Read by QxMD icon Read


S Zhang, D D Li, F Zeng, Z H Zhu, P Song, M Zhao, J A Duan
A novel water-soluble flavonoid with good anti-bacterial activities, naringenin-6″-succl-7-O-glucoside (7-SGN), was synthesised. It was biotransformed from naringenin by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens FJ18 in aqueous miscible organic media, and characterised by LC-MS and NMR analysis. The solubility of 7-SGN in water was approximately 102 times higher than that of naringenin. These results demonstrated that both the water solubility and the anti-bacterial activity of 7-SGN were significantly improved.
February 15, 2018: Natural Product Research
Fawzi Mahomoodally, Shanoo Suroowan
Common auto-inflammatory disorders (CAIDs) induce considerable suffering over the world. A panoply of synthetic medications areis available for theirits management. Nonetheless, available drug classes are limited by adverse effects, low systemic absorption, and high costs. In addition, no cure exists for most CAIDs. Interestingly, herbal products present a tremendous potential for development as anti-inflammatory agents. In this endeavor, major scientific databases; Google Scholar, Pubmed, ScienceDirect, and Scopus were explored to highlight novel therapeutic approaches using herbal products for CAIDs prophylaxis, management, treatment, and prevention of relapse...
February 12, 2018: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
Latifeh Ahmadi, Xiuming Hao, Rong Tsao
BACKGROUND: The effect of light transmission (direct and diffuse) on the phenolic compounds of five tomato cultivars was investigated under controlled conditions in greenhouses covered with different covering materials. RESULTS: The type of covering materials and type of diffusion of light simultaneously affected the reducing power of cultivars. In the present study, a two-way analysis of variance showed statistically significant differences in total phenolic compound (TPC) for the different cultivars (P<0...
February 13, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Sugumar Mani, Sathiya Sekar, Rajamani Barathidasan, Thamilarasan Manivasagam, Arokiasamy Justin Thenmozhi, Murugan Sevanan, Saravana Babu Chidambaram, Musthafa Mohamed Essa, Gilles J Guillemin, Meena Kishore Sakharkar
The present study was designed to ascertain the role of naringenin (NGN), a citrus fruit flavanone, against 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced α-synuclein (SYN) pathology and neuroinflammation in a mouse model. NGN was administered to C57BL/6J mice once a day for 5 consecutive days prior to the MPTP intoxication. On day 5, 40-50 min after the NGN or vehicle administration, MPTP was injected in two divided doses (2× 40 mg/kg, i.p. at 16 h apart). The animals were observed for motor functions 48 h after the first MPTP injection...
February 9, 2018: Neurotoxicity Research
Marcos Roberto de Oliveira, Cláudia Marlise Balbinotti Andrade, Cristina Ribas Fürstenau
Naringenin (NGN; 5,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2,3-dihydrochromen-4-one; C15H12O5), a flavanone, is found in citrus fruits and has been viewed as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent. NGN is a potent inducer of the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and upregulates the expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), an enzyme exhibiting both antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. The complete mechanism by which NGN exerts anti-inflammatory actions is not completely understood yet. Therefore, we investigated here whether NGN would be able to reduce the inflammation induced by paraquat (PQ) in SH-SY5Y cells...
February 6, 2018: Neurochemical Research
Sun-Ha Park, Chang Woo Lee, Sung Mi Cho, Hyoungseok Lee, Hyun Park, Jungeun Lee, Jun Hyuck Lee
Chalcone isomerase (CHI) is an important enzyme for flavonoid biosynthesis that catalyzes the intramolecular cyclization of chalcones into (S)-flavanones. CHIs have been classified into two types based on their substrate specificity. Type I CHIs use naringenin chalcone as a substrate and are found in most of plants besides legumes, whereas type II CHIs in leguminous plants can also utilize isoliquiritigenin. In this study, we found that the CHI from the Antarctic plant Deschampsia antarctica (DaCHI1) is of type I based on sequence homology but can use type II CHI substrates...
2018: PloS One
Mirtha Navarro, Ileana Moreira, Elizabeth Arnaez, Silvia Quesada, Gabriela Azofeifa, Felipe Vargas, Diego Alvarado, Pei Chen
The phenolic composition of skin and flesh from Malus domestica apples (Anna cultivar) and Prunus domestica plums (satsuma cultivar) commercial cultivars in Costa Rica, was studied using Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography coupled with High Resolution Mass Spectrometry (UPLC-DAD-ESI-MS) on enriched-phenolic extracts, with particular emphasis in proanthocyanidin and flavonoids characterization. A total of 52 compounds were identified, including 21 proanthocyanidins ([(+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin]) flavan-3-ols monomers, five procyanidin B-type dimers and two procyanidin A-type dimers, five procyanidin B-type trimers and two procyanidin A-type trimers, as well as one procyanidin B-type tetramer, two procyanidin B-type pentamers, and two flavan-3-ol gallates); 15 flavonoids (kaempferol, quercetin and naringenin derivatives); nine phenolic acids (protochatechuic, caffeoylquinic, and hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives); five hydroxychalcones (phloretin and 3-hydroxyphloretin derivatives); and two isoprenoid glycosides (vomifoliol derivatives)...
