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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161455/responding-to-concerning-posts-on-social-media-insights-and-solutions-from-american-indian-and-alaska-native-youth
#1
Jesse Gritton, Stephanie Craig Rushing, David Stephens, Thomas Ghost Dog, Bradley Kerr, Megan A Moreno
PURPOSE: This study aimed to understand American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) adolescents' perspectives on concerning social media posts, including those expressing suicidal intent. METHODS: A purposive sample of AI/AN youth were recruited; trained facilitators conducted focus groups. Participants discussed experiences viewing concerning posts on social media. Qualitative analysis used the constant comparative method. RESULTS: A total of 32 AI/AN youth ages 14-22 participated...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161454/religious-and-spiritual-practices-among-home-less-urban-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-with-severe-alcohol-problems
#2
Dennis C Wendt, Susan E Collins, Lonnie A Nelson, Kelly Serafini, Seema L Clifasefi, Dennis M Donovan
Engagement in religious and spiritual practices may be protective for homeless individuals with alcohol-related problems. However, little is known in this regard for urban-dwelling American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) who have disproportionately high rates of homelessness and co-occurring alcohol use problems. Using secondary data from a nonrandomized controlled study testing a Housing First intervention, AI/AN participants (n = 52) and non-AI/AN participants (n = 82) were compared on demographic variables, alcohol use problems, religious affiliations, and religious/spiritual practices (importance, frequency, and type)...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161452/psychometric-examination-of-the-center-for-epidemiologic-studies-depression-scale-with-older-american-indians-the-native-elder-care-study
#3
Marc Schure, R Turner Goins
Measuring mental health accurately is an important endeavor for screening purposes. Depression scales, such as the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale, have been well-established among different populations. Yet, little work has been done to examine the reliability and validity of the CES-D among older American Indians and Alaska Natives. The purpose of our study was to examine the factor structure, reliability, and concurrent validity of the full 20-item and abbreviated 12-item CES-D scale with a sample of older American Indians...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157188/store-owners-as-potential-agents-of-change-energy-drinks-in-the-interior-of-alaska
#4
Janet M Wojcicki, Peter de Schweinitz
Childhood obesity disproportionately impacts disadvantaged communities, including Alaska Native children. In part, lack of access to fresh fruits and vegetables and over consumption of sugar sweetened beverages including energy drinks contribute to excessive weight gain in Alaska Native youth. This commentary reports the possibility of storeowners and workers partnering with community members to limit sales of nutrient-poor energy drinks through point-of-sale counselling in rural communities in the interior of Alaska...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149202/intraspecific-evolutionary-relationships-among-peregrine-falcons-in-western-north-american-high-latitudes
#5
Sandra L Talbot, George K Sage, Sarah A Sonsthagen, Meg C Gravley, Ted Swem, Jeffrey C Williams, Jonathan L Longmire, Skip Ambrose, Melanie J Flamme, Stephen B Lewis, Laura Phillips, Clifford Anderson, Clayton M White
Subspecies relationships within the peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) have been long debated because of the polytypic nature of melanin-based plumage characteristics used in subspecies designations and potential differentiation of local subpopulations due to philopatry. In North America, understanding the evolutionary relationships among subspecies may have been further complicated by the introduction of captive bred peregrines originating from non-native stock, as part of recovery efforts associated with mid 20th century population declines resulting from organochloride pollution...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145582/observed-pneumococcal-carriage-among-alaska-native-children-who-received-reduced-dose-schedules-of-pcv-13-between-2010-and-2012
#6
Emily Mosites, Dana Bruden, Michael G Bruce, Thomas Hennessy, Prabhu Gounder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143223/accelerating-and-strengthening-native-american-health-research-through-a-collaborative-nih-initiative
#7
Aria Davis Crump, Kathy Etz, Judith A Arroyo, Nanci Hemberger, Shobha Srinivasan
This paper is intended to provide an overview of the considerations that informed the development of a National Institutes of Health funding opportunity to promote health and prevent disease in Native Americans, including American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian communities. NIH Institute staff thoughtfully considered epidemiologic research findings and feedback from constituents regarding the need for more published research overall and stronger prevention efforts to address persistent health concerns affecting many Native communities...
