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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215968/food-flows-in-the-uk-the-potential-of-surplus-food-redistribution-to-reduce-waste
#1
Elisa Facchini, Eleni Iacovidou, Jan Gronow, Nikolaos Voulvoulis
The increasing amount of food waste generated as a direct consequence of its excessive production, mismanagement and wasteful behaviours, represents a real challenge in promoting resource efficiency. In the UK, the lack of robust mass flow data hinders both the ability to understand and address food waste challenges, and to devise long-term sustainable prevention strategies. In recognition of these challenges, this paper seeks to: i) provide insights into the UK's annual estimates of food mass flows, including imports, exports, distribution, consumption, surplus food production, and final disposal, and ii) scrutinise the uptake and surplus food redistribution as a potential food waste prevention strategy...
December 7, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212460/-the-co-authors-of-pregnancy-leveraging-men-s-sense-of-responsibility-and-other-factors-for-male-involvement-in-antenatal-services-in-kinshasa-drc
#2
Michelle M Gill, John Ditekemena, Aimé Loando, Vicky Ilunga, Marleen Temmerman, Franck Fwamba
BACKGROUND: Despite efforts to improve male involvement (MI), few male partners typically attend antenatal care (ANC). MI in ANC and interventions to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission have been demonstrated to be beneficial for the HIV-positive mother and her child. This study aimed to explore factors influencing partner attendance and highlight interventions with potential to improve MI within a Congolese context. METHODS: This was an exploratory, qualitative study conducted in two urban and two semi-urban catchment areas of Kinshasa, DRC in June-September 2016...
December 6, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208839/safety-efficacy-and-cost-effectiveness-of-consecutive-bilateral-cataract-surgery-on-two-successive-days-in-tribes-at-base-hospital-through-community-outreach-program-a-prospective-study-of-aravali-mountain-north-west-india
#3
Amit Mohan, Navjot Kaur, Vishal C Bhatanagar
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of consecutive bilateral cataract surgery (CBCS) on two successive days in a single hospital visit. METHODS: Prospective study was conducted on 565 patients of various tribes of hilly area of West Rajasthan who had come to our hospital through community outreach programmed (CORP) between January 2015 and March 2016. Patients with significant bilateral cataract without any other ocular morbidity were advised bilateral manual small incision cataract surgery on two consecutive days...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206722/rapid-serological-tests-ineffectively-screen-for-hiv-exposure-in-hiv-positive-infants
#4
Brittany Urick, Youyi Fong, Christopher Okiira, Nicolette Nabukeera-Barungi, Denis Nansera, Emmanuel Ochola, Julius Nteziyaremye, Victor Bigira, Isaac Ssewanyana, Peter Olupot-Olupot, Trevor Peter, Anisa Ghadrshenas, Lara Vojnov, Charles Kiyaga
BACKGROUND: Data on the performance and utility of rapid serological tests in infants to determine HIV exposure are unclear and in some instances contradictory. This study sought to understand the performance of rapid serological tests in high HIV burden, high Option B+ coverage settings to be used as an HIV exposure screening tool. METHODS: A total of 3,600 infants up to 24 months of age at four regional hospitals in Uganda were systematically enrolled and tested simultaneously using both HIV rapid serological and nucleic acid-based tests...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204062/hepatitis-b-virus-outreach-to-immigrant-population-in-greater-boston-area-key-to-improving-hepatitis-b-knowledge
#5
Raissa Djoufack, Scarlett Se Yun Cheon, Aisha Mohamed, Fatou Faye, Korka Diouf, Richard Colvin, James Morrill, Ann-Marie Duffy-Keane, Ponni Perumalswami, Gonzague Jourdain, Dahlene Fusco
AIM: To characterize the understanding of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and determine if outreach improves HBV understanding among Greater Boston Area immigrants. METHODS: Six outreach sessions were held in various community venues in the Greater Boston Area. Verbal consent was obtained from participants prior to starting each session. Each session included a pre-session questionnaire, followed by a teaching session, and then a post-session questionnaire. In person interpreters were present for translation during the teaching session and assistance for questionnaire completion when needed...
November 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202872/patterns-of-hiv-testing-drug-use-and-sexual-behaviors-in-people-who-use-drugs-findings-from-a-community-based-outreach-program-in-phnom-penh-cambodia
#6
Gitau Mburu, Chanrith Ngin, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Khuondyla Pal, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: People who use drugs are an important priority for HIV programs. However, data related to their utilization of HIV services are limited. This paper reports patterns of HIV testing, drug use, and risk and service perception among people who use drugs. Study participants were receiving HIV and harm reduction services from a community-based program in Phnom Penh, comprised of itinerant peer-led outreach and static drop-in centers. METHODS: This was a mixed-methods study conducted in 2014, comprising of a quantitative survey using a structured questionnaire, followed by two focus group discussions among a sub-sample of survey participants...