January 30, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
Shun Katsumata, Hiroaki Toshima, Morifumi Hasegawa
Sakuranetin (1) is a rice flavanone-type phytoalexin. We have already reported that the metabolites from the detoxification of 1 by Pyriculariaoryzae are naringenin (2) and sternbin. In this study, we investigated whether the rice sheath blight fungus Rhizoctoniasolani, another major rice pathogen, can detoxify 1. The extract of R. solani suspension culture containing 1 was analyzed by LC-MS to identify the metabolites of 1. Three putative metabolites of 1 were detected in the extract from the R. solani suspension culture 12 h after the addition of 1, and they were identified as 2, sakuranetin-4'-O-β-d-xylopyranoside (3), and naringenin-7-O-β-d-xylopyranoside (4) by NMR, LC-MS/MS, and GC-MS analyses...
January 29, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Yasushi Aizawa, Shigeaki Sunada, Hirokazu Hirakawa, Akira Fujimori, Takamitsu A Kato, Mitsuru Uesaka
In this study, three novel flavonoid composite materials, created by combining an aglycone [quercetin (QUE), hesperetin (HES) or naringenin (NAR)] with monoglucosyl rutin (MGR), were designed to test for improved radioprotectivity compared with that provided by administration of MGR alone. Aglycone in the MGR-composite state was highly soluble in water, compared with aglycone alone dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide or distilled water. The antioxidant activity of the three flavonoid composites was as high as that of MGR only...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Radiation Research
Bao Liu, Min Wang, Xiaonan Wang
Respiratory bacterial infections are responsible for significant mortality across the world and with emergence of drug resistant bacterial strains there is urgent need to look for new treatment options. In this study we evaluated the antimicrobial activity of methanolic extract of Bergenia purpurasceus in vitro and in neonatal rats. The results of the present study revealed that the methanolic extract exhibits antimicrobial activity against all the bacterial species with MIC ranging from 75 to 150 μg/ml...
January 20, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Jungwhoi Lee, Jungsul Lee, Myungseung Kim, Jae Hoon Kim
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most dangerous cancers with high mortality rates. Despite continuous efforts, there has been limited improvement in its prognosis. In this study, we prepared fermented extract of Citrus unshiu peel (fCUP) from the by-product after juice processing and then examined the anticancer effects of fCUP on human pancreatic cancer cells. Treatment with fCUP inhibited the growth of human pancreatic cancer cells through induction of caspase-3 cleavage both in vitro and in vivo. Treatment with fCUP also blocked the migration of human pancreatic cancer cells through activation of intracellular signaling pathways such as MKK3/6 and P38...
January 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
Muneeb U Rehman, Manzoor Ur Rahman Mir, Adil Farooq, Shahzada Mudasir Rashid, Bilal Ahmad, Sheikh Bilal Ahmad, Rayeesa Ali, Ishraq Hussain, Mubashir Masoodi, Showkeen Muzamil, Hassan Madkhali, Majid Ahmad Ganaie
Colon cancer is a world-wide health problem and one of the most dangerous type of cancer, affecting both men and women. Naringenin (4, 5, 7-trihydroxyflavanone) is one of the major flavone glycoside present in citrus fruits. Naringenin has long been used in Chinese's traditional medicine because of its exceptional pharmacological properties and non-toxic nature. In the present study, we investigated the chemopreventive potential of Naringenin against 1,2-dimethyhydrazine (DMH)-induced precancerous lesions, that is, aberrant crypt foci (ACF) and mucin depleted foci (MDF), and its role in regulating the oxidative stress, inflammation and hyperproliferation, in the colon of Wistar rats...
