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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443485/effectiveness-of-the-canrisk-tool-in-the-identification-of-dysglycemia-in-first-nations-and-m%C3%A3-tis-in-canada
#1
Gina Agarwal, Ying Jiang, Susan Rogers Van Katwyk, Chantal Lemieux, Heather Orpana, Yang Mao, Brandan Hanley, Karen Davis, Laurel Leuschen, Howard Morrison
INTRODUCTION: First Nations/Métis populations develop diabetes earlier and at higher rates than other Canadians. The Canadian diabetes risk questionnaire (CANRISK) was developed as a diabetes screening tool for Canadians aged 40 years or over. The primary aim of this paper is to assess the effectiveness of the existing CANRISK tool and risk scores in detecting dysglycemia in First Nations/Métis participants, including among those under the age of 40. A secondary aim was to determine whether alternative waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI) cut-off points improved the predictive ability of logistic regression models using CANRISK variables to predict dysglycemia...
February 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439924/canada-s-evacuation-policy-for-pregnant-first-nations-women-resignation-resilience-and-resistance
#2
Karen M Lawford, Audrey R Giles, Ivy L Bourgeault
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal peoples in Canada are comprised of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit. Health care services for First Nations who live on rural and remote reserves are mostly provided by the Government of Canada through the federal department, Health Canada. One Health Canada policy, the evacuation policy, requires all First Nations women living on rural and remote reserves to leave their communities between 36 and 38 weeks gestational age and travel to urban centres to await labour and birth...
February 10, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439596/do-investments-in-mental-health-systems-result-in-greater-use-of-mental-health-services-national-trends-in-mental-health-service-use-mhsu-in-the-canadian-military-and-comparable-canadian-civilians-2002-2013
#3
Deniz Fikretoglu, Aihua Liu, Mark Allen Zamorski, Corneliu Rusu, Rakesh Jetly
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders constitute a significant public health problem worldwide. Ensuring that those who need mental health services access them in an appropriate and timely manner is thus an important public health priority. We used data from 4 cross-sectional, nationally representative population health surveys that employed nearly identical methods to compare MHSU trends in the Canadian military versus comparable civilians. METHOD: The surveys were all conducted by Statistics Canada, approximately a decade apart (Military-2002, Military-2013, Civilian-2002, and Civilian-2012)...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434415/advancing-pain-education-in-canadian-physiotherapy-programmes-results-of-a-consensus-generating-workshop
#4
Timothy H Wideman, Jordan Miller, Geoff Bostick, Aliki Thomas, André Bussières
Purpose: This article reports on a national stakeholder workshop that focused on advancing pain education in physiotherapy programmes across Canada. Methods: Workshop participants included national leaders from the following stakeholder groups: people living with pain; physiotherapy students and recent graduates; pain educators; physiotherapy programme administrators; and representatives from the Canadian Alliance of Physiotherapy Regulators, Physiotherapy Education Accreditation Canada, Canadian Physiotherapy Association, and Physiotherapy Practice Profile project...
2018: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433587/vitamin-d-status-and-intake-of-lactating-inuit-women-living-in-the-canadian-arctic
#5
Jessy El Hayek Fares, Hope A Weiler
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and correlates of healthy vitamin D status in lactating Inuit women living in remote regions of the Arctic. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Households were selected randomly in thirty-six communities of Nunavut, Nunatsiavut and Inuvialuit Settlement Region. Dietary intake was assessed using a 24 h recall and an FFQ. Anthropometric measurements, household living conditions, supplement use and health status were assessed...
February 13, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423816/anaphylactoid-reactions-to-intravenous-n-acetylcysteine-during-treatment-for-acetaminophen-poisoning
#6
Mark Yarema, Puja Chopra, Marco L A Sivilotti, David Johnson, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Benoit Bailey, Charlemaigne Victorino, Sophie Gosselin, Roy Purssell, Margaret Thompson, Daniel Spyker, Barry Rumack
BACKGROUND: Anaphylactoid reactions to intravenous (IV) N-acetylcysteine (NAC) are well-recognized adverse events during treatment for acetaminophen (APAP) poisoning. Uncertainty exists regarding their incidence, severity, risk factors, and management. We sought to determine the incidence, risk factors, and treatment of anaphylactoid reactions to IV NAC in a large, national cohort of patients admitted to hospital for acetaminophen overdose. METHODS: This retrospective medical record review included all patients initiated on the 21-h IV NAC protocol for acetaminophen poisoning in 34 Canadian hospitals between February 1980 and November 2005...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402108/the-evolution-of-the-kelley-community-capacity-development-model-for-palliative-care
#7
Mary Lou Kelley
This oral presentation will describe the conceptual evolution of the Kelley model for Community Capacity Development [2000-2016]. It will illustrate how and why the model changed to become a powerful Canadian example of a public health approach to developing community based palliative care programs. Based on conducting participatory action research in rural, First Nations communities and long-term care homes, the perspective of "community" gradually expanded beyond health care professionals to include natural helpers, front line care providers, formal and informal community leaders, and social services...
