keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

sas

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719811/risk-of-secondary-malignancies-after-radiation-therapy-for-breast-cancer-comprehensive-results
#1
Lindsay M Burt, Jian Ying, Matthew M Poppe, Gita Suneja, David K Gaffney
GOALS: To assess risks of secondary malignancies in breast cancer patients who received radiation therapy compared to patients who did not. METHODS: The SEER database was used to identify females with a primary diagnosis of breast cancer as their first malignancy, during 1973-2008. We excluded patients with metastatic disease, age <18 years, no definitive surgical intervention, ipsilateral breast cancer recurrence, or who developed a secondary malignancy within 1 year of diagnosis...
July 15, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719259/serosurvey-of-crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-virus-in-cattle-mali-west-africa
#2
Ousmane Maiga, Miriam Andrada Sas, Kyle Rosenke, Badian Kamissoko, Marc Mertens, Nafomon Sogoba, Abdallah Traore, Modibo Sangare, Mamadou Niang, Tom G Schwan, Hamidou Moussa Maiga, Sekou F Traore, Heinz Feldmann, David Safronetz, Martin H Groschup
AbstractCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is a tick-borne disease caused by the arbovirus Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV, family Bunyaviridae, genus Nairovirus). CCHFV can cause a severe hemorrhagic fever with high-case fatality rates in humans. CCHFV has a wide geographic range and has been described in around 30 countries in the Middle East, Asia, Europe, and Africa including Mali and neighboring countries. To date, little is known about the prevalence rates of CCHFV in Mali. Here, using banked bovine serum samples from across the country, we describe the results of a seroepidemiological study for CCHFV aimed at identifying regions of circulation in Mali...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716191/effect-of-immunologic-solutions-on-sows-and-gilts-on-time-to-stability-and-production-losses-in-breeding-herds-infected-with-1-7-4-prrsv
#3
D C L Linhares, C Betlach, R B Morrison
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSv) is an economically significant swine pathogen causing production losses in the global swine industry. Clinical impact depends on many factors including the virus itself. One method to sub-type PRRSv is using restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). The RFLP pattern 1-7-4 emerged within the United States swine industry in 2014 and has become prevalent since then. This was a field study that prospectively followed 1-7-4-infected breeding herds (n=107) and compared time to stability (TTS), time to baseline production (TTBP) and total loss per 1000 sows between herds using modified-live virus vaccine (MLV) on sows and gilts (MLV-MLV), MLV on sows and MLV in addition to field virus exposure on gilts (MLV-MLV/FVE) or not deliberately exposing sows or gilts to PRRSv (Natural-Natural)...
September 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715252/sorting-through-the-spheres-of-influence-using-modified-pile-sorting-to-describe-who-influences-dairy-farmers-decision-making-about-safety
#4
Casper Bendixsen, Kathrine Barnes, Burney Kieke, Danielle Schenk, Jessica Simich, Matthew Keifer
OBJECTIVES: The primary goal of this study was to describe the mutually perceived influence of bankers and insurers on their agricultural clients' decision-making regarding health and safety. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 dairy farmers, 11 agricultural bankers, and 10 agricultural insurers from central Wisconsin. Three of the interview questions involved pile-sorting. Pile-sorting included 5-point Likert-like scales to help participants sort through 32 index cards...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714874/inhibitory-growth-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-cancer-via-bacterial-prodigiosin
#5
Ming-Fang Cheng, Chun-Shu Lin, Yu-Hsin Chen, Ping-Jyun Sung, Shian-Ren Lin, Yi-Wen Tong, Ching-Feng Weng
Chemotherapy drugs for oral cancers always cause side effects and adverse effects. Currently natural sources and herbs are being searched for treated human oral squamous carcinoma cells (OSCC) in an effort to alleviate the causations of agents in oral cancers chemotherapy. This study investigates the effect of prodigiosin (PG), an alkaloid and natural red pigment as a secondary metabolite of Serratia marcescens, to inhibit human oral squamous carcinoma cell growth; thereby, developing a new drug for the treatment of oral cancer...
