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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324930/characteristics-socioeconomic-status-and-ethnic-variations-of-primary-idiopathic-macular-hole-repair-in-vitreoretinal-centers-in-the-united-kingdom
#1
M Vasalaki, E Papavasileiou, S Velissaris, C Garnavou-Xirou, V Zygoura, O Theodorou, R Zakir, G Duguid, T Sandinha, D Steel, T L Jackson
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this multicentre retrospective study was to investigate the characteristics and role of ethnicity and socioeconomic status amongst patients with idiopathic macular holes (IMH) and the surgical outcome. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Consecutive patients undergoing primary IMH surgery at three vitreoretinal units in the UK (King's College Hospital, London, UK, Western Eye Hospital, London, UK, Sunderland Eye Infirmary, Sunderland, UK) between January 2007 and May 2017 were included...
September 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236579/dimensions-of-ethnic-identity-as-protective-factors-for-substance-use-and-sexual-risk-behaviors-in-african-american-college-students
#2
Angela M Bowman Heads, Angel M Glover, Linda G Castillo, Shelley Blozis, Su Yeong Kim
OBJECTIVE: To examine ethnic identity and ethnic socialization as potential protective factors for risk behaviors among U.S. college students. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 398 African American and Afro-Caribbean students recruited from 30 colleges and universities September 2008 - October 2009. METHODS: Data on hazardous alcohol use, substance use, sexual behaviors, ethnic identity and ethnic/racial socialization were collected. Hierarchical linear and negative binomial regression analyses were conducted to determine the degree to ethnic identity and ethnic/racial socialization predicted the risk behaviors...
December 13, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234990/african-americans-african-immigrants-and-afro-caribbeans-differ-in-social-determinants-of-hypertension-and-diabetes-evidence-from-the-national-health-interview-survey
#3
Yvonne Commodore-Mensah, Nadine Matthie, Jessica Wells, Sandra B Dunbar, Cheryl Dennison Himmelfarb, Lisa A Cooper, Rasheeta D Chandler
In the United States (U.S.), Blacks have higher morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) than other racial groups. The Black racial group includes African Americans (AAs), African immigrants (AIs), and Afro-Caribbeans (ACs); however, little research examines how social determinants differentially influence CVD risk factors in each ethnic subgroup. We analyzed the 2010-2014 National Health Interview Survey, a cross-sectional, nationally representative survey of non-institutionalized civilians...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216354/high-prevalence-of-rare-monogenic-forms-of-obesity-in-obese-guadeloupean-afro-caribbean-children
#4
Lydia Foucan, Laurent Larifla, Emmanuelle Durand, Christine Rambhojan, Christophe Armand, Carl-Thony Michel, Rachel Billy, Véronique Dhennin, Franck De Graeve, Iandry Rabearivelo, Olivier Sand, Jean-Marc Lacorte, Philippe Froguel, Amélie Bonnefond
Context: The population from Guadeloupe Island exhibits high prevalence of obesity. Objective: We aimed to investigate whether rare genetic mutations in genes involved in monogenic obesity (or diabetes) might be causal in this population of Afro-Caribbean ancestry. Design and setting: This was a secondary analysis of a study on obesity conducted in schoolchildren from Guadeloupe in 2013, which aimed to assess the changes in children profiles after a lifestyle intervention program...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198177/clinicopathologic-features-of-solid-pseudopapillary-pancreatic-neoplasms-in-an-eastern-caribbean-population
#5
Shamir O Cawich, Zulema Ledesma, Lian Sampath, Sherisse Sandy
Pancreatic solid pseudopapillary neoplasms (SPNs) are uncommon lesions across the globe. Their incidence is unknown in the Caribbean. This retrospective study sought to document the clinicopathologic features of pancreatic SPNs in an Eastern Caribbean population. We examined data from the hospital records of all patients with SPN in Trinidad and Tobago, finding 11 cases over five years, equating to an incidence of 0.17 cases per 100,000 population per year. The lesions occurred in girls and young women at a mean age of 25 years, with a propensity for those of Afro-Caribbean descent...
