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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673333/protocol-for-the-chord-project-community-health-outreach-to-reduce-diabetes-a-cluster-randomized-community-health-worker-trial-to-prevent-diabetes
#1
Nadia Islam, Thomas Gepts, Isaac Lief, Radhika Gore, Natalie Levy, Michael Tanner, Yixin Fang, Scott E Sherman, Mark D Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) affects 9.4% of US adults and children, while another 33.9% of Americans are at risk of DM. Health care institutions face many barriers to systematically delivering the preventive care needed to decrease DM incidence. Community health workers (CHWs) may, as frontline public health workers bridging clinic and community, help overcome these challenges. This paper presents the protocol for a pragmatic, cluster-randomized trial integrating CHWs into two primary care clinics to support DM prevention for at-risk patients...
April 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653461/-users-experiences-with-psychosocial-counselling-services-in-a-community-mental-health-centre
#2
Julian Schwarz, Anne Berghöfer, Burkhart Brückner, Thomas Birker, Barbara Stöckigt
OBJECTIVE: Analysis of users experiences with a low-threshold psychosocial counselling and case management service across separate sectors (e. g., outpatient, inpatient) and legal provisions (e. g., V and XII Books of Social Code). METHODS: Nine semi-structured interviews were conducted and analysed using content analysis. RESULTS: Several aspects of the users' experiences with counselling services have contributed towards their satisfaction with the service...
April 13, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650883/-cancer-disease-trajectory-and-the-contribution-of-artistic-outreach-activity-to-palliative-care
#3
Hisako Oshiro, Tatsuo Oshiro, Masahito Tanimizu
The purpose of this article is to show some unintentional aspects of palliative supports offered by the community. The activities of the Opera Ehime, an amateur opera group, play an important role in palliative and grief care. This community is also committed to providing supportive care for home hospice cancer patients through an outreach music program that offers patients connection with others and reduces isolation. Assessment by the coordinator includes determiningthe patients' preferences and the relevance of music throughout their lives...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642770/providing-coordinated-immediate-trauma-focused-and-interdisciplinary-responses-to-children-exposed-to-severe-intimate-partner-violence-assessing-feasibility-of-a-collaborative-model
#4
Amanda M Stylianou, Elizabeth Ebright
Despite the known consequences associated with children's exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV), numerous children exposed to IPV never access victim services and/or mental health treatment. Informed by the Child Development-Community Policing Program (CD-CP), the Child Trauma Response Team (CTRT) is designed to provide a coordinated, immediate, trauma-informed, and interdisciplinary response to children, adolescents, and their impacted family members who are exposed to severe IPV. The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of the CTRT from the perspective of the key stakeholders and to identify what facilitated and/or hindered the collaborative model...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629685/evaluating-the-effect-of-ward-based-outreach-teams-on-primary-healthcare-performance-in-north-west-province-south-africa-a-plausibility-design-using-routine-data
#5
T Assegaai, G Reagon, H Schneider
BACKGROUND: North West Province (NWP), South Africa, was an early adopter of the primary healthcare (PHC) ward-based outreach team (WBOT) strategy and has made considerable progress in implementing it. Given the interest in and expectations of greater investment in WBOTs, assessing their impact on and contribution to PHC outputs and health outcomes is becoming increasingly important. OBJECTIVES: To describe the application of a plausibility evaluation design for assessing the contribution of WBOTs to PHC performance in NWP, comparing changes in coverage, utilisation and outcome indicators in facilities with and without WBOTs...
March 28, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625569/community-based-directly-observed-treatment-for-tb-patients-to-improve-hiv-services-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-south-african-province
#6
Embry M Howell, N Gladys Kigozi, J Christo Heunis
BACKGROUND: There is uncertainty about how directly observed treatment (DOT) support for tuberculosis (TB) can be delivered most effectively and how DOT support can simultaneously be used to strengthen human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention and control among TB patients. This study describes how DOT support by community health workers (CHWs) was used in four municipalities in the Free State province - a high TB/HIV burden, poorly-resourced setting - to provide HIV outreach, referrals, and health education for TB patients...
