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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933275/incidence-of-venous-air-embolism-during-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#1
Lubana K Afreen, Ayesha S Bryant, Tetsuzo Nakayama, Timothy J Ness, Keith A Jones, Charity J Morgan, Charles M Wilcox, Mark C Phillips
BACKGROUND: Known complications of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) include pancreatitis, bleeding, duodenal perforation, and venous air embolism (VAE). The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of VAE during ERCP and be able to differentiate high-risk versus low-risk ERCP procedures. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study consisting of patients who underwent ERCP and were monitored with a precordial Doppler ultrasound (PDU) for VAE...
June 20, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931993/enzymatic-mediastinitis-as-a-fearsome-complication-of-pancreatic-necrosectomy
#2
Marta Paniagua García-Señoráns, María Reyes Meléndez Villar, Paula Senra Del Río, Eva María García Fontán, Fabio Ausania
Several types of thoracic complications can be associated with severe acute pancreatitis. Some are very common, such as pleural effusion, whilst some others are very rare although life threatening, such as enzymatic mediastinitis (EM). Only a few cases of EM (when related to acute pancreatitis) have been described in the literature. Here we describe the case of a 76-year-old female who developed acute respiratory failure and atrial fibrillation during the postoperative period after an open pancreatic necrosectomy, due to an EM episode...
June 22, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909670/the-utility-of-irrigation-drainage-following-video-assisted-pancreatic-necrosectomy
#3
A X Samayoa, T Vu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 18, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906644/retroperitoneal-versus-open-intraperitoneal-necrosectomy-in-step-up-therapy-for-infected-necrotizing-pancreatitis-a-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Yun-Bing Wang, Xiao-Li Yang, Long Chen, Zheng-Ju Chen, Chun-Mu Miao, Jin Xia
BACKGROUND: Step-up therapy is the recommended therapy for infected necrotizing pancreatitis (INP). However, the most appropriate secondary therapy for use after initial drainage has not been fully determined. This meta-analysis was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of retroperitoneal versus open intraperitoneal necrosectomy as part of a step-up strategy for INP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight online databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and cohorts comparing retroperitoneal and open intraperitoneal step-up approaches for treating INP...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882517/direct-endoscopic-necrosectomy-at-the-time-of-transmural-stent-placement-results-in-earlier-resolution-of-complex-walled-off-pancreatic-necrosis-results-from-a-large-multicenter-united-states-trial
#5
Linda Yan, Andrew Dargan, Jose Nieto, Reem Z Shariaha, Kenneth F Binmoeller, Douglas G Adler, Michael DeSimone, Tyler Berzin, Mandeep Swahney, Peter V Draganov, Dennis J Yang, David L Diehl, Lillian Wang, Asma Ghulab, Nausharwan Butt, Ali A Siddiqui
Background and Objectives: EUS-guided drainage, and direct endoscopic necrosectomy (DEN) of walled-off necrosis (WON) using a lumen-apposing metal stent (LAMS) is safe and effective. Early debridement of WON may improve overall clinical outcomes. The aim of this study is to perform a multicenter retrospective study to compare the clinical outcomes and predictors of success for endoscopic drainage of WON with LAMS followed by immediate or delayed DEN performed at standard intervals. Methods: Patients with WON managed by EUS-guided drainage with LAMS were divided into 2 groups: (1) those that underwent immediate DEN at the time of stent placement and (2) those that underwent delayed DEN 1 week after stent placement...
June 6, 2018: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851776/effect-of-the-disease-severity-on-the-risk-of-developing-new-onset-diabetes-after-acute-pancreatitis
#6
Jianfeng Tu, Yue Yang, Jingzhu Zhang, Qi Yang, Guotao Lu, Baiqiang Li, Zhihui Tong, Lu Ke, Weiqin Li, Jieshou Li
Endocrine pancreatic insufficiency secondary to acute pancreatitis (AP) drew increasing attention in the recent years. The aim of the present study was to assess the impact of pancreatic necrosis and organ failure on the risk of developing new-onset diabetes after AP.The follow-up study was conducted for patients recovered from AP in the treatment center of Jinling Hospital. Endocrine function was evaluated by simplified oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Pancreatic necrosis was examined by abdominal contrast-enhanced CT (CECT) scan during hospitalization...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805446/the-development-of-endoscopic-techniques-for-treatment-of-walled-off-pancreatic-necrosis-a-single-center-experience
#7
Mateusz Jagielski, Marian Smoczyński, Anna Jabłońska, Krystian Adrych
Background: Endotherapy is a common method of treatment in patients with symptomatic walled-off pancreatic necrosis (WOPN). The aim of this study is to indicate the potential therapeutic possibilities created by the combination of several new endoscopic techniques and the evaluation of their efficacy in the treatment of WOPN. Methods: The retrospective analysis of results and complications in the group of 101 patients, who underwent endoscopic treatment of symptomatic WOPN between years 2011 and 2015...