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140805/health-related-decisions-for-serious-illness-among-ethnically-diverse-older-adults
#6
Zahra Rahemi, Christine Lisa Williams, Ruth Marchand Tappen, Gabriella Anna Engstrom
We investigated the influence of sociodemographic factors, acculturation, ethnicity, health status, and spirituality on older adults' health-related decisions when confronted with a choice between competing options. The sample included 451 participants: African Americans (15.74%), Afro-Caribbeans (25.5%), European Americans (36.36%), and Hispanic Americans (22.4%). Compared with others, European Americans and Hispanic Americans favored quality of life over a lengthy life. Sociodemographic factors, acculturation, ethnicity, health status, and spirituality accounted for variations of decisions...
November 14, 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075534/nt-probnp-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-and-nutritional-status-in-hemodialysis-patients
#7
Jacques Ducros, Laurent Larifla, Henri Merault, Lydia Foucan
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the association between NT-proBNP and malnutrition in HD patients while taking into account the four established categories of parameters for diagnosis of protein energy wasting (PEW). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in Afro-Caribbean dialysis patients. One component in each of the 4 categories for the wasting syndrome was retained: serum albumin ≤ 38 g/L, BMI ≤ 23 Kg/m(2), serum creatinine ≤ 818 µmol/L, and normalized protein catabolic rate (nPCR) ≤ 0...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064976/considerations-when-treating-cosmetic-concerns-in-men-of-color
#8
REVIEW
Olabola Awosika, Cheryl M Burgess, Pearl E Grimes
BACKGROUND: Men of color include a diverse population encompassing individuals with Fitzpatrick skin Types IV through VI. Yet, there is a paucity of data describing the cosmetic concerns of this population. OBJECTIVE: To review the basic science of advantages and disadvantages of skin of color and pathophysiology, incidence, and treatment of disorders of cosmetic concern in men of color. METHODS: A MEDLINE search was performed for publications on sex and racial differences in basic science of skin, common disorders in men of color, and evidence-based treatments...
November 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979657/nonablative-fractional-laser-resurfacing-in-skin-of-color-evidence-based-review
#9
REVIEW
Shivani B Kaushik, Andrew F Alexis
Background: Nonablative laser resurfacing represents one of the major advances in procedural dermatology over the past decade. However, its use in darker skin types is limited by safety concerns and a relative lack of available data. Aim: To provide evidence-based recommendations for the use of fractional lasers in darker skin types. Evidence review: A broad literature search of PubMed/Medline database was conducted in April 2016 using the term fractional lasers. A free text search of keywords including fractional resurfacing, nonablative lasers, skin type, skin of color, ethnic skin, Fitzpatrick skin type, Asian skin, African Americans, Afro-Caribbean, and Hispanics was also executed...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962966/west-indies-glaucoma-laser-study-wigls-1-12-month-efficacy-of-selective-laser-trabeculoplasty-in-afro-caribbeans-with-glaucoma
#10
Tony Realini, Hazel Shillingford-Ricketts, Darra Burt, Goundappa K Balasubramani
PURPOSE: To characterize the 12-month intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering efficacy of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) as sole therapy for primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) in an Afro-Caribbean population. DESIGN: Stepped-wedge trial. METHODS: Subjects in St. Lucia and Dominica with established POAG were randomized to prompt washout of IOP-lowering medications followed by SLT, 3-month delay followed by washout and SLT, or 6-month delay followed by washout and SLT...
September 26, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948421/prevalence-of-oral-hpv-infection-among-healthy-individuals-and-head-and-neck-cancer-cases-in-the-french-west-indies
#11
Aviane Auguste, Stanie Gaëte, Cécile Herrmann-Storck, Leah Michineau, Clarisse Joachim, Jacqueline Deloumeaux, Suzy Duflo, Danièle Luce
PURPOSE: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is known to play a role in the development of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) and to date, no study has reported on the association between oral HPV infection and HNSCC in the Caribbean. The objective was to determine the prevalence of oral HPV infection in the French West Indies (FWI), overall and by HPV genotype, among HNSCC cases and healthy population controls. METHOD: We used data from a population-based case-control study conducted in the FWI...
