keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Canadian first nations

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899222/trimester-specific-dietary-intakes-in-a-sample-of-french-canadian-pregnant-women-in-comparison-with-national-nutritional-guidelines
#1
Claudia Savard, Simone Lemieux, S John Weisnagel, Bénédicte Fontaine-Bisson, Claudia Gagnon, Julie Robitaille, Anne-Sophie Morisset
Diet during pregnancy greatly impacts health outcomes. This study aims to measure changes in dietary intakes throughout trimesters and to assess pregnant women’s dietary intakes in comparison with current Canadian nutritional recommendations. Seventy-nine pregnant women were recruited and completed, within each trimester, three Web-based 24-h dietary recalls and one Web questionnaire on supplement use. Dietary intakes from food, with and without supplements, were compared to nutritional recommendations throughout pregnancy...
June 14, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897458/increased-aif-1-mediated-tnf-%C3%AE-expression-during-implantation-phase-in-ivf-cycles-with-gnrh-antagonist-protocol
#2
Bufang Xu, Mingjuan Zhou, Jingwen Wang, Dan Zhang, Feng Guo, Chenchen Si, Peter C K Leung, Aijun Zhang
STUDY QUESTION: Is allograft inflammatory factor-1 (AIF-1), a cytokine associated with inflammation and allograft rejection, aberrantly elevated in in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles with gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist protocol with potential effects on endometrial receptivity? SUMMARY ANSWER: Our findings indicated AIF-1 is increased in IVF cycles with GnRH antagonist protocol and mediates greater TNF-α expression during implantation phase, which may be unfavorable for embryo implantation...
June 12, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868620/herd-level-mastitis-associated-costs-on-canadian-dairy-farms
#3
Mahjoob Aghamohammadi, Denis Haine, David F Kelton, Herman W Barkema, Henk Hogeveen, Gregory P Keefe, Simon Dufour
Mastitis imposes considerable and recurring economic losses on the dairy industry worldwide. The main objective of this study was to estimate herd-level costs incurred by expenditures and production losses associated with mastitis on Canadian dairy farms in 2015, based on producer reports. Previously, published mastitis economic frameworks were used to develop an economic model with the most important cost components. Components investigated were divided between clinical mastitis (CM), subclinical mastitis (SCM), and other costs components (i...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845048/undergraduate-plastic-surgery-education-a-national-survey-of-clerkship-directors
#4
Alexander Morzycki, Martin LeBlanc, Jason Williams
Background: The delivery of medical education has received increased attention in recent years due to ongoing time and financial constraints faced by medical educators. Given the recent calls to action by the Carnegie Foundation and Health Canada, an evaluation of the specialty education sector is warranted. To our knowledge, this is the first assessment of the Canadian plastic surgery undergraduate clerkship curriculum. Method: An anonymous electronic survey was distributed to the plastic surgery clerkship directors of all Canadian medical schools (N = 17)...
May 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844103/establishing-a-protocol-for-building-a-pan-canadian-population-based-monitoring-system-for-early-childhood-development-for-children-with-health-disorders-canadian-children-s-health-in-context-study-cchics
#5
Magdalena Janus, Marni Brownell, Caroline Reid-Westoby, Teresa Bennett, Catherine Birken, Robert Coplan, Eric Duku, Mark A Ferro, Barry Forer, Stelios Georgiades, Jan Willem Gorter, Martin Guhn, Jonathon L Maguire, Heather Manson, Jacqueline Pei, Rob Santos
INTRODUCTION: Health disorders early in life have tremendous impact on children's developmental trajectories. Almost 80% of children with health disorders lack the developmental skills to take full advantage of school-based education relative to 27% of children without a health disorder. In Canada, there is currently a dearth of nationally representative data on the social determinants of early childhood development for children with health disorders. Evidence from Canada and other countries indicate that poorer developmental outcomes in typically developing children are associated with lower socioeconomic status (SES)...
May 29, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806563/violence-adolescence-and-canadian-religious-communities-a-quantitative-study
#6
Valerie Michaelson, Peter Donnelly, William Morrow, Nathan King, Wendy Craig, William Pickett
Exposure to violence is recognized as a major health concern among adolescent populations. The evidence base that links religious involvement with risks for child violence is inconsistent. In a national analysis involving a weighted sample of 24,307 young people, we studied the perpetration of violence (fighting and bullying), as well as victimization by violence (bullying only), among young people who were affiliated with religious groups. One in four young Canadians reported involvement in such groups. Study findings confirmed some unique patterns among this group...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796026/a-systematic-review-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#7
Mohamad Javad Foroughi Moghadam, Saeed Taheri, Farzad Peiravian
Cancer constitutes a huge burden on societies in countries with any level of economic development. Prostate cancer is the first most diagnosed cancer of men in developed countries and the forth one in developing countries in terms of incidence rate. It is also the third incident cancer of men in Iran along with a prevalence of about 10,000 cases. Castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is a severe stage of the disease with a number of newly discovered treatment options. These therapeutic alternatives including abiraterone acetate, enzalutamide, cabazitaxel, immunotherapy with sipuleucel-T, radiopharmaceuticals and bone-targeted therapies (zoledronic acid, denosumab) along with docetaxel have made the decision making process complex and challenging for clinicians...
