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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812287/racial-discrimination-and-mental-health-in-the-usa-testing-the-reverse-racism-hypothesis
#1
Bongki Woo
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined whether the health disadvantages consequent of racial discrimination experienced by four racial/ethnic minority groups are equivalent with that of the dominant racial group. METHOD: Data was derived from the 2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Logistic regression and heterogeneous choice models were used to test the moderating role of race/ethnicity in regards to the associations between racial discrimination and ten DSM-V diagnoses...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811091/pregravid-hypertension-may-have-different-secondary-sex-ratio-effects-in-different-races-in-the-united-states
#2
Victor Grech
BACKGROUND: Males are born in excess of females and the ratio is expressed as M/F (male/female births=secondary sex ratio, also known as secondary sex ratio). This is expected to approximate 1.048. Racial M/F disparities are known. A recent study in China showed that pregravid systolic hypertension is higher in women who delivered a boy than in those who had a girl. This study was carried out in order to identify the effect of pregravid hypertension in the United States on M/F by race...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805413/suicide-among-american-indian-alaska-native-military-service-members-and-veterans
#3
Victoria M O'Keefe, Greg M Reger
Many American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities experience high suicide rates. However, there is little discussion in epidemiological and empirical literature about suicide-related outcomes among AI/AN military service members or veterans. This article briefly reviews the literature on AI/AN suicide and discusses what is known about Native military service member and veteran suicide mortality and self-directed violence. Recent studies suggest high suicide death rates among AI/AN military service members and veterans...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805411/rural-american-indian-and-alaska-native-veterans-telemental-health-a-model-of-culturally-centered-care
#4
Cynthia W Goss, W J Buck Richardson, Nancy Dailey, Byron Bair, Herbert Nagamoto, Spero M Manson, Jay H Shore
American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) veterans living in rural areas have unique health care needs and face numerous barriers to accessing health care services. Among these needs is a disproportionate prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder and other mental illnesses. Since 2001, 14 rural communities have partnered with the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and the Centers for American Indian and Alaska Native Health at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus to extend telemental health clinics to American Indian veterans...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763383/addressing-data-inequities-in-american-indian-communities-through-an-environmental-public-health-tracking-pilot-project
#5
Samantha Lucas-Pipkorn, Ashley Tuomi
National and state surveillance systems identify American Indians/Alaska Natives inconsistently and often inaccurately within their data sets. Consequently, communities may not be represented with data at the level of geography needed. Collecting and presenting environmental and health-related data to the public are done by state Tracking Networks. Great Lakes Inter-Tribal Epidemiology Center (GLITEC) conducted a groundbreaking 2014 Tribal Environmental Health Tracking pilot project that engaged tribes, an urban Indian community, 3 state health departments, a Tribal Epidemiology Center (TEC), and a federal agency...
September 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762305/promoting-community-conversations-about-research-to-end-suicide-learning-and-behavioural-outcomes-of-a-training-of-trainers-model-to-facilitate-grassroots-community-health-education-to-address-indigenous-youth-suicide-prevention
#6
Lisa Wexler, Lucas Trout, Suzanne Rataj, Tanya Kirk, Roberta Moto, Diane McEachern
Alaska Native (AN) youth suicide remains a substantial and recalcitrant health disparity, especially in rural/remote communities. Promoting Community Conversations About Research to End Suicide (PC CARES) is a community health intervention that responds to the need for culturally responsive and evidence-supported prevention practice, using a grassroots approach to spark multilevel and community-based efforts for suicide prevention. This paper describes theoretical and practical considerations of the approach, and assesses the feasibility and preliminary learning and behavioural outcomes of the training-of-trainers model...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758709/american-indian-and-alaska-native-men-s-use-of-sexual-health-services-2006-2010
#7
Megan A Cahn, S Marie Harvey, Matthew A Town
CONTEXT: American Indian and Alaska Native men experience poorer sexual health than white men. Barriers related to their sex and racial identity may prevent them from seeking care; however, little is known about this population's use of sexual health services. METHODS: Sexual health service usage was examined among 923 American Indian and Alaska Native men and 5,322 white men aged 15-44 who participated in the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth. Logistic regression models explored differences in service use by race and examined correlates of use among American Indians and Alaska Natives...
