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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931334/the-effect-of-household-poverty-on-tuberculosis
#1
A Siroka, I Law, J Macinko, K Floyd, R P Banda, N B Hoa, B Tsolmon, P Chanda-Kapata, M Gasana, T Lwinn, M Senkoro, T Tupasi, N A Ponce
: pSETTING: Households in Malawi, Mongolia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Rwanda, Tanzania, Viet Nam and Zambia.OBJECTIVE To assess the relationship between household socio-economic level, both relative and absolute, and individual tuberculosis (TB) disease. DESIGN: We analysed national TB prevalence surveys from eight countries individually and in pooled multicountry models. Socio-economic level (SEL) was measured in terms of both relative household position and absolute wealth...
December 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923441/she-s-supporting-them-who-s-supporting-her-preschool-center-level-social-emotional-supports-and-teacher-well-being
#2
Katherine M Zinsser, Claire G Christensen, Luz Torres
Preschool teachers across the country have been charged to prepare children socially and emotionally for kindergarten. Teachers working in preschool centers are supporting children's social and emotional learning (SEL) within a rich ecology of emotion and social relationships and the present study considers how the supports implemented for children's SEL at the center-level are associated with teachers' psychological health and workplace experiences. Hierarchical linear models were constructed using data from the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2009 cohort...
December 2016: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922209/unconventional-pretreatment-of-lignocellulose-with-low-temperature-plasma
#3
Jens Vanneste, Thijs Ennaert, Annick Vanhulsel, Bert F Sels
Lignocellulose represents a potential supply of sustainable feedstock for the production of biofuels and chemicals. There is, however, an important cost and efficiency challenge associated with the conversion of such lignocellulosics. Since its structure is complex and not prone to undergo chemical reactions very easily, chemical and mechanical pretreatments are usually necessary in order to be able to refine them into the compositional building blocks (carbohydrates and lignin), from which value-added platform molecules such as glucose, ethylene glycol, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, levulinic acid, etc...
December 6, 2016: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885652/intercellular-translocation-of-molecules-via-plasmodesmata-in-the-multiseriate-filamentous-brown-alga-halopteris-congesta-sphacelariales-phaeophyceae
#4
Chikako Nagasato, Atsuko Tanaka, Toshiaki Ito, Christos Katsaros, Taizo Motomura
Despite the high number of studies on the fine structure of brown algal cells, only limited information is available on the intercelluar transportation of molecules via plasmodesmata in brown algae. In this study, plasmodesmatal permeability of Halopteris congesta was examined by observing the translocation of microinjected fluorescent tracers of different molecular sizes. The tip region of H. congesta consists of a cylindrical apical cell while the basal region is multiseriate. Fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-dextran (FD; 3, 10, and 20 kDa) and recombinant green fluorescent protein (27 kDa) were injected into the apical cell and was observed to diffuse into the neighboring cells...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Phycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869532/molecular-characterization-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-from-outpatients-in-northern-japan-increasing-tendency-of-st5-st764-mrsa-iia-with-arginine-catabolic-mobile-element
#5
Meiji Soe Aung, Mitsuyo Kawaguchiya, Noriko Urushibara, Ayako Sumi, Masahiko Ito, Kenji Kudo, Shigeo Morimoto, Shino Hosoya, Nobumichi Kobayashi
Arginine catabolic mobile element (ACME) is a genomic island of staphylococcus and is considered to confer enhanced ability to survive and growth on host bacterial cells. ACME has been typically identified in Panton-Valentine Leukocidin (PVL)-positive ST8 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) with SCCmec type IVa (USA300 clone), and it is also found in other lineages at low frequency. Prevalence and molecular characteristics of PVL(+)and/or ACME(+) MRSA were investigated for 624 clinical isolates collected from outpatients in northern Japan from 2013 to 2014...
