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poland disease

Zbyszko Chowaniec, Anna Skoczyńska
Cardiovascular diseases are still the main cause of death in Poland and throughout the world. Independent risk factors of cardiovascular disease, in addition to elevated LDL cholesterol, are both low HDL levels and high levels of non-HDL cholesterol. Plasma phospholipid-transfer protein (PLTP) and cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) both play a major role in the metabolism of those lipoproteins. A lack of these proteins increases HDL and lowers LDL levels. In the light of current knowledge, it seems reasonable to search for compounds that may decrease the activity of CETP, and thus reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease...
March 16, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Yolanda Revilla, Daniel Pérez-Núñez, Juergen A Richt
African swine fever (ASF) is an acute and often fatal disease affecting domestic pigs and wild boar, with severe economic consequences for affected countries. ASF is endemic in sub-Saharan Africa and the island of Sardinia, Italy. Since 2007, the virus emerged in the republic of Georgia, and since then spread throughout the Caucasus region and Russia. Outbreaks have also been reported in Belarus, Ukraine, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Romania, Moldova, Czech Republic, and Poland, threatening neighboring West European countries...
2018: Advances in Virus Research
Martina Eva Leczycka, Wioletta Baranska-Rybak, Juliana Orrego Castellanos, Roman Nowicki
Statistical data on the frequency of skin conditions in the Pomeranian region of Poland are limited in the field of pediatric dermatology, requiring a multidisciplinary approach to each patient. Dermatitis and skin allergies are the 10 most common pediatric conditions, with a prevalence of 20% among such chronic illnesses in developed countries. This analysis is limited to the recurrence of dermatologic diseases in the hospitalized pediatric population within the Pomeranian region for the purpose of future targeted education...
2018: Skinmed
Małgorzata Konieczyńska, Ewa Sobieraj, Agata Hanna Bryk, Maciej Dębski, Maciej Polak, Piotr Podolec, Barbara Małecka, Andrzej Pająk, Lien Desteghe, Hein Heidbuchel, Anetta Undas
BACKGROUND: Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are increasingly used for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) worldwide. Few articles have compared current understanding of AF patients about the disease and anticoagulant therapy in relation to the medications used. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the knowledge of AF and anticoagulation between AF patients treated with NOACs and those on vitamin K antagonists (VKA)...
March 12, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
Edyta Krzych-Fałta, Konrad Furmańczyk, Aneta Tomaszewska, Dominik Olejniczak, Bolesław Samoliński, Urszula Samolińska-Zawisza
BACKGROUND: The hygiene hypothesis proposed by Strachan in the 1980s clearly emphasized the role of microorganisms in atopy prevention. OBJECTIVES: The study objective was to assess the preventive role of probiotics in patients with allergic rhinitis, bronchial asthma, atopic dermatitis, and/or food allergy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The methods used in the study were the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaires for 6-7- and 13-14-year-olds and the European Community Respiratory Health Survey II (ECRHS II) questionnaire targeted for the 20-44 age group...
January 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Pamela Minicozzi, Paul M Walsh, Maria-José Sánchez, Annalisa Trama, Kaire Innos, Rafael Marcos-Gragera, Nadya Dimitrova, Laura Botta, Tom B Johannesen, Silvia Rossi, Milena Sant
BACKGROUND: Cancer survival has persistently been shown to be worse for Eastern European and UK/Ireland patients than those of other European regions. This is often attributed to later stage at diagnosis. However, few stage-specific survival comparisons are available, so it is unclear whether poorer quality treatment or other factors also contribute. For the first time, European cancer registries have provided stage-at-diagnosis data to EUROCARE, enabling population-based stage-specific survival estimates across Europe...
March 5, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
Carolina Pérez-Ferrer, Abbygail Jaccard, Andre Knuchel-Takano, Lise Retat, Martin Brown, Vilma Kriaucioniene, Laura Webber
AIMS: The aim of this study was to project educational inequalities in obesity and smoking prevalence to 2050 based on past obesity and smoking trends by education level. METHODS: Data on obesity (body mass index ≥ 30) and smoking prevalence (current smokers) by education level (tertiary education and less than tertiary) from nationally representative cross-sectional surveys were collected for the following six countries participating in the Economics of Chronic Diseases project (EConDA): England, Finland, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Poland (obesity only) and Portugal (obesity only)...