December 5, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202674/determination-of-the-diversity-of-astroviruses-in-feces-from-cats-in-florida
#7
Patricia E Lawler, Kirstin A Cook, Hannah G Williams, Linda L Archer, Karen E Schaedel, Natalie M Isaza, James F X Wellehan
Astroviruses are small, nonenveloped RNA viruses that have been linked to numerous diseases in a variety of species, including enteric disease in humans and cheetahs. Species Mamastrovirus 2, previously known as feline astrovirus, has been isolated from the feces of domestic cats and cheetahs. A total of 122 cat fecal samples from Alachua County, FL Animal Services and the Veterinary Community Outreach Program at the University of Florida were analyzed, and 35 contained astroviral RNA that was amplified and identified using consensus RT-PCR and sequence analysis...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201949/prevention-messages-in-parent-infant-bed-sharing-message-source-credibility-and-effectiveness
#8
Jillian E Austin, Chad J Nashban, Jennifer J Doering, W Hobart Davies
Objective. Despite educational outreach, bed-sharing prevalence is rising. Mothers' and fathers' bed-sharing practices, prevention message source, perceived source credibility, and the effectiveness of the prevention message were evaluated. Methods. Data were collected from 678 community parents via an online survey. Results were analyzed using descriptive statistics and phi tests. Results. Bed-sharing reasons focused on comfort and ease. Mothers were more likely to receive prevention messages from individual professionals or organizations, whereas fathers were more likely to hear prevention messages from spouses/coparents and grandfathers...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192633/pattern-of-maxillofacial-surgical-conditions-in-north-central-nigeria-a-5-year-experience-of-an-indigenous-surgical-mission
#9
Seidu A Bello, Timothy Osodin, Ifeoluwa Oketade, Alwel-Brown Ibikari, Nosa Ighile, Deborah J Enebong, Paul Ekpa
BACKGROUND: Several publications have presented pattern of maxillofacial surgical conditions based on data from hospital-based studies. The objective of this study is to present the spectrum of maxillofacial surgical conditions from the perspective of a community study. METHODS: This is a prospective study of all patients seen and treated from 2011 to 2016. The information obtained included the biodata, clinical history of the disease conditions, radiological result, histopathologic result, diagnosis, and treatment records...
October 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189987/lessons-learned-from-the-young-breast-cancer-survivorship-network
#10
Silvia Gisiger-Camata, Timiya S Nolan, Jacqueline B Vo, Jennifer R Bail, Kayla A Lewis, Karen Meneses
The Young Breast Cancer Survivors Network (Network) is an academic and community-based partnership dedicated to education, support, and networking. The Network used a multi-pronged approach via monthly support and networking, annual education seminars, website networking, and individual survivor consultation. Formative and summative evaluations were conducted using group survey and individual survivor interviews for monthly gatherings, annual education meetings, and individual consultation. Google Analytics was applied to evaluate website use...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188126/the-united-nations-material-assistance-to-survivors-of-cholera-in-haiti-consulting-survivors-and-rebuilding-trust
#11
Phuong N Pham, Niamh Gibbons, Patrick Vinck
Introduction: In August 2016, the United Nations (U.N.) Secretary General acknowledged the U.N.'s role in the cholera epidemic that has beset Haiti since 2010. Two months later, the Secretary General issued a historic apology to the Haitian people before the U.N. General Assembly, for the organization's insufficient response to the cholera outbreak. These steps are part of the U.N.'s "new approach" to cholera in Haiti, which also includes launching a material assistance package for those most affected by cholera...
October 23, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183369/improving-tuberculosis-case-detection-in-underdeveloped-multi-ethnic-regions-with-high-disease-burden-a-case-study-of-integrated-control-program-in-china
#12
Jun Li, Xiao-Qiu Liu, Shi-Wen Jiang, Xue Li, Fei Yu, Yan Wang, Yong Peng, Xiao-Ming Gu, Yan-Ni Sun, Hui Zhang, Li-Xia Wang
BACKGROUND: In the underdeveloped multi-ethnic regions of China, high tuberculosis (TB) burden and regional inequity in access to healthcare service increase the challenge of achieving the End TB goals. Among all the provinces, the highest TB burden is reported in Xinjiang, where ethnic minorities and older people have suffered most. However, current case-finding strategy is inadequate given the complex social determinants and suboptimal case detection rates. Thus, we developed an integrated TB control program to improve case detection and conducted a pilot in Xinjiang from 2014 to 2015...
November 29, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182800/interventions-to-increase-tuberculosis-case-detection-at-primary-healthcare-or-community-level-services
#13
REVIEW
Francis A Mhimbira, Luis E Cuevas, Russell Dacombe, Abdallah Mkopi, David Sinclair
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary tuberculosis is usually diagnosed when symptomatic individuals seek care at healthcare facilities, and healthcare workers have a minimal role in promoting the health-seeking behaviour. However, some policy specialists believe the healthcare system could be more active in tuberculosis diagnosis to increase tuberculosis case detection. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of different strategies to increase tuberculosis case detection through improving access (geographical, financial, educational) to tuberculosis diagnosis at primary healthcare or community-level services...
