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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767439/lessons-learned-and-next-steps-for-building-knowledge-about-tribal-maternal-infant-and-early-childhood-home-visiting
#1
Corrie B Whitmore, Michelle Sarche, Cathy Ferron, John Moritsugu, Jenae G Sanchez
Authors in this Special Issue of the Infant Mental Health Journal shared the work of the first three cohorts of Tribal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) grantees funded by the Administration for Children and Families. Since 2010, Tribal MIECHV grantees have served families and children prenatally to kindergarten entry in American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities across the lower 48 United States and Alaska. Articles highlighted challenges and opportunities that arose as grantees adapted, enhanced, implemented, and evaluated their home-visiting models...
May 16, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767424/cultural-adaptations-of-evidence-based-home-visitation-models-in-tribal-communities
#2
Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Myra E Parker, Jenae Sanchez, Rebecca Riley, Debra Heath, Julianna C Chomo, Moushumi Beltangady, Michelle Sarche
The Tribal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (Tribal MIECHV) Program provides federal grants to tribes, tribal consortia, tribal organizations, and urban Indian organizations to implement evidence-based home-visiting services for American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) families. To date, only one evidence-based home-visiting program has been developed for use in AI/AN communities. The purpose of this article is to describe the steps that four Tribal MIECHV Programs took to assess community needs, select a home-visiting model, and culturally adapt the model for use in AI/AN communities...
May 16, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759088/maternal-educational-attainment-and-sex-ratio-at-birth-by-race-in-the-united-states-2007-2015
#3
Victor Grech
SummaryMany factors influence the male:female birth ratio (number of male births divided by total births, M/T). Studies have suggested that this ratio may be positively correlated with the education levels of mothers. This study assessed the effect of maternal education on M/T in the US population overall and by racial group. Number of live births by sex of the child, maternal educational level reached and race were obtained from the Centres for Disease Control (CDC Wonder) for the period 2007-2015. The total study sample comprised 28,268,183 live births...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754561/an-economic-cost-analysis-of-an-expanding-multi-state-behavioural-telehealth-intervention
#4
Siobhan K Yilmaz, Brady P Horn, Chris Fore, Caroline A Bonham
Introduction In this paper the economic costs associated with a growing, multi-state telepsychiatry intervention serving rural American Indian/Alaska Native populations were compared to costs of travelling to provide/receive in-person treatment. Methods Telepsychiatry costs were calculated using administrative, information-technology, equipment and technology components, and were compared to travel cost models. Both a patient travel and a psychiatrist travel model were estimated utilising ArcGIS software and unit costs gathered from literature and government sources...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742290/contextual-issues-for-implementation-and-evaluation-of-home-visitation-programs-for-american-indian-and-alaska-native-communities-an-introduction-to-the-tribal-maternal-infant-and-early-childhood-home-visiting-program
#5
EDITORIAL
Douglas Novins, Aleta Meyer, Moushumi Beltangady
Home-visiting programs have become a key component of evidence-based services for pregnant women, new mothers, their infants, and their families. When Congress authorized the Maternal Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program (MIECHV) in 2010, it set aside 3% of the $1.5 billion in funding to support home-visiting programs operated by tribes, Tribal MIECHV programs have been funded in 14 states and have served over 3,100 families, providing nearly 55,000 home visits to families at risk for poor child, maternal, and family outcomes...
May 9, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734611/application-of-a-weight-of-evidence-approach-to-evaluating-risks-associated-with-subsistence-caribou-consumption-near-a-lead-zinc-mine
#6
Michael R Garry, Scott S Shock, Johanna Salatas, Jim Dau
Overland transport of ore concentrate from the Red Dog lead/zinc mine in northwest Alaska to its seaport has historically raised concerns among local subsistence users regarding the potential impacts of fugitive dust from the operation, including the potential uptake of metals into caribou meat. Caribou are an integral part of life for northern Alaska Natives for both subsistence and cultural reasons. The Western Arctic caribou herd, whose range includes the Red Dog mine, transportation corridor, and port site, sometimes overwinter in the vicinity of mine operations...
April 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726610/measurement-issues-in-home-visiting-research-within-tribal-communities-challenges-and-strategies
#7
Nancy Rumbaugh Whitesell, Marc Bolan, Julianna C Chomos, Debra Heath, Jon Miles, Melina Salvador, Corrie Whitmore, Allison Barlow
In this article, Tribal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) grantees share strategies they have developed and adopted to address the most common barriers to effective measurement (and thus to effective evaluation) encountered in the course of implementation and evaluation of their home-visiting programs. We identify key challenges in measuring outcomes in Tribal MIECHV Programs and provide practical examples of various strategies used to address these challenges within diverse American Indian and Alaska Native cultural and contextual settings...
