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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417035/jaw-osteomyelitis-as-a-complication-of-sickle-cell-anaemia-in-three-omani-patients-case-reports-and-literature-review
#1
Hilal Al-Ismaili, Omar Nasim, Abdulaziz Bakathir
Sickle cell anaemia (SCA) is a common haemoglobinopathy among people from the Middle East, the Afro-Caribbean region, the Mediterranean and East India. While osteomyelitis of the long bones is a well-documented complication of SCA, there are few documented cases of SCA patients presenting with jaw osteomyelitis. We report three SCA patients with chronic jaw osteomyelitis who presented to the Department of Oral Health, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, between 2009 and 2013. Two of the patients had osteomyelitis of the mandible and the third had osteomyelitis of the maxilla...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413093/-thrombotic-thrombocytopenia-purpura-in-martinique-retrospective-study-between-2008%C3%A2-and-2015
#2
M Patient, P Fuseau, C Deligny
INTRODUCTION: Some studies suggest that thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) occurs more often in African Americans. However there is low evidence for this in the literature. The aim of our study was to describe the clinical and biological characteristics of TTP in the Afro-Caribbean population of Martinique. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed all patients with TTP diagnosed at the Fort-de-France hospital between 2008, January 1st and 2015, December 31st...
April 13, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407748/the-role-of-ethnicity-in-pathways-to-emergency-psychiatric-services-for-clients-with-psychosis
#3
Martin Rotenberg, Andrew Tuck, Rachel Ptashny, Kwame McKenzie
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the role of ethnicity in pathways to emergency mental health care in Toronto for clients with psychosis, while taking into account neighborhood factors. Previous literature has focused on Afro-Caribbean clients, reporting an increased risk of accessing mental health care through negative pathways. METHODS: A retrospective chart review for clients from 6 different ethnic origin groups presenting with psychosis - East Asian, South Asian, Black African, Black Caribbean, White European, and White North American - was undertaken in a psychiatric emergency department (ED)...
April 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405176/discrimination-internalized-racism-and-depression-a-comparative-study-of-african-american-and-afro-caribbean-adults-in-the-us
#4
Kristine M Molina, Drexler James
Emerging research suggests that both perceptions of discrimination and internalized racism (i.e., endorsement of negative stereotypes of one's racial group) are associated with poor mental health. Yet, no studies to date have examined their effects on mental health with racial/ethnic minorities in the US in a single study. The present study examined: (a) the direct effects of everyday discrimination and internalized racism on risk of DSM-IV criteria of past-year major depressive disorder (MDD); (b) the interactive effects of everyday discrimination and internalized racism on risk of past-year MDD; and (c) the indirect effect of everyday discrimination on risk of past-year MDD via internalized racism...
July 2016: Group Processes & Intergroup Relations: GPIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396850/hba1c-screening-for-new-onset-diabetes-following-acute-coronary-syndrome-is-it-a-worthwhile-test-in-clinical-practice
#5
Sebastian T Lugg, Christine J H May, Peter Nightingale, Robbie P E Tuffley, June Al-Hourani, Parijat De
BACKGROUND: Diabetes and pre-diabetes are prevalent in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and relate to adverse outcomes. This study used HbA1c to screen for degrees of glucose intolerance amongst patients without known diabetes presenting with ACS. METHODS: Over a 1-year period (June 2014-2015) consecutive patients admitted to a single centre cardiology unit with an initial diagnosis of ACS without prior diabetes diagnosis were electronically referred to our diabetes team...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274650/ethnic-differences-in-parental-feeding-behaviors-in-uk-parents-of-preschoolers
#6
Cihang Gu, Sarah Warkentin, Laís Amaral Mais, Susan Carnell
Childhood obesity is prevalent among ethnic minorities in the UK but little is known about parent feeding practices in these populations. We administered questionnaires assessing parental feeding behaviors and perceptions and concerns relating to child weight to White British (n = 271), South Asian (n = 59), and Black Afro-Caribbean (n = 42) parents of UK 3-5 year-olds. Child BMI z-scores were determined from measured heights and weights. South Asian and Black Afro-Caribbean parents exhibited greater pressure to eat than White British parents...
June 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239222/extended-family-support-networks-of-caribbean-black-adults-in-the-united-states
#7
Robert Joseph Taylor, Ivy Forysthe-Brown, Karen D Lincoln, Linda M Chatters
This paper investigates the extended family social support networks of Caribbean Black adults (Afro Caribbeans). Although there are several ethnographic accounts of familial ties and support exchanges among Black Caribbean immigrants, only a handful of studies utilize quantitative data. This paper utilizes data from the National Survey of American Life, which contains the first national probability sample of Caribbean Blacks in the United States. Age, gender, income, material hardship and immigration status were all associated with at least one of the four indicators of family support networks...
