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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770649/the-happy-culture-a-theoretical-meta-analytic-and-empirical-review-of-the-relationship-between-culture-and-wealth-and-subjective-well-being
#1
Piers Steel, Vasyl Taras, Krista Uggerslev, Frank Bosco
Do cultural values enhance financial and subjective well-being (SWB)? Taking a multidisciplinary approach, we meta-analytically reviewed the field, found it thinly covered, and focused on individualism. In counter, we collected a broad array of individual-level data, specifically an Internet sample of 8,438 adult respondents. Individual SWB was most strongly associated with cultural values that foster relationships and social capital, which typically accounted for more unique variance in life satisfaction than an individual's salary...
August 1, 2017: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767464/role-of-osteogenic-coatings-on-implant-surfaces-in-promoting-bone-to-implant-contact-in-experimental-osteoporosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Alexis Ghanem, Sergio Varela Kellesarian, Tariq Abduljabbar, Nawwaf Al-Hamoudi, Fahim Vohra, Fawad Javed
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the role of osteogenic coatings (placement of a thin film of organic and inorganic osteoinductive and osteoproliferative materials) on implant surfaces in augmenting bone-to-implant contact (BIC) in osteoporotic bone. DATA SOURCES: To answer the focused question "Do osteogenic coatings on implant surfaces increase BIC in osteoporotic bone?" PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, ISI Web of Knowledge, Scopus, and Google-Scholar databases were searched till June 2017 using different combinations of the following key words: bone-to-implant contact, coating, implant surface, osseointegration, and osteoporosis...
July 31, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766279/spectrum-of-pachychoroid-diseases
#3
REVIEW
Sezen Akkaya
PURPOSE: To perform a systematic review of the literature examining about the pachychoroid diseases spectrum. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using the Medline database. A total of four studies directly relevant to our search are reviewed here. RESULTS: A structurally and functionally intact choroid tissue is vitally important for the retina function. While central retinal artery is responsible to supply the 2/3, internal part of the retina, choroidal vein network is responsible for the remaining 1/3 external part...
August 1, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760795/workforce-characteristics-and-interventions-associated-with-high-quality-care-and-support-to-older-people-with-cancer-a-systematic-review
#4
Jackie Bridges, Grace Lucas, Theresa Wiseman, Peter Griffiths
OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the evidence base on the effectiveness of workforce interventions for improving the outcomes for older people with cancer, as well as analysing key features of the workforce associated with those improvements. DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: Relevant databases were searched for primary research, published in English, reporting on older people and cancer and the outcomes of interventions to improve workforce knowledge, attitudes or skills; involving a change in workforce composition and/or skill mix; and/or requiring significant workforce reconfiguration or new roles...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756383/relationship-between-initial-therapy-and-blood-pressure-control-for-high-risk-hypertension-patients-in-the-uk-a-retrospective-cohort-study-from-the-thin-general-practice-database
#5
Sharada Weir, Attila Juhasz, Jorge Puelles, Travis S Tierney
OBJECTIVE: To examine the UK practice patterns in treating newly diagnosed hypertension and to determine whether subgroups of high-risk patients are more or less likely to follow particular therapeutic protocols and to reach blood pressure goals. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: This study examined adults in The Health Improvement Network (THIN) UK general practice medical records database who were initiated on medication for hypertension...
July 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749897/role-of-scleral-contact-lenses-in-management-of-coexisting-keratoconus-and-stevens-johnson-syndrome
#6
Varsha M Rathi, Mukesh Taneja, Srikanth Dumpati, Preeji S Mandathara, Virender S Sangwan
PURPOSE: To report the rare coexistence of keratoconus and Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) managed with scleral contact lenses (ScCLs). METHODS: This is a retrospective case series. Five patients (9 eyes) who had coexisting SJS and corneal ectasia were identified from the database during the 2-year period. Diagnosis of SJS was based on a positive history of drug reactions, signs of ocular surface disease, and the presence of keratinization of lid margins. Keratoconus was diagnosed by slit-lamp biomicroscopy...
July 26, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730887/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-pneumonia-associated-with-thin-liquid-vs-thickened-liquid-intake-in-patients-who-aspirate
#7
Asako Kaneoka, Jessica M Pisegna, Hiroki Saito, Melody Lo, Katey Felling, Nobuhiko Haga, Michael P LaValley, Susan E Langmore
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether drinking thin liquids with safety strategies increases the risk for pneumonia as compared with thickened liquids in patients who have demonstrated aspiration of thin liquids. DATA SOURCES: Seven electronic databases, one clinical register, and three conference archives were searched. No language or publication date restrictions were imposed. Reference lists were scanned and authors and experts in the field were contacted. REVIEW METHODS: A blind review was performed by two reviewers for published or unpublished randomized controlled trials and prospective non-randomized trials comparing the incidence of pneumonia with intake of thin liquids plus safety strategies vs...
