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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678426/geographic-distribution-of-hand-surgeons-throughout-the-united-states
#1
REVIEW
Evan D Baron, Kevin F Lutsky, Mitchell Maltenfort, Pedro Beredjiklian
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the geographic distribution of hand surgeons in the United States. We assessed the states and congressional districts (CDs) for optimal numbers of surgeons, determined whether there is an even distribution, and identified factors influencing practice location. Hand surgeon practice location data from the American Association for Hand Surgery and American Society for Surgery of the Hand (2015) and both state and CD population data from the US Census (2014) were assessed...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667513/a-survey-of-valleys-and-basins-of-the-western-usa-for-the-capacity-to-produce-winter-ozone
#2
Marc L Mansfield, Courtney F Hall
High winter ozone in the Uintah Basin, Utah, and the Upper Green River Basin, Wyoming, occurs because of the confluence of three separate factors: (1) extensive oil or natural gas production, (2) topography conducive to strong multi-day thermal inversions, and (3) snow cover. We surveyed 13 basins and valleys in the western USA for the existence and magnitude of these factors. Seven of the basins, because winter ozone measurements were available, were assigned to four different behavioral classes. Based on similarities among the basins, the remaining six were also given a tentative assignment...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664190/child-marriage-in-the-united-states-how-common-is-the-practice-and-which-children-are-at-greatest-risk
#3
Alissa Koski, Jody Heymann
CONTEXT: Marriage before the age of 18, commonly referred to as child marriage, is legal under varying conditions across the United States. The prevalence of child marriage among recent cohorts is unknown. METHODS: American Community Survey data for 2010-2014 were used to estimate the average national and state-level proportions of children who had ever been married. Prevalence was calculated by gender, race and ethnicity, and birthplace, and the living arrangements of currently married children were examined...
April 17, 2018: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623359/endocrine-disrupting-activities-and-organic-contaminants-associated-with-oil-and-gas-operations-in-wyoming-groundwater
#4
Christopher D Kassotis, Danh C Vu, Phuc H Vo, Chung-Ho Lin, Jennifer N Cornelius-Green, Sharyle Patton, Susan C Nagel
Unconventional oil and natural gas (UOG) operations couple horizontal drilling with hydraulic fracturing to access previously inaccessible fossil fuel deposits. Hydraulic fracturing, a common form of stimulation, involves the high-pressure injection of water, chemicals, and sand to fracture the target layer and release trapped natural gas and/or oil. Spills and/or discharges of wastewater have been shown to impact surface, ground, and drinking water. The goals of this study were to characterize the endocrine activities and measure select organic contaminants in groundwater from conventional oil and gas (COG) and UOG production regions of Wyoming...
April 5, 2018: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617847/firm-efficiency-and-returns-to-scale-in-the-honey-bee-pollination-services-industry
#5
Chian Jones Ritten, Dannele Peck, Mariah Ehmke, M A Buddhika Patalee
While the demand for pollination services have been increasing, continued declines in honey bee, Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae), colonies have put the cropping sector and the broader health of agro-ecosystems at risk. Economic factors may play a role in dwindling honey bee colony supply in the United States, but have not been extensively studied. Using data envelopment analysis (DEA), we measure technical efficiency, returns to scale, and factors influencing the efficiency of those apiaries in the northern Rocky Mountain region participating in the pollination services market...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617186/determining-raptor-species-and-tissue-sensitivity-for-improved-west-nile-virus-surveillance
#6
Kendall L Kritzik, Gail Kratz, Nicholas A Panella, Kristen Burkhalter, Rebecca J Clark, Brad J Biggerstaff, Nicholas Komar
  Raptors are a target sentinel species for West Nile virus (WNV) because many are susceptible to WNV disease, they are easily sighted because of their large size, and they often occupy territories near human settlements. Sick and dead raptors accumulate at raptor and wildlife rehabilitation clinics. However, investigations into species selection and specimen type for efficient detection of WNV are lacking. Accordingly, we evaluated dead raptors from north-central Colorado and SE Wyoming over a 4-yr period...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580185/assessing-occupational-erionite-and-respirable-crystalline-silica-exposure-among-outdoor-workers-in-wyoming-south-dakota-and-montana
#7
Catherine Beaucham, Bradley King, Karl Feldmann, Martin Harper, Alan Dozier
Erionite is a naturally occurring fibrous mineral found in many parts of the world, including the western United States. Inhalational exposure to erionite fibers in some localities is associated with health effects similar to those caused by asbestos exposure, including malignant mesothelioma. Therefore, there is concern regarding occupational exposures in the western United States. Currently there are no standard sampling and analytical methods for airborne erionite fibers, as well as no established occupational exposure limits...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567375/on-the-use-of-total-aerobic-spore-bacteria-to-make-treatment-decisions-due-to-cryptosporidium-risk-at-public-water-system-wells
#8
Philip Berger, Michael J Messner, Jake Crosby, Deborah Vacs Renwick, Austin Heinrich