July 15, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714044/care-burden-and-its-predictive-factors-in-parents-of-newly-diagnosed-children-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-academic-hospitals-in-china
#6
Jingting Wang, Nanping Shen, Xiaoyan Zhang, Min Shen, Anwei Xie, Doris Howell, Changrong Yuan
PURPOSE: Caring for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a distressing experience for parents without medical training. The experience can lead to parents' care burden. This study explored care burden among parents of children with ALL and its related factors. METHODS: A total of 130 parents were surveyed with the Zarit Burden Inventory (ZBI), Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS), Zung's Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Zung's Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS), Medical Outcome Study Short Form 36 (SF-36), and a study specific demographic information questionnaire...
July 16, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712556/serosurvey-for-crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-virus-infections-in-ruminants-in-katanga-province-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#7
Miriam A Sas, Marc Mertens, Jean G Kadiat, Isolde Schuster, Célestin P S Pongombo, Alois G K Maloba, Martin H Groschup
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) has been detected in many African countries. Unfortunately, little is known about the current CCHFV situation in most of those countries including the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). In over 50 years, three human CCHF cases have been detected in DRC but no seroepidemiological investigation was performed so far. To determine the prevalence of CCHFV-specific antibodies we tested 838 serum samples of cattle, goat and sheep from the southern province Katanga, DRC...
July 3, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711547/interobserver-variability-for-interpretation-of-dmsa-scans-in-the-rivur-trial
#8
Tej K Mattoo, Steven J Skoog, Lisa Gravens-Mueller, Russell W Chesney, Alejandro Hoberman, Ranjiv Mathews, Marva Moxey-Mims, Anastasia Ivanova, Saul P Greenfield, Myra A Carpenter
INTRODUCTION: Technetium-99m dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) renal scans are used in the diagnosis of renal scarring. In the Randomized Intervention for Children with Vesicoureteral Reflux (RIVUR) trial that randomized 607 children, DMSA renal scans were used for evaluating the presence and the severity of renal scarring. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine interobserver variability in reporting of DMSA renal scans in the RIVUR trial. STUDY DESIGN: We compared DMSA renal scan reports for renal scarring and acute pyelonephritis from all non-reference local radiologists (ALRs) at study sites with adjudicated as well as non-adjudicated reports from two reference radiologists (RRs) of the RIVUR trial...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711266/intravaginal-instillation-of-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-analogues-with-an-absorption-enhancer-induced-a-surge-of-luteinizing-hormone-in-lactating-dairy-cows
#9
R Wijma, M L Stangaferro, M Masello, M A Elmetwally, G E Granados, F Amovilli, J O Giordano
Our objectives were to evaluate circulating LH concentrations after intravaginal (IVG) instillation of GnRH analogs in lactating dairy cows. In 2 experiments, lactating Holstein cows (experiment 1: n = 32; experiment 2: n = 47) received the experimental treatments 48 h after the first of 2 PGF2α treatments given 12 h apart and 7 d after a modified Ovsynch protocol (GnRH at -7 d, PGF2α at -24 h, PGF2α at -56 h, GnRH at 0 h). In experiment 1, cows were stratified by parity and randomly allocated to receive the following treatments: 2 mL of saline IVG (SAL, n = 6), 100 µg of gonadorelin (Gon) i...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711254/effect-of-maternal-exercise-on-calf-dry-matter-intake-weight-gain-behavior-and-cortisol-concentrations-at-disbudding-and-weaning
#10
R A Black, B K Whitlock, P D Krawczel
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of maternal physical activity during late gestation on calf dry matter intake, weight gain, behavior, and cortisol concentration during disbudding and weaning. Fifty-five Holstein and 5 Jersey × Holstein crossbred calves were enrolled into the study during gestation. Calves were born from pregnant, nonlactating Holstein (n = 58) and Jersey × Holstein crossbred (n = 2) dairy cows. Cows were assigned to either confinement (n = 20 cows; 13 female calves, 7 male calves), exercise (n = 20 cows; 8 female calves, 12 male calves), or pasture (n = 20 cows; 11 female calves, 9 male calves) treatments at dry-off from January to November 2015...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711247/ratio-of-dietary-rumen-degradable-protein-to-rumen-undegradable-protein-affects-nitrogen-partitioning-but-does-not-affect-the-bovine-milk-proteome-produced-by-mid-lactation-holstein-dairy-cows
#11
R Tacoma, J Fields, D B Ebenstein, Y-W Lam, S L Greenwood
