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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232703/knowledge-and-awareness-of-and-perception-towards-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#1
Daniel Boateng, Frederick Wekesah, Joyce L Browne, Charles Agyemang, Peter Agyei-Baffour, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Henriette A Smit, Diederick E Grobbee, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the most common cause of non-communicable disease mortality in sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. Gaps in knowledge of CVD conditions and their risk factors are important barriers in effective prevention and treatment. Yet, evidence on the awareness and knowledge level of CVD and associated risk factors among populations of SSA is scarce. This review aimed to synthesize available evidence of the level of knowledge of and perceptions towards CVDs and risk factors in the SSA region...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231837/the-primary-health-care-system-in-china
#2
REVIEW
Xi Li, Jiapeng Lu, Shuang Hu, K K Cheng, Jan De Maeseneer, Qingyue Meng, Elias Mossialos, Dong Roman Xu, Winnie Yip, Hongzhao Zhang, Harlan M Krumholz, Lixin Jiang, Shengshou Hu
China has made remarkable progress in strengthening its primary health-care system. Nevertheless, the system still faces challenges in structural characteristics, incentives and policies, and quality of care, all of which diminish its preparedness to care for a fifth of the world's population, which is ageing and which has a growing prevalence of chronic non-communicable disease. These challenges include inadequate education and qualifications of its workforce, ageing and turnover of village doctors, fragmented health information technology systems, a paucity of digital data on everyday clinical practice, financial subsidies and incentives that do not encourage cost savings and good performance, insurance policies that hamper the efficiency of care delivery, an insufficient quality measurement and improvement system, and poor performance in the control of risk factors (such as hypertension and diabetes)...
December 9, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230403/farmer-and-veterinarian-attitudes-towards-the-bovine-tuberculosis-eradication-programme-in-spain-what-is-going-on-in-the-field
#3
Giovanna Ciaravino, Patricia Ibarra, Ester Casal, Sergi Lopez, Josep Espluga, Jordi Casal, Sebastian Napp, Alberto Allepuz
The effectiveness of health interventions against bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is influenced by several "non-biological" factors that may hamper bTB detection and control. Although the engagement of stakeholders is a key factor for the eradication programme's success, social factors have been often ignored in the control programmes of animal diseases, especially in developed countries. In this study, we used a qualitative approach to investigate perceptions, opinions, attitudes, and beliefs of farmers, and veterinarians who may influence the effectiveness of the Spanish bTB eradication programme...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230005/prevalence-treatment-patterns-and-risk-factors-of-hypertension-and-pre-hypertension-among-bangladeshi-adults
#4
Mujibur Rahman, M Mostafa Zaman, Jessica Yasmine Islam, Jalil Chowdhury, Ham Nazmul Ahsan, Ridwanur Rahman, Mahtabuddin Hassan, Zakir Hossain, Billal Alam, Rubina Yasmin
In Bangladesh, morbidity and mortality due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) has increased over the last few decades. Hypertension is an important risk factor for NCDs, specifically cardiovascular disease. The objective of this study was to assess prevalence and risk factors for hypertension and pre-hypertension among adults in Bangladesh. Data for this analysis were collected during the national NCD Risk Factor Survey of Bangladesh conducted in 2010 from a representative sample of men and women, aged 25 years or above...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229199/microbiota-and-aging-a-review-and-commentary
#5
REVIEW
Carmen García-Peña, Teresa Álvarez-Cisneros, Ricardo Quiroz-Baez, Robert P Friedland
Although there is a consensus that the dominant species that make up the adult microbiota remains unchanged in elderly people, it has been reported that there are significant alterations in the proportion and composition of the different taxa, leading to reduced microbiota diversity, as well as an increase of enteropathogens that may lead to chronic inflammation. The ageing of mucosal immune and motor systems also contributes to these changes. As the individual ages, there is a loss in the number of Peyer's patches, an altered local capacity of T and B cell functions as well as chronic macrophage activation...