November 16, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130421/high-tobacco-use-prevalence-with-significant-regional-and-sex-differences-in-smokeless-tobacco-use-among-western-alaska-native-people-the-watch-study
#8
Kathryn R Koller, Christie A Flanagan, Gretchen E Day, Christi Patten, Jason G Umans, Melissa A Austin, Scarlett E Hopkins, Cheryl Raindl, Bert B Boyer
Tobacco use prevalence among Alaska Native (AN) people living in Alaska is greater than the general population prevalence statewide and nationally. Better understanding of regional tobacco use is needed to improve cessation efforts and reduce prevalence. Using self-reported baseline data from the Western Alaska Tribal Collaborative for Health study, we describe tobacco use patterns among AN people in two western Alaska regions. Data were stratified by age group and sex. Dual- and multi-product use in the Yukon-Kuskokwim (Y-K) region was stratified by concurrent vs sequential use...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121347/race-ethnic-variations-in-quitline-use-among-us-adult-tobacco-users-in-45-states-2011-2013
#9
LaTisha L Marshall, Lei Zhang, Ann M Malarcher, Nathan H Mann, Brian A King, Robert L Alexander
Introduction: State quitlines provide free telephone-based cessation services and are available in all states. However, quitlines presently reach 1% of US cigarette smokers. We assessed variations in quitline reach by race/ethnicity across 45 US states included in the National Quitline Data Warehouse, a repository on non-identifiable data reported by state quitlines. Methods: During 2011 to 2013, we analyzed 1 220 171 records from the National Quitline Data Warehouse...
November 7, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121001/tobacco-product-use-among-adults-united-states-2015
#10
Elyse Phillips, Teresa W Wang, Corinne G Husten, Catherine G Corey, Benjamin J Apelberg, Ahmed Jamal, David M Homa, Brian A King
Tobacco use remains the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States (1). Despite declining cigarette smoking prevalence among U.S. adults, shifts in the tobacco product landscape have occurred in recent years (2,3). Previous estimates of tobacco product use among U.S. adults were obtained from the National Adult Tobacco Survey, which ended after the 2013-2014 cycle. This year, CDC and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) assessed the most recent national estimates of tobacco product use among adults aged ≥18 years using, for the first time, data from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), an annual, nationally representative, in-person survey of the noninstitutionalized U...
November 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117360/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-the-incidence-of-pediatric-extracranial-embryonal-tumors
#11
Paola Friedrich, Elena Itriago, Carlos Rodriguez-Galindo, Karina Ribeiro
Background: Few studies have comparatively assessed differences in the incidence of childhood cancer by race and ethnicity that could inform etiologic research. We aimed to identify disparities in the incidence of pediatric extracranial embryonal tumors by race and ethnicity in the United States using a population-based cancer registry. Methods: Cases of extracranial embryonal tumors among children age 0 to 19 years diagnosed between 2000 and 2010 were retrieved from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program 18 (n = 8188)...
October 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116568/microaggressions-diabetes-distress-and-self-care-behaviors-in-a-sample-of-american-indian-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#12
Kelley J Sittner, Brenna L Greenfield, Melissa L Walls
American Indian/Alaska Native people experience the highest age-adjusted prevalence of type 2 diabetes of any racial group in the United States, as well as high rates of related health problems. Chronic stressors such as perceived discrimination are important contributors to these persistent health disparities. The current study used structural equation modeling to examine the relationships between racial microaggressions, diabetes distress, and self-care behaviors (diet and exercise) in a sample of 192 American Indians with type 2 diabetes from the northern United States...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095806/quickstats-age-adjusted-percentage-of-adults-aged-%C3%A2-45-years-who-were-limited-in-any-way-because-of-difficulty-remembering-or-periods-of-confusion-%C3%A2-by-race-ethnicity-%C3%A2-united-states-2014-2016-%C3%A2
#13
(no author information available yet)
Overall, 5.1% of adults aged ≥45 years were limited in any way because of difficulty remembering or periods of confusion. The percentage of adults experiencing this limitation was highest among non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native adults (9.8%) and non-Hispanic black adults (7.4%), followed by Hispanic adults (5.6%), non-Hispanic white adults (4.7%), and non-Hispanic Asian adults (4.1%).
November 3, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094858/neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-and-maternal-substance-use-in-wisconsin-2009-2014
#14
Karina A Atwell, Harold B Weiss, Crystal Gibson, Richard Miller, Timothy E Corden
INTRODUCTION: Increasing rates of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), most commonly linked to maternal opioid use, are a growing concern within clinical and public health domains. OBJECTIVES: The study aims to describe the statewide burden of NAS and maternal substance use, focusing on opioids in Wisconsin from 2009 to 2014. METHODS: Trends in NAS and maternal substance use diagnosis rates were calculated using Wisconsin’s Hospital Discharge Data...
