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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629849/driving-towards-ecotechnologies
#1
Devora A Najjar, Avery M Normandin, Elizabeth A Strait, Kevin M Esvelt
The prospect of using genetic methods to target vector, parasite, and reservoir species offers tremendous potential benefits to public health, but the use of genome editing to alter the shared environment will require special attention to public perception and community governance in order to benefit the world. Public skepticism combined with the media scrutiny of gene drive systems could easily derail unpopular projects entirely, especially given the potential for trade barriers to be raised against countries that employ self-propagating gene drives...
April 9, 2018: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532733/has-development-assistance-for-health-facilitated-the-rise-of-more-peaceful-societies-in-sub-saharan-africa
#2
Vin Gupta, Alexandre Mason-Sharma, Zoe M Lyon, Endel John Orav, Ashish K Jha, Vanessa B Kerry
Growing evidence suggests that health aid can serve humanitarian and diplomatic ends. This study utilised the Fragile States Index (FSI) for the 47 nations of the World Health Organizations' Africa region for the years 2005-2014 and data on health and non-health development aid spending from the United States (US) for those same years. Absolute amounts of health and non-health aid flows from the US were used as predictors of state fragility. We used time-lagged, fixed-effects multivariable regression modelling with change in FSI as the outcome of interest...
March 13, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450490/neurological-symptoms-among-us-diplomats-in-cuba
#3
Christopher C Muth, Steven L Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450484/neurological-manifestations-among-us-government-personnel-reporting-directional-audible-and-sensory-phenomena-in-havana-cuba
#4
Randel L Swanson, Stephen Hampton, Judith Green-McKenzie, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, M Sean Grady, Ragini Verma, Rosette Biester, Diana Duda, Ronald L Wolf, Douglas H Smith
Importance: From late 2016 through August 2017, US government personnel serving on diplomatic assignment in Havana, Cuba, reported neurological symptoms associated with exposure to auditory and sensory phenomena. Objective: To describe the neurological manifestations that followed exposure to an unknown energy source associated with auditory and sensory phenomena. Design, Setting, and Participants: Preliminary results from a retrospective case series of US government personnel in Havana, Cuba...
February 15, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450476/more-questions-raised-by-concussion-like-symptoms-found-in-us-diplomats-who-served-in-havana
#5
Rita Rubin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416990/politics-of-ebola-and-the-critical-role-of-global-health-diplomacy-for-the-caricom
#6
Vijay Kumar Chattu
The 2014 Ebola epidemic was the largest in history, affecting Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, and Mali in West Africa. The International Health Regulations are legally binding in 194 countries including all the member states of WHO "to prevent, protect against, control, and provide a public health response to the international spread of disease." Since the Caribbean Community region heavily depends on tourism, a single case of the disease anywhere in the region could have serious negative consequences for the rest of the region's tourism industry...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330197/diplomatic-impasse-prevents-cardiologists-from-attending-conference-in-qatar
#7
Anthony Harwood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325574/applied-global-health-diplomacy-profile-of-health-diplomats-accredited-to-the-united-states-and-foreign-governments
#8
Matthew D Brown, Julie N Bergmann, Thomas E Novotny, Tim K Mackey
BACKGROUND: Global health diplomacy (GHD) is a burgeoning field bridging the priorities of global health and foreign affairs. Given the increasing need to mobilize disparate global health stakeholders coupled with the need to design complex public health partnerships to tackle issues of international concern, effective and timely cooperation among state actors is critical. Health Attachés represent this coordination focal point and are key diplomatic professionals at the forefront of GHD...
January 11, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299001/development-of-a-documentation-rubric-and-assessment-of-pharmacists-competency-for-documentation-in-the-patient-health-record
#9
Brittany Baranski, Jennifer Bolt, Lori Albers, Rabiah Siddiqui, Ali Bell, William Semchuk
Background: Documentation of information in the health record by pharmacists is vital to patient care. Failure to document, or failure to document appropriately, may have negative effects on patients. Objectives: The primary objective was to determine pharmacists' competency in 18 elements of chart note documentation at 2 tertiary care centres and 1 rehabilitation centre. The secondary objectives were to quantify the number of episodes of documentation by pharmacists, to characterize the clinical activities associated with this documentation, and to determine whether there were differences in level of competency according to years of hospital experience, additional clinical training, and note type...
November 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290174/eight-week-outcomes-of-ledipasvir-sofosbuvir-in-noncirrhotic-treatment-naive-patients-with-hepatitis-c-analysis-of-pharmacy-based-data
#10
Jennifer Andres, Stephen Lott, Kamran Qureshi
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials have demonstrated that 8 weeks of ledipasvir and sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF) achieved high rates of sustained virologic response at 12 weeks (SVR12) in patients with hepatitis C viral (HCV) genotype 1 infection. The effectiveness of this combination was noted to be robust in treatment-naive noncirrhotic patients and in patients with an HCV viral load of < 6 million IU/mL before treatment. Generalizability of these results to community clinical practice, however, was advised with caution due to the variability of staging methods, fluctuating nature of viral loads, lack of prospective trials, and real-life confirmation...
January 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278244/embassy-cinema-what-wikileaks-reveals-about-us-state-support-for-hollywood
#11
Paul Moody
In an article for Foreign Affairs at the outbreak of the World War II, film producer Walter Wanger referred to Hollywood movies as '120,000 American ambassadors'. The preeminence of Hollywood in presenting US ideology to the world has been asserted ever since. Yet the relationship between Hollywood and America's actual ambassadors, employed by the global network of American embassies, has rarely been investigated, despite the key role that this often overlooked aspect of the state apparatus plays in the maintenance of Hollywood's commercial interests and American cultural hegemony...
