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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126818/composite-y-grafts-from-the-left-internal-mammary-artery-current-considerations
#1
EDITORIAL
Hugh S Paterson, Paul G Bannon
The use of composite coronary artery bypass grafts from the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) has increased over the last 20 years. Total arterial revascularisation can be achieved with two arterial conduits and is associated with a reduced risk of stroke. However, the traditional coronary bypass graft configurations of the in situ LIMA and aorto-coronary saphenous vein grafts remain as the mainstay of coronary bypass surgery in most centres. Concerns regarding composite Y grafts relate to (1) the adequacy of a single inflow for all coronary bypass grafts; (2) the risk of compromising the LIMA flow to the left anterior descending coronary artery; (3) the effects of competitive flow on graft patency; and (4) the use of sequential coronary anastomoses...
October 28, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097346/preliminary-experience-with-the-use-of-ultra-low-profile-endografts
#2
Daniela Mazzaccaro, Giovanni Malacrida, Bruno Amato, Salvatore Alessio Angileri, Anna Maria Ierardi, Giovanni Nano
PURPOSE: We aimed to report a preliminary single-center experience of elective endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) using ultra-low profile (ULP) endografts of 14 F outer diameter. METHODS: Data of 67 consecutive patients who underwent EVAR using either Ovation (group A, n=30) or Incraft (group B, n=37) endografts were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Aorto-iliac anatomy was significantly different between the two groups, as patients of group A had a greater thrombotic apposition on proximal aortic neck (thrombus thickness: 7...
November 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054793/native-vessel-cerab-re-establishes-aorto-iliac-flow-following-occluded-aortobifemoral-bypass
#3
Arindam Chaudhuri, Ramita Dey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022856/hybrid-technique-for-the-management-of-thoracoabdominal-aortic-thrombosis-and-symptomatic-trans-atlantic-inter-society-consensus-c-aorto-iliac-disease
#4
Aasim Khan, Thodur Vasudevan
Objective Thrombotic disease of the thoracic and abdominal aorta co-existing with aorto-iliac disease is a rare clinical association, which poses a great therapeutic challenge and adds to the complexity of the open surgical repair. Method We describe a case of 53-year-old woman with symptomatic thrombus in the thoracic and abdominal aorta down to the aortic bifurcation, which was successfully treated by Thoracic EndoVascular Aortic Repair via the left subclavian artery, open thrombectomy and aorto-iliac bypass...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020955/concomitant-aorto-right-subclavian-artery-bypass-with-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-case-report
#5
Hirokazu Tazume, Ken Okamoto, Toshihiro Fukui
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic stenosis of the brachiocephalic artery sometimes occurs in patients with coronary artery disease, and can cause stroke during the perioperative period of coronary artery bypass grafting. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the case of a 77-year old male with severe stenosis of the brachiocephalic artery and severe coronary artery disease. He successfully underwent aorto-right subclavian artery bypass that was performed concomitantly with off-pump coronary artery bypass...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955702/aorto-uni-iliac-stent-grafting-and-femoro-femoral-bypass-in-a-patient-with-a-failed-and-catastrophic-endovascular-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#6
Wonho Kim, Min Suk Choi, Jin Ho Choi
A 78-year-old man presented at Eulji University Hospital due to an abdominal aortic aneurysm with maximum diameter of 52 mm, which had been increased from 45 mm over 6 months. He underwent embolization of the left internal iliac artery with vascular plug, prior to endovascular abdominal aortic repair with a bifurcated stent graft system. Unfortunately, the inserted vascular plug was maldeployed and protruded into left external iliac artery, and caused acute limb ischemia. Because revascularization of the occluded segment was failed, emergent hybrid approach with aorto-uni-iliac stent grafting and femoro-femoral bypass was done, successfully...
September 2017: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932730/aorto-carotid-bypass-in-patients-with-takayasu-arteritis
#7
Hong Seok Han, Kyoung Won Yoon, Seon-Hee Heo, Yang Jin Park, Young-Wook Kim, Dong-Ik Kim
PURPOSE: Takayasu arteritis is an indication for bypass surgery when this condition results in severe cerebrovascular ischemia due to occlusion of the carotid arteries. We reviewed the patients with Takayasu arteritis who received aorto-carotid bypass due to cerebrovascular ischemia. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 19 patients with Takayasu arteritis who underwent aorto-carotid bypass from March 2002 to April 2015. RESULTS: All patients were female and the mean of their age was 40...
