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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602557/recurrent-failings-of-medical-humanitarianism-intractable-ignored-or-just-exaggerated
#1
REVIEW
Sandro Colombo, Enrico Pavignani
Humanitarian health workers operate in dangerous and uncertain contexts, in which mistakes and failures are common, often have severe consequences, and are regularly repeated, despite being documented by many reviews. This Series paper aims to discuss the failures of medical humanitarianism. We describe why some of these recurrent failings, which are often not identified until much later, seem intractable: they are so entrenched in humanitarian action that they cannot be addressed by simple technical fixes...
June 7, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412903/phage-life-cycles-behind-bacterial-biodiversity
#2
Tomasz Olszak, Agnieszka Latka, Bartosz Roszniowski, Miguel Angel Valvano, Zuzanna Drulis-Kawa
Bacteriophages (phages or bacterial viruses) are the most abundant biological entities in our planet; their influence reaches far beyond the microorganisms they parasitize. Phages are present in every environment and shape up every bacterial population in both active and passive ways. They participate in the circulation of organic matter and drive the evolution of microorganisms by horizontal gene transfer at unprecedented scales. The mass flow of genetic information in the microbial world influences the biosphere and poses challenges for science and medicine...
April 13, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382829/a-greek-physician-s-portrait-in-windsor-castle
#3
Christos S Bartsocas
To the visitor to Windsor Castle, the Thomas Lawrence portraits in the Waterloo Chamber represent the most important contributors to the military defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte, by British, Prussian, Russian and Austrian forces at the Battle of Waterloo. Nevertheless, only few individuals realise that a Greek physician, Count Ioannis Capodistrias, a native of the island of Corfu, stands among these leading personalities as a diplomat, the Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs, who contributed remarkably to European unity in the early nineteenth century and as a statesman ('Governor' of Greece) with a tragic end to his life, after establishing a Greek State practically from ruins...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369183/smelling-is-telling-human-olfactory-cues-influence-social-judgments-in-semi-realistic-interactions
#4
Jessica M Gaby, Vivian Zayas
How does a person's smell affect others' impressions of them? Most body odor research asks perceivers to make social judgments based on armpit sweat without perfume or deodorant, presented on t-shirts. Yet, in real life, perceivers encounter fragranced body odor, on whole bodies. Our "raters" wore blindfolds and earplugs and repeatedly smelled same-sex "donors" in live interactions. In one condition, donors wore their normal deodorant and perfume ("diplomatic" odor) while in the other condition, donors were asked to avoid all outside fragrance influences ("natural" odor)...
June 1, 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318596/determining-nuclear-fingerprints-glove-boxes-radiation-protection-and-the-international-atomic-energy-agency
#5
Maria Rentetzi
In a nuclear laboratory, a glove box is a windowed, sealed container equipped with two flexible gloves that allow the user to manipulate nuclear materials from the outside in an ostensibly safe environment. As a routine laboratory device, it invites neglect from historians and storytellers of science. Yet, since especially the Gulf War, glove boxes have put the interdependence of science, diplomacy, and politics into clear relief. Standing at the intersection of history of science and international history, technological materials and devices such as the glove box can provide penetrating insight into the role of international diplomatic organizations to the global circulation and control of scientific knowledge...
March 15, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300124/how-dare-you-call-us-diplomats
#6
Amaya Moro-Martín
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168869/blood-transfusion-in-the-caribbean-a-case-study-of-trinidad-and-tobago
#7
REVIEW
K S Charles
The Caribbean islands form an archipelago connecting North and South America. They have all been colonised by European countries and share strong historical, social, economic and diplomatic links with North America. However, their blood transfusion services have evolved differently, using predominantly family/replacement rather than voluntary non-remunerated donors as has been the practice in England and America since 1926 and 1970, respectively. This article uses the case of Trinidad and Tobago to examine the history and current state of blood transfusion services in the Caribbean and to present early results of an initiative for improving blood safety and adequacy in the region...
February 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160764/vaccination-attitudes-and-practices-of-integrative-medicine-physicians
#8
Laura Jean Buehning, Kenneth Michael Peddecord
Context • The growth of Internet-based information and social networking has increased the accessibility and importance of antivaccine information. That information has led to a questioning of vaccination schedules and policies by many individuals. Although the attitudes of complementary and alternative practitioners, such as homeopaths and chiropractic students, toward vaccination have been assessed, despite the growth of integrative medicine, no assessment of the attitudes and practices regarding vaccination of these physicians has been performed...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078803/why-do-they-care-narratives-of-physician-volunteers-on-motivations-for-participation-in-short-term-medical-missions-abroad
#9
Paul H Caldron, Ann Impens, Milena Pavlova, Wim Groot
BACKGROUND: Short-term medical missions (STMMs) refer to the provision of direct pro bono medical services in lower and middle income countries for periods ranging from days to a few weeks by physicians from rich countries. Survey data have provided limited information on demographic and professional profiles of physicians as well as monetary and manpower inputs. Understanding why physicians participate, however, remains incomplete. The study's objective was to elicit physicians' motivations directly...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032525/the-breakdown-of-galileo-s-roman-network-crisis-and-community-ca-1633
#10
Paula Findlen, Hannah Marcus
Rome has long been central to the story of Galileo's life and scientific work. Through an analysis of the metadata of Galileo's surviving letters, combined with a close reading of the letters themselves, we discuss how Galileo used correspondence to build a Roman network. Galileo initially assembled this network around the members of the Lincean Academy, a few carefully nurtured relationships with important ecclesiastics, and the expertise of well positioned Tuscan diplomats in the Eternal City. However, an analysis of Galileo's correspondence in the aftermath of the trial of 1633 provides us with a unique opportunity to interrogate how his altered circumstances transformed his social relations...
