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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817520/renew-wyoming-s-answer-to-academic-progression-in-nursing
#1
Jennifer Anderson, Kathy Wells, Charlotte Mather, Mary E Burman
AIM: The aim of the study was to describe Wyoming's approach to academic progression and its projected impact. The collaborative process used to develop the shared statewide BSN curriculum is described along with recommendations. BACKGROUND: Successful educational models that address the Institute of Medicine's recommendation that 80 percent of RNs have a baccalaureate degree by 2020 face numerous challenges, especially in rural states. METHOD: ReNEW (Revolutionizing Nursing Education in Wyoming) is a creative solution designed to decrease barriers to BSN education and increase motivation through a streamlined shared curriculum building on a strong community college system and the state's one BSN program...
September 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810682/effects-of-known-determinants-on-methylene-bisphenyl-isocyanate-mdi-concentration-during-spray-on-truck-bed-lining-processes
#2
Nicholas C Schaal, William J Brazile, Katie L Finnie, James P Tiger
Background: Occupational exposure to methylene bisphenyl isocyanate (MDI) presents serious worker health concerns as it may lead to short- and long-term health effects such as asthma, airway irritation, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, and irritation of skin and mucous membranes. While studies of worker isocyanate exposures during vehicle painting activities are widespread, few studies have investigated the spray-on truck bed-liner (STBL) industry. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of several ventilation system variables and process characteristics in controlling MDI concentrations in the STBL industry...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809152/whole-genome-sequences-of-odocoileus-hemionus-deer-adenovirus-isolates-from-deer-moose-and-elk-are-highly-conserved-and-support-a-new-species-in-the-genus-atadenovirus
#3
Myrna M Miller, Todd E Cornish, Terry E Creekmore, Karen Fox, Will Laegreid, Jennifer McKenna, Marce Vasquez, Leslie W Woods
We present the first complete genome sequence of Odocoileus hemionus deer adenovirus 1 (OdAdV-1). This virus can cause sporadic haemorrhagic disease in cervids, although epizootics with high mortality have occurred in California. OdAdV-1 has been placed in the genus Atadenovirus, based on partial hexon, pVIII and fibre genes. Ten field isolates recovered from naturally infected mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginiana) and moose (Alces alces) from Wyoming, black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus columbianus) from California, and Rocky Mountain elk (Cervus elaphus nelsoni) from Colorado and Washington state were sequenced...
August 15, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796763/national-and-state-estimates-of-the-numbers-of-adults-and-children-with-active-epilepsy-united-states-2015
#4
Matthew M Zack, Rosemarie Kobau
Epilepsy, a brain disorder leading to recurring seizures, has garnered increased public health focus because persons with epilepsy experience pronounced and persistent health and socioeconomic disparities despite treatment advances, public awareness programs, and expanded rights for persons with disabilities (1,2). For almost all states, epilepsy prevalence estimates do not exist. CDC used national data sources including the 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) for adults (aged ≥18 years), the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH), and the 2015 Current Population Survey data, describing 2014 income levels, to estimate prevalent cases of active epilepsy, overall and by state, to provide information for state public health planning...
August 11, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769677/a-review-of-the-flea-genus-phalacropsylla-rothschild-1915-siphonaptera-ctenophthalmidae-neopsyllinae-phalacropsyllini-with-new-host-and-distributional-records
#5
Roxana Acosta, Michael W Hastriter
A redescription of the genus Phalacropsylla Rothschild is provided. Six species are recognized: Phalacropsylla allos Wagner, P. hamata Tipton and Mendez, P. morlani Eads and Campos, P. nivalis Barrera and Traub, P. oregonensis Lewis and Maser, and P. paradisea Rothschild. Phalacropsylla hamata is designated herein as a junior synonym of P. paradisea. The distribution of P. paradisea is more extensive than previously thought, extending from Arizona through southern Colorado, into New Mexico, Texas, and northern Mexico (State of Nuevo León)...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744700/evaluation-of-the-completeness-data-quality-and-timeliness-of-fetal-mortality-surveillance-in-wyoming-2006-2013
#6
Alexia V Harrist, Ashley Busacker, Charlan D Kroelinger
Purpose The number of fetal deaths in the United States each year exceeds that of infant deaths. High quality fetal death certificate data are necessary for states to effectively address preventable fetal deaths. We evaluated completeness of detection of fetal deaths among Wyoming residents that occur out-of-state, quality of cause-of-death data, and timeliness of Wyoming fetal death certificate registration during 2006-2013. Description The numbers of out-of-state fetal deaths among Wyoming residents recorded by Wyoming surveillance and reported by the National Vital Statistics System were compared...