August 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724122/association-between-patient-age-and-lymph-node-positivity-in-thin-melanoma
#8
Andrew J Sinnamon, Madalyn G Neuwirth, Pratyusha Yalamanchi, Phyllis Gimotty, David E Elder, Xiaowei Xu, Rachel R Kelz, Robert E Roses, Emily Y Chu, Michael E Ming, Douglas L Fraker, Giorgos C Karakousis
Importance: More than half of all new melanoma diagnoses present as clinically localized T1 melanoma, yet sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is controversial in this population given the overall low yield. Guidelines for SLNB have focused on pathologic factors, but patient factors, such as age, are not routinely considered. Objectives: To identify indicators of lymph node (LN) metastasis in thin melanoma in a large, generalizable data set and to evaluate the association between patient age and LN positivity...
July 19, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717562/development-of-thin-skin-mimicking-bilayer-solid-tissue-phantoms-for-optical-spectroscopic-studies
#9
K Bala Nivetha, N Sujatha
In vivo spectroscopic measurements have the proven potential to provide important insight about the changes in tissue during the development of malignancies and thus help to diagnose tissue pathologies. Extraction of intrinsic data in the presence of varying amounts of scatterers and absorbers offers great challenges in the development of such techniques to the clinical level. Fabrication of optical phantoms, tailored to the biochemical as well as morphological features of the target tissue, can help to generate a spectral database for a given optical spectral measurement system...
July 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691840/eating-disorder-specific-risk-factors-moderate-the-relationship-between-negative-urgency-and-binge-eating-a-behavioral-genetic-investigation
#10
Sarah E Racine, Jessica L VanHuysse, Pamela K Keel, S Alexandra Burt, Michael C Neale, Steven Boker, Kelly L Klump
Theoretical models of binge eating and eating disorders include both transdiagnostic and eating disorder-specific risk factors. Negative urgency (i.e., the tendency to act impulsively when distressed) is a critical transdiagnostic risk factor for binge eating, but limited research has examined interactions between negative urgency and disorder-specific variables. Investigating these interactions can help identify the circumstances under which negative urgency is most strongly associated with binge eating. We examined whether prominent risk factors (i...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654548/histopathologic-review-of-negative-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsies-in-thin-melanomas-an-argument-for-the-routine-use-of-immunohistochemistry
#11
Anne M Stowman, Alexandra W Hickman, Alejandro A Gru, Craig L Slingluff
Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is performed for some thin melanomas in the presence of concerning histopathological features. There are no defined standards for how sentinel nodes should be processed to detect microscopic metastases. We compared our method of serially sectioning nodes at 2-3 mm intervals and performing one hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) slide versus multiple H&E levels and utilizing immunohistochemistry (IHC). This was a retrospective review of a prospectively collected database identified patients with thin melanomas treated with wide local excision and SLNB between 1995 and 2010...
August 2017: Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651424/estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-renal-scan-and-volumetric-assessment-of-the-kidney-before-and-after-partial-nephrectomy-a-review-of-the-current-literature
#12
Riccardo G Bertolo, Homayoun Zargar, Riccardo Autorino, Cristian Fiori, Jihad H Kaouk, Paul Russo, Robert H Thompson, Francesco Porpiglia
INTRODUCTION: The best method for assessing renal function after partial nephrectomy (PN) continues to be a matter of debate. Early studies evaluated kidney function by measuring serum creatinine (sCr) and/or the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), potentially underestimating the contribution of the contralateral kidney in masking alterations in renal function. Since then, researchers have studied the operated renal unit with the aid of nuclear renal scans (RS). However, taking into consideration the importance of the amount of renal parenchyma spared or sacrificed during PN, many novel methods have been proposed for determining kidney volume before and after PN...
June 23, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640657/retinal-findings-on-oct-in-systemic-conditions
#13
Preeti Patil Chhablani, Vikas Ambiya, Akshay G Nair, Sailaja Bondalapati, Jay Chhablani
PURPOSE: Imaging technology has advanced by leaps and bounds in the recent past and has resulted in a much greater understanding of ocular diseases. The aim of this review article is to summarize optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings of various systemic conditions. METHOD: A systematic literature search of the Medline/PubMed database was performed. English articles up to April 2015 were included. Terms used for search included: Alzheimer's Disease; Multiple Sclerosis; Parkinson's Disease; Behçet's Disease; Schizophrenia; Migraine; Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome; Neurofibromatosis; Sickle Cell Disease; Renal diseases; Lupus Retinopathy; Valsalva Retinopathy; Whiplash Retinopathy; Shaken-Baby Syndrome; Choroidal metastases; Intracranial Hypertension; Drug toxicity; Deferoxamine; Sildenafil; Tamoxifen; Hydroxychloroquine; Chloroquine; Ethambutol; Lead; Sickle Cell Disease; and Thalassemia along with OCT...
June 22, 2017: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632452/the-effect-of-g-csf-on-infertile-women-undergoing-ivf-treatment-a-meta-analysis
#14
Jie Li, Sien Mo, Yang Chen
Evidence for the effect of granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) on infertile women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) remains inconsistent. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of G-CSF on infertile women undergoing IVF. PubMed and EMBASE databases were searched before August 2016. Comparing the transvaginal perfusion of G-CSF and placebo or no treatment, the available studies were considered. The pooled risk ratio (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) was used in the analysis and six studies were included...
