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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735469/phylogenetic-relationships-between-dicrocoelium-chinensis-populations-in-japan-and-china-based-on-mitochondrial-nad1-gene-sequences
#1
Kei Hayashi, WenQiang Tang, Yuma Ohari, Maiko Ohtori, Uday Kumar Mohanta, Kayoko Matsuo, Hiroshi Sato, Tadashi Itagaki
We carried out phylogenetic analyses of the relationships between Dicrocoelium chinensis populations in Japan and China using molecular markers. One hundred nine lancet flukes collected from Japan and China were identified as D. chinensis based on their testis orientation and the nucleotide sequences of their ribosomal ITS2. These flukes were analyzed phylogenetically using mitochondrial nad1 gene sequences. An analysis of molecular variance found that the percentage of variation between the countries was extremely high, indicating that the D...
July 22, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735121/survival-patterns-of-5750-srs-treated-brain-metastasis-patients-as-a-function-of-the-number-of-lesions
#2
Mir Amaan Ali, Brian R Hirshman, Bayard Wilson, Kate T Carroll, James A Proudfoot, Steven J Goetsch, John F Alksne, Kenneth Ott, Hitoshi Aiyama, Osamu Nagano, Bob S Carter, Gerald Fogarty, Angela Hong, Toru Serizawa, Masaaki Yamamoto, Clark C Chen
BACKGROUND: The number of brain metastases (BM) plays an important role in the decision between stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT). METHODS: We analyzed the survival of 5750 SRS-treated BM patients as a function of BM number. Survival analyses were performed using Kaplan-Meier analysis as well as univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: BM patients were first categorized as those with 1, 2-4, and 5-10 BM based on the scheme proposed by Yamamoto et al (Lancet Oncology 2014)...
July 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723911/male-reproductive-system-and-spermatogenesis-of-limodromus-assimilis-paykull-1790
#3
Lea F Schubert, Stephanie Krüger, Gerald B Moritz, Veit Schubert
Based on advanced light and electron microscopy, we describe the male reproductive system and sperm development of Limodromus assimilis. The genital tract consists of pairs of uni-follicular testes, spermatic ducts with diverticula regions, seminal vesicles, accessory glands, an unpaired ejaculatory duct and an aedeagus containing an internal sac equipped with sclerotic scales. Based on their morphology, we draw conclusions about their functions. After spermatogenesis within the follicle, the spermatozoa become released from the sperm cysts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721914/who-has-a-dementia-plan-now-we-need-action
#4
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Neurology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721864/curbing-the-rise-in-gonococcal-amr
#5
EDITORIAL
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721863/canada-s-feminist-foreign-aid-agenda
#6
EDITORIAL
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721862/public-genomes-the-future-of-the-nhs
#7
EDITORIAL
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720618/interpretation-of-cis-in-clinical-trials-with-non-significant-results-systematic-review-and-recommendations
#8
Jennifer S Gewandter, Michael P McDermott, Rachel A Kitt, Jenna Chaudari, James G Koch, Scott R Evans, Robert A Gross, John D Markman, Dennis C Turk, Robert H Dworkin
OBJECTIVES: Interpretation of CIs in randomised clinical trials (RCTs) with treatment effects that are not statistically significant can distinguish between results that are 'negative' (the data are not consistent with a clinically meaningful treatment effect) or 'inconclusive' (the data remain consistent with the possibility of a clinically meaningful treatment effect). This interpretation is important to ensure that potentially beneficial treatments are not prematurely abandoned in future research or clinical practice based on invalid conclusions...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718304/the-role-of-surgery-in-low-grade-gliomas-do-timing-and-extent-of-resection-matter
#9
Hugues Duffau
Hugues Duffau is a Professor and Chairman of the Neurosurgery Department in the Montpellier University Medical Center and Head of the INSERM 1051 Team "plasticity of the central nervous system, human stem cells and glial tumors" at the Institute for Neurosciences of Montpellier (France). He is an expert in the awake cognitive neurosurgery of slow-growing brain tumors, such as low-grade gliomas, a routine which he has developed since 20 years. His fundamental approach is centered on the concepts of the brain connectomics and neuroplasticity, breaking with the traditional localizationist view of cerebral processing...