December 1, 2016: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906999/identification-geochemical-characterisation-and-significance-of-bitumen-among-the-grave-goods-of-the-7th-century-mound-1-ship-burial-at-sutton-hoo-suffolk-uk
#11
Pauline Burger, Rebecca J Stacey, Stephen A Bowden, Marei Hacke, John Parnell
The 7th century ship-burial at Sutton Hoo is famous for the spectacular treasure discovered when it was first excavated in 1939. The finds include gold and garnet jewellery, silverware, coins and ceremonial armour of broad geographical provenance which make a vital contribution to understanding the political landscape of early medieval Northern Europe. Fragments of black organic material found scattered within the burial were originally identified as 'Stockholm Tar' and linked to waterproofing and maintenance of the ship...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808207/world-s-largest-marine-reserve-hailed-as-diplomatic-breakthrough
#12
Quirin Schiermeier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793839/how-to-choose-the-world-s-top-health-diplomat
#13
Ilona Kickbusch, Ngaire Woods, Peter Piot, Kamran Abbasi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 28, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639041/-dr-teodor-gjurgjevi%C3%A4-lawyer-diplomat-polyglot-and-the-collaborator-of-andrija-%C3%A5-tampar
#14
Luka Kovačić, Giuseppe Armocida
Dr Theodor Gjurgjević was born in Stubička Kaniža on 1 December 1909 and died in Zagreb on 20 March 1976. He finished high school in Zagreb in 1927 and obtained a doctoral degree from the Zagreb University Faculty of Law in 1933. In 1956, he obtained his second doctorate in modern history from the University of Oxford. He dedicated a large part of his career to international affairs: before and during World War II in the Yugoslav Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Belgrade and after the war at the Zagreb School of Public Health as a collaborator of Andrija Štampar...
November 2015: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575939/clinical-profile-and-containment-of-the-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak-in-two-large-west-african-cities-nigeria-july-september-2014
#15
Chima Ohuabunwo, Celestine Ameh, Oyin Oduyebo, Anthony Ahumibe, Bamidele Mutiu, Adebola Olayinka, Wasiu Gbadamosi, Erika Garcia, Carolina Nanclares, Wale Famiyesin, Abdulaziz Mohammed, Patrick Nguku, Richard I Koko, Joshua Obasanya, Durojaye Adebayo, Yemi Gbadegesin, Oni Idigbe, Olukayode Oguntimehin, Sara Nyanti, Charles Nzuki, Ismail Abdus-Salam, Joseph Adeyemi, Nnanna Onyekwere, Emmanuel Musa, David Brett-Major, Faisal Shuaib, Abdulsalami Nasidi
INTRODUCTION: The Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in Nigeria began when an infected diplomat from Liberia arrived in Lagos, the most populous city in Africa, with subsequent transmission to another large city. METHODS: First-, second-, and third-generation contacts were traced, monitored, and classified. Symptomatic contacts were managed at Ebola treatment centers as suspected, probable, and confirmed EVD cases using standard operating procedures adapted from the World Health Organization EVD guidelines...
December 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559286/the-application-of-mechanical-diagnosis-and-therapy-in-lateral-epicondylalgia
#16
Joseph R Maccio, Sarah Fink, Richard Yarznbowicz, Stephen May
BACKGROUND: lateral epicondylalgia (LE) is a musculoskeletal diagnosis that causes pain and dysfunction in the lateral aspect of the elbow. Mechanical diagnosis and therapy (MDT) is an orthopaedic classification and treatment system based on mechanical and symptomatic response to repeated and sustained end-range movement. There has been no investigation of the association between MDT and patients diagnosed with LE. CASE DESCRIPTION: this report presents three patients matching the currently accepted diagnostic criteria for LE, two with a diagnosis of lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow) from a medical doctor...
July 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452892/the-health-of-uk-civilians-deployed-to-iraq
#17
Nicola T Fear, Daniel Meek, Paul Cawkill, Norman Jones, Neil Greenberg, Simon Wessely
BACKGROUND: Modern military operations have incorporated deployed civilians in a variety of roles (e.g. diplomats, private security staff). Many of these roles expose individuals to potentially dangerous or traumatic events. Evidence has shown that such exposures can cause psychological health problems in military personnel. It is likely that the same would be seen among civilians working in such environments. There is however limited research into the health of civilians deployed to war zones...
July 24, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390912/cora-du-bois-anthropologist-diplomat-agent-by-susan-c-seymour
#18
Trisha Franzen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378662/the-diplomats
#19
Sophia Häfner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2016: Microbes and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27237444/structure-and-activities-of-nuclear-medicine-in-kuwait
#20
REVIEW
Abdelhamid H Elgazzar, Azuwuike Owunwanne, Saud Alenezi
The practice of nuclear medicine in Kuwait began in 1965 as a clinic for treating thyroid diseases. The practice developed gradually and until 1981 when the Faculty of Medicine established the Division of Nuclear Medicine in the Department of Radiology, which later became a separate department responsible for establishing and managing the practice in all hospitals of Kuwait. In 1987, a nuclear medicine residency program was begun and it is administered by Kuwait Institute for Medical Specializations originally as a 4-year but currently as a 5-year program...
July 2016: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
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