December 8, 2017: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228998/capturing-health-and-eating-status-through-a-nutritional-perception-screening-questionnaire-npsq9-in-a-randomised-internet-based-personalised-nutrition-intervention-the-food4me-study
#6
Rodrigo San-Cristobal, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Carlos Celis-Morales, Katherine M Livingstone, Barbara Stewart-Knox, Audrey Rankin, Anna L Macready, Rosalind Fallaize, Clare B O'Donovan, Hannah Forster, Clara Woolhead, Marianne C Walsh, Christina P Lambrinou, George Moschonis, Yannis Manios, Miroslaw Jarosz, Hannelore Daniel, Eileen R Gibney, Lorraine Brennan, Thomas E Gundersen, Christian A Drevon, Mike Gibney, Cyril F M Marsaux, Wim H M Saris, Julie A Lovegrove, Lynn J Frewer, John C Mathers, J Alfredo Martinez
BACKGROUND: National guidelines emphasize healthy eating to promote wellbeing and prevention of non-communicable diseases. The perceived healthiness of food is determined by many factors affecting food intake. A positive perception of healthy eating has been shown to be associated with greater diet quality. Internet-based methodologies allow contact with large populations. Our present study aims to design and evaluate a short nutritional perception questionnaire, to be used as a screening tool for assessing nutritional status, and to predict an optimal level of personalisation in nutritional advice delivered via the Internet...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228946/a-school-based-intervention-improved-dietary-intake-outcomes-and-reduced-waist-circumference-in-adolescents-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Angélica Ochoa-Avilés, Roosmarijn Verstraeten, Lieven Huybregts, Susana Andrade, John Van Camp, Silvana Donoso, Patricia Liliana Ramírez, Carl Lachat, Lea Maes, Patrick Kolsteren
BACKGROUND: In Ecuador, adolescents' food intake does not comply with guidelines for a healthy diet. Together with abdominal obesity adolescent's inadequate diets are risk factors for non-communicable diseases. We report the effectiveness of a school-based intervention on the dietary intake and waist circumference among Ecuadorian adolescents. METHODS: A pair-matched cluster randomized controlled trial including 1430 adolescents (12-14 years old) was conducted...
December 11, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228781/targeting-oxidative-stress-using-nanoparticles-as-a-theranostic-strategy-for-cardiovascular-diseases
#8
Kye S Kim, Chul Gyu Song, Peter M Kang
SIGNIFICANCE: Nanomedicine is an application of nanotechnology that provides solutions to unmet medical challenges. The unique features of nanoparticles, such as their small size, modifiable components and diverse functionality, make them attractive and suitable materials for novel diagnostic, therapeutic or theranostic applications. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the major cause of non-communicable illness in both developing and developed countries. Nanomedicine offers novel theranostic options for the treatment of CVDs...
December 11, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228434/functional-roles-of-exosomes-in-cardiovascular-disorders-a-systematic-review
#9
H-J Sun, X-X Zhu, W-W Cai, L-Y Qiu
Cardiovascular diseases are major causes of people death associated with high mortality and disability. Exosomes are nanosized extracellular vesicles containing protein, lipid, transcription factors, mRNAs, non-coding RNA (ncRNA) and nucleic acid contents, which are critical players of intercellular communication via long-range signals or cell-to-cell contact. The emergence of exosomes provides favorable strategies for the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Exosomes-based molecular mechanisms are important for developing novel therapeutic approaches for cardiovascular events...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226758/evolution-of-non-communicable-disease-prevention-and-control-in-china
#10
Mengge Han, Xiao Ming Shi, Chun Cai, Yong Zhang, Wang Hong Xu
The 70-year experience of China in fighting against non-communicable diseases (NCDs) can be classified into three distinct periods: 1) the disease-oriented strategy period (from 1950 to 1994); 2) the risk factor-focused strategy period (from 1995 to 2008); and 3) the social and policy priority strategy period (since 2009). A number of projects were successful and valuable experience and lessons were accumulated during the three periods. Due to the underestimation of the 'explosive' epidemic of NCDs, however, it took China quite a long time to find the right path to curb the upward trend in these diseases...
December 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226228/seminar-program-for-postgraduate-specialty-training-in-general-practice-proposal-for-a-5-year-thematic-catalogue
#11
Susanne Sommer, Erika Baum, Julia Magez, Jean-Francois Chenot, Gesine Weckmann, Jost Steinhäuser, Susanne Heim, Dagmar Schneider, Stephan Fuchs
Introduction: In different German regions, seminar programs have been conducted for General practice residents. In each region, selection and teaching of learning content is conducted in a different manner. So far, no structured, standardized curriculum has been implemented nationwide. We have investigated, if the development of a common 5-year program of learning topics is conceivable between the different university departments of General practice in Germany. Method: The seminar program working group of the DEGAM (German College of General Practitioners and Family Physicians) has conducted an online survey based on information gathered via preliminary telephone conference (n=7; physicians with postgraduate teaching experience) among all German university departments of General Practice and two non-university teaching institutions, identified via the internet...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225950/is-living-in-a-gas-flaring-host-community-associated-with-being-hypertensive-evidence-from-the-niger-delta-region-of-nigeria
#12
Omosivie Maduka, Charles Tobin-West
Background: Researchers have linked gas flaring to climate change, the hastening of the epidemiological transition and an upsurge in the prevalence of non-communicable diseases. We sought to determine if a relationship exists between residing in a gas-flaring host community and hypertension. Methods: We conducted an analytical cross-sectional household survey among residents of 600 households in three gas-flaring and three non-gas-flaring host communities in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225938/health-sector-governance-should-we-be-investing-more