September 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922454/surgery-for-t4-lung-cancer-invading-the-thoracic-aorta-do-we-push-the-limits
#8
Giuseppe Marulli, Erino A Rendina, Walter Klepetko, Reinhold Perkmann, Davide Zampieri, Giulio Maurizi, Thomas Klikovits, Francesco Zaraca, Federico Venuta, Egle Perissinotto, Federico Rea
BACKGROUND: Few investigators have described en bloc resection of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) invading the aorta. AIM OF STUDY: Analysis of outcome and prognostic factors for en bloc resections of NSCLC invading the aorta. METHODS: Thirty-five patients (27 males, 8 females; mean age 63 ± 8.6 years) were operated between 1994 and 2015 in four European Centers. HISTOLOGY: 12 (34.3%) squamous cell carcinoma, and 6 (17...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893704/late-complication-after-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-what-is-the-role-of-an-open-surgical-conversion
#9
Lazar Davidovic, Milos Sladojevic, Igor Koncar, Miroslav Markovic, Tulga Ulus, Nikola Ilic, Marko Dragas, Vladimir Cvetic, Zoran Rancic
BACKGROUND: The aim was to evaluate the causes of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) failure and conversion to open surgery (COS) in a vascular center with high-volume open surgery and low-volume TEVAR procedures. METHODS: A total of 8 patients (6 men; mean age, 55.14 years) underwent COS after TEVAR. The indications for COS, intraoperative strategy, and early postoperative and mid-follow-up results were analyzed. RESULTS: The indications for COS were persistent proximal type I endoleak with progressive aneurysm enlargement in 2 patients, type III endoleak in 1 patient, progressive aneurysm enlargement with no endoleak in 1 patient, stent-graft migration in 2 patients, secondary aortoesophageal fistula in 1 patient, secondary aortoesophageal and aortobronchial fistula in 1 patient, and distal progression of the aneurysmal disease in 2 patients...
September 8, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876594/salmonella-typhimurium-infected-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-endovascular-repair-with-secondary-aortoenteric-fistula-formation
#10
M Dickfos, K Garnham, J Jenkins
Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is a widely accepted and used technique for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). However, it comes with a unique set of complications, two of the rarer being infection and aorto-enteric fistula formation. Due to the infrequency of the situation, there are currently no guidelines for their management. A 75-year-old male presented with vague abdominal pain and fevers. He was diagnosed with an infected abdominal aortic EVAR stent graft on computer tomography imaging...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859519/intraoperative-measurement-of-pressure-gradient-in-median-arcuate-ligament-syndrome-as-a-rationale-for-radical-surgical-approach
#11
Tomas Grus, Lukas Lambert, Tomas Vidim, Gabriela Grusova, Tomas Klika
BACKGROUND: Median arcuate ligament syndrome (MALS) describes clinical symptoms in patients with stenosis of the celiac artery due to external compression by the ligament. There is an ongoing debate, whether sole release of the median arcuate ligament warrants long-term relief of the symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight patients diagnosed with MALS underwent open surgical treatment beginning with the release of the ligament. Systemic pressure and pressure in the left gastric artery were measured before and after division of the median arcuate ligament and release of the celiac artery...
August 31, 2017: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843859/aortic-pseudoaneurysm-after-endarterectomy-for-small-aorta-syndrome
#12
M Domanin, D Bissacco, S Romagnoli, A Buora
INTRODUCTION: Small Aorta Syndrome (SAS) or hypoplastic aorto-iliac syndrome is a rare pathology of the aorta that affects almost exclusively young or middle-aged women and is characterized by smaller dimension of the aorta and iliac axes. Etiopathogenesis is unclear and many factors have been invoked. The smaller caliber of the aorta and iliac arteries may predispose to aorto-iliac occlusive disease development. In the past aorto-iliac endarterectomy (AE) with patch closure was utilized as an alternative to surgical bypass in order to correct steno-obstructive syndromes affecting carriers of SAS...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810647/limb-graft-occlusion-following-endovascular-aortic-repair-incidence-causes-treatment-and-prevention-in-a-study-cohort
#13
Guoquan Wang, Shuiting Zhai, Tianxiao Li, Xuan Li, Danghui Lu, Bo Wang, Dongbin Zhang, Shuaitao Shi, Zhidong Zhang, Kai Liang, Kewei Zhang, Xiaoyang Fu, Kun Li, Weixiao Li
The present study investigated the incidence, causes, treatment and prevention of limb graft occlusion following endovascular aortic repair (EVAR). A total of 66 cases of abdominal aortic aneurysm receiving EVAR at our department from January 2005 to December 2013 were enrolled. After EVAR, patients received routine antiplatelet therapy of 75 mg PLAVIX for 6 months and then 100 mg Aspirin for another 6 months by oral administration. According to previous clinical experiences, antiplatelet therapy is able to effectively reduce the incidence of iliac occlusion after EVAR...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804238/percutaneous-closure-of-the-aorto-ostial-origin-of-a-coronary-artery-saphenous-bypass-graft-with-a-large-pseudoaneurysm-using-the-amplatzer-muscular-ventricular-septal-defect-occluder
#14
Nicolas W Shammas, Majid Z Chammas, Jon Robken, Dale Geiss
We report the case of a 76-year-old male patient with a history of coronary artery bypass graft surgery presented with a large pseudoaneurysm emerging from a previously occluded saphenous bypass graft (SVG). A largely contained hematoma is seen in the mediastinum on computed tomography angiography (CTA) of the chest. Flow was seen from the ascending aorta into the pseudoaneurysm through the aorto-ostial opening of the bypass graft. Closure of the aorto-ostial origin of the graft was performed using the AMPLATZER muscular ventricular septal defect (VSD) occluder (St Jude's Medical, St...
