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Damla Inan, Rajeev K Dubey, Nick Westerveld, Jorrit Bleeker, Wolter F Jager, Ferdinand C Grozema
We report here the synthesis and photophysical study of a series of electron donor-acceptor molecules, in which electron-donating 4-methoxyphenoxy groups are attached to the 1,7-bay positions of four different perylene tetracarboxylic acid derivatives, namely, perylene tetraesters 1, perylene monoimide diesters 2, perylene bisimides 3, and perylene monobenzimidazole monoimides 4. These perylene derivatives are used because of their increasing order of electron-accepting capability upon moving from 1 to 4. Two additional donor-acceptor molecules are synthesized by linking electron-donating 4-methoxyphenyl groups to the imide position of perylene monoimide diester 2 and perylene bisimide 3...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Daniel Görl, Bartolome Soberats, Stefanie Herbst, Vladimir Stepanenko, Frank Würthner
The self-assembly of perylene bisimide (PBI) dyes bearing oligo ethylene glycol (OEG) units in water affords responsive functional nanostructures characterized by their lower critical solution temperature (LCST). Tuning of the LCST is realized by a supramolecular approach that relies on two structurally closely related PBI-OEG molecules. The two PBIs socially co-assemble in water and the resulting nanostructures exhibit a single LCST in between the transition temperatures of the aggregates formed by single components...
November 1, 2016: Chemical Science
Mitsuru Kojima, Akira Tamoto, Naoki Aratani, Hiroko Yamada
We have prepared a series of aniline-linked and fused perylene bisimides (PBIs) for making near-infrared (NIR) fluorophores. During this research, we found an unexpected rearrangement reaction on the PBI core for the first time. The aniline- and phenothiazine-fused PBIs exhibit excellent absorption ability and visible-to-NIR emission owing to their intramolecular charge transfer character.
April 27, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
John Okombo, Kawaljit Singh, Godfrey Mayoka, Ferdinand Ndubi, Linley Barnard, Peter M Njogu, Mathew Njoroge, Liezl Gibhard, Christel Brunschwig, Mireille Vargas, Jennifer Keiser, Timothy J Egan, Kelly Chibale
The extensive use of praziquantel against schistosomiasis raises concerns about drug resistance. New therapeutic alternatives targeting critical pathways within the parasite are therefore urgently needed. Hemozoin formation in Schistosoma presents one such target. We assessed the in vitro antischistosomal activity of pyrido[1,2-a]benzimidazoles (PBIs) and investigated correlations with their ability to inhibit β-hematin formation. We further evaluated the in vivo efficacy of representative compounds in experimental mice and conducted pharmacokinetic analysis on the most potent...
May 3, 2017: ACS Infectious Diseases
Katharina Huth, Timm Heek, Katharina Achazi, Christian Kühne, Leonhard H Urner, Kevin Pagel, Jens Dernedde, Rainer Haag
A series of water-soluble, hydroxylated and sulphated, polyglycerol (PG) dendronised, monofunctional perylene bisimides (PBIs) were synthesised in three generations. Their photophysical properties were determined by absorption and emission spectroscopy and their suitability as potential biolabels examined by biological in vitro studies after bioconjugation. It could be shown that the photophysical properties of the PBI labels can be improved by increasing the sterical demand and ionic charge of the attached dendron...
January 27, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Robert H Horner, George Sugai, Dean L Fixsen
Implementing evidence-based practices is becoming both a goal and standard across medicine, psychology, and education. Initial successes, however, are now leading to questions about how successful demonstrations may be expanded to scales of social importance. In this paper, we review lessons learned about scaling up evidence-based practices gleaned from our experience implementing school-wide positive behavioral interventions and supports (PBIS) across more than 23,000 schools in the USA. We draw heavily from the work of Flay et al...
