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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945049/-standardization-of-names-in-prescriptions-of-traditional-chinese-medicines
#1
Chao-Feng Li, Yu-Jun Zhang, Dong-He Fan, Meng-Jie Zhang, Xue Bai, Wen-Hua Yang, Shu-Ya Qi, Zhi-Jie Zhang, Chun-Miao Xue, Liu-Ying Mao, Jun-Ling Cao
Chinese medicine prescriptions are a type of medical documents written by doctors after they understand the patients' conditions for syndrome differentiation. Chinese medicine prescriptions are also the basis for pharmacy personnel to dispense medicines and guide patients to use drugs. It has the legal, technical and economic significances. Chinese medicine prescriptions contain such information of names, quantity and usage. Whether the names of drugs in Chinese medicine prescriptions are standardized or not is directly related to the safety and efficacy of the drugs...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945046/-analysis-of-on-medication-rules-for-qi-deficiency-and-blood-stasis-syndrome-of-chronic-heart-failure-based-on-data-mining-technology
#2
Qian Wang, Geng-Zhen Yao, Guang-Ming Pan, Jing-Yi Huang, Yi-Pei An, Xu Zou
To analyze the medication features and the regularity of prescriptions of traditional Chinese medicine in treating patients with Qi-deficiency and blood-stasis syndrome of chronic heart failure based on modern literature. In this article, CNKI Chinese academic journal database, Wanfang Chinese academic journal database and VIP Chinese periodical database were all searched from January 2000 to December 2015 for the relevant literature on traditional Chinese medicine treatment for Qi-deficiency and blood-stasis syndrome of chronic heart failure...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945045/-real-world-analysis-to-explore-clinical-features-of-shenxiong-glucose-injection-combined-with-other-medications
#3
Gui-Qian Wang, Yan-Ming Xie, Huan Liu, Yin Zhang, Ping-Ping Jia, Yan Zhuang
To explore the real world clinical medication and combination characteristics of Shenxiong glucose injection. The basic information of patients with Shenxiong glucose injection, traditional Chinese and western medicine diagnosis information, doctor advice information and laboratory test information from the hospital information system(HIS) of 19 tertiary hospitals in China. Apriori algorithm was adopted to establish the models, and Clementine 12.0 was used for correlation analysis to analyze the real world clinical medication and combination characteristics of Shenxiong glucose injection...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945026/-dna-marker-assisted-selection-of-medicinal-plants-%C3%A2-breeding-research-of-disease-resistant-cultivars-of-panax-notoginseng
#4
Qing Li, Biao Li, Shun-Xing Guo
SSR is one of the most important molecular markers used in molecular identification and genetic diversity research of Dendrobium nobile. In order to enrich the library of SSR and establish a method for rapid identification of D. nobile, the SSR information was analyzed in the transcriptome of D. nobile. A total of 32 709 SSRs were obtained from the transcriptome of D. nobile, distributed in 26 742 unigenes with the distribution frequency of 12.90%. SSR loci occurred every 3 748 bp. Mono-nucleotide repeat was the main type, account for as much as 72...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945001/organ-on-a-chip-technology-for-reproducing-multiorgan-physiology
#5
REVIEW
Seung Hwan Lee, Jong Hwan Sung
In the drug development process, the accurate prediction of drug efficacy and toxicity is important in order to reduce the cost, labor, and effort involved. For this purpose, conventional 2D cell culture models are used in the early phase of drug development. However, the differences between the in vitro and the in vivo systems have caused the failure of drugs in the later phase of the drug-development process. Therefore, there is a need for a novel in vitro model system that can provide accurate information for evaluating the drug efficacy and toxicity through a closer recapitulation of the in vivo system...
