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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157278/ticks-and-the-city-are-there-any-differences-between-city-parks-and-natural-forests-in-terms-of-tick-abundance-and-prevalence-of-spirochaetes
#1
Maciej Kowalec, Tomasz Szewczyk, Renata Welc-Falęciak, Edward Siński, Grzegorz Karbowiak, Anna Bajer
BACKGROUND: Ixodes ricinus ticks are commonly encountered in either natural or urban areas, contributing to Lyme disease agents Borreliella [(Borrelia burgdorferi (sensu lato)] spp. and Borrelia miyamotoi enzootic cycles in cities. It is an actual problem whether urbanization affects pathogen circulation and therefore risk of infection. The aim of the study was to evaluate main tick-borne disease risk factors in natural, endemic areas of north-east (NE) Poland (Białowieża) and urban areas of central Poland (Warsaw), measuring tick abundance/density, prevalence of infection with spirochaetes and diversity of these pathogens in spring-early summer and late summer-autumn periods between 2012 and 2015...
November 21, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148546/-chronic-kidney-disease-the-relevant-information-for-an-occupational-physician
#2
REVIEW
Marcin Renke, Jacek Parszuto, Marcin Rybacki, Wojciech Wołyniec, Przemysław Rutkowski, Bolesław Rutkowski, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa, Alicja Dębska-Ślizień
For a number of years chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been listed in the group of lifestyle diseases, such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and hypertension. It is estimated that in Poland more than 4 million people may suffer from various stages of CKD. Chronic kidney disease may also be a consequence of all the other civilization diseases. At the same time it is worth noting that nephrological problems are increasingly being taken into account in modern medical certification. The aim of this work is, among other things, to improve safe access to the labor for patients with kidney diseases...
November 8, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132394/comparative-epidemiology-of-porcine-circovirus-type-3-in-pigs-with-different-clinical-presentations
#3
Shao-Lun Zhai, Xia Zhou, He Zhang, Ben M Hause, Tao Lin, Runxia Liu, Qin-Ling Chen, Wen-Kang Wei, Dian-Hong Lv, Xiao-Hui Wen, Feng Li, Dan Wang
BACKGROUND: Porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3), as an emerging circovirus species, was reported to be widely circulating in the United States, China, South Korea and Poland. Previous studies revealed that PCV3 was mainly concentrated in sick animals with respiratory disease, skin disease, reproductive disorders and so on. However, the circulating status of PCV3 in pigs with other clinical presentations (especilly asymptomatic or diarrhea) was not well established. FINDINGS: In this study, to conduct a comparative epidemiological survey of PCV3, 80 weaned pig serum samples with severe respiratory disease (SRD), 175 weaned pig serum samples with mild respiratory disease (MRD), 216 asymptomatic weaned pig serum samples, 35 diarrheal weaned pig samples and 35 non-diarrheal weaned pig samples were collected from eight provinces of China...
November 13, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131289/negative-predictors-of-treatment-success-in-outpatient-therapy-of-arterial-hypertension-in-poland-results-of-the-control-nt-observational-registry
#4
Krzysztof J Filipiak, Mariusz Tomaniak, Anna E Płatek, Filip M Szymański, Andrzej Tykarski
BACKGROUND: Identification of factors interfering with adequate control of arterial hypertension in the course of antihypertensive therapy is necessary to plan the strategy or reducing the incidence of cardiovascular disorders and optimize clinical practice guidelines. There have only been limited reliable studies describing the current status of hypertension treatment. AIM: The study objective was to conduct a screening assessment of the rate of uncontrolled hypertension among hypertensive patients coming to a routine follow-up visit, and to characterize patients with inadequate control of arterial hypertension in the aspect of their cardiovascular risk profile and therapeutic strategies used...
November 13, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124282/development-of-a-complete-set-of-wheat-barley-group-7-robertsonian-translocation-chromosomes-conferring-an-increased-content-of-%C3%AE-glucan
#5
Tatiana V Danilova, Bernd Friebe, Bikram S Gill, Jesse Poland, Eric Jackson
A complete set of six compensating Robertsonian translocation chromosomes involving barley chromosome 7H and three chromosomes of hexaploid wheat was produced. Grain β-glucan content increased in lines containing 7HL. Many valuable genes for agronomic performance, disease resistance and increased yield have been transferred from relative species to wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) through whole-arm Robertsonian translocations (RobT). Although of a great value, the sets of available translocations from barley (Hordeum vulgare L...
