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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347890/disproportionately-higher-unintentional-injury-mortality-among-alaska-native-people-2006-2015
#1
Gretchen Day, Peter Holck, Hillary Strayer, Kathryn Koller, Timothy Thomas
We compared rates of unintentional injury (UI) deaths (total and by injury category) among Alaska Native (AN) people to rates of U.S. White (USW) and Alaska White (AKW) populations during 2006-2015. The mortality data for AN and AKW populations were obtained from Alaska Bureau of Vital Statistics and USW mortality data were obtained from WISQARS, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention online injury data program. AN and AKW rates were age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 Standard Population and rate ratios (RR) were calculated...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346338/current-cigarette-smoking-among-adults-united-states-2016
#2
Ahmed Jamal, Elyse Phillips, Andrea S Gentzke, David M Homa, Stephen D Babb, Brian A King, Linda J Neff
The U.S. Surgeon General has concluded that the burden of death and disease from tobacco use in the United States is overwhelmingly caused by cigarettes and other combusted tobacco products (1). Cigarettes are the most commonly used tobacco product among U.S. adults, and about 480,000 U.S. deaths per year are caused by cigarette smoking and secondhand smoke exposure (1). To assess progress toward the Healthy People 2020 target of reducing the proportion of U.S. adults aged ≥18 years who smoke cigarettes to ≤12...
January 19, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345478/racial-ethnic-differences-of-justice-involved-youth-in-substance-related-problems-and-services-received
#3
Leanne L Heaton
This study examined differences in substance-related problems and receipt of substance-specific counseling in 7 different racial/ethnic groups of justice-involved youth. Data came from a nationally representative sample of 7,073 youth in residential placement across 36 states representing 5 program types. Descriptive analyses and regression modeling techniques were used to examine the relationship between race/ethnicity, substance problems, and substance services. Results show that more than 2/3 report a history of at least 1 substance-related problem...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344773/beyond-content-cultural-perspectives-on-using-the-internet-to-deliver-a-sexual-health-intervention-to-american-indian-youth
#4
Kirsten J Black, Bradley Morse, Nicole Tuitt, CeCe Big Crow, Carly Shangreau, Carol E Kaufman
American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) youth are characterized by high rates of pregnancy and risky sexual behavior. Reaching these youth with culturally appropriate interventions is difficult due to geographic dispersion and cultural isolation. Online interventions can provide opportunities for reaching and engaging AIAN youth. However, electronic interventions are also impersonal and this can be culturally incongruous for AIANs and other populations for whom traditional ceremonies, practices and patterns of interpersonal communication are central...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339633/multiple-sclerosis-mortality-by-race-ethnicity-age-sex-and-time-period-in-the-united-states-1999-2015
#5
Lilyana Amezcua, Erica Rivas, Sarah Joseph, Juanjuan Zhang, Lihua Liu
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) carries high morbidity and shortens life span. While there is recent recognition of other US minority populations such as blacks and Hispanics being affected with MS, examination of MS-specific mortality trends by race/ethnicity has been lacking. OBJECTIVE: To investigate MS mortality rates and trends in the United States by sex, age, and race/ethnicity. METHODS: We used the Compressed Mortality data file for 1999-2015 in the Wide-ranging online Data for Epidemiological Research system developed by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention to calculate the age-adjusted (US 2000 standard population) and age-specific MS mortality rate (per 100,000) by race/ethnicity and sex over time...
January 16, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323294/terminal-pleistocene-alaskan-genome-reveals-first-founding-population-of-native-americans
#6
J Víctor Moreno-Mayar, Ben A Potter, Lasse Vinner, Matthias Steinrücken, Simon Rasmussen, Jonathan Terhorst, John A Kamm, Anders Albrechtsen, Anna-Sapfo Malaspinas, Martin Sikora, Joshua D Reuther, Joel D Irish, Ripan S Malhi, Ludovic Orlando, Yun S Song, Rasmus Nielsen, David J Meltzer, Eske Willerslev
Despite broad agreement that the Americas were initially populated via Beringia, the land bridge that connected far northeast Asia with northwestern North America during the Pleistocene epoch, when and how the peopling of the Americas occurred remains unresolved. Analyses of human remains from Late Pleistocene Alaska are important to resolving the timing and dispersal of these populations. The remains of two infants were recovered at Upward Sun River (USR), and have been dated to around 11.5 thousand years ago (ka)...