2018: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796908/endoscopic-necrosectomy-through-percutaneous-self-expanding-metal-stents-may-be-a-promising-additive-in-treatment-of-necrotizing-pancreatitis
#8
Andreas Thorsen, Anders Malthe Borch, Srdan Novovic, Palle Nordblad Schmidt, Lise Lotte Gluud
BACKGROUND: The recommended treatment of infected walled-off necrosis (WON) in necrotizing pancreatitis entails a step-up treatment approach starting with endoscopic necrosectomy (ETDN). AIMS: To report a small number of cases from 2013 to 2016 that were not amenable to or failed to respond to ETDN, and to describe a new, minimally invasive technique that may be a promising supplement to ETDN in this difficult patient population. METHODS: Using the Seldinger technique, a fully covered self-expanding metal stent (SEMS) was placed percutaneously in order to drain, irrigate, and debride WON...
May 24, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774088/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-drainage-of-pancreatic-walled-off-necrosis-using-self-expanding-metal-stents-without-fluoroscopy
#9
Barbara Braden, Andreas Koutsoumpas, Michael A Silva, Zahir Soonawalla, Christoph F Dietrich
AIM: To investigate whether endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided insertion of fully covered self-expandable metal stents in walled-off pancreatic necrosis (WOPN) is feasible without fluoroscopy. METHODS: Patients with symptomatic pancreatic WOPN undergoing EUS-guided transmural drainage using self-expandable and fully covered self expanding metal stents (FCSEMS) were included. The EUS visibility of each step involved in the transmural stent insertion was assessed by the operators as "visible" or "not visible": (1) Access to the cyst by needle or cystotome; (2) insertion of a guide wire; (3) introducing of the diathermy and delivery system; (4) opening of the distal flange; and (5) slow withdrawal of the delivery system until contact of distal flange to cavity wall...
May 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773762/endoscopic-treatment-of-extensive-walled-off-pancreatic-necrosis-with-the-use-of-single-transluminal-gateway-transcystic-multiple-drainage-sgtmd
#10
Mateusz Jagielski, Marian Smoczyński, Krystian Adrych
The paper presents a description of the course of severe acute necrotizing pancreatitis as well as endoscopic treatment of an extensive infected walled-off pancreatic necrosis (WOPN), being the consequence of acute pancreatitis. The basic strategy of interventional treatment was to extend access to necrotic areas with use of single transluminal gateway transcystic multiple drainage (SGTMD). Endoscopic transmural access (transgastric) was applied. Endoscopic necrosectomy under fluoroscopic guidance was repeated nine times during active transluminal drainage...
April 30, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740206/usefulness-of-three-dimensional-visualization-technology-in-minimally-invasive-treatment-for-infected-necrotizing-pancreatitis
#11
Peng-Fei Wang, Zhi-Wei Liu, Shou-Wang Cai, Jun-Jun Su, Lei He, Jian Feng, Xian-Lei Xin, Shi-Chun Lu
AIM: To explore the value of three-dimensional (3D) visualization technology in the minimally invasive treatment for infected necrotizing pancreatitis (INP). METHODS: Clinical data of 18 patients with INP, who were admitted to the PLA General Hospital in 2017, were retrospectively analyzed. Two-dimensional images of computed tomography were converted into 3D images based on 3D visualization technology. The size, number, shape and position of lesions and their relationship with major abdominal vasculature were well displayed...
May 7, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703250/a-case-report-of-giant-pancreatic-pseudocyst-following-acute-pancreatitis-experience-with-endoscopic-internal-drainage
#12
W A E Udeshika, H M M T B Herath, S U B Dassanayake, S P Pahalagamage, Aruna Kulatunga
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cysts are being diagnosed more frequently because of the increasing usage of imaging techniques. A pseudocyst with the major diameter of 10 cm is termed as a giant cyst. Asymptomatic pseudo-cysts up to 6 cm in diameter can be safely observed and monitored without intervention, but larger and symptomatic pseudocysts require intervention. CASE PRESENTATION: A 27-year-old Sri Lankan male, with history of heavy alcohol use, presented with progressive abdominal distension following an episode of acute pancreatitis...
April 27, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663019/-retrieval-of-a-migrated-plastic-stent-in-a-51-year-old-man
#13
A Poszler, P Klare, A Weber, M Abdelhafez, K Holzapfel, R M Schmid, S von Delius
BACKGROUND: Endosonographically guided transgastric drainage is the first-line interventional therapy of walled-off necrosis and symptomatic pancreatic pseudocysts in necrotizing pancreatitis. Plastic stents or lumen apposing metal stents are commonly used. A possible complication of endoscopic therapy is stent migration. CASE REPORT: We report upon a 51-year-old man who presented with acute necrotizing pancreatitis. Transgastric necrosectomy was performed and 5 transmural double-pigtail stents (DPS) were left in situ to drain the residual retroperitoneal cavity...