August 2017: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632041/automated-volumetry-of-hippocampus-is-useful-to-confirm-unilateral-mesial-temporal-sclerosis-in-patients-with-radiologically-positive-findings
#15
Guilherme Silva, Cristina Martins, Nádia Moreira da Silva, Duarte Vieira, Dias Costa, Ricardo Rego, José Fonseca, João Paulo Silva Cunha
Background and purpose We evaluated two methods to identify mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS): visual inspection by experienced epilepsy neuroradiologists based on structural magnetic resonance imaging sequences and automated hippocampal volumetry provided by a processing pipeline based on the FMRIB Software Library. Methods This retrospective study included patients from the epilepsy monitoring unit database of our institution. All patients underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging in 1.5T and 3T scanners with protocols that included thin coronal T2, T1 and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery and isometric T1 acquisitions...
August 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622550/effect-of-gels-containing-chlorhexidine-or-epigallocatechin-3-gallate-on-the-protein-composition-of-the-acquired-enamel-pellicle
#16
Cíntia Maria de Souza-E-Silva, Talita Mendes da Silva Ventura, Luiza de Pau, la Silva Cassiano, Aline de Lima Leite, Marília Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated changes in protein profile of the acquired enamel pellicle (AEP) formed in vivo, after application of gels containing chlorhexidine or EGCG and further challenge with citric acid. DESIGN: AEP was formed in 9 volunteers for 2h and then treated with one of the following gels: placebo, 400μM EGCG or 0.012% chlorhexidine. A thin layer of gel was applied and after 1min the excess was removed. One hour after gel application, the AEP was collected from the buccal surface (upper and lower jaw) of one of the sides with filter paper dipped in 3% citric acid...
June 3, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612381/body-mass-index-as-a-predictor-of-outcomes-among-pediatric-kidney-transplant-recipient
#17
André A S Dick, Ryan N Hansen, Martin I Montenovo, Patrick J Healey, Jodi M Smith
Controversies exist regarding the impact of obesity on patients undergoing kidney transplantation. We sought to estimate the association between BMI and patient outcomes (survival and graft function) among pediatric kidney transplant patients in the USA. We conducted a retrospective analysis of the United Network for Organ Sharing database (1987-2013), which revealed 13 014 pediatric patients (<18 years old) who underwent primary kidney transplantation. Patients were stratified into five BMI categories established by the World Health Organizations according to their Z score, which is based on age, gender and BMI...
June 13, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605551/abc-2-method-does-not-accurately-predict-cerebral-arteriovenous-malformation-volume
#18
Christopher Roark, Venu Vadlamudi, Neeraj Chaudhary, Joseph J Gemmete, Joshua Seinfeld, B Gregory Thompson, Aditya S Pandey
BACKGROUND: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is a treatment option for cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) to prevent intracranial hemorrhage. The decision to proceed with SRS is usually based on calculated nidal volume. Physicians commonly use the ABC/2 formula, based on digital subtraction angiography (DSA), when counseling patients for SRS. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether AVM volume calculated using the ABC/2 method on DSA is accurate when compared to the exact volume calculated from thin-cut axial sections used for SRS planning...
June 10, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598761/the-health-economic-burden-that-acute-and-chronic-wounds-impose-on-an-average-clinical-commissioning-group-health-board-in-the-uk
#19
J F Guest, K Vowden, P Vowden
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the patterns of care and related resource use attributable to managing acute and chronic wounds among a catchment population of a typical clinical commissioning group (CCG)/health board and corresponding National Health Service (NHS) costs in the UK. METHOD: This was a sub-analysis of a retrospective cohort analysis of the records of 2000 patients in The Health Improvement Network (THIN) database. Patients' characteristics, wound-related health outcomes and health-care resource use were quantified for an average CCG/health board with a catchment population of 250,000 adults ≥18 years of age, and the corresponding NHS cost of patient management was estimated at 2013/2014 prices...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597282/the-general-surgeon-s-perspective-of-rectus-diastasis-a-systematic-review-of-treatment-options
#20
Elwin H H Mommers, Jeroen E H Ponten, Aminah K Al Omar, Tammo S de Vries Reilingh, Nicole D Bouvy, Simon W Nienhuijs
BACKGROUND: Diastasis of the rectus abdominis muscles (DRAM) is characterised by thinning and widening of the linea alba, combined with laxity of the ventral abdominal musculature. This causes the midline to "bulge" when intra-abdominal pressure is increased. Plastic surgery treatment for DRAM has been thoroughly evaluated, though general surgical treatments and the efficacy of physiotherapy remain elusive. The aim of this systematic literature review is to evaluate both general surgical and physiotherapeutic treatment options for restoring DRAM in terms of postoperative complications, patient satisfaction, and recurrence rates...
June 8, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
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