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Preeclampsia proteinuria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342231/exploring-the-hypothesis-of-differential-care-for-african-immigrant-and-native-women-in-france-with-hypertensive-disorders-during-pregnancy-a-qualitative-study
#1
Priscille Sauvegrain, Elie Azria, Coralie Chiesa-Dubruille, Catherine Deneux-Tharaux
OBJECTIVE: To analyse whether prenatal care trajectories among women with hypertensive disorders during pregnancy in France differ between immigrants from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and native French women. DESIGN: Qualitative interview study. SETTING: Three public maternity units in the Paris region. POPULATION: Women born in SSA or in France of French parents and treated for hypertension or preeclampsia during their pregnancy...
March 25, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340492/hemolysis-elevated-liver-enzymes-low-platelets-syndrome-superimposed-on-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome
#2
Inês Martins, Madalena Gomes Conceição, Paulo Pereira Gomes, Nuno Clode
A pregnancy complicated by typical hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) and hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets (HELLP) syndrome is reported. At 20 weeks of gestation, a case of HUS was diagnosed, with Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli identified. Plasmapheresis allowed continuation of the pregnancy for 5 weeks. Superimposed preeclampsia and HELLP syndrome were diagnosed after the establishment of nephrotic range proteinuria, hypertension and recurrence of hemolysis. This is a singular case, as it demonstrates that HELLP syndrome can superimpose upon HUS, a fact that can impact future research on reproductive immunology...
March 24, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338787/total-and-fetal-circulating-cell-free-dna-angiogenic-and-antiangiogenic-factors-in-preeclampsia-and-hellp-syndrome
#3
Rocío Muñoz-Hernández, Pablo Medrano-Campillo, Maria L Miranda, Hada C Macher, Jose Manuel Praena-Fernández, Antonio J Vallejo-Vaz, María J Dominguez-Simeon, Rafael Moreno-Luna, Pablo Stiefel
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia (PE) is a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and proteinuria. The HELLP syndrome is the most severe form of PE. The aim of the present study was to determine different potential biomarkers that may help us perform an early diagnosis of the disease, assess on the severity of the disease, and/or predict maternal or fetal adverse outcomes. METHODS: We measured serum levels of total and fetal circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA), soluble endoglin, soluble form of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, and placental growth factor in a healthy control group of pregnant women (n = 26), patients with mild (n = 37) and severe PE (n = 25), and patients with HELLP syndrome (n = 16)...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320554/pregnancy-and-kidney-outcomes-in-patients-with-iga-nephropathy-a-cohort-study
#4
Xiaole Su, Jicheng Lv, Youxia Liu, Jinwei Wang, Xinxin Ma, Sufang Shi, Lijun Liu, Hong Zhang
BACKGROUND: The outcomes of pregnancy in immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) are controversial. This cohort study assessed the effects of pregnancy on kidney disease progression and risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes in patients with IgAN. STUDY DESIGN: A cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Women of child-bearing age with IgAN and minimum follow-up of 1 year after biopsy from December 2003 to September 2014. PREDICTORS: Pregnancy, treated as a time-dependent variable; baseline (at time of biopsy) estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), proteinuria, blood pressure, and kidney pathology (Oxford MEST classification)...
March 17, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282763/mirna-expression-for-early-diagnosis-of-preeclampsia-onset-hope-or-hype
#5
Antonio Simone Laganà, Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Fabrizio Sapia, Gaetano Valenti, Francesco Corrado, Francesco Padula, Agnese Maria Chiara Rapisarda, Rosario D'Anna
PURPOSE: Preeclampsia (PE) is a multi-systemic disease characterized by hypertension, proteinuria and other typical signs that can negatively affect the development of pregnancy. The outcome of the disease is strongly linked to the possibility of early diagnosis, in order to prevent the clinical manifestations. Pathogenesis is still unknown, although abnormalities of placenta development linked to angiogenesis alterations and abnormal trophoblastic invasion seem to be involved, corroborating the epigenetic theory...