July 31, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746264/trends-in-otitis-media-and-myringotomy-with-tube-placement-among-american-indian-and-alaska-native-children-and-the-u-s-general-population-of-children-after-introduction-of-the-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine
#8
Rosalyn Singleton, Sara Seeman, Margaret Grinnell, Lisa Bulkow, John Kokesh, Susan Emmett, Stephen Holve, Jeffrey McCollum, Thomas Hennessy
BACKGROUND: American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) children have experienced higher otitis media (OM) outpatient visit rates than other United States (US) children. To understand recent trends, we evaluated AI/AN OM rates before and after 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine introduction. METHODS: We analyzed outpatient visits listing OM as a diagnosis among AI/AN children <5 years of age from the Indian Health Service National Patient Information Reporting System for 2010-2013...
July 19, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727682/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-homicides-of-adult-women-and-the-role-of-intimate-partner-violence-united-states-2003-2014
#9
Emiko Petrosky, Janet M Blair, Carter J Betz, Katherine A Fowler, Shane P D Jack, Bridget H Lyons
Homicide is one of the leading causes of death for women aged ≤44 years.* In 2015, homicide caused the death of 3,519 girls and women in the United States. Rates of female homicide vary by race/ethnicity (1), and nearly half of victims are killed by a current or former male intimate partner (2). To inform homicide and intimate partner violence (IPV) prevention efforts, CDC analyzed homicide data from the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) among 10,018 women aged ≥18 years in 18 states during 2003-2014...
July 21, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727519/obesity-and-overweight-in-american-indian-and-alaska-native-children-2006-2015
#10
Ann Bullock, Karen Sheff, Kelly Moore, Spero Manson
OBJECTIVES: To estimate obesity and overweight prevalence in American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) children across genders, ages, and geographic regions in the Indian Health Service active clinical population. METHODS: We obtained data from the Indian Health Service National Data Warehouse. At least 184 000 AI/AN children aged 2 to 19 years had body mass index data for each year studied, 2006 to 2015. We calculated body mass index percentiles with the 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716585/ascertainment-of-alaska-native-stroke-incidence-2005-2009-lessons-for-assessing-the-global-burden-of-stroke
#11
Bernadette Boden-Albala, James Allen, Eric T Roberts, Lisa Bulkow, Brian Trimble
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a critical public health issue in the United States and globally. System models to optimally capture stroke incidence in rural and culturally diverse communities are needed. The epidemiological transition to a western lifestyle has been associated with an increased burden of vascular risk factors among Alaska Native (AN) people. The burden of stroke in AN communities remains understudied. METHODS: The Alaska Native Stroke Registry (ANSR) was designed to screen and capture all stroke cases between 2005 and 2009 through its integration into the existing single-payer Alaska Tribal Health System infrastructure...
September 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712352/national-overview-of-medication-assisted-treatment-for-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-with-substance-use-disorders
#12
Traci Rieckmann, Laurie Moore, Calvin Croy, Gregory A Aarons, Douglas K Novins
OBJECTIVE: American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) experience higher rates of substance use disorders and less access to high-quality care compared with other racial-ethnic groups. The objective of this study was to better understand the use of medication-assisted treatment (MAT) of substance use disorders for AI/ANs and barriers to broader implementation. METHODS: Representatives of 192 substance abuse treatment programs completed a survey about their use of MAT...
July 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709582/the-incidence-of-transfusion-and-associated-risk-factors-in%C3%A2-pelvic-reconstructive-surgery
#13
Lopa K Pandya, Courtney D Lynch, Andrew F Hundley, Silpa Nekkanti, Catherine O Hudson
BACKGROUND: Almost 400,000 female pelvic reconstructive operations were performed in 2010 for urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse in the United States, and it is likely that this will continue to increase each year. There is a lack of population-based data evaluating the risk of blood transfusion after urogynecologic procedures. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the incidence of blood transfusion related to pelvic reconstructive surgery in a large national surgical quality database and to identify transfusion-associated risk factors...