2018: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793887/the-characteristics-of-physicians-who-are-re-disciplined-by-medical-boards-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Thurarshen Jeyalingam, John J Matelski, Asim Q Alam, Jessica J Liu, Hanna Goldberg, Jason Klemensberg, Chaim M Bell
BACKGROUND: Physician misconduct adversely affects patient safety and is therefore of societal importance. Little work has specifically examined re-disciplined physicians. A study was conducted to compare the characteristics of re-disciplined to first-time disciplined physicians. METHODS: A retrospective review of Canadian physicians disciplined by medical boards between 2000 and 2015 was conducted. Physicians were divided into those disciplined once and those disciplined more than once...
June 2018: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789285/-all-my-relations-experiences-and-perceptions-of-indigenous-patients-connecting-with-indigenous-elders-in-an-inner-city-primary-care-partnership-for-mental-health-and-well-being
#9
George Hadjipavlou, Colleen Varcoe, David Tu, Jennifer Dehoney, Roberta Price, Annette J Browne
BACKGROUND: Mental health services in urban settings generally have not been adapted to serve the needs of Indigenous patients. We explored how patients' encounters with Indigenous Elders affected their overall mental health and well-being to identify therapeutic mechanisms underlying improvement. METHODS: We conducted qualitative interviews of participants enrolled in a 6-month prospective mixed-methods evaluation of a program for mental health and well-being that featured the inclusion of Elders in the direct care of Indigenous patients in an inner city primary care clinic...
May 22, 2018: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788941/are-we-really-eating-well-with-canada-s-food-guide
#10
Joyce J Slater, Adriana N Mudryj
BACKGROUND: Canada's Food Guide (CFG) has been an important health promotion tool for over seventy years. The most recent version was released in 2007. This study examined Canadians' exposure to, knowledge, and use of CFG. METHODS: Data came from the Canadian Community Health Survey's Rapid Response on the Awareness and Usage of Canada's Food Guide, which included 10,098 Canadians ≥12 y in all ten provinces. Questions were asked on familiarity, awareness and usage of CFG and Canada's Food Guide for First Nations, Inuit and Métis, as well as healthy eating principles and behaviours...
May 22, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787562/a-thirty-year-fine-scale-characterization-of-area-burned-in-canadian-forests-shows-evidence-of-regionally-increasing-trends-in-the-last-decade
#11
Nicholas C Coops, Txomin Hermosilla, Michael A Wulder, Joanne C White, Douglas K Bolton
Fire as a dominant disturbance has profound implications on the terrestrial carbon cycle. We present the first ever multi-decadal, spatially-explicit, 30 meter assessment of fire regimes across the forested ecoregions of Canada at an annual time-step. From 1985 to 2015, 51 Mha burned, impacting over 6.5% of forested ecosystems. Mean annual area burned was 1,651,818 ha and varied markedly (σ = 1,116,119), with 25% of the total area burned occurring in three years: 1989, 1995, and 2015. Boreal forest types contained 98% of the total area burned, with the conifer-dominated Boreal Shield containing one-third of all burned area...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784168/prevalence-and-determinants-of-visual-impairment-in-canada-cross-sectional-data-from-the-canadian-longitudinal-study-on-aging
#12
Rumaisa Aljied, Marie-Josée Aubin, Ralf Buhrmann, Saama Sabeti, Ellen E Freeman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and determinants of visual impairment in Canada. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study. PARTICIPANTS: 30,097 people in the Comprehensive Cohort of the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging METHODS: Inclusion criteria included being between the ages of 45 and 85 years old, community-dwelling, and living near one of the 11 data collection sites across 7 Canadian provinces. People were excluded if they were in an institution, living on a First Nations reserve, were a full-time member of the Canadian Armed Forces, did not speak French or English, or had cognitive impairment...
June 2018: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770079/summary-of-the-naci-update-on-the-recommended-use-of-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccine-nine-valent-hpv-vaccine-two-dose-immunization-schedule-and-the-use-of-hpv-vaccines-in-immunocompromised-populations
#13
S L Deeks, M C Tunis, S Ismail
Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections are the most common sexually transmitted infections. In the absence of vaccination, it is estimated that 75% of sexually active Canadians will have an HPV infection at some point in their lives. HPV vaccine programs were first recommended by Canada's National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI) in 2007. In addition to the existing HPV vaccine options in Canada, NACI recently recommended the use of a newly authorized nine-valent HPV (HPV9) vaccine according to a 3-dose immunization schedule for the prevention of HPV types 6-, 11-, 16-, 18-, 31-, 33-, 45-, 52- and 58-related cancers and anogenital warts in females aged 9 to 45 years and males aged 9 to 26 years...