March 5, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279626/maternal-foetal-outcomes-in-pregnant-women-with-glomerulonephritides-are-all-glomerulonephritides-alike-in-pregnancy
#6
Giorgina Barbara Piccoli, Rossella Attini, Gianfranca Cabiddu, Isabelle Kooij, Federica Fassio, Martina Gerbino, Stefania Maxia, Marilisa Biolcati, Elisabetta Versino, Tullia Todros
In spite of the interest for chronic renal diseases (CKD) in pregnancy data on specific diseases is fragmentary; while recent studies analysed the most common glomerulonephritides (GN), none was addressed at GN as a group. The aim of our study was to analyse the main pregnancy-related outcomes in GN patients in a large multicentre cohort. Patients with a diagnosis of GN were selected from the TOCOS cohort (TOCOS: TOrino Cagliari Observational Study): out of 714 singleton deliveries GN was the diagnosis in 126; lupus GN and IgA nephropathy accounted for 37 and 33 cases; 1418 low-risk singleton deliveries followed-up in the same Centers served as controls (non diabetic, non nephropathic, non obese women, without any other known chronic illness; pregnancies after ovodonation or in vitro fertilisation were excluded, if declared)...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279446/incidence-and-pregnancy-outcomes-of-superimposed-preeclampsia-with-or-without-proteinuria-among-women-with-chronic-hypertension
#7
Sayuri Nakanishi, Shigeru Aoki, Ami Nagashima, Kazuo Seki
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and pregnancy outcomes of superimposed preeclampsia (PE) with or without proteinuria among women with chronic hypertension. METHODS: This retrospective study included 142 women with essential hypertension diagnosed at ⩽20weeks of gestation, managed at a tertiary center. They were divided into three groups (non-PE, PE with proteinuria, and PE without proteinuria) to compare pregnancy outcomes. The non-PE group was further divided into two subgroups (controlled and uncontrolled hypertension)...
January 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264495/the-endothelin-type-a-receptor-as-a-potential-therapeutic-target-in-preeclampsia
#8
REVIEW
Bhavisha Bakrania, Jeremy Duncan, Junie P Warrington, Joey P Granger
Preeclampsia (PE) is a disorder of pregnancy typically characterized by new onset hypertension after gestational week 20 and proteinuria. Although PE is one of the leading causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and death worldwide, the mechanisms of the pathogenesis of the disease remain unclear and treatment options are limited. However, there is increasing evidence to suggest that endothelin-1 (ET-1) plays a critical role in the pathophysiology of PE. Multiple studies report that ET-1 is increased in PE and some studies report a positive correlation between ET-1 and the severity of symptoms...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262234/impact-of-haemostatic-mechanisms-on-pathophysiology-of-preeclampsia
#9
Chris Gardiner, Manu Vatish
Preeclampsia (PE) is disorder of new onset hypertension and proteinuria during the second half of pregnancy. There is increasing evidence to implicate placental over-expression of tissue factor and PAR-1 in the pathophysiology of PE. Excessive activation of platelets, neutrophils and the complement system may also contribute to the placental pathology and maternal endothelial responsible for the symptoms of PE. Increased knowledge in this field may identify new therapeutic strategies for the treatment of PE...