January 11, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318264/mortality-among-american-indians-and-alaska-natives
#7
Feyza Sancar, Jennifer Abbasi, Karen Bucher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309630/sustained-decline-in-acute-gastroenteritis-associated-hospitalizations-and-outpatient-visits-among-american-indian-alaska-native-children-after-rotavirus-vaccine-introduction-2001-2014
#8
Scott P Grytdal, Dana L Haberling, Jordan L Kennedy, Jeffrey T McCollum, Umesh D Parashar
We examined the uptake of rotavirus vaccine and compared trends in acute gastroenteritis (AGE)-associated hospitalizations and outpatient visits among American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) children aged <5 years before and after introduction of the rotavirus vaccine. The rates of AGE-associated hospitalization and outpatient visits among AI/AN children remained below prevaccine levels.
December 22, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309485/trends-in-severe-obesity-among-children-aged-2-to-4-years-enrolled-in-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-from-2000-to-2014
#9
Liping Pan, Sohyun Park, Renata Slayton, Alyson B Goodman, Heidi M Blanck
Importance: Severe obesity in childhood is associated with negative health consequences. A previous study examined trends in severe obesity among preschool-aged children in low-income families during 1998 to 2010. No recent trends have been reported. Objective: To examine trends in severe obesity by age, sex, and race/ethnicity among enrollees in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) aged 2 to 4 years during 2000 to 2014...
January 8, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309225/using-federal-funds-to-buy-obamacare-for-native-americans
#10
Jessica Bylander
In Alaska and other states, tribes are experimenting with programs that provide private health insurance to members for free.
January 2018: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226016/civic-engagement-and-political-participation-among-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-in-the-us
#11
Kimberly R Huyser, Gabriel R Sanchez, Edward D Vargas
Within the growing literature seeking to understand civic and political engagement among racial and ethnic minorities, our understanding of political behavior among American Indian and Alaska Native's (AI/AN) remains limited. We use the Current Population Survey Civic Engagement and Voting and Registration supplements (2006-2012) to compare AI/AN voter registration, voting, and overall civic engagement to other racial and ethnic groups and to assess whether factors that predict higher levels of civic engagement vary across these populations...
2017: Politics, Groups & Identities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221625/population-health-for-ckd-and-diabetes-lessons-from%C3%A2-the-indian-health-service
#12
Andrew Narva
Despite extensive clinical guidelines, innovative efforts to improve care, and well-funded efforts to raise awareness, limited progress has been made in reducing the burden of kidney disease in the United States, and the prevalence continues to increase worldwide. The Indian Health Service and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recently reported a 54% decrease in the incidence of kidney failure among American Indian and Alaska Native people with diabetes. This decrease in end-stage renal disease incidence was associated with a population health approach to diabetes care based in the community and the primary clinical setting...
December 5, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218919/the-diversity-and-disparity-in-biomedical-informatics-ddbi-workshop
#13
William M Southerland, S Joshua Swamidass, Philip R O Payne, Laura Wiley, ClarLynda Williams-DeVane
The Diversity and Disparity in Biomedical Informatics (DDBI) workshop will be focused on complementary and critical issues concerned with enhancing diversity in the informatics workforce as well as diversity in patient cohorts. According to the National Institute of Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD) at the NIH, diversity refers to the inclusion of the following traditionally underrepresented groups: African Americans/Blacks, Asians (>30 countries), American Indian or Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, Latino or Hispanic (20 countries)...
2018: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205310/stomach-cancer-survival-in-the-united-states-by-race-and-stage-2001-2009-findings-from-the-concord-2-study
#14
Melissa A Jim, Paulo S Pinheiro, Helena Carreira, David K Espey, Charles L Wiggins, Hannah K Weir
BACKGROUND: Stomach cancer was a leading cause of cancer-related deaths early in the 20th century and has steadily declined over the last century in the United States. Although incidence and death rates are now low, stomach cancer remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality in black, Asian and Pacific Islander, and American Indian/Alaska Native populations. METHODS: Data from the CONCORD-2 study were used to analyze stomach cancer survival among males and females aged 15 to 99 years who were diagnosed in 37 states covering 80% of the US population...