March 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
Gunsu Kimyon, Taner Turan, Derman Basaran, Osman Turkmen, Alper Karalok, Tolga Tasci, Gokhan Tulunay, Mehmet Faruk Kose
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the treatment options and post-brain involvement survival (PBIS) of patients with isolated brain involvement from endometrial cancer (EC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The literature electronic search was conducted from 1972 to May 2016 to identify articles about isolated (without extracranial metastases) brain involvement from EC at recurrence and the initial diagnosis. Forty-eight articles were found. After comprehensive evaluation of case series and case reports, the study included 49 cases...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Li Zhang, Dezhi He, Yudong Liu, Kun Wang, Zongxia Guo, Jianbin Lin, Hui-Jun Zhang
A series of 2,5,8,11-tetraalkenyl perylene bisimide (PBI) derivatives were synthesized through Ru(II)- or Rh(III)-catalyzed regio- and steroselective oxidative C-H olefination in one step. The optical electronic and self-assembly of the 2,5,8,11-substituted PBIs were investigated, which showed great potential in optoelectronic applications.
November 18, 2016: Organic Letters
Ming-Shou Ho, Benjamin E Partridge, Hao-Jan Sun, Dipankar Sahoo, Pawaret Leowanawat, Mihai Peterca, Robert Graf, Hans W Spiess, Xiangbing Zeng, Goran Ungar, Paul A Heiney, Chain-Shu Hsu, Virgil Percec
Synthesis, structural, and retrostructural analysis of a library containing 16 self-assembling perylene (PBI), 1,6,7,12-tetrachloroperylene (Cl4PBI), naphthalene (NBI), and pyromellitic (PMBI) bisimides functionalized with environmentally friendly AB3 chiral racemic semifluorinated minidendrons at their imide groups via m = 0, 1, 2, and 3 methylene units is reported. These semifluorinated compounds melt at lower temperatures than homologous hydrogenated compounds, permitting screening of all their thermotropic phases via structural analysis to discover thermodynamically controlled helical crystallization from propeller-like, cogwheel, and tilted molecules as well as lamellar-like structures...
December 12, 2016: ACS Combinatorial Science
Dipankar Sahoo, Mihai Peterca, Emad Aqad, Benjamin E Partridge, Paul A Heiney, Robert Graf, Hans W Spiess, Xiangbing Zeng, Virgil Percec
Perylene bisimide derivatives (PBIs) are known to form only columnar or lamellar assemblies. There is no known example of a PBI self-assembling into a supramolecular sphere. Therefore, periodic and quasiperiodic arrays generated from spherical assemblies produced from PBIs are also not known. Here, a PBI functionalized at its imide groups with a second generation self-assembling dendron is reported to self-assemble into supramolecular spheres. These spheres self-organize in a body-centered cubic (BCC) periodic array, rarely encountered for self-assembling dendrons but often encountered in block copolymers...
November 9, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Gifty Apiung Aninanya, Natasha Howard, John E Williams, Benjamin Apam, Helen Prytherch, Svetla Loukanova, Eunice Karanja Kamara, Easmon Otupiri
BACKGROUND: Lack of an adequate and well-performing health workforce has emerged as the biggest barrier to scaling up health services provision in sub-Saharan Africa. As the global community commits to the Sustainable Development Goals and universal health coverage, health workforce challenges are critical. In northern Ghana, performance-based incentives (PBIs) were introduced to improve health worker motivation and service quality. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine the impact of PBIs on maternal health worker motivation in two districts in northern Ghana...
2016: Global Health Action
Roseanne C Schuster, Octávio de Sousa, Jacqueline Rivera, Rebecca Olson, Delphine Pinault, Sera L Young
BACKGROUND: Performance-based incentives (PBIs) have garnered global attention as a promising strategy to improve healthcare delivery to vulnerable populations. However, literature gaps in the context in which an intervention is implemented and how the PBIs were developed exist. Therefore, we (1) characterized the barriers and promoters to prevention of vertical transmission of HIV (PVT) service delivery in rural Mozambique, where the vertical transmission rate is 12 %, and (2) assessed the appropriateness for a PBI's intervention and application to PVT...
October 7, 2016: Human Resources for Health
Randall C Burson, Alison M Buttenheim, Allison Armstrong, Kristen A Feemster
Vaccine-preventable deaths among adults remain a major public health concern, despite continued efforts to increase vaccination rates in this population. Alternative approaches to immunization delivery may help address under-vaccination among adults. This systematic review assesses the feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of community pharmacies as sites for adult vaccination. We searched 5 electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Cochrane, LILACS) for studies published prior to June 2016 and identified 47 relevant articles...
