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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540735/yup-ik-identity-and-socioeconomic-status-are-associated-with-child-consumption-of-traditional-food-and-weight-in-rural-yup-ik-communities
#1
Anne-Claire Maurice, Jacques Philip, Andrea Bersamin
OBJECTIVE: In remote, Alaska Native communities, traditional foods remain a significant source of essential nutrients and appear to protect against the development of chronic diseases. Relatively low intake of traditional foods among Alaska Native children is therefore of concern. The aim of this study was to identify household and parental predictors of child traditional food (TF) consumption and weight in remote Yup'ik communities of Alaska. DESIGN: Children (10-18 years old) and parents in two communities (populations <500) were invited to participate in this cross-sectional study...
May 25, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538508/central-nervous-system-disease-education-and-race-impact-radiation-refusal-in-pediatric-cancer-patients
#2
Chirayu G Patel, Mark Stavas, Stephanie Perkins, Eric T Shinohara
To investigate the determinants of radiation therapy refusal in pediatric cancer, we used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry to identify 24,421 patients who met the eligibility criteria, diagnosed between 1974 and 2012. Patients had any stage of cancer, were aged 0 to 19, and received radiation therapy or refused radiation therapy when it was recommended. One hundred twenty-eight patients (0.52%) refused radiation therapy when it was recommended. Thirty-two percent of patients who refused radiation therapy ultimately died from their cancer, at a median of 7 months after diagnosis (95% confidence interval, 3-11 mo), as compared with 29...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529823/obesity-and-sexual-abuse-in-american-indians-and-alaska-natives
#3
James A Levine, Shelly K McCrady-Spitzer, William Bighorse
Mainstream American culture frequently minimizes the prevalence and significance of sexual abuse. Unfortunately, this denial of extensive victimization of women is also present in many underserved populations. In June 2007, Amnesty International released its report on sexual abuse in indigenous women, which states that, "One in three Native American or Alaska Native women will be raped at some point in their lives. Most do not seek justice because they know they will be met with inaction or indifference." This report highlighted an infrequently discussed issue namely, very high levels of sexual abuse in Native American and Alaska Native women...
August 2016: Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523791/genetic-assessment-of-the-effects-of-streamscape-succession-on-coho-salmon-oncorhynchus-kisutch-colonization-in-recently-deglaciated-streams
#4
K T Scribner, C Soiseth, J McGuire, G K Sage, L Thorsteinson, J L Nielsen, E Knudsen
Measures of genetic diversity within and among populations and historical geomorphological data on stream landscapes were used in model simulations based on approximate Bayesian computation (ABC) to examine hypotheses of the relative importance of stream features (geomorphology and age) associated with colonization events and gene flow for coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch breeding in recently deglaciated streams (50-240 years b.p.) in Glacier Bay National Park (GBNP), Alaska. Population estimates of genetic diversity including heterozygosity and allelic richness declined significantly and monotonically from the oldest and largest to youngest and smallest GBNP streams...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492517/first-nations-approaches-to-childhood-obesity-healthy-lifestyles-in-canada-compared-with-alternatives-for-alaska-native-communities
#5
Peter A de Schweinitz, Janet M Wojcicki
Alaska Native and American Indian children have among the highest prevalence of obesity in the United States. Canadian Aboriginal populations including First Nations also have high rates of obesity but obesity rates among children are noticeably lower. We highlight some of the important differences between American and Canadian approaches to healthy lifestyles and Aboriginal/Native health, including diet and physical activity, which may in part explain the differences in obesity prevalence. Specifically, the Canadian government provides a food subsidy program to bring perishable fruits and vegetable to remote, rural Canadian areas and secondly supports the use of traditional foods and harvesting/gathering through a number of government supported programs...
May 11, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491205/food-insecurity-among-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-a-national-profile-using-the-current-population-survey-food-security-supplement
#6
Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan, Kimberly R Huyser, Jimmy Valdes, Vanessa Watts Simonds
Food insecurity increases the risk for obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and cancer-conditions highly prevalent among American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs). Using the Current Population Survey Food Security Supplement, we analyzed the food insecurity trends of AI/ANs compared to other racial and ethnic groups in the United States from 2000 to 2010. From 2000 to 2010, 25% of AI/ANs remained consistently food insecure and AI/ANs were twice as likely to be food insecure compared to whites. Urban AI/ANs were more likely to experience food insecurity than rural AI/ANs...
