keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Thyroid

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055029/cancer-incidence-in-adults-living-in-the-vicinity-of-nuclear-power-plants-in-france-based-on-data-from-the-french-network-of-cancer-registries
#1
Alice Desbiolles, Candice Roudier, Sarah Goria, Morgane Stempfelet, Cécile Kairo, Cécile Quintin, Marie-Laure Bidondo, Alain Monnereau, Blandine Vacquier
Nuclear power plants (NPPs) release toxic emissions into the environment that may affect neighboring populations. This ecologic study was designed to investigate the possibility of an excess incidence of cancer in the vicinity of French NPPs by examining the incidence by municipality of 12 types of cancer in the population aged 15 years and older during the 1995-2011 period. Population exposure to pollution was estimated on the basis of distance from towns of residence to the NPP. Using regression models, we assessed the risk of cancer in a 20-kilometer zone around NPPs and observed an excess incidence of bladder cancer (Relative Risk (RR), 95% Credibility Interval (95% CI)) in men and women (RRmen = 1...
October 21, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055016/sgk1-is-a-critical-component-of-an-akt-independent-pathway-essential-for-pi3k-mediated-tumor-development-and-maintenance
#2
Arturo Orlacchio, Michela Ranieri, Martina Brave, Valeria Antico Arciuch, Toni Forde, Daniela De Martino, Karen E Anderson, Phillip Hawkins, Antonio Di Cristofano
Activation of the PI3K-AKT signaling cascade is a common critical event during malignant transformation. In this study, we used thyroid gland epithelial cells and a series of genetically engineered mouse strains as model systems to demonstrate that, while necessary, AKT activation is not sufficient for PI3K-driven transformation. Instead, transformation requires the activity of the PDK1-regulated AGC family of protein kinases. In particular, SGK1 was found to be essential for proliferation and survival of thyroid cancer cells harboring PI3K-activating mutations...
October 20, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054761/differential-expression-levels-of-plasma-microrna-in-hashimoto-s-disease
#3
Lijuan Zhao, Xin Zhou, Xia Shan, Lian-Wen Qi, Tongshan Wang, Jun Zhu, Danxia Zhu, Zebo Huang, Lan Zhang, Huo Zhang, Yin Yin, Zhiyan Wang, Wei Zhu, Wenfang Cheng, Lin Jiang
BACKGROUND: The altered expression of circulating miRNAs has been discovered in many autoimmune diseases (ADs). With rare existing research, it is still unclear in Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). We detected plasma miRNA expression of HT patients in this three-stage designed study. METHODS: Differently expressed miRNAs (4 HT pools vs. 1 normal control pool) were identified using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) based Exiqon panel (miRCURY-Ready-to-Use- PCR-Human- panel-I+II-V1...
October 17, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054708/semantic-analysis-of-thyroid-cancer-cell-proteins-obtained-from-rare-research-opportunities
#4
Johann Bauer, Daniela Grimm, Erich Gombocz
Research in natural sciences is mainly done by means of experiments. Some of those experiments such as spaceflight-dependent experiments are extremely laborious, complex and expensive. Hence, they often remain rare events with little chances of statistical tests and possibilities of repetition. In order to make each single event as valuable as possible, a sophisticated comparison of experimental data received with the hundreds of millions of computer-stored documents appears necessary. We used results of an earlier study on proteome analysis of microgravity-exposed human thyroid cancer cells, selected twenty proteins which appeared gravity sensitive and investigated whether their change observed in cells under the loss of gravity could cause health problems in astronauts...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054676/is-diagnostic-performance-of-quantitative-2d-shear-wave-elastography-optimal-for-clinical-classification-of-benign-and-malignant-thyroid-nodules-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Haliimah A Nattabi, Norhafidzah M Sharif, Noorazrul Yahya, Rozilawati Ahmad, Mazlyfarina Mohamad, Faizah M Zaki, Ahmad N Yusoff
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: This study is a dedicated 2D-shear wave elastography (2D-SWE) review aimed at systematically eliciting up-to-date evidence of its clinical value in differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus databases were searched for studies assessing the diagnostic value of 2D-SWE for thyroid malignancy risk stratification published until December 2016. The retrieved titles and abstracts were screened and evaluated according to the predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria...