#13
REVIEW
Robert Fryatt, Sara Bennett, Agnes Soucat
Governance is central to improving health sector performance and achieving Universal Health Coverage (UHC). However, the growing body of research on governance and health has not yet led to a global consensus on the need for more investment in governance interventions to improve health. This paper aims to summarise the latest evidence on the influence of governance on health, examines how we can assess governance interventions and considers what might constitute good investments in health sector governance in resource constrained settings...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225577/if-channel-as-an-emerging-therapeutic-target-for-cardiovascular-diseases-a-review-of-current-evidence-and-controversies
#14
REVIEW
Hayelom G Mengesha, Tadesse B Tafesse, Mohammed H Bule
In 2015, non-communicable diseases accounted for 39.5 million (70%) of the total 56.4 million deaths that occurred globally, of which 17.7 million (45%) were due to cardiovascular diseases. An elevated heart rate is considered to be one of the independent predictors and markers of future cardiovascular diseases. A variety of experimental and epidemiological studies have found that atherosclerosis, heart failure, coronary artery disease, stroke, and arrhythmia are linked to elevated heart rate. Although there are established drugs to reduce the heart rate, these drugs have undesirable side effects...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225112/fisetin-a-bioactive-phytochemical-with-potential-for-cancer-prevention-and-pharmacotherapy
#15
REVIEW
Dharambir Kashyap, Ajay Sharma, Katrin Sak, Hardeep Singh Tuli, Harpal Singh Buttar, Anupam Bishayee
A wide variety of chronic diseases, such as neurodegenerative and cardiovascular disorders, diabetes mellitus, osteoarthtitis, obesity and various cancers, are now being treated with cost effective phytomedicines. Since synthetic medicines are very expensive, concerted efforts are being made in developing and poor countries to discover cost effective medicines for the treatment of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Understanding the underlying mechanisms of bioactive medicines from natural sources would not only open incipient avenues for the scientific community and pharmaceutical industry to discover new drug molecules for the therapy of NCDs, but also help to garner knowledge for alternative therapeutic approaches for the management of chronic diseases...
December 7, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223401/palliative-care-need-and-availability-in-four-referral-hospitals-in-senegal-results-from-a-multi-component-assessment
#16
Hana Hamdi, Oumar Ba, Serigne Niang, Christian Ntizimira, Mouhadou Mbengue, Aminata Sophie Coulbary, Rokhaya Niang, Matthew Parsons, Joseph J Amon, Diederik Lohman
CONTEXT: With prevalence of non-communicable diseases and life expectancy rising in Senegal, the need for palliative care is likely growing. No national palliative care needs assessments have been carried out. OBJECTIVES: To assess the capacity and need for palliative care in Senegal. METHODS: A multi-component assessment of availability and demand for palliative care was conducted in two tertiary and two regional hospitals in Senegal in 2015 with approval from Senegal's National Ethics Committee for Health Research...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222878/non-communicable-diseases-food-and-nutrition-in-vietnam-from-1975-to-2015-the-burden-and-national-response
#17
Tuan T Nguyen, Minh V Hoang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This review manuscript examines the burden and national response to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), food and nutrition security in Vietnam from 1975 to 2015. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We extracted data from peer-reviewed manuscripts and reports of nationally representative surveys and related policies in Vietnam. RESULTS: In 2010, NCDs accounted for 318,000 deaths (72% of total deaths), 6.7 million years of life lost, and 14 million disability-adjusted life years in Vietnam...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221453/the-extra-cost-of-comorbidity-multiple-illnesses-and-the-economic-burden-of-non-communicable-diseases
#18
Sébastien Cortaredona, Bruno Ventelou
BACKGROUND: The literature offers competing estimates of disease costs, with each study having its own data and methods. In 2007, the Dutch Center for Public Health Forecasting of the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment provided guidelines that can be used to set up cost-of-illness (COI) studies, emphasising that most COI analyses have trouble accounting for comorbidity in their cost estimations. When a patient has more than one chronic condition, the conditions may interact such that the patient's healthcare costs are greater than the sum of the costs for the individual diseases...
December 8, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218577/street-foods-exacerbate-effects-of-the-environmental-burden-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs-in-nigeria
#19
Osazuwa Clinton Ekhator, Nnaemeka Arinze Udowelle, Sorbari Igbiri, Rose Ngozi Asomugha, Chiara Frazzoli, Orish Ebere Orisakwe
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a large group of well-known toxicants with carcinogenic potential and other health effects including on the immune system. The high health risks of non-communicable diseases and relevant comorbidities in Africa, particularly in contaminated areas like e-waste and crude oil and gas exploration areas and for high consumers of food commodity groupings which are most critical for PAH exposure, are exacerbated by dietary exposure due to unsafe practices in commonly consumed foods, like those street vended...
December 7, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217918/are-countries-fulfilling-the-promise-they-made-to-prevent-non-communicable-diseases-ncds
#20
EDITORIAL
Abraham Haileamlak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
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