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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759080/zika-virus-crosses-an-in-vitro-human-blood-brain-barrier-model
#1
Judie B Alimonti, Maria Ribecco-Lutkiewicz, Caroline Sodja, Anna Jezierski, Danica B Stanimirovic, Qing Liu, Arsalan S Haqqani, Wayne Conlan, Mahmud Bani-Yaghoub
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a flavivirus that is highly neurotropic causing congenital abnormalities and neurological damage to the central nervous systems (CNS). In this study, we used a human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived blood brain barrier (BBB) model to demonstrate that ZIKV can infect brain endothelial cells (i-BECs) without compromising the BBB barrier integrity or permeability. Although no disruption to the BBB was observed post-infection, ZIKV particles were released on the abluminal side of the BBB model and infected underlying iPSC-derived neural progenitor cells (i-NPs)...
May 15, 2018: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754958/automated-deep-learning-based-system-to-identify-endothelial-cells-derived-from-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells
#2
Dai Kusumoto, Mark Lachmann, Takeshi Kunihiro, Shinsuke Yuasa, Yoshikazu Kishino, Mai Kimura, Toshiomi Katsuki, Shogo Itoh, Tomohisa Seki, Keiichi Fukuda
Deep learning technology is rapidly advancing and is now used to solve complex problems. Here, we used deep learning in convolutional neural networks to establish an automated method to identify endothelial cells derived from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), without the need for immunostaining or lineage tracing. Networks were trained to predict whether phase-contrast images contain endothelial cells based on morphology only. Predictions were validated by comparison to immunofluorescence staining for CD31, a marker of endothelial cells...
May 3, 2018: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734169/cell-based-therapies-in-acute-kidney-injury-aki
#3
Daniel Patschan, Ivo Buschmann, Oliver Ritter, Andreas Kribben
Acute kidney injury frequently occurs in hospitalized patients all over the world. The prognosis remains poor since specific therapies for promoting kidney regeneration/repair are still missing. In recent years cell-based strategies have improved AKI outcomes under experimental circumstances. Four groups of cells, each of them displaying certain biological and functional characteristics have been evaluated in AKI, induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSCs), Spermatagonial Stem Cells (SSCs), Proangiogenic Cells (PACs) and Endothelial Colony Forming Cells (ECFCs), and Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs)...
May 3, 2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703082/fabrication-of-a-co-culture-micro-bioreactor-device-for-efficient-hepatic-differentiation-of-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-hipscs
#4
Mousa Kehtari, Bahman Zeynali, Masoud Soleimani, Mahboubeh Kabiri, Ehsan Seyedjafari
Primary hepatocytes, as the gold standard cell type for in vitro models, lose their characteristic morphology and functions after few days. There is an urgent need to develop physiologically relevant models that recapitulate liver microenvironment to obtain mature hepatocyte from stem cells. We designed and fabricated a micro-bioreactor device mimicking the physiological shear stress and cell-cell interaction in liver sinusoid microenvironment. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) were co-cultured with human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in the micro-bioreactor device with continuous perfusion of hepatic differentiation medium (100 μL/h)...
April 27, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685994/feeder-free-differentiation-of-cells-exhibiting-characteristics-of-corneal-endothelium-from-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells
#5
Michael D Wagoner, Laura R Bohrer, Benjamin T Aldrich, Mark A Greiner, Robert F Mullins, Kristan S Worthington, Budd A Tucker, Luke A Wiley
The purpose of this study was to devise a strategy for the derivation of corneal endothelial cells (CEnCs) from adult fibroblast-derived induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). IPSCs were generated from an adult human with normal ocular history via expression of OCT4 , SOX2 , KLF4 and c-MYC Neural crest cells (NCCs) were differentiated from iPSCs via addition of CHIR99021 and SB4315542. NCCs were driven toward a CEnC fate via addition of B27, PDGF-BB and DKK-2 to CEnC media. Differentiation of NCCs and CEnCs was evaluated via rt-PCR, morphological and immunocytochemical analysis...