July 25, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724110/coal-bed-methane-water-effects-on-soil-properties-and-camelina-productivity
#7
Henry Y Sintim, Valtcho D Zheljazkov, Michael E Foley, Roque L Evangelista
Every year, the production of coal-bed natural gas in the Powder River Basin results in the discharge of large amounts of coal-bed methane water (CBMW) in Wyoming; however, no sustainable disposal methods for CBMW are currently available. A greenhouse study was conducted to evaluate the potential to use CBMW as a source of irrigation water for camelina [ (L.) Crantz]. We assessed the effects of three CBMW concentrations (0% [1:0], 50% [1:1], and 100% [0:1] tap water to CBMW) on selected soil properties, growth, seed oil, and fatty acid composition of three camelina cultivars: Blaine Creek, Ligena, and Pronghorn...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708832/assessing-respiratory-pathogen-communities-in-bighorn-sheep-populations-sampling-realities-challenges-and-improvements
#8
Carson J Butler, William H Edwards, Jessica E Jennings-Gaines, Halcyon J Killion, Mary E Wood, Douglas E McWhirter, J Terrill Paterson, Kelly M Proffitt, Emily S Almberg, P J White, Jay J Rotella, Robert A Garrott
Respiratory disease has been a persistent problem for the recovery of bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis), but has uncertain etiology. The disease has been attributed to several bacterial pathogens including Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae and Pasteurellaceae pathogens belonging to the Mannheimia, Bibersteinia, and Pasteurella genera. We estimated detection probability for these pathogens using protocols with diagnostic tests offered by a fee-for-service laboratory and not offered by a fee-for-service laboratory. We conducted 2861 diagnostic tests on swab samples collected from 476 bighorn sheep captured across Montana and Wyoming to gain inferences regarding detection probability, pathogen prevalence, and the power of different sampling methodologies to detect pathogens in bighorn sheep populations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705156/diet-segregation-in-american-bison-bison-bison-of-yellowstone-national-park-wyoming-usa
#9
John L Berini, Catherine Badgley
BACKGROUND: Body size is a major factor in the nutritional ecology of ruminant mammals. Females, due to their smaller size and smaller rumen, have more rapid food-passage times than males and thereby require higher quality forage. Males are more efficient at converting high-fiber forage into usable energy and thus, are more concerned with quantity. American bison are sexually dimorphic and sexually segregate for the majority of their adult lives, and in Yellowstone National Park, they occur in two distinct subpopulations within the Northern and Central ranges...
July 14, 2017: BMC Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649450/the-northwest-participant-and-clinical-interactions-network-increasing-opportunities-for-patients-to-participate-in-research-across-the-northwestern-united-states
#10
Laura-Mae Baldwin, Laurie Hassell, Cindi Laukes, Michelle Doyle, Anne Reedy, Brenda Mollis, Sandra Albritton, Elizabeth Ciemins, Robert Coker, Jeannine Brant, Katherine R Tuttle, Laura Baker, Bonnie Ramsey
INTRODUCTION: The Institute of Translational Health Sciences (ITHS) promotes and supports translational research collaboration between clinicians, communities, and investigators across the five-state Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, and Idaho (WWAMI) region. The ITHS has developed a collaborative regional clinical research network, the Northwest Participant & Clinical Interactions Network (NW PCI), involving 12 diverse clinical health systems and academic institutions. METHODS: This descriptive article details NW PCI's development, infrastructure and governance, tools, characteristics, and initial outcomes...
