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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777016/clinical-utility-of-electronic-alberta-stroke-program-early-computed-tomography-score-software-in-the-enchanted-trial-database
#1
Simon Nagel, Xia Wang, Cheryl Carcel, Thompson Robinson, Richard I Lindley, John Chalmers, Craig S Anderson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Clinical utility of electronic Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (e-ASPECTS), an automated system for quantifying signs of infarction, was evaluated in a large database of thrombolyzed patients with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: All baseline noncontrast computed tomographic scans of patients with anterior circulation acute ischemic stroke who participated in the alteplase dose arm of the randomized controlled trial ENCHANTED (Enhanced Control of Hypertension and Thrombolysis Stroke Study) were reviewed; poor quality and large (>6 mm) slice thickness were excluded...
May 18, 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773277/-thicker-polyethylene-bearings-are-not-associated-with-higher-failure-rates-in-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty
#2
Nicholas J Greco, David A Crawford, Keith R Berend, Joanne B Adams, Adolph V Lombardi
BACKGROUND: Despite improvements in polyethylene bearing surface properties, only 1 previous study has examined the results of larger thickness bearings. The purpose of this study was to determine whether polyethylene thickness influenced patient outcomes and implant survival following modular total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients undergoing primary total knee arthroplasty from 2003 to 2014 in a single practice database...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750715/visual-field-tests-for-glaucoma-patients-with-initial-macular-damage-comparison-between-frequency-doubling-technology-and-standard-automated-perimetry-using-24-2-or-10-2-visual-fields
#3
Hae-Young Lopilly Park, Jiyoung Lee, Chan Kee Park
PURPOSE: To compare standard automated perimetry (SAP) and frequency-doubling technology (FDT) perimetry for detecting macular damage in glaucoma. METHODS: One-hundred-twelve glaucomatous eyes with localized retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) defects on red-free photographs and corresponding macular ganglion cell/inner plexiform layer (mGC/IPL) thinning on the deviation map of macular optical coherence tomography (OCT), and thirty-five healthy eyes were enrolled in the study...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723012/rating-motivational-interviewing-fidelity-from-thin-slices
#4
Derek D Caperton, David C Atkins, Zac E Imel
Monitoring fidelity to psychosocial treatments is critical to dissemination, process and outcome research, and internal validity in efficacy trials. However, the costs required to behavior code fidelity to treatments like motivational interviewing (MI) over many therapists and sessions quickly become intractable. Coding less of a session accelerates the process, but it is not clear how much of a session must be evaluated to capture the fidelity of the entire session. The present study used a "thin slice" (Ambady & Rosenthal, 1992) paradigm to explore the degree to which variously sized thin slices of MI fidelity related to fidelity ratings for a full session...
May 3, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722995/from-theoretical-to-empirical-considering-reflections-of-psychopathy-across-the-thin-blue-line
#5
Diana M Falkenbach, Justin Balash, Maria Tsoukalas, Stephanie Stern, Scott O Lilienfeld
The majority of psychopathy research has focused on negative outcomes in criminal populations. However, psychopathy encompasses a variety of traits, and recent research suggests that certain features of psychopathy, such as a fearless temperament, may be related to psychological resiliency, "successful" functioning, and even heroic behavior (Hall & Benning, 2006; Lykken, 1995). Despite anecdotal discussion, little is known about the possible "successful" or adaptive reflections of psychopathic personality traits in ostensible heroes...
May 3, 2018: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713801/forensic-age-estimation-using-computed-tomography-of-the-medial-clavicular-epiphysis-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Coralie Hermetet, Pauline Saint-Martin, Arsène Gambier, Léo Ribier, Bénédicte Sautenet, Camille Rérolle
Medicolegal physicians are increasingly called upon to aid in determining the administrative age group affiliation of refugees with questionable unaccompanied minor claims. According to guidelines for forensic age assessment, age differentiation along the 18-year-old cut-off relies on clavicular ossification. The thin-slice computed tomography scan (TSCTs) of the medial clavicular epiphysis (MCE) is one of the methods contributing to this assessment, though it is not yet universally accepted. The aim of this systematic review was to identify scientific papers where age was assessed using TSCTs of the MCE and to observe whether this examination was reproducible and reliable in estimating a person's age relative to the 18-year-old threshold...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708623/eating-disorders-symptoms-in-sexual-minority-women-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Paolo Meneguzzo, Enrico Collantoni, Davide Gallicchio, Paolo Busetto, Marco Solmi, Paolo Santonastaso, Angela Favaro
BACKGROUND: Although the literature consistently shows increased levels of psychological distress in the gay population, less evidence-and with contrasting findings-is available with regard to lesbian women. The aim of the present study is to review the literature in the eating disorders (EDs) field in order to provide further data on the frequency of EDs symptoms in sexual minority women. METHOD: A systematic review of the studies identified by electronic database search (PubMed, Ovid, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar) up to August 2017...
