Read by QxMD icon Read


Mariann H Bentsen, Trond Markestad, Thomas Halvorsen
Early prediction of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) may facilitate tailored management for neonates at risk. We investigated whether easily accessible flow data from a mechanical ventilator can predict BPD in neonates born extremely premature (EP). In a prospective population-based study of EP-born neonates, flow data were obtained from the ventilator during the first 48 h of life. Data were logged for >10 min and then converted to flow-volume loops using custom-made software. Tidal breathing parameters were calculated and averaged from ≥200 breath cycles, and data were compared between those who later developed moderate/severe and no/mild BPD...
January 2018: ERJ Open Research
R Cuthbert, C Deutsch, A Roy, P Stimpson, H Patel
Introduction The free jejunal flap represents the gold standard for circumferential defects in upper digestive tract reconstruction. It is a technically demanding procedure with significant failure rates. Unrecognised failure leads to flap necrosis and potentially fatal sequelae, including sepsis and carotid artery bleed. Despite these catastrophic consequences, however, there remains no consensus on an optimum method for postoperative flap monitoring. Our unit has pioneered the use of external colour duplex ultrasound to monitor flap vascularity...
March 15, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Lanny V Griffin, John F Kragh, Michael A Dubick
BACKGROUND: To develop knowledge of mechanical control of bleeding in first aid, a laboratory model was set up to simulate flow through a blood vessel. A collapsible tube was used to mimic an artery in two experiments to determine (1) the extent of volumetric flow reduction caused by increases in the degree of compression of the vessel and (2) the extent of flow reduction caused by increases in the length of compression. METHODS: Water was used in vertical tubing...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Victoria M Stoll, Margaret Loudon, Jonatan Eriksson, Malenka M Bissell, Petter Dyverfeldt, Tino Ebbers, Saul G Myerson, Stefan Neubauer, Carl- Johan Carlhäll, Aaron T Hess
BACKGROUND: Quantification and visualisation of left ventricular (LV) blood flow is afforded by three-dimensional, time resolved phase contrast cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR 4D flow). However, few data exist upon the repeatability and variability of these parameters in a healthy population. We aimed to assess the repeatability and variability over time of LV 4D CMR flow measurements. METHODS: Forty five controls underwent CMR 4D flow data acquisition...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Yusuke Murakami, Jun Funatsu, Shunji Nakatake, Kohta Fujiwara, Takashi Tachibana, Yoshito Koyanagi, Toshio Hisatomi, Shigeo Yoshida, Shozo Sonoda, Taiji Sakamoto, Koh-Hei Sonoda, Yasuhiro Ikeda
Purpose: To investigate the relationships between foveal blood flow as measured by laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG), the retinal-choroidal structure in enhanced depth imaging-optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT), and central visual function in patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP). Methods: We studied 52 consecutive typical RP patients ≤50 years old and 21 age- and sex-matched controls. The mean blur rate (MBR), which represents the blood flow volume, was calculated in a 2...
February 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Francesco Montecchia, Fabio Midulla, Paola Papoff
Measuring work of breathing (WOB) is an intricate task during high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) therapy because the continuous unidirectional flow toward the patient makes pneumotachography technically difficult to use. We implemented a new method for measuring WOB based on a differential pneumotachography (DP) system, equipped with one pneumotachograph inserted in the HFNC circuit and another connected to a monitoring facemask, combined with a leak correction algorithm (LCA) that corrects flow measurement errors arising from leakage around the monitoring facemask...
February 24, 2018: Medical Engineering & Physics
Eero Lauhkonen, Riikka Riikonen, Sari Törmänen, Petri Koponen, Kirsi Nuolivirta, Merja Helminen, Jyri Toikka, Matti Korppi
BACKGROUND: The transition from early childhood wheezing to persistent asthma is linked to lung function impairment over time. Little is known how the methods used to study lung function at different ages correlate longitudinally. METHODS: Sixty-four children with a history of hospitalization for bronchiolitis before 6 months of age were prospectively studied with impulse oscillometry (IOS) at the mean age of 6.3 years and these preschool IOS results were compared with flow-volume spirometry (FVS) measurements at mean age of 11...
