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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454360/reliability-of-length-measurements-collected-by-community-nurses-and-health-volunteers-in-rural-growth-monitoring-and-promotion-services
#1
Matilda E Laar, Grace S Marquis, Anna Lartey, Katherine Gray-Donald
BACKGROUND: Length measurements are important in growth, monitoring and promotion (GMP) for the surveillance of a child's weight-for-length and length-for-age. These two indices provide an indication of a child's risk of becoming wasted or stunted, and are more informative about a child's growth than the widely used weight-for-age index (underweight). Although the introduction of length measurements in GMP is recommended by the World Health Organization, concerns about the reliability of length measurements collected in rural outreach settings have been expressed by stakeholders...
February 17, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452597/evidence-of-reduced-treatment-adherence-among-hiv-infected-paediatric-and-adolescent-populations-in-nairobi-at-the-onset-of-the-unaids-universal-test-and-treat-program
#2
Joseph Kabogo, Erastus Muniu, Fred Wamunyokoli, Rachel Musoke, Elijah Songok
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to evaluate the efficacy of the World Health Organization (WHO) "Universal Test and Treat" (UTT) policy, initiated in Kenya in September 2016. Under this policy, every human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected person should be initiated on antiretroviral therapy (ART). We compared intra- and inter-group viral suppression and ART adherence rates for pre-UTT (initiated on ART in March-August 2016) and UTT groups (initiated in September 2016)...
February 17, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450196/recruitment-and-lessons-learned-from-a-community-based-intervention-program-the-learning-families-project-in-hong-kong
#3
Joanna T W Chu, Alice Wan, Sunita M Stewart, Kwok Tung Ng, Tai Hing Lam, Sophia S Chan
Background: Recruitment is central to any research project, and recruitment itself should be well documented and researched. We describe our recruitment efforts for a community-based research project-entitled the Learning Families Project-conducted in Hong Kong. Methods: In collaboration with community stakeholders, residents from a public housing estate were recruited to participate in family programs aimed at enhancing family well-being. Various recruitment strategies were employed including the distribution of 19,200 leaflets, 688 posters, a banner, a kick-off ceremony, 10 promotion activities, 1,000 direct calls, word of mouth, 51 mobile counters, and 10 door-to-door visits...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448879/extending-access-to-care-accross-the-rural-us-south-preliminary-results-from-the-alabama-ehealth-programme
#4
Kriti M Jain, Prashanth Bhat, Cathy Maulsby, Alexandria Andersen, Tomas Soto, Ashley Tarrant, David R Holtgrave, Erin Nortrup, Melissa Werner, Laurie Dill
Purpose Using a mixed-methods formative evaluation, the purpose of this study was to provide a broad overview of the Alabama eHealth programme set-up and initial patient outcomes. The Alabama eHealth programme uses telemedicine to provide medical care to people living with HIV in rural Alabama. It was led by a community-based organisation, Medical Advocacy and Outreach (MAO), and supported by AIDS United and the Corporation for National Community Service's Social Innovation Fund with matching support from non-federal donors...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447623/community-health-workers-on-a-college-campus-effects-on-influenza-vaccination
#5
Jack J Huang, Maria Francesconi, Madeline H Cooper, Allyson Covello, Michelle Guo, Soheyla D Gharib
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a campus community health worker program (HealthPALs) on student influenza vaccination. PARTICIPANTS: Undergraduate students at a northeastern US university (enrollment 6650), influenza seasons 2011-2012 through 2015-2016. METHODS: Study design: Difference-in-differences analysis of student vaccination at campus dormitory influenza clinics during intervention vs. baseline. INTERVENTION: In the first intervention year, HealthPALs conducted in-person peer outreach at several campus dormitory flu clinics...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444537/a-novel-patient-recruitment-strategy-patient-selection-directly-from-the-community-through-linkage-to-clinical-data
#6
Lindsay P Zimmerman, Satyender Goel, Shazia Sathar, Charon E Gladfelter, Alejandra Onate, Lindsey L Kane, Shelly Sital, Jasmin Phua, Paris Davis, Helen Margellos-Anast, David O Meltzer, Tamar S Polonsky, Raj C Shah, William E Trick, Faraz S Ahmad, Abel N Kho
OBJECTIVE:  This article presents and describes our methods in developing a novel strategy for recruitment of underrepresented, community-based participants, for pragmatic research studies leveraging routinely collected electronic health record (EHR) data. METHODS:  We designed a new approach for recruiting eligible patients from the community, while also leveraging affiliated health systems to extract clinical data for community participants. The strategy involves methods for data collection, linkage, and tracking...
