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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624126/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-the-u-s-breastfeeding-and-implications-for-maternal-and-child-health-outcomes
#1
Adetola Louis-Jacques, Tara F Deubel, Melina Taylor, Alison M Stuebe
Marked racial and ethnic disparities exist in infant feeding in the United States. Based on a review of recent literature, this article examines current discrepancies between the 2020 Healthy People breastfeeding goals and current breastfeeding rates among women from different ethnic groups in the United States. We discuss maternal and child health outcomes associated with breastfeeding, and we review potential causes of racial and ethnic disparities in breastfeeding outcomes in the United States, especially among non-Hispanic Black, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Hispanic/Latina populations...
June 14, 2017: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603153/collaborating-with-alaska-native-communities-to-design-a-cultural-food-intervention-to-address-nutrition-transition
#2
Jennifer Nu, Andrea Bersamin
BACKGROUND: To address changing dietary patterns and declining dietary quality in indigenous communities, there is growing interest in implementing interventions that promote nutrient-dense, culturally important foods. OBJECTIVES: To describe formative research and an ongoing collaborative process to design a multilevel nutrition inter vention-Neqa Elicarvigmun or the Fish-to-School (F2S) Program-that reconnects students to their local food system in a remote Yup'ik community in Western Alaska...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598016/race-ethnicity-and-cardiovascular-events-among-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#3
Medha Barbhaiya, Candace H Feldman, Hongshu Guan, Jose A Gómez-Puerta, Michael A Fischer, Daniel H Solomon, Brendan Everett, Karen H Costenbader
OBJECTIVE: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is more prevalent with more severe outcomes among Blacks, Asians, and Hispanics than Whites. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among SLE patients. We examined racial/ethnic variation in risk of CVD events among SLE patients. METHODS: Within Medicaid Analytic eXtract (2000-2010), we identified patients aged 18-65 with SLE (≥ 3 ICD-9 710.0 codes, ≥30 days apart) and ≥12 months of continuous enrollment...
June 9, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586255/disparities-in-assisted-reproductive-technology-utilization-by-race-and-ethnicity-united-states-2014-a-commentary
#4
Ada C Dieke, Yujia Zhang, Dmitry M Kissin, Wanda D Barfield, Sheree L Boulet
Disparities in infertility and access to infertility treatments, such as assisted reproductive technology (ART), by race/ethnicity, have been reported. However, identifying disparities in ART usage may have been hampered by missing race/ethnicity information in ART surveillance. We review infertility prevalence and treatment disparities, use recent data to examine ART use in the United States by race/ethnicity and residency in states with mandated insurance coverage for in vitro fertilization (IVF), and discuss approaches for reducing disparities...
June 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586094/disparities-in-liver-cancer-occurrence-in-the-united-states-by-race-ethnicity-and-state
#5
Farhad Islami, Kimberly D Miller, Rebecca L Siegel, Stacey A Fedewa, Elizabeth M Ward, Ahmedin Jemal
Liver cancer is highly fatal, and death rates in the United States are increasing faster than for any other cancer, having doubled since the mid-1980s. In 2017, it is estimated that the disease will account for about 41,000 new cancer cases and 29,000 cancer deaths in the United States. In this article, data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program and the National Center for Health Statistics are used to provide an overview of liver cancer incidence, mortality, and survival rates and trends, including data by race/ethnicity and state...
June 6, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585164/implementation-of-the-reach-model-of-dementia-caregiver-support-in-american-indian-and-alaska-native-communities
#6
Jennifer Martindale-Adams, Tina Tah, Bruce Finke, Cynthia LaCounte, Barbara J Higgins, Linda O Nichols
The Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregivers Health in the VA (REACH VA) dementia caregiving intervention has been implemented in the VA, in community agencies, and internationally. As identified in the 2013 and 2015 National Plan to Address Alzheimer's Disease, REACH is being made available to American Indian and Alaska Native communities. Implementation activities are carried out by local Public Health Nursing programs operated by Indian Health Service and Tribal Health programs, and Administration for Community Living/Administration on Aging funded Tribal Aging program staff already working in each community...
June 5, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583968/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-persist-at-veterans-health-administration-patient-centered-medical-homes
#7
Donna L Washington, W Neil Steers, Alexis K Huynh, Susan M Frayne, Uchenna S Uchendu, Deborah Riopelle, Elizabeth M Yano, Fay S Saechao, Katherine J Hoggatt
Patient-centered medical homes are widely promoted as a primary care delivery model that achieves better patient outcomes. It is unknown if their benefits extend equally to all racial/ethnic groups. In 2010 the Veterans Health Administration, part of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), began implementing patient-centered medical homes nationwide. In 2009 significant disparities in hypertension or diabetes control were present for most racial/ethnic groups, compared with whites. In 2014 hypertension disparities were similar for blacks, had become smaller but remained significant for Hispanics, and were no longer significant for multiracial veterans, whereas disparities had become significant for American Indians/Alaska Natives and Native Hawaiians/other Pacific Islanders...
