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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182605/assisted-reproductive-technology-surveillance-united-states-2014
#1
Saswati Sunderam, Dmitry M Kissin, Sara B Crawford, Suzanne G Folger, Denise J Jamieson, Lee Warner, Wanda D Barfield
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Since the first U.S. infant conceived with assisted reproductive technology (ART) was born in 1981, both the use of ART and the number of fertility clinics providing ART services have increased steadily in the United States. ART includes fertility treatments in which eggs or embryos are handled in the laboratory (i.e., in vitro fertilization [IVF] and related procedures). Women who undergo ART procedures are more likely than women who conceive naturally to deliver multiple-birth infants...
February 10, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174736/paths-to-gi-research-in-the-wild-west-tales-from-wyoming
#2
EDITORIAL
Kristopher D Parker, Jason P Gigley, Naomi L Ward
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145053/challenging-terrestrial-biosphere-models-with-data-from-the-long-term-multi-factor-prairie-heating-and-co2-enrichment-experiment
#3
Martin G De Kauwe, Belinda E Medlyn, Anthony P Walker, Sönke Zaehle, Shinichi Asao, Bertrand Guenet, Anna B Harper, Thomas Hickler, Atul Jain, Yiqi Luo, Xingjie Lu, Kristina Luus, William J Parton, Shijie Shu, Ying-Ping Wang, Christian Werner, Jianyang Xia, Elise Pendall, Jack A Morgan, Edmund M Ryan, Yolima Carrillo, Feike A Dijkstra, Tamara J Zelikova, Richard J Norby
Multi-factor experiments are often advocated as important for advancing terrestrial biosphere models (TBMs), yet to date such models have only been tested against single-factor experiments. We applied 10 TBMs to the multi-factor Prairie Heating and CO2 Enrichment (PHACE) experiment in Wyoming, USA. Our goals were to investigate how multi-factor experiments can be used to constrain models, and to identify a road map for model improvement. We found models performed poorly in current ambient conditions; there was a wide spread in simulated above-ground net primary productivity (range: 31-390 g C m(-2) yr(-1) )...
February 1, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144628/de-novo-generation-of-a-unique-cervid-prion-strain-using-protein-misfolding-cyclic-amplification
#4
Crystal Meyerett-Reid, A Christy Wyckoff, Terry Spraker, Bruce Pulford, Heather Bender, Mark D Zabel
Substantial evidence supports the hypothesis that prions are misfolded, infectious, insoluble, and protease-resistant proteins (PrP(RES)) devoid of instructional nucleic acid that cause transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs). Protein misfolding cyclic amplification (PMCA) has provided additional evidence that PrPRes acts as a template that can convert the normal cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) present in uninfected normal brain homogenate (NBH) into the infectious misfolded PrP(RES) isoform. Human PrP(C) has been shown to spontaneously convert to a misfolded pathological state causing sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD)...
January 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133565/detailed-anatomy-of-the-braincase-of-macelognathus-vagans-marsh-1884-archosauria-crocodylomorpha-using-high-resolution-tomography-and-new-insights-on-basal-crocodylomorph-phylogeny
#5
Juan Martin Leardi, Diego Pol, James Matthew Clark
BACKGROUND: Macelognathus vagans Marsh, 1884 from the Late Jurassic Morrison Fm. of Wyoming was originally described as a dinosaur by Marsh and in 1971 Ostrom suggested crocodilian affinities. In 2005, Göhlich and collaborators identified new material of this species from Colorado as a basal crocodylomorph. However, a partial skull found in association with mandibular and postcranial remains was not described. METHODS: Due to the small size and delicate structures within the braincase, micro CT studies were performed on this specimen...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118557/brucellosis-transmission-between-wildlife-and-livestock-in-the-greater-yellowstone-ecosystem-inferences-from-dna-genotyping
#6
Michael P O'Brien, Albano Beja-Pereira, Neil Anderson, Ruben M Ceballos, William H Edwards, Beth Harris, Rick L Wallen, Vânia Costa
The wildlife of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem carries brucellosis, which was first introduced to the area by cattle in the 19th Century. Brucellosis transmission between wildlife and livestock has been difficult to study due to challenges in culturing the causative agent, Brucella abortus . We examined B. abortus transmission between American bison ( Bison bison ), Rocky Mountain elk ( Cervus elaphus nelsoni), and cattle ( Bos taurus ) using variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) markers on DNA from 98 B...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102652/changing-rural-and-urban-enrollment-in-state-medicaid-programs
#7
Abigail R Barker, Kelsey Huntzberry, Timothy D McBride, Keith J Mueller
Purpose. From October 2013—before implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA)—to November 2016, Medicaid enrollment grew by 27 percent. However, very little attention has been paid to date to how changes in Medicaid enrollment vary within states across the rural-urban continuum. This brief reports and analyzes changes in enrollment in metropolitan, micropolitan, and rural (noncore) areas in both expansion states (those that used ACA funding to expand Medicaid coverage) and nonexpansion states (those that did not use ACA funding to expand Medicaid coverage)...