February 27, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
Ebraham Alskaf, Attila Kardos
Aortic valve area is one of the main criteria used by echocardiography to determine the degree of valvular aortic stenosis, and it is calculated using the continuity equation which assumes that the flow volume of blood is equal at two points, the aortic valve area and the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT). The main fallacy of this equation is the assumption that the LVOT area which is used to calculate the flow volume at the LVOT level is circular, where it is often an ellipse and sometimes irregular. The aim of this review is to explain the physiology of the continuity equation, the different sources of errors, the added benefits of using three-dimensional imaging modalities to measure LVOT area, the latest recommendations related to valvular aortic stenosis, and to introduce future perspectives...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Echocardiography
Giacomo Calzetti, Klemens Fondi, Ahmed M Bata, Nikolaus Luft, Piotr A Wozniak, Katarzyna J Witkowska, Matthias Bolz, Alina Popa-Cherecheanu, René M Werkmeister, Doreen Schmidl, Gerhard Garhöfer, Leopold Schmetterer
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There is considerable interest in novel techniques to quantify choroidal blood flow (CBF) in humans. In the present study, we investigated a novel technique to measure CBF based on laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG) in healthy subjects. METHODS: This study included 31 eyes of 31 healthy, non-smoking subjects aged between 19 and 74 years. A commercial LSFG instrument was used to measure choroidal vessel diameter (CVD) and relative flow volume (RFV) in choroidal vessels that were identified on fundus photos, an approach that was used previously only for retinal vessels...
February 22, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Yuri An, Yujung Kang, Jungsul Lee, Chulwoo Ahn, Kihwan Kwon, Chulhee Choi
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most common diseases worldwide. Uncontrolled and prolonged hyperglycemia can cause diabetic complications, which reduce the quality of life of patients. Diabetic complications are common in DM patients. Because it is impossible to completely recover from diabetic complications, it is important for early detection. In this study, we suggest a novel method of determining blood flow characteristics based on fluorescence image analysis with indocyanine green and report that diabetic complications have unique blood flow characteristics...
February 21, 2018: Biomedical Engineering Online
V A Sandrikov, T Y Kulagina, V A Ivanov, A S Krylov, A M Yatchenko, D R Кhadzhieva, A V Tsyganov, A V Gavrilov, I V Arkhipov
OBJECTIVE: to examine relationship between anatomical changes of the left ventricle (LV), dynamics of velocity of its volume modification, and blood flows in the LV in patients with mitral regurgitation (MR) before and after surgical treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included into this study 58 patients with severe 3-4 degree MR (38 men, 20 women aged 24-69 [mean age 51±9] years) in sinus rhythm (96 %) or atrial fibrillation (4 %). The control group included 86 healthy volunteers, mean age 39±7 years...
January 2018: Kardiologiia
Jun Hua, Peiying Liu, Tae Kim, Manus Donahue, Swati Rane, J Jean Chen, Qin Qin, Seong-Gi Kim
The measurement of cerebral blood volume (CBV) has been the topic of numerous neuroimaging studies. To date, however, most in vivo imaging approaches can only measure CBV summed over all types of blood vessels, including arterial, capillary and venous vessels in the microvasculature (i.e. total CBV or CBVtot). As different types of blood vessels have intrinsically different anatomy, function and physiology, the ability to quantify CBV in different segments of the microvascular tree may furnish information that is not obtainable from CBVtot, and may provide a more sensitive and specific measure for the underlying physiology...
February 16, 2018: NeuroImage
Janos Porszasz, Nicolò Carraro, Robert Cao, Ashwani Gore, Shuyi Ma, Thomas Jiang, François Maltais, Gary T Ferguson, Denis E O'Donnell, Asif Shaikh, Harry B Rossiter, Richard Casaburi
This substudy of a large, randomized, controlled trial (NCT01072396) examined tiotropium (18 μg qd) effects on dynamic hyperinflation during constant work rate treadmill exercise. Areas-under-the-spontaneous expiratory flow-volume (SEFV)-curves were compared in 20 COPD patients and 16 age-matched untreated controls, using rectangular area ratio (RAR) between peak intrabreath and end-expiratory flow. Seven patients exhibited SEFV curve concavity with RAR ≤ 0.5 (RAR low ) in ≥1 test without tiotropium; (mean ± SD FEV 1 : 1...