April 16, 2018: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644032/severe-acute-gallstone-pancreatitis-with-diffuse-hemorrhagic-gastritis
#14
Timothy J Harris, William C Beck, Avi Bhavaraju, Benjamin Davis, Mary K Kimbrough, Joseph C Jensen, Anna Privratsky, John R Taylor, Kevin W Sexton
A 67-year-old male presented with acute pancreatitis secondary to gallstones, also known as acute biliary pancreatitis, and subsequently developed gastric outlet obstruction and was transferred to our hospital. A gastro-jejunal feeding tube was placed and an open cholecystectomy was performed. The patient had a pancreatic drain placed for interval increase in pancreatic necrosis and then nearly exsanguinated from gastroduodenal artery pseudoaneurysm bleed. This was managed by coiling the gastroduodenal artery...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614262/cost-effectiveness-analysis-comparing-lumen-apposing-metal-stents-with-plastic-stents-in-the-management-of-pancreatic-walled-off-necrosis
#15
Yen-I Chen, Alan N Barkun, Viviane Adam, Ge Bai, Vikesh K Singh, Majidah Bukhari, Olaya Brewer Gutierrez, B Joseph Elmunzer, Robert Moran, Lea Fayad, Mohamad El Zein, Vivek Kumbhari, Alessandro Repici, Mouen A Khashab
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: EUS-guided transmural drainage is effective in the management of pancreatic walled-off necrosis (WON). A lumen-apposing metal stent (LAMS) has recently been developed specifically for the drainage of pancreatic fluid collections that shows promising results. However, no cost-effectiveness data have been published in comparison with endoscopic drainage with traditional plastic stents (PSs). Our aim here was to compare the cost-effectiveness of LAMSs to PSs in the management of WON...
April 1, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541568/triple-pancreatic-walled-off-fluid-collections-treated-simultaneously-with-endoscopic-transmural-drainage
#16
Sameen Khalid, Aamer Abbass, Eric Nellis, Shashin Shah, Hiral Shah
Pancreatic pseudocysts and walled-off pancreatic necrosis arise as a complication of pancreatitis. Multiple fluid collections are seen in 5-20% of the patients who have walled-off peripancreatic fluid collections. There is a paucity of data regarding the role of endoscopic transmural drainage in the management of multiple pancreatic fluid collections. In this case report, we present the case of a 72-year-old male with three walled-off pancreatic fluid collections in the setting of acute necrotizing pancreatitis...
January 9, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517639/risk-factors-for-the-need-of-surgical-necrosectomy-after-percutaneous-catheter-drainage-in-the-management-of-infection-secondary-to-necrotizing-pancreatitis
#17
Liang Ji, Gang Wang, Le Li, Yi-Long Li, Ji-Sheng Hu, Guang-Quan Zhang, Hong-Ze Chen, Hua Chen, Rui Kong, Xue-Wei Bai, Bei Sun
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the need of surgical necrosectomy after percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) for infected necrotizing pancreatitis. METHODS: The clinical data of documented/suspected patients who were treated with a step-up approach were extracted and analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 329 patients enrolled, the initial PCD was performed at 12 (interquartile range, 9-15) days since onset and 35.3% were cured by PCD alone. In the pre-PCD model, mean computed tomographic (CT) density of necrotic fluid collection (NFC; P < 0...
April 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517633/potential-prediction-of-acute-biliary-pancreatitis-outcome-on-admission
#18
Angeliki Papapanagiotou, George Sgourakis, Stella Peristeraki, Dimitris Raptis, Kyriakos Karkoulias, Stergios Tezas, Panna Patel, Athanasios G Papavassiliou
OBJECTIVES: This pilot study aimed to determine the feasibility of serum values of osteonectin, adiponectin, transforming growth factor beta 1, and neurotensin being used in clinical practice to predict the severity of acute pancreatitis. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 45 consecutive newly diagnosed acute pancreatitis patients and 30 matched healthy controls. The 2 groups were matched according to age, sex, weight, height, diabetes, smoking, and alcohol consumption...
April 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497687/endoscopic-necrosectomy-of-walled-off-pancreatic-necrosis-by-large-bore-percutaneus-metal-stent-a-new-opportunity
#19
Andrea Tringali, Salvatore F Vadalà di Prampero, Vincenzo Bove, Vincenzo Perri, Antonio La Greca, Gilda Pepe, Valerio Cozza, Guido Costamagna
Background and study aims  Endoscopic drainage of walled-off pancreatic necrosis (WOPN) is feasible when contact with the gastric or duodenal wall is present; when WOPN cannot be accessed endoscopically, a percutaneous approach can be considered. Percutaneous use of esophageal self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) to establish access to a WOPN cavity was evaluated.
March 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451168/percutaneous-catheter-drainage-followed-by-endoscopic-transluminal-drainage-necrosectomy-for-treatment-of-infected-pancreatic-necrosis-in-early-phase-of-illness
#20
Surinder Singh Rana, Rajesh Gupta, Mandeep Kang, Vishal Sharma, Ravi Sharma, Ujjwal Gorsi, Deepak K Bhasin
Background and Objectives: Infected pancreatic necrosis (IPN) in the early phase is treated with "step up approach" involving initial percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) followed by necrosectomy. There is a paucity of data on a combined approach of initial PCD followed by endoscopic drainage and necrosectomy. A retrospectively study on safety and efficacy of initial PCD followed by endoscopic transluminal drainage and necrosectomy in IPN. Methods: Retrospective analysis of data of 23 patients with IPN who were treated with a combined approach...
January 2018: Endoscopic Ultrasound
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