September 25, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944997/desire-for-parenthood-and-reproductive-health-knowledge-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease-and-their-caregivers
#6
Leena Nahata, Nicole M Caltabellotta, Kyle Ball, Sarah H O'Brien, Susan E Creary
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Sickle cell disease (SCD) and hydroxyurea have implications for fertility and reproductive health. The goal of this study was to examine desire for parenthood and reproductive health knowledge among a cohort of adolescent and young adult (AYA) with SCD receiving hydroxyurea and their caregivers at a large pediatric academic center. METHODS: Patients with SCD were approached from September 2016 to July 2017 if they were: (1) 12-20 years old, (2) prescribed hydroxyurea for at least 6 months, (3) proficient in English, and (4) accompanied by a caregiver who was proficient in English and willing to participate...
September 25, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944991/a-qualitative-study-exploring-midwives-perceptions-and-knowledge-of-maternal-obesity-reflecting-on-their-experiences-of-providing-healthy-eating-and-weight-management-advice-to-pregnant-women
#7
Mary T McCann, Lisa Newson, Catriona Burden, Jane S Rooney, Margaret S Charnley, Julie C Abayomi
Midwives are responsible for providing advice regarding the complex issues of healthy eating and weight management during pregnancy. This study utilised an inductive data-driven thematic approach in order to determine midwives' perceptions, knowledge, and experiences of providing healthy eating and weight management advice to pregnant women. Semistructured interviews with 17 midwives were transcribed verbatim and data subjected to thematic analysis. The findings offer insight into the challenges facing midwives in their role trying to promote healthy eating and appropriate weight management to pregnant women...
September 25, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944987/the-international-society-for-bipolar-disorders-task-force-report-on-pediatric-bipolar-disorder-knowledge-to-date-and-directions-for-future-research
#8
REVIEW
Benjamin I Goldstein, Boris Birmaher, Gabrielle A Carlson, Melissa P DelBello, Robert L Findling, Mary Fristad, Robert A Kowatch, David J Miklowitz, Fabiano G Nery, Guillermo Perez-Algorta, Anna Van Meter, Cristian P Zeni, Christoph U Correll, Hyo-Won Kim, Janet Wozniak, Kiki D Chang, Manon Hillegers, Eric A Youngstrom
OBJECTIVES: Over the past two decades, there has been tremendous growth in research regarding bipolar disorder (BD) among children and adolescents (ie, pediatric BD [PBD]). The primary purpose of this article is to distill the extant literature, dispel myths or exaggerated assertions in the field, and disseminate clinically relevant findings. METHODS: An international group of experts completed a selective review of the literature, emphasizing areas of consensus, identifying limitations and gaps in the literature, and highlighting future directions to mitigate these gaps...
September 25, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944981/a-qualitative-study-on-the-attributes-of-nurses-workplace-social-capital-in-japan
#9
Kensuke Norikoshi, Toshio Kobayashi, Keiji Tabuchi
AIM: To identify attributes of nurses' workplace social capital in Japan. BACKGROUND: Much attention has been paid to nurses' workplace social capital to improve the quality of the work environment; however, few studies are available on the attributes of nurses' workplace social capital. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 32 nurses at seven hospitals. Nurses reported on the attributes of workplace social capital, such as characteristics facilitating individual positive action in an organisation, which were qualitatively analysed using the Kawakita Jiro method...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944977/characterization-of-dicarboxylic-naphthenic-acid-fraction-compounds-utilizing-amide-derivatization-proof-of-concept
#10
Kevin A Kovalchik, Matthew S MacLennan, Kerry M Peru, Chukwuemeka Ajaero, Dena W McMartin, John V Headley, David D Y Chen
RATIONALE: The characterization of naphthenic acid fraction compounds (NAFCs) in oil sands process affected water (OSPW) is of interest for both toxicology studies and regulatory reasons. Previous studies utilizing authentic standards have identified dicarboxylic naphthenic acids using two-dimensional gas chromatography hyphenated to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GCxGC/TOFMS). The selective derivatization of hydroxyl groups has also recently aided in the characterization of oxy-NAFCs, and indirectly the characterization of dicarboxylic NAFCs...