October 17, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054175/effect-of-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-on-thyroid-function-in-euthyroid-patients-with-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes
#6
Fangyuan Liu, Jianzhong Di, Haoyong Yu, Junfeng Han, Yuqian Bao, Weiping Jia
BACKGROUND: The impact of bariatric surgery on thyroid hormone levels is poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: To investigate changes in serum-free thyroxine (FT4) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in euthyroid patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes. SETTING: University Hospital, China. METHODS: Eighty-one euthyroid Chinese patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes who underwent RYGB, and 20 healthy volunteers were enrolled in this retrospective study...
October 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053902/sonographic-evaluation-of-the-vagus-nerves-protocol-reference-values-and-side-to-side-differences
#7
Johann Otto Pelz, Elena Belau, Philipp Henn, Niels Hammer, Joseph Classen, David Weise
INTRODUCTION: Reported sonographic reference values for the vagus nerves (VNs) vary greatly. We aimed to generate reference values in a large cohort and to examine intra-rater-, inter-rater- and across-ultrasound systems agreement. METHODS: The VNs of 60 healthy subjects were examined by two sonographers and with two ultrasound systems. Cross-sectional areas (CSA) of each VN were assessed at the level of the carotid sinus (proximal measurement level [ML]) and at the level of the thyroid gland (distal ML)...
October 20, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053503/lenalidomide-associated-thyroid-related-eyelid-retraction
#8
Geraldine R Slean, Rona Z Silkiss
Several antineoplastic treatments have been responsible for thyroid dysfunction and thyroid eye disease. Min, Vaidya, and Becker (2011) reported a case of euthyroid Graves orbitopathy after treatment with ipilimumab with the patient displaying proptosis and myositis in the setting of normal thyroid function tests and elevated thyroid antibodies. The authors report a case of a 76-year-old woman who developed right upper lid retraction and proptosis after 2.5 years of treatment with lenalidomide for multiple myeloma...
October 19, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053044/superior-ophthalmic-vein-thrombosis-a-rare-complication-of-graves-orbitopathy
#9
Dante Sorrentino, Kenneth J Taubenslag, Lance M Bodily, Katherine Duncan, Tonya Stefko, Jenny Y Yu
Superior ophthalmic vein thrombosis is a rare, life- and sight-threatening complication of both infectious and inflammatory orbital disease as well as hypercoagulable state. Only one case of superior ophthalmic vein thrombosis due to thyroid eye disease has been reported in the literature. This article describes the diagnosis and management of a case of superior ophthalmic vein thrombosis due to Graves' orbitopathy. Early diagnosis is critical to facilitate timely therapeutic intervention. Superior ophthalmic vein thrombosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of acute on chronic proptosis in the setting of Graves' orbitopathy, and may represent and under-recognized and under-diagnosed clinical entity...
October 20, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053038/igg4-related-orbital-disease-masquerading-as-thyroid-eye-disease-vice-versa-or-both
#10
Joyce Khandji, Ashley A Campbell, Alison B Callahan, Portia Sirinek, Michael Kazim
A 40 year-old male presented after one year of unilateral, progressive, steroid-responsive, orbital inflammatory disease causing proptosis, extraocular muscle (EOM) restriction, and compressive optic neuropathy. The development of anti-thyroidal antibodies prompted the diagnosis of thyroid eye disease (TED); however, the prolonged active phase, remarkable reversibility of ophthalmic features with high-dose corticosteroids, unilaterally of disease, uncharacteristic EOM involvement (including both obliques), and the absence of autoimmune thyroid disease provoked consideration of alternative diagnoses...
