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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108593/the-differentiated-effects-of-health-on-political-participation
#1
Jérôme Couture, Sandra Breux
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that an individual's state of health can significantly affect their decision to vote, but analysis is often only done on a single level of government; the national level. However, prior research has shown that the determining factors for voting can differ according to the level of government being considered. Our analysis is the first attempt to take a comprehensive look at the magnitude of health and political participation in a same country on different levels...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107109/sex-with-neighbors-canada-and-canadians-in-the-u-s-homophile-press
#2
Marc Stein
This article examines U.S. homophile magazine contributions from and representations of Canada from 1953 to 1964. Drawing on 240 articles, letters, and other items that were published in ONE, Mattachine Review, and The Ladder, the essay first reviews Canadian-authored materials and then shows that U.S. gay and lesbian movement periodicals depicted Canada as more sexually conservative than the United States in three ways and more sexually liberal in one way. The magazines presented Canada as more sexually conservative in its failure to develop an organized gay and lesbian movement, its policies and practices of sexual censorship, and its opposition to progressive homosexual law reform...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106469/building-a-dna-barcode-library-of-alaska-s-non-marine-arthropods
#3
Derek S Sikes, Matthew Bowser, John M Morton, Casey Bickford, Sarah Meierotto, Kyndall Hildebrandt
Climate change may result in ecological futures with novel species assemblages, trophic mismatch, and mass extinction. Alaska has a limited taxonomic workforce to address these changes. We are building a DNA barcode library to facilitate a metabarcoding approach to monitoring non-marine arthropods. Working with the Canadian Centre for DNA Barcoding, we obtained DNA barcodes from recently collected and authoritatively identified specimens in the University of Alaska Museum (UAM) Insect Collection and the Kenai National Wildlife Refuge collection...
October 21, 2016: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092966/avian-influenza-prevalence-among-hunter-harvested-birds-in-a-remote-canadian-first-nation-community
#4
Eric N Liberda, Richard Meldrum, Nadia A Charania, Robert Davey, Leonard Js Tsuji
INTRODUCTION: Avian influenza virus (AIV) prevalence has been associated with wild game and other bird species. The contamination of these birds may pose a greater risk to those who regularly hunt and consumed infected species. Due to resident concerns communicated by local Band Council, hunter-harvested birds from a remote First Nation community in subArctic Ontario, Canada were assessed for AIV. Hunters, and especially those who live a subsistence lifestyle, are at higher risk of AIV exposure due to their increased contact with wild birds, which represent an important part of their diet...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077911/a-decade-of-data-protection-for-innovative-drugs-in-canada-issues-limitations-and-time-for-a-reassessment
#5
Megan Kendall, Declan Hamill
Drug regulators in Canada and in other nations require innovative pharmaceutical companies to submit undisclosed clinical or other data as a condition of approving the marketing of new pharmaceutical products-the origination of which involves considerable effort and investment. Data protection regulations were enacted in Canada in 2006, which-to some extent-closed a loophole in intellectual property law that had previously left innovative companies with no effective data protection for their clinical data. Although the regulations were intended to clarify and effectively implement Canada's international treaty obligations in the spirit of innovation, a review of Canada's first decade of effective data protection shows that Health Canada and Canadian courts have interpreted the scope of data protection for innovative drugs in a narrow manner that undermines and is inconsistent with the intent of the regulations...
December 1, 2016: Biotechnology Law Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068362/conflict-of-interest-policies-at-french-medical-schools-starting-from-the-bottom
#6
Paul Scheffer, Christian Guy-Coichard, David Outh-Gauer, Zoéline Calet-Froissart, Mathilde Boursier, Barbara Mintzes, Jean-Sébastien Borde
BACKGROUND: Medical faculties have a role in ensuring that their students are protected from undue commercial influence during their training, and are educated about professional-industry interactions. In North America, many medical faculties have introduced more stringent conflict of interest (COI) policies during the last decade. We asked whether similar steps had been taken in France. We hypothesized that such policies may have been introduced following a 2009-2010 drug safety scandal (benfluorex, Mediator) in which COIs in medicine received prominent press attention...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056450/current-status-and-associated-human-health-risk-of-vanadium-in-soil-in-china
#7
Jie Yang, Yanguo Teng, Jin Wu, Haiyang Chen, Guoqiang Wang, Liuting Song, Weifeng Yue, Rui Zuo, Yuanzheng Zhai
A detailed assessment of vanadium contamination characteristics in China was conducted based on the first national soil pollution survey. The map overlay analysis was used to evaluate the contamination level of vanadium and the non-carcinogenic risk assessment model was calculated to quantify the vanadium exposure risks to human health. The results showed that, due to the drastically increased mining and smelting activities, 26.49% of soils were contaminated by vanadium scattered in southwest of China. According to Canadian soil quality guidelines, about 8...