Spore reduction can be used as a surrogate measure of Cryptosporidium natural filtration efficiency. Estimates of log10 (log) reduction were derived from spore measurements in paired surface and well water samples in Casper Wyoming and Kearney Nebraska. We found that these data were suitable for testing the hypothesis (H0 ) that the average reduction at each site was 2 log or less, using a one-sided Student's t-test. After establishing data quality objectives for the test (expressed as tolerable Type I and Type II error rates), we evaluated the test's performance as a function of the (a) true log reduction, (b) number of paired samples assayed and (c) variance of observed log reductions...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543789/notes-from-the-field-assessing-rabies-risk-after-a-mass-bat-exposure-at-a-research-facility-in-a-national-park-wyoming-2017
#9
Andrea Cote, Sarah Anne J Guagliardo, Cuc H Tran, Maria A Said, Veronica Pickens, Karl Musgrave, Ryan Wallace
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531148/winter-feeding-of-elk-in-the-greater-yellowstone-ecosystem-and-its-effects-on-disease-dynamics
#10
REVIEW
Gavin G Cotterill, Paul C Cross, Eric K Cole, Rebecca K Fuda, Jared D Rogerson, Brandon M Scurlock, Johan T du Toit
Providing food to wildlife during periods when natural food is limited results in aggregations that may facilitate disease transmission. This is exemplified in western Wyoming where institutional feeding over the past century has aimed to mitigate wildlife-livestock conflict and minimize winter mortality of elk ( Cervus canadensis ). Here we review research across 23 winter feedgrounds where the most studied disease is brucellosis, caused by the bacterium Brucella abortus Traditional veterinary practices (vaccination, test-and-slaughter) have thus far been unable to control this disease in elk, which can spill over to cattle...
May 5, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529172/prescription-of-high-risk-medications-among-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-washington-wyoming-alaska-montana-and-idaho-region-practice-and-research-network
#11
Janelle Guirguis-Blake, Gina A Keppel, John Holmes, Rex W Force, William Kriegsman, Laura-Mae Baldwin
Background: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at high risk for adverse drug events related to medication dosing errors and prescriptions for relatively contraindicated medications, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Objectives: To examine the scope of and variation in prescribing relatively contraindicated medications and medications above the recommended dose levels among patients with stage III/IV CKD in primary care practice...
February 26, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500250/multilevel-small-area-estimation-of-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-the-united-states
#12
Zahava Berkowitz, Xingyou Zhang, Thomas B Richards, Marion Nadel, Lucy A Peipins, James Holt
Background: The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends routine screening for colorectal cancer for adults ages 50 to 75 years. We generated small-area estimates for being current with colorectal cancer screening to examine sociogeographic differences among states and counties. To our knowledge, nationwide county-level estimates for colorectal cancer screening are rarely presented. Methods: We used county data from the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS; n = 251,360 adults), linked it to the American Community Survey poverty data, and fitted multilevel logistic regression models...
March 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479424/a-snp-resource-for-studying-north-american-moose
#13
Theodore S Kalbfleisch, Brenda M Murdoch, Timothy P L Smith, James D Murdoch, Michael P Heaton, Stephanie D McKay
Background : Moose ( Alces alces ) colonized the North American continent from Asia less than 15,000 years ago, and spread across the boreal forest regions of Canada and the northern United States (US).  Contemporary populations have low genetic diversity, due either to low number of individuals in the original migration (founder effect), and/or subsequent population bottlenecks in North America.  Genetic tests based on informative single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers are helpful in forensic and wildlife conservation activities, but have been difficult to develop for moose, due to the lack of a reference genome assembly and whole genome sequence (WGS) data...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464688/it-takes-a-few-to-tango-changing-climate-and-fire-regimes-can-cause-regeneration-failure-of-two-subalpine-conifers
#14
Winslow D Hansen, Kristin H Braziunas, Werner Rammer, Rupert Seidl, Monica G Turner
Environmental change is accelerating in the 21st century, but how multiple drivers may interact to alter forest resilience remains uncertain. In forests affected by large high-severity disturbances, tree regeneration is a resilience linchpin that shapes successional trajectories for decades. We modeled stands of two widespread western US conifers, Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca) and lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta var. latifolia), in Yellowstone National Park (Wyoming, USA) to ask: (1) What combinations of distance to seed source, fire return interval and warming-drying conditions cause postfire tree-regeneration failure? (2) If postfire tree regeneration was successful, how does early tree density differ under future climate relative to historical climate? We conducted a stand-level (1 ha) factorial simulation experiment using the individual-based forest process model iLand to identify combinations of fire return interval (11 to 100 years), distance to seed source (50 to 1000 m), and climate (historical, mid-21st century, late-21st century) where trees failed to regenerate by 30-years postfire...