October 20, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052599/noninvasive-follicular-thyroid-neoplasm-with-papillary-like-nuclear-features-a-review-for-pathologists
#11
REVIEW
Raja R Seethala, Zubair W Baloch, Justine A Barletta, Elham Khanafshar, Ozgur Mete, Peter M Sadow, Virginia A LiVolsi, Yuri E Nikiforov, Giovanni Tallini, Lester Dr Thompson
The rising incidence of papillary thyroid carcinoma is linked in part to inclusion of noninvasive follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma. Despite its designation as carcinoma, noninvasive follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma appears to be exceptionally indolent, often over treated by current treatment practices. Additionally, criteria for diagnosis have historically been subjective and challenging. Recently, an international multidisciplinary collaborative group performed a clinicopathologic survey of such cases with extended follow-up and concluded based on the outcome data that a revision in nomenclature was warranted, proposing 'Noninvasive Follicular Thyroid Neoplasm with Papillary-like Nuclear Features (NIFTP)...
October 20, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052179/thyroid-reoperation-using-intraoperative-neuromonitoring
#12
Beata Wojtczak, Krzysztof Sutkowski, Krzysztof Kaliszewski, Marcin Barczyński, Marek Bolanowski
PURPOSE: Thyroid reoperations are at a high risk of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury. The aim of the study was to investigate whether the use of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) can aid in the RLN identification and minimize the risk of its injury, in comparison with visual RLN identification. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent thyroid reoperations with and without the use of IONM. Primary endpoint was the RLN identification rate; secondary: the prevalence of RLN injury, the frequency of total thyroidectomies, and the course of the RLN...
October 19, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052174/phagocytosis-deficiency-of-macrophages-in-nod-h-2-h4-mice-accelerates-the-severity-of-iodine-induced-autoimmune-thyroiditis
#13
Xue He, Chuhui Xiong, Aihua Liu, Wei Zhao, Xinghai Xia, Shiqiao Peng, Chenyan Li, Mi Zhou, Yushu Li, Xiaoguang Shi, Zhongyan Shan, Weiping Teng
Apoptosis occurs in many autoimmune diseases. Excess iodine induces thyrocyte apoptosis and increases the incidence and prevalence of autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT). However, the sequence of events between the appearance of thyrocyte apoptosis and the occurrence of thyroiditis remains uncharacterized. Furthermore, few studies have investigated the role of macrophage phagocytosis in the development of AIT. Therefore, we evaluated the relationship between apoptosis and inflammatory infiltration in NOD.H-2(h4) mouse thyroids by comparing the sequence of events in tissue samples...
October 20, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051792/papillary-thyroid-cancer-recurrence-43%C3%A2-years-following-total-thyroidectomy-and-radioactive-iodine-ablation-a-case-report
#14
Yaw Amoako-Tuffour, M Elise Graham, Martin Bullock, Matthew H Rigby, Jonathan Trites, S Mark Taylor, Robert D Hart
BACKGROUND: Recurrent papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) beyond the first two decades of definitive treatment (i.e. total thyroidectomy and radioactive iodine ablation) is a rare occurrence. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a 71-year old Caucasian female with a distant history of PTC treated with total thyroidectomy and radioactive iodine ablation who experienced recurrence of her disease 43 years following initial diagnosis and definitive treatment. She presented with palpable left-sided neck mass and subsequently underwent a level II, III, neck dissection and adjuvant iodine ablation...
2017: Thyroid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051791/hyalinizing-trabecular-tumor-of-the-thyroid-gland-and-its-significant-diagnostic-issue
#15
Dustin J Jones, Christopher R Kieliszak, Sanjay S Patel, Christopher R Selinsky
BACKGROUND: Hyalinizing trabecular tumors (HTT) are rare follicular cell-derived tumors of the thyroid gland that are infrequently reported in otolaryngology literature. We present here an interesting case of HTT which provides the basis for review of this entity's clinical characteristics, criteria useful in making the diagnosis, and any currently available therapeutic modalities. CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old Caucasian female underwent a CT scan of her chest and was incidentally found to have a nodule within the right thyroid lobe...