2017: Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449292/oral-health-beliefs-knowledge-and-behaviors-in-northern-california-american-indian-and-alaska-native-mothers-regarding-early-childhood-caries
#7
Brenda Heaton, Andrew Crawford, Raul I Garcia, Michelle Henshaw, Christine A Riedy, Judith C Barker, Maureen A Wimsatt
OBJECTIVES: To assess the oral health beliefs, knowledge, and behaviors related to early childhood caries (ECC) risk in a convenience sample of American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) mothers residing in rural Northern California communities. METHODS: Fifty-three mothers of young children were recruited from three tribal communities in Northern California with the assistance of the California Rural Indian Health Board, Inc. and its California Tribal Epidemiology Center and Dental Support Center...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445431/assessing-diabetes-and-factors-associated-with-foregoing-medical-care-among-persons-with-diabetes-disparities-facing-american-indian-alaska-native-black-hispanic-low-income-and-southern-adults-in-the-u-s-2011-2015
#8
Samuel D Towne, Jane Bolin, Alva Ferdinand, Emily Joy Nicklett, Matthew Lee Smith, Marcia G Ory
Objective: Identify individual- and place-based factors associated with diagnosed diabetes and forgone medical care among those diagnosed with diabetes. Background: Diabetes affects millions of individuals globally. In the U.S. alone the prevalence rate of diagnosed diabetes has more than doubled over the past 20 years (4.2% in 1994 to 10% in 2014). Methods: The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (2011-2015) was used to identify factors associated with self-reported diabetes diagnoses (ever diagnosed) among U...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444627/level-of-cigarette-consumption-and-duration-of-smoking-abstinence-during-failed-quit-attempts-among-long-term-daily-smokers-the-role-of-race-ethnicity-and-cessation-aids
#9
Julia N Soulakova, Lisa J Crockett
The goal of this study was to determine whether race/ethnicity and use of smoking cessation aids are associated with the duration of the last serious quit attempt and reductions in cigarette consumption among long-term daily smokers who tried, and failed, to quit smoking during the preceding year. Data came from the 2010-2011 Tobacco Use Supplement survey conducted in the USA, and analyses included 6672 reports of long-term daily smokers (i.e., smokers who smoked daily for 1 year or longer) who made at least one serious quit attempt in the past 12 months...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441113/research-with-american-indian-and-alaska-native-populations-measurement-matters
#10
Melissa L Walls, Nancy Rumbaugh Whitesell, Allison Barlow, Michelle Sarche
Research is an important tool in addressing myriad American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) health disparities; however, tensions exist between common empirical measurement approaches that facilitate cross-cultural comparisons and measurement specificity that may be more valid locally and/or culturally appropriate. The tremendous diversity of AIAN communities, small population sizes of distinct AIAN cultural groups, and varying cultural contexts and worldviews should influence measurement decisions in health research...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437779/further-evidence-of-male-offspring-preference-for-certain-subgroups-in-the-united-states-2007-2015
#11
Grech Victor
INTRODUCTION: Males are born in excess of females. This ratio (M/T=male/total births) is influenced by various factors. A recent study showed that M/T in the United States (US) is Asian or Pacific Islander>White>American Indian or Alaska Native>Black or African American. This study was carried out in order to ascertain whether there are M/T differences in different races in the US by birth order. METHODS: Monthly male and female live births by race and birth order for the entire US were obtained for 2007-2015 with birth order as 1-≥6 for these races...
April 21, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436756/the-role-of-attachment-style-in-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-depressed-adolescents
#12
Meredith Gunlicks-Stoessel, Ana Westervelt, Kristina Reigstad, Laura Mufson, Susanne Lee
OBJECTIVE(S): This study examined changes in depressed adolescents' reports of attachment anxiety and avoidance with interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT-A), and the relationship between attachment style and change in depression with IPT-A. METHOD: Forty adolescents (aged 12-17) participated in a 16-week randomized clinical trial of 4 adaptive treatment strategies for adolescent depression that began with IPT-A and augmented treatment for insufficient responders (n = 22) by adding additional IPT-A sessions (n = 11) or the antidepressant medication, fluoxetine (n = 11)...
April 24, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436642/the-validity-of-race-and-hispanic-origin-reporting-on-death-certificates-in-the-united-states-an-update
#13
Elizabeth Arias, Melonie Heron, Jahn Hakes
Objectives This report presents the findings of an updated study of the validity of race and Hispanic-origin reporting on death certificates in the United States, and its impact on race- and Hispanic origin-specific death rates. Methods The latest version of the National Longitudinal Mortality Study (NLMS) was used to evaluate the classification of race and Hispanic origin on death certificates for deaths occurring in 1999–2011 to decedents in NLMS. To evaluate change over time, these results were compared with those of a study based on an earlier version of NLMS that evaluated the quality of race and ethnicity classification on death certificates for 1979–1989 and 1990–1998...
