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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896562/characterization-of-isolates-of-equine-infectious-anemia-virus-in-brazil
#1
Dellane Martins Tigre, Camila Fonseca Lopes Brandão, Fabiana Lopes de Paula, Fabio Alexandre Chinalia, Gubio Soares Campos, Silvia Ines Sardi
Equine infectious anemia is an important infectious disease that affects equids worldwide. Control of the disease is currently based on detection of anti-p26 EIAV by Agar Gel Immunodiffusion (AGID). In this work, 62 animals were examined by AGID and nested-PCR using primers for the gag gene. Fifty-three samples (85.5%) were positive by nested-PCR, whereas only 33 samples (53%) were positive for AGID. Fifteen amplicons obtained by nested-PCR were sequenced and the aligned results subjected to phylogenetic analysis...
November 28, 2016: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826693/effectiveness-of-wyoming-s-sage-grouse-core-areas-influences-on-energy-development-and-male-lek-attendance
#2
R Scott Gamo, Jeffrey L Beck
Greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) populations have declined across their range due to human-assisted factors driving large-scale habitat change. In response, the state of Wyoming implemented the Sage-grouse Executive Order protection policy in 2008 as a voluntary regulatory mechanism to minimize anthropogenic disturbance within defined sage-grouse core population areas. Our objectives were to evaluate areas designated as Sage-grouse Executive Order Core Areas on: (1) oil and gas well pad development, and (2) peak male lek attendance in core and non-core sage-grouse populations...
November 8, 2016: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821739/spatial-variability-in-tree-regeneration-after-wildfire-delays-and-dampens-future-bark-beetle-outbreaks
#3
Rupert Seidl, Daniel C Donato, Kenneth F Raffa, Monica G Turner
Climate change is altering the frequency and severity of forest disturbances such as wildfires and bark beetle outbreaks, thereby increasing the potential for sequential disturbances to interact. Interactions can amplify or dampen disturbances, yet the direction and magnitude of future disturbance interactions are difficult to anticipate because underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. We tested how variability in postfire forest development affects future susceptibility to bark beetle outbreaks, focusing on mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) and Douglas-fir beetle (Dendroctonus pseudotsugae) in forests regenerating from the large high-severity fires that affected Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming in 1988...
November 15, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811667/the-harvestman-genus-taracus-simon-1879-and-the-new-genus-oskoron%C3%A2-opiliones-ischyropsalidoidea-taracidae
#4
William A Shear, Joseph G Warfel
The ischyropsalidoid genus Taracus Simon 1879 is reviewed and all previously named species are redescribed. Taracus nigripes Goodnight & Goodnight, 1943 is synonymized with T. packardi Simon 1879, and T. malkini Goodnight & Goodnight 1945 with Oskoron spinosus (Banks) 1894; the type locality of T. gertschi Goodnight & Goodnight 1942 is corrected from "eastern Oregon" to Rose Lake, Idaho, based on original labelling. The following new species of Taracus are described: T. carmanah (Vancouver Island), T. marchingtoni (Oregon), T...
November 1, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787491/gastrointestinal-illness-associated-with-rancid-tortilla-chips-at-a-correctional-facility-wyoming-2015
#5
Tiffany Lupcho, Alexia Harrist, Clay Van Houten
On October 12, 2015, a county health department notified the Wyoming Department of Health of an outbreak of gastrointestinal illness among residents and staff members at a local correctional facility. The majority of ill persons reported onset of symptoms within 1-3 hours after eating lunch served at the facility cafeteria at noon on October 11. Residents and staff members reported that tortilla chips served at the lunch tasted and smelled like chemicals. The Wyoming Department of Health and county health department personnel conducted case-control studies to identify the outbreak source...