April 23, 2018: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669293/three-dimensional-human-ipsc-derived-artificial-skeletal-muscles-model-muscular-dystrophies-and-enable-multilineage-tissue-engineering
#6
Sara Martina Maffioletti, Shilpita Sarcar, Alexander B H Henderson, Ingra Mannhardt, Luca Pinton, Louise Anne Moyle, Heather Steele-Stallard, Ornella Cappellari, Kim E Wells, Giulia Ferrari, Jamie S Mitchell, Giulia E Tyzack, Vassilios N Kotiadis, Moustafa Khedr, Martina Ragazzi, Weixin Wang, Michael R Duchen, Rickie Patani, Peter S Zammit, Dominic J Wells, Thomas Eschenhagen, Francesco Saverio Tedesco
Generating human skeletal muscle models is instrumental for investigating muscle pathology and therapy. Here, we report the generation of three-dimensional (3D) artificial skeletal muscle tissue from human pluripotent stem cells, including induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from patients with Duchenne, limb-girdle, and congenital muscular dystrophies. 3D skeletal myogenic differentiation of pluripotent cells was induced within hydrogels under tension to provide myofiber alignment. Artificial muscles recapitulated characteristics of human skeletal muscle tissue and could be implanted into immunodeficient mice...
April 17, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589805/hyaluronan-impairs-the-barrier-integrity-of-brain-microvascular-endothelial-cell-through-a-cd44-dependent-pathway
#7
Abraham J Al-Ahmad, Ronak Patel, Sean P Palecek, Eric V Shusta
Hyaluronan (HA) constitutes the most abundant extracellular matrix component during brain development, only to become a minor component rapidly after birth and in adulthood to remain in specified regions. HA signaling has been associated with several neurological disorders, yet the impact of HA signaling at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) function remains undocumented. In this study, we investigated the impact of HA on BBB properties using human-induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) -derived and primary human and rat BMECs...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576540/human-ipsc-derived-endothelial-cells-and-microengineered-organ-chip-enhance-neuronal-development
#8
Samuel Sances, Ritchie Ho, Gad Vatine, Dylan West, Alex Laperle, Amanda Meyer, Marlesa Godoy, Paul S Kay, Berhan Mandefro, Seigo Hatata, Chris Hinojosa, Norman Wen, Dhruv Sareen, Geraldine A Hamilton, Clive N Svendsen
Human stem cell-derived models of development and neurodegenerative diseases are challenged by cellular immaturity in vitro. Microengineered organ-on-chip (or Organ-Chip) systems are designed to emulate microvolume cytoarchitecture and enable co-culture of distinct cell types. Brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) share common signaling pathways with neurons early in development, but their contribution to human neuronal maturation is largely unknown. To study this interaction and influence of microculture, we derived both spinal motor neurons and BMECs from human induced pluripotent stem cells and observed increased calcium transient function and Chip-specific gene expression in Organ-Chips compared with 96-well plates...
March 21, 2018: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570159/generation-of-human-vascularized-brain-organoids
#9
Missy T Pham, Kari M Pollock, Melanie D Rose, Whitney A Cary, Heather R Stewart, Ping Zhou, Jan A Nolta, Ben Waldau
The aim of this study was to vascularize brain organoids with a patient's own endothelial cells (ECs). Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) of one UC Davis patient were grown into whole-brain organoids. Simultaneously, iPSCs from the same patient were differentiated into ECs. On day 34, the organoid was re-embedded in Matrigel with 250 000 ECs. Vascularized organoids were grown in vitro for 3-5 weeks or transplanted into immunodeficient mice on day 54, and animals were perfused on day 68. Coating of brain organoids on day 34 with ECs led to robust vascularization of the organoid after 3-5 weeks in vitro and 2 weeks in vivo...
March 21, 2018: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562916/integration-of-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-endothelial-cells-with-polycaprolactone-gelatin-based-electrospun-scaffolds-for-enhanced-therapeutic-angiogenesis
#10
Richard P Tan, Alex H P Chan, Katarina Lennartsson, Maria M Miravet, Bob S L Lee, Jelena Rnjak-Kovacina, Zoe E Clayton, John P Cooke, Martin K C Ng, Sanjay Patel, Steven G Wise
BACKGROUND: Induced pluripotent stem-cell derived endothelial cells (iPSC-ECs) can be generated from any somatic cell and their iPSC sources possess unlimited self-renewal. Previous demonstration of their proangiogenic activity makes them a promising cell type for treatment of ischemic injury. As with many other stem cell approaches, the low rate of in-vivo survival has been a major limitation to the efficacy of iPSC-ECs to date. In this study, we aimed to increase the in-vivo lifetime of iPSC-ECs by culturing them on electrospun polycaprolactone (PCL)/gelatin scaffolds, before quantifying the subsequent impact on their proangiogenic function...