July 18, 2017: CNS Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716339/collaborating-to-ease-africa-s-data-drought
#10
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Global Health
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712856/lung-cancer-moving-in-the-right-direction
#11
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Respiratory Medicine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699594/an-african-driven-health-agenda
#12
EDITORIAL
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 8, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699593/where-next-for-uk-tobacco-control
#13
EDITORIAL
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 8, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699592/addressing-the-vulnerability-of-the-global-food-system
#14
EDITORIAL
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 8, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699579/retraction-and-republication-effectiveness-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-for-the-treatment-of-osteoarthritis-pain-a-network-meta-analysis
#15
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693484/active-children-through-individual-vouchers-evaluation-active-protocol-for-a-mixed-method-randomised-control-trial-to-increase-physical-activity-levels-in-teenagers
#16
Michaela James, Danielle Christian, Samantha Scott, Charlotte Todd, Gareth Stratton, Sarah McCoubrey, Julian Halcox, Suzanne Audrey, Elizabeth Ellins, Sinead Brophy
BACKGROUND: Many teenagers are insufficiently active despite the health benefits of physical activity (PA). There is strong evidence to show that inactivity and low fitness levels increase the risk of non-communicable diseases such as coronary heart disease (CHD), type 2 diabetes and breast and colon cancers (Lee et al. Lancet 380:219-29, 2012). A major barrier facing adolescents is accessibility (e.g. cost and lack of local facilities). The ACTIVE project aims to tackle this barrier through a multi-faceted intervention, giving teenagers vouchers to spend on activities of their choice and empowering young people to improve their fitness and PA levels...
July 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687581/acute-myeloid-leukemia-version-3-2017-nccn-clinical-practice-guidelines-in-oncology
#17
Margaret R O'Donnell, Martin S Tallman, Camille N Abboud, Jessica K Altman, Frederick R Appelbaum, Daniel A Arber, Vijaya Bhatt, Dale Bixby, William Blum, Steven E Coutre, Marcos De Lima, Amir T Fathi, Melanie Fiorella, James M Foran, Steven D Gore, Aric C Hall, Patricia Kropf, Jeffrey Lancet, Lori J Maness, Guido Marcucci, Michael G Martin, Joseph O Moore, Rebecca Olin, Deniz Peker, Daniel A Pollyea, Keith Pratz, Farhad Ravandi, Paul J Shami, Richard M Stone, Stephen A Strickland, Eunice S Wang, Matthew Wieduwilt, Kristina Gregory, Ndiya Ogba
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most common form of acute leukemia among adults and accounts for the largest number of annual deaths due to leukemias in the United States. This portion of the NCCN Guidelines for AML focuses on management and provides recommendations on the workup, diagnostic evaluation, and treatment options for younger (age <60 years) and older (age ≥60 years) adult patients.
July 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687222/tp53-and-idh2-somatic-mutations-are-associated-with-inferior-overall-survival-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-for-myelodysplastic-syndrome
#18
Mohamed A Kharfan-Dabaja, Rami S Komrokji, Qing Zhang, Ambuj Kumar, Athanasios Tsalatsanis, Janelle Perkins, Taiga Nishihori, Teresa Field, Najla Al Ali, Asmita Mishra, David Sallman, Karma Z Salem, Ling Zhang, Lynn Moscinski, Hugo F Fernandez, Jeffrey Lancet, Alan List, Claudio Anasetti, Eric Padron
BACKGROUND: Next-generation sequencing has identified somatic mutations that are prognostic of cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated the incidence and prognostic significance of somatic mutations in 89 myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients who received an allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. Next-generation sequencing was performed on paraffin embedded bone marrow, which was obtained at a median of 31 days before initiating the preparative regimen...
June 16, 2017: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677559/making-precision-oncology-the-standard-of-care
#19
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Oncology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677550/snake-bite-envenoming-a-priority-neglected-tropical-disease
#20
EDITORIAL
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Lancet
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