February 10, 2018: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
Shyam S Chaurasia, Rayne R Lim, Bhav H Parikh, Yeo Sia Wey, Bo Bo Tun, Tien Yin Wong, Chi D Luu, Rupesh Agrawal, Arkasubhra Ghosh, Alessandra Mortellaro, Elizabeth Rackoczy, Rajiv R Mohan, Veluchamy A Barathi
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a retinal microvascular disease characterized by inflammatory and angiogenic pathways. In this study, we evaluated NLRP3 inflammasome in a double transgenic mouse model, Akimba (Ins2 Akita xVEGF +/- ), which demonstrates hyperglycemia, vascular hyperpermeability and neovascularization seen in the proliferative DR. Retinal structural integrity, vascular leakage and function were examined by fundus photography, fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, retinal flat mounts, laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG), and electroretinography in Akimba and its parental strains, Akita (Ins2 Akita ) and Kimba (trVEGF029) mice...
February 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Katsuhiro Mizutani, Masahiro Toda, Yumi Yajima, Takenori Akiyama, Hirokazu Fujiwara, Kazunari Yoshida, Masahiro Jinzaki
OBJECTIVES: Functional venous anatomy in the brain has been mostly understood from the morphological and embryological points of view and no published study has directly evaluated the blood flow volume of cerebral small veins. We developed a method to directly evaluate the relative blood volume in small venous channels using multi-detector computed tomography (CT) and applied it to evaluate the blood volume in each tributary of the cavernous sinus, which plays an important role in cerebral venous drainage...
February 6, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Chuong Ngo, Falk Dippel, Klaus Tenbrock, Steffen Leonhardt, Sylvia Lehmann
BACKGROUND: Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) provides information on global and regional ventilation during tidal breathing and mechanical ventilation. During forced expiration maneuvers, the linearity of EIT and spirometric data has been documented in healthy persons. The present study investigates the potential diagnostic use of EIT in pediatric patients with asthma. METHODS: EIT and spirometry were performed in 58 children with asthma (average age ± SD: 11...
February 6, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
T Moonmanee, C Navanukraw, P Yama, J Jitjumnong
A greater understanding of the uterine artery's (UtA) biology is essential to the increase in female reproductive abilities. The UtA flow velocity waveform, blood flow volume (BFV), pulsatility and resistance indices (PI and RI), blood flow velocities, dynamics of the dominant follicle (DF), and estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4) levels in an induced ovulatory cycle were evaluated in Thai native cattle. Twenty cows were induced with synchronized ovulation through a P4-releasing device, from Day -9 to Day -4, concurrent with the administration of two doses of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone on Day -9 and Day -1, and two doses of prostaglandin F2α on Day -4 and 8 h later...
January 25, 2018: Reproductive Biology
Soo Buem Cho, Ho Cheol Choi, EunJin Bae, Tae Jin Park, Hye Jin Baek, Sung Eun Park, Kyeong Hwa Ryu, Jin Il Moon, Bo Hwa Choi, Kyungsoo Bae, Kyung Nyeo Jeon
RATIONALE: Thrombosis due to anastomotic site stenosis is the most common complication in patients with brachio-axillary arteriovenous graft (AVG). Intravascular stent placement may play a special role in the salvage of dialysis grafts that have been previously performed percutaneous angioplasty or surgical procedure on the graft. Herein, we applied a novel stent named Supera which has a high degree of flexibility and resistance to external compression for treating a patient with recurrent venous anastomotic stenosis of brachio-axillary AVG...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Paul Julian, Todd Z Osborne
The balance of fresh and saline water is essential to estuarine ecosystem function. Along the fresh-brackish-saline water gradient within the C-43 canal/Caloosahatchee River Estuary (CRE), the quantity, timing and distribution of water, and associated water quality significantly influence ecosystem function. Long-term trends of water quality and quantity were assessed from Lake Okeechobee to the CRE between May 1978 and April 2016. Significant changes to monthly flow volumes were detected between the lake and the estuary which correspond to changes in upstream management...
January 25, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Takeshi Morii, Tomonori Kishino, Naoko Shimamori, Mitsue Motohashi, Hiroaki Ohnishi, Keita Honya, Takayuki Aoyagi, Takashi Tajima, Shoichi Ichimura
BACKGROUND: Preoperative evaluation of the risk of surgery-related blood loss in malignant soft tissue tumor resection is difficult because of wide variations in histological subtype, malignancy, location, and size. Ultrasonography is useful for the evaluation of blood flow around a soft tissue tumor and has the potential to preoperatively estimate intraoperative blood loss in tumor resection. To date, there has been no report regarding blood loss evaluation using ultrasonography in this field...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"