July 11, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689556/exploring-the-potential-for-technology-based-nutrition-education-among-wic-recipients-in%C3%A2-remote-alaska-native-communities
#14
Julianne M Power, Kathryn L Braun, Andrea Bersamin
OBJECTIVE: Estimate media technology use in Alaska Native communities to inform the feasibility of technology-based nutrition education. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was mailed to a random selection of about 50% of Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) authorized representatives in remote Alaska Native communities (n = 975). Media technology use, interest in media technology-based nutrition education, and potential barriers were assessed...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661807/indian-country-leads-national-movement-to-knock-down-barriers-to-oral-health-equity
#15
Brian Speepots Cladoosby
Tribal and other underserved communities are struggling under the weight of devastating oral health disparities. Tribes as sovereign nations are searching for innovative solutions to address their unique barriers to oral health care. Dental therapists are primary oral health providers who work as part of the dental team to provide a limited scope of services to patients. They were first brought to tribal communities by the Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium. Despite strong opposition from the American Dental Association aimed at protecting its monopoly on oral health care, dental therapists are sweeping the nation...
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661300/maximizing-community-voices-to-address-health-inequities-how-the-law-hinders-and-helps
#16
Julie Ralston Aoki, Christina Peters, Laura Platero, Carter Headrick
This paper highlights the need to apply an equity lens when assessing the impact of preemption and related legal doctrines on community health. Community autonomy to set and pursue public health priorities is an essential part of achieving health equity. Unfortunately, the priorities of organized industry interest groups often conflict with health equity goals. These groups have a history of successfully using law to limit community autonomy to pursue public health measures, most notably through preemption and related legal doctrines...
March 2017: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624126/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-the-u-s-breastfeeding-and-implications-for-maternal-and-child-health-outcomes
#17
Adetola Louis-Jacques, Tara F Deubel, Melina Taylor, Alison M Stuebe
Marked racial and ethnic disparities exist in infant feeding in the United States. Based on a review of recent literature, this article examines current discrepancies between the 2020 Healthy People breastfeeding goals and current breastfeeding rates among women from different ethnic groups in the United States. We discuss maternal and child health outcomes associated with breastfeeding, and we review potential causes of racial and ethnic disparities in breastfeeding outcomes in the United States, especially among non-Hispanic Black, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Hispanic/Latina populations...
June 14, 2017: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603153/collaborating-with-alaska-native-communities-to-design-a-cultural-food-intervention-to-address-nutrition-transition
#18
Jennifer Nu, Andrea Bersamin
BACKGROUND: To address changing dietary patterns and declining dietary quality in indigenous communities, there is growing interest in implementing interventions that promote nutrient-dense, culturally important foods. OBJECTIVES: To describe formative research and an ongoing collaborative process to design a multilevel nutrition inter vention-Neqa Elicarvigmun or the Fish-to-School (F2S) Program-that reconnects students to their local food system in a remote Yup'ik community in Western Alaska...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598016/race-ethnicity-and-cardiovascular-events-among-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#19
Medha Barbhaiya, Candace H Feldman, Hongshu Guan, Jose A Gómez-Puerta, Michael A Fischer, Daniel H Solomon, Brendan Everett, Karen H Costenbader
OBJECTIVE: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is more prevalent with more severe outcomes among Blacks, Asians, and Hispanics than Whites. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among SLE patients. We examined racial/ethnic variation in risk of CVD events among SLE patients. METHODS: Within Medicaid Analytic eXtract (2000-2010), we identified patients aged 18-65 with SLE (≥ 3 ICD-9 710.0 codes, ≥30 days apart) and ≥12 months of continuous enrollment...
June 9, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586255/disparities-in-assisted-reproductive-technology-utilization-by-race-and-ethnicity-united-states-2014-a-commentary
#20
Ada C Dieke, Yujia Zhang, Dmitry M Kissin, Wanda D Barfield, Sheree L Boulet
Disparities in infertility and access to infertility treatments, such as assisted reproductive technology (ART), by race/ethnicity, have been reported. However, identifying disparities in ART usage may have been hampered by missing race/ethnicity information in ART surveillance. We review infertility prevalence and treatment disparities, use recent data to examine ART use in the United States by race/ethnicity and residency in states with mandated insurance coverage for in vitro fertilization (IVF), and discuss approaches for reducing disparities...
June 2017: Journal of Women's Health
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