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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933880/media-exposure-in-very-young-girls-prospective-and-cross-sectional-relationships-with-bmiz-self-esteem-and-body-size-stereotypes
#1
Rachel F Rodgers, Stephanie R Damiano, Eleanor H Wertheim, Susan J Paxton
Media exposure among young children has been suggested to influence self-concept and the adoption of social stereotypes regarding body weight, as well as being associated with increased weight. The aim of this study was to examine the role of TV/DVD viewing in the development of positive stereotypes toward thinness, self-esteem and body mass index standardized for child age and gender (BMIz) in very young girls. A sample of 143 girls completed interviews at ages 3, 4, and 5 years old. The interviews assessed positive stereotypes about thinness among girls, as well as age 5 dietary restraint...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926469/a-survey-of-glucocorticoid-adverse-effects-and-benefits-in-rheumatic-diseases-the-patient-perspective
#2
Rachel J Black, Susan M Goodman, Carlee Ruediger, Susan Lester, Sarah L Mackie, Catherine L Hill
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore, from the patient's perspective, the beneficial and adverse effects (AEs) of glucocorticoids (GCs) in patients with rheumatic diseases, to be used in the development of a patient-reported outcome measure. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey, capturing benefits and AEs of GC use, was administered to 2 groups of patients: (1) those attending a tertiary rheumatology clinic with various rheumatic diseases who had used GCs within the past year and (2) patients from the Hospital for Special Surgery rheumatoid arthritis database...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924571/tracking-and-diameter-estimation-of-retinal-vessels-using-gaussian-process-and-radon-transform
#3
Masoud Elhami Asl, Navid Alemi Koohbanani, Alejandro F Frangi, Ali Gooya
Extraction of blood vessels in retinal images is an important step for computer-aided diagnosis of ophthalmic pathologies. We propose an approach for blood vessel tracking and diameter estimation. We hypothesize that the curvature and the diameter of blood vessels are Gaussian processes (GPs). Local Radon transform, which is robust against noise, is subsequently used to compute the features and train the GPs. By learning the kernelized covariance matrix from training data, vessel direction and its diameter are estimated...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921735/three-shades-of-grey-detecting-brain-abnormalities-in-children-with-autism-by-using-source-voxel-and-surface-based-morphometry
#4
Edoardo Pappaianni, Roma Siugzdaite, Sofie Vettori, Paola Venuti, Remo Job, Alessandro Grecucci
Autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by deficits in social interactions, communication and stereotyped behavior. Recent evidence from neuroimaging supports the hypothesis that ASD deficits in adults may be related to abnormalities in a specific frontal-temporal network (Autism-specific Structural Network, ASN). To see whether these results extend to younger children and to better characterize these abnormalities, we applied three morphometric methods on brain grey matter of children with and without ASD...
September 16, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912476/enstrophy-transport-conditional-on-local-flow-topologies-in-different-regimes-of-premixed-turbulent-combustion
#5
Vassilios Papapostolou, Daniel H Wacks, Nilanjan Chakraborty, Markus Klein, Hong G Im
Enstrophy is an intrinsic feature of turbulent flows, and its transport properties are essential for the understanding of premixed flame-turbulence interaction. The interrelation between the enstrophy transport and flow topologies, which can be assigned to eight categories based on the three invariants of the velocity-gradient tensor, has been analysed here. The enstrophy transport conditional on flow topologies in turbulent premixed flames has been analysed using a Direct Numerical Simulation database representing the corrugated flamelets (CF), thin reaction zones (TRZ) and broken reaction zones (BRZ) combustion regimes...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878011/nondestructive-tissue-analysis-for-ex-vivo-and-in-vivo-cancer-diagnosis-using-a-handheld-mass-spectrometry-system
#6
Jialing Zhang, John Rector, John Q Lin, Jonathan H Young, Marta Sans, Nitesh Katta, Noah Giese, Wendong Yu, Chandandeep Nagi, James Suliburk, Jinsong Liu, Alena Bensussan, Rachel J DeHoog, Kyana Y Garza, Benjamin Ludolph, Anna G Sorace, Anum Syed, Aydin Zahedivash, Thomas E Milner, Livia S Eberlin
Conventional methods for histopathologic tissue diagnosis are labor- and time-intensive and can delay decision-making during diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. We report the development of an automated and biocompatible handheld mass spectrometry device for rapid and nondestructive diagnosis of human cancer tissues. The device, named MasSpec Pen, enables controlled and automated delivery of a discrete water droplet to a tissue surface for efficient extraction of biomolecules. We used the MasSpec Pen for ex vivo molecular analysis of 20 human cancer thin tissue sections and 253 human patient tissue samples including normal and cancerous tissues from breast, lung, thyroid, and ovary...