October 28, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715355/state-level-medical-and-absenteeism-cost-of-asthma-in-the-united-states
#6
Tursynbek Nurmagambetov, Olga Khavjou, Louise Murphy, Diane Orenstein
OBJECTIVE: For medically treated asthma, we estimated prevalence, medical and absenteeism costs, and projected medical costs from 2015 to 2020 for the entire population and separately for children in the 50 US states and District of Columbia (DC) using the most recently available data. METHODS: We used multiple data sources, including the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, Kaiser Family Foundation, Medical Statistical Information System, and Current Population Survey...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711208/modeled-impacts-of-chronic-wasting-disease-on-white-tailed-deer-in-a-semi-arid-environment
#7
Aaron M Foley, David G Hewitt, Charles A DeYoung, Randy W DeYoung, Matthew J Schnupp
White-tailed deer are a culturally and economically important game species in North America, especially in South Texas. The recent discovery of chronic wasting disease (CWD) in captive deer facilities in Texas has increased concern about the potential emergence of CWD in free-ranging deer. The concern is exacerbated because much of the South Texas region is a semi-arid environment with variable rainfall, where precipitation is strongly correlated with fawn recruitment. Further, the marginally productive rangelands, in combination with erratic fawn recruitment, results in populations that are frequently density-independent, and thus sensitive to additive mortality...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711031/state-specific-prevalence-of-current-cigarette-smoking-and-smokeless-tobacco-use-among-adults-united-states-2014
#8
Kimberly H Nguyen, LaTisha Marshall, Susan Brown, Linda Neff
Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States, resulting in approximately 480,000 premature deaths and more than $300 billion in direct health care expenditures and productivity losses each year (1). In recent years, cigarette smoking prevalence has declined in many states; however, there has been relatively little change in the prevalence of current smokeless tobacco use or concurrent use of cigarettes and smokeless tobacco in most states, and in some states prevalence has increased (2)...
October 7, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696861/comment-on-impact-to-underground-sources-of-drinking-water-and-domestic-wells-from-production-well-stimulation-and-completion-practices-in-the-pavillion-wyoming-field
#9
John A Connor, Kenneth Walker, Lisa Molofsky, Ernesto Baca, Elaine Gie, Thomas McHugh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696860/response-to-comment-on-impact-to-underground-sources-of-drinking-water-and-domestic-wells-from-production-well-stimulation-and-completion-practices-in-the-pavillion-wyoming-field
#10
Dominic C DiGiulio, Robert B Jackson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690193/how-respiratory-pathogens-contribute-to-lamb-mortality-in-a-poorly-performing-bighorn-sheep-ovis-canadensis-herd
#11
Mary E Wood, Karen A Fox, Jessica Jennings-Gaines, Halcyon J Killion, Sierra Amundson, Michael W Miller, William H Edwards
We evaluated bighorn sheep ( Ovis canadensis ) ewes and their lambs in captivity to examine the sources and roles of respiratory pathogens causing lamb mortality in a poorly performing herd. After seven consecutive years of observed December recruitments of <10%, a remnant herd of 13 adult female bighorn sheep from the Gribbles Park herd in Colorado were captured and transported to the Thorne-Williams Wildlife Research Center in Wyoming in March 2013. Ewes were sampled repeatedly over 16 mo. In April 2014, ewes were separated into individual pens prior to lambing...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660373/managing-more-than-the-mean-using-quantile-regression-to-identify-factors-related-to-large-elk-groups
#12
Angela Brennan, Paul C Cross, Scott Creel
Animal group size distributions are often right-skewed, whereby most groups are small, but most individuals occur in larger groups that may also disproportionately affect ecology and policy. In this case, examining covariates associated with upper quantiles of the group size distribution could facilitate better understanding and management of large animal groups.We studied wintering elk groups in Wyoming, where group sizes span several orders of magnitude, and issues of disease, predation and property damage are affected by larger group sizes...
December 2015: Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650580/first-virtual-endocasts-of-adapiform-primates
#13
Arianna R Harrington, Mary T Silcox, Gabriel S Yapuncich, Doug M Boyer, Jonathan I Bloch
Well-preserved crania of notharctine adapiforms from the Eocene of North America provide the best direct evidence available for inferring neuroanatomy and encephalization in early euprimates (crown primates). Virtual endocasts of the notharctines Notharctus tenebrosus (n = 3) and Smilodectes gracilis (n = 4) from the middle Eocene Bridger formation of Wyoming, and the late Eocene European adapid adapiform Adapis parisiensis (n = 1), were reconstructed from high-resolution X-ray computed tomography (CT) data...
October 2016: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613790/primary-care-patients-willingness-to-participate-in-comprehensive-weight-loss-programs-from-the-wwami-region-practice-and-research-network
#14
Allison M Cole, Gina A Keppel, Holly A Andrilla, Carie M Cox, Laura-Mae Baldwin
PURPOSE: In the United States, 69% of adults are overweight or obese, as defined by a body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m(2). The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends screening all adult patients for obesity and referring obese patients to intensive, multicomponent behavioral weight loss programs comprising 12 to 26 yearly sessions. The objective of this study is to determine the degree to which overweight and obese primary care patients report willingness to participate in these intensive weight loss programs and to identify the patient factors associated with reported willingness to participate...