November 21, 2016: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868316/effect-of-organic-and-inorganic-selenium-supplementation-on-semen-quality-and-blood-enzymes-in-buffalo-bulls
#6
Mohamed El-Sharawy, Entsar Eid, Samy Darwish, Ibrahim Abdel-Razek, Md Rashedul Islam, Kaiyu Kubota, Nobuhiko Yamauchi, Ibrahim El-Shamaa
The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of organic and inorganic selenium (Se) supplementation on semen quality and blood serum profiles of buffalo bulls. Nine mature buffalo bulls were divided into three groups: control (non-supplemented); organic Se (10 mg Sel-Plex®/head twice weekly) and inorganic Se (10 mg sodium selenite/head twice weekly). Semen was collected twice a week for 3 months during Se supplementation. Semen properties were evaluated from fresh ejaculate. Moreover, fructose concentration, aspartate and alanine transaminase (AST and ALT) activities, total protein and total cholesterol were assayed in seminal plasma...
November 21, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843571/cachexia-in-cancer-what-is-in-the-definition
#7
Greetje Vanhoutte, Mick van de Wiel, Kristin Wouters, Michaël Sels, Linda Bartolomeeussen, Sven De Keersmaecker, Caroline Verschueren, Veronique De Vroey, Annemieke De Wilde, Elke Smits, Kin Jip Cheung, Liesbeth De Clerck, Petra Aerts, Didier Baert, Caroline Vandoninck, Sofie Kindt, Sofie Schelfhaut, Marc Vankerkhoven, Annelies Troch, Lore Ceulemans, Hanne Vandenbergh, Sven Leys, Tim Rondou, Elke Dewitte, Kristel Maes, Patrick Pauwels, Benedicte De Winter, Luc Van Gaal, Dirk Ysebaert, Marc Peeters
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide evidence-based results on differences in overall survival (OS) rate to guide the diagnosis of cancer cachexia. DESIGN: Data collection and clinical assessment was performed every 3 months (5 visits): baseline data, muscle strength, nutritional and psychosocial status. 2 definitions on cachexia using different diagnostic criteria were applied for the same patient population. Fearon et al's definition is based on weight loss, body mass index (BMI) and sarcopenia...
2016: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833171/serum-levels-of-soluble-adhesion-molecules-in-newly-diagnosed-acute-myeloid-leukemia-and-in-complete-remission-suggest-endothelial-cell-activation-by-myeloblasts
#8
Tomas Kupsa, Jan Vanek, Zak Pavel, Ladislav Jebavy, Jan M Horacek
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Despite high-dose multi-agent chemotherapy and allogeneic stem cell transplantation, the relapse rate of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is high. Further, the disease is highly resistent to drugs. We speculated that deeper understanding of AML-endothelial cell interactions might provide new targets for selective modulation of the AML microenvironment and form the basis for novel treatment approaches. In this study, we evaluated levels of endothelium derived soluble adhesion molecules in active disease and in complete remission (CR) and their relationship with inflammatory cytokines...
November 10, 2016: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829943/efficacy-of-deep-biopsy-for-subepithelial-lesions-in-the-upper-gastrointestinal-tract
#9
Rolandas Vaicekauskas, Juozas Stanaitis, Jonas Valantinas
INTRODUCTION: Accurate diagnosis of subepithelial lesions (SELs) in the gastrointestinal tract depends on a variety of methods: endoscopy, endoscopic ultrasound and different types of biopsy. Making an error-free diagnosis is vital for the subsequent application of an appropriate treatment. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of deep biopsy via the endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) technique for SELs in the upper gastrointestinal tract. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was a case series study...