April 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628305/variation-in-methane-emission-rates-from-well-pads-in-four-oil-and-gas-basins-with-contrasting-production-volumes-and-compositions
#11
Anna M Robertson, Rachel Edie, Dustin Snare, Jeffrey Soltis, Robert A Field, Matthew D Burkhart, Clay S Bell, Daniel Zimmerle, Shane M Murphy
Atmospheric methane emissions from active natural gas production sites in normal operation were quantified using an inverse Gaussian method (EPA's OTM 33a) in four major U.S. basins/plays: Upper Green River (UGR, Wyoming), Denver-Julesburg (DJ, Colorado), Uintah (Utah), and Fayetteville (FV, Arkansas). In DJ, Uintah, and FV, 72-83% of total measured emissions were from 20% of the well pads, while in UGR the highest 20% of emitting well pads only contributed 54% of total emissions. The total mass of methane emitted as a percent of gross methane produced, termed throughput-normalized methane average (TNMA) and determined by bootstrapping measurements from each basin, varied widely between basins and was (95% CI): 0...
July 12, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612963/the-effectiveness-of-surrogate-taxa-to-conserve-freshwater-biodiversity
#12
David R Stewart, Zachary E Underwood, Frank J Rahel, Annika W Walters
Establishing protected areas has long been an effective conservation strategy, and is often based on more readily surveyed species. The potential of any freshwater taxa to be a surrogate of other aquatic groups has not been fully explored. We compiled occurrence data on 72 species of freshwater fish, amphibians, mussels, and aquatic reptiles for the Great Plains, Wyoming. We used hierarchical Bayesian multi-species mixture models and MaxEnt models to describe species distributions, and program Zonation to identify conservation priority areas for each aquatic group...
June 14, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610279/redescription-of-i-cletocamptus-i-albuquerquensis-and-i-c-dominicanus-i-harpacticoida-canthocamptidae-i-incertae-i-i-sedis-i-and-description-of-two-new-species-from-the-us-virgin-islands-and-bonaire
#13
Samuel Gómez, Ray Gerber, Juan Manuel Fuentes-Reinés
The history surrounding the identity of Cletocamptus albuquerquensis (Herrick, 1894) and C. dominicanus Kiefer, 1934 is very complex. This complexity has been exacerbated by incomplete, and in some cases erroneous, original descriptions of these two species. Also, new records from other locations did not describe the significant characters needed to clearly delineate them. This led several authors to consider C. dominicanus as a synonym of C. albuquerquensis, among other taxonomical considerations regarding, for example, the status of Marshia brevicaudata Herrick, 1894...