January 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402099/celebrating-indigenous-communities-compassionate-traditions
#8
Holly Prince
Living in a compassionate community is not a new practice in First Nations communities; they have always recognized dying as a social experience. First Nations hold extensive traditional knowledge and have community-based practices to support the personal, familial, and community experiences surrounding end-of-life. However, western health systems were imposed and typically did not support these social and cultural practices at end of life. In fact, the different expectations of western medicine and the community related to end of life care has created stress and misunderstanding for both...
January 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392214/the-opioid-epidemic-and-national-guidelines-for-opioid-therapy-for-chronic-noncancer-pain-a-perspective-from-different-continents
#9
Winfried Häuser, Stephan Schug, Andrea D Furlan
Introduction: A marked rise in opioid prescriptions for patients with chronic noncancer pain (CNCP) with a parallel increase in opioid abuse/misuse, and resulting deaths was noted in the Unites states in the past decade (opioid epidemic). In response, the US Center of Diseases Control (CDC) developed a guideline for prescribing of opioids for patients with CNCP. Objectives: To assess (1) if there is an opioid epidemic in Australia, Canada, and Germany (2) to compare Australian, Canadian, German, and Center of Diseases Control guidelines recommendations for long-term opioid therapy for CNCP...
May 2017: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388515/medicare-and-the-care-of-first-nations-m%C3%A3-tis-and-inuit
#10
Josée G Lavoie
The Canada Health Act 1984 (CHA) is considered foundational to Canada's publicly funded health care system (known as Medicare). The CHA provides for the federal transfer of funding to the provinces/territories, in exchange for provincial/territorial adherence to Medicare's key principles of universality; comprehensiveness; portability; accessibility; and, public administration. Medicare is a decentralized health care system, managed independently by Canada's 10 provincial and three territorial governments, allowing for regional adaptations to fit varying degrees of urbanity, remoteness and needs...
February 1, 2018: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381468/prostate-cancer-screening-among-family-physicians-in-ontario-an-update-on-attitudes-and-current-practice
#11
Jason Paul Akerman, Christopher B Allard, Camilla Tajzler, Anil Kapoor
INTRODUCTION: This study serves as an update of prostate cancer screening practices among family physicians in Ontario, Canada. Since this population was first surveyed in 2010, the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care (CTFPHC) and the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) released recommendations against prostate cancer screening. METHODS: An online survey was developed through input from urologists and family practitioners. It was distributed via email to all members of the Ontario Medical Association's Section on General and Family practice (11 657 family physicians)...
December 1, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362017/expanding-the-breadth-of-medicare-learning-from-australia
#12
Stephen Duckett
The design of Australia's Medicare programme was based on the Canadian scheme, adapted somewhat to take account of differences in the constitutional division of powers in the two countries and differences in history. The key elements are very similar: access to hospital services without charge being the core similarity, universal coverage for necessary medical services, albeit with a variable co-payment in Australia, the other. But there are significant differences between the two countries in health programmes - whether or not they are labelled as 'Medicare'...
January 24, 2018: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361433/effect-of-an-interactive-text-messaging-service-on-patient-retention-during-the-first-year-of-hiv-care-in-kenya-weltel-retain-an-open-label-randomised-parallel-group-study
#13
Mia Liisa van der Kop, Samuel Muhula, Patrick I Nagide, Lehana Thabane, Lawrence Gelmon, Patricia Opondo Awiti, Bonface Abunah, Lennie Bazira Kyomuhangi, Matthew A Budd, Carlo Marra, Anik Patel, Sarah Karanja, David I Ojakaa, Edward J Mills, Anna Mia Ekström, Richard Todd Lester
BACKGROUND: Retention of patients in HIV care is crucial to ensure timely treatment initiation, viral suppression, and to avert AIDS-related deaths. We did a randomised trial to determine whether a text-messaging intervention improved retention during the first year of HIV care. METHODS: This unmasked, randomised parallel-group study was done at two clinics in informal settlements in Nairobi, Kenya. Eligible participants were aged 18 years or older, HIV-positive, had their own mobile phone or access to one, and were able to use simple text messaging (or have somebody who could text message on their behalf)...