April 30, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681601/-automated-detection-of-radiopaque-markers-in-chest-and-abdomen-radiography
#8
Hideo Nose, Junji Shiraishi
We aimed to develop a computerized method for the detection of radiopaque markers, such as R and L in chest and abdomen radiography by using the generalized Hough transform and the template matching. To develop the computerized method, we used 200 chest and abdomen images in our institution as training cases. First, two template images for R and L markers were created with the same exposure condition as a chest X-ray. Following various image processing, such as edge detection, thinning and Hough transformed, a look-up table that consisted of distance and direction pairs was built for the generalized Hough transform...
2018: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611842/an-open-experimental-database-for-exploring-inorganic-materials
#9
Andriy Zakutayev, Nick Wunder, Marcus Schwarting, John D Perkins, Robert White, Kristin Munch, William Tumas, Caleb Phillips
The use of advanced machine learning algorithms in experimental materials science is limited by the lack of sufficiently large and diverse datasets amenable to data mining. If publicly open, such data resources would also enable materials research by scientists without access to expensive experimental equipment. Here, we report on our progress towards a publicly open High Throughput Experimental Materials (HTEM) Database (htem.nrel.gov). This database currently contains 140,000 sample entries, characterized by structural (100,000), synthetic (80,000), chemical (70,000), and optoelectronic (50,000) properties of inorganic thin film materials, grouped in >4,000 sample entries across >100 materials systems; more than a half of these data are publicly available...
April 3, 2018: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594182/model-based-quantitative-optical-biopsy-in-multilayer-in-vitro-soft-tissue-models-for-whole-field-assessment-of-nonmelanoma-skin-cancer
#10
Bala Nivetha Kanakaraj, Sujatha Narayanan Unni
Optical techniques such as fluorescence and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy are proven to have the potential to provide tissue discrimination during the development of malignancies and hence treated as potential tools for noninvasive optical biopsy in clinical diagnostics. Quantitative optical biopsy is challenging and hence the majority of the existing strategies are based on a qualitative assessment of the concerned tissue. Light-tissue interaction models as well as precise optical phantoms can greatly help in the former and here we present a pilot study to assess the optical properties of a multilayer tissue-specific optical phantom with the help of a database generated using multilayer-Monte Carlo (MCML) models...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579032/vertical-growth-phase-as-a-prognostic-factor-for-sentinel-lymph-node-positivity-in-thin-melanomas-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Sarah E Appleton, Zahir Fadel, Jason S Williams, Michael Bezuhly
BACKGROUND: The 2010 AJCC guidelines recommended consideration of sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy for thin melanoma (Breslow thickness < 1.0 mm) with aggressive pathological features such as ulceration and/or high mitotic rate. The therapeutic benefit of biopsy-based treatment remains controversial. The authors conducted a meta-analysis to estimate the risk and outcomes of SLN positivity in thin melanoma, and examined established and potential novel predictors of SLN positivity. METHODS: Three databases were searched by two independent reviewers for SLN positivity in patients with thin melanoma...
March 20, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577220/-comparison-of-the-safety-and-the-costs-between-laparoscopic-assisted-or-totally-laparoscopic-uncut-roux-en-y-and-billrothii-braun-reconstruction-a-single-center-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Yinkui Wang, Ziyu Li, Fei Shan, Lianhai Zhang, Shuangxi Li, Yongning Jia, Yufan Chen, Kan Xue, Rulin Miao, Zhemin Li, Xiangyu Gao, Chao Yan, Shen Li, Zhouqiao Wu, Jiafu Ji
OBJECTIVE: To compare the short-term safety and costs between laparoscopic assisted or totally laparoscopic uncut Roux-en-Y and Billroth II((BII() + Braun reconstruction after radical gastrectomy of distal gastric cancer. METHODS: Clinical data from our prospective database of radical gastrectomy were systematically analyzed. The patients who underwent laparoscopic gastrectomy with uncut Roux-en-Y or BII(+ Braun reconstruction between March 1st, 2015 and June 30th, 2017 were screened out for further analysis...