November 10, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121039/the-prevalence-and-determinants-of-multimorbidity-in-hospitalized-patients-with-heart-failure
#6
Olga Siga, Barbara Wizner, Karolina Piotrowicz, Małgorzata Fedyk-Łukasik, Tomasz Grodzicki
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of multimorbidity and co-existed diseases in hospitalized patients with heart failure (HF) in relation to age and gender. METHODS: The nationwide cross-sectional survey had been conducted in Poland (April-November 2013), in 260 randomly selected hospital wards. A trained nurse contacted with one physician, drawn from the list of all doctors working in the selected hospital's wards, who completed the study questionnaires regarding to clinical characteristics of the last five HF patients, who were discharged from an internal or cardiology ward...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119308/cryptic-species-anopheles-daciae-diptera-culicidae-found-in-the-czech-republic-and-slovakia
#7
Hana Blažejová, Oldřich Šebesta, František Rettich, Jan Mendel, Viktória Čabanová, Martina Miterpáková, Lenka Betášová, Juraj Peško, Zdeněk Hubálek, Helge Kampen, Ivo Rudolf
We report the distribution of mosquitoes of the maculipennis complex in two distinct areas of the Czech Republic (Bohemia and South Moravia) and in one locality of neighbouring Slovakia with emphasis on the detection of the newly described cryptic species Anopheles daciae (Linton, Nicolescu & Harbach, 2004). A total of 691 mosquitoes were analysed using a species-specific multiplex PCR assay to differentiate between the members of the maculipennis complex. In the Czech Republic, we found Anopheles maculipennis (with a prevalence rate of 1...
November 8, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117145/burden-of-mortality-and-disease-attributable-to-multiple-air-pollutants-in-warsaw-poland
#8
Piotr Holnicki, Marko Tainio, Andrzej Kałuszko, Zbigniew Nahorski
Air pollution is a significant public health issue all over the world, especially in urban areas where a large number of inhabitants are affected. In this study, we quantify the health burden due to local air pollution for Warsaw, Poland. The health impact of the main air pollutants, PM, NOX, SO₂, CO, C₆H₆, BaP and heavy metals is considered. The annual mean concentrations are predicted with the CALPUFF air quality modeling system using the year 2012 emission and meteorological data. The emission field comprises point, mobile and area sources...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117102/mechanisms-of-entry-and-endosomal-pathway-of-african-swine-fever-virus
#9
REVIEW
Elena G. Sánchez, Daniel Pérez-Núñez, Yolanda Revilla
African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV) causes a serious swine disease that is endemic in Africa and Sardinia and presently spreading in Russia and neighboring countries, including Poland and recently, the Czech Republic. This uncontrolled dissemination is a world-wide threat, as no specific protection or vaccine is available. ASFV is a very complex icosahedral, enveloped virus about 200 nm in diameter, which infects several members of pigs. The virus enters host cells by receptor-mediated endocytosis that depends on energy, vacuolar pH and temperature...
November 8, 2017: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116045/contemporary-noise-induced-hearing-loss-nihl-prevention
#10
Wiesław Sułkowski, Kalina Owczarek, Jurek Olszewski
Hearing impairment caused by noise, traditionally called - depending on the duration of exposure - acute or chronic acoustic trauma, includes, in addition to presbyacusis, the most common adult population of hearing impaired. In Poland - according to the report of the Central Statistical Office (GUS, 2011), the number of workers employed in NDN exceeded the noise level (85 dB) is about 200 thousand, the highest in the mining, metal and metal products production, textiles and wood production. According to the Regulation of the Council of Ministers of on June 30, 2009, on the list of occupational diseases (Journal of Laws No...
August 31, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115950/the-prevalence-of-ocular-diseases-in-polish-arabian-horses
#11
Katarzyna Paschalis-Trela, Anna Cywińska, Jan Trela, Michał Czopowicz, Jerzy Kita, Lucjan Witkowski
BACKGROUND: Equine ocular diseases pose a medical challenge due to long-lasting and cost-consuming therapies as well as economic issues associated with potential decrease in value of affected horses. The scale of the problem is significant but difficult to precisely define because epidemiological data is limited and lacks consistency in presentation. To date, no retrospective studies specifically investigating Arabian horses have been published. RESULTS: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the prevalence of ocular lesions and define the ocular diseases present in Arabian horses from breeding farms in Poland...
November 7, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112944/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-affects-the-angiographic-presentation-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-treated-with-percutaneous-coronary-interventions
#12
Rafał Januszek, Zbigniew Siudak, Artur Dziewierz, Tomasz Rakowski, Dariusz Dudek, Stanisław Bartuś
INTRODUCTION    The incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in patients treated with percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) is underestimated, and the effect of COPD on PCI and atherosclerosis is not fully understood.  OBJECTIVES    The aim of this study was to assess the impact of COPD on periprocedural outcomes of PCIs and its relationship with clinical presentation and type of coronary artery lesions.  PATIENTS AND METHODS    Data were prospectively collected using the National PCI Registry (ORPKI) electronic database of all PCI procedures performed in Poland...
November 7, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112861/long-fiber-carbon-nanotubes-replicate-asbestos-induced-mesothelioma-with-disruption-of-the-tumor-suppressor-gene-cdkn2a-ink4a-arf
#13
Tatyana Chernova, Fiona A Murphy, Sara Galavotti, Xiao-Ming Sun, Ian R Powley, Stefano Grosso, Anja Schinwald, Joaquin Zacarias-Cabeza, Kate M Dudek, David Dinsdale, John Le Quesne, Jonathan Bennett, Apostolos Nakas, Peter Greaves, Craig A Poland, Ken Donaldson, Martin Bushell, Anne E Willis, Marion MacFarlane
Mesothelioma is a fatal tumor of the pleura and is strongly associated with asbestos exposure. The molecular mechanisms underlying the long latency period of mesothelioma and driving carcinogenesis are unknown. Moreover, late diagnosis means that mesothelioma research is commonly focused on end-stage disease. Although disruption of the CDKN2A (INK4A/ARF) locus has been reported in end-stage disease, information is lacking on the status of this key tumor suppressor gene in pleural lesions preceding mesothelioma...
