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Onabotulinum migraine

Carlo Lovati, Luca Giani, Caterina Mariotti D Alessandro, Payam Tabaee Damavandi, Claudio Mariani, Leonardo Pantoni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Neurological Sciences
Piero Barbanti, Patrizia Ferroni
Discovered by serendipity, onabotulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) is the only US Food and Drug Administration-approved treatment for the prevention of chronic migraine (CM), one of the most disabling and burdensome human conditions. Its efficacy, safety and tolerability, proved by the largest and longest migraine therapeutic trial (the Phase III Research Evaluating Migraine Prophylaxis Therapy program [PREEMPT]), have been replicated by various real-life studies also in the presence of medication overuse. The benefit of BoNT-A prophylaxis is likely due to its ability to counteract peripheral and central nociceptive sensitization through reversible chemical denervation of pericranial sensitive afferents...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
Carlo Lovati, Luca Giani
In the past few decades, the so-feared botulinum toxin has conversely acquired the role of a ever more versatile therapeutic substance, used in an increasing number of pathological situations, including chronic headache and more precisely in the prophylaxis of chronic migraine. The medical use of botulinum toxin allowed to better understand its multiple mechanisms of action. Investigations about the pathophysiology of primary and secondary headaches has shown a series of common biological elements that frequently are also targets of the action of botulinum toxin...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
Bardia Amirlak, Kyle Sanniec, Ronnie Pezeshk, Michael Chung
Migraine headaches are a debilitating disease that causes significant socioeconomic problems. One of the speculated etiologies of the generation of migraines is peripheral nerve irritation at different trigger points. The use of Onabotulinum toxin A (BOTOX), although initially a novel approach, has now been determined to be a valid treatment for chronic headaches and migraines as described in the Phase III Research Evaluating Migraine Prophylaxis Therapy trials that prompted the approval by the Food and Drug Administration for treatment of chronic migraines...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Calogera Butera, Bruno Colombo, Francesca Bianchi, Marco Cursi, Roberta Messina, Stefano Amadio, Roberta Guerriero, Giancarlo Comi, Ubaldo Del Carro
Onabotulinum toxin A (BT-A) is now one of the authorized prophylaxis treatments for chronic migraine (CM) thanks to previous clinical trials, which usually required a pharmacologic washout as a precondition for demonstrating its efficacy. Aim of our study was to assess the efficacy in daily clinical practice of BT-A injections in refractory CM patients, regardless of medication overuse without any standardized withdrawal protocol and without stopping the ongoing prophylaxis treatment as well. We treated 44 refractory CM patients (37 females and 7 males) trimonthly without any modification in symptomatic, or prophylactic drug therapy...
October 2016: Neurological Sciences
Francis X Conidi
Post-traumatic headache (migraine) is the most common symptom of concussion and traumatic brain injury. An expert opinion-based review along with a literature review (PubMed) was conducted looking at known interventional procedures for post-traumatic headache using the keywords post-traumatic headache, post-traumatic migraine headache, concussion, mild traumatic brain injury, and traumatic brain injury and the following categories: mechanism, pathophysiology, treatment, physical therapy, neurostimulation, Botox@/Onabotulinum toxin, and surgical intervention...
June 2016: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Hida Nierenburg, Lawrence C Newman
New daily persistent headache (NDPH) is an uncommon and under-recognized primary headache disorder. Clinically, NDPH may resemble migraine or tension-type headache. Unlike migraine or tension-type headaches, however, a distinguishing feature of NDPH is that the majority of patients with NDPH can pinpoint the exact date of onset of symptoms. While cases can arise de novo, in multiple reports, a viral illness precedes the onset of headache. NDPH has two temporal profiles: a self-limited form that resolves spontaneously without treatment and a refractory, persistent form in which headaches continue unabated for years...
June 2016: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
Marco Russo, Gian Camillo Manzoni, Arens Taga, Antonio Genovese, Licia Veronesi, Cesira Pasquarella, Giuliano Ezio Sansebastiano, Paola Torelli
Chronic migraine is a debilitating headache, whose treatment is often complicated by the concomitant overuse of symptomatic medication and by the poor efficacy of standard prophylactic treatments. The PREEMPT studies have demonstrated the efficacy and tolerability of onabotulinum toxin A (Botox(®)) in the treatment of this headache type. Data about its use in clinical practice are still scarce. Our study evaluated all subjects with chronic migraine who were treated with onabotulinum toxin A between February 2014 and November 2015 at the Parma Headache Centre...
July 2016: Neurological Sciences
J Fernandez Santos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Alan G Finkel
Since its discovery, Onabotulinum toxins have been tried for the treatment of various head, neck and face pain syndromes. The end result of controlled clinical trials was that there was not clear evidence for use in many of the common primary and secondary headaches. In chronic migraine, affecting 1-2% of the population, a fixed site and fixed dose treatment approach was shown to be superior to placebo and was approved for use. In this review, evidence for that use and the history leading to it is described...
December 1, 2015: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
L Grazzi, S Usai
Chronic migraine is a common and debilitating headache syndrome. Botulinum neurotoxin, a potent toxin produced by the anaerobic bacterium clostridium botulinum, used largely for treatment of disorders associated with increased muscle tone and hyperhidrosis, is used for patients suffering from chronic migraine. In this study, a group of patients suffering from chronic migraine with medication overuse was treated with onabotulinum toxin A (Botox) to verify its efficacy for chronic migraine. The results confirmed the efficacy of onabotulinum toxin A (Botox) when used at the dosage of 155 UI according to the PREEMPT protocol...
May 2015: Neurological Sciences
P Barbanti, G Egeo, L Fofi, C Aurilia, S Piroso
Chronic migraine is a severely disabling headache evolving from episodic migraine as a result of different transforming factors and characterized by atypical pain modulation and peripheral and central sensitization. Discovered by serendipity, onabotulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) represents the only drug specifically approved for CM prophylaxis. According to the dominant opinion, BoNT-A acts peripherally, impairing the exocytosis of neuropeptide and neurotransmitter and the delivery of receptors and ion channels on the cell surface of peripheral trigeminal endings, thereby indirectly reducing central sensitization...
May 2015: Neurological Sciences
Juanita A Yerry, Devon Kuehn, Alan G Finkel
OBJECTIVE: Post-traumatic headache (PTH) of the migraine type is a common complication of mild traumatic brain injury (including blast injuries) in active duty service members. Persistent and near-daily headache occur. Usual preventive medications may have unacceptable side effects. Anecdotal reports suggest that onabotulinum toxin A (OBA) might be an effective treatment in these patients. METHODS: This study is a real-time retrospective consecutive case series of all patients treated with OBA at the Concussion Care Clinic of Womack Army Medical Center, Ft...
March 2015: Headache
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