December 15, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189672/invasive-haemophilus-influenzae-serotype-a-infection-in-children-clinical-description-of-an-emerging-pathogen-alaska-2002-2014
#15
Ian D Plumb, Danielle Lecy, Rosalyn Singleton, Michael C Engel, Matthew Hirschfeld, James W Keck, Joseph Klejka, Karen M Rudolph, Thomas W Hennessy, Michael G Bruce
BACKGROUND: Invasive infections from Haemophilus influenzae serotype a (Hia) have been reported with increasing frequency, especially among indigenous populations. However there are limited population-based-studies of clinical severity. We studied invasive Hia infections in Alaska to determine clinical characteristics, mortality, and sequelae. METHODS: We defined an invasive Hia infection as the first detection of Hia from a usually sterile site in a child <10 years of age from Alaska...
November 17, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176101/indian-health-service-coverage-among-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-in-federal-tribal-areas
#16
Renuka Bhaskar, Brett J O'Hara
Compared with other racial/ethnic groups, American Indians and Alaska Natives (AIANs) have higher uninsured rates and worse health outcomes. Using data from the 2010-2014 American Community Survey, we employ logistic regression techniques to assess the characteristics associated with Indian Health Service (IHS) coverage among working-age AIANs who have health insurance or are uninsured. Across all insurance categories, geographic residence is a factor in IHS coverage. Among the uninsured, those with and without IHS coverage are more dissimilar than similar across socioeconomic characteristics...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173576/preterm-delivery-trends-by-maternal-race-ethnicity-in-the-united-states-2006-2012
#17
Claire E Margerison-Zilko, Nicole M Talge, Claudia Holzman
PURPOSE: To estimate changes in preterm delivery (PTD) in the United States from 2006 to 2012 by clinical circumstance, timing of delivery, and race/ethnicity. METHODS: We used vital statistics natality data on all singleton live births from the 18 U.S. states continuously using the 2003 birth certificate from 2006 to 2012. We estimated change in PTD overall and by clinical circumstance (spontaneous vs. medically indicated) and delivery timing among all women and by race/ethnicity, using descriptive and multivariable regression methods...
November 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161455/responding-to-concerning-posts-on-social-media-insights-and-solutions-from-american-indian-and-alaska-native-youth
#18
Jesse Gritton, Stephanie Craig Rushing, David Stephens, Thomas Ghost Dog, Bradley Kerr, Megan A Moreno
PURPOSE: This study aimed to understand American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) adolescents' perspectives on concerning social media posts, including those expressing suicidal intent. METHODS: A purposive sample of AI/AN youth were recruited; trained facilitators conducted focus groups. Participants discussed experiences viewing concerning posts on social media. Qualitative analysis used the constant comparative method. RESULTS: A total of 32 AI/AN youth ages 14-22 participated...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161454/religious-and-spiritual-practices-among-home-less-urban-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-with-severe-alcohol-problems
#19
Dennis C Wendt, Susan E Collins, Lonnie A Nelson, Kelly Serafini, Seema L Clifasefi, Dennis M Donovan
Engagement in religious and spiritual practices may be protective for homeless individuals with alcohol-related problems. However, little is known in this regard for urban-dwelling American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) who have disproportionately high rates of homelessness and co-occurring alcohol use problems. Using secondary data from a nonrandomized controlled study testing a Housing First intervention, AI/AN participants (n = 52) and non-AI/AN participants (n = 82) were compared on demographic variables, alcohol use problems, religious affiliations, and religious/spiritual practices (importance, frequency, and type)...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161452/psychometric-examination-of-the-center-for-epidemiologic-studies-depression-scale-with-older-american-indians-the-native-elder-care-study
#20
Marc Schure, R Turner Goins
Measuring mental health accurately is an important endeavor for screening purposes. Depression scales, such as the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale, have been well-established among different populations. Yet, little work has been done to examine the reliability and validity of the CES-D among older American Indians and Alaska Natives. The purpose of our study was to examine the factor structure, reliability, and concurrent validity of the full 20-item and abbreviated 12-item CES-D scale with a sample of older American Indians...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
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