January 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426366/children-with-oedema-recover-better-than-those-with-severe-wasting-in-outpatient-therapeutic-program-at-boloso-sore-district-southwest-ethiopia
#7
Mulugeta Yohannis Kabalo, Bereket Yohannes
OBJECTIVES: Severely undernourished young children clinically present with a typical nutritional oedema or none-oedematous. However, research evidence is limited on how these types predict treatment outcomes in Ethiopia. This study was aimed to compare oedematous and none-oedematous children for their treatment outcomes in Boloso Sore district in Southwest Ethiopia. RESULTS: The overall recovery rate was 396 (68%). From oedematous children; 235 (79.9%) recovered, 18 (6...
February 9, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421953/using-community-engagement-and-navigators-to-increase-colon-cancer-screening-and-patient-outcomes
#8
Paul G Devereux, John Gray, Susan Robinson, Janie Galvin, Jesse Gutierrez
A theory-driven tailored intervention developed in partnership with the community used evidence-based practices to (a) increase knowledge about colon cancer and screening and (b) assist patients in completing screenings. During the 16 months of delivery screening, patient navigators integrated into gastroenterology clinics met all goals, which included (a) enrolling an ethnically diverse group of participants ( N = 415) through inreach (clinic-referred patients who did not schedule appointments) and community outreach, (b) facilitating screening completions for 217 of the 358 (61%) patients identified as needing screening, and (c) obtaining satisfaction ratings from 89% of participants...
February 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420450/a-pilot-study-to-increase-the-efficiency-of-hiv-outreach-testing-through-the-use-of-timely-and-geolocated-hiv-viral-load-surveillance-data
#9
Jacky M Jennings, Christina Schumacher, Jamie Perin, Tanya Myers, Nathan Fields, Amelia Greiner Safi, Patrick Chaulk
BACKGROUND: Eliminating HIV transmission in a population necessitates identifying population reservoirs of HIV infection and subgroups most likely to transmit. HIV viral load is the single most important predictor of HIV transmission. The objective of this analysis was to evaluate whether a public health practice pilot project based on community viral load resulted in increases in the proportion of time spent testing in high viral load areas (process measure) and 3 outcome measures-the number and percent of overall HIV diagnoses, new diagnoses, and high viral load positives-in one mid-Atlantic US city with a severe HIV epidemic...
March 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419459/snmmi-leadership-update-strengthening-outreach-to-patients-and-the-medical-community
#10
Virginia Pappas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415848/opioid-recovery-initiation-pilot-test-of-a-peer-outreach-and-modified-recovery-management-checkup-intervention-for-out-of-treatment-opioid-users
#11
Christy K Scott, Christine E Grella, Lisa Nicholson, Michael L Dennis
The recent surge in opioid-related overdoses and related fatalities underscores the need for assertive mechanisms for linking individuals with opioid use disorders (OUD) to medication-assisted treatment (MAT). This pilot study investigated the feasibility of an intervention that used peer outreach workers to identify out-of-treatment individuals with OUD combined with a modified version of the Recovery Management Checkup to link individuals to methadone treatment. The study was conducted in high-risk communities in Chicago over 8weeks; peer outreach workers identified 88 active opioid/heroin users; 72 were screened as eligible, and 70 showed to the study intake/initial linkage meeting...
March 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414484/post-opioid-overdose-outreach-by-public-health-and-public-safety-agencies-exploration-of-emerging-programs-in-massachusetts
#12
Scott W Formica, Robert Apsler, Lindsay Wilkins, Sarah Ruiz, Brittni Reilly, Alexander Y Walley
BACKGROUND: Opioid overdose is a significant public health problem. Collaborative programs between local public health and public safety agencies have emerged to connect overdose survivors and their personal networks with harm reduction and addiction treatment services following a non-fatal overdose event. This study explored the prevalence of these programs in Massachusetts and the different ways they have been structured and function. METHODS: We sent an online screening questionnaire to police and fire departments in all 351 communities in Massachusetts to find instances in which they collaborated with a community-based public health agency to implement a post-overdose outreach and support program...
January 23, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411074/bridging-the-divide-challenges-and-opportunities-for-public-sector-agricultural-professionals-working-with-amish-and-mennonite-producers-on-conservation
#13
Caroline Brock, Jessica D Ulrich-Schad, Linda Prokopy
As Amish and Old Order and Conservative Mennonite (i.e., Plain) farmers increase their presence in the agricultural sector, it is crucial for public sector agricultural professionals to effectively work with them to mediate nonpoint source pollution and address issues like the hypoxic zone in the Gulf of Mexico. However, there is a dearth of research on how public sector agricultural professionals can better work with Plain producers on environmental management. There are also few training resources for those working with this key, yet hard to reach, population...
