Read by QxMD icon Read


Nikolaus Luft, Piotr A Wozniak, Gerold C Aschinger, Klemens Fondi, Ahmed M Bata, René M Werkmeister, Doreen Schmidl, Katarzyna J Witkowska, Matthias Bolz, Gerhard Garhöfer, Leopold Schmetterer
Purpose: This study evaluated the validity of retinal perfusion measurements using laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG) by means of in vitro experiments and direct comparison with dual-beam Doppler optical coherence tomography (D-OCT) in a healthy Caucasian population. Methods: The flow velocity of scattering solution pumped through a glass capillary was measured at 17 different flow velocities (range, 0.5-47 mm/s) using LSFG. The flow within the glass capillary was produced by a computer-controlled infusion pump...
October 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Takeo Ishii, Yasunobu Suzuki, Takuji Nakayama, Miki Ohmori, Shinichi Masai, Naru Sasagawa, Kunio Ohyama
OBJECTIVE: To determine if duplex ultrasound (US) for arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) can predict vascular events (VEs; thrombosis and stenosis). METHODS: Duplex US was performed for vascular access evaluation in 2557 maintenance hemodialysis (HD) patients between October 1, 2013 and March 31, 2016. Of these patients, 2184 patients were finally included in this study. AVF dysfunction was assessed using the brachial artery blood flow volume (Qa; mL/min), arterial blood flow resistance index (RI), and residual diameter of the fistula vein (RD; mm)...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
Sophia F Shakur, Victor A Aletich, Sepideh Amin-Hanjani, Ahmed E Hussein, Fady T Charbel, Ali Alaraj
BACKGROUND: Pipeline embolization devices (PEDs) are commonly used for endovascular treatment of cerebral aneurysms but can be associated with delayed ipsilateral intraparenchymal hemorrhage. Although intra-aneurysmal hemodynamic changes have been studied, parent vessel and intracranial hemodynamics after PED use are unknown. We examine the impact of flow diversion on parent artery and distal intracranial hemodynamics. METHOD: Patients with internal carotid cerebral aneurysms treated with PED who had flow volume rate, flow velocities, pulsatility index, resistance index, Lindegaard ratio, and wall shear stress (WSS) obtained after treatment using quantitative magnetic resonance angiography were reviewed...
October 4, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Martin Lombardero, Ruth Henquin, Gabriel Perea, Mariana Corneli, Carlos Izurieta
INTRODUCTION: Quantification of mitral regurgitation (MR) by two-dimensional (2D) transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is based on the analysis of the proximal flow convergence (PFC) and the "vena contracta" (VC). This method assumes geometries and can be misleading. In contrast, three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography directly measures flow volumes and does not assume geometries, which allows for more accurate MR evaluation. AIMS: To report the 3D transesophageal echocardiography (3DTEE) feasibility for MR quantification and evaluate its concordance with 2D echo...
October 4, 2016: Echocardiography
Federica Trucco, Marina Pedemonte, Chiara Fiorillo, Paola Tacchetti, Giacomo Brisca, Claudio Bruno, Carlo Minetti
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is an autosomal dominant inherited disorder characterized by selective weakness of face and upper arms and girdle. Respiratory involvement in FSHD has been described mainly in the most severely affected patients. In this work we tested the respiratory function by spirometry in 12 patients affected by FSHD with onset before 18 years. Spirometry results were correlated with motor involvement and compared to aged matched group of Becker patients. Of note FSHD patients present a peculiar pattern characterized by a flat shape in flow-volume loop...
October 2016: Respiratory Medicine
Takayuki Adachi, Tsutomu Sakurada, Takanori Otowa, Keita Uehara, Shina Sueki, Shigeki Kojima, Nagayuki Kaneshiro, Katsuomi Matsui, Tadahisa Tomohiro, Yugo Shibagaki
Vascular access intervention therapy (VAIVT) has been positioned as the first choice of treatment for stenosis lesions frequently observed in arteriovenous fistula (AVF) for hemodialysis patients in Japan. Furthermore, increased blood flow can provide a stable dialysis. In contrast, it has been reported that excess blood flow of AVF causes high-output heart failure. Although VAIVT is used to increase blood flow of AVF, the impact of VAIVT on cardiac load has been rarely reported. We examined the factors associated with cardiac load in hemodialysis patients undergoing VAIVT by measuring levels of α human atrial natriuretic polypeptide (hANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) before and after VAIVT...
