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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455703/the-development-of-a-single-health-endorsement-logo-for-south-africa
#1
Nelene Koen, Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen, Reneé Blaauw
OBJECTIVE: To develop health-endorsement logos (HEL) for food products indicating healthy choices based on the South African nutrient profile model and to pilot test these logos with consumers. DESIGN: Multistage mixed-methods design. SETTING: Cape Town, South Africa. SUBJECTS: Nine focus group discussions (FGD) were conducted with adult consumers to explore what types of HEL are preferred and why. Based on the findings, ten HEL were designed by a graphic design team...
February 19, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451858/cerebrospinal-fluid-micrornas-as-diagnostic-biomarkers-in-brain-tumors
#2
REVIEW
Alena Kopkova, Jiri Sana, Pavel Fadrus, Ondrej Slaby
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a body fluid that has many important functions and is in direct contact with the extracellular environment of the central nervous system (CNS). CSF serves as both the communication channel allowing the distribution of various substances among the CNS cells and the storage facility for the waste products these cells release. For these reasons, CSF is a potential source of diagnostic biomarkers of many CNS diseases, including brain tumors. Recent studies have revealed that CSF also contains circulating microRNAs (miRNAs), short non-coding RNAs that have been described as biomarkers in many cancers...
February 16, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447231/preparedness-of-lower-level-health-facilities-and-the-associated-factors-for-the-outpatient-primary-care-of-hypertension-evidence-from-tanzanian-national-survey
#3
Deogratius Bintabara, Bonaventura C T Mpondo
INTRODUCTION: Sub-Saharan Africa is experiencing a rapid rise in the burden of non-communicable diseases in both urban and rural areas. Data on health system preparedness to manage hypertension and other non-communicable diseases remains scarce. This study aimed to assess the preparedness of lower-level health facilities for outpatient primary care of hypertension in Tanzania. METHODS: This study used data from the 2014-2015 Tanzania Service Provision Assessment survey...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445047/association-of-smoking-with-general-and-abdominal-obesity-evidence-from-a-cohort-study-in-west-of-iran
#4
Satar Rezaei, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Yahya Pasdar, Behrooz Hamzeh, Mehdi Moradinazar, Farid Najafi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the association between smoking and obesity among adults in Kermanshah Province, west of Iran. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: A total of 8822 participants, aged 35-65 yr, form Ravansar Non-communicable Disease (RaNCD) cohort study (2014-2016) were enrolled. Smoking habits were categorized in terms of smoking status (current, former and never smokers) and smoking intensity (light, moderate and heavy)...
December 3, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444688/twenty-years-of-home-based-palliative-care-in-malappuram-kerala-india-a-descriptive-study-of-patients-and-their-care-givers
#5
Rekha Rachel Philip, Sairu Philip, Jaya Prasad Tripathy, Abdulla Manima, Emilie Venables
BACKGROUND: The well lauded community-based palliative care programme of Kerala, India provides medical and social support, through home-based care, for patients with terminal illness and diseases requiring long-term support. There is, however, limited information on patient characteristics, caregivers and programme performance. This study was carried out to describe: i) the patients enrolled in the programme from 1996 to 2016 and their diagnosis, and ii) the care-giver characteristics and palliative care support from nurses and doctors in a cohort of patients registered during 2013-2015...
February 14, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443821/changes-in-cycling-and-incidence-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-danish-men-and-women
#6
Martin G Rasmussen, Kim Overvad, Anne Tjønneland, Majken K Jensen, Lars Østergaard, Anders Grøntved
PURPOSE: Overweight and obesity is associated with increased risk of several non-communicable diseases and is a growing public health issue. The primary purpose of the current study was to investigate incidence of overweight and obesity according to five-year cycling habits. The secondary purpose was to investigate incidence of remission from overweight and obesity according to five-year cycling habits. METHODS: We analyzed 9014 men and 8661 women without chronic disease who between 1993 and 2003 completed two assessments approximately five years apart...