March 21, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463314/functional-brain-specific-microvessels-from-ipsc-derived-human-brain-microvascular-endothelial-cells-the-role-of-matrix-composition-on-monolayer-formation
#11
Moriah E Katt, Raleigh M Linville, Lakyn N Mayo, Zinnia S Xu, Peter C Searson
BACKGROUND: Transwell-based models of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) incorporating monolayers of human brain microvascular endothelial cells (dhBMECs) derived from induced pluripotent stem cells show many of the key features of the BBB, including expression of transporters and efflux pumps, expression of tight junction proteins, and physiological values of transendothelial electrical resistance. The fabrication of 3D BBB models using dhBMECs has so far been unsuccessful due to the poor adhesion and survival of these cells on matrix materials commonly used in tissue engineering...
February 20, 2018: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452238/human-adipose-tissue-derived-stromal-cells-in-combination-with-exogenous-stimuli-facilitate-three-dimensional-network-formation-of-human-endothelial-cells-derived-from-various-sources
#12
Dominique Manikowski, Birgit Andrée, Esther Samper, Clémence Saint-Marc, Ruth Olmer, Peter Vogt, Sarah Strauß, Axel Haverich, Andres Hilfiker
In natural tissues, the nutrition of cells and removal of waste products is facilitated by a dense capillary network which is generated during development. This perfusion system is also indispensable for tissue formation in vitro. Nutrition depending solely on diffusion is not sufficient to generate tissues of clinically relevant dimensions, which is a core aim in tissue engineering research. In this study, the establishment of a vascular network was investigated in a self-assembling approach employing endothelial and mural cells...
February 13, 2018: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444476/retraction-notice-to-in-vitro-modeling-of-blood-brain-barrier-with-human-ipsc-derived-endothelial-cells-pericytes-neurons-and-astrocytes-via-notch-signaling
#13
Kohei Yamamizu, Mio Iwasaki, Hitomi Takakubo, Takumi Sakamoto, Takeshi Ikuno, Mami Miyoshi, Takayuki Kondo, Yoichi Nakao, Masato Nakagawa, Haruhisa Inoue, Jun K Yamashita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2018: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422650/evaluating-the-potential-of-endothelial-cells-derived-from-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-to-form-microvascular-networks-in-3d-cultures
#14
Jonathan R Bezenah, Yen P Kong, Andrew J Putnam
A major translational challenge in the fields of therapeutic angiogenesis and regenerative medicine is the need to create functional microvasculature. The purpose of this study was to assess whether a potentially autologous endothelial cell (EC) source derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC-ECs) can form the same robust, stable microvasculature as previously documented for other sources of ECs. We utilized a well-established in vitro assay, in which endothelial cell-coated (iPSC-EC or HUVEC) beads were co-embedded with fibroblasts in a 3D fibrin matrix to assess their ability to form stable microvessels...
February 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420830/acellular-therapeutic-approach-for-heart-failure-in-vitro-production-of-extracellular-vesicles-from-human-cardiovascular-progenitors
#15
Nadia El Harane, Anaïs Kervadec, Valérie Bellamy, Laetitia Pidial, Hany J Neametalla, Marie-Cécile Perier, Bruna Lima Correa, Léa Thiébault, Nicolas Cagnard, Angéline Duché, Camille Brunaud, Mathilde Lemitre, Jeanne Gauthier, Alexandra T Bourdillon, Marc P Renault, Yeranuhi Hovhannisyan, Solenne Paiva, Alexandre R Colas, Onnik Agbulut, Albert Hagège, Jean-Sébastien Silvestre, Philippe Menasché, Nisa K E Renault
Aims: We have shown that extracellular vesicles (EVs) secreted by embryonic stem cell-derived cardiovascular progenitor cells (Pg) recapitulate the therapeutic effects of their parent cells in a mouse model of chronic heart failure (CHF). Our objectives are to investigate whether EV released by more readily available cell sources are therapeutic, whether their effectiveness is influenced by the differentiation state of the secreting cell, and through which mechanisms they act. Methods and results: The total EV secreted by human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiovascular progenitors (iPSC-Pg) and human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CM) were isolated by ultracentrifugation and characterized by Nanoparticle Tracking Analysis, western blot, and cryo-electron microscopy...
