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Diplomacy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812802/diplomacy-and-health-the-end-of-the-utilitarian-era
#1
Sebastian Kevany, Marcus Matthews
Cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA), as a system of allocative efficiency for global health programs, is an influential criterion for resource allocation in the context of diplomacy and inherent foreign policy decisions therein. This is because such programs have diplomatic benefits and costs that can be uploaded from the recipient and affect the broader foreign policy interests of the donor and the diplomacy landscape between both parties. These diplomatic implications are vital to the long-term success of both the immediate program and any subsequent programs; hence it is important to articulate them alongside program performance, in terms of how well their interrelated interventions were perceived by the communities served...
January 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808802/interpretation-and-diplomacy-aspects-of-authority-and-care-in-imaging-reports
#2
Werner A Golder
Whereas the creativity and intellectual power of the radiologist are measured against his/her written report, the value of the message will not only be judged by the precision of the medical statement. The same result can be attributed to different words. Numerous common and accidental factors exert influence on the decision on what is said and what is not said, how it is assessed and what is ignored. The less certain a diagnosis is and the less favourable its possible consequences are, the more subtleties and periphrases are to be expected within the report...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794413/chemical-diplomacy-in-male-tilapia-urinary-signal-increases-sex-hormone-and-decreases-aggression
#3
João L Saraiva, Tina Keller-Costa, Peter C Hubbard, Ana Rato, Adelino V M Canário
Androgens, namely 11-ketotestosterone (11KT), have a central role in male fish reproductive physiology and are thought to be involved in both aggression and social signalling. Aggressive encounters occur frequently in social species, and fights may cause energy depletion, injury and loss of social status. Signalling for social dominance and fighting ability in an agonistic context can minimize these costs. Here, we test the hypothesis of a 'chemical diplomacy' mechanism through urinary signals that avoids aggression and evokes an androgen response in receiver males of Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus)...
August 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723999/moving-towards-south-south-international-health-debts-and-challenges-in-the-regional-health-agenda
#4
María Belén Herrero
The aim of this paper is twofold. First, it aims to investigate the increased interest in health as an important dimension of the foreign policy and diplomatic concerns together with the emergence of a new framework for regional health integration and regional health diplomacy. Second, it seeks to understand the role and practices of new regional blocs in the field of health and whether they are conducting to the emergence of new strategies for addressing health regional policies in South America. The regional policy process relates to health as a right...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723996/bioethical-dimensions-of-international-cooperation-for-health-still-a-controversial-issue
#5
José Paranaguá de Santana
This essay stresses the importance of undertaking a critical analysis of international cooperation for health based upon reflections on diplomacy, acknowledging the ethical limits and possibilities of cooperation within this context. It emphasizes the importance of adopting an historical perspective, highlighting the circumstances surrounding the consolidation of the current international system, whereby, after two world wars, the victorious countries created the United Nations Organization, which today brings together all the world's nations, notwithstanding the fact that the majority of countries are in favor of significant changes to its institutional framework...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721965/the-rise-of-global-health-diplomacy-an-interdisciplinary-concept-linking-health-and-international-relations
#6
Vijay Kumar Chattu
Global health diplomacy (GHD) is relatively a very new field that has yet to be clearly defined and developed though there are various definitions given by different experts from foreign policy, global health, diplomacy, international relations, governance, and law. With the intensification of globalization and increasing gaps between countries, new and reemerging health threats such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, influenza, severe acute respiratory syndrome, Ebola, and Zika and a gradual rethinking on security concepts framed a new political context...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719268/the-cuba-united-states-thaw-building-bridges-through-science-and-global-health
#7
Daniel G Bausch, Vivian Kouri, Sonia Resik, Belsy Acosta, Gerardo Guillen, Karen Goraleski, Marcos Espinal, Maria G Guzman
AbstractBeginning in 2014, there has been significant progress in normalization of relations between Cuba and the United States. Herein, we discuss the history and recent progress in scientific collaboration between the two countries as well as the continued challenges. Science and global health diplomacy can be key tools in reestablishing a trusting and productive relationship of mutual and global benefit, bringing about better and healthier lives for people in both Cuba and the United States.
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685669/understanding-how-domestic-health-policy-is-integrated-into-foreign-policy-in-south-africa-a-case-for-accelerating-access-to-antiretroviral-medicines
#8
Simon Moeketsi Modisenyane, Stephen James Heinrich Hendricks, Harvey Fineberg
BACKGROUND: South Africa, as an emerging middle-income country, is becoming increasingly influential in global health diplomacy (GHD). However, little empirical research has been conducted to inform arguments for the integration of domestic health into foreign policy by state and non-state actors. This study seeks to address this knowledge gap. It takes the form of an empirical case study which analyses how South Africa integrates domestic health into its foreign policy, using the lens of access to antiretroviral (ARV) medicines...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622883/health-related-quality-of-life-of-palestinian-refugees-inside-and-outside-camps-in-jordan
#9
Hamza Alduraidi, Catherine M Waters
BACKGROUND: Jordan hosts more Palestinian refugees than any country in the world. Conditions under which people in a community live influence their health-related quality of life (HRQOL). PURPOSE: The purpose of this descriptive comparative cross-sectional study was to compare HRQOL of Palestinian refugees in Jordan who live inside camps with those who live outside camps. METHODS: Participants, recruited from inside the Baqa'a camp (n = 86) and the surrounding Abu Nsair community (n = 91), completed the World Health Organization Quality of Life Brief questionnaire...