February 13, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441119/diagnosis-monitoring-and-prevention-of-exposure-related-non-communicable-diseases-in-the-living-and-working-environment-dimopex-project-is-designed-to-determine-the-impacts-of-environmental-exposure-on-human-health
#7
REVIEW
Lygia Therese Budnik, Balazs Adam, Maria Albin, Barbara Banelli, Xaver Baur, Fiorella Belpoggi, Claudia Bolognesi, Karin Broberg, Per Gustavsson, Thomas Göen, Axel Fischer, Dorota Jarosinska, Fabiana Manservisi, Richard O'Kennedy, Johan Øvrevik, Elizabet Paunovic, Beate Ritz, Paul T J Scheepers, Vivi Schlünssen, Heidi Schwarzenbach, Per E Schwarze, Orla Sheils, Torben Sigsgaard, Karel Van Damme, Ludwine Casteleyn
The WHO has ranked environmental hazardous exposures in the living and working environment among the top risk factors for chronic disease mortality. Worldwide, about 40 million people die each year from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) including cancer, diabetes, and chronic cardiovascular, neurological and lung diseases. The exposure to ambient pollution in the living and working environment is exacerbated by individual susceptibilities and lifestyle-driven factors to produce complex and complicated NCD etiologies...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439689/acceptability-of-financial-incentives-for-maintenance-of-weight-loss-in-mid-older-adults-a-mixed-methods-study
#8
Bronwyn McGill, Blythe J O'Hara, Anne C Grunseit, Adrian Bauman, Dale Osborne, Luke Lawler, Philayrath Phongsavan
BACKGROUND: Health insurers worldwide implement financial incentive schemes to encourage health-related behaviours, including to facilitate weight loss. The maintenance of weight loss is a public health challenge, and as non-communicable diseases become more prevalent with increasing age, mid-older adults could benefit from programs which motivate weight loss maintenance. However, little is understood about their perceptions of using financial incentives to maintain weight loss. METHODS: We used mixed methods to explore the attitudes and views of participants who had completed an Australian weight loss and lifestyle modification program offered to overweight and obese health insurance members with weight-related chronic diseases, about the acceptability and usefulness of different types of financial incentives to support weight loss maintenance...
February 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438486/the-role-of-the-food-industry-in-health-lessons-from-tobacco
#9
Simon Capewell, Ffion Lloyd-Williams
Introduction: In this review, we highlight poor diet as the biggest risk factor for non-communicable diseases. We examine the denial tactics used by the food industry, how they reflect the tactics previously used by the tobacco industry, and how campaigners can use this knowledge to achieve future public health successes. Sources of data: Data sources are wide ranging, notably publications relating to public health, obesity and processed food, the effectiveness hierarchy and food industry denialism tactics...
February 9, 2018: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437200/kunskap-om-levnadsvanor-v%C3%A3-rderas-olika-p%C3%A3-l%C3%A3-karutbildningarna-en-genomg%C3%A3-ng-av-124-skriftliga-examinationer
#10
Benno Krachler, Lars Jerdén, Christina Lindén
Substantial differences in valuation of lifestyle-related knowledge at Swedish medical schools Lifestyle factors are crucial for prevention and management of many non-communicable diseases such as hypertension, stroke, diabetes, coronary heart disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Lifestyle medicine is included in national learning outcomes for undergraduate medical education in Sweden. Since assessment drives learning, we reviewed questions from 124 written examinations from all 7 medical schools in Sweden, conducted between 2012 and 2015...
February 9, 2018: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435910/the-impact-of-cardiovascular-medication-use-on-patients-daily-lives-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Danielle M van der Laan, Petra J M Elders, Christel C L M Boons, Giel Nijpels, Janet Krska, Jacqueline G Hugtenburg
Background The management of multiple long-term medicines of patients with chronic diseases creates a burden for patients. However, limited research is performed on its impact on patients' daily lives. Objective The aim of this study was to explore the impact of cardiovascular medication on different daily life aspects and to examine differences of these aspects between adherent and non-adherent patients. Setting Two community pharmacies in the Netherlands. Method In this cross-sectional study patients (≥ 45 years) using cardiovascular medication participated...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435443/global-non-communicable-diseases-the-nutrition-conundrum
#12
Shweta Khandelwal, Anura Kurpad, K M Venkat Narayan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434687/is-fetal-type-posterior-cerebral-artery-a-risk-factor-for-intracranial-aneurysm-as-analyzed-by-multislice-ct-angiography
#13
Zhen He, Yeda Wan
Fetal-type posterior cerebral artery (FTP) is a common anatomic variation that is closely associated with intracranial aneurysm. In the present study, multislice computed tomography angiography (CTA) was performed to assess whether FTP is a risk factor for intracranial aneurysm. CTA data of 364 consecutive cases of patients who were suspected with cerebrovascular disease or intracranial aneurysm of intracranial artery from 2013 to 2016 were reviewed and the incidence rates of FTP, other variations of the circle of Willis, intracranial aneurysm and FTP with intracranial aneurysm were evaluated...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434532/reflections-on-the-ethics-of-participatory-visual-methods-to-engage-communities-in-global-health-research
#14
Gillian F Black, Alun Davies, Dalia Iskander, Mary Chambers
There is a growing body of literature describing conceptual frameworks for working with participatory visual methods (PVM). Through a global health lens, this paper examines some key themes within these frameworks. We reflect on our experiences of working with with an array of PVM to engage community members in Vietnam, Kenya, the Philippines and South Africa in biomedical research and public health. The participants that we have engaged in these processes live in under-resourced areas with high prevalence of communicable and non-communicable diseases...