May 30, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609437/shifting-brucellosis-risk-in-livestock-coincides-with-spreading-seroprevalence-in-elk
#14
Angela Brennan, Paul C Cross, Katie Portacci, Brandon M Scurlock, William H Edwards
Tracking and preventing the spillover of disease from wildlife to livestock can be difficult when rare outbreaks occur across large landscapes. In these cases, broad scale ecological studies could help identify risk factors and patterns of risk to inform management and reduce incidence of disease. Between 2002 and 2014, 21 livestock herds in the Greater Yellowstone Area (GYA) were affected by brucellosis, a bacterial disease caused by Brucella abortus, while no affected herds were detected between 1990 and 2001...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574320/using-flow-diagrams-to-improve-tobacco-cessation-programs
#15
Oliwier Dziadkowiec, Reese Jenniges
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to understand how the Wyoming Quit Tobacco Program (WQTP) is used by its subscribers and to better understand how WQTP might be connected to WQTP outcomes. Design/methodology/approach Provider intake and program use data corresponding to the May 2010 to March 2012 enrollment period ( n=6,168) were used. All program flows were constructed using frequencies and crosstabs, based on an initial theoretical model prepared by the program provider. Data were adjusted based on analysis that explored all possible uses beyond those specified by the provider's theoretical model...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569759/biogenic-non-crystalline-u-iv-revealed-as-major-component-in-uranium-ore-deposits
#16
Amrita Bhattacharyya, Kate M Campbell, Shelly D Kelly, Yvonne Roebbert, Stefan Weyer, Rizlan Bernier-Latmani, Thomas Borch
Historically, it is believed that crystalline uraninite, produced via the abiotic reduction of hexavalent uranium (U((VI))) is the dominant reduced U species formed in low-temperature uranium roll-front ore deposits. Here we show that non-crystalline U((IV)) generated through biologically mediated U((VI)) reduction is the predominant U((IV)) species in an undisturbed U roll-front ore deposit in Wyoming, USA. Characterization of U species revealed that the majority (∼58-89%) of U is bound as U((IV)) to C-containing organic functional groups or inorganic carbonate, while uraninite and U((VI)) represent only minor components...
June 1, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542063/drivers-motivating-community-health-improvement-plan-completion-by-local-public-health-agencies-and-community-partners-in-the-rocky-mountain-region-and-western-plains
#17
Anne Hill, Holly J Wolf, Elaine Scallan, Jenny Case, Yvonne Kellar-Guenther
CONTEXT: There are numerous drivers that motivate completion of community health improvement plans (CHIPs). Some are more obvious and include voluntary public health accreditation, state requirements, federal and state funding, and nonprofit hospital requirements through IRS regulations. Less is known about other drivers, including involvement of diverse partners and belief in best practices, that may motivate CHIP completion. OBJECTIVE: This research investigated the drivers that motivated CHIP completion based on experiences of 51 local public health agencies (LPHAs)...
July 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520757/predicting-above-ground-density-and-distribution-of-small-mammal-prey-species-at-large-spatial-scales
#18
Lucretia E Olson, John R Squires, Robert J Oakleaf, Zachary P Wallace, Patricia L Kennedy
Grassland and shrub-steppe ecosystems are increasingly threatened by anthropogenic activities. Loss of native habitats may negatively impact important small mammal prey species. Little information, however, is available on the impact of habitat variability on density of small mammal prey species at broad spatial scales. We examined the relationship between small mammal density and remotely-sensed environmental covariates in shrub-steppe and grassland ecosystems in Wyoming, USA. We sampled four sciurid and leporid species groups using line transect methods, and used hierarchical distance-sampling to model density in response to variation in vegetation, climate, topographic, and anthropogenic variables, while accounting for variation in detection probability...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520490/disparities-in-disability-by-educational-attainment-across-us-states
#19
Jennifer Karas Montez, Anna Zajacova, Mark D Hayward
OBJECTIVES: To examine how disparities in adult disability by educational attainment vary across US states. METHODS: We used the nationally representative data of more than 6 million adults aged 45 to 89 years in the 2010-2014 American Community Survey. We defined disability as difficulty with activities of daily living. We categorized education as low (less than high school), mid (high school or some college), or high (bachelor's or higher). We estimated age-standardized disability prevalence by educational attainment and state...
July 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481167/impact-of-a-mobile-health-application-on-user-engagement-and-pregnancy-outcomes-among-wyoming-medicaid-members
#20
James Bush, Dilek E Barlow, Jennie Echols, Jasmine Wilkerson, Katherine Bellevin
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and birth outcomes are a critical area of healthcare, yet negative outcomes like C-sections and preterm births remain widespread. Studies show that early and ongoing prenatal care can improve outcomes; however, in-person care is difficult to deliver in rural areas. This article examines the impact of mobile health technology on user engagement and birth outcomes in a Wyoming pilot study. The pilot did face some limitations; namely, the small app user group size and scant demographic information collected from users...
May 8, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
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