February 6, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408061/developing-robust-arsenic-awareness-prediction-models-using-machine-learning-algorithms
#14
Sushant K Singh, Robert W Taylor, Mohammad Mahmudur Rahman, Biswajeet Pradhan
Arsenic awareness plays a vital role in ensuring the sustainability of arsenic mitigation technologies. Thus far, however, few studies have dealt with the sustainability of such technologies and its associated socioeconomic dimensions. As a result, arsenic awareness prediction has not yet been fully conceptualized. Accordingly, this study evaluated arsenic awareness among arsenic-affected communities in rural India, using a structured questionnaire to record socioeconomic, demographic, and other sociobehavioral factors with an eye to assessing their association with and influence on arsenic awareness...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405843/conceptualizing-depression-in-vietnam-primary-health-care-providers-explanatory-models-of-depression
#15
Jill Murphy, Elliot Goldner, Kitty K Corbett, Marina Morrow, Vu Cong Nguyen, Dang Thuy Linh, Pham Thi Oanh
The purpose of this qualitative study was to elicit the explanatory models (EMs) of primary healthcare providers (PHPs) in Vietnam in order to (a) understand if and how the concept of depression is understood in Vietnam from the perspective of nonspecialist providers and community members, and (b) to inform the process of introducing services for depression in primary care in Vietnam. We conducted semistructured interviews with 30 PHPs in one rural and one urban district of Hanoi, Vietnam in 2014. We found that although PHPs possess low levels of formal knowledge about depression, they provide consistent accounts of its symptoms and aetiology among their patient population, suggesting that depression is a relevant concept in Vietnam...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402763/engaging-a-community-for-rare-genetic-disease-best-practices-and-education-from-individual-crowdfunding-campaigns
#16
Romina Alicia Ortiz, Steven Witte, Arvin Gouw, Ana Sanfilippo, Richard Tsai, Danielle Fumagalli, Christine Yu, Karla Lant, Nicole Lipintz, Jennifer Shepphird, Fidelia B Alvina, Jimmy Cheng-Ho Lin
BACKGROUND: Genetic sequencing is critically important to diagnostic health care efforts in the United States today, yet it is still inaccessible to many. Meanwhile, the internet and social networking have made crowdfunding a realistic avenue for individuals and groups hoping to fund medical and research causes, including patients in need of whole exome genetic sequencing (WES). OBJECTIVE: Amplify Hope is an educational program designed to investigate what factors affect the success of medical crowdfunding campaigns...
February 5, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402327/mapping-educational-opportunities-for-healthcare-workers-on-antimicrobial-resistance-and-stewardship-around-the-world
#17
Susan Rogers Van Katwyk, Sara L Jones, Steven J Hoffman
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is an important global issue facing society. Healthcare workers need to be engaged in solving this problem, as advocates for rational antimicrobial use, stewards of sustainable effectiveness, and educators of their patients. To fulfill this role, healthcare workers need access to training and educational resources on antimicrobial resistance. METHODS: To better understand the resources available to healthcare workers, we undertook a global environmental scan of educational programs and resources targeting healthcare workers on the topic of antimicrobial resistance and antimicrobial stewardship...
February 5, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401043/lay-health-worker-involvement-in-evidence-based-treatment-delivery-a-conceptual-model-to-address-disparities-in-care
#18
Miya L Barnett, Anna S Lau, Jeanne Miranda
Mobilizing lay health workers (LHWs) to deliver evidence-based treatments (EBTs) is a workforce strategy to address mental health disparities in underserved communities. LHWs can be leveraged to support access to EBTs in a variety of ways, from conducting outreach for EBTs delivered by professional providers to serving as the primary treatment providers. This critical review provides an overview of how LHW-supported or -delivered EBTs have been leveraged in low-, middle-, and high-income countries (HICs). We propose a conceptual model for LHWs to address drivers of service disparities, which relate to the overall supply of the EBTs provided and the demand for these treatments...
January 31, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399643/recruitment-and-baseline-characteristics-of-the-community-of-voices-choir-study-to-promote-the-health-and-well-being-of-diverse-older-adults
#19
Julene K Johnson, Steven E Gregorich, Michael Acree, Anna M Nápoles, Jason D Flatt, Dana Pounds, Alexandria Pabst, Anita L Stewart
Objective: To describe the recruitment and baseline results of the Community of Voices study that aims to examine the effect of a community choir intervention on the health and well-being of older adults from diverse racial/ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds. Method: Using community-based participatory research methods, we recruited adults age 60 and over from 12 Administration on Aging-supported senior centers in San Francisco into a 2-arm cluster-randomized controlled trial of the community choir intervention...
December 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392865/improving-nutritional-discharge-planning-and-follow-up-in-older-medical-inpatients-hospital-to-home-outreach-for-malnourished-elders
#20
Adrienne M Young, Alison M Mudge, Merrilyn D Banks, Lauren Rogers, Kristen Demedio, Elisabeth Isenring
AIM: Nutritional decline during and after acute hospitalisation is common amongst older people. This quality improvement initiative aimed to introduce a dietitian-led discharge planning and follow-up program (Hospital to Home Outreach for Malnourished Elders, HHOME) at two hospitals within usual resources to improve nutritional and functional recovery. METHODS: Prospective pre-post evaluation design was used. Medical patients aged 65+ years at-risk of malnutrition and discharged to independent living were eligible...
February 2, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
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