March 2017: Journal of Family Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167416/the-relationship-between-ethnicity-social-deprivation-and-late-presentation-of-colorectal-cancer
#8
Alan Askari, Subramanian Nachiappan, Andrew Currie, Andrew Latchford, Justin Stebbing, Alex Bottle, Thanos Athanasiou, Omar Faiz
INTRODUCTION: Tumour staging at time of presentation is an important factor in determining survival in colorectal cancer. The aim of this paper is to investigate the relationship between ethnicity and deprivation in late (Stage IV) presentation of colorectal cancer. METHODS: Data from the Thames Cancer Registry comprising 77,057 colorectal cancer patients between the years 2000 and 2012 were analysed. RESULTS: A total of 17,348 patients were identified with complete data, of which 53...
February 3, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153016/lack-of-association-between-polymorphism-rs540782-and-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-in-saudi-patients
#9
Altaf A Kondkar, Nikhil B Edward, Hatem Kalantan, Abdullah S Al-Kharashi, Saleh Altuwaijri, Gamal Mohamed, Tahira Sultan, Taif A Azad, Khaled K Abu-Amero
BACKGROUND: To investigate whether polymorphism rs540782 on chromsome 1, in close proximity to the Zona Pellucida Glycoprotein 4 (ZP4) gene, is a risk factor for primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). METHOD: The study genotyped 92 unrelated POAG cases and 95 control subjects from Saudi Arabia using Taq-Man® assay. RESULTS: The genotype frequency distribution did not deviate significantly from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (p > 0.05)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149384/effects-of-ethnicity-on-the-relationship-between-vertical-jump-and-maximal-power-on-a-cycle-ergometer
#10
Majdi Rouis, Laure Coudrat, Hamdi Jaafar, Elvis Attiogbé, Henry Vandewalle, Tarak Driss
The aim of this study was to verify the impact of ethnicity on the maximal power-vertical jump relationship. Thirty-one healthy males, sixteen Caucasian (age: 26.3 ± 3.5 years; body height: 179.1 ± 5.5 cm; body mass: 78.1 ± 9.8 kg) and fifteen Afro-Caribbean (age: 24.4 ±2.6 years; body height: 178.9 ± 5.5 cm; body mass: 77.1 ± 10.3 kg) completed three sessions during which vertical jump height and maximal power of lower limbs were measured. The results showed that the values of vertical jump height and maximal power were higher for Afro-Caribbean participants (62...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134031/factors-that-influence-clinicians-decisions-to-offer-intravenous-alteplase-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients-with-uncertain-treatment-indication-results-of-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#11
Aoife De Brún, Darren Flynn, Laura Ternent, Christopher I Price, Helen Rodgers, Gary A Ford, Matthew Rudd, Emily Lancsar, Stephen Simpson, John Teah, Richard G Thomson
Background Treatment with intravenous alteplase for eligible patients with acute ischemic stroke is underused, with variation in treatment rates across the UK. This study sought to elucidate factors influencing variation in clinicians' decision-making about this thrombolytic treatment. Methods A discrete choice experiment using hypothetical patient vignettes framed around areas of clinical uncertainty was conducted with UK-based clinicians. Mixed logit regression analyses were conducted on the data. Results A total of 138 clinicians completed the discrete choice experiment...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118527/from-childhood-to-adulthood-the-trajectory-of-damage-in-patients-with-childhood-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#12
Lily Sh Lim, Eleanor Pullenayegum, Lillian Lim, Dafna Gladman, Brian Feldman, Earl Silverman
Objectives 1) To determine the longitudinal damage trajectory of patients with childhood-onset SLE (cSLE). 2) To identify baseline and disease course predictors of damage trajectory. Methods This is a retrospective inception cohort. Longitudinal pediatric-age data was obtained from a cSLE research database while adult-age data was obtained from either a research database or patients' charts. Baseline factors were tested as predictors. Time-varying factors were lagged 6 to 24 months before a visit for testing their predictive effects...
January 24, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966789/the-black-dentist-workforce-in-the-united-states
#13
Elizabeth Mertz, Jean Calvo, Cynthia Wides, Paul Gates
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to describe the Black dentist workforce, the practice patterns of providers, and their contributions to oral health care for minority and underserved patients. METHODS: A national sample survey of underrepresented minority dentists was conducted in 2012 and received a 32.6 percent response rate for self-reported Black dentists. Data were weighted for selection and response bias to be nationally representative. Descriptive and multivariable statistics were computed to provide a workforce profile of Black dentists...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940591/granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-according-to-geographic-origin-and-ethnicity-clinical-biological-presentation-and-outcome-in-a-french-population
#14
Benjamin Terrier, Agnès Dechartres, Christophe Deligny, Pascal Godmer, Pierre Charles, Gilles Hayem, Bertrand Dunogué, Michel de Bandt, Pascal Cohen, Xavier Puéchal, Claire Le Jeunne, Serge Arfi, Luc Mouthon, Loïc Guillevin
OBJECTIVES: Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) mainly affects white Europeans, but rarely GPA may also affect non-Europeans. This study aimed to describe GPA clinical-biological presentation and outcome in black sub-Saharan Africans and Afro-Caribbeans and in North Africans. METHODS: Among 914 GPA patients included in the French Vasculitis Study Group database, geographic origin and ethnicity were known for 760. Clinical-biological presentations and outcomes of white Europeans vs black sub-Saharans and Afro-Caribbeans and vs North Africans were analysed...
