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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441113/research-with-american-indian-and-alaska-native-populations-measurement-matters
#1
Melissa L Walls, Nancy Rumbaugh Whitesell, Allison Barlow, Michelle Sarche
Research is an important tool in addressing myriad American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) health disparities; however, tensions exist between common empirical measurement approaches that facilitate cross-cultural comparisons and measurement specificity that may be more valid locally and/or culturally appropriate. The tremendous diversity of AIAN communities, small population sizes of distinct AIAN cultural groups, and varying cultural contexts and worldviews should influence measurement decisions in health research...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437779/further-evidence-of-male-offspring-preference-for-certain-subgroups-in-the-united-states-2007-2015
#2
Grech Victor
INTRODUCTION: Males are born in excess of females. This ratio (M/T=male/total births) is influenced by various factors. A recent study showed that M/T in the United States (US) is Asian or Pacific Islander>White>American Indian or Alaska Native>Black or African American. This study was carried out in order to ascertain whether there are M/T differences in different races in the US by birth order. METHODS: Monthly male and female live births by race and birth order for the entire US were obtained for 2007-2015 with birth order as 1-≥6 for these races...
April 21, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436756/the-role-of-attachment-style-in-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-depressed-adolescents
#3
Meredith Gunlicks-Stoessel, Ana Westervelt, Kristina Reigstad, Laura Mufson, Susanne Lee
OBJECTIVE(S): This study examined changes in depressed adolescents' reports of attachment anxiety and avoidance with interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT-A), and the relationship between attachment style and change in depression with IPT-A. METHOD: Forty adolescents (aged 12-17) participated in a 16-week randomized clinical trial of 4 adaptive treatment strategies for adolescent depression that began with IPT-A and augmented treatment for insufficient responders (n = 22) by adding additional IPT-A sessions (n = 11) or the antidepressant medication, fluoxetine (n = 11)...
April 24, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436642/the-validity-of-race-and-hispanic-origin-reporting-on-death-certificates-in-the-united-states-an-update
#4
Elizabeth Arias, Melonie Heron, Jahn Hakes
Objectives This report presents the findings of an updated study of the validity of race and Hispanic-origin reporting on death certificates in the United States, and its impact on race- and Hispanic origin-specific death rates. Methods The latest version of the National Longitudinal Mortality Study (NLMS) was used to evaluate the classification of race and Hispanic origin on death certificates for deaths occurring in 1999–2011 to decedents in NLMS. To evaluate change over time, these results were compared with those of a study based on an earlier version of NLMS that evaluated the quality of race and ethnicity classification on death certificates for 1979–1989 and 1990–1998...
August 1, 2016: Vital and Health Statistics. Series 2, Data Evaluation and Methods Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402807/urgent-action-needed-on-health-inequities-among-american-indians-and-alaska-natives
#5
Thomas D Sequist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 8, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395142/tax-avoidance-and-evasion-cigarette-purchases-from-indian-reservations-among-us-adult-smokers-2010-2011
#6
Xu Wang, Xin Xu, Michael A Tynan, Robert B Gerzoff, Ralph S Caraballo, Gabbi R Promoff
Excise taxes are the primary public health strategy used to increase the price of cigarettes in the United States. Rather than quitting or reducing consumption of cigarettes, some price-sensitive smokers may avoid state and local excise taxes by purchasing cigarettes from Indian reservations. The objectives of this study were to (1) provide the most recent state-specific prevalence of purchases made on Indian reservations by non-American Indians/Alaska Natives (non-AI/ANs) and (2) assess the impact of these purchases on state tax revenues...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395075/a-comparison-of-risk-and-protective-factors-related-to-depressive-symptoms-among-american-indian-and-caucasian-older-adults
#7
Catherine Elizabeth Burnette, Soonhee Roh, Kyoung Hag Lee, Yeon-Shim Lee, Lisa A Newland, Jung Sim Jun
Despite efforts to reduce health disparities, many American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations, including older adults, experience elevated levels of depression and associated suicide. Although adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and social support are well-documented risk and protective factors for depression in the general population, little is known about AI/AN populations, especially older adults. The purpose of this study was to examine factors related to depression among a sample of AI older adults in the Midwest...