September 6, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866360/quantitative-assessment-of-mandibular-canal-compression-assessed-by-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#7
Fatima M Jadu, Daniah Alhazmi, Fatma F Badr, Ahmed M Jan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to objectively quantify the topographic relation of the mandibular canals, impacted third molars, and cortical plates using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was conducted using the database of a university-based imaging service. Two calibrated reviewers examined the CBCT images of 100 cases scheduled for mandibular third molar removal. They characterized the position and condition of the mandibular canal and measured its dimensions at 3 different points relative to the third molars...
August 2, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865238/association-between-insulin-induced-weight-change-and-cvd-mortality-evidence-from-a-historical-cohort-study-of-18-814-patients-in-uk-primary-care
#8
U Anyanwagu, J Mamza, R Donnelly, I Idris
BACKGROUND: This study explore the association of insulin-induced weight (wt) gain on CV outcomes and mortality amongst patients with T2D following insulin initiation using real-world data METHODS: A historical cohort study was performed in 18,814 adults with insulin-treated T2D derived from the UK Health Improvement Network (THIN) database. Based on the average weight change of 5kg, one year post-insulin initiation, patients were grouped into 5 categories (>5kg wt loss; 1.0-5.0kg wt loss; no wt change; 1...
September 2, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840705/-analysis-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-syndromes-in-159-german-migraine-patients
#9
Yang-Yang Yan, Jing-Zhang Dai, Chun-Xia Yang, Gen-Ming Zhang
Data mining method was adopted to collect 159 cases of German migraine patients who live in the TCM-Klinik Bad Kötzting Hospital from January 2013 to March 2015. The general case information was divided into age, gender, profession, characteristics of headache, degree of headache, accompanied symptoms and tongue pulse, and included in corresponding databases. Initial data was standardized and cleaned to get a data form suitable for analysis. SPSS system software was adopted to make a frequency statistics analysis for such variables as gender, age, profession, headache characteristic and accompanied symptoms...
July 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831527/use-of-antihistamines-and-risk-of-ventricular-tachyarrhythmia-a-nested-case-control-study-in-five-european-countries-from-the-aritmo-project
#10
Elisabetta Poluzzi, I Diemberger, M De Ridder, A Koci, M Clo, A Oteri, S Pecchioli, I Bezemer, T Schink, S Pilgaard Ulrichsen, G Boriani, M C J Sturkenboom, F De Ponti, G Trifirò
PURPOSE: After regulatory restrictions for terfenadine and astemizole in '90s, only scarce evidence on proarrhythmic potential of antihistamines has been published. We evaluate the risk of ventricular tachyarrhythmia (VA) related to the use of individual antihistamines. METHODS: A matched case-control study nested in a cohort of new users of antihistamines was conducted within the EU-funded ARITMO project. Data on 1997-2010 were retrieved from seven healthcare databases: AARHUS (Denmark), GEPARD (Germany), HSD and ERD (Italy), PHARMO and IPCI (Netherlands) and THIN (UK)...
August 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830436/effects-of-background-statin-therapy-on-glycemic-response-and-cardiovascular-events-following-initiation-of-insulin-therapy-in-type-2-diabetes-a-large-uk-cohort-study
#11
Uchenna Anyanwagu, Jil Mamza, Richard Donnelly, Iskandar Idris
AIM: Statins may increase the risk of new-onset diabetes and adversely affect glycaemic control, but their effects on the glycemic response and mortality outcomes following commencement of insulin therapy in patients with Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) are unclear. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in 12,725 insulin initiators with T2D using The Health Improvement Network (THIN) UK database. Changes in HbA1c at 6, 12, 24 and 36 months, and the 5-year risk of mortality and (3-point) major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), were compared between prior users (n = 10,682) and non-users (n = 2043) of statin therapy who were newly commenced on insulin treatment...
August 22, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770649/the-happy-culture-a-theoretical-meta-analytic-and-empirical-review-of-the-relationship-between-culture-and-wealth-and-subjective-well-being
#12
Piers Steel, Vasyl Taras, Krista Uggerslev, Frank Bosco
Do cultural values enhance financial and subjective well-being (SWB)? Taking a multidisciplinary approach, we meta-analytically reviewed the field, found it thinly covered, and focused on individualism. In counter, we collected a broad array of individual-level data, specifically an Internet sample of 8,438 adult respondents. Individual SWB was most strongly associated with cultural values that foster relationships and social capital, which typically accounted for more unique variance in life satisfaction than an individual's salary...
August 1, 2017: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767464/role-of-osteogenic-coatings-on-implant-surfaces-in-promoting-bone-to-implant-contact-in-experimental-osteoporosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Alexis Ghanem, Sergio Varela Kellesarian, Tariq Abduljabbar, Nawwaf Al-Hamoudi, Fahim Vohra, Fawad Javed
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the role of osteogenic coatings (placement of a thin film of organic and inorganic osteoinductive and osteoproliferative materials) on implant surfaces in augmenting bone-to-implant contact (BIC) in osteoporotic bone. DATA SOURCES: To answer the focused question "Do osteogenic coatings on implant surfaces increase BIC in osteoporotic bone?" PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, ISI Web of Knowledge, Scopus, and Google-Scholar databases were searched till June 2017 using different combinations of the following key words: bone-to-implant contact, coating, implant surface, osseointegration, and osteoporosis...