Little is known about the bovine milk proteome or whether it can be affected by diet. The objective of this study was to determine if the dietary rumen degradable protein (RDP):rumen undegradable protein (RUP) ratio could alter the bovine milk proteome. Six Holstein cows (parity: 2.5 ± 0.8) in mid lactation were blocked by days in milk (80 ± 43 d in milk) and milk yield (57.5 ± 6.0 kg) and randomly assigned to treatment groups. The experiment was conducted as a double-crossover design consisting of three 21-d periods...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711002/effect-of-temperature-on-sulfonamide-antibiotics-degradation-and-on-antibiotic-resistance-determinants-and-hosts-in-animal-manures
#12
Hui Lin, Jin Zhang, Hongjin Chen, Jianmei Wang, Wanchun Sun, Xin Zhang, Yuyi Yang, Qiang Wang, Junwei Ma
Animal manure is a main reservoir of antibiotic residues and antibiotic resistance. Here, the effect of temperature on sulfonamide antibiotics (SAs), sulfonamide-resistant (SR) genes/bacteria was investigated by aerobically incubating swine and chicken manures at different temperatures. In swine manure, the SAs concentration declined with increasing temperature, with a minimum at 60°C. In chicken manure, the greatest degradation of SAs was noted at 30°C. The reduction of relative abundance of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and sul-positive hosts in swine manure was more pronounced during thermophilic than mesospheric incubation; neither temperature conditions effectively reduced these parameters in chicken manure...
July 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709742/age-and-gender-differences-in-the-association-between-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-stroke-in-the-general-us-population-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2006
#13
Ji Li, Hong Lai, Lifang Yang, Hong Zhu, Shaoguang Chen, Shenghan Lai
BACKGROUND: Previous findings on the association between serum 25(OH)D level and stroke have been controversial. We aimed to examine whether these controversial findings could be possibly due to difference in study participant characteristics, especially age and gender differences in these studies, by analyzing the data from a representative sample of the general US population. METHODS: Data of 13,642 adults 20 years or older who participated in the 2001-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed in this study...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708779/midshaft-fracures-of-the-clavicle-a-meta-analysis-comparing-surgical-fixation-via-anteroinferior-plating-versus-superior-plating
#14
Alex Nourian, Satvinder Dhaliwal, Sitaram Vangala, Peter S Vezeridis
OBJECTIVE: Tto compare the outcomes of clavicle fracture fixation using anteroinferior versus superior plate placement. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of studies that have reported on outcomes following superior or anteroinferior plate fixation for acute midshaft clavicle fractures (OTA 15-B). A computerized literature search in the Pubmed, Scopus, and Cochrane Library databases was utilized to identify relevant articles. Only full text articles without language restrictions were evaluated...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706570/the-effects-of-secondary-oxides-on-copper-based-catalysts-for-green-methanol-synthesis
#15
James S Hayward, Paul J Smith, Simon A Kondrat, Michael Bowker, Graham J Hutchings
Catalysts for methanol synthesis from CO2 and H2 have been produced by two main methods: co-precipitation and supercritical anti-solvent (SAS) precipitation. These two methods are compared, along with the behaviour of copper supported on Zn, Mg, Mn, and Ce oxides. Although the SAS method produces initially active material with high Cu specific surface area, they appear to be unstable during reaction losing significant amounts of surface area and hence activity. The CuZn catalysts prepared by co-precipitation, however, showed much greater thermal and reactive stability than the other materials...
May 10, 2017: ChemCatChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706569/supercritical-antisolvent-precipitation-of-amorphous-copper-zinc-georgeite-and-acetate-precursors-for-the-preparation-of-ambient-pressure-water-gas-shift-copper-zinc-oxide-catalysts
#16
Paul J Smith, Simon A Kondrat, James H Carter, Philip A Chater, Jonathan K Bartley, Stuart H Taylor, Michael S Spencer, Graham J Hutchings
A series of copper-zinc acetate and zincian georgeite precursors have been produced by supercritical CO2 antisolvent (SAS) precipitation as precursors to Cu/ZnO catalysts for the water gas shift (WGS) reaction. The amorphous materials were prepared by varying the water/ethanol volumetric ratio in the initial metal acetate solutions. Water addition promoted georgeite formation at the expense of mixed metal acetates, which are formed in the absence of the water co-solvent. Optimum SAS precipitation occurs without water to give high surface areas, whereas high water content gives inferior surface areas and copper-zinc segregation...