May 4, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726602/performance-measurement-in-tribal-home-visiting-challenges-and-opportunities
#8
Julie R Morales, Cathy Ferron, Corrie Whitmore, Nancy Reifel, Erin Geary, Cyndi Anderson, Judy McDaniel
Over the last several decades, performance measurement has become an increasingly prevalent requirement among human services agencies for demonstrating program progress and achieving outcomes. In the Tribal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program (Tribal MIECHV), performance measurement was one of the central components of the Administration for Children and Families' cooperative agreements to tribes, urban Indian organizations, and tribal organizations. Since the inception of the Tribal MIECHV Program in 2010, the benchmark requirement was intended to be a mechanism to systematically monitor program progress and performance toward improving the quality of home-visiting programs that serve vulnerable American Indian or Alaska Native families...
May 4, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723011/association-of-belief-in-the-firewater-myth-with-strategies-to-avoid-alcohol-consequences-among-american-indian-and-alaska-native-college-students-who-drink
#9
Vivian M Gonzalez, Monica C Skewes
Belief in an American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) specific biological vulnerability (BV) to alcohol problems (aka the "firewater myth") is associated with worse alcohol outcomes among AI/AN college students who drink, despite also being associated with greater attempts to reduce drinking. The current study examined how belief in a BV may have affected how 157 AI/AN college students who drink (a) attempted to moderate their alcohol use and avoid alcohol-related problems using abstinence-based and harm reduction strategies, and (b) attitudes toward these strategies as a means of addressing alcohol problems...
May 3, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722426/addressing-substance-use-problems-in-tribal-home-visiting
#10
Douglas K Novins, Cathy Ferron, Lisa Abramson, Allison Barlow
Given the high rates for substance use among women and men of childbearing age, perinatal and early childhood home-visiting programs serving tribal communities must consider how they will address substance-use problems among the families they support. In this study, we explored the approaches to identifying and addressing family-based substance-use problems that were implemented by nine home-visiting programs serving American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities that are funded through the federal Tribal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program (Tribal MIECHV)...
May 3, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698937/differences-in-race-and-ethnicity-in-muscular-dystrophy-mortality-rates-for-males-under-40-years-of-age-2006-2015
#11
Deborah C Salzberg, Joshua R Mann, Suzanne McDermott
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) has childhood onset, primarily affects males, and is usually fatal before the age of 40 years. Previous studies have indicated that this X-linked condition is more prevalent in whites than in blacks, but those were based on active surveillance, and limited to smaller populations and younger ages. METHODS: US death data were used to calculate mortality rates by race and ethnicity, with MD as either the underlying or multiple cause of death (MCD)...
April 26, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695220/trauma-history-and-social-support-among-american-indian-alaska-native-and-non-native-survivors-of-intimate-partner-violence
#12
Rachel L Burrage, MaryBeth Gagnon, Sandra A Graham-Bermann
Social support (SS) is one of the most important protective factors against the deleterious effects of trauma exposure on mental health, but only a few studies have looked at predictors of SS among trauma-exposed populations. This study examines what predicts SS from friends, family, and other significant individuals in an ethnically diverse group of 61 women residing in Alaskan shelters for women who have experienced Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). Results from bivariate tests indicated that survivors who identified as American Indian or Alaska Native (AIAN) reported significantly higher SS from family ( M = 5...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694402/improvement-in-racial-disparities-in-years-of-life-lost-in-the-usa-since-1990
#13
Jeanine M Buchanich, Shannon M Doerfler, Michael F Lann, Gary M Marsh, Donald S Burke
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in cause-specific Years of Life Lost (YLL) by age, race, and sex group in the USA from 1990 to 2014. METHODS: 60 million death reports from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) were categorized by age group, sex, race, and cause of death. YLL were calculated using age-specific life expectancies. Age groups were: infants <1, children 1-19, adults 20-64, and older adults 65+. RESULTS: Blacks have historically experienced more years of life lost than whites or other racial groups in the USA...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681247/food-choices-and-distress-in-reservation-based-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-with-type-2-diabetes
#14
Nicolette I Teufel-Shone, Luohua Jiang, Jennifer Rockell, Jennifer Chang, Janette Beals, Ann Bullock, Spero M Manson
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between food choice and distress in a large national sample of American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/AN) with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: Participants completed a sociodemographic survey, an FFQ and the Kessler-6 Distress Scale. Foods were identified as 'healthy' or 'unhealthy' using a classification grounded in the health education provided by the programme case managers; healthy and unhealthy food scores were calculated using reported intake frequencies...