October 2017: Media, culture, and society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071553/analysis-of-the-governance-structures-in-japan-s-biosphere-reserves-perspectives-from-bottom-up-and-multilevel-characteristics
#12
Toshinori Tanaka, Nobuhiko Wakamatsu
This paper analyzes the governance structures of Biosphere Reserves (BRs) in Japan by focusing on six criteria that elucidate the main characteristics therein: general information (nomination process, year of designation, size, and population), legal frameworks, stakeholder identification, and decision-making processes (number of municipalities and role of consociation), administrative institutions (human resources, budgetary situation, and expense distribution), executed BR implementation activities, and participatory/collaborative frameworks...
January 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973591/war-medicine-and-cultural-diplomacy-in-the-americas-frank-wilson-and-brazilian-cardiology
#13
Simone P Kropf, Joel D Howell
American cultural diplomacy played a key role in the institutionalization of Brazilian cardiology. In 1942, Frank Wilson, an internationally recognized pioneer in electrocardiography, made an extended wartime visit to Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. The visit was sponsored by the United States Department of State as part of Roosevelt's Good Neighbor Policy and brought Wilson together with a group of physicians who would establish the specialty of cardiology in Brazil. This US cultural and diplomatic initiative strengthened an academic network that was already evolving and would eventually prove to be of benefit to both sides...
October 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954052/the-world-health-organization-framework-convention-on-tobacco-control-in-the-brazilian-political-agenda-2003-2005
#14
Luiz Antônio da Silva Teixeira, Carlos Henrique Assunção Paiva, Vanessa Nolasco Ferreira
This study analyses the development of a tobacco-control agenda in Brazil following the country's participation in the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO-FCTC). This process started with the diplomatic negotiations for the participation of Brazil in the treaty, in 2003, and its ratification by the National Congress, in 2005, and was marked by substantial controversies between public health players, who are accountable for tobacco-control actions, and the high echelon of Brazilian diplomacy, emissaries of the tobacco industry, representatives of small tobacco farmers from the Southern region of the country, congress representatives, senators and ministers...
September 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910482/an-outbreak-investigation-report-and-lessons-learned-by-multinational-coalition-forces-october-2016-baghdad-iraq
#15
Stanley A Gorzelnik, Laura N Kephart, Wendy E Miklos
BACKGROUND: Public health personnel from the 28th Combat Support Hospital in Baghdad, Iraq, conducted an outbreak investigation in response to many local cases of gastrointestinal (GI) illness presenting to U.S. medical facilities. The investigation was conducted to identify the source of the illness, assess the extent of cases, and make recommendations to prevent similar outbreaks. METHODS AND MATERIALS: For this retrospective cohort study, medical records and patient outbreak questionnaires were reviewed...
December 0: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870717/alleged-acoustic-attack-on-us-diplomats-puzzling-experts
#16
Rita Rubin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 9, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825673/trapped-in-statelessness-rohingya-refugees-in-bangladesh
#17
REVIEW
Abul Hasnat Milton, Mijanur Rahman, Sumaira Hussain, Charulata Jindal, Sushmita Choudhury, Shahnaz Akter, Shahana Ferdousi, Tafzila Akter Mouly, John Hall, Jimmy T Efird
The Rohingya people are one of the most ill-treated and persecuted refugee groups in the world, having lived in a realm of statelessness for over six generations, and who are still doing so. In recent years, more than 500,000 Rohingyas fled from Myanmar (Burma) to neighboring countries. This article addresses the Rohingya refugee crisis in Bangladesh, with special emphasis on the living conditions of this vulnerable population. We reviewed several documents on Rohingya refugees, visited a registered refugee camp (Teknaf), collected case reports, and conducted a series of meetings with stakeholders in the Cox's Bazar district of Bangladesh...
August 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812802/diplomacy-and-health-the-end-of-the-utilitarian-era
#18
Sebastian Kevany, Marcus Matthews
Cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA), as a system of allocative efficiency for global health programs, is an influential criterion for resource allocation in the context of diplomacy and inherent foreign policy decisions therein. This is because such programs have diplomatic benefits and costs that can be uploaded from the recipient and affect the broader foreign policy interests of the donor and the diplomacy landscape between both parties. These diplomatic implications are vital to the long-term success of both the immediate program and any subsequent programs; hence it is important to articulate them alongside program performance, in terms of how well their interrelated interventions were perceived by the communities served...
January 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810959/a-retrospective-review-of-clinical-admissions-to-afghan-national-security-forces-health-care-institutions
#19
Christian W Ertl, David Royal, Jairo Espinosa
BACKGROUND: Few published reports have examined the numbers of civilian injuries treated at Military Treatment Facilities in the Afghan Theater of Operations. However, review of Department of Defense Trauma Registry revealed a persistent percentage of civilians treated by NATO, and this study compares the proportion of civilians served by Afghan and Coalition military hospitals between 2009 and 2013. METHODS: A retrospective review of records from Department of Defense trauma Registry for Coalition data, and Afghan data from the Office of the Inspector General...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806896/the-u-s-department-of-state-s-mental-health-services-a-model-for-integrated-care
#20
Kenneth Dekleva
Since it was established in 1979, the U.S. Department of State's mental health service has functioned as a unique program of care for U.S. diplomats and their family members, currently encompassing more than 250 U.S. embassies and consulates worldwide. Such an approach has allowed for rapid delivery of high-quality care in collaboration with regional medical officers, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, nurses, and local assets. Data from the past three decades indicate that the program has had low rates of medical evacuation and repatriation and low rates of mortality...
November 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
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