October 2016: Hemodialysis International
Diego H Cáceres, Juan David Zapata, Sinar D Granada, Luz E Cano, Tonny W Naranjo
BACKGROUND: Colombia currently does not have a specialised service for measuring antifungal levels in serum, which is of prime importance for the proper treatment and correct management of invasive fungal infections. AIMS: To standardise and validate a simple, sensitive, and specific protocol, based on high performance liquid chromatography, complying with the parameters recommended by the Food and Drug Administration, to detect, identify, and quantify serum concentrations of posaconazole...
September 20, 2016: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
Kevin Laudner, Jose Vazquez, Noelle Selkow, Keith Meister
CONTEXT: Baseball players, specifically pitchers, with symptomatic neurovascular occlusion often initially complain of arm fatigue, loss of ball control, and velocity. As the compression continues complaints may manifest into dull pain, paresthesia, and decreased grip strength. OBJECTIVE: To determine the correlation between upper extremity blood flow volume and grip strength among baseball pitchers. DESIGN: cross-sectional. SETTING: Athletic training room...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Sefayet Karaca, Ersoy Civelek, Mehmet Karaca, Umit M Sahiner, Riza K Ozgul, Can N Kocabas, Renato Polimanti, Bülent E Sekerel
To dissect the role of immunogenetics in allergy and asthma, we performed a phenome-wide association study in 974 Turkish children selected from a cross-sectional study conducted using ISAAC (International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Children) Phase II tools. We investigated 9 loci involved in different immune functions (ADAM33, ADRB2, CD14, IL13, IL4, IL4R, MS4A2, SERPINE1, and TNF) with respect to 116 traits assessed through blood tests, hypertonic saline challenge tests, questionnaires, and skin prick tests...
2016: Scientific Reports
Eri Hagiwara, Yasuhiro Gon, Kentaro Hayashi, Mai Takahashi, Yuko Iida, Hisato Hiranuma, Yoshiko Nakagawa, Tsukasa Hataoka, Kenji Mizumura, Shuichiro Maruoka, Tetsuo Shimizu, Noriaki Takahashi, Shu Hashimoto
The case subject was a 58-year-old woman who presented to our hospital with a chief complaint of respiratory discomfort. Wheezing could be heard in both lungs; treatment was initiated with inhaled steroids for suspected bronchial asthma. However, 1 week later, the respiratory discomfort had not improved and the wheezing sound had progressed to the neck area. Upper airway obstruction was suspected; therefore, chest computed tomography (CT) was performed, revealing tracheal stenosis caused by a tumor in the upper airway...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Sophia F Shakur, Sepideh Amin-Hanjani, Hassan Mostafa, Victor A Aletich, Fady T Charbel, Ali Alaraj
The role that hemodynamics plays in the pathophysiology of cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) hemorrhage remains unclear. Here, we examine the relationship of pulsatility and resistance indices to AVM angioarchitectural features and hemorrhage. Records of patients with cerebral AVMs evaluated at our institution between 2007-2014 and with flows obtained before treatment using quantitative magnetic resonance angiography (QMRA) were retrospectively reviewed. Flow volume rate and flow velocity were measured in primary arterial feeders and compared to their contralateral counterparts...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Sabrina N Wyatt, Taylor Banahan, Ying Tang, Kavita Nadendla, Jeff M Szychowski, Todd R Jenkins
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine rates of dysmenorrhea after radiofrequency endometrial ablation in patients with and without known dysmenorrhea symptoms prior to the procedure in a diverse population. DESIGN: Retrospective Cohort study; DESIGN: Classification: Retrospective Cohort Study (Canadian Task Force Classification II-2); SETTING: Academic gynecology practice PATIENTS: 307 women underwent endometrial ablation from 2007 to 2013 at our institution. Patients who had preoperative and postoperative pain symptom assessments recorded as well as a description of pain timing were included...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Ji Man Hong, Yoon Hee Hong, Seong-Joon Lee, Sung Eun Lee, Jin Soo Lee, Dong Hoon Shin
To evaluate the hemodynamic contributions of collateral flow in adult patients with moyamoya disease, neurological deterioration or fluctuation during admission, Suzuki grade, various collateral routes, lesion volume, cerebral blood flow (CBF), and their associations were analyzed. Thirty patients (60 cerebral hemispheres, mean age 45 ± 25 years, and 73.3 % female) who were diagnosed with moyamoya disease or syndrome were enrolled over 3 years. Moyamoya stages from each hemisphere were stratified according to the Suzuki's criteria through six-vessel angiography into internal carotid arteries (ICAs), external carotid arteries (ECAs), and vertebral arteries (VAs)...