April 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615090/adolescent-mental-health-education-inscied-out-a-case-study-of-an-alternative-middle-school-population
#7
Joanna Yang, Roberto Lopez Cervera, Susannah J Tye, Stephen C Ekker, Chris Pierret
BACKGROUND: Mental illness contributes substantially to global disease burden, particularly when illness onset occurs during youth and help-seeking is delayed and/or limited. Yet, few mental health promotion interventions target youth, particularly those with or at high risk of developing mental illness ("at-risk" youth). Community-based translational research has the capacity to identify and intervene upon barriers to positive health outcomes. This is especially important for integrated care in at-risk youth populations...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614195/enhancing-community-education-through-innovative-teaching-strategies-in-a-baccalaureate-nursing-program
#8
Ann W Lambert, Tanya L Johnson, Margot W Fox, Chih-Hsuan Wang
BACKGROUND: Nurse educators are relentlessly in search of innovative measures that enhance student learning and offer opportunities that prepare them for clinical practice. Collaborative opportunities between schools of nursing and community settings are beneficial for students and the community. METHOD: One strategy was developed by a southeastern baccalaureate nursing program through the assistance of the National Institutes of Health mini-grants program, related to their Safe Sleep campaign...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610937/paediatric-musculoskeletal-disease-in-kumi-district-uganda-a-cross-sectional-survey
#9
Kristin Alves, Norgrove Penny, Olive Kobusingye, Robert Olupot, Jeffrey N Katz, Coleen S Sabatini
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to estimate the burden of musculoskeletal disease among children treated in Kumi District, Uganda, to inform training, capacity-building efforts, and resource allocation. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study by reviewing the musculoskeletal (MSK) clinic and community outreach logs for children (age < 18 years) seen at Kumi Hospital in Kumi, Uganda, between January 2013 and December 2015. For each patient, we recorded the age, sex, diagnosis, and treatment recommendation...
April 2, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606698/an-education-and-field-experience-program-to-increase-detection-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-hepatitis-c-virus
#10
Risha Irvin, Ayesha McAdams-Mahmoud, Jordan White, Zackiya Grant, Oluwaseun Falade-Nwulia, Susan Sherman, Chris Beyrer, Mark Sulkowski, David L Thomas, Shruti H Mehta, Richard Chaisson
BACKGROUND: Baltimore is an urban center that has been highly impacted by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV); however, many individuals are unaware of their HIV and/or HCV status. In 2013, the Johns Hopkins Center for AIDS Research (CFAR) developed Generation Tomorrow, an HIV and HCV education, testing, and counseling program with community input and collaboration. OBJECTIVES: The aims of Generation Tomorrow are to increase HIV and HCV awareness and detection in Baltimore and engage the next generation of health professionals (students) and community members (peers) in HIV and HCV outreach services...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606690/strategies-for-recruiting-women-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-community-based-research-lessons-from-canada
#11
Kath Webster, Allison Carter, Karène Proulx-Boucher, Danièle Dubuc, Valerie Nicholson, Kerrigan Beaver, Claudine Gasingirwa, Brigitte Ménard, Nadia O'Brien, Kayla Mitchell, Micaela Pereira Bajard, Erin Ding, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Mona Loutfy, Angela Kaida
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to describe the recruitment of women living with HIV (WLWH) into the community-based Canadian HIV Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health Cohort Study (CHIWOS), because women are under-represented in HIV research. METHODS: There were 1,424 WLWH were enrolled from British Columbia, Ontario, and Québec, who completed detailed questionnaires administered by peer research associates (PRAs; WLWH with research training). During screening, participants were asked: "How did you hear about the study?" We describe recruitment strategies by subpopulation and offer reflections on challenges and successes...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606131/cholinesterase-research-outreach-project-crop-point-of-care-cholinesterase-measurement-in-an-australian-agricultural-community
#12
Jacqueline Cotton, John Edwards, Muhammad Aziz Rahman, Susan Brumby
BACKGROUND: Australian farmers are routinely exposed to a wide variety of agrichemicals, including herbicides and insecticides. Organophosphate (OP) insecticides are widely used for agricultural production, horticulture and animal husbandry practices. Symptoms of OP toxicity are the results of inhibition of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE) which is found in many types of conducting tissue in human bodies such as nerve and muscle, central and peripheral tissues, motor and sensory fibres...
April 2, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605043/an-educational-intervention-to-improve-human-papilloma-virus-hpv-and-cervical-cancer-knowledge-among-african-american-college-students
#13
Jeanine N Staples, Melissa S Wong, B J Rimel
OBJECTIVES: Misinformation and lack of formal education about cervical cancer may contribute to disparities. The objective of this study was to assess the role of an educational intervention in improving knowledge about Human papilloma virus (HPV) and cervical cancer among African American female college students. METHODS: We completed a total of 5 lectures at 4 different historically Black Colleges in North Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia. Each 60min lecture reviewed basic female anatomy, HPV pathogenesis, cervical dysplasia, cervical cancer, HPV vaccination and cervical cancer screening...
April 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595604/using-quality-improvement-to-improve-internal-and-external-coordination-and-referrals
#14
Katherine L Cain, Ragan P Collins
As part of accreditation, Public Health Accreditation Board site visitors recommended that the New Orleans Health Department strengthen its quality improvement program. With support from the Public Health Accreditation Board, the New Orleans Health Department subsequently embarked on a data-driven planning process through which it prioritized quality improvement projects for 2016. One of these projects aimed to improve referrals to New Orleans Health Department's direct services programs from local clinics and hospitals to better provide our most vulnerable residents with a continuum of care...