September 25, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944961/two-case-studies-on-how-study-designs-can-be-made-more-informative-using-modeling-and-simulation-approaches
#11
Philip J Lowe, Martin Fink, Mark N Milton
Drug development should extract maximum information from experiments with minimized exposure of patients or experimental animals to invasive procedures and potentially harmful effects with minimized investment of time and money. Herein, two aspects of study design are explored illustrating how information can be extracted more efficiently by investigating a range of exposures within each individual by either following responses as drug concentrations decline or by within-individual dose escalation, rather than relying on steady-state cross-sectional analyses...
September 25, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944952/bypassing-agent-prophylaxis-in-people-with-hemophilia-a-or-b-with-inhibitors
#12
REVIEW
Chatree Chai-Adisaksopha, Sarah J Nevitt, Mindy L Simpson, Maissaa Janbain, Barbara A Konkle
BACKGROUND: People with hemophilia A or B with inhibitors are at high risk of bleeding complications. Infusion of bypassing agents, such as recombinant activated FVII (rFVIIa) and plasma-derived activated prothrombin complex concentrate, are suggested as alternative therapies to factor VIII (haemophilia A) or IX (haemophilia B) for individuals who no longer respond to these treatments because they develop inhibitory antibodies. The ultimate goal of treatment is to preserve the individual's joints, otherwise destroyed by recurrent bleeds...
September 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944929/oncogenic-mir%C3%A2-132-sustains-proliferation-and-self%C3%A2-renewal-potential-by-inhibition-of-polypyrimidine-tract%C3%A2-binding-protein-2-in-glioblastoma-cells
#13
Silong Lou, Jia Ji, Xin Cheng, Jian Ruan, Rong Li, Zhengjun Guo
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the leading type of brain tumor, exhibiting unlimited proliferation and invasion potential. The present study indicated that a high expression level of miR‑132 was detected in the neural subtype of GBM and predicted an unfavorable prognosis for patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas cohort (n=526). Cox hazard regression analysis demonstrated miR‑132 as an independent prognostic indicator for GBM patients. Further in vitro experiments indicated that miR‑132 promoted the proliferation and sphere formation of U87 cells...
September 21, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944917/application-of-a-co%C3%A2-expression-network-for-the-analysis-of-aggressive-and-non%C3%A2-aggressive-breast-cancer-cell-lines-to-predict-the-clinical-outcome-of-patients
#14
Ling Guo, Kun Zhang, Zhitong Bing
Breast cancer metastasis is a demanding problem in clinical treatment of patients with breast cancer. It is necessary to examine the mechanisms of metastasis for developing therapies. Classification of the aggressiveness of breast cancer is an important issue in biological study and for clinical decisions. Although aggressive and non‑aggressive breast cancer cells can be easily distinguished among different cell lines, it is very difficult to distinguish in clinical practice. The aim of the current study was to use the gene expression analysis from breast cancer cell lines to predict clinical outcomes of patients with breast cancer...
September 25, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944902/rna%C3%A2-sequence-analysis-of-samples-from-patients-with-idiopathic-adhesive-capsulitis
#15
Jiaming Cui, Tongda Zhang, Jianyi Xiong, Wei Lu, Li Duan, Weimin Zhu, Daping Wang
The present study aimed to investigate idiopathic adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder), to gain insights on its pathogenesis, diagnosis and therapeutic targets. Using RNA‑sequencing (seq), the present study investigated differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in five samples from five idiopathic adhesive capsulitis patients and two samples from two acromioclavicular dislocation patients, without idiopathic adhesive capsulitis. The DEGs were analyzed using the following tools: Gene Ontology enrichment analysis, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways analysis and protein‑protein interaction analysis...
September 21, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944822/investigation-of-crucial-genes-and-micrornas-in-conventional-osteosarcoma-using-gene-expression-profiling-analysis
#16
Chuangang Peng, Qi Yang, Bo Wei, Baoming Yuan, Yong Liu, Yuxiang Li, Dawer Gu, Guochao Yin, Bo Wang, Dehui Xu, Xuebing Zhang, Daliang Kong
The present study aimed to screen potential genes associated with conventional osteosarcoma (OS) and obtain further information on the pathogenesis of this disease. The microarray dataset GSE14359 was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus. A total of 10 conventional OS samples and two non‑neoplastic primary osteoblast samples in the dataset were selected to identify the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) using the Linear Models for Microarray Data package. The potential functions of the DEGs were predicted using Gene Ontology (GO) and pathway enrichment analyses...