February 1, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377849/tobacco-use-and-preferences-for-wellness-programs-among-health-aides-and-other-employees-of-an-alaska-native-health-corporation-in-western-alaska
#8
Christi A Patten, Carrie A Bronars, Matthew Scott, Rahnia Boyer, Harry Lando, Matthew M Clark, Kenneth Resnicow, Paul A Decker, Tabetha A Brockman, Agnes Roland, Marcelo Hanza
This study assessed health behaviors and preferences for wellness programs among employees of a worksite serving Alaska Native-people. Village-based Community Health Aides/Practitioners (CHA/Ps) were compared with all other employees on health indicators and program preferences. Using a cross-sectional design, all 1290 employees at the Yukon Kuskokwim Health Corporation (YKHC) in Western Alaska were invited in 2015 to participate in a 30-item online survey. Items assessed health behaviors, perceived stress, resiliency, and preferences for wellness topics and program delivery formats...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376154/annual-report-to-the-nation-on-the-status-of-cancer-1975-2014-featuring-survival
#9
Ahmedin Jemal, Elizabeth M Ward, Christopher J Johnson, Kathleen A Cronin, Jiemin Ma, Blythe Ryerson, Angela Mariotto, Andrew J Lake, Reda Wilson, Recinda L Sherman, Robert N Anderson, S Jane Henley, Betsy A Kohler, Lynne Penberthy, Eric J Feuer, Hannah K Weir
Background: The American Cancer Society (ACS), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Cancer Institute (NCI), and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR) collaborate to provide annual updates on cancer occurrence and trends in the United States. This Annual Report highlights survival rates. Data were from the CDC- and NCI-funded population-based cancer registry programs and compiled by NAACCR. Trends in age-standardized incidence and death rates for all cancers combined and for the leading cancer types by sex were estimated by joinpoint analysis and expressed as annual percent change...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376131/dietary-and-genetic-influences-on-hemostasis-in-a-yup-ik-alaska-native-population
#10
Nicholas T Au, Morayma Reyes, Bert B Boyer, Scarlett E Hopkins, Jynene Black, Diane O'Brien, Alison E Fohner, Joe Yracheta, Timothy Thornton, Melissa A Austin, Wylie Burke, Kenneth E Thummel, Allan E Rettie
Fish and marine animals are important components of the subsistence diet of Alaska Native people, resulting in a high ω3 PUFA intake. The historical record for circumpolar populations highlights a tendency for facile bleeding, possibly related to ω3 PUFA effects on platelet activation and/or vitamin K-dependent clotting factors. To evaluate these two scenarios in Yup'ik people of southwestern Alaska, we examined the association between dietary ω3 PUFA intake and activities of clotting factor II, V, fibrinogen, PT, INR, PTT, and sP-selectin in 733 study participants, using the nitrogen isotope ratio of red blood cells as a biomarker of ω3 PUFA consumption...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369160/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-socioeconomic-position-and-risk-of-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#11
Linwei Wang, Scarlett Lin Gomez, Yutaka Yasui
Racial and ethnic differences in associations between socioeconomic position (SEP) and risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) were investigated using data from population-based cancer registries in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program in the United States. The study included 8,383 ALL cases diagnosed at age ≤19 years in 2000-2010. Census tract-level composite SEP index in quintiles was assigned based on residence at the time of diagnosis. Incidence rate ratios and 95% confidence intervals associated with SEP and race/ethnicity, adjusted for sex, age, and year of diagnosis, were estimated using Poisson regression models...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353111/the-search-for-an-alternative-to-piped-water-and-sewer-systems-in-the-alaskan-arctic
#12
Korie A Hickel, Aaron Dotson, Timothy K Thomas, Mia Heavener, Jack Hébert, John A Warren
Forty-two communities in rural Alaska are considered unserved or underserved with water and sewer infrastructure. Many challenges exist to provide centralized piped water and sewer infrastructure to the homes, and they are exacerbated by decreasing capital funding. Unserved communities in rural Alaska experience higher rates of disease, supporting the recommendation that sanitation infrastructure should be provided. Organizations are pursuing alternative solutions to conventional piped water and sewer in order to maximize water use and reuse for public health...