May 26, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589007/are-national-policies-on-global-health-in-fact-national-policies-on-global-health-governance-a-comparison-of-policy-designs-from-norway-and-switzerland
#10
Catherine M Jones, Carole Clavier, Louise Potvin
BACKGROUND: Since the signing of the Oslo Ministerial Declaration in 2007, the idea that foreign policy formulation should include health considerations has gained traction on the United Nations agenda as evidenced by annual General Assembly resolutions on global health and foreign policy. The adoption of national policies on global health (NPGH) is one way that some member states integrate health and foreign policymaking. This paper explores what these policies intend to do and how countries plan to do it...
March 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546629/a-dental-nurse-s-life-dental-nurses-should-be-renamed-as-diplomacy-experts
#11
Kate Quinlan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542186/russian-united-states-vaccine-science-diplomacy-preserving-the-legacy
#12
EDITORIAL
Peter J Hotez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353481/the-art-of-leadership-diplomacy
#13
Angela S Prestia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351883/american-mock-world-health-organization-an-innovative-model-for-student-engagement-in-global-health-policy
#14
Mia Lei, Neha Acharya, Edith Kwok Man Lee, Emma Catherine Holcomb, Veronica Kapoor
The American Mock World Health Organization (AMWHO) is a model for experiential-based learning and student engagement in global health diplomacy. AMWHO was established in 2014 at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill with a mission to engage students in health policy by providing a simulation of the World Health Assembly (WHA), the policy-forming body of the World Health Organization that sets norms and transforms the global health agenda. AMWHO conferences are designed to allow students to take their knowledge of global health beyond the classroom and practice their skills in diplomacy by assuming the role of WHA delegates throughout a 3-day weekend...
March 24, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318596/determining-nuclear-fingerprints-glove-boxes-radiation-protection-and-the-international-atomic-energy-agency
#15
Maria Rentetzi
In a nuclear laboratory, a glove box is a windowed, sealed container equipped with two flexible gloves that allow the user to manipulate nuclear materials from the outside in an ostensibly safe environment. As a routine laboratory device, it invites neglect from historians and storytellers of science. Yet, since especially the Gulf War, glove boxes have put the interdependence of science, diplomacy, and politics into clear relief. Standing at the intersection of history of science and international history, technological materials and devices such as the glove box can provide penetrating insight into the role of international diplomatic organizations to the global circulation and control of scientific knowledge...
March 15, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287850/five-challenges-to-ethical-communication-for-interprofessional-paediatric-practice-a-social-work-perspective
#16
Clare Delany, Angela Richards, Helen Stewart, Lauren Kosta
In paediatric clinical care, what is said to a parent or carer as well as when, where, and how it is said, directly advances or diminishes parents' capacities to understand available options and to contribute to decisions about treatment for their child. This makes interprofessional and patient communication an ethical endeavour. Social workers are uniquely situated to observe, participate in, and provide an active link in the communication between families and other health team members. This article reports phenomenological research exploring ethical issues encountered by social workers in their everyday practice communicating with families and other health professionals in a paediatric hospital context in Australia...
July 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271746/future-proofing-global-health-governance-of-priorities
#17
Belinda Bennett, I Glenn Cohen, Sara E Davies, Lawrence O Gostin, Peter S Hill, Aditi Mankad, Alexandra L Phelan
The year 2015 was a significant anniversary for global health: 15 years since the adoption of the Millennium Development Goals and the creation of the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization, followed two years later by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria. 2015 was also the 10-year anniversary of the adoption of the International Health Regulations (May 2005) and the formal entering into force of the Framework Convention on the Tobacco Control (February 2005). The anniversary of these frameworks and institutions illustrates the growth and contribution of 'global' health diplomacy...
March 8, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254150/towards-a-new-health-diplomacy-in-eastern-ukraine
#18
Michel Kazatchkine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161673/adapting-public-policy-theory-for-public-health-research-a-framework-to-understand-the-development-of-national-policies-on-global-health
#19
Catherine M Jones, Carole Clavier, Louise Potvin
National policies on global health appear as one way that actors from health, development and foreign affairs sectors in a country coordinate state action on global health. Next to a burgeoning literature in which international relations and global governance theories are employed to understand global health policy and global health diplomacy at the international level, little is known about policy processes for global health at the national scale. We propose a framework of the policy process to understand how such policies are developed, and we identify challenges for public health researchers integrating conceptual tools from political science...
January 24, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152422/street-level-diplomacy-communicative-and-adaptive-work-at-the-front-line-of-implementing-public-health-policies-in-primary-care
#20
Nicola Gale, George Dowswell, Sheila Greenfield, Tom Marshall
Public services are increasingly operating through network governance, requiring those at all levels of the system to build collaborations and adapt their practice. Agent-focused implementation theories, such as 'street-level bureaucracy', tend to focus on decision-making and the potential of actors to subvert national policy at a local level. While it is acknowledged that network leaders need to be adaptable and to build trust, much less consideration has been given to the requirement for skills of 'diplomacy' needed by those at the front line of delivering public services...
March 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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