September 18, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944813/transparent-amorphous-strontium-titanate-resistive-memories-with-transient-photo-response
#17
Taimur Ahmed, Sumeet Walia, Jeeson Kim, Hussein Nili, Rajesh Ramanathan, Edwin L H Mayes, Desmond W M Lau, Omid Kavehei, Vipul Bansal, Madhu Bhaskaran, Sharath Sriram
Transparent non-volatile memory devices are desirable for realizing visually-clear integrated systems for information storage. Optical transparency provides advantages in applications such as smart glass electronic devices and wearable electronics. However, achieving high transparency limits the choice of active layers as well as the electrodes; thereby, constraining device processing and performance. Here, we demonstrate bilayer transparent memory cells using room temperature deposited amorphous strontium titanate as the functional material and indium tin oxide electrodes...
September 25, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944791/coherent-evolution-of-singlet-spin-states-in-photo-phip-and-m2s-experiments
#18
A N Pravdivtsev, A V Yurkovskaya, P A Petrov, H-M Vieth
A consistent theoretical description of the spin dynamics underlying photo-PHIP (para-hydrogen induced polarization) experiments is given and validated experimentally: spectra from zero-quantum coherence (ZQC) "in-phase" and "out-of-phase" were obtained and evolution of ZQCs and the population of singlet spin state was tracked and modeled. Data from recent literature [O. Torres et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2014] are reinterpreted. Advantages of using M2S sequences such as APSOC for detecting photo-PHIP are demonstrated...
September 25, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944780/demographic-history-selection-and-functional-diversity-of-the-canine-genome
#19
REVIEW
Elaine A Ostrander, Robert K Wayne, Adam H Freedman, Brian W Davis
The domestic dog represents one of the most dramatic long-term evolutionary experiments undertaken by humans. From a large wolf-like progenitor, unparalleled diversity in phenotype and behaviour has developed in dogs, providing a model for understanding the developmental and genomic mechanisms of diversification. We discuss pattern and process in domestication, beginning with general findings about early domestication and problems in documenting selection at the genomic level. Furthermore, we summarize genotype-phenotype studies based first on single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping and then with whole-genome data and show how an understanding of evolution informs topics as different as human history, adaptive and deleterious variation, morphological development, ageing, cancer and behaviour...
September 25, 2017: Nature Reviews. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944752/a-randomised-controlled-study-of-the-effectiveness-of-breathing-retraining-exercises-taught-by-a-physiotherapist-either-by-instructional-dvd-or-in-face-to-face-sessions-in-the-management-of-asthma-in-adults
#20
Mike Thomas, Anne Bruton, Paul Little, Stephen Holgate, Amanda Lee, Lucy Yardley, Steve George, James Raftery, Jennifer Versnel, David Price, Ian Pavord, Ratko Djukanovic, Michael Moore, Sarah Kirby, Guiqing Yao, Shihua Zhu, Emily Arden-Close, Manimekalai Thiruvothiyur, Frances Webley, Mark Stafford-Watson, Elizabeth Dixon, Lynda Taylor
BACKGROUND: Asthma control is suboptimal, resulting in quality of life (QoL) impairment and costs. Breathing retraining exercises have evidence of effectiveness as adjuvant treatment, but are infrequently used. OBJECTIVES: To transfer the contents of a brief (three-session) physiotherapist-delivered breathing retraining programme to a digital versatile disc (DVD) and booklet format; to compare the effectiveness of the self-guided intervention with that of 'face-to-face' physiotherapy and usual care for QoL and other asthma-related outcomes; to perform a health economic assessment of both interventions; and to perform a process evaluation using quantitative and qualitative methods...
September 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
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