March 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Damian Swieczkowski, Piotr Merks, Milosz Jaguszewski, Danuta Siluk
Pharmacy students should have a sufficient level of knowledge, skills, and attitude to practice pharmaceutical care effectively in the routine practice in the community pharmacy. Moreover, the strong cooperation between pharmacists and physicians is strongly needed in the process of providing pharmaceutical care. The aim of the study was to investigate the opinions of students of the Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy from Medical University of Gdansk on pharmaceutical care and cognitive services and aspects of interprofessional collaboration between physicians and pharmacists under the conditions of Polish healthcare system...
May 2017: Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica
Katarzyna Szpilewska, Jan Juzwiszyn, Zofia Bolanowska, Zofia Bolanowska, Magdalena Milan, Mariusz Chabowski, Dariusz Janczak
INTRODUCTION: The main reason of the emergence of enteric stoma is colorectal cancer. Enteric stoma is a serious health, as well as life problem. In Poland, there are about 6,000 stoma surgeries yearly. It changes the functioning of patients, restricts their daily activity and influences their quality of life significantly. Therefore, in the modern treatment process, all spheres of human life and its surroundings are considered. The evaluation of the quality of life and the level of acceptance of the disease enables us to identify the regions in which patients require attention and help, as well as places to which health promotion among patients with a stoma should be directed...
February 28, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
Zbigniew Banaszkiewicz, Tomasz Zwoliński, Krzysztof Tojek, Paweł Jarmocik, Arkadiusz Jawień
Colorectal cancer (CC) in Poland is the type of cancer with the highest dynamics of disease growth and is epidemiologically related to age. The analysis involved 353 patients operated on due to CC in senile and old age and compared with younger patients. It was found that people at this age are more often diagnosed with CC They were more often women, the patients did not differ in the stage of cancer, while they were significantly more often qualified for surgery due to urgent indications. In patients with colonic cancer, the resectability and radicality of the procedures in comparison with patients with rectal cancer was significantly higher, while there were more complications and deaths in the 30-day follow-up in this group...
February 28, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
Agnieszka Ćwirlej-Sozańska, Anna Wilmowska-Pietruszyńska, Bernard Sozański, Agnieszka Wiśniowska-Szurlej
BACKGROUND The proportion of elderly people living in Poland has risen in recent years. With rising life expectancy, there is likely to be a concurrent increase in the incidence of chronic diseases and disabilities. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the prevalence of chronic diseases and disability of the elderly in order to help guide strategies of prevention and public health control. MATERIAL AND METHODS This was a cross-sectional study of 1,000 randomly-selected residents living in the Podkarpackie region of Poland...
March 7, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Mariola Janiszewska, Teresa Kulik, Dorota Żołnierczuk-Kieliszek, Barłomiej Drop, Ewelina Firlej, Ilona Gajewska
Introduction: Contemporary people do not follow the civilisation development in every life domain, their lifestyle is not always healthy. Self-efficacy is the factor that plays an important role in undertaking actions towards struggling with the disease. The aim of the study: The aim of the study was to determine the relationship between the general self-efficacy level and health behaviours as well as chosen sociodemographic features in women over the age of 45 years who have undergone osteoporosis treatment...
September 2017: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
Isabella Rogon, Zbigniew Kasprzak, Łucja Szcześniak
Objectives: Type 2 diabetes exerts a significant impact on the patient's quality of life. Its chronic nature, incurability and complications weaken the motivation of patients to fight the disease and its acceptance. The aim of research was to determine whether and to what extent diabetes modulates the quality of life of patients and in particular which domain of the patient's life is most limited. In addition, we looked at whether the quality of life perceived by patients is determined by gender and whether and to what extent they accept their illness...
September 2017: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
Agnieszka Szypowska, Anna Ramotowska, Marta Wysocka-Mincewicz, Artur Mazur, Lucyna Lisowicz, Iwona Beń-Skowronek, Joanna Sieniawska, Bożenna Klonowska, Dorota Charemska, Jolanta Nawrotek, Irena Jałowiec, Artur Bossowski, Milena Jamiołkowska, Beata Pyrżak, Grażyna Miszkurka, Mieczysław Szalecki
AIM: The seasonal variation of incidence of type 1 diabetes (T1D) theory supports the hypothesis that environmental factors play a role in the onset of the disease. The aim of this study is to assess seasonality of month of diagnosis in children with T1D in Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: the study group consisted of 2174 children from eastern and central Poland diagnosed with T1D between 2010 and 2014. Analysis was performed in different age groups, based on place of residence (rural/urban area) and depending on sex...