December 10, 2016: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930355/premature-cardiac-aging-in-south-asian-compared-to-afro-caribbean-subjects-in-a-community-based-screening-study
#15
Eduard Shantsila, Alena Shantsila, Paramjit S Gill, Gregory Y H Lip
BACKGROUND: People of South Asian (SAs) and African Caribbean (AC) origin have increased cardiovascular morbidity, but underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Aging is the key predictor of deterioration in diastolic function, which can be assessed by echocardiography using E/e' ratio as a surrogate of left ventricular (LV) filling pressure. The study aimed to assess a possibility of premature cardiac aging in SA and AC subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 4540 subjects: 2880 SA and 1660 AC subjects...
November 10, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864990/the-clinical-relevance-of-antifibrillarin-anti-u3-rnp-autoantibodies-in-systemic-sclerosis
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
F Tall, M Dechomet, S Riviere, V Cottin, E Ballot, K P Tiev, R Montin, C Morin, Y Chantran, C Grange, D Jullien, J Ninet, P Chretien, J Cabane, N Fabien, C Johanet
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a heterogeneous autoimmune disease associated with several antinuclear autoantibodies useful to diagnosis and prognosis. The aim of the present multicentric study was to determine the clinical relevance of antifibrillarin autoantibodies (AFA) in patients with SSc. The clinical features of 37 patients with SSc positive for AFA (AFA+) and 139 SSc patients without AFA (AFA-) were collected retrospectively from medical records to enable a comparison between AFA- and AFA+ patients. Antifibrillarin autoantibodies were screened by an indirect immunofluorescence technique using HEp2 cells and identified by an in-house Western blot technique and/or an EliA test...
January 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837412/skin-bleaching-and-dermatologic-health-of-african-and-afro-caribbean-populations-in-the-us-new-directions-for-methodologically-rigorous-multidisciplinary-and-culturally-sensitive-research
#17
Emma K T Benn, Andrew Alexis, Nihal Mohamed, Yan-Hong Wang, Ikhlas A Khan, Bian Liu
Skin-bleaching practices, such as using skin creams and soaps to achieve a lighter skin tone, are common throughout the world and are triggered by cosmetic reasons that oftentimes have deep historical, economic, sociocultural, and psychosocial roots. Exposure to chemicals in the bleaching products, notably, mercury (Hg), hydroquinone, and steroids, has been associated with a variety of adverse health effects, such as Hg poisoning and exogenous ochronosis. In New York City (NYC), skin care product use has been identified as an important route of Hg exposure, especially among Caribbean-born blacks and Dominicans...
December 2016: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836651/magnetic-resonance-imaging-characteristics-of-ischemic-stroke-in-an-afro-caribbean-population-a-1-year-prospective-mri-study-on-534%C3%A2-consecutive-patients
#18
M Mejdoubi, A Signate, S Colombani, A Arrigo, S Olindo
PURPOSES: Few population-based MRI studies on stroke, particularly in African-descent populations, are available. Based on a 1-year Afro-Caribbean population-based study MRI, ischemic stroke characteristics were extensively analyzed. METHODS: All strokes occurring in Martinique (390,371 inhabitants) were prospectively included. Ascertainment was based, whenever possible, on MRI. All patients were categorized as single- (subclassified as cortical, cortical-subcortical, subcortical, lacunar) or multiple-lesion pattern, and vascular (single, multiple or junctional) territory...
February 2017: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825567/prevalence-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-the-french-west-indies-results-of-the-epppra-study-in-martinique
#19
Lauren Brunier, Marie Bleterry, Sylvie Merle, Christian Derancourt, Katlyn Polomat, Véronique Dehlinger, Christophe Deligny, Georges Jean-Baptiste, Serge Arfi, Rishika Banydeen, Michel De Bandt
OBJECTIVES: Studies suggest that rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is less frequent in African populations. However, no recent precise data exists for Afro-Caribbeans. The EPPPRA project is a prospective epidemiological survey to describe prevalence and clinical aspects of RA in the French West Indies (Martinique, Guadeloupe, French Guiana). METHODS: EPPPRA involved all rheumatologists from the French West Indies who included all patients with a known clinical diagnosis of RA, during a one-year period...
November 4, 2016: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806729/hematological-reference-intervals-determination-in-adults-at-gondar-university-hospital-northwest-ethiopia
#20
Aregawi Yalew, Betelihem Terefe, Meseret Alem, Bamlaku Enawgaw
BACKGROUND: Hematological reference values are important for the clinical decisions in laboratory diagnosis and monitoring of patients. The correct interpretation of laboratory results depends entirely on the reference intervals that have been established for the locality. But, in sub-Saharan African countries particularly in Ethiopia, locally derived reference intervals were not established and they are forced to use intervals established from western population. Thus this study aimed to establish locally derived hematological reference values that could be used in Northwest Ethiopia...
November 2, 2016: BMC Research Notes
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