May 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594933/hpv-self-sampling-for-cervical-cancer-screening-among-ethnic-minority-women-in-south-florida-a-randomized-trial
#15
Olveen Carrasquillo, Julia Seay, Anthony Amofah, Larry Pierre, Yisel Alonzo, Shelia McCann, Martha Gonzalez, Dinah Trevil, Tulay Koru-Sengul, Erin Kobetz
BACKGROUND: Ethnic minority women are at increased risk of cervical cancer. Self-sampling for high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) is a promising approach to increase cervical screening among hard-to-reach populations. OBJECTIVE: To compare a community health worker (CHW)-led HPV self-sampling intervention with standard cervical cancer screening approaches. DESIGN: A 26-week single-blind randomized pragmatic clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: From October 6, 2011 to July 7, 2014, a total of 601 Black, Haitian, and Hispanic women aged 30-65 years in need of cervical cancer screening were recruited, 479 of whom completed study follow-up...
March 28, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584724/developing-a-buruli-ulcer-community-of-practice-in-bankim-cameroon-a-model-for-buruli-ulcer-outreach-in-africa
#16
Paschal Kum Awah, Alphonse Um Boock, Ferdinand Mou, Joseph Tohnain Koin, Evaristus Mbah Anye, Djeunga Noumen, Mark Nichter
BACKGROUND: In the Cameroon, previous efforts to identify Buruli ulcer (BU) through the mobilization of community health workers (CHWs) yielded poor results. In this paper, we describe the successful creation of a BU community of practice (BUCOP) in Bankim, Cameroon composed of hospital staff, former patients, CHWs, and traditional healers. METHODS AND PRINCIPLE FINDINGS: All seven stages of a well-defined formative research process were conducted during three phases of research carried out by a team of social scientists working closely with Bankim hospital staff...
March 27, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578601/time-trust-and-transparency-lessons-learned-from-collecting-blood-biospecimens-for-cancer-research-from-the-asian-american-community
#17
Julie H T Dang, Moon S Chen
BACKGROUND: Biospecimens from racially diverse groups are needed to advance cancer research. The Asian American Cancer Education Study was developed to increase the number and proportion of blood biospecimen donations from Asian Americans for cancer research. METHODS: The authors' targeted approach included 2 types of community engagement, in-reach (within institution to Asian American patients with cancer) and outreach (external to institution to the general Asian American community)...
April 1, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578598/the-asian-american-network-for-cancer-awareness-research-and-training-aancart-s-contributions-toward-reducing-asian-american-cancer-health-disparities-2000-2017
#18
Moon S Chen, Edward A Chow, Tung T Nguyen
BACKGROUND: In 2000 and in 2 subsequent 5-year cycles, the National Cancer Institute funded grantees on a regional and national basis to address community needs for cancer awareness, research, and training. The Asian American Network for Cancer Awareness, Research and Training (AANCART) is fortunate to have been funded since 2000 to focus on mitigating cancer health disparities facing Asian Americans residing primarily in California and Hawaii. This article highlights AANCART's achievements with respect to the original specific aims and unanticipated outcomes in its most recent funded cycle...
April 1, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577837/2016-survey-of-state-level-health-resources-for-men-and-boys-identification-of-an-inadvertent-and-remediable-service-and-health-disparity
#19
Ana Fadich, Ramon P Llamas, Salvatore Giorgianni, Colin Stephenson, Chimezie Nwaiwu
This survey evaluated resources available to men and boys at the state level including state public health departments (SPHDs), other state agencies, and governor's offices. Most of the resources and programs are found in the SPHDs and these administer state-initiated and federally funded health programs to provide services and protection to a broad range of populations; however, many men's health advocates believe that SPHDs have failed to create equivalent services for men and boys, inadvertently creating a health disparity...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577770/enrolling-underserved-women-in-mhealth-programs-results-from-text4baby-outreach-campaigns
#20
Jessica A Bushar, Jodie Fishman, Danielle Garfinkel, Amy Pirretti
Public health practitioners have increasingly leveraged technology-based communication to get health information into the hands of hard-to-reach populations; however, best practices for outreach and enrollment into mobile health (mHealth) programs are lacking. This article describes enrollment results from campaigns focused on enrolling underserved pregnant women and mothers in Text4baby-a free, mHealth service-to inform outreach strategies for mHealth programs. Text4baby participants receive health and safety information, interactive surveys, alerts, and appointment reminders through at least three weekly texts and a free app-timed to users' due date or babies' birth date...
March 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
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