September 2, 2016: Neurological Sciences
Janos Varga, Richard Casaburi, Shuyi Ma, Ariel Hecht, David Hsia, Attila Somfay, Janos Porszasz
Active expiration during exercise can increase intrathoracic pressure yielding concavity in the expiratory flow-volume loop in COPD. We investigated the relationship between this concavity and dynamic hyperinflation (DH). 17 COPD patients (FEV1: 38±10%pred, GOLD stage 3-4) and 12 healthy subjects performed cycle ergometer incremental exercise. Expiratory limb of the spontaneous flow-volume loop was analyzed breath-by-breath using a geometric approach (rectangular area ratio (RAR), Respir. Med., 104(3):389-96, 2010)...
August 26, 2016: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
Or Cohen-Inbar, Zhiyuan Xu, Blair Dodson, Tanvir Rizvi, Christopher R Durst, Sugoto Mukherjee, Jason P Sheehan
The radiological detection of brain metastases (BMs) is essential for optimizing a patient's treatment. This statement is even more valid when stereotactic radiosurgery, a noninvasive image guided treatment that can target BM as small as 1-2 mm, is delivered as part of that care. The timing of image acquisition after contrast administration can influence the diagnostic sensitivity of contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for BM. Investigate the effect of time delayed acquisition after administration of intravenous Gadavist® (Gadobutrol 1 mmol/ml) on the detection of BM...
August 27, 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Liuba Soldatova, Candace Hrelec, Laura Matrka
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the results of routine spirometry and flow volume loops (Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs)) can be used to distinguish Paradoxic Vocal Fold Movement Disorder (PVFMD) from Subglottic Stenosis (SGS). METHODS: PFT records and medical history of 49 patients with diagnosis of PVFMD and 39 patients with SGS were compared. Groups were then subdivided to compare PFTs in patients with and without smoking history or lung disease. RESULTS: Peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) and Expiratory Disproportion Index (ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) over PEFR (FEV1/PEFR)) were both significantly different between patients with SGS and those with PVFMD (p<0...
August 23, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
M S Ulu, M Beker-Acay, S Ulu, E Unlu, A Bucak, G Yaman, A Altug, M S Tekin, S Oruc
OBJECTIVES: Vertebrobasilar insufficiency (VBI) is a pathology arising from the reduction in flow rate of vertebral arteries and mainly caused by inflammation and atherosclerosis. Gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) is a marker which has been recently recognized as a marker of inflammation and atherosclerosis. We aimed to investigate the relationship between GGT levels and VBI for the first time. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, of 3100 subjects who had vertebrobasilar doppler ultrasonography (VBU) were evaluated and 1042 of them who met the inclusion criterias were included...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Shigeaki Suda, Rio Konno, Hajime Kurosawa, Gen Tamura
OBJECTIVE: Because dry powder inhalers (DPI) aerosolize agents by means of inspiration of patients themselves, inspiratory resistance of DPI is an important factor for increasing inhalation efficiency. Therefore, we measured inspiratory resistance of DPI of agents for asthma control. METHODS: Using Flow/Volume Simulator, when setting flow rates at 6, 30, 60, 90, and 120L/min, we read off suction pressures and find inspiratory resistances by calculation (=suction pressure/flow rate) at each flow rate...
July 2016: Arerugī, [Allergy]
Hirokazu Sadahiro, Satoshi Shirao, Hiroshi Yoneda, Hideyuki Ishihara, Takayuki Oku, Akinori Inamura, Akiko Yamane, Kazutaka Sugimoto, Yuichi Fujiyama, Michiyasu Suzuki
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Despite intensive therapy, vasospasm remains a major cause of delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) in worsening patient outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Transcranial Doppler (TCD) and transcranial color-coded duplex sonography (TCCS) are noninvasive modalities that can be used to assess vasospasm. However, high flow velocity does not always reflect DCI. The purpose of this study was to investigate the utility of TCD/TCCS in decreasing permanent neurological deficits...
October 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Hui Fang, Xiang Yan Chen, Bo Song, Bo Cheng, Yu Ming Xu, Ka Sing Wong, Stella Sin Yee Ho
BACKGROUND: Stroke patients with carotid disease have a high risk of recurrent. By measuring cerebral blood flow volume (BFV) using extracranial duplex technique for clinical estimation of intracranial collaterals, we aimed to investigate the relationship between the presence of intracranial collaterals and stroke recurrence in stroke patients with carotid disease. METHODS: Consecutive stroke patients indicated for carotid duplex ultrasound investigations in our hospital were recruited during three years' period...
August 16, 2016: Current Neurovascular Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"