March 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260455/triplet-pregnancy-in-a-diabetic-mother-with-kidney-transplant-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Tarek Mahmoud, Khalida Mujaibel, Hosam Attia, Zakaria Zakaria, Jude Yagan, Osama Gheith, Medhat Abdel Halim, Prasad Nair, Torki Al-Otaibi
Triplet and higher-order multiple pregnancies can carry increased fetal and maternal complications. Reports of triplet pregnancies after kidney transplant are scarce and have been associated with perinatal complications. Presence of diabetes in such cases worsens both fetal and maternal outcomes. Here, we present a triplet pregnancy in a kidney transplant recipient with diabetes. We also reviewed the literature for causes, prevalence, and outcomes in association with chronic kidney disease, kidney transplant, and diabetes mellitus...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257538/multidisciplinary-approach-to-complicated-pregnancy
#11
Josip Andelo Borovac, Josko Bozic, Tina Ticinovic Kurir, Nikola Zaja, Kresimir Kolic, Vedran Hrboka
A nulliparous pregnant woman in her mid-20s and in the 32nd week of gestation presented to the emergency department with severe headache and vomiting. She had an uneventful medical history; however, the physical examination upon hospital admission revealed a hypertensive emergency, papilledema, and 2+ dipstick proteinuria. Upon establishing the diagnosis of preeclampsia, aggressive therapy with corticosteroids, antihypertensive medication, and seizure prophylaxis was initiated. Hemodynamic stability was achieved within 24 hours and the patient remained in the observation unit located within the gynecology clinic...
March 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210518/epstein-barr-virus-induced-mononucleosis-as-an-imitator-of-severe-preeclampsia
#12
S Allison Staley, Marcela C Smid, Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Elizabeth M Stringer
Background In pregnancy, conditions presenting with hematologic abnormalities, transaminitis, and proteinuria pose diagnostic challenges in pregnancy. Case We present the case of an 18-year-old woman, G1P0, at 33 weeks' gestation with fever of unknown cause, who developed progressively elevated liver enzymes, proteinuria, and thrombocytopenia, due to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. Conclusion Acute infection with EBV should be included in the differential diagnosis of preeclampsia with severe features, particularly in the setting of fever...
January 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164532/clinical-assessment-of-soluble-fms-like-tyrosine-kinase-1-placental-growth-factor-ratio-for-the-diagnostic-and-the-prognosis-of-preeclampsia-in-the-second-trimester
#13
Dalenda Chelli, Asma Hamdi, Sarah Saoudi, Amel A Jenayah, Armand Zagre, Haithem Jguerim, Channoufi Bedis, Ezzeddine Sfar
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is one of the most common and serious complications of pregnancy. Various reports have demonstrated that disturbances in angiogenic and antiangiogenic factors are implicated in its pathogenesis and have possible relevance in its diagnosis and prognosis. METHODS: In this case-control study, we enrolled 73 patients with 34 preeclamptic cases diagnosed according to clinical criteria and dosing of proteinuria. The cases were matched to controls at the same age and parity...
October 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161265/-reasons-for-first-consultation-in-nephrology-in-the-health-area-5-of-britanny-during-the-year-2014
#14
Jeanne Prévot, Sahar Bayat-Makoei, Cécile Vigneau
BACKGROUND: In France, the coordinated healthcare circuit means that patients should be referred to specialists, for example nephrologists, by another physician. However, there are no recommendations concerning the reasons justifying the referral to a nephrologist. The main purpose of our study is to describe the motif of first consultations in nephrology in the health area 5 of Brittany. METHODS: We retrospectively collected medical reports of first consultations by 17 nephrologists in the 4 centers of the study area, during the year 2014...
February 1, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133831/proposed-clinical-management-of-pregnancies-after-combined-screening-for-preeclampsia-at-19-24-weeks-gestation
#15
Magdalena Litwinska, David Wright, Tunay Efeturk, Irene Ceccacci, Kypros H Nicolaides
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the patient-specific risk of preeclampsia (PE) at 19-24 weeks' gestation by a combination of maternal characteristics and medical history with multiple of the median (MoM) values of mean arterial pressure (MAP), uterine artery pulsatility index (UTPI), serum placental growth factor (PLGF) and serum soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFLT-1) and stratify women into high-, intermediate- and low-risk management groups. The high-risk group, which would contain almost all cases of PE at <32 weeks, would require close monitoring for high blood pressure and proteinuria at 24-31 weeks...
