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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904953/endometrial-preparation-with-dienogest-before-hysteroscopic-surgery-a-systematic-review
#1
Antonio Simone Laganà, Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Vincenzo Muscia, Paola Rossetti, Massimo Buscema, Onofrio Triolo, Agnese Maria Chiara Rapisarda, Loretta Giunta, Vittorio Palmara, Roberta Granese, Helena Ban Frangež, Andrea Romano
PURPOSE: Hysteroscopic surgery is considered the gold standard for the minimal invasive treatment of many endouterine diseases such as endometrial polyps or submucous myomas. Recently, many studies have evaluated the effect of preoperative administration of a number of drugs to reduce endometrial thickness and achieve important intraoperative advantages. The purpose of this systematic review is to summarize the available evidence about the use of Dienogest, an orally administrable progestin, for endometrial preparation before hysteroscopic surgery...
November 30, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893220/is-body-dissatisfaction-changing-across-time-a-cross-temporal-meta-analysis
#2
Bryan T Karazsia, Sarah K Murnen, Tracy L Tylka
It remains unclear whether body dissatisfaction, a widely recognized predictor of eating-related pathologies and depressive symptomatology, is consistent across cohorts and time. This question is important to investigate because dominant theories propose that sociocultural influences, which may fluctuate, play an important role in the development of body dissatisfaction. Previous efforts for tracking body dissatisfaction across cohorts and time are limited by relying on data from a single institution or using assessments that lack psychometric support across genders...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878598/implementing-the-free-water-protocol-does-not-result-in-aspiration-pneumonia-in-carefully-selected-patients-with-dysphagia-a-systematic-review
#3
Anna Gillman, Renata Winkler, Nicholas F Taylor
The Frazier Free Water Protocol was developed with the aim of providing patients with dysphagia an option to consume thin (i.e. unthickened) water in-between mealtimes. A systematic review was conducted of research published in peer-reviewed journals. An electronic search of the EMBASE, CINAHL and MEDLINE databases was completed up to July 2016. A total of 8 studies were identified for inclusion: 5 randomised controlled trials, 2 cohort studies with matched cases and 1 single group pre-post intervention prospective study...
November 23, 2016: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865693/-point-by-point-approach-to-structure-function-correlation-of-glaucoma-on-the-ganglion-cell-complex-in-the-posterior-pole
#4
M Zeitoun
PURPOSE: To try to establish a "point by point" relationship between the local thickness of the retinal ganglion cell complex and its sensitivity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 104 glaucomatous eyes of 89 patients with a confirmed 24-2 visual field, were measured by superimposing the visual field, using imaging software, with the Wide 40° by 30° measurements of retinal ganglion cell complex obtained from the Topcon(©) 3D 2000 OCT, after upward adjustment, inversion and scaling...
November 17, 2016: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856481/cohort-study-investigating-the-relationship-between-cholesterol-cardiovascular-risk-score-and-the-prescribing-of-statins-in-uk-primary-care-study-protocol
#5
Samuel Finnikin, Ronan Ryan, Tom Marshall
INTRODUCTION: Risk scoring is an integral part of the prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and should form the basis for the decision to offer medication to reduce cholesterol (statins). However, there is a suggestion in the literature that many patients are still initiated on statins based on raised cholesterol rather than a raised CVD risk. It is important, therefore, to investigate the role that lipid levels and CVD risks have in the decision to prescribe. This research will establish how cholesterol levels and CVD risk independently influence the prescribing of statins for the primary prevention of CVD in primary care...
November 17, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852668/less-invasive-surfactant-administration-versus-intubation-for-surfactant-delivery-in-preterm-infants-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Jose C Aldana-Aguirre, Merlin Pinto, Robin M Featherstone, Manoj Kumar
CONTEXT: In spontaneously breathing preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) receiving nasal continuous positive airway pressure, a method of less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) using a thin catheter has been described as an alternative to endotracheal intubation for surfactant delivery to reduce lung injury. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing LISA with the standard method of surfactant delivery for clinical outcomes...
November 15, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843225/glaucoma-and-its-association-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-narrative-review
#7
REVIEW
Aditya Chaitanya, Vijaya H Pai, Aswini Kumar Mohapatra, Ramesh S Ve
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is one of the systemic risk factors for glaucoma which causes irreversible visual field (VF) damage. We reviewed the published data of all types of studies on the association between these two conditions and papers regarding functional and structural changes related to glaucomatous damage using Scopus, web of science, and PubMed databases. There is evidence that the prevalence of glaucoma is higher in OSA patients, which independent of intraocular pressure (IOP). Studies have reported thinning of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), alteration of optic nerve head, choroidal and macular thickness, and reduced VF sensitivity in patients of OSA with no history glaucoma...