November 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181853/towards-the-elimination-of-hepatitis-c-in-the-united-states
#14
Sammy Saab, Long Le, Satvir Saggi, Vinay Sundaram, Myron Tong
The emergence of effective direct-acting antiviral (DAA) agents has reignited discussion over hepatitis C elimination potential in the United States. Eliminating hepatitis C will require a critical examination regarding technical feasibility, economic considerations, and social/political attention. Tremendous advancement has been made in recent years with the availability of sensitive diagnostic tests and highly effective DAAs capable of achieving sustained viral response (SVR) in more than 95% of patients...
November 27, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178455/-aacanatomy-twitter-account-goes-live-a-sustainable-social-media-model-for-professional-societies
#15
Hannah K Benjamin, Danielle F Royer
INTRODUCTION: Social media, with its capabilities of fast, global information sharing, provides a useful medium for professional development, connecting and collaborating with peers, and outreach. The goals of this study were to describe a new, sustainable model for Twitter use by professional societies, and analyze its impact on @AACAnatomy, the Twitter account of the American Association of Clinical Anatomists. METHODS: Under supervision of an Association committee member, an anatomy graduate student developed a protocol for publishing daily tweets for @AACAnatomy...
November 27, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176101/indian-health-service-coverage-among-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-in-federal-tribal-areas
#16
Renuka Bhaskar, Brett J O'Hara
Compared with other racial/ethnic groups, American Indians and Alaska Natives (AIANs) have higher uninsured rates and worse health outcomes. Using data from the 2010-2014 American Community Survey, we employ logistic regression techniques to assess the characteristics associated with Indian Health Service (IHS) coverage among working-age AIANs who have health insurance or are uninsured. Across all insurance categories, geographic residence is a factor in IHS coverage. Among the uninsured, those with and without IHS coverage are more dissimilar than similar across socioeconomic characteristics...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172288/prevalence-of-abnormal-pap-smears-a-descriptive-study-from-a-cancer-center-in-a-low-prevalence-community
#17
Bayan Maraqa, Isam Lataifeh, Lian Otay, Osama Badran, Yasar Qutaiba Nouri, Ibtihal Issam, Maysa Al Hussaini
Background and aims: Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide and the 13th in Jordan. The cervical smear (Pap smear) is a simple approach to detect pre-cancerous cervical lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of abnormal cervical smears in women seen at the Early Detection/Community Outreach clinic of King Hussein Cancer Center (KHCC). Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, reports of routine cervical Pap smears performed in the pathology department at KHCC from January 2007 to December 2016, were reviewed...
November 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169057/synthetic-social-support-theorizing-lay-health-worker-interventions
#18
Nicola K Gale, Sara Kenyon, Christine MacArthur, Kate Jolly, Lucy Hope
Levels of social support are strongly associated with health outcomes and inequalities. The use of lay health workers (LHWs) has been suggested by policy makers across the world as an intervention to identify risks to health and to promote health, particularly in disadvantaged communities. However, there have been few attempts to theorize the work undertaken by LHWs to understand how interventions work. In this article, the authors present the concept of 'synthetic socialsupport' and distinguish it from the work of health professionals or the spontaneous social support received from friends and family...
November 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168162/house-parties-an-innovative-model-for-outreach-and-community-based-health-education
#19
Timika Anderson-Reeves, Jacqueline Goodman, Brian Bragg, Chelsey Leruth
Purpose To connect low resource communities to innovative services that address gaps in health access and knowledge. Description We describe the house party model, as a community-based workshop approach to health education developed by the Westside Healthy Start program (WHS) in Chicago, Illinois. Key elements of the WHS house party model include use of community health workers as facilitators, collaboration with participants and community-based organizations, referrals to health care and social services, and engagement strategies such as interactive activities, personal stories, and discussion...
November 22, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162119/improving-health-worker-performance-of-abortion-services-an-assessment-of-post-training-support-to-providers-in-india-nepal-and-nigeria
#20
Janie Benson, Joan Healy, Sally Dijkerman, Kathryn Andersen
BACKGROUND: Health worker performance has been the focus of numerous interventions and evaluation studies in low- and middle-income countries. Few have examined changes in individual provider performance with an intervention encompassing post-training support contacts to improve their clinical practice and resolve programmatic problems. This paper reports the results of an intervention with 3471 abortion providers in India, Nepal and Nigeria. METHODS: Following abortion care training, providers received in-person visits and virtual contacts by a clinical and programmatic support team for a 12-month period, designed to address their individual practice issues...
November 21, 2017: Reproductive Health
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