March 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551894/factors-influencing-treatment-escalation-from-long-acting-muscarinic-antagonist-monotherapy-to-triple-therapy-in-patients-with-copd-a-retrospective-thin-database-analysis
#13
John R Hurst, Maria Dilleen, Kevin Morris, Siân Hills, Birol Emir, Rupert Jones
Purpose: Inappropriate use of an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) for COPD has clinical and economic disadvantages. This retrospective analysis of The UK Health Improvement Network (THIN) database identified factors influencing treatment escalation (step-up) from a long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) to triple therapy (LAMA + long-acting β-agonist-ICS). Secondary objectives included time to step up from first LAMA prescription, Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) grouping (2011/2013, 2017), and Medical Research Council (MRC) grade prior to treatment escalation...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531969/blood-vessel-segmentation-in-modern-wide-field-retinal-images-in-the-presence-of-additive-gaussian-noise
#14
Morteza Modarresi Asem, Iman Sheikh Oveisi, Mona Janbozorgi
Retinal blood vessels indicate some serious health ramifications, such as cardiovascular disease and stroke. Thanks to modern imaging technology, high-resolution images provide detailed information to help analyze retinal vascular features before symptoms associated with such conditions fully develop. Additionally, these retinal images can be used by ophthalmologists to facilitate diagnosis and the procedures of eye surgery. A fuzzy noise reduction algorithm was employed to enhance color images corrupted by Gaussian noise...
July 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530039/effect-of-protraction-facemask-on-the-temporomandibular-joint-a-systematic-review
#15
Xinqi Huang, Xiao Cen, Jun Liu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the influence of protraction facemask (PFM) on temporomandibular joint (TMJ) of skeletal Class III malocclusion patients. METHOD: Literature searches were carried out electronically in five English and three Chinese databases (Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, Embase, MEDLINE (via Ovid), Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and VIP Database)...
March 12, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511372/clinical-importance-of-the-anterior-choroidal-artery-a-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Jing Yu, Ning Xu, Ying Zhao, Jinlu Yu
The anterior choroidal artery (AChA) is a critical artery in brain physiology and function. The AChA is involved in many diseases, including aneurysm, brain infarct, Moyamoya disease (MMD), brain tumor, arteriovenous malformation (AVM), etc. The AChA is vulnerable to damage during the treatment of these diseases and is thus a very important vessel. However, a comprehensive systematic review of the importance of the AChA is currently lacking. In this study, we used the PUBMED database to perform a literature review of the AChA to increase our understanding of its role in neurophysiology...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505759/risk-of-serious-infection-opportunistic-infection-and-herpes-zoster-among-patients-with-psoriasis-in-the-united-kingdom
#17
Junko Takeshita, Daniel B Shin, Alexis Ogdie, Joel M Gelfand
The risk of infection among patients with psoriasis of varying severity in a broadly representative population remains poorly understood. Using The Health Improvement Network (THIN), an electronic medical records database representative of the general UK population, we performed a cohort study to determine the risks of serious infection, opportunistic infection, and herpes zoster among patients with versus without psoriasis and according to psoriasis severity. We identified 187,258 patients with mild and 12,442 patients with moderate to severe psoriasis based on treatment patterns...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502169/the-popliteus-tendon-provides-a-safe-and-reliable-location-for-all-inside-meniscal-repair-device-placement
#18
Hervé Ouanezar, William G Blakeney, Charles Latrobe, Adnan Saithna, Levi Reina Fernandes, Jean Romain Delaloye, Mathieu Thaunat, Bertrand Sonnery-Cottet
PURPOSE: Repairs of the posterior horn of the lateral meniscus can be technically challenging. In contrast to medial meniscus repairs, the capsule around the posterior segment attachment of the lateral meniscus is quite thin. This study evaluates the clinical results of an arthroscopic all-inside repair technique for unstable, vertical, lateral meniscus tears, using a suture repair placed directly into the popliteus tendon. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from the SANTI database was performed...
March 3, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498473/safety-of-non-insulin-glucose-lowering-drugs-in-pregnant-women-with-pre-gestational-diabetes-a-cohort-study
#19
Lucía Cea-Soriano, Luis A García-Rodríguez, Kimberly G Brodovicz, Elvira Masso Gonzalez, Dorothee B Bartels, Sonia Hernández-Díaz
AIMS: To evaluate the association between use of non-insulin antidiabetics in early pregnancy and the risk of miscarriages, stillbirths and major structural malformations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort of 1511 pregnant women with pre-gestational diabetes linked to live births was identified using electronic medical records from The Health Improvement Network (THIN) for the period 1995 to 2012. Information on prescriptions, foetal outcomes and potential confounders was ascertained from both codes and free text in the THIN database...
March 2, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490062/antibiotics-in-primary-care-in-england-which-antibiotics-are-prescribed-and-for-which-conditions
#20
F Christiaan K Dolk, Koen B Pouwels, David R M Smith, Julie V Robotham, Timo Smieszek
Objectives: To analyse antibiotic prescribing behaviour in English primary care with particular regard to which antibiotics are prescribed and for which conditions. Methods: Primary care data from 2013-15 recorded in The Health Improvement Network (THIN) database were analysed. Records with a prescription for systemic antibiotics were extracted and linked to co-occurring diagnostic codes, which were used to attribute prescriptions to clinical conditions. We further assessed which antibiotic classes were prescribed and which conditions resulted in the greatest share of prescribing...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
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