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810345/classical-hallucinogens-and-neuroimaging-a-systematic-review-of-human-studies-hallucinogens-and-neuroimaging
#8
REVIEW
Rafael G Dos Santos, Flávia L Osório, José Alexandre S Crippa, Jaime E C Hallak
Serotonergic hallucinogens produce alterations of perceptions, mood, and cognition, and have anxiolytic, antidepressant, and antiaddictive properties. These drugs act as agonists of frontocortical 5-HT2A receptors, but the neural basis of their effects are not well understood. Thus, we conducted a systematic review of neuroimaging studies analyzing the effects of serotonergic hallucinogens in man. Studies published in the PubMed, Lilacs, and SciELO databases until 12 April 2016 were included using the following keywords: "ayahuasca", "DMT", "psilocybin", "LSD", "mescaline" crossed one by one with the terms "mri", "fmri", "pet", "spect", "imaging" and "neuroimaging"...
December 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808544/weight-suppression-predicts-bulimic-symptoms-at-20-year-follow-up-the-mediating-role-of-drive-for-thinness
#9
Lindsay P Bodell, Tiffany A Brown, Pamela K Keel
Weight suppression predicts the onset and maintenance of bulimic syndromes. Despite this finding, no study has examined psychological mechanisms contributing to these associations using a longitudinal design. Given societal pressures to be thin and an actual history of higher weight, it is possible that greater weight suppression contributes to increased fear of gaining weight and preoccupation with being thin, which increase vulnerability to eating disorders. The present study investigated whether greater drive for thinness mediates associations between weight suppression and bulimic symptoms over long-term follow-up...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808524/type-of-iconicity-matters-in-the-vocabulary-development-of-signing-children
#10
Gerardo Ortega, Beyza Sümer, Aslı Özyürek
Recent research on signed as well as spoken language shows that the iconic features of the target language might play a role in language development. Here, we ask further whether different types of iconic depictions modulate children's preferences for certain types of sign-referent links during vocabulary development in sign language. Results from a picture description task indicate that lexical signs with 2 possible variants are used in different proportions by deaf signers from different age groups. While preschool and school-age children favored variants representing actions associated with their referent (e...
November 3, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787616/evaluation-of-methods-to-estimate-missing-days-supply-within-pharmacy-data-of-the-clinical-practice-research-datalink-cprd-and-the-health-improvement-network-thin
#11
Kirsten J Lum, Craig W Newcomb, Jason A Roy, Dena M Carbonari, M Elle Saine, Serena Cardillo, Harshvinder Bhullar, Arlene M Gallagher, Vincent Lo Re
PURPOSE: The extent to which days' supply data are missing in pharmacoepidemiologic databases and effective methods for estimation is unknown. We determined the percentage of missing days' supply on prescription and patient levels for oral anti-diabetic drugs (OADs) and evaluated three methods for estimating days' supply within the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) and The Health Improvement Network (THIN). METHODS: We estimated the percentage of OAD prescriptions and patients with missing days' supply in each database from 2009 to 2013...
October 27, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782728/automatic-segmentation-of-the-glenohumeral-cartilages-from-magnetic-resonance-images
#12
A Neubert, Z Yang, C Engstrom, Y Xia, M W Strudwick, S S Chandra, J Fripp, S Crozier
PURPOSE: Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging plays a key role in investigating early degenerative disorders and traumatic injuries of the glenohumeral cartilages. Subtle morphometric and biochemical changes of potential relevance to clinical diagnosis, treatment planning, and evaluation can be assessed from measurements derived from in vivo MR segmentation of the cartilages. However, segmentation of the glenohumeral cartilages, using approaches spanning manual to automated methods, is technically challenging, due to their thin, curved structure and overlapping intensities of surrounding tissues...
October 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737831/impact-of-financial-incentives-on-alcohol-consumption-recording-in-primary-health-care-among-adults-with-schizophrenia-and-other-psychoses-a-cross-sectional-and-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Zarnie Khadjesari, Sarah L Hardoon, Irene Petersen, Fiona L Hamilton, Irwin Nazareth
AIMS: Lack of financial incentive is a frequently cited barrier to alcohol screening in primary care. The Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF) pay for performance scheme has reimbursed UK primary care practices for alcohol screening in people with schizophrenia since April 2011. This study aimed to determine the impact of financial incentives on alcohol screening by comparing rates of alcohol recording in people with versus those without schizophrenia between 2000 and 2013. METHODS: Cross-sectional and retrospective cohort study...