December 13, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050654/misalignments-of-purpose-and-power-in-an-early-canadian-interprofessional-education-initiative
#8
Sarah Whyte, Elise Paradis, Carrie Cartmill, Ayelet Kuper, Heather Boon, Corinne Hart, Saleem Razack, Mandy Pipher, Cynthia R Whitehead
Interprofessional education (IPE) has been widely incorporated into health professional curricula and accreditation standards despite an arguably thin base of evidence regarding its clinical effects, theoretical underpinnings, and social implications. To better understand how and why IPE first took root, but failed to grow, this study examines one of the earliest documented IPE initiatives, which took place at the University of British Columbia between 1960 and 1975. We examined a subset of 110 texts (academic literature, grey literature, and unpublished records) from a larger study that uses Critical Discourse Analysis to trace the emergence of IPE in Canada...
January 3, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049480/effectiveness-of-sensor-monitoring-in-an-occupational-therapy-rehabilitation-program-for-older-individuals-after-hip-fracture-the-so-hip-trial-study-protocol-of-a-three-arm-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomized-trial
#9
Margriet C Pol, Gerben Ter Riet, Margo van Hartingsveldt, Ben Kröse, Sophia E de Rooij, Bianca M Buurman
BACKGROUND: The performance of activities of daily living (ADL) at home is important for the recovery of older individuals after hip fracture. However, 20-90% of these individuals lose ADL function and never fully recover. It is currently unknown to what extent occupational therapy (OT) with coaching based on cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) improves recovery. The same holds for sensor monitoring-based coaching in addition to OT. Here, we describe the design of a study investigating the effect of sensor monitoring embedded in an OT rehabilitation program on the recovery of ADL among older individuals after hip fracture...
January 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018134/prospective-childhood-risk-factors-for-gang-involvement-among-north-american-indigenous-adolescents
#10
Dane S Hautala, Kelley J Sittner Hartshorn, Les B Whitbeck
The purpose of the study was to examine prospective childhood risk factors for gang involvement across the course of adolescence among a large eight-year longitudinal sample of 646 Indigenous (i.e., American Indian and Canadian First Nations) youth residing on reservation/reserve land in the Midwest of the United States and Canada. Risk factors at the first wave of the study (ages 10-12) were used to predict gang involvement (i.e., gang membership and initiation) in subsequent waves (ages 11-18). A total of 6...
2016: Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991658/untangling-the-association-between-migraine-pain-and-anxiety-examining-migraine-and-generalized-anxiety-disorders-in-a-canadian-population-based-study
#11
Esme Fuller-Thomson, Janany Jayanthikumar, Senyo K Agbeyaka
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate: (1) the prevalence and unadjusted and adjusted odds of 12-month generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) among adults with migraine in comparison to those without migraine; (2) If debilitating pain and/or limitations in instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) are mediators of the migraine-GAD association; and (3) Factors associated with past year GAD among adults with migraine. METHODS: Secondary data analysis of the nationally representative 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health (CCHS-MS), a population-based survey of community dwellers with a response rate of 68...
December 19, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989927/major-depressive-disorder-among-preadolescent-canadian-children-rare-disorder-or-rarely-detected
#12
Daphne J Korczak, Marianna Ofner, John LeBlanc, Sam Wong, Mark Feldman, Patricia C Parkin
OBJECTIVE: Despite agreement that preadult onset of depression is associated with greater illness severity, and that children can meet the diagnostic criteria for major depressive disorder (MDD), few studies have examined the presentation of MDD among young children. This is the first nationwide study of MDD among preadolescent children in Canada. METHODS: Pediatrician members (2500) of a Canadian pediatric surveillance network were surveyed monthly over 3 years to report new cases of MDD among 5- to 12-year-olds...
December 21, 2016: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977086/report-summary-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-canada-2016
#13
L McRae, S O'Donnell, L Loukine, N Rancourt, C Pelletier
Mood and Anxiety Disorders in Canada, 2016 is the first publication to include administrative health data from the Canadian Chronic Disease Surveillance System (CCDSS) for the national surveillance of mood and anxiety disorders among Canadians aged one year and older. It features nationally complete CCDSS data up to fiscal year 2009/10, as well as trend data spanning over a decade (1996/97 to 2009/10). The data presented in this report, and subsequent updates, can be accessed via the Public Health Agency of Canada's Chronic Disease Infobase Data Cubes at www...
December 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975075/retrospective-study-investigating-the-seroprevalence-of-anaplasma-phagocytophilum-in-manitoba-canada-2011-2014
#14
Kamran Kadkhoda, Ainsley Gretchen
Human granulocytic anaplasmosis is currently not nationally notifiable in Canada. This for the most part accounts for gross under-estimation of true incidence and prevalence of HGA and would potentially culminate in clinical missed opportunities. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the seroprevalence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in a Canadian jurisdiction with known established black-legged tick populations.