February 6, 2018: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406542/protein-engineered-hydrogels-enhance-the-survival-of-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-endothelial-cells-for-treatment-of-peripheral-arterial-disease
#16
Abbygail A Foster, Ruby E Dewi, Lei Cai, Luqia Hou, Zachary Strassberg, Cynthia A Alcazar, Sarah C Heilshorn, Ngan F Huang
A key feature of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is damage to endothelial cells (ECs), resulting in lower limb pain and restricted blood flow. Recent preclinical studies demonstrate that the transplantation of ECs via direct injection into the affected limb can result in significantly improved blood circulation. Unfortunately, the clinical application of this therapy has been limited by low cell viability and poor cell function. To address these limitations we have developed an injectable, recombinant hydrogel, termed SHIELD (Shear-thinning Hydrogel for Injectable Encapsulation and Long-term Delivery) for cell transplantation...
February 27, 2018: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382846/a-novel-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-blood-brain-barrier-model-applicability-to-study-antibody-triggered-receptor-mediated-transcytosis
#17
Maria Ribecco-Lutkiewicz, Caroline Sodja, Julie Haukenfrers, Arsalan S Haqqani, Dao Ly, Peter Zachar, Ewa Baumann, Marguerite Ball, Jez Huang, Marina Rukhlova, Marzia Martina, Qing Liu, Danica Stanimirovic, Anna Jezierski, Mahmud Bani-Yaghoub
We have developed a renewable, scalable and transgene free human blood-brain barrier model, composed of brain endothelial cells (BECs), generated from human amniotic fluid derived induced pluripotent stem cells (AF-iPSC), which can also give rise to syngeneic neural cells of the neurovascular unit. These AF-iPSC-derived BECs (i-BEC) exhibited high transendothelial electrical resistance (up to 1500 Ω cm2 ) inducible by astrocyte-derived molecular cues and retinoic acid treatment, polarized expression of functional efflux transporters and receptor mediated transcytosis triggered by antibodies against specific receptors...
January 30, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364596/an-accessible-organotypic-microvessel-model-using-ipsc-derived-endothelium
#18
Patrick N Ingram, Laurel E Hind, Jose A Jiminez-Torres, Anna Huttenlocher, David J Beebe
While organotypic approaches promise increased relevance through the inclusion of increased complexity (e.g., 3D extracellular microenvironment, structure/function relationships, presence of multiple cell types), cell source is often overlooked. Induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived cells are potentially more physiologically relevant than cell lines, while also being less variable than primary cells, and recent advances have made them commercially available at costs similar to cell lines. Here, the use of induced pluripotent stem cell-derived endothelium for the generation of a functional microvessel model is demonstrated...
January 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205106/differential-expression-of-cholinergic-system-components-in-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-bone-marrow-derived-multipotent-stromal-cells-and-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-multipotent-stromal-cells
#19
Ramona Weist, Thilo Flörkemeier, Yvonne Roger, Annika Franke, Kristin Schwanke, Robert Zweigerdt, Ulrich Martin, Elmar Willbold, Andrea Hoffmann
The components of the cholinergic system are evolutionary very old and conserved molecules that are expressed in typical spatiotemporal patterns. They are involved in signaling in the nervous system, whereas their functions in nonneuronal tissues are hardly understood. Stem cells present an attractive cellular system to address functional issues. This study therefore compared human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs; from cord blood endothelial cells), mesenchymal stromal cells derived from iPSCs (iPSC-MSCs), and bone marrow-derived MSCs (BM-MSCs) from up to 33 different human donors with respect to gene expressions of components of the cholinergic system...
February 1, 2018: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203658/molecular-and-functional-resemblance-of-differentiated-cells-derived-from-isogenic-human-ipscs-and-scnt-derived-escs
#20
Ming-Tao Zhao, Haodong Chen, Qing Liu, Ning-Yi Shao, Nazish Sayed, Hung-Ta Wo, Joe Z Zhang, Sang-Ging Ong, Chun Liu, Youngkyun Kim, Huaxiao Yang, Tony Chour, Hong Ma, Nuria Marti Gutierrez, Ioannis Karakikes, Shoukhrat Mitalipov, Michael P Snyder, Joseph C Wu
Patient-specific pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) can be generated via nuclear reprogramming by transcription factors (i.e., induced pluripotent stem cells, iPSCs) or by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). However, abnormalities and preclinical application of differentiated cells generated by different reprogramming mechanisms have yet to be evaluated. Here we investigated the molecular and functional features, and drug response of cardiomyocytes (PSC-CMs) and endothelial cells (PSC-ECs) derived from genetically relevant sets of human iPSCs, SCNT-derived embryonic stem cells (nt-ESCs), as well as in vitro fertilization embryo-derived ESCs (IVF-ESCs)...
December 26, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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