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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457717/oedometric-small-angle-neutron-scattering-in-situ-nano-pore-structure-during-bentonite-consolidation-and-swelling-in-co2-environments
#1
Thomas Dewers, Jason E Heath, Charles R Bryan, Joseph T Mang, Rex Paul Hjelm, Mei Ding, Mark Taylor
Results of oedometric consolidation experiments linked with small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) measurements are presented, using SWy-2 Wyoming bentonite clay in dry and water-bearing N2 and CO2 atmospheres. Oedometric SANS involves deforming a porous sample under uniaxial strain conditions with applied axial force and internal pore pressure control, and combines with SANS for in situ observation of pore structure evolution and interaction. Scattering from both interlayer (clay intra-aggregate) and free (inter-aggregate) pores is observed, showing decreasing pore size with dry consolidation and interactions between interlayer and free pore types with swelling and consolidation...
February 19, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447147/assisted-reproductive-technology-surveillance-united-states-2015
#2
Saswati Sunderam, Dmitry M Kissin, Sara B Crawford, Suzanne G Folger, Sheree L Boulet, Lee Warner, Wanda D Barfield
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Since the first U.S. infant conceived with assisted reproductive technology (ART) was born in 1981, both the use of ART and the number of fertility clinics providing ART services have increased steadily in the United States. ART includes fertility treatments in which eggs or embryos are handled in the laboratory (i.e., in vitro fertilization [IVF] and related procedures). Although the majority of infants conceived through ART are singletons, women who undergo ART procedures are more likely than women who conceive naturally to deliver multiple-birth infants...
February 16, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414308/cosmetic-and-pharmaceutical-qualifications-of-egyptian-bentonite-and-its-suitability-as-drug-carrier-for-praziquantel-drug
#3
Fatma M Dardir, Aya S Mohamed, Mostafa R Abukhadra, Ezzat A Ahmed, Mamdouh F Soliman
The aim of this paper is to characterize and evaluate newly discovered bentonite deposits in Egypt for pharmaceutical and cosmetic applications as well as its suitability as carrier for Praziquantel drug. The study was performed for the raw bentonite sample, purified bentonite sample and alkali activated purified bentonite sample. The raw bentonite sample composed mainly of montmorillonite contaminated by little amounts of quartz and calcite, while the purified sample composed of montmorillonite without detected mineral impurities and matches the mineralogical properties of Wyoming bentonite as an international standard...
January 29, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410202/evolving-utilization-of-pre-biopsy-prostate-mri-in-the-medicare-population
#4
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Jennifer Hemingway, Danny R Hughes, Richard Duszak, Bibb Allen, Jeffrey C Weinreb
PURPOSE: To assess changing utilization of pre-biopsy prostate MRI in Medicare beneficiaries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Men undergoing prostate biopsy were identified in 5% Medicare Research Identifiable Files from October 2010 through September 2015. Rates of pre-biopsy prostate MRI (any pelvic MRI ≤6 months before biopsy with a prostate indication diagnosis code) were assessed. Temporal changes and variation by geography and among populations were determined. RESULTS: In male Medicare beneficiaries, pre-biopsy MRI utilization rates increased from 0...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370150/state-specific-prevalence-of-tobacco-product-use-among-adults-united-states-2014-2015
#5
Satomi Odani, Brian S Armour, Corinne M Graffunder, Gordon Willis, Anne M Hartman, Israel T Agaku
Despite recent declines in cigarette smoking prevalence, the tobacco product landscape has shifted to include emerging tobacco products* (1,2). Previous research has documented adult use of smokeless tobacco and cigarettes by state (3); however, state-specific data on other tobacco products are limited. To assess tobacco product use in the 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia (DC), CDC and the National Cancer Institute analyzed self-reported use of six tobacco product types: cigarettes, cigars, regular pipes, water pipes, electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), and smokeless tobacco products among adults aged ≥18 years using data from the 2014-2015 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey (TUS-CPS)...
January 26, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318357/coexistence-with-large-carnivores-supported-by-a-predator-compensation-program
#6
Andrea T Morehouse, Jesse Tigner, Mark S Boyce
Compensation programs are used globally to increase tolerance for and help offset economic loss caused by large carnivores. Compensation program funding comes from a variety of sources, and in Wyoming and Idaho, USA and Alberta, Canada this includes revenue from hunting and fishing license sales. We review the patterns of livestock depredation and compensation costs of Alberta's predator-compensation program, and compare Alberta's program to compensation programs in neighboring Canadian and American jurisdictions...
January 9, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273337/randomized-trial-of-smartphone-based-evaluation-for-an-obstetrics-and-gynecology-clerkship
#7
Nasim C Sobhani, Emily E Fay, Melissa A Schiff, Alyssa Stephenson-Famy, Katherine E Debiec
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that compared to paper evaluations, a smartphone-based quick response (QR) evaluation tool would improve timeliness of feedback, enhance efficacy of giving and receiving feedback, and be as easy to use. DESIGN: We performed a randomized controlled trial of student and instructor experience with two evaluation tools in the OB/GYN clerkship at University of Washington School of Medicine (UWSOM). Sites were randomized to the QR or paper tool; students at QR sites received individualized QR codes at the beginning of the clerkship...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259848/the-shell-morphology-of-the-latest-cretaceous-maastrichtian-trionychid-turtle-helopanoplia-distincta
#8
Walter G Joyce, Tyler R Lyson
Background: Helopanoplia distincta is an extinct soft-shelled turtle (Pan-Trionychidae) for which the type specimen is a fragmentary costal and the inguinal notch portion of the left hypoplastron from the Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) Lance Formation of Wyoming, USA that bear a distinct surface sculpture pattern consisting of raised tubercles. Over the course of the past few decades, a number of additional, fragmentary specimens from the Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) Hell Creek Formation of Montana and North Dakota have been referred to this taxon based on the presence of these tubercles, but a more complete understanding of the anatomy and phylogenetic relationships of this distinctive soft-shelled turtle is still outstanding...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223989/geographic-variation-of-adjuvant-breast-cancer-therapy-initiation-in-the-united-states-lessons-from-medicare-part-d
#9
John A Charlson, Emily L McGinley, Ann B Nattinger, Joan M Neuner, Liliana E Pezzin
Background: Drug utilization under Medicare Part D varies significantly by geographic region. This study examined the extent to which geographic variation in Part D plan characteristics contributes to the variation in choice of initial endocrine therapy agent among women with incident breast cancer. Methods: Two-stage multivariate regression analyses were applied to the 16,541 women identified from Medicare claims as having incident breast cancer in 2006-2007. The first stage determined the effect of state of residence on the probability of having an aromatase inhibitor (AI), as opposed to tamoxifen, as initial endocrine therapy...
December 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217271/truck-safety-evaluation-on-wyoming-mountain-passes
#10
Dick T Apronti, Promothes Saha, Milhan Moomen, Khaled Ksaibati
The Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) for Streets and Highways recommends hill signs be placed in advance of downgrade descent of mountain passes. Mountain passes increase the risk of a runaway, or out of control trucks and so the advance warning signs inform the driver to take special precautions such as reducing speed or using lower gears during the descent. The Wyoming Department of Transportation has installed steep grade advance warning systems on Wyoming mountain passes. However, concerns for out of control trucks on the mountain passes persist...
December 4, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214316/association-between-hospital-financial-distress-and-immediate-breast-reconstruction-surgery-after-mastectomy-among-women-with-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ
#11
Catherine A Richards, Andrew G Rundle, Jason D Wright, Dawn L Hershman
Importance: Hospital financial distress (HFD) is a state in which a hospital is at risk of