July 31, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766279/spectrum-of-pachychoroid-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Sezen Akkaya
PURPOSE: To perform a systematic review of the literature examining about the pachychoroid diseases spectrum. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using the Medline database. A total of four studies directly relevant to our search are reviewed here. RESULTS: A structurally and functionally intact choroid tissue is vitally important for the retina function. While central retinal artery is responsible to supply the 2/3, internal part of the retina, choroidal vein network is responsible for the remaining 1/3 external part...
August 1, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760795/workforce-characteristics-and-interventions-associated-with-high-quality-care-and-support-to-older-people-with-cancer-a-systematic-review
#15
Jackie Bridges, Grace Lucas, Theresa Wiseman, Peter Griffiths
OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the evidence base on the effectiveness of workforce interventions for improving the outcomes for older people with cancer, as well as analysing key features of the workforce associated with those improvements. DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: Relevant databases were searched for primary research, published in English, reporting on older people and cancer and the outcomes of interventions to improve workforce knowledge, attitudes or skills; involving a change in workforce composition and/or skill mix; and/or requiring significant workforce reconfiguration or new roles...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756383/relationship-between-initial-therapy-and-blood-pressure-control-for-high-risk-hypertension-patients-in-the-uk-a-retrospective-cohort-study-from-the-thin-general-practice-database
#16
Sharada Weir, Attila Juhasz, Jorge Puelles, Travis S Tierney
OBJECTIVE: To examine the UK practice patterns in treating newly diagnosed hypertension and to determine whether subgroups of high-risk patients are more or less likely to follow particular therapeutic protocols and to reach blood pressure goals. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: This study examined adults in The Health Improvement Network (THIN) UK general practice medical records database who were initiated on medication for hypertension...
July 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749897/role-of-scleral-contact-lenses-in-management-of-coexisting-keratoconus-and-stevens-johnson-syndrome
#17
Varsha M Rathi, Mukesh Taneja, Srikanth Dumpati, Preeji S Mandathara, Virender S Sangwan
PURPOSE: To report the rare coexistence of keratoconus and Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) managed with scleral contact lenses (ScCLs). METHODS: This is a retrospective case series. Five patients (9 eyes) who had coexisting SJS and corneal ectasia were identified from the database during the 2-year period. Diagnosis of SJS was based on a positive history of drug reactions, signs of ocular surface disease, and the presence of keratinization of lid margins. Keratoconus was diagnosed by slit-lamp biomicroscopy...
October 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730887/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-pneumonia-associated-with-thin-liquid-vs-thickened-liquid-intake-in-patients-who-aspirate
#18
Asako Kaneoka, Jessica M Pisegna, Hiroki Saito, Melody Lo, Katey Felling, Nobuhiko Haga, Michael P LaValley, Susan E Langmore
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether drinking thin liquids with safety strategies increases the risk for pneumonia as compared with thickened liquids in patients who have demonstrated aspiration of thin liquids. DATA SOURCES: Seven electronic databases, one clinical register, and three conference archives were searched. No language or publication date restrictions were imposed. Reference lists were scanned and authors and experts in the field were contacted. REVIEW METHODS: A blind review was performed by two reviewers for published or unpublished randomized controlled trials and prospective non-randomized trials comparing the incidence of pneumonia with intake of thin liquids plus safety strategies vs...
August 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724122/association-between-patient-age-and-lymph-node-positivity-in-thin-melanoma
#19
Andrew J Sinnamon, Madalyn G Neuwirth, Pratyusha Yalamanchi, Phyllis Gimotty, David E Elder, Xiaowei Xu, Rachel R Kelz, Robert E Roses, Emily Y Chu, Michael E Ming, Douglas L Fraker, Giorgos C Karakousis
Importance: More than half of all new melanoma diagnoses present as clinically localized T1 melanoma, yet sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is controversial in this population given the overall low yield. Guidelines for SLNB have focused on pathologic factors, but patient factors, such as age, are not routinely considered. Objectives: To identify indicators of lymph node (LN) metastasis in thin melanoma in a large, generalizable data set and to evaluate the association between patient age and LN positivity...
September 1, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717562/development-of-thin-skin-mimicking-bilayer-solid-tissue-phantoms-for-optical-spectroscopic-studies
#20
K Bala Nivetha, N Sujatha
In vivo spectroscopic measurements have the proven potential to provide important insight about the changes in tissue during the development of malignancies and thus help to diagnose tissue pathologies. Extraction of intrinsic data in the presence of varying amounts of scatterers and absorbers offers great challenges in the development of such techniques to the clinical level. Fabrication of optical phantoms, tailored to the biochemical as well as morphological features of the target tissue, can help to generate a spectral database for a given optical spectral measurement system...
July 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
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