May 10, 2017: ChemCatChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706505/cell-cell-interaction-proteins-gap-junctions-tight-junctions-and-desmosomes-and-water-transporter-aquaporin-4-in-meningothelial-cells-of-the-human-optic-nerve
#17
Thi Ngoc Co Zeleny, Corina Kohler, Albert Neutzner, Hanspeter E Killer, Peter Meyer
PURPOSE: Meningothelial cells (MECs) play a central role in the maintenance of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) homeostasis and in physiological and pathophysiological processes within the subarachnoid space (SAS) linking them to optic nerve (ON) pathologies. Still, not much is known about their structural properties that might enable MECs to perform specific functions within the ON microenvironment. METHODS: For closer characterization of the structural properties of the human MEC layer in the arachnoid, we performed immunohistological analyses to evaluate the presence of cell-cell interaction markers, namely, markers for tight junctions (JAM1, Occludin, and Claudin 5), gap junctions (Connexin 26 and 43), and desmosomes (Desmoplakin) as well as for water channel marker aquaporin 4 (AQP4) in retrobulbar, midorbital, and intracanalicular human ON sections...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706331/bioequivalence-of-generic-and-branded-amoxicillin-capsules-in-healthy-human-volunteers
#18
Priyanka Pathak, Vijaya A Pandit, Priti P Dhande
CONTEXT: The Medical Council of India urges doctors to prescribe generic drugs as far as possible. The Indian Medical Association had responded earlier saying that it requires guarantees on the quality of generic forms of drugs. Although no published scientific reports are available on the issue of therapeutic inequivalence, unconfirmed clinician accounts and newspaper reports of therapeutic inequivalence exist. AIM: This study was planned to ascertain whether bioequivalence of branded and generic amoxicillin capsule is comparable...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706149/the-autophagic-inhibition-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-cancer-growth-of-16-hydroxy-cleroda-3-14-dine-15-16-olide
#19
Ming-Fang Cheng, Shian-Ren Lin, Fong-Jen Tseng, Yi-Chao Huang, May-Jywan Tsai, Yaw-Syan Fu, Ching-Feng Weng
16-hydroxycleroda-3, 13-dine-15, 16-olide (HCD) isolated from Polyalthia longifolia possesses numerous biological activities. Previous studies have reported that HCD can block phosphorylation activity of cancer cells to inhibit tumor cell growth, but the anti-tumor activity in oral squamous cell carcinoma is unrevealed. This study investigates the inhibiting effect of HCD on human OSCC cell growth; thereby, developing a new oral cancer drug. In in vitro cultured human OSCC cells (OECM1 and SAS) were employed to test the inhibitory growth of HCD via cell cytotoxic effect using 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, Western blotting, and further determining of the inhibitory efficacy of tumor growth by a xenograft tumor on BALB/c male nude mice (in vivo test)...
July 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705803/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-care-of-girls-and-women-with-turner-syndrome-proceedings-from-the-2016-cincinnati-international-turner-syndrome-meeting
#20
Claus H Gravholt, Niels H Andersen, Gerard S Conway, Olaf M Dekkers, Mitchell E Geffner, Karen O Klein, Angela E Lin, Nelly Mauras, Charmian A Quigley, Karen Rubin, David E Sandberg, Theo C J Sas, Michael Silberbach, Viveca Söderström-Anttila, Kirstine Stochholm, Janielle A van Alfen-van derVelden, Joachim Woelfle, Philippe F Backeljauw
Turner syndrome affects 25-50 per 100,000 females and can involve multiple organs through all stages of life, necessitating multidisciplinary approach to care. Previous guidelines have highlighted this, but numerous important advances have been noted recently. These advances cover all specialty fields involved in the care of girls and women with TS. This paper is based on an international effort that started with exploratory meetings in 2014 in both Europe and the USA, and culminated with a Consensus Meeting held in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA in July 2016...
September 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
keyword
keyword
52171
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"