2016: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816432/resident-and-attending-perceptions-of-resident-involvement-an-analysis-of-acgme-reporting-guidelines
#10
Ryan Morgan, Douglas F Kauffman, Gerard Doherty, Teviah Sachs
OBJECTIVE: For general surgery residents (Residents) to log an operation, the ACGME requires "significant involvement" in diagnosis (DX), operation selection (SEL), operation (OPR), preoperative (PRE), and postoperative (POC) care. We compared how residents and attending surgeons (Attendings) perceived residents' role in each of these core requirements. DESIGN: Residents and attendings completed surveys postoperatively regarding responsibility for each core requirement on a 5-point Likert scale from "Completely Attending" to "Completely Resident...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809354/shock-associated-with-endothelial-dysfunction-in-omental-microvessels
#11
Lewis B Somberg, David D Gutterman, Miura Hiroto, Raminder Nirula, Ossama A Hatoum
BACKGROUND: Impaired microvascular function leads to a poor outcome in a variety of medical conditions. Our aim was to determine if vasodilator responses to acetylcholine (Ach) are impaired in human omental arterioles from patients with severe trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with massive blood loss and severe shock requiring damage control procedures were included. Tissues was collected at the first (FEL) and the second explorative laparotomy (SEL). Control tissues were collected from non-trauma patients...
November 2, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802219/selenoprotein-s-reduces-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-induced-phosphorylation-of-tau-potential-role-in-selenate-mitigation-of-tau-pathology
#12
Rachel H L H Rueli, Daniel J Torres, Andrea S T Dewing, Arlene C Kiyohara, Stephanie M Barayuga, Miyoko T Bellinger, Jane H Uyehara-Lock, Lon R White, Paula I Moreira, Marla J Berry, George Perry, Frederick P Bellinger
Previous studies demonstrated that selenium in the form of sodium selenate reduces neurofibrillary tangle formation in Alzheimer's disease models. Hyperphosphorylation of tau, which leads to formation of neurofibrillary tangles in Alzheimer's disease, is increased by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Selenoprotein S (SelS) is part of an ER membrane complex that removes misfolded proteins from the ER as a means to reduce ER stress. Selenate, as with other forms of selenium, will increase selenoprotein expression...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779216/soluble-p-selectin-rescues-viper-venom-induced-mortality-through-anti-inflammatory-properties-and-psgl-1-pathway-mediated-correction-of-hemostasis
#13
Der-Shan Sun, Pei-Hsun Ho, Hsin-Hou Chang
Venomous snakebites are lethal and occur frequently worldwide each year, and receiving the antivenom antibody is currently the most effective treatment. However, the specific antivenom might be unavailable in remote areas. Snakebites by Viperidae usually lead to hemorrhage and mortality if untreated. In the present study, challenges of rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox) venom markedly increased the circulating soluble P-selectin (sP-sel) level, but not P-selectin (P-sel, Selp(-/-)) mutants, in wild-type mice. Because sP-sel enhances coagulation through the P-selectin ligand 1 (PSGL-1, Selplg) pathway to produce tissue factor-positive microparticles, we hypothesized that increasing the plasma sP-sel level can be a self-rescue response in hosts against snake venom-mediated suppression of the coagulation system...
October 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767230/a-school-based-program-for-tobacco-and-alcohol-prevention-in-special-education-effectiveness-of-the-modified-healthy-school-and-drugs-intervention-and-moderation-by-school-subtype
#14
Abdullah Turhan, Simone Onrust, Peter Ten Klooster, Marcel Pieterse
AIMS: To test effectiveness of the Healthy School and Drugs (HSD) program on tobacco and alcohol use in Dutch secondary special education (SE) schools, and whether this depends on subtypes of SE-schools and the level of implementation. DESIGN: In a quasi-experimental design with baseline and post-treatment follow-up 35 classes (N = 363) were allocated arbitrarily or depending on teacher motivation to either intervention condition (N = 205) or usual curriculum (N = 158)...