February 21, 2018: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457717/oedometric-small-angle-neutron-scattering-in-situ-nano-pore-structure-during-bentonite-consolidation-and-swelling-in-co2-environments
#15
Thomas Dewers, Jason E Heath, Charles R Bryan, Joseph T Mang, Rex Paul Hjelm, Mei Ding, Mark Taylor
Results of oedometric consolidation experiments linked with small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) measurements are presented, using SWy-2 Wyoming bentonite clay in dry and water-bearing N2 and CO2 atmospheres. Oedometric SANS involves deforming a porous sample under uniaxial strain conditions with applied axial force and internal pore pressure control, and combines with SANS for in situ observation of pore structure evolution and interaction. Scattering from both interlayer (clay intra-aggregate) and free (inter-aggregate) pores is observed, showing decreasing pore size with dry consolidation and interactions between interlayer and free pore types with swelling and consolidation...
February 19, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447147/assisted-reproductive-technology-surveillance-united-states-2015
#16
Saswati Sunderam, Dmitry M Kissin, Sara B Crawford, Suzanne G Folger, Sheree L Boulet, Lee Warner, Wanda D Barfield
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Since the first U.S. infant conceived with assisted reproductive technology (ART) was born in 1981, both the use of ART and the number of fertility clinics providing ART services have increased steadily in the United States. ART includes fertility treatments in which eggs or embryos are handled in the laboratory (i.e., in vitro fertilization [IVF] and related procedures). Although the majority of infants conceived through ART are singletons, women who undergo ART procedures are more likely than women who conceive naturally to deliver multiple-birth infants...
February 16, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414308/cosmetic-and-pharmaceutical-qualifications-of-egyptian-bentonite-and-its-suitability-as-drug-carrier-for-praziquantel-drug
#17
Fatma M Dardir, Aya S Mohamed, Mostafa R Abukhadra, Ezzat A Ahmed, Mamdouh F Soliman
The aim of this paper is to characterize and evaluate newly discovered bentonite deposits in Egypt for pharmaceutical and cosmetic applications as well as its suitability as carrier for Praziquantel drug. The study was performed for the raw bentonite sample, purified bentonite sample and alkali activated purified bentonite sample. The raw bentonite sample composed mainly of montmorillonite contaminated by little amounts of quartz and calcite, while the purified sample composed of montmorillonite without detected mineral impurities and matches the mineralogical properties of Wyoming bentonite as an international standard...
January 29, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410202/evolving-utilization-of-pre-biopsy-prostate-mri-in-the-medicare-population
#18
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Jennifer Hemingway, Danny R Hughes, Richard Duszak, Bibb Allen, Jeffrey C Weinreb
PURPOSE: To assess changing utilization of pre-biopsy prostate MRI in Medicare beneficiaries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Men undergoing prostate biopsy were identified in 5% Medicare Research Identifiable Files from October 2010 through September 2015. Rates of pre-biopsy prostate MRI (any pelvic MRI ≤6 months before biopsy with a prostate indication diagnosis code) were assessed. Temporal changes and variation by geography and among populations were determined. RESULTS: In male Medicare beneficiaries, pre-biopsy MRI utilization rates increased from 0...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370150/state-specific-prevalence-of-tobacco-product-use-among-adults-united-states-2014-2015
#19
Satomi Odani, Brian S Armour, Corinne M Graffunder, Gordon Willis, Anne M Hartman, Israel T Agaku
Despite recent declines in cigarette smoking prevalence, the tobacco product landscape has shifted to include emerging tobacco products* (1,2). Previous research has documented adult use of smokeless tobacco and cigarettes by state (3); however, state-specific data on other tobacco products are limited. To assess tobacco product use in the 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia (DC), CDC and the National Cancer Institute analyzed self-reported use of six tobacco product types: cigarettes, cigars, regular pipes, water pipes, electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), and smokeless tobacco products among adults aged ≥18 years using data from the 2014-2015 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey (TUS-CPS)...
January 26, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318357/coexistence-with-large-carnivores-supported-by-a-predator-compensation-program
#20
Andrea T Morehouse, Jesse Tigner, Mark S Boyce
Compensation programs are used globally to increase tolerance for and help offset economic loss caused by large carnivores. Compensation program funding comes from a variety of sources, and in Wyoming and Idaho, USA and Alberta, Canada this includes revenue from hunting and fishing license sales. We review the patterns of livestock depredation and compensation costs of Alberta's predator-compensation program, and compare Alberta's program to compensation programs in neighboring Canadian and American jurisdictions...
May 2018: Environmental Management
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