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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542063/drivers-motivating-community-health-improvement-plan-completion-by-local-public-health-agencies-and-community-partners-in-the-rocky-mountain-region-and-western-plains
#1
Anne Hill, Holly J Wolf, Elaine Scallan, Jenny Case, Yvonne Kellar-Guenther
CONTEXT: There are numerous drivers that motivate completion of community health improvement plans (CHIPs). Some are more obvious and include voluntary public health accreditation, state requirements, federal and state funding, and nonprofit hospital requirements through IRS regulations. Less is known about other drivers, including involvement of diverse partners and belief in best practices, that may motivate CHIP completion. OBJECTIVE: This research investigated the drivers that motivated CHIP completion based on experiences of 51 local public health agencies (LPHAs)...
July 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520757/predicting-above-ground-density-and-distribution-of-small-mammal-prey-species-at-large-spatial-scales
#2
Lucretia E Olson, John R Squires, Robert J Oakleaf, Zachary P Wallace, Patricia L Kennedy
Grassland and shrub-steppe ecosystems are increasingly threatened by anthropogenic activities. Loss of native habitats may negatively impact important small mammal prey species. Little information, however, is available on the impact of habitat variability on density of small mammal prey species at broad spatial scales. We examined the relationship between small mammal density and remotely-sensed environmental covariates in shrub-steppe and grassland ecosystems in Wyoming, USA. We sampled four sciurid and leporid species groups using line transect methods, and used hierarchical distance-sampling to model density in response to variation in vegetation, climate, topographic, and anthropogenic variables, while accounting for variation in detection probability...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520490/contextualizing-the-social-determinants-of-health-disparities-in-disability-by-educational-attainment-across-us-states
#3
Jennifer Karas Montez, Anna Zajacova, Mark D Hayward
OBJECTIVES: To examine how disparities in adult disability by educational attainment vary across US states. METHODS: We used the nationally representative data of more than 6 million adults aged 45 to 89 years in the 2010-2014 American Community Survey. We defined disability as difficulty with activities of daily living. We categorized education as low (less than high school), mid (high school or some college), or high (bachelor's or higher). We estimated age-standardized disability prevalence by educational attainment and state...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481167/impact-of-a-mobile-health-application-on-user-engagement-and-pregnancy-outcomes-among-wyoming-medicaid-members
#4
James Bush, Dilek E Barlow, Jennie Echols, Jasmine Wilkerson, Katherine Bellevin
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and birth outcomes are a critical area of healthcare, yet negative outcomes like C-sections and preterm births remain widespread. Studies show that early and ongoing prenatal care can improve outcomes; however, in-person care is difficult to deliver in rural areas. This article examines the impact of mobile health technology on user engagement and birth outcomes in a Wyoming pilot study. The pilot did face some limitations; namely, the small app user group size and scant demographic information collected from users...
May 8, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480132/osteology-of-galeamopus-pabsti-sp-nov-sauropoda-diplodocidae-with-implications-for-neurocentral-closure-timing-and-the-cervico-dorsal-transition-in-diplodocids
#5
Emanuel Tschopp, Octávio Mateus
Diplodocids are among the best known sauropod dinosaurs. Numerous specimens of currently 15 accepted species belonging to ten genera have been reported from the Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous of North and South America, Europe, and Africa. The highest diversity is known from the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation of the western United States: a recent review recognized 12 valid, named species, and possibly three additional, yet unnamed ones. One of these is herein described in detail and referred to the genus Galeamopus...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467751/rabies-surveillance-in-the-united-states-during-2015
#6
Meseret G Birhane, Julie M Cleaton, Ben P Monroe, Ashutosh Wadhwa, Lillian A Orciari, Pamela Yager, Jesse Blanton, Andres Velasco-Villa, Brett W Petersen, Ryan M Wallace
OBJECTIVE To describe rabies and rabies-related events occurring during 2015 in the United States. DESIGN Observational study based on passive surveillance data. ANIMALS All animals submitted for rabies testing in the United States during 2015. PROCEDURES State and territorial public health programs provided data on animals submitted for rabies testing in 2015. Data were analyzed temporally and geographically to assess trends in domestic and sylvatic animal rabies cases. RESULTS During 2015, 50 states and Puerto Rico reported 5,508 rabid animals to the CDC, representing an 8...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438815/wyoming-pharmacists-help-homeless-manage-their-medications
#7
Kate Traynor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410009/studies-in-the-antrodia-serialis-group-polyporales-basidiomycota
#8
Viacheslav Spirin, Josef Vlasák, Otto Miettinen
Taxonomy and phylogeny of the Antrodia serialis group are revised with morphological, ecological, and geographic data, partial translation elongation factor 1-α (tef1) gene sequences, and nuc rDNA ITS1-5.8S-ITS2-28S sequences. The group contains 13 species found in boreal and temperate zones of the Northern Hemisphere. The species are limited to certain geographic areas within Eurasia and North America. The traditional morphology-based concept of A. serialis covers at least four closely related species: A...