October 21, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754301/lbos-02-02-telmisartan-reducing-monocyte-mitochondria-respiratory-function-is-associated-with-inhibition-of-transient-receptor-potential-channel-canonical-type-3-channels-in-hypertensive-rats
#15
Daoyan Liu
OBJECTIVE: Increased transient receptor potential canonical type 3 (TRPC3) channels have been observed in essential hypertensive patients and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Our previous study shows that mitochondrial respiratory dysfunctions of blood mononuclear cells link with cardiac disturbance in patients with early-stage heart failure. Telmisartan has beneficial effect on both hypertension and metabolic syndrome. In the present study we tested the hypothesis that telmisartan administration inhibited mitochondrial respiratory function was associated with decreased TRPC3 function in monocytes from genetic hypertensive rats (SHR)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742367/genetics-realized-heritability-and-possible-mechanism-of-chlorfenapyr-resistance-in-oxycarenus-hyalinipennis-lygaeidae-hemiptera
#16
Saif Ullah, Rizwan Mustafa Shah, Sarfraz Ali Shad
Dusky cotton bug (DCB), Oxycarenus hyalinipennis (Lygaeidae: Hemiptera) is a serious pest of cotton and other malvaceous plants. Chlorfenapyr, a broad spectrum, N-substituted, halogenated pyrrole insecticide is used extensively to control many insect pests in cotton, including DCB. In this study, we investigated a field strain of DCB to assess its potential to develop resistance to chlorfenapyr. After six generations of continuous selection pressure with chlorfenapyr, DCB had a 7.24-fold and 149.06-fold resistance ratio (RR) at G1 and G6, respectively...
October 2016: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736121/protective-factor-screening-for-prevention-practice-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-the-dessa-mini
#17
Valerie B Shapiro, B K Elizabeth Kim, Jennifer L Robitaille, Paul A LeBuffe
The Devereux Student Strengths Assessment Mini (DESSA-Mini; Naglieri, LeBuffe, & Shapiro, 2011/2014) was designed to overcome practical obstacles to universal prevention screening. This article seeks to determine whether an entirely strength-based, 8-item screening instrument achieves technical accuracy in routine practice. Data come from a district-wide implementation of a new social emotional learning (SEL) initiative designed to promote students' social-emotional competence. All students, kindergarten through Grade 8, were screened using the DESSA-Mini...
October 13, 2016: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728890/cyromazine-resistance-in-a-field-strain-of-house-flies-musca-domestica-l-resistance-risk-assessment-and-bio-chemical-mechanism
#18
Hafiz Azhar Ali Khan, Waseem Akram
Developing resistance management strategies for eco-friendly insecticides is essential for the management of insect pests without harming the environment. Cyromazine is a biorational insecticide with very low mammalian toxicity. Resistance to cyromazine has recently been reported in house flies from Punjab, Pakistan. In order to propose a resistance management strategy for cyromazine, experiments were planned to study risk for resistance development, possibility of cross-resistance and bio-chemical mechanisms...
October 8, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717771/in%C3%A2-vitro-culture-of-babesia-bovis-in-a-bovine-serum-free-culture-medium-supplemented-with-insulin-transferrin-and-selenite
#19
C Rojas Martínez, R I Rodríguez-Vivas, J V Figueroa Millán, K Y Acosta Viana, E J Gutiérrez Ruiz, J A Álvarez Martínez
Bovine serum is an important factor for the optimal growth of Babesia bovis in vitro. This protozoan can be cultured in M-199 with Earle's salts medium (M-199) supplemented with 40% bovine serum (BS). In the present study, four media were assessed along with the control medium M-199. The effect on the proliferation of B. bovis in vitro was tested when these media were combined with insulin (Ins), transferrin (Trans) and selenite (Sel) in the absence of bovine serum. Treatment with Advanced DMEM/F12 medium (A-DMEM/F12) achieved the highest percentage of parasitized erythrocytes (PPE), reaching a maximum value of 9...
October 4, 2016: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701031/novel-selective-tocsy-method-enables-nmr-spectral-elucidation-of-metabolomic-mixtures
#20
Neil MacKinnon, Peter T While, Jan G Korvink
Complex mixture analysis is routinely encountered in NMR-based investigations. With the aim of component identification, spectral complexity may be addressed chromatographically or spectroscopically, the latter being favored to reduce sample handling requirements. An attractive experiment is selective total correlation spectroscopy (sel-TOCSY), which is capable of providing tremendous spectral simplification and thereby enhancing assignment capability. Unfortunately, isolating a well resolved resonance is increasingly difficult as the complexity of the mixture increases and the assumption of single spin system excitation is no longer robust...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
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