November 6, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102127/transmission-of-african-swine-fever-virus-from-infected-pigs-by-direct-contact-and-aerosol-routes
#14
Ann Sofie Olesen, Louise Lohse, Anette Boklund, Tariq Halasa, Carmina Gallardo, Zygmunt Pejsak, Graham J Belsham, Thomas Bruun Rasmussen, Anette Bøtner
In 2014, African swine fever virus (ASFV) was introduced into the Baltic states and Poland. Since then, the disease has continued to spread within these regions, and recently, cases were reported in the Czech Republic and Romania. Currently, there is an increasing risk of ASFV introduction into Western Europe. Hence, there is an urgent need to assess current contingency plans. For this purpose, knowledge of modes-of-transmission and clinical outcome in pigs infected with new European ASFV strains is needed...
November 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093580/mental-condition-and-specificity-of-mental-disorders-in-a-group-of-workers-from-southern-poland-a-research-report
#15
Bernadetta Izydorczyk
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work is to provide empirical evidence regarding types and increasing prevalence of mental disorders affecting Polish working population in the years 2014-2016. The research questions concerned the specific characteristics of the types of mental disorders and their prevalence as well as the differences between males and females. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Types of mental disorders were investigated using a clinical method, a structured interview, as well as medical record data gathered in the years 2014-2016 in one mental health treatment center...
October 30, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083017/pulmonary-prevention-program-in-the-proszowice-county-description-and-results
#16
Wojciech Skucha, Filip Mejza, Pawel Nastalek, Zbigniew Doniec
INTRODUCTION: In the Proszowice county, both lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are more common in comparison with other regions of Poland. The purpose of this study was to provide a report on a prevention program carried out in the area to reduce the burden of COPD and lung cancer in the region. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The program consisted of the following: active prevention - questionnaire survey offered to every county inhabitant aged at least 40 and chest X-ray and spirometry performed in selected subjects; and passive prevention - covering multiple educational activities promoting healthy lifestyle...
October 30, 2017: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081386/molecular-approaches-to-diagnose-diamond-blackfan-anemia-the-eurodba-experience
#17
REVIEW
Lydie Da Costa, Marie-Françoise O'Donohue, Birgit van Dooijeweert, Katarzyna Albrecht, Sule Unal, Ugo Ramenghi, Thierry Leblanc, Irma Dianzani, Hannah Tamary, Marije Bartels, Pierre-Emmanuel Gleizes, Marcin Wlodarski, Alyson W MacInnes
Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a rare congenital erythroblastopenia and inherited bone marrow failure syndrome that affects approximately seven individuals in every million live births. In addition to anemia, about 50% of all DBA patients suffer from various physical malformations of the face, hands, heart, or urogenital region. The disorder is almost exclusively driven by haploinsufficient mutations in one of several ribosomal protein (RP) genes, although for ∼30% of diagnosed patients no mutation is found in any of the known DBA-linked genes...
October 26, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081238/regarding-diabetes-mellitus-increases-the-risk-of-ruptured-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#18
Juliette Raffort, Fabien Lareyre
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a life-threatening disease, associated with high rates of mortality in case of aortic rupture. While the disease is often associated with atherosclerosis and cardiovascular risk factors, the majority of epidemiological studies published so far have highlighted a negative association between diabetes and AAA. However, a recent publication from epidemiological data of the National Health Fund in Poland reported a higher incidence of AAA and rupture in diabetic patients compared to non-diabetics...
October 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068589/chosen-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-snps-of-enamel-formation-genes-and-dental-caries-in-a-population-of-polish-children
#19
Karolina Gerreth, Katarzyna Zaorska, Maciej Zabel, Maria Borysewicz-Lewicka, Michał Nowicki
BACKGROUND: It is increasingly emphasized that the influence of a host's factors in the etiology of dental caries are of most interest, particularly those concerned with genetic aspect. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to analyze the genotype and allele frequencies of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in AMELX, AMBN, TUFT1, TFIP11, MMP20 and KLK4 genes and to prove their association with dental caries occurrence in a population of Polish children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was performed in 96 children (48 individuals with caries - "cases" and 48 free of this disease - "controls"), aged 20-42 months, chosen out of 262 individuals who had dental examination performed and attended 4 day nurseries located in Poznań (Poland)...
September 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068582/prevalence-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-among-pharmacy-students-from-wroclaw-medical-university-poland
#20
Rafał Ilow, Dorota Różańska, Bożena Regulska-Ilow
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic processes begin in childhood and their development worsens during adolescence. Early prevention of CVD risk factors may have an important impact on the future health of young people. It can be also helpful in reducing the costs of treating CVD later in life. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of selected cardiovascular disease risk factors among pharmacy students. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 1,168 pharmacy students (892 women and 276 men) from Wroclaw Medical University...
August 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
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