September 2017: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739459/comparison-of-direct-and-less-invasive-techniques-for-the-treatment-of-severe-aorto-iliac-occlusive-disease
#15
Kimberly C Zamor, Andrew W Hoel, Irene B Helenowski, Adam W Beck, Joseph R Schneider, Karen J Ho
BACKGROUND: Severe aorto-iliac occlusive disease (AIOD) is traditionally treated with aorto-bifemoral (ABF) or aorto-unifemoral (AUF) bypass. However, cross-femoral bypass (CFB) and hybrid femoral endarterectomy and patch angioplasty with iliac stenting (EPS) have gained popularity as less invasive options. We sought to compare 1-year survival, primary patency, and major amputation rates between open surgical (ABF and AUF) and two less invasive reconstruction techniques (CFB and EPS) using a large, multicenter cohort...
July 21, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642109/neoaortic-xenoprosthetic-grafts-for-treatment-of-mycotic-aneurysms-and-infected-aortic-grafts
#16
Chukwudubem Anibueze, Visesh Sankaran, Umar Sadat, Kelvin Tan, Yvonne G Wilson, Robert E Brightwell, Michael S Delbridge, Philip W Stather
BACKGROUND: There is no international consensus regarding the optimum management of infected aortae (mycotic aneurysms, infected aortic grafts). Neoaortoiliac reconstruction has advantages over extra-anatomical bypass grafting; however, the use of autologous vein is associated with venous hypertension and compartment syndrome, alternatively cadaveric homografts are associated with high rates of perianastomotic hemorrhage, limb occlusion, and pseudoaneurysm. Arterial repair using xenoprosthetic patches is associated with lower infection rates compared to the use of prosthetic material...
June 20, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632147/crossover-iliofemoral-bypass-graft-through-tension-free-abdominal-wall-repair-mesh
#17
Mircea Muresan, Ovidiu Jimborean, Gabriela Jimborean, Radu Neagoe, Serban Bancu, Muresan Simona, Cristian Borz
INTRODUCTION: In vascular surgery the crossover iliofemoral bypass grafting is a well-known surgical technique. In general surgery the repair of an abdominal defect using a Polypropylene mesh is also a standard procedure. A particular technique is defined by the performance of these 2 separate procedures inside a single operation in which the crossover arterial graft is directed from the retroperitoneal space toward the contra-lateral femoral bifurcation through a Polypropylene mesh which closes the musculoaponeurotic layers of the abdominal wall...
June 8, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578897/inadvertent-anastomosis-of-the-left-internal-mammary-artery-to-the-great-cardiac-vein
#18
Shahryar G Saba, John N Makaryus, Shoshanah Kahn, Rakesh Shah, Perwaiz Meraj
We present an uncommon and underreported complication of coronary artery bypass graft surgery: erroneous anastomosis of the left internal mammary artery to the great cardiac vein. The iatrogenic aorto-coronary arteriovenous fistula with left-to-right shunting resulted in dilation of the coronary sinus, a supporting secondary finding. Factors predisposing to this inadvertent anastomosis include an intramyocardial segment of the left anterior descending coronary artery, demonstrated in this case, as well as epicardial fat and potentially fibrosis of the underlying myocardium...
May 19, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501657/effects-of-mentorship-on-graduating-vascular-surgery-trainees
#19
Matthew R Smeds, Cindy Huynh, Carol R Thrush, Mohammed M Moursi, Kwame S Amankwah
BACKGROUND: Mentorship within surgery, particularly vascular surgery, has not been extensively evaluated. This study sought to examine mentorship experiences in graduating vascular trainees (VTs). METHODS: An anonymous electronic survey examining current mentor relationships, ideal characteristics, academic productivity, and operative comfort level was emailed to all US graduating 2015 (n = 141) and 2016 (n = 144) VTs during their last year of training. A parallel survey was emailed to program/associate program directors (PDs) of all US vascular training programs (n = 169)...
October 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483618/perigraft-seroma-after-extra-anatomic-bypass-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Daniele Bissacco, Maurizio Domanin, Silvia Romagnoli, Livio Gabrielli
BACKGROUND: Extra-anatomic bypass (EAB) remains a viable alternative for lower limb revascularization if aorto-bifemoral bypass and endovascular therapy are contraindicated. Among EAB, perigraft seroma (PS) occurs in about 4% of cases. Diagnostic and therapeutic management, as well as standardized treatment paradigm, are still not well defined. The aim of this study is to report 5 PS cases in EAB and to review the literature about similar cases. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed EAB performed during the period 2002-2015...
October 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
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