November 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934992/breast-cancer-metastases-to-the-thyroid-gland-an-uncommon-sentinel-for-diffuse-metastatic-disease-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Agata M Plonczak, Aimee N DiMarco, Roberto Dina, Dorothy M Gujral, Fausto F Palazzo
BACKGROUND: Metastases to the thyroid are rare. The most common primary cancer to metastasize to the thyroid is renal cell carcinoma, followed by malignancies of the gastrointestinal tract, lungs, and skin, with breast cancer metastases to the thyroid being rare. Overall, the outcomes in malignancies that have metastasized to the thyroid are poor. There are no prospective studies addressing the role of surgery in metastatic disease of the thyroid. Isolated thyroidectomy has been proposed as a local disease control option to palliate and prevent the potential morbidity of tumor extension related to the airway...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918559/prostate-cancer-screening-by-prostate-specific-antigen-psa-a-relevant-approach-for-the-small-population-of-the-cayman-islands
#13
Shravana Kumar Jyoti, Camille Blacke, Pallavi Patil, Vibha P Amblihalli, Amanda Nicholson
INTRODUCTION: The common tool for diagnosing prostate cancer is prostate-specific antigen (PSA), but the high sensitivity and low specificity of PSA testing are the problems in clinical practice. There are no proper guidelines to investigate the suspected prostate cancer in the Cayman Islands. We correlated PSA levels with the incidence of prostate cancers by tissue diagnosis and proposed logical protocol for prostate screening by using PSA test in this small population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 165 Afro Caribbean individuals who had prostate biopsy done after the investigations for PSA levels from year 2005 to 2015 were studied retrospectively...
September 16, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916954/discrimination-and-mental-health-in-a-representative-sample-of-african-american-and-afro-caribbean-youth
#14
Lee M Pachter, Cleopatra H Caldwell, James S Jackson, Bruce A Bernstein
BACKGROUND: Racism and discrimination are psychosocial stressors that affect the health of minority populations. While discrimination has been associated with poor mental health, little is known about the relationship between discrimination and mental health outcomes in youth nationally. Furthermore, mental and behavioral health consequences of discrimination may differ in different minority groups. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to determine (1) how common perceptions of discrimination are in a nationally representative sample of African-American (AA) and Afro-Caribbean (AC) teens, (2) the relationship between discrimination and mental health conditions, and (3) whether discrimination has different associations with mental health in AA and AC youth...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888591/aspirin-for-evidence-based-preeclampsia-prevention-trial-influence-of-compliance-on-beneficial-effect-of-aspirin-in-prevention-of-preterm-preeclampsia
#15
David Wright, Liona C Poon, Daniel L Rolnik, Argyro Syngelaki, Juan Luis Delgado, Denisa Vojtassakova, Mercedes de Alvarado, Evgenia Kapeti, Anoop Rehal, Andrea Pazos, Ilma Floriana Carbone, Vivien Dutemeyer, Walter Plasencia, Nikos Papantoniou, Kypros H Nicolaides
BACKGROUND: The Aspirin for Evidence-Based Preeclampsia Prevention trial was a multicenter study in women with singleton pregnancies. Screening was carried out at 11-13 weeks' gestation with an algorithm that combines maternal factors and biomarkers (mean arterial pressure, uterine artery pulsatility index, and maternal serum pregnancy-associated plasma protein A and placental growth factor). Those with an estimated risk for preterm preeclampsia of >1 in 100 were invited to participate in a double-blind trial of aspirin (150 mg/d) vs placebo from 11-14 until 36 weeks' gestation...