June 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572179/examining-summer-laboratory-research-apprenticeships-for-high-school-students-as-a-factor-in-entry-to-md-phd-programs-at-matriculation
#8
Robert H Tai, Xiaoqing Kong, Claire E Mitchell, Katherine P Dabney, Daniel M Read, Donna B Jeffe, Dorothy A Andriole, Heather D Wathington
Do summer laboratory research apprenticeships during high school have an impact on entry into MD/PhD programs? Apart from the nearly decade-long span of time between high school and matriculation into an MD/PhD program, young people have many life-shaping experiences that presumably impact their education and career trajectories. This quantitative study (n = 236,432) examines the connection between early laboratory research apprenticeship experiences at the high school level and matriculation into one of the more rigorous educational programs for scientific research training...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562838/residential-substance-abuse-treatment-for-urban-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-part-ii-costs
#9
Bentson H McFarland, Dale Walker, Patricia Silk-Walker
The present study examined costs of two residential substance abuse treatment programs designed for urban American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs). Costs for one agency were well within national norms, while costs at the other program were less than expected from nationwide data. Economies of scale accounted for much of the difference between observed and expected costs. Culturally specific residential substance abuse treatment services can be provided to urban AI/ANs within budgets typically found at mainstream programs...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562837/residential-substance-abuse-treatment-for-urban-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-part-i-services-and-staff
#10
Bentson H McFarland, Dale Walker, Patricia Silk-Walker
Although residential substance abuse treatment is utilized extensively by urban American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs), there are few detailed descriptions of this care. This study delineated services provided by and interviewed staff working at residential programs designed for chemically dependent urban AI/ANs. Study agencies were compared to national data from residential programs serving general population clients. Study agencies delivered arrays of services substantially broader than those provided by general population programs...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562835/academic-achievement-of-american-indian-and-alaska-native-students-does-social-emotional-competence-reduce-the-impact-of-poverty
#11
Jennifer Chain, Valerie B Shapiro, Paul A LeBuffe, Ann McKay Bryson
Social-emotional competence may be a protective factor for academic achievement among American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) students. This study used Fisher's r to Z transformations to test for group differences in the magnitude of relationships between social-emotional competence and achievement. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to determine the variance in academic achievement explained by student race, poverty, and social-emotional competence, and the schoolwide percentage of students by race. Data are from 335 students across 6 schools...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562272/racial-and-ethnic-trends-in-sudden-unexpected-infant-deaths-united-states-1995-2013
#12
Sharyn E Parks, Alexa B Erck Lambert, Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Immediately after the 1994 Back-to-Sleep campaign, sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) rates decreased dramatically, but they have remained relatively stable (93.4 per 100 000 live births) since 2000. In this study, we examined trends in SUID rates and disparities by race/ethnicity since the Back-to-Sleep campaign. METHODS: We used 1995-2013 US period-linked birth-infant death data to evaluate SUID rates per 100 000 live births by non-Hispanic white (NHW), non-Hispanic black (NHB), Hispanic, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Asian/Pacific Islander racial/ethnic groupings...
May 15, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540735/yup-ik-identity-and-socioeconomic-status-are-associated-with-child-consumption-of-traditional-food-and-weight-in-rural-yup-ik-communities
#13
Anne-Claire Maurice, Jacques Philip, Andrea Bersamin
OBJECTIVE: In remote, Alaska Native communities, traditional foods remain a significant source of essential nutrients and appear to protect against the development of chronic diseases. Relatively low intake of traditional foods among Alaska Native children is therefore of concern. The aim of this study was to identify household and parental predictors of child traditional food (TF) consumption and weight in remote Yup'ik communities of Alaska. DESIGN: Children (10-18 years old) and parents in two communities (populations <500) were invited to participate in this cross-sectional study...