March 29, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328231/use-of-cell-phones-and-computers-for-health-promotion-and-tobacco-cessation-by-american-indian-college-students-in-montana
#13
Jo Ann W Dotson, Lonnie A Nelson, Sara L Young, Dedra Buchwald, John Roll
INTRODUCTION: Cell phones and personal computers have become popular mechanisms for delivering and monitoring health information and education, including the delivery of tobacco cessation education and support. Tobacco smoking is prevalent among American Indians (AIs) and Alaska Natives (ANs), with 26% AI/AN adult men smoking compared to 19% of Caucasian adult males and 22% of African American adult males. Smoking is even more prevalent in Northern Plains AI populations, with 42% of men <i>and</i> women reporting current smoking...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325976/arthropod-and-oligochaete-assemblages-from-grasslands-of-the-southern-kenai-peninsula-alaska
#14
Matthew L Bowser, John M Morton, John Delton Hanson, Dawn R Magness, Mallory Okuly
BACKGROUND: By the end of this century, the potential climate-biome of the southern Kenai Peninsula is forecasted to change from transitional boreal forest to prairie and grasslands, a scenario that may already be playing out in the Caribou Hills region. Here, spruce (Picea × lutzii Little [glauca × sitchensis]) forests were heavily thinned by an outbreak of the spruce bark beetle (Dendroctonus rufipennis (Kirby, 1837)) and replaced by the native but invasive grass species, Calamagrostis canadensis (Michx...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314573/decreased-incidence-of-end-stage-renal-disease-in-american-indians-with-diabetes-a-model-for-other-high-risk-populations
#15
Christina M Wyatt
Indigenous populations in North America have very high rates of diabetes and diabetic complications, including end-stage renal disease. A promising new report demonstrates a substantial decline in the incidence of diabetic end-stage renal disease among American Indians and Alaska Natives, coinciding with a public health intervention targeting diabetes management in this population. This success may offer a model for interventions to improve kidney disease outcomes in other high-risk populations.
April 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292501/indian-health-service-pharmacists-engaged-in-opioid-safety-initiatives-and-expanding-access-to-naloxone
#16
Hillary Duvivier, Samantha Gustafson, Morgan Greutman, Tenzin Jangchup, Ashlee Knapp Harden, Aimee Reinhard, Keith Warshany
OBJECTIVE: To develop effective pharmacy-based interventions to mitigate harm from opioid use disorders. Programs include responsible opioid prescribing, expanded access to medication-assisted treatment (MAT), naloxone, and community interventions. SETTING: Clinical pharmacists practicing at Indian Health Service (IHS) locations in the Southwest, Midwest, and Great Lakes regions. These pharmacists serve culturally diverse American Indian populations throughout the United States and interface with tribal and federal programs to impact the opioid epidemic in Indian Country...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282529/evidence-of-socio-economic-stress-and-female-foeticide-in-racial-disparities-in-the-gender-ratio-at-birth-in-the-united-states-1995-2014
#17
Victor Grech
BACKGROUND: Males are born in excess of females, expressed as M/T (male/total births), which is expected to approximate 0.515. Racial M/T disparities have been long known. This study was carried out in order to identify such disparities in different races in the United States. DESIGN: Monthly male and female live births by race for the entire US were obtained from the website of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for 1995-2014 for the four racial groups: American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian or Pacific Islander, Black or African American and White...
March 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271422/the-obesity-epidemic-in-the-veterans-health-administration-prevalence-among-key-populations-of-women-and-men-veterans
#18
Jessica Y Breland, Ciaran S Phibbs, Katherine J Hoggatt, Donna L Washington, Jimmy Lee, Sally Haskell, Uchenna S Uchendu, Fay S Saechao, Laurie C Zephyrin, Susan M Frayne
BACKGROUND: Most US adults are overweight or obese. Understanding differences in obesity prevalence across subpopulations could facilitate the development and dissemination of weight management services. OBJECTIVES: To inform Veterans Health Administration (VHA) weight management initiatives, we describe obesity prevalence among subpopulations of VHA patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive analyses of fiscal year 2014 (FY2014) national VHA administrative and clinical data, stratified by gender...
April 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263280/disparities-in-potentially-preventable-hospitalizations-between-american-indian-and-alaska-native-and-non-hispanic-white-medicare-enrollees
#19
Joan O'Connell, Jennifer Rockell, Judith C Ouellet, Mark LeBeau
OBJECTIVE: A number of health care initiatives seek to improve health outcomes by increasing access to outpatient services while reducing preventable acute events. We evaluated disparities between American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) and non-Hispanic white (white) Medicare enrollees in access to outpatient preventive, primary, and specialty services by comparing their potentially preventable hospitalizations (PPHs). RESEARCH DESIGN: The study population included 121,311 adult AI/AN Medicare enrollees registered to use services funded by the Indian Health Service and 5,915,011 adult white enrollees living in the same counties...
March 3, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252556/predictors-for-patient-discharge-destination-following-elective-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#20
John Di Capua, Sulaiman Somani, Jun S Kim, Nathan J Lee, Parth Kothari, Kevin Phan, Nahyr Lugo-Fagundo, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of prospectively collected data. OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for non-home patient discharge following elective anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ACDF is one of the most performed spinal procedures and this is expected to increase in the coming years. In order to effectively deal with an increasing patient volume, identifying variables associated with patient discharge destination can expedite placement applications and subsequently reduce hospital length of stay...
March 1, 2017: Spine
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