January 29, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131123/update-in-the-management-of-patients-with-preeclampsia
#16
REVIEW
Nerlyne K Dhariwal, Grant C Lynde
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy complicate approximately 10% of all deliveries in the United States and are a leading cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Preeclampsia is defined as hypertension in association with proteinuria, thrombocytopenia, impaired liver function, renal insufficiency, pulmonary edema, or new-onset cerebral or visual disturbances. The greatest risk factor for the development of preeclampsia is a history of preeclampsia. There currently is no effective means for the prevention of preeclampsia...
March 2017: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131097/downregulation-of-indoleamine-2-3-dioxygenase-expression-in-the-villous-stromal-endothelial-cells-of-placentas-with-preeclampsia
#17
Naoyuki Iwahashi, Madoka Yamamoto, Sakiko Nanjo, Saori Toujima, Sawako Minami, Kazuhiko Ino
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have shown that indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase (IDO), an immunosuppressive enzyme that converts tryptophan to kynurenine, is expressed in the placenta and might play a role in the maintenance of pregnancy, although its associations with the pathogeneses of preeclampsia (PE) and fetal growth restriction (FGR) remain unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate the differences in IDO expression among normal, PE, and FGR placentas, and the associations between IDO expression and clinical symptoms, or the expression of fms-like tyrosine kinase receptor-1 (Flt-1)...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122721/adverse-metabolic-phenotype-of-female-offspring-exposed-to-preeclampsia-in-utero-a-characterization-of-the-bph-5-mouse-in-postnatal-life
#18
Elizabeth F Sutton, Heinrich E Lob, Jiunn Song, Yunwei Xia, Scott D Butler, Chin-Chi Liu, Leanne M Redman, Jenny L Sones
Preeclampsia (PE) is a devastating disorder of pregnancy that classically presents with maternal hypertension and proteinuria after 20 weeks of gestation. In addition to being a leading cause of maternal and fetal morbidity/mortality, epidemiological and prospective studies have revealed long term consequences for both the mother and baby of preeclamptic pregnancies, including chronic hypertension as well as other cardiovascular diseases and metabolic derangements. To better understand the effect of in utero exposure of PE on offspring, we utilized the BPH/5 mouse, a spontaneous model of the maternal and fetal PE syndrome...
January 25, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094840/hypertensive-disorders-in-pregnancy-and-later-dementia-a-swedish-national-register-study
#19
Ellika G Andolf, Gunilla C M Sydsjö, Marie K Bladh, Goran Berg, Surendra Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to investigate the rate of vascular dementia and dementia in women with previous hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, since white matter lesions of the brain and cardiovascular disease are linked both to dementia and hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective population-based registry study on all women giving birth in Sweden between 1973 and 1975 (284 598). Women with and without hypertensive disorders in pregnancy were identified by means of the Swedish Medical Birth Register and linked to the National Patient Register, where data on somatic disease later in life were obtained...
January 17, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055277/matrix-metalloproteinase-multiplex-screening-identifies-increased-mmp-2-urine-concentrations-in-women-predicted-to-develop-preeclampsia
#20
Margarita L Martinez-Fierro, Aurelio Perez-Favila, Idalia Garza-Veloz, Marcela A Espinoza-Juarez, Lorena Avila-Carrasco, Ivan Delgado-Enciso, Yolanda Ortiz-Castro, Edith Cardenas-Vargas, Miguel A Cid-Baez, Rosa M Ramirez-Santoyo, Victor H Cervantes-Kardasch, Iram P Rodriguez-Sanchez, Jose I Badillo-Almaraz, Rodrigo Castañeda-Miranda, Luis O Solis-Sanchez, Jose M Ortiz-Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia, a pregnancy disorder characterized by hypertension and proteinuria, represents the leading cause of fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. The identification of novel and accurate biomarkers that are predictive of preeclampsia is necessary to improve the prognosis of patients with preeclampsia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of nine urinary metalloproteinases to predict the risk of preeclampsia development...
January 25, 2017: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
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