October 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965294/cancer-survival-disparities-between-first-nation-and-non-aboriginal-adults-in-canada-follow-up-of-the-1991-census-mortality-cohort
#15
Diana R Withrow, Jason D Pole, E Diane Nishri, Michael Tjepkema, Loraine D Marrett
BACKGROUND: The burden of cancer among indigenous people in Canada has been understudied due to a lack of ethnic identifiers in cancer registries. We compared cancer survival among First Nations to that among non-Aboriginal adults in Canada in the first national study of its kind to date. METHODS: A population-based cohort of approximately 2 million respondents to the 1991 Canadian Long Form Census was followed for cancer diagnoses and deaths using probabilistic linkage to cancer and death registries until 2009...
December 13, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959890/combined-oral-contraceptive-use-before-the-first-birth-and-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-risk
#16
Linda S Cook, Claire R Pestak, Andy Cy Leung, Helen Steed, Jill Nation, Kenneth Swenerton, Richard Gallagher, Anthony Magliocco, Martin Köbel, Angela Brooks-Wilson, Nhu Le
BACKGROUND: Combined oral contraceptive (COC) use reduces epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) risk. However, little is known about risk with COC use before the first full-term pregnancy (FFTP). METHODS: This Canadian population-based case-control study (2001-2012) included 854 invasive cases/2139 controls aged ⩾40 years who were parous and had information on COC use. We estimated odds ratios (aORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) adjusted for study site, age, parity, breastfeeding, age at FFTP, familial breast/ovarian cancer, tubal ligation, and body mass...
January 17, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943371/a-large-national-study-of-ferritin-testing-in-canadian-blood-donors
#17
Mindy Goldman, Samra Uzicanin, Lori Osmond, Vito Scalia, Sheila F O'Brien
BACKGROUND: We assessed risk groups for iron deficiency and the feasibility and efficacy of ferritin testing in a large blood center. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Donors were informed of possible testing in the predonation pamphlet. Plasma ferritin was measured on retention samples (n = 12,595) from representative clinics. Low-ferritin donors (<25 µg/L) were sent a letter and information sheet and not called for 6 months. Ferritin testing was repeated on 25% of donors; donor return rate and frequency were monitored...
December 9, 2016: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917045/a-biodiversity-hotspot-for-microgastrinae-hymenoptera-braconidae-in-north-america-annotated-species-checklist-for-ottawa-canada
#18
Jose Fernandez-Triana, Caroline Boudreault, Joel Buffam, Ronald Mclean
Microgastrinae wasps (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) from the city of Ottawa and its surroundings (a 50-km radius circle, ~7,800 km(2)) were studied based on 1,928 specimens collected between 1894 and 2010, and housed in the Canadian National Collection of Insects. A total of 158 species from 21 genera were identified, which is by far the highest number of species ever recorded for a locality in North America. An annotated checklist of species is provided. Choeras parasitellae (Bouché, 1834) and Pholetesor nanus (Reinhard, 1880) are recorded for the first time in the Nearctic (previously only known from the Palearctic region), Cotesia depressa (Viereck, 1912) is recorded for the first time in Canada (previously only known from the United States), and Cotesia hemileucae (Riley, 1881) and Protapanteles phlyctaeniae (Muesebeck, 1929) are recorded for the first time in the province of Ontario...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914806/interprovincial-differences-in-canadian-coronary-care-unit-resource-use-and-outcomes
#19
Sean van Diepen, Meng Lin, Justin A Ezekowitz, Finlay A McAlister, Douglas S Lee, Shaun G Goodman, Paul W Armstrong, Padma Kaul
International registries have reported a wide variation in coronary care unit (CCU) admission rates for patients hospitalized with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or heart failure (HF). Little is known about variation in Canadian interprovincial use and outcomes. Canadian Institute of Health Information data were used to identify hospitalized patients admitted to a CCU with a primary diagnosis of ACS or HF between April 1, 2007 and March 31, 2013. We examined interprovincial differences in CCU admission rates, use of CCU restricted therapies in the first 2 days of admission, and the association between CCU admission rate and risk-adjusted in-hospital mortality at the provincial level...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914688/systematic-review-of-rheumatic-disease-epidemiology-in-the-indigenous-populations-of-canada-the-united-states-australia-and-new-zealand
#20
REVIEW
Cairistin McDougall, Kelle Hurd, Cheryl Barnabe
OBJECTIVE: Past publications have highlighted an excess rheumatic disease incidence and prevalence in indigenous populations of Canada (First Nations, Inuit, and Métis), and the United States of America (Alaska Native and American Indian). We have updated these reviews and expanded the scope to include New Zealand (Maori) and Australia (Aborigine) indigenous populations. METHODS: We performed a broad search using medical literature databases, indigenous specific online indexes, and government websites to identify publications reporting the incidence and/or prevalence of arthritis conditions (rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthropathies, gout, osteoarthritis, systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases, and juvenile idiopathic arthritis) in the indigenous populations of Canada, America, New Zealand, and Australia...
November 1, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
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