January 18, 2018: Environmental Toxicology
Vasanti M Suvarna, Preeti C Sangave
Darunavir ethanolate (DRV) is an efficient protease inhibitor (PI) used in the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type-1 patients. An isocratic reversed-phase HPLC method was developed to monitor concentration of darunavir in in vitro intestinal fluid samples in everted sac absorption model in the presence of bioenhancers, viz., piperine, quercetin, naringenin. The method was validated and successfully applied to everted sac and pharmacokinetic studies in rats. The absorption profiles of DRV and apparent permeability coefficients were determined...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Meriem Bouanini, Nasser Belboukhari, J Carlos Menéndez, Khaled Sekkoum, Abdelkarim Cheriti, Hassan Y Aboul-Enein
A series of 4-iminonaringenin derivatives 2-6 have been prepared in good overall yields from a condensation reaction between naringenin and primary amines. The structures of all products were confirmed by ultraviolet, infrared, proton nuclear magnetic resonance, and carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic techniques. These derivatives were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography using polysaccharide-based chiral stationary phases, namely, Chiralpak IB and Chiralcel OD, using various mobile phases...
January 15, 2018: Chirality
Junpeng Wang, Ying Qi, Xinli Niu, Hua Tang, Simin Nikbin Meydani, Dayong Wu
Autoimmune disease is highly prevalent in humans. Since conventional therapies have limited efficacy and often come with significant side effects, nutrition may provide an alternative and complementary approach to improving autoimmune disorders. Naringenin, a flavonoid found in citrus fruits, has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Using the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a rodent model of human multiple sclerosis, we determined the effect of dietary naringenin (0...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Vijaydev Ganesan, Zhenghong Li, Xiaonan Wang, Haoran Zhang
Co-culture engineering is an emerging approach for microbial biosynthesis of a variety of biochemicals. In this study, E. coli-E. coli co-cultures were developed for heterologous biosynthesis of the natural product naringenin. The co-cultures were composed of two independent E. coli strains dedicated to functional expression of different portions of the biosynthetic pathway, respectively. The co-culture biosynthesis was optimized by investigating the effect of carbon source, E. coli strain selection, timing of IPTG induction and the inoculation ratio between the co-culture strains...
September 2017: Synthetic and Systems Biotechnology
Laraib Liaquat, Zehra Batool, Sadia Sadir, Sahar Rafiq, SidrahShahzad, Tahira Perveen, Saida Haider
AIMS: Free radical mediated neurotoxicity is a leading cause of neurodegenerative disorders. Neurodegeneration due to oxidative stress can produce cognitive dysfunctions. Flavonoids and curcuminoids are naturally occurring polyphenolic compounds that display a variety of therapeutic importance against oxidative stress. MAIN METHODS: This study was designed to assess potential role of polyphenolic compounds in neurocognitive functions and prevention against oxidative stress...
December 26, 2017: Life Sciences
Jing Jiang, Ren-Ping Wang, Ming-Hui Hou, Han-Yun Liu, Han Zhang, Chang-Song Jiang
Rehum emodi is an important medicinal herbal and has been reported to exhibit tremendous pharmacological potential. The present study was designed to evaluate the antibacterial activity of hydromethanolic extract of rhizome of Rehum emodi against the acute gastroenteriti bacterial strains. The antimicrobial activity was determined by micro-dilution method. Antioxidant activity was determined by DPPH assay and cytotoxicity by MTT assay. Phytochemical analysis was carried out by LC/MS analysis. The results of the present study showed that hydromethanolic extract of rhizome of Rehum emodi (REE) exhibited significant antimicrobial activity against the gastroenteriti bacterial strains...
December 16, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
Sandip Kumar Mukherjee, Rahul Shubhra Mandal, Santasabuj Das, Mandira Mukherjee
AIMS: β-lactamase inhibitor resistance(BLIR) among the uropathogenic E.coli (UPEC) minimizes treatment options. This study aims to identify inhibitor-resistant TEM (IRT) β-lactamase that impart BLIR phenotype and explore non-β-lactams as alterative therapeutics. METHODS AND RESULTS: 30 BLIR UPEC isolates was detected by Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion technique using β-lactam-β-lactamase inhibitor combination. Conjugal transfer of BLIR was successful from 17 isolates...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
Sutapa Roy, Etta Nuckles, Douglas D Archbold
Colletotrichum acutatum is responsible for anthracnose fruit rot, one of the most devastating diseases in strawberry. Phenolic compounds have been described as contributors to anthracnose resistance in strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa, Duch.). Six isolates of Colletotrichum acutatum and four isolates of three other Colletotrichum species, C. gloeosporioides, C. fragariae, and C. graminicola, associated with disease symptoms were investigated in this study. The potential inhibitory effect of phenolic acids (gallic acid, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, ferulic acid, trans-cinnamic acid, p-coumaric acid, salicylic acid), flavonoids (catechin, quercetin, naringenin), and ellagic acid, which are naturally found in strawberry, were screened against two different spore suspension concentrations of the Colletotrichum isolates at 5, 10, 50 mM in vitro...
December 15, 2017: Current Microbiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"