September 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611366/ruminal-expression-of-the-nqo1-rgs5-and-acat1-genes-may-be-indicators-of-feed-efficiency-in-beef-steers
#15
R J Kern, C M Zarek, A K Lindholm-Perry, L A Kuehn, W M Snelling, H C Freetly, H C Cunningham, A M Meyer
Ruminal genes differentially expressed in crossbred beef steers from USMARC with variation in gain and feed intake were identified in a previous study. Several of the genes identified with expression patterns differing between animals with high gain-low feed intake and low gain-high feed intake were evaluated in a separate, unrelated population of Angus × Hereford beef steers from the University of Wyoming that was classified to differ in residual feed intake (RFI). Of the 17 genes tested, two were differentially expressed by RFI class in the Angus × Hereford animals...
September 9, 2016: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607724/airborne-compact-rotational-raman-lidar-for-temperature-measurement
#16
Decheng Wu, Zhien Wang, Perry Wechsler, Nick Mahon, Min Deng, Brent Glover, Matthew Burkhart, William Kuestner, Ben Heesen
We developed an airborne compact rotational Raman lidar (CRL) for use on the University of Wyoming King Air (UWKA) aircraft to obtain two-dimensional (2D) temperature disman tributions. It obtained fine-scale 2D temperature distributions within 3 km below the aircraft for the first time during the PECAN (Plains Elevated Convection At Night) campaign in 2015. The CRL provided nighttime temperature measurements with a random error of <0.5 K within 800 m below aircraft at 45 m vertical and 1000 m horizontal resolution...
September 5, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580644/virtual-endocast-of-the-early-oligocene-cedromus-wilsoni-cedromurinae-and-brain-evolution-in-squirrels
#17
Ornella C Bertrand, Farrah Amador-Mughal, Mary T Silcox
Extant squirrels exhibit extensive variation in brain size and shape, but published endocranial data for living squirrels are limited, and no study has ever examined brain evolution in Sciuridae from the perspective of the fossil record to understand how this diversity emerged. We describe the first virtual endocast for a fossil sciurid, Cedromus wilsoni, which is known from a complete cranium from Wyoming (Orellan, Oligocene), and make comparisons to a diverse sample of virtual endocasts for living sciurids (N = 20)...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551378/genetic-reconstruction-of-a-bullfrog-invasion-to-elucidate-vectors-of-introduction-and-secondary-spread
#18
Pauline L Kamath, Adam J Sepulveda, Megan Layhee
Reconstructing historical colonization pathways of an invasive species is critical for uncovering factors that determine invasion success and for designing management strategies. The American bullfrog (Lithobates catesbeianus) is endemic to eastern North America, but now has a global distribution and is considered to be one of the worst invaders in the world. In Montana, several introduced populations have been reported, but little is known of their sources and vectors of introduction and secondary spread. We evaluated the genetic composition of introduced populations at local (Yellowstone River floodplain) and regional (Montana and Wyoming) scales in contrast to native range populations...
August 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540829/a-faceoff-with-hazardous-noise-noise-exposure-and-hearing-threshold-shifts-of-indoor-hockey-officials
#19
Karin L Adams, William J Brazile
Noise exposure and hearing thresholds of indoor hockey officials of the Western States Hockey League were measured to assess the impact of hockey game noise on hearing sensitivity. Twenty-nine hockey officials who officiated the league in an arena in southeastern Wyoming in October, November and December 2014 participated in the study. Personal noise dosimetry was conducted to determine if officials were exposed to an equivalent sound pressure level greater than 85 dBA. Hearing thresholds were measured before and after hockey games to determine if a 10 dB or greater temporary threshold shift in hearing occurred...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515024/does-wyoming-s-core-area-policy-protect-winter-habitats-for-greater-sage-grouse
#20
Kurt T Smith, Jeffrey L Beck, Aaron C Pratt
Conservation reserves established to protect important habitat for wildlife species are used world-wide as a wildlife conservation measure. Effective reserves must adequately protect year-round habitats to maintain wildlife populations. Wyoming's Sage-Grouse Core Area policy was established to protect breeding habitats for greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus). Protecting only one important seasonal habitat could result in loss or degradation of other important habitats and potential declines in local populations...
October 2016: Environmental Management
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