December 2016: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091709/bi-cultural-dynamics-for-risk-and-protective-factors-for-cardiometabolic-health-in-an-alaska-native-yup-ik-population
#15
Jacques Philip, Tove K Ryman, Scarlett E Hopkins, Diane M O'Brien, Andrea Bersamin, Jeremy Pomeroy, Kenneth E Thummel, Melissa A Austin, Bert B Boyer, Kirk Dombrowski
Alaska Native people experience disparities in mortality from heart disease and stroke. This work attempts to better understand the relationships between socioeconomic, behavioral, and cardiometabolic risk factors among Yup'ik people of southwestern Alaska, with a focus on the role of the socioeconomic, and cultural components. Using a cross-sectional sample of 486 Yup'ik adults, we fitted a Partial Least Squares Path Model (PLS-PM) to assess the associations between components, including demographic factors [age and gender], socioeconomic factors [education, economic status, Yup'ik culture, and Western culture], behavioral factors [diet, cigarette smoking and smokeless tobacco use, and physical activity], and cardiometabolic risk factors [adiposity, triglyceride-HDL and LDL lipids, glycemia, and blood pressure]...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066451/cardiovascular-disease-in-american-indian-and-alaska-native-youth-unique-risk-factors-and-areas-of-scholarly-need
#16
Jason F Deen, Alexandra K Adams, Amanda Fretts, Stacey Jolly, Ana Navas-Acien, Richard B Devereux, Dedra Buchwald, Barbara V Howard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045274/recruiting-american-indian-alaska-native-students-to-medical-school-a-multi-institutional-alliance-in-the-u-s-southwest
#17
Marlene P Ballejos, Polly Olsen, Tanisha Price-Johnson, Cindy Garcia, Tassy Parker, Robert E Sapién, Valerie Romero-Leggott
PROBLEM: Despite national efforts to diversify the physician workforce, American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) individuals have the least representation of all major racial and ethnic groups. Limited resources at state medical schools present institution-level recruitment challenges. Unified efforts to engage AI/AN students in premedical education activities are needed. APPROACH: The medical schools at the Universities of Arizona (Phoenix and Tucson), Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah identified a collective need to increase student diversity, particularly with regard to AI/AN students...
October 17, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032489/away-from-the-islands-diaspora-s-effects-on-native-hawaiian-elders-and-families-in-california
#18
Colette V Browne, Kathryn L Braun
Native Hawaiians, the indigenous people of Hawai'i, were once a healthy and hardy people. But today they are affected by varying social and health disparities that have led to poor social and health outcomes. Most of the research on Hawaiians in general and Native Hawaiian elders in particular has been conducted in Hawai'i, even though the Hawaiian Diaspora has resulted in 45% of this population residing in North America and Alaska. This qualitative study used key informant interviews and focus group methods to examine reasons for migration and perspectives on aging and caregiving in a sample of Native Hawaiian elders and family caregivers residing in Southern California...
December 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030951/timeliness-of-breast-cancer-treatment-within-the-alaska-tribal-health-system
#19
Stacy F Kelley, Gretchen M Day, Christine A DeCourtney, Sarah H Nash
PURPOSE: This study examined the time from breast cancer diagnosis to initiation of treatment among Alaska Native (AN) women. We evaluated the impact of age, cancer stage, and rural/urban residence at diagnosis. METHODS: We evaluated characteristics of women recorded in the Alaska Native Tumor Registry who received a first diagnosis of breast cancer between 2009 and 2013. Median time from diagnosis to treatment was assessed. Associations of demographic and clinical characteristics with timely initiation of treatment were evaluated using logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards models...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023818/commentary-on-montag-et%C3%A2-al-2017-the-importance-of-cbpr-in-fasd-prevention-with-american-indian-communities
#20
Jessica D Hanson, Tess L Weber
Prenatal alcohol consumption is a public health concern due to potential lifelong physical and cognitive effects in offspring, often presenting in the form of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) or other fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). FASD is the continuum of lifelong outcomes in those born prenatally exposed to alcohol and includes a diagnosis of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), which is diagnosed through facial abnormalities, growth retardation, and delayed brain growth (Hoyme et al., 2016), as well as secondary disabilities such as conduct disorders, mental illness, and psychosocial functioning...
October 10, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
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