March 1, 2017: Mycologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375598/reassessment-of-the-upper-fremont-glacier-ice-core-chronologies-by-synchronizing-of-ice-core-water-isotopes-to-a-nearby-tree-ring-chronology
#9
Nathan Chellman, Joseph R McConnell, Monica Arienzo, Gregory T Pederson, Sarah M Aarons, Adam Csank
The Upper Fremont Glacier (UFG), Wyoming, is one of the few continental glaciers in the contiguous United States known to preserve environmental and climate records spanning recent centuries. A pair of ice cores taken from UFG have been studied extensively to document changes in climate and industrial pollution (most notably, mid-19th century increases in mercury pollution). Fundamental to these studies is the chronology used to map ice-core depth to age. Here, we present a revised chronology for the UFG ice cores based on new measurements and using a novel dating approach of synchronizing continuous water isotope measurements to a nearby tree-ring chronology...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345055/earthquake-rupture-below-the-brittle-ductile-transition-in-continental-lithospheric-mantle
#10
Germán A Prieto, Bérénice Froment, Chunquan Yu, Piero Poli, Rachel Abercrombie
Earthquakes deep in the continental lithosphere are rare and hard to interpret in our current understanding of temperature control on brittle failure. The recent lithospheric mantle earthquake with a moment magnitude of 4.8 at a depth of ~75 km in the Wyoming Craton was exceptionally well recorded and thus enabled us to probe the cause of these unusual earthquakes. On the basis of complete earthquake energy balance estimates using broadband waveforms and temperature estimates using surface heat flow and shear wave velocities, we argue that this earthquake occurred in response to ductile deformation at temperatures above 750°C...
March 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334100/an-organismal-concept-for-sengelia-radicans-gen-et-sp-nov-morphology-and-natural-history-of-an-early-devonian-lycophyte
#11
Kelly K S Matsunaga, Alexandru M F Tomescu
Background and Aims: Fossil plants are found as fragmentary remains and understanding them as natural species requires assembly of whole-organism concepts that integrate different plant parts. Such concepts are essential for incorporating fossils in hypotheses of plant evolution and phylogeny. Plants of the Early Devonian are crucial to reconstructing the initial radiation of tracheophytes, yet few are understood as whole organisms. Methods: This study assembles a whole-plant concept for the Early Devonian lycophyte Sengelia radicans gen...
February 20, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329422/patterns-in-greater-sage-grouse-population-dynamics-correspond-with-public-grazing-records-at-broad-scales
#12
Adrian P Monroe, Cameron L Aldridge, Timothy J Assal, Kari E Veblen, David A Pyke, Michael L Casazza
Human land use, such as livestock grazing, can have profound yet varied effects on wildlife interacting within common ecosystems, yet our understanding of land-use effects is often generalized from short-term, local studies that may not correspond with trends at broader scales. Here we used public land records to characterize livestock grazing across Wyoming, USA, and we used Greater Sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) as a model organism to evaluate responses to livestock management. With annual counts of male Sage-grouse from 743 leks (breeding display sites) during 2004-2014, we modeled population trends in response to grazing level (represented by a relative grazing index) and timing across a gradient in vegetation productivity as measured by the Normalized Vegetation Difference Index (NDVI)...
March 22, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314144/hydrophobicity-and-polymer-compatibility-of-poss-modified-wyoming-na-montmorillonite-for-developing-polymer-clay-nanocomposites
#13
Rustam Hojiyev, Yusuf Ulcay, Mirabbos Hojamberdiev, Mehmet S Çelik, William M Carty
The aim of the present work was to investigate the hydrophobicity and polymer compatibility of aminopropylisooctyl polyhedral oligomeric silsequioxane (POSS) - modified Na-montmorillonite (Na-MMT) towards developing polymer-clay nanocomposites. The effect of different concentrations of POSS on properties of Na-MMT was studied. The intercalation ability of the POSS molecules into the Na-MMT interlayer was analyzed by X-ray diffraction. It was found that the d001 value was increased with increasing the POSS concentration, indicating the successful intercalation of the POSS molecules into the Na-MMT interlayer...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263254/aerobic-exercise-prescription-in-stroke-rehabilitation-a-web-based-survey-of-us-physical-therapists
#14
Pierce Boyne, Sandra Billinger, Marilyn MacKay-Lyons, Brian Barney, Jane Khoury, Kari Dunning
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Best practice recommendations indicate that aerobic exercise (AEX) should be incorporated into stroke rehabilitation. However, this may be challenging in clinical settings. The purpose of this study was to assess physical therapist (PT) AEX prescription for patients with stroke, including AEX utilization, barriers to AEX prescription, dosing parameters, and safety considerations. METHODS: A cross-sectional Web-based survey study was conducted...