October 13, 2016: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729352/evolution-of-primary-care-databases-in-uk-a-scientometric-analysis-of-research-output
#14
Paraskevas Vezyridis, Stephen Timmons
OBJECTIVE: To identify publication and citation trends, most productive institutions and countries, top journals, most cited articles and authorship networks from articles that used and analysed data from primary care databases (CPRD, THIN, QResearch) of pseudonymised electronic health records (EHRs) in UK. METHODS: Descriptive statistics and scientometric tools were used to analyse a SCOPUS data set of 1891 articles. Open access software was used to extract networks from the data set (Table2Net), visualise and analyse coauthorship networks of scholars and countries (Gephi) and density maps (VOSviewer) of research topics co-occurrence and journal cocitation...
October 11, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720852/intermittent-nitrate-use-and-risk-of-hip-fracture
#15
Devyani Misra, Christine Peloquin, Douglas P Kiel, Tuhina Neogi, Na Lu, Yuqing Zhang
PURPOSE: Nitrates, commonly used antianginal medications, also have a beneficial effect on bone remodeling and bone density, particularly with intermittent use. However, their effect on fracture risk is not clear. We examined the relation of short-acting nitrate use (proxy for intermittent use) with the risk of hip fracture in a large cohort of older adults with ischemic heart disease. METHODS: Participants aged 60 years or more with ischemic heart disease and without a history of hip fracture from The Health Improvement Network, an electronic medical records database in the United Kingdom, were included...
October 6, 2016: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709979/risk-factors-that-predict-future-onset-of-each-dsm-5-eating-disorder-predictive-specificity-in-high-risk-adolescent-females
#16
Eric Stice, Jeff M Gau, Paul Rohde, Heather Shaw
Because no single report has examined risk factors that predict future onset each type of eating disorder and core symptom dimensions that crosscut disorders, we addressed these aims to advance knowledge regarding risk factor specificity. Data from 3 prevention trials that targeted young women with body dissatisfaction (N = 1,272; Mage = 18.5, SD = 4.2) and collected annual diagnostic interview data over 3-year follow-up were combined to identify predictors of subthreshold/threshold anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), binge eating disorder (BED), and purging disorder (PD)...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708178/pattern-recognition-assisted-infrared-library-searching-of-the-paint-data-query-database-to-enhance-lead-information-from-automotive-paint-trace-evidence
#17
Barry K Lavine, Collin G White, Matthew D Allen, Andrew Weakley
Multilayered automotive paint fragments, which are one of the most complex materials encountered in the forensic science laboratory, provide crucial links in criminal investigations and prosecutions. To determine the origin of these paint fragments, forensic automotive paint examiners have turned to the paint data query (PDQ) database, which allows the forensic examiner to compare the layer sequence and color, texture, and composition of the sample to paint systems of the original equipment manufacturer (OEM)...
October 5, 2016: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707591/impact-of-skin-cancer-screening-and-secondary-prevention-campaigns-on-skin-cancer-incidence-and-mortality-a-systematic-review
#18
Alicia Brunssen, Annika Waldmann, Nora Eisemann, Alexander Katalinic
BACKGROUND: Benefits of skin cancer screening remain controversial. OBJECTIVE: We sought to update evidence on the impact of skin cancer screening and secondary prevention campaigns on skin cancer incidence, mortality, stage-specific incidence, and interval cancers after negative screening. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for studies published in English or German between January 1, 2005, and February 4, 2015. Two reviewers independently performed study selection, data extraction, and critical appraisal...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699204/role-of-ultrasound-in-body-stalk-anomaly-and-amniotic-band-syndrome
#19
Madhavilatha Routhu, Sreedevi Thakkallapelli, Prashanthi Mohan, Nadeem Ahmed
Body stalk anomaly (BSA) and amniotic band syndrome (ABS) are rare similar fetal sporadic polymalformative syndromes of unknown etiology, though there are certain differences between them. BSA is a combination of developmental abnormalities involving neural tube, body wall, and the limbs with persistent extra embryonic coelomic cavity. ABS is characterized by the presence of thin membrane-like strands attached to fetal body parts and causing constrictions and amputations. This is a cohort study involving 32,100 patients who were referred for routine antenatal ultrasound scan...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662848/segond-fracture-an-mr-evaluation-of-146-patients-with-emphasis-on-the-avulsed-bone-fragment-and-what-attaches-to-it
#20
Dyan V Flores, Edward Smitaman, Brady K Huang, Donald L Resnick
OBJECTIVE: To re-evaluate the Segond fragment emphasizing those structures that attach to the fragment in patients with reported acute/subacute anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, and to clarify the nomenclature used to describe these structures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search of databases of knee MR examinations over 4.5 years with reported ACL tears yielded 19,726 studies. Using strict exclusion criteria, a total of 146 MR studies with acute/subacute ACL tears were re-assessed with respect to the Segond fragment's size, shape, orientation, location, displacement, attaching soft tissue structures, and associated osseous and/or soft tissue injuries...
September 24, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
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