2017: Thyroid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051478/genetic-accommodation-via-modified-endocrine-signalling-explains-phenotypic-divergence-among-spadefoot-toad-species
#16
Saurabh S Kulkarni, Robert J Denver, Ivan Gomez-Mestre, Daniel R Buchholz
Phenotypic differences among species may evolve through genetic accommodation, but mechanisms accounting for this process are poorly understood. Here we compare hormonal variation underlying differences in the timing of metamorphosis among three spadefoot toads with different larval periods and responsiveness to pond drying. We find that, in response to pond drying, Pelobates cultripes and Spea multiplicata accelerate metamorphosis, increase standard metabolic rate (SMR), and elevate whole-body content of thyroid hormone (the primary morphogen controlling metamorphosis) and corticosterone (a stress hormone acting synergistically with thyroid hormone to accelerate metamorphosis)...
October 19, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051397/in-situ-preservation-of-the-partathyroid-glands-in-total-thyroidectomy-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#17
Vincenzo Ambrogi, Erina Alushi, Antonio Montemurro, Arvin Dibra, Mario Stefani, Filadelfo Coniglione, Francesco Rulli
AIM: Severe hypocalcemia due to parathyroid gland damage may be a serious complication after thyroidectomy. In order to save parathyroid integrity we developed a no-touch parathyroid (NTP) thyroidectomy technique. METHODS: We performed a total extracapsular thyroidectomy with NTP technique in consecutive 50 cases of benign goiter between July 2014 and June 2015. Parathyroid glands were firstly indentified, then they were separated from the thyroid avoiding manipulation or trauma and preserving their vascularization...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051343/iodinated-contrast-agents-perturb-iodide-uptake-by-the-thyroid-independently-of-free-iodide
#18
Georges Vassaux, Colette Zwarthoed, Laurie Signetti, Julien Guglielmi, Catherine Compin, Jean-Marie Guigonis, Thierry Juhel, Olivier Humbert, Danielle Benisvy, Thierry Pourcher, Beatrice Cambien
The perturbation of thyroid iodide uptake is a well-documented side effect of the utilization of iodinated contrast media (ICM) administrated intravenously. This side effect is thought to be mediated by free iodide in ICM formulations but this hypothesis has never been formally demonstrated. The aim of the present paper is to assess the validity of this hypothesis. Methods: We used mass spectrometry analysis to quantify free-iodide contamination in ICM. Established cell lines expressing the Na/I symporter (NIS) were used to quantify the effect of ICM on iodide uptake...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051191/role-of-thyroid-hormone-in-skeletal-muscle-physiology
#19
Flavia F Bloise, Aline Cordeiro, Tania Maria Ortiga-Carvalho
Thyroid hormones (TH) are crucial for development, growth, differentiation, metabolism and thermogenesis. Skeletal muscle (SM) contractile function, myogenesis and bioenergetic metabolism are influenced by TH. These effects depend on the presence of the TH transporters MCT8 and MCT10 in the plasma membrane, the expression of TH receptors (THRA or THRB) and hormone availability, which is determined either by the activation of thyroxine (T4) into triiodothyronine (T3) by type 2 iodothyronine deiodinases (D2) or by the inactivation of T4 into reverse T3 by deiodinases type 3 (D3)...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050706/endocrine-sequelae-in-childhood-cancer-survivors
#20
Paula Casano Sancho
Thanks to the advances in cancer treatment, the five-year survival rate after childhood cancer has increased up to 80%. Therefore 1/500 young adults will be a survivor. Endocrine sequelae are most common, affecting 40-60% of survivors. The most frequent sequelae include growth failure and gonadal and thyroid diseases. Sequelae occur more frequently in survivors from central nervous system tumors, leukemia, and lymphoma. Their development will depend on the type of cancer, its location, age at diagnosis, and treatment administered...
November 2017: Endocrinología, diabetes y nutrición
keyword
keyword
522
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"