April 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182605/assisted-reproductive-technology-surveillance-united-states-2014
#15
Saswati Sunderam, Dmitry M Kissin, Sara B Crawford, Suzanne G Folger, Denise J Jamieson, Lee Warner, Wanda D Barfield
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Since the first U.S. infant conceived with assisted reproductive technology (ART) was born in 1981, both the use of ART and the number of fertility clinics providing ART services have increased steadily in the United States. ART includes fertility treatments in which eggs or embryos are handled in the laboratory (i.e., in vitro fertilization [IVF] and related procedures). Women who undergo ART procedures are more likely than women who conceive naturally to deliver multiple-birth infants...
February 10, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174736/paths-to-gi-research-in-the-wild-west-tales-from-wyoming
#16
EDITORIAL
Kristopher D Parker, Jason P Gigley, Naomi L Ward
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145053/challenging-terrestrial-biosphere-models-with-data-from-the-long-term-multifactor-prairie-heating-and-co2-enrichment-experiment
#17
Martin G de Kauwe, Belinda E Medlyn, Anthony P Walker, Sönke Zaehle, Shinichi Asao, Bertrand Guenet, Anna B Harper, Thomas Hickler, Atul K Jain, Yiqi Luo, Xingjie Lu, Kristina Luus, William J Parton, Shijie Shu, Ying-Ping Wang, Christian Werner, Jianyang Xia, Elise Pendall, Jack A Morgan, Edmund M Ryan, Yolima Carrillo, Feike A Dijkstra, Tamara J Zelikova, Richard J Norby
Multifactor experiments are often advocated as important for advancing terrestrial biosphere models (TBMs), yet to date, such models have only been tested against single-factor experiments. We applied 10 TBMs to the multifactor Prairie Heating and CO2 Enrichment (PHACE) experiment in Wyoming, USA. Our goals were to investigate how multifactor experiments can be used to constrain models and to identify a road map for model improvement. We found models performed poorly in ambient conditions; there was a wide spread in simulated above-ground net primary productivity (range: 31-390 g C m(-2)  yr(-1) )...
February 1, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144628/de-novo-generation-of-a-unique-cervid-prion-strain-using-protein-misfolding-cyclic-amplification
#18
Crystal Meyerett-Reid, A Christy Wyckoff, Terry Spraker, Bruce Pulford, Heather Bender, Mark D Zabel
Substantial evidence supports the hypothesis that prions are misfolded, infectious, insoluble, and protease-resistant proteins (PrP(RES)) devoid of instructional nucleic acid that cause transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs). Protein misfolding cyclic amplification (PMCA) has provided additional evidence that PrPRes acts as a template that can convert the normal cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) present in uninfected normal brain homogenate (NBH) into the infectious misfolded PrP(RES) isoform. Human PrP(C) has been shown to spontaneously convert to a misfolded pathological state causing sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD)...
January 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133565/detailed-anatomy-of-the-braincase-of-macelognathus-vagans-marsh-1884-archosauria-crocodylomorpha-using-high-resolution-tomography-and-new-insights-on-basal-crocodylomorph-phylogeny
#19
Juan Martin Leardi, Diego Pol, James Matthew Clark
BACKGROUND: Macelognathus vagans Marsh, 1884 from the Late Jurassic Morrison Fm. of Wyoming was originally described as a dinosaur by Marsh and in 1971 Ostrom suggested crocodilian affinities. In 2005, Göhlich and collaborators identified new material of this species from Colorado as a basal crocodylomorph. However, a partial skull found in association with mandibular and postcranial remains was not described. METHODS: Due to the small size and delicate structures within the braincase, micro CT studies were performed on this specimen...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118557/brucellosis-transmission-between-wildlife-and-livestock-in-the-greater-yellowstone-ecosystem-inferences-from-dna-genotyping
#20
Michael P O'Brien, Albano Beja-Pereira, Neil Anderson, Ruben M Ceballos, William H Edwards, Beth Harris, Rick L Wallen, Vânia Costa
The wildlife of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem carries brucellosis, which was first introduced to the area by cattle in the 19th century. Brucellosis transmission between wildlife and livestock has been difficult to study due to challenges in culturing the causative agent, Brucella abortus . We examined B. abortus transmission between American bison ( Bison bison ), Rocky Mountain elk ( Cervus elaphus nelsoni), and cattle ( Bos taurus ) using variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) markers on DNA from 98 B...
April 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
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