May 25, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538508/central-nervous-system-disease-education-and-race-impact-radiation-refusal-in-pediatric-cancer-patients
#14
Chirayu G Patel, Mark Stavas, Stephanie Perkins, Eric T Shinohara
To investigate the determinants of radiation therapy refusal in pediatric cancer, we used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry to identify 24,421 patients who met the eligibility criteria, diagnosed between 1974 and 2012. Patients had any stage of cancer, were aged 0 to 19, and received radiation therapy or refused radiation therapy when it was recommended. One hundred twenty-eight patients (0.52%) refused radiation therapy when it was recommended. Thirty-two percent of patients who refused radiation therapy ultimately died from their cancer, at a median of 7 months after diagnosis (95% confidence interval, 3-11 mo), as compared with 29...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529823/obesity-and-sexual-abuse-in-american-indians-and-alaska-natives
#15
James A Levine, Shelly K McCrady-Spitzer, William Bighorse
Mainstream American culture frequently minimizes the prevalence and significance of sexual abuse. Unfortunately, this denial of extensive victimization of women is also present in many underserved populations. In June 2007, Amnesty International released its report on sexual abuse in indigenous women, which states that, "One in three Native American or Alaska Native women will be raped at some point in their lives. Most do not seek justice because they know they will be met with inaction or indifference." This report highlighted an infrequently discussed issue namely, very high levels of sexual abuse in Native American and Alaska Native women...
August 2016: Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523791/genetic-assessment-of-the-effects-of-streamscape-succession-on-coho-salmon-oncorhynchus-kisutch-colonization-in-recently-deglaciated-streams
#16
K T Scribner, C Soiseth, J McGuire, G K Sage, L Thorsteinson, J L Nielsen, E Knudsen
Measures of genetic diversity within and among populations and historical geomorphological data on stream landscapes were used in model simulations based on approximate Bayesian computation (ABC) to examine hypotheses of the relative importance of stream features (geomorphology and age) associated with colonization events and gene flow for coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch breeding in recently deglaciated streams (50-240 years b.p.) in Glacier Bay National Park (GBNP), Alaska. Population estimates of genetic diversity including heterozygosity and allelic richness declined significantly and monotonically from the oldest and largest to youngest and smallest GBNP streams...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492517/first-nations-approaches-to-childhood-obesity-healthy-lifestyles-in-canada-compared-with-alternatives-for-alaska-native-communities
#17
Peter A de Schweinitz, Janet M Wojcicki
Alaska Native and American Indian children have among the highest prevalence of obesity in the United States. Canadian Aboriginal populations including First Nations also have high rates of obesity but obesity rates among children are noticeably lower. We highlight some of the important differences between American and Canadian approaches to healthy lifestyles and Aboriginal/Native health, including diet and physical activity, which may in part explain the differences in obesity prevalence. Specifically, the Canadian government provides a food subsidy program to bring perishable fruits and vegetable to remote, rural Canadian areas and secondly supports the use of traditional foods and harvesting/gathering through a number of government supported programs...
May 11, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491205/food-insecurity-among-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-a-national-profile-using-the-current-population-survey-food-security-supplement
#18
Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan, Kimberly R Huyser, Jimmy Valdes, Vanessa Watts Simonds
Food insecurity increases the risk for obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and cancer-conditions highly prevalent among American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs). Using the Current Population Survey Food Security Supplement, we analyzed the food insecurity trends of AI/ANs compared to other racial and ethnic groups in the United States from 2000 to 2010. From 2000 to 2010, 25% of AI/ANs remained consistently food insecure and AI/ANs were twice as likely to be food insecure compared to whites. Urban AI/ANs were more likely to experience food insecurity than rural AI/ANs...
2017: Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449292/oral-health-beliefs-knowledge-and-behaviors-in-northern-california-american-indian-and-alaska-native-mothers-regarding-early-childhood-caries
#19
Brenda Heaton, Andrew Crawford, Raul I Garcia, Michelle Henshaw, Christine A Riedy, Judith C Barker, Maureen A Wimsatt
OBJECTIVES: To assess the oral health beliefs, knowledge, and behaviors related to early childhood caries (ECC) risk in a convenience sample of American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) mothers residing in rural Northern California communities. METHODS: Fifty-three mothers of young children were recruited from three tribal communities in Northern California with the assistance of the California Rural Indian Health Board, Inc. and its California Tribal Epidemiology Center and Dental Support Center...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445431/assessing-diabetes-and-factors-associated-with-foregoing-medical-care-among-persons-with-diabetes-disparities-facing-american-indian-alaska-native-black-hispanic-low-income-and-southern-adults-in-the-u-s-2011-2015
#20
Samuel D Towne, Jane Bolin, Alva Ferdinand, Emily Joy Nicklett, Matthew Lee Smith, Marcia G Ory
Objective: Identify individual- and place-based factors associated with diagnosed diabetes and forgone medical care among those diagnosed with diabetes. Background: Diabetes affects millions of individuals globally. In the U.S. alone the prevalence rate of diagnosed diabetes has more than doubled over the past 20 years (4.2% in 1994 to 10% in 2014). Methods: The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (2011-2015) was used to identify factors associated with self-reported diabetes diagnoses (ever diagnosed) among U...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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