December 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864878/self-rated-health-as-a-predictor-of-mid-term-and-long-term-mortality-in-older-afro-caribbeans-hospitalised-via-the-emergency-department
#16
Lidvine Godaert, C Godard-Sebillotte, L Allard Saint-Albin, L Bousquet, I Bourdel-Marchasson, J-L Fanon, M Dramé
PURPOSE: To determine whether self-rated health (SRH) is an independent predictor for mortality in older Afro-Caribbean patients hospitalised for an acute condition. METHODS: Prospective cohort of patients recruited from the University Hospitals of Martinique Acute Care for Elders unit. Patients aged 75 or older and hospitalised for an acute condition were eligible. The outcome was time to death within the 36-week follow-up. SRH was the explanatory variable of interest...
September 1, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864839/outcomes-of-treatment-in-men-with-prostate-cancer-at-the-cancer-centre-bahamas
#17
Glenn Wayne Jones, Osama Kellini, Robin Roberts, Nevein Girgis, Chelsea Brown, Krista Nottage, Thomas McGowan, Corrine Sin Quee-Brown, Conville Brown
PURPOSE: This is a first report from The Bahamas of management and long-term outcomes in men with non-metastatic prostate cancer treated with radiotherapy, with or without androgen deprivation therapy, from 2004 to 2016. METHODS: Patients were characterized by baseline factors, stratified by risk groups using tumor stage (clinical T-stage), prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test result and Gleason grade, and sorted by treatment combinations (by radiation volume and use of androgen deprivation)...
November 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853391/trends-in-the-burden-of-varicella-in-uk-general-practice
#18
J L Walker, N J Andrews, R Mathur, L Smeeth, S L Thomas
Childhood varicella vaccination has not yet been introduced in the UK. To inform decision-making about future vaccine programmes, data on the burden of varicella in general practice over a 10-year period (01/01/2005-31/12/2014) was calculated by age and ethnicity, using anonymised data from >8 million individuals in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink. Varicella consultations peaked at 20 603 in 2007, then decreased annually in all age groups to 11 243 in 2014. Each year, consultation rates were common among infants, were highest among 1-3 year olds (61·2 consultations/1000 person-years in 2007, 39·7/1000 person-years in 2014) and then fell with increasing age to <1·0/1000 person-years at ages ⩾20 years...
October 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775045/prevalence-and-incidence-of-interstitial-lung-diseases-in-a-multi-ethnic-county-of-greater-paris
#19
Boris Duchemann, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Camille Jacobe de Naurois, Shreosi Sanyal, Pierre-Yves Brillet, Michel Brauner, Marianne Kambouchner, Sophie Huynh, Jean Marc Naccache, Raphael Borie, Jacques Piquet, Arsène Mekinian, Jerôme Virally, Yurdagul Uzunhan, Jacques Cadranel, Bruno Crestani, Olivier Fain, Francois Lhote, Robin Dhote, Nathalie Saidenberg-Kermanac'h, Paul-André Rosental, Dominique Valeyre, Hilario Nunes
The objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence and incidence of interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) in Seine-Saint-Denis, a multi-ethnic county of Greater Paris, France.Patients with ILDs were identified between January and December 2012 by using several sources; all potentially involved medical specialists from public and private hospitals, community-based pulmonologists and general practitioners, and the Social Security system. Diagnoses were validated centrally by an expert multidisciplinary discussion...
August 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774809/towards-diversity-in-genomics-the-emergence-of-neurogenomics-in-africa
#20
Emmanuel Quansah, Nathaniel W McGregor
There is a high burden of mental and neurological disorders in Africa. Nevertheless, there appears to be an under-representation of African ancestry populations in large-scale genomic studies. Here, we evaluated the extent of under-representation of Africans in neurogenomic studies in the GWAS Catalog. We found 569 neurogenomic studies, of which 88.9% were exclusively focused on people with European ancestry and the remaining 11.1% having African ancestry cases included. In terms of population, only 1.2% of the total populations involved in these 569 GWAS studies were of African descent...
August 1, 2017: Genomics
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