aimed to increase surgeon engagement in the local community, understand prevalent beliefs, and identify educational opportunities in the local community regarding cancer screening and treatment using community outreach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In collaboration with the university's cancer center, the medical student surgical interest group, surgical faculty, and residents developed a community outreach program...
December 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883197/cultivating-community-psychology-for-future-generations-symbiosis-synergy-and-separation
#11
Bret Kloos
As we near the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of a community psychology division of the American Psychological Association, there are reasons to be concerned about the sustainability of the field. This commentary proposes a need for deliberate, systematic efforts to cultivate settings that can sustain the field. A framework for outreach to build symbiotic relationships and synergistic collaborations with persons who do not identify as community psychologists is proposed. Simultaneously, a strategy of separation from other disciplines may be needed in some circumstances to conserve settings that sustain the field...
November 24, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875836/ageism-aging-and-hiv-community-responses-to-prevention-treatment-care-and-support
#12
Rosanna F DeMarco, Mark Brennan-Ing, Courtenay Sprague, Shelley M Brown
Ageism, in the form of prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination targeting older adults, represents a barrier to addressing the graying of the HIV epidemic. There is widespread misperception on the part of older adults themselves, as well as service providers and society in general that HIV risk is low as one ages. In addition, internalized ageism may play a role in poorer physical and mental health outcomes, as the negative stereotypes associated with aging become a self-fulfilling prophecy. A number of steps can be taken to address HIV and aging in the context of ageism with regard to: prevention, education, and outreach; treatment guidelines for older adults with HIV; funding to address the aging of the epidemic; engagement of communities, health and social service organizations, and other providers around mental health and social support, and addressing the needs of special populations...
2017: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871299/implementation-and-acceptability-of-strategies-instituted-for-engaging-men-in-family-planning-services-in-kibaha-district-tanzania
#13
Judith Msovela, Anna Tengia-Kessy
BACKGROUND: Men as the main decision makers in most of African families have an important role to play towards acceptance of family planning methods. This study sought to identify strategies used to engage men in family planning services and determine the extent to which men in Kibaha district in Tanzania accept these interventions. METHODS: We conducted a cross sectional study using both quantitative and qualitative techniques. We used a questionnaire to interview a random sample of 365 of currently married or cohabiting men who had at least one child under the age of five years...
November 21, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866338/reflections-on-serving-remote-mountain-communities-mobile-hospitals-and-women-s-and-children-s-health-care-in-northern-haiti
#14
Rose-Marie Chierici, Thony Michelet Voltaire
In 2003 Alyans Sante Borgne's (ASB) conducted the first week-long mobile hospital in Molas, a poor mountain community a 10-h walk from the main hospital in the town of Borgne in North Haiti. ASB is a partnership between Haiti Outreach-Pwoje Espwa (H.O.P.E.), a US-based NGO, and Haiti's Ministry of Health. The paper reflects on this first experience and the evolution of an indigenous model of health care delivery, Sante Nan Lakou (SNL)/Health at the Extended Family Level, a model that prioritizes the needs of patients over those of the institution...
November 19, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866066/terminate-lung-cancer-tlc-study-a-mixed-methods-population-approach-to-increase-lung-cancer-screening-awareness-and-low-dose-computed-tomography-in-eastern-kentucky
#15
Roberto Cardarelli, David Reese, Karen L Roper, Kathryn Cardarelli, Frances J Feltner, Jamie L Studts, Jennifer R Knight, Debra Armstrong, Anthony Weaver, Dana Shaffer
For low dose CT lung cancer screening to be effective in curbing disease mortality, efforts are needed to overcome barriers to awareness and facilitate uptake of the current evidence-based screening guidelines. A sequential mixed-methods approach was employed to design a screening campaign utilizing messages developed from community focus groups, followed by implementation of the outreach campaign intervention in two high-risk Kentucky regions. This study reports on rates of awareness and screening in intervention regions, as compared to a control region...
November 17, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829445/improving-early-childhood-care-and-development-hiv-testing-treatment-and-support-and-nutrition-in-mokhotlong-lesotho-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Mark Tomlinson, Sarah Skeen, Marguerite Marlow, Lucie Cluver, Peter Cooper, Lynne Murray, Shoeshoe Mofokeng, Nathene Morley, Moroesi Makhetha, Sarah Gordon, Tonya Esterhuizen, Lorraine Sherr
BACKGROUND: Since 1990, the lives of 48 million children under the age of 5 years have been saved because of increased investments in reducing child mortality. However, despite these unprecedented gains, 250 million children younger than 5 years in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) cannot meet their developmental potential due to poverty, poor health and nutrition, and lack of necessary stimulation and care. Lesotho has high levels of poverty, HIV, and malnutrition, all of which affect child development outcomes...
November 9, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825351/determining-the-spatial-heterogeneity-underlying-racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-timely-mammography-screening
#17
Joseph Gibbons, Melody K Schiaffino
BACKGROUND: The leading cause of cancer death for women worldwide continues to be breast cancer. Early detection through timely mammography has been recognized to increase the probability of survival. While mammography rates have risen for many women in recent years, disparities in screening along racial/ethnic lines persist across nations. In this paper, we argue that the role of local context, as identified through spatial heterogeneity, is an unexplored dynamic which explains some of the gaps in mammography utilization by race/ethnicity...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822159/evaluation-of-a-health-sciences-internship-for-latino-and-native-american-library-students
#18
Alla Keselman, Sanjana Quasem, Janice E Kelly, Gale A Dutcher
PURPOSE: This paper presents a qualitative evaluation of a graduate-level internship for Latino and Native American library science students or students who are interested in serving those populations. METHODS: The authors analyzed semi-structured interviews with thirteen internship program graduates or participants. RESULTS: The analysis suggests that the program increased participants' interest in health sciences librarianship and led to improved career opportunities, both in health sciences libraries and other libraries with health information programming...
October 2016: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818431/training-medical-students-for-rural-underserved-areas-a-rural-medical-education-program-in-california
#19
W Suzanne Eidson-Ton, Julie Rainwater, Donald Hilty, Stuart Henderson, Christine Hancock, Cathryn L Nation, Thomas Nesbitt
The Association of American Medical Colleges projects an increasing shortage of physicians in rural areas. Medical schools have developed specialty track programs to improve the recruitment and retention of physicians who can serve rural populations. One such program in California includes a variety of unique elements including outreach, admissions, rural clinical experiences, focused mentorship, scholarly and leadership opportunities, and engagement with rural communities. Preliminary outcomes demonstrate that this rural track program has achieved some success in the recruitment, retention, and training of students interested in future rural practice and in the placement of students in primary care residencies...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815664/acceptability-of-rapid-hiv-testing-among-latinos-in-washington-heights-new-york-city-new-york-usa
#20
Tawandra L Rowell-Cunsolo, Yamnia I Cortes, Yue Long, Erida Castro-Rivas, Jianfang Liu
In the United States, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has a disproportionately large impact on Latino Americans. This study assessed the acceptability of rapid HIV testing among a sample of Latinos from New York City. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 192 participants from The Washington Heights/Inwood Informatics Infrastructure for Community-Centered Comparative Effectiveness Research (WICER) study. Participants were interviewed and offered rapid HIV testing and post-test counseling. Seventy-five percent (n = 143) accepted rapid HIV testing when offered...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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