January 17, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359993/the-economic-and-environmental-cost-of-delayed-gm-crop-adoption-the-case-of-australia-s-gm-canola-moratorium
#14
Scott Biden, Stuart J Smyth, David Hudson
Incorporating socio-economic considerations (SECs) into national biosafety regulations regarding genetically modified (GM) crops have opportunity costs. Australia approved the cultivation of GM canola through a science-based risk assessment in 2003, but allowed state moratoria to be instituted based on potential trade impacts over the period 2004 to 2008 and 2010 in the main canola growing states. This analysis constructs a counterfactual assessment using Canadian GM canola adoption data to create an S-Curve of adoption in Australia to measure the environmental and economic opportunity costs of Australia's SEC-based moratoria between 2004 and 2014...
January 23, 2018: GM Crops & Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358266/associations-between-sensory-loss-and-social-networks-participation-support-and-loneliness-analysis-of-the-canadian-longitudinal-study-on-aging
#15
Paul Mick, Maksim Parfyonov, Walter Wittich, Natalie Phillips, M Kathleen Pichora-Fuller
OBJECTIVE: To determine if hearing loss, vision loss, and dual sensory loss were associated with social network diversity, social participation, availability of social support, and loneliness, respectively, in a population-based sample of older Canadians and to determine whether age or sex modified the associations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: The sample included 21 241 participants in the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging tracking cohort...
January 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356666/factors-associated-with-shorter-night-time-sleep-in-toddlers-the-survey-of-young-canadians
#16
Christy Costanian, Peri Abdullah, Nita Sawh, Ara Nagapatan, Hala Tamim
OBJECTIVES: Adequate sleep in childhood is important for healthy development. No information exists on the predictors of night-time sleep among toddlers in Canada. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of and to identify factors associated with sleeping <11 consecutive hours per night among children aged 1-2 years in Canada. METHODS: Data from the cross sectional Survey of Young Canadians (SYC) 2010 were used. The biological mother reported on toddlers' sleep duration at night...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349778/intrathecal-baclofen-therapy-in-children-an-analysis-of-individualized-goals
#17
Peck Yee Liew, Kirsty Stewart, Debra Khan, Sarah Jane Arnup, Adam Scheinberg
AIM: To determine whether intrathecal baclofen (ITB) therapy improves performance and performance satisfaction in goal areas identified by patients' parents. METHOD: This study formed part of an ongoing multicentre national audit involving six paediatric ITB pump implant centres across Australia. The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure was the primary outcome measure utilized at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months after pump implants in paediatric patients receiving ITB therapy for the first time between 31st December 2009 and 31st December 2014...
January 19, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344032/neck-circumference-percentiles-of-iranian-children-and-adolescents-the-weight-disorders-survey-of-caspian-iv-study
#18
Mostafa Hosseini, Mohammad Esmail Motlagh, Mahmoud Yousefifard, Mostafa Qorbani, Neamatollah Ataei, Hamid Asayesh, Mehdi Yaseri, Rasool Mohammadi, Masoud Baikpour, Arash Abbasi, Roya Kelishadi
Background: Neck circumference (NC), emerging as a key morphological index for pediatric obesity, is associated with obesity- and overweight-related detrimental conditions in children. In this study, we aimed to provide the age- and sex-specific percentile reference values for neck circumference of the Iranian children and adolescents. Methods: We used the data gathered through the weight disorders survey of CASPIAN IV study conducted in 2011 - 2012 in Iran, including a total of 21954 Iranian children and adolescents, composed of 10750 girls and 11204 boys, aged 7 - 18 years old...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331467/canadian-national-dairy-study-herd-level-milk-quality
#19
C A Bauman, H W Barkema, J Dubuc, G P Keefe, D F Kelton
The objective of this study was to estimate Canadian national milk quality parameters and estimate the bulk tank milk (BTM) prevalence of 4 mastitis pathogens, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Mycoplasma bovis, and Prototheca spp., on Canadian dairy farms. A questionnaire was sent to all Canadian dairy producers. Of the 1,062 producers who completed the questionnaire, 374 producers from across the country were visited and milking hygiene was assessed. Farm-level milk quality data for all Canadian dairy producers was collected from the provincial marketing boards and combined with the questionnaire and farm visit data...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301631/primary-prevention-with-statins-in-the-elderly
#20
REVIEW
Martin Bødtker Mortensen, Erling Falk
The burden of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) in high-income countries is mostly borne by the elderly. With increasing life expectancy, clear guidance on sensible use of statin therapy to prevent a first and potentially devastating ASCVD event is critically important to ensure a healthy aging population. Since 2013, 5 major North American and European guidelines on statin use in primary prevention of ASCVD have been released by the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association, the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, the Canadian Cardiovascular Society, U...
January 2, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
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