April 23, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672243/sovereignty-and-social-justice-how-the-concepts-affect-federal-american-indian-policy-and-american-indian-health
#15
Donalee Unal
The health disparities that are prevalent among American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities are connected to the ideology of sovereignty and often ignored in social work and public health literature. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to examine the health outcomes of American Indians from the time of contact with European settlers to the present through the ideology of sovereignty and federal government AI health policy. The foundation for the health outcomes of AIs and the governmental policies affecting them lie in the ideology of tribal sovereignty...
April 19, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672082/predicting-ptsd-severity-from-experiences-of-trauma-and-heterosexism-in-lesbian-and-bisexual-women-a-longitudinal-study-of-cognitive-mediators
#16
Emily R Dworkin, Amanda K Gilmore, Michele Bedard-Gilligan, Keren Lehavot, KatarĂ­na Guttmannova, Debra Kaysen
Sexual minority women (SMW) are at high risk of trauma exposure and, subsequently, the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The authors extended a theoretical model explaining the higher risk of mental disorders in minority populations to the maintenance and exacerbation of PTSD symptoms among young adult SMW specifically. This study used observational longitudinal data from a sample of 348 trauma-exposed 18- to 25-year-old individuals assigned female sex at birth who identified as either bisexual (60...
April 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671860/future-directions-in-disseminating-research-findings-to-urban-alaska-native-people
#17
Aliassa L Shane, Charlene R Apok, Michael J Doyle, Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Denise A Dillard, Karen Caindec
Southcentral Foundation (SCF), a tribal health organization based in Anchorage, Alaska, operates and plans health care services in response to the priorities and tribal values of Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) people, including traditional concepts of wellness, reciprocity, and working in relationship. In an effort to better incorporate AN/AI priorities and values in research dissemination, the SCF Research Department hosted the Alaska Native Health Research Forum (Forum) in May 2016. In this paper, we describe the communication strategies used by the SCF Public Relations Department, which were shared with Forum attendees, describe attendee recommendations for researchers to consider and implement, and then discuss future directions for dissemination...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671859/community-dissemination-in-a-tribal-health-setting-a-pharmacogenetics-case-study
#18
Julie A Beans, Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Charlene R Apok, Karen Caindec, Denise A Dillard, Renee F Robinson
Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) people experience a disproportionate burden of health disparities in the United States. Including AN/AI people in pharmacogenetic research offers an avenue to address these health disparities, however the dissemination of pharmacogenetic research results in the community context can be a challenging task. In this paper, we describe a case-study that explores the preferences of AN/AI community members regarding pharmacogenetic research results dissemination. Results were presented as a PowerPoint presentation at the 2016 Alaska Native Health Research Forum (Forum)...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671858/disseminating-the-results-of-a-depression-management-study-in-an-urban-alaska-native-health-care-system
#19
Lisa G Dirks, Jaedon P Avey, Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Denise A Dillard, Karen Caindec, Renee F Robinson
Increased attention to diagnostic accuracy in depression screening and management within primary care has demonstrated inadequate care when patients prematurely discontinue recommended treatments such as medication and counseling. Decision-support tools can enhance the medical decision-making process. In 2010, the Southcentral Foundation (SCF) Research Department developed a stakeholder-driven decision support tool to aid in depression management. This paper describes feedback from attendees at SCF's 2016 Alaska Native Health Research Forum (Forum) regarding a dissemination product highlighting the aforementioned study...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671857/disseminating-information-on-trauma-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-in-a-tribal-health-setting-a-case-study
#20
Jaedon P Avey, Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Lisa G Dirks, Laurie A Moore, Barbara Beach, Douglas K Novins, Karen Caindec, Denise A Dillard
Exposure to trauma is consistently associated with co-occurrence of behavioral health disorders. Primary care settings are opportune places to screen for traumatic experiences and symptoms, as they are often the initial point of care for behavioral health concerns by the Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) population. In this case study, we examine results dissemination activities at the SCF Research Department-hosted 2016 Alaska Native Health Research Forum (Forum) of a pilot study of a trauma-focused screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (T-SBIRT) process for AN/AI adults in primary care...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
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