2018: Global Bioethics, Problemi di Bioetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434010/national-prevalence-of-self-reported-coronary-heart-disease-and-chronic-stable-angina-pectoris-factor-analysis-of-the-underlying-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-the-fourth-round-of-the-surfncd-2011
#15
Mehrshad Abbasi, Mohamadreza Neishaboury, Jalil Koohpayehzadeh, Koorosh Etemad, Alipasha Meysamie, Fereshteh Asgari, Sina Noshad, Mohsen Afarideh, Alireza Ghajar, Morsaleh Ganji, Ali Rafei, Mostafa Mousavizadeh, Elias Khajeh, Behnam Heidari, Mohammad Saadat, Manouchehr Nakhjavani, Alireza Esteghamati
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the most common causes of mortality worldwide. The national prevalence remains unclear in most of the developing countries. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to estimate national prevalence of self-reported CHD and chronic stable angina pectoris in the general adult population of Iran using data from the fourth round of the Surveillance of Risk Factors of Non-Communicable Diseases (SuRFNCD-2011) survey. METHODS: The analysis comprised data of 11,867 civilian, nonhospitalized and noninstitutionalized residents ages 6 to 70 years of age...
February 9, 2018: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433783/targeting-the-pains-of-food-insecurity-and-malnutrition-among-internally-displaced-persons-with-nutrient-synergy-and-analgesics-in-organ-meat
#16
REVIEW
Peter O Fayemi, Voster Muchenje, Hasan Yetim, Abdulatef Ahhmed
Living with pain is one of the distressing effects of food insecurity and malnutrition among millions of internally displaced persons (IDPs) worldwide. Vulnerability to emotional pain, metabolic imbalance, chronic illnesses and non-communicable diseases by IDPs are associated with stressed livelihood and restricted access to balanced diets in their camps. Tackling the complexity of issues related to internal displacement is challenging as 45% are globally trapped in protracted conditions. In this review, a diet-based intervention is proposed considering the potential benefits of nutrient synergy and analgesic constituents in organ meat...
February 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433782/keystones-affecting-sub-saharan-africa-s-prospects-for-achieving-food-security-through-balanced-diets
#17
Julian May
Socio-economic dynamics determine the transition from diets characterized by the risk of famine, to those characterized by the risk of diet-related non-communicable disease (DR-NCD). This transition is of particular concern in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) in which key socio-economic interactions that influence diet include economic growth and rapid urbanization; inequality and a growing middle class; and obesogenic food environments and an increasing prevalence of DR-NCD. In each case, countries in SSA are among those experiencing the most rapid change in the world...
February 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433600/development-and-preliminary-testing-of-the-brief-developmental-assessment-an-early-recognition-tool-for-children-with-heart-disease
#18
Jo Wray, Katherine L Brown, Deborah Ridout, Monica Lakhanpaul, Liz Smith, Angie Scarisbrick, Sara O'Curry, Aparna Hoskote
Introduction Neurodevelopmental abnormalities are common in children with CHD and are the highest-priority concerns for parents and professionals following cardiac surgery in childhood. There is no additional routine monitoring of development for children with CHD in the United Kingdom; hence, neurodevelopmental concerns may be detected late, precluding early referral and intervention. METHODS: An early recognition tool - the "Brief Developmental Assessment" - was developed using quality improvement methodology involving several iterations and rounds of pilot testing...
February 13, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433517/quality-of-life-of-patients-with-first-time-ami-a-descriptive-study
#19
Mandreker Bahall, Katija Khan
BACKGROUND: Outcomes following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) may result in death, increased morbidity, and change in quality of life (QOL). This study explores health-related QOL of first-time patients following AMI. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used a sample of patients with first-time AMI experienced between April 2011 and March 2015 at a tertiary health institution. Recruited patients belonged to different post-AMI periods: 2-10 weeks, 5-22 months, and > 22 months to 4 years post AMI...
February 13, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433455/elevated-blood-pressure-among-primary-school-children-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#20
Alfa J Muhihi, Marina A Njelekela, Rose N M Mpembeni, Bikolimana G Muhihi, Amani Anaeli, Omary Chillo, Sulende Kubhoja, Benjamin Lujani, Mwanamkuu Maghembe, Davis Ngarashi
BACKGROUND: Whilst the burden of non-communicable diseases is increasing in developing countries, little data is available on blood pressure among Tanzanian children. This study aimed at determining the blood pressure profiles and risk factors associated with elevated blood pressure among primary school children in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. METHODS: We conducted a cross sectional survey among 446 children aged 6-17 years from 9 randomly selected primary schools in Dar es Salaam...
February 13, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
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