January 2017: Rural Policy Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102648/2016-rural-enrollment-in-health-insurance-marketplaces-by-state
#8
Abigail R Barker, Kelsey A Huntzberry, Timothy D McBride, Leah M Kemper, Keith J Mueller
Purpose. In this brief, cumulative county-level enrollment in Health Insurance Marketplaces (HIMs) through March 2016 is presented for state HIMs operated as Federally Facilitated Marketplaces (FFMs) and for those operated as Federally Supported State-Based Marketplaces (FS-SBMs). Enrollment rates in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas of each state, defined as the percentage of “potential market” participants selecting plans, are presented. Monitoring annual enrollment rates provides a gauge of how well state outreach and enrollment efforts are proceeding and helps identify states with strong non-metropolitan enrollment as models for other states to emulate...
January 2017: Rural Policy Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096488/novel-superspreader-bacteriophages-promote-horizontal-gene-transfer-by-transformation
#9
Eric C Keen, Valery V Bliskovsky, Francisco Malagon, James D Baker, Jeffrey S Prince, James S Klaus, Sankar L Adhya
: Bacteriophages infect an estimated 10(23) to 10(25) bacterial cells each second, many of which carry physiologically relevant plasmids (e.g., those encoding antibiotic resistance). However, even though phage-plasmid interactions occur on a massive scale and have potentially significant evolutionary, ecological, and biomedical implications, plasmid fate upon phage infection and lysis has not been investigated to date. Here we show that a subset of the natural lytic phage population, which we dub "superspreaders," releases substantial amounts of intact, transformable plasmid DNA upon lysis, thereby promoting horizontal gene transfer by transformation...
January 17, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079717/-out-of-care-hiv-case-investigations-a-collaborative-analysis-across-6-states-in-the-northwest-us
#10
Julia C Dombrowski, Joanna Bove, James C Roscoe, Jessica Harvill, Caislin L Firth, Shireen Khormooji, Jason Carr, Peter Choi, Courtney Smith, Sean D Schafer, Matthew R Golden
BACKGROUND: HIV care continuum estimates derived from laboratory surveillance typically assume that persons without recently reported CD4 count or viral load results are out of care. METHODS: We conducted a multistate project (Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming) to ascertain the status of HIV cases that appeared to be out of care during a 12-month period. We used laboratory surveillance to identify cases in all states but Idaho, where viral load reporting is not mandatory, requiring us to rely on clinic records...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064495/photophysical-behavior-of-isocyanine-clay-hybrids-in-the-solid-state-%C3%A2
#11
Silvano R Valandro, Alessandra L Poli, Thaís F A Correia, Patricia C Lombardo, Carla C Schmitt
In the present study, we have attempted to investigate, for the first time, the photophysical behavior of 1,1'-diethyl-2,4'-cyanine (ICY)/clay mineral hybrids in the solid state. The effects promoted by ICY loading and clay type on the spectroscopic properties were studied by UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DR) and different fluorescence techniques. The hybrids were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). UV-vis-DR revealed the formation of ICY H-aggregates in Wyoming montmorillonite (SWy-1) and Laponite (Lap); however, J-aggregates were predominant for ICY on Arizona (SAz-1) and Barasym (SYn-1) montmorillonites...
January 18, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002335/spatial-and-temporal-variations-of-screening-for-breast-and-colorectal-cancer-in-the-united-states-2008-to-2012
#12
Xue Feng, Xi Tan, Ebtihag O Alenzi, Pragya Rai, Jongwha Chang
Cancer screening tests are important tools to combat cancer-related morbidity and mortality. There is limited up-to-date research on spatial and temporal variations of colorectal and breast cancer screening in the United States.County-level data of cancer screening adherence rates were generated from 2008 to 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. We performed the univariate local indicators for spatial analyses (LISA) for the geographic differences of screening adherence rate and the differential LISA for the change of screening adherence rate from 2008 to 2012...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992952/gross-primary-production-responses-to-warming-elevated-co2-and-irrigation-quantifying-the-drivers-of-ecosystem-physiology-in-a-semiarid-grassland
#13
Edmund M Ryan, Kiona Ogle, Drew Peltier, Anthony P Walker, Martin G De Kauwe, Belinda E Medlyn, David G Williams, William Parton, Shinichi Asao, Bertrand Guenet, Anna Harper, Xingjie Lu, Kristina A Luus, Sönke Zaehle, Shijie Shu, Christian Werner, Jianyang Xia, Elise Pendall
Determining whether the terrestrial biosphere will be a source or sink of carbon (C) under a future climate of elevated CO2 (eCO2 ) and warming requires accurate quantification of gross primary production (GPP), the largest flux of C in the global C cycle. We evaluated six years (2007-2012) of flux-derived GPP data from the Prairie Heating and CO2 Enrichment (PHACE) experiment, situated in a grassland in Wyoming, USA. The GPP data were used to calibrate a light response model whose basic formulation has been successfully used in a variety of ecosystems...