December 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Robert F Putnam, Tim Knoster
In the previous issue of Behavior Analysis in Practice (May 2015), a special section of the journal was devoted to positive behavior intervention and support (PBIS). Horner and Sugai (2015) published a manuscript providing an overview of school-wide PBIS describing how PBIS is an example of applied behavior analysis at a scale of social importance. A number of manuscripts providing commentary on the Horner and Sugai manuscript were also published in this special section of the journal. This paper will review this PBIS manuscript along with the associated commentaries published in the May 2015 special section...
March 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Lynn A Rempel, John K Rempel, Katrina C J Moore
Fathers' support can influence mothers' breastfeeding decisions and behavior. Potentially supportive behaviors have been reported in previous studies, but no studies have directly examined which, if any, of those actions are actually more likely to result in desired breastfeeding outcomes. The two studies reported in this paper address this gap by examining relationships between fathers' reported breastfeeding support and mothers' perceptions of received support and breastfeeding intentions, satisfaction, and duration...
July 27, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Jooyoung Sung, Agnieszka Nowak-Król, Felix Schlosser, Benjamin Fimmel, Woojae Kim, Dongho Kim, Frank Würthner
We have elucidated excimer-mediated intramolecular electron transfer in cofacially stacked PBIs tethered by two phenylene-butadiynylene loops. The electron transfer between energetically equivalent PBIs is revealed by the simultaneous observation of the PBI radical anion and cation bands in the transient absorption spectra. The fluorescence decay time of the excimer states is in good agreement with the rise time of PBI radical bands in transient absorption spectra suggesting that the electron transfer dynamics proceed via the excimer state...
July 27, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Tolu O Oyesanya, Roger L Brown, Lyn S Turkstra
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine nurses' perceptions about caring for patients with traumatic brain injury. BACKGROUND: Annually, it is estimated that over 10 million people sustain a traumatic brain injury around the world. Patients with traumatic brain injury and their families are often concerned with expectations about recovery and seek information from nurses. Nurses' perceptions of care might influence information provided to patients and families, particularly if inaccurate knowledge and perceptions are held...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Sara Rahimnejad, Alexander Kovalenko, Sergio Martí Forés, Clara Aranda, Antonio Guerrero
We show the influence of species present in precursor solution during formation of lead halide perovskite materials on the structural defects of the films. The coordination of lead by competing solvent molecules and iodide ions dictate the type of complexes present in the films. Depending on the processing conditions all PbIS5 (+) , PbI2 S4, PbI3 S3 (-) , PbI4 S2 (2-) , PbI5 S2 (3-) , PbI6 (4-) and 1D (Pb2 I4 )n chains are observed by absorption measurements. Different parameters are studied such as polarity of the solvent, concentration of iodide ions, concentration of solvent molecules and temperature...
September 19, 2016: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Elaine Wahl, Renee O Hawkins, Todd Haydon, Richard Marsicano, Julie Q Morrison
Disruptions can prevent the classroom from being an effective learning environment. The Good Behavior Game (GBG) is a group contingency that has been proven to effectively prevent disruptions and increase engagement. However, the traditional methods of the GBG include teacher scanning for negative student behaviors, and may not align with Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS), which is becoming widely adopted in many schools. Extending the findings of Wright and McCurdy, the current study compared the effects of the GBG and a positive version of the GBG, called the Caught Being Good Game (CBGG), on student behavior, including engagement and off-task behaviors, as well as teachers' use of positive and negative statements...
July 2016: Behavior Modification
T Heek, C Kühne, H Depner, K Achazi, J Dernedde, R Haag
A set of four water-soluble perylene bisimides (PBI) based on sulfated polyglycerol (PGS) dendrons were developed, their photophysical properties determined via UV/vis and fluorescence spectroscopy, and their performance as possible anti-inflammatory agents evaluated via biological in vitro studies. It could be shown that in contrast to charge neutral PG-PBIs the introduction of the additional electrostatic repulsion forces leads to a decrease in the dendron generation necessary for aggregation suppression, allowing the preparation of PBIs with fluorescence quantum yields of >95% with a considerable decreased synthetic effort...
March 16, 2016: Bioconjugate Chemistry
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