August 1, 2016: Vital and Health Statistics. Series 2, Data Evaluation and Methods Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402807/urgent-action-needed-on-health-inequities-among-american-indians-and-alaska-natives
#14
Thomas D Sequist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 8, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395142/tax-avoidance-and-evasion-cigarette-purchases-from-indian-reservations-among-us-adult-smokers-2010-2011
#15
Xu Wang, Xin Xu, Michael A Tynan, Robert B Gerzoff, Ralph S Caraballo, Gabbi R Promoff
Excise taxes are the primary public health strategy used to increase the price of cigarettes in the United States. Rather than quitting or reducing consumption of cigarettes, some price-sensitive smokers may avoid state and local excise taxes by purchasing cigarettes from Indian reservations. The objectives of this study were to (1) provide the most recent state-specific prevalence of purchases made on Indian reservations by non-American Indians/Alaska Natives (non-AI/ANs) and (2) assess the impact of these purchases on state tax revenues...
May 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395075/a-comparison-of-risk-and-protective-factors-related-to-depressive-symptoms-among-american-indian-and-caucasian-older-adults
#16
Catherine Elizabeth Burnette, Soonhee Roh, Kyoung Hag Lee, Yeon-Shim Lee, Lisa A Newland, Jung Sim Jun
Despite efforts to reduce health disparities, many American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations, including older adults, experience elevated levels of depression and associated suicide. Although adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and social support are well-documented risk and protective factors for depression in the general population, little is known about AI/AN populations, especially older adults. The purpose of this study was to examine factors related to depression among a sample of AI older adults in the Midwest...
February 1, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377849/tobacco-use-and-preferences-for-wellness-programs-among-health-aides-and-other-employees-of-an-alaska-native-health-corporation-in-western-alaska
#17
Christi A Patten, Carrie A Bronars, Matthew Scott, Rahnia Boyer, Harry Lando, Matthew M Clark, Kenneth Resnicow, Paul A Decker, Tabetha A Brockman, Agnes Roland, Marcelo Hanza
This study assessed health behaviors and preferences for wellness programs among employees of a worksite serving Alaska Native-people. Village-based Community Health Aides/Practitioners (CHA/Ps) were compared with all other employees on health indicators and program preferences. Using a cross-sectional design, all 1290 employees at the Yukon Kuskokwim Health Corporation (YKHC) in Western Alaska were invited in 2015 to participate in a 30-item online survey. Items assessed health behaviors, perceived stress, resiliency, and preferences for wellness topics and program delivery formats...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376154/annual-report-to-the-nation-on-the-status-of-cancer-1975-2014-featuring-survival
#18
Ahmedin Jemal, Elizabeth M Ward, Christopher J Johnson, Kathleen A Cronin, Jiemin Ma, Blythe Ryerson, Angela Mariotto, Andrew J Lake, Reda Wilson, Recinda L Sherman, Robert N Anderson, S Jane Henley, Betsy A Kohler, Lynne Penberthy, Eric J Feuer, Hannah K Weir
Background: The American Cancer Society (ACS), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Cancer Institute (NCI), and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR) collaborate to provide annual updates on cancer occurrence and trends in the United States. This Annual Report highlights survival rates. Data were from the CDC- and NCI-funded population-based cancer registry programs and compiled by NAACCR. Trends in age-standardized incidence and death rates for all cancers combined and for the leading cancer types by sex were estimated by joinpoint analysis and expressed as annual percent change...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376131/dietary-and-genetic-influences-on-hemostasis-in-a-yup-ik-alaska-native-population
#19
Nicholas T Au, Morayma Reyes, Bert B Boyer, Scarlett E Hopkins, Jynene Black, Diane O'Brien, Alison E Fohner, Joe Yracheta, Timothy Thornton, Melissa A Austin, Wylie Burke, Kenneth E Thummel, Allan E Rettie
Fish and marine animals are important components of the subsistence diet of Alaska Native people, resulting in a high ω3 PUFA intake. The historical record for circumpolar populations highlights a tendency for facile bleeding, possibly related to ω3 PUFA effects on platelet activation and/or vitamin K-dependent clotting factors. To evaluate these two scenarios in Yup'ik people of southwestern Alaska, we examined the association between dietary ω3 PUFA intake and activities of clotting factor II, V, fibrinogen, PT, INR, PTT, and sP-selectin in 733 study participants, using the nitrogen isotope ratio of red blood cells as a biomarker of ω3 PUFA consumption...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369160/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-socioeconomic-position-and-risk-of-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#20
Linwei Wang, Scarlett Lin Gomez, Yutaka Yasui
Racial and ethnic differences in associations between socioeconomic position (SEP) and risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) were investigated using data from population-based cancer registries in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program in the United States. The study included 8,383 ALL cases diagnosed at age ≤19 years in 2000-2010. Census tract-level composite SEP index in quintiles was assigned based on residence at the time of diagnosis. Incidence rate ratios and 95% confidence intervals associated with SEP and race/ethnicity, adjusted for sex, age, and year of diagnosis, were estimated using Poisson regression models...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
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