March 5, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
Tomasz Stenzel, Daria Dziewulska, Brejnev M Muhire, Penelope Hartnady, Simona Kraberger, Darren P Martin, Arvind Varsani
Circoviruses are circular single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) viruses that infect a variety of animals, both domestic and wild. Circovirus infection in birds is associated with immunosuppression and this in turn predisposes the infected animals to secondary infections that can lead to mortality. Farmed geese ( Anser anser ) in many parts of the world are infected with circoviruses. The majority of the current genomic information for goose circoviruses (GoCVs) ( n = 40) are from birds sampled in China and Taiwan, and only two genome sequences are available from Europe (Germany and Poland)...
March 2, 2018: Viruses
Mateusz M Wilczek, Robert Olszewski, Andrzej Krupienicz
Hydrogenated oils containing trans fatty acids (TFA) are used to produce margarine and various processed foods. TFA affect serum lipid levels, fatty acids metabolism, and endothelial function. High TFA intake is linked to increased all-cause mortality, coronary heart disease mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence. Denmark was first to introduce law that limited TFA content in food; this action led to lower CVD mortality. Seven European countries have followed this practice until now, in a few others the food industry voluntarily reduced TFA use...
February 23, 2018: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Matylda Sierakowska, Stanisław Sierakowski, Justyna Sierakowska, Elżbieta Krajewska-Kułak, Mwidimi Ndosi
In the process of the planned and systematic education of patients/families, it is extremely important to identify patients' health problems as well as their needs and expectations. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between functional disability, health problems and perceived educational needs in people with systemic sclerosis (SSc). This was a cross-sectional analytic study conducted in six rheumatology centers in Poland. Functional disability was measured using HAQ-DI, and the magnitude of other health problems (pain, fatigue, intestinal problems, breathing problems, Raynaud's phenomenon, finger ulcerations) was measured using 0-100 mm visual analogue scales...
March 1, 2018: Rheumatology International
Witold Rzyman, Joanna Didkowska, Robert Dziedzic, Tomasz Grodzki, Tadeusz Orłowski, Edyta Szurowska, Renata Langfort, Wojciech Biernat, Dariusz Kowalski, Wojciech Dyszkiewicz, Tadeusz Jędrzejczyk, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Sergiusz Nawrocki, Ewa Jassem, Mariusz Adamek
INTRODUCTION: Lung cancer is the most common cancer in Poland and worldwide, and the leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Compared to the present day, the annual number of new cases of lung cancer will have increased by approximately 50%, by 2030. The overall ratio of mortality to incidence totals 0.87 and is among the highest. The five-year survival rate in Poland has recently achieved 13.4%. In 2015, lung cancer screening using low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) was introduced to routine clinical practice in the United States following the publication of the largest randomised study, The National Lung Screening Trial...
2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
Ana Carolina Cuéllar, Lene Jung Kjær, Carsten Kirkeby, Henrik Skovgard, Søren Achim Nielsen, Anders Stockmarr, Gunnar Andersson, Anders Lindstrom, Jan Chirico, Renke Lühken, Sonja Steinke, Ellen Kiel, Jörn Gethmann, Franz J Conraths, Magdalena Larska, Inger Hamnes, Ståle Sviland, Petter Hopp, Katharina Brugger, Franz Rubel, Thomas Balenghien, Claire Garros, Ignace Rakotoarivony, Xavier Allène, Jonathan Lhoir, David Chavernac, Jean-Claude Delécolle, Bruno Mathieu, Delphine Delécolle, Marie-Laure Setier-Rio, Roger Venail, Bethsabée Scheid, Miguel Ángel Miranda Chueca, Carlos Barceló, Javier Lucientes, Rosa Estrada, Alexander Mathis, Wesley Tack, Rene Bødker
BACKGROUND: Biting midges of the genus Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are vectors of bluetongue virus (BTV), African horse sickness virus and Schmallenberg virus (SBV). Outbreaks of both BTV and SBV have affected large parts of Europe. The spread of these diseases depends largely on vector distribution and abundance. The aim of this analysis was to identify and quantify major spatial patterns and temporal trends in the distribution and seasonal variation of observed Culicoides abundance in nine countries in Europe...
February 27, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Susan M O'Brien, Samantha Jaglowski, John C Byrd, Rajat Bannerji, Kristie A Blum, Christopher P Fox, Richard R Furman, Peter Hillmen, Thomas J Kipps, Marco Montillo, Jeff Sharman, Sam Suzuki, Danelle F James, Alvina D Chu, Steven E Coutre
Importance: Ibrutinib, a first-in-class Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitor taken once daily, is approved in the United States for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma and allows for treatment without chemotherapy. Extended treatment with ibrutinib has demonstrated increased complete response (CR) rates over time. Objective: To analyze baseline factors that predict CR in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma treated with ibrutinib...
February 22, 2018: JAMA Oncology
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