December 19, 2016: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992501/epsps-gene-copy-number-and-whole-plant-glyphosate-resistance-level-in-kochia-scoparia
#14
Todd A Gaines, Abigail L Barker, Eric L Patterson, Philip Westra, Eric P Westra, Robert G Wilson, Prashant Jha, Vipan Kumar, Andrew R Kniss
Glyphosate-resistant (GR) Kochia scoparia has evolved in dryland chemical fallow systems throughout North America and the mechanism of resistance involves 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS) gene duplication. Agricultural fields in four states were surveyed for K. scoparia in 2013 and tested for glyphosate-resistance level and EPSPS gene copy number. Glyphosate resistance was confirmed in K. scoparia populations collected from sugarbeet fields in Colorado, Wyoming, and Nebraska, and Montana...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991747/medicare-advantage-enrollment-update-2016
#15
Fred Ullrich, Keith Mueller
Purpose. The RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis reports annually on rural beneficiary enrollment in Medicare Advantage (MA) plans, noting any trends or new developments evident in the data. These reports are based on data through March of each year, capturing results of open enrollment periods. Key Findings. (1)The number of non-metropolitan beneficiaries enrolled in MA and other prepaid plans increased to 2,189,300 as of March 2016, representing 21.8 percent of all non-metropolitan Medicare beneficiaries compared with 31...
2016: Rural Policy Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959906/mapping-the-prevalence-of-physical-inactivity-in-u-s-states-1984-2015
#16
Ruopeng An, Xiaoling Xiang, Yan Yang, Hai Yan
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a leading cause of morbidity, disability and premature mortality in the U.S. and worldwide. This study aimed to map the prevalence of physical inactivity across U.S. states over the past three decades, and estimate the over-time adjusted changes in the prevalence of physical inactivity in each state. METHODS: Individual-level data (N = 6,701,954) were taken from the 1984-2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), an annually repeated cross-sectional survey of state-representative adult population...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896562/characterization-of-isolates-of-equine-infectious-anemia-virus-in-brazil
#17
Dellane Martins Tigre, Camila Fonseca Lopes Brandão, Fabiana Lopes de Paula, Fabio Alexandre Chinalia, Gubio Soares Campos, Silvia Ines Sardi
Equine infectious anemia is an important infectious disease that affects equids worldwide. Control of the disease is currently based on detection of anti-p26 EIAV by Agar Gel Immunodiffusion (AGID). In this work, 62 animals were examined by AGID and nested-PCR using primers for the gag gene. Fifty-three samples (85.5%) were positive by nested-PCR, whereas only 33 samples (53%) were positive for AGID. Fifteen amplicons obtained by nested-PCR were sequenced and the aligned results subjected to phylogenetic analysis...
November 28, 2016: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826693/effectiveness-of-wyoming-s-sage-grouse-core-areas-influences-on-energy-development-and-male-lek-attendance
#18
R Scott Gamo, Jeffrey L Beck
Greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) populations have declined across their range due to human-assisted factors driving large-scale habitat change. In response, the state of Wyoming implemented the Sage-grouse Executive Order protection policy in 2008 as a voluntary regulatory mechanism to minimize anthropogenic disturbance within defined sage-grouse core population areas. Our objectives were to evaluate areas designated as Sage-grouse Executive Order Core Areas on: (1) oil and gas well pad development, and (2) peak male lek attendance in core and non-core sage-grouse populations...
February 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821739/spatial-variability-in-tree-regeneration-after-wildfire-delays-and-dampens-future-bark-beetle-outbreaks
#19
Rupert Seidl, Daniel C Donato, Kenneth F Raffa, Monica G Turner
Climate change is altering the frequency and severity of forest disturbances such as wildfires and bark beetle outbreaks, thereby increasing the potential for sequential disturbances to interact. Interactions can amplify or dampen disturbances, yet the direction and magnitude of future disturbance interactions are difficult to anticipate because underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. We tested how variability in postfire forest development affects future susceptibility to bark beetle outbreaks, focusing on mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) and Douglas-fir beetle (Dendroctonus pseudotsugae) in forests regenerating from the large high-severity fires that affected Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming in 1988...
November 15, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811667/the-harvestman-genus-taracus-simon-1879-and-the-new-genus-oskoron%C3%A2-opiliones-ischyropsalidoidea-taracidae
#20
William A Shear, Joseph G Warfel
The ischyropsalidoid genus Taracus Simon 1879 is reviewed and all previously named species are redescribed. Taracus nigripes Goodnight & Goodnight, 1943 is synonymized with T. packardi Simon 1879, and T. malkini Goodnight & Goodnight 1945 with Oskoron spinosus (Banks) 1894; the type locality of T. gertschi Goodnight & Goodnight 1942 is corrected from "eastern Oregon" to Rose Lake, Idaho, based on original labelling. The following new species of Taracus are described: T. carmanah (Vancouver Island), T. marchingtoni (Oregon), T...
November 1, 2016: Zootaxa
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