June 1, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770052/surveillance-of-laboratory-exposures-to-human-pathogens-and-toxins-canada-2016
#14
A Bienek, M Heisz, M Su
Background: Canada recently enacted legislation to authorize the collection of data on laboratory incidents involving a biological agent. This is done by the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) as part of a comprehensive national program that protects Canadians from the health and safety risks posed by human and terrestrial animal pathogens and toxins. Objective: To describe the first year of data on laboratory exposure incidents and/or laboratory-acquired infections in Canada since the Human Pathogens and Toxins Regulations came into effect...
November 2, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764628/national-preceptor-development-program-pdp-influential-evidence-and-theory-the-first-of-a-3-part-series
#15
Katrina Mulherin, Sheila Walter, Craig D Cox
INTRODUCTION: Priority #3 of the Canadian Experiential Education Project for Pharmacy provided evidence-based guidance for the design and implementation of a national approach to preceptor development. In this first article (of three), findings from the project and recommendations to achieve a high-quality preceptor development program (PDP) are presented. METHODS: A multi-method approach including detailed semi-structured interviews, classic literature review, and advisory committee feedback was employed...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764173/developing-palliative-care-programs-in-indigenous-communities-using-participatory-action-research-a-canadian-application-of-the-public-health-approach-to-palliative-care
#16
Mary Lou Kelley, Holly Prince, Shevaun Nadin, Kevin Brazil, Maxine Crow, Gaye Hanson, Luanne Maki, Lori Monture, Christopher J Mushquash, Valerie O'Brien, Jeroline Smith
BACKGROUND: The Indigenous people of Canada include First Nations, Inuit and Metis. This research focused on four diverse First Nations communities located in Ontario and Manitoba. First Nations communities have well-established culturally-based social processes for supporting their community members experiencing dying, loss, grief and bereavement. However, communities do not have formalized local palliative care (PC) programs and have limited access to medical services, especially pain and symptom management...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724108/wiisokotaatiwin-development-and-evaluation-of-a-community-based-palliative-care-program-in-naotkamegwanning-first-nation
#17
Shevaun Nadin, Maxine Crow, Holly Prince, Mary Lou Kelley
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 474 000 Indigenous people live in 617 First Nations communities across Canada; 125 of those communities are located in Ontario, primarily in rural and remote areas. Common rural health challenges, including for palliative care, involve quality and access. The need for culturally relevant palliative care programs in First Nations communities is urgent because the population is aging with a high burden of chronic and terminal disease. Because local palliative care is lacking, most First Nations people now leave their culture, family and community to receive care in distant hospitals or long-term care homes...
April 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713205/pessary-use-in-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-review-of-advantages-complications-patient-satisfaction-and-quality-of-life
#18
REVIEW
Ghadeer Al-Shaikh, Sadiqa Syed, Somaia Osman, Abdulrahman Bogis, Ahmed Al-Badr
Stress urinary incontinnce (SUI) is a common condition among women. The usual approach to treatment of SUI is a stepwise plan from conservative to surgical procedures. A vaginal pessary is one of the commonly used conservative treatments that offer symptomatic improvement for women with incontinence. This review provides a critical analysis of the benefits and shortcomings offered by vaginal pessaries to patients affected by SUI, with a particular focus on indications, advantages, quality of life, patient satisfaction, and potential complications...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673362/problems-maintaining-collaborative-approaches-with-excluded-populations-in-a-randomised-control-trial-lessons-learned-implementing-housing-first-in-france
#19
Pauline Rhenter, Aurélie Tinland, Julien Grard, Christian Laval, Jean Mantovani, Delphine Moreau, Benjamin Vidaud, Tim Greacen, Pascal Auquier, Vincent Girard
BACKGROUND: In 2006, a local collective combating homelessness set up an 'experimental squat' in an abandoned building in Marseille, France's second largest city. They envisioned the squat as an alternative to conventional health and social services for individuals experiencing long-term homelessness and severe psychiatric disorders. Building on what they learned from the squat, some then joined a larger coalition that succeeded in convincing national government decision-makers to develop a scientific, intervention-based programme based on the Housing First model...
April 19, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652937/trajectories-of-maternal-depressive-symptoms-during-pregnancy-and-the-first-12-months-postpartum-and-child-externalizing-and-internalizing-behavior-at-three-years
#20
Dawn Kingston, Heather Kehler, Marie-Paule Austin, Muhammad Kashif Mughal, Abdul Wajid, Lydia Vermeyden, Karen Benzies, Stephanie Brown, Scott Stuart, Rebecca Giallo
BACKGROUND: Most evidence of the association between maternal depression and children's development is limited by being cross-sectional. To date, few studies have modelled trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms from pregnancy through the early postpartum years and examined their association with social emotional and behavior functioning in preschool children. The objectives of this study were to: 1) identify distinct groups of women defined by their trajectories of depressive symptoms across four time points from mid-pregnancy to one year postpartum; and 2) examine the associations between these trajectories and child internalizing and externalizing behaviors...
2018: PloS One
keyword
keyword
5216
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"