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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902166/obesity-prevalence-among-adults-living-in-metropolitan-and-nonmetropolitan-counties-united-states-2016
#1
Elizabeth A Lundeen, Sohyun Park, Liping Pan, Terry O'Toole, Kevin Matthews, Heidi M Blanck
Approximately 46 million persons (14%) in the United States live in nonmetropolitan counties.* Compared with metropolitan residents, nonmetropolitan residents have a higher prevalence of obesity-associated chronic diseases such as diabetes (1), coronary heart disease (1), and arthritis (2). The 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) found a significantly higher obesity prevalence among adults in nonmetropolitan (39.6%) than in metropolitan (33.4%) counties (3). However, this difference has not been examined by state...
June 15, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846138/impact-of-traffic-citations-to-reduce-truck-crashes-on-challenging-roadway-geometry
#2
Promothes Saha, Mohammad Mahdi Rezapour Mashhadi, Khaled Ksaibati
Wyoming's Interstate 80 has one of the highest truck crash rates in the United States. This is due to a variety of reasons, including high percentage of truck traffic, adverse weather conditions and mountainous terrain. These factors have caused the Wyoming Highway Patrol (WHP) to spend extensive resources on inspecting commercial vehicles and enforcement of traffic laws in this corridor. This study estimated the correlation between traffic citations and truck crashes. In addition, the paper evaluated the increased risk of truck crashes in adverse weather and road conditions...
May 30, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785525/beyond-the-border-and-into-the-heartland-spatial-patterning-of-u-s-immigration-detention
#3
Margot Moinester
The expansion of U.S. immigration enforcement from the borders into the interior of the country and the fivefold increase in immigration detentions and deportations since 1995 raise important questions about how the enforcement of immigration law is spatially patterned across American communities. Focusing on the practice of immigration detention, the present study analyzes the records of all 717,160 noncitizens detained by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) in 2008 and 2009-a period when interior enforcement was at its peak-to estimate states' detention rates and examine geographic variation in detention outcomes, net of individual characteristics...
May 21, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779920/geographic-variation-in-gender-disparities-in-the-us-radiologist-workforce
#4
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Amy L Kotsenas, Richard Duszak
PURPOSE: To assess geographic variation in gender disparities in the US radiologist workforce. METHODS: Gender, location, and practice affiliation of all radiologists and gender of all nonradiologists were identified for all providers listed in the Medicare Physician Compare database. Variation in female representation among radiologists was summarized at state, county, and individual practice levels, and associations with a variety of county-level population characteristics were explored...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778211/serological-survey-for-antibodies-against-pestiviruses-in-wyoming-domestic-sheep
#5
S Silveira, S M Falkenberg, M J Elderbrook, K S Sondgeroth, R P Dassanayake, J D Neill, J F Ridpath, C W Canal
Pestiviruses including Bovine viral diarrhea virus type 1 (BVDV-1), BVDV-2 and Border disease virus (BDV) have been reported in both sheep and cattle populations, together with the HoBi-like, an emerging group of pestiviruses. Pestivirus control programs in the United States have focused on the control of BVDV-1 and 2. The incidence of pestivirus infection in sheep in the United States and the risk of transmission between cattle and sheep populations are unknown. The aim of this study was to perform serological surveillance for pestivirus exposure in sheep from an important sheep producing state in the Unites States, Wyoming...
June 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773232/risk-factors-associated-with-strongylid-egg-count-prevalence-and-abundance-in-the-united-states-equine-population
#6
M K Nielsen, M A Branan, A M Wiedenheft, R Digianantonio, J A Scare, J L Bellaw, L P Garber, C A Kopral, A M Phillippi-Taylor, J L Traub-Dargatz
Equine strongyle parasites are considered ubiquitous in grazing equids across the world, and cyathostomin parasites are known pathogens causing well-described disease complexes in horses. Decades of intensive anthelmintic treatments have led to anthelmintic resistance in cyathostomins, and current recommendations are to lower treatment intensity and base control strategies on fecal egg count surveillance. Little is known about risk factors associated with strongyle parasite egg shedding patterns in the United States equine population, as the most recent national survey was conducted 20 years ago...
May 14, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768834/clay-nanoarchitectures-as-photocatalysts-by-in-situ-assembly-of-zno-nanoparticles-and-clay-minerals
#7
M Akkari, P Aranda, A Ben Haj Amara, E Ruiz-Hitzky
ZnO-clay nanoarchitectures have been prepared by In Situ generation of ZnO nanoparticles from zinc acetylacetonate in isopropanol under reflux in the presence of organoclays. Two layered clays, a commercial Wyoming montmorillonite and a smectite from Gafsa (Tunisia), and a fibrous clay, sepiolite from Vallecas-Vicalvaro (Spain), modified with cetyltrimethylammonium ions were the organoclay substrates for assembling the formed nanoparticles. After a convenient thermal treatment, the organic matter is eliminated and the ZnO/clay nanoarchitectures consolidated...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766497/hydraulic-conductivity-calibration-of-logging-nmr-in-a-granite-aquifer-laramie-range-wyoming
#8
Shuangpo Ren, Andrew D Parsekian, Ye Zhang, Bradley J Carr
In granite aquifers, fractures can provide both storage volume and conduits for groundwater. Characterization of fracture hydraulic conductivity (K) in such aquifers is important for predicting flow rate and calibrating models. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) well logging is a method to quickly obtain near-borehole hydraulic conductivity (i.e., KNMR ) at high vertical resolution. On the other hand, FLUTe flexible liner technology can produce a K profile at comparable resolution but requires a fluid driving force between borehole and formation...
May 15, 2018: Ground Water
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759954/identifying-national-availability-of-abortion-care-and-distance-from-major-us-cities-systematic-online-search
#9
Alice F Cartwright, Mihiri Karunaratne, Jill Barr-Walker, Nicole E Johns, Ushma D Upadhyay
BACKGROUND: Abortion is a common medical procedure, yet its availability has become more limited across the United States over the past decade. Women who do not know where to go for abortion care may use the internet to find abortion facility information, and there appears to be more online searches for abortion in states with more restrictive abortion laws. While previous studies have examined the distances women must travel to reach an abortion provider, to our knowledge no studies have used a systematic online search to document the geographic locations and services of abortion facilities...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734635/emissions-of-organic-compounds-from-produced-water-ponds-i-characteristics-and-speciation
#10
Seth N Lyman, Marc L Mansfield, Huy N Q Tran, Jordan D Evans, Colleen Jones, Trevor O'Neil, Ric Bowers, Ann Smith, Cara Keslar
We measured fluxes of methane, a suite of non-methane hydrocarbons (C2-C11), light alcohols, and carbon dioxide from oil and gas produced water storage and disposal ponds in Utah (Uinta Basin) and Wyoming (Upper Green River Basin) United States during 2013-2016. In this paper, we discuss the characteristics of produced water composition and air-water fluxes, with a focus on flux chamber measurements. In companion papers, we will (1) report on inverse modeling methods used to estimate emissions from produced water ponds, including comparisons with flux chamber measurements, and (2) discuss the development of mass transfer coefficients to estimate emissions and place emissions from produced water ponds in the context of all regional oil and gas-related emissions...
April 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723100/resistance-to-deltamethrin-in-prairie-dog-cynomys-ludovicianus-fleas-in-the-field-and-in-the-laboratory
#11
David A Eads, Dean E Biggins, Jonathan Bowser, Janet C McAllister, Randall L Griebel, Eddie Childers, Travis M Livieri, Cristi Painter, Lindsey Sterling Krank, Kristy Bly
Sylvatic plague poses a substantial risk to black-tailed prairie dogs ( Cynomys ludovicianus) and their obligate predator, the black-footed ferret ( Mustela nigripes). The effects of plague on prairie dogs and ferrets are mitigated using a deltamethrin pulicide dust that reduces the spread of plague by killing fleas, the vector for the plague bacterium. In portions of Conata Basin, Buffalo Gap National Grasslands, and Badlands National Park, South Dakota, 0.05% deltamethrin has been infused into prairie dog burrows on an annual basis since 2005...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684736/effects-of-truck-traffic-on-crash-injury-severity-on-rural-highways-in-wyoming-using-bayesian-binary-logit-models
#12
Mohamed M Ahmed, Rebecca Franke, Khaled Ksaibati, Debbie S Shinstine
Roadway safety is an integral part of a functioning infrastructure. A major use of the highway system is the transport of goods. The United States has experienced constant growth in the amount of freight transported by truck in the last few years. Wyoming is experiencing a large increase in truck traffic on its local and county roads due to an increase in oil and gas production. This study explores the involvement of heavy trucks in crashes and their significance as a predictor of crash severity and addresses the effect that large truck traffic is having on the safety of roadways for various road classifications...
August 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680947/a-retrospective-assessment-of-a-failed-collaborative-process-in-conservation
#13
Heidi E Kretser, Jon P Beckmann, Joel Berger
Collaboration provides one tool for managing the complicated and often the contentious natural resource issues. Successful collaborative arrangements involve a mix of actors bringing key attributes to the table: power, capacity, motivation, mandate, and synergy. These attributes, if missing or if one overshadows the rest, can derail the collaborative process and/or the conservation outcomes. We offer a case study of natural gas field development impacts on America's only endemic ungulate-pronghorn (Antilocapra americana)-winter range in the Upper Green River Basin (UGRB), Wyoming, USA...
April 21, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678426/geographic-distribution-of-hand-surgeons-throughout-the-united-states
#14
REVIEW
Evan D Baron, Kevin F Lutsky, Mitchell Maltenfort, Pedro Beredjiklian
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the geographic distribution of hand surgeons in the United States. We assessed the states and congressional districts (CDs) for optimal numbers of surgeons, determined whether there is an even distribution, and identified factors influencing practice location. Hand surgeon practice location data from the American Association for Hand Surgery and American Society for Surgery of the Hand (2015) and both state and CD population data from the US Census (2014) were assessed...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667513/a-survey-of-valleys-and-basins-of-the-western-united-states-for-the-capacity-to-produce-winter-ozone
#15
Marc L Mansfield, Courtney F Hall
High winter ozone in the Uintah Basin, Utah, and the Upper Green River Basin, Wyoming, occurs because of the confluence of three separate factors: (1) extensive oil or natural gas production, (2) topography conducive to strong multiple-day thermal inversions, and (3) snow cover. We surveyed 13 basins and valleys in the western United States for the existence and magnitude of these factors. Seven of the basins, because winter ozone measurements were available, were assigned to four different behavioral classes...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664190/child-marriage-in-the-united-states-how-common-is-the-practice-and-which-children-are-at-greatest-risk
#16
Alissa Koski, Jody Heymann
CONTEXT: Marriage before the age of 18, commonly referred to as child marriage, is legal under varying conditions across the United States. The prevalence of child marriage among recent cohorts is unknown. METHODS: American Community Survey data for 2010-2014 were used to estimate the average national and state-level proportions of children who had ever been married. Prevalence was calculated by gender, race and ethnicity, and birthplace, and the living arrangements of currently married children were examined...
June 2018: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623359/endocrine-disrupting-activities-and-organic-contaminants-associated-with-oil-and-gas-operations-in-wyoming-groundwater
#17
Christopher D Kassotis, Danh C Vu, Phuc H Vo, Chung-Ho Lin, Jennifer N Cornelius-Green, Sharyle Patton, Susan C Nagel
Unconventional oil and natural gas (UOG) operations couple horizontal drilling with hydraulic fracturing to access previously inaccessible fossil fuel deposits. Hydraulic fracturing, a common form of stimulation, involves the high-pressure injection of water, chemicals, and sand to fracture the target layer and release trapped natural gas and/or oil. Spills and/or discharges of wastewater have been shown to impact surface, ground, and drinking water. The goals of this study were to characterize the endocrine activities and measure select organic contaminants in groundwater from conventional oil and gas (COG) and UOG production regions of Wyoming...
April 5, 2018: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617847/firm-efficiency-and-returns-to-scale-in-the-honey-bee-pollination-services-industry
#18
Chian Jones Ritten, Dannele Peck, Mariah Ehmke, M A Buddhika Patalee
While the demand for pollination services have been increasing, continued declines in honey bee, Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae), colonies have put the cropping sector and the broader health of agro-ecosystems at risk. Economic factors may play a role in dwindling honey bee colony supply in the United States, but have not been extensively studied. Using data envelopment analysis (DEA), we measure technical efficiency, returns to scale, and factors influencing the efficiency of those apiaries in the northern Rocky Mountain region participating in the pollination services market...
May 28, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617186/determining-raptor-species-and-tissue-sensitivity-for-improved-west-nile-virus-surveillance
#19
Kendall L Kritzik, Gail Kratz, Nicholas A Panella, Kristen Burkhalter, Rebecca J Clark, Brad J Biggerstaff, Nicholas Komar
  Raptors are a target sentinel species for West Nile virus (WNV) because many are susceptible to WNV disease, they are easily sighted because of their large size, and they often occupy territories near human settlements. Sick and dead raptors accumulate at raptor and wildlife rehabilitation clinics. However, investigations into species selection and specimen type for efficient detection of WNV are lacking. Accordingly, we evaluated dead raptors from north-central Colorado and SE Wyoming over a 4-yr period...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580185/assessing-occupational-erionite-and-respirable-crystalline-silica-exposure-among-outdoor-workers-in-wyoming-south-dakota-and-montana
#20
Catherine Beaucham, Bradley King, Karl Feldmann, Martin Harper, Alan Dozier
Erionite is a naturally occurring fibrous mineral found in many parts of the world, including the western United States. Inhalational exposure to erionite fibers in some localities is associated with health effects similar to those caused by asbestos exposure, including malignant mesothelioma. Therefore, there is concern regarding occupational exposures in the western United States. Currently, there are no standard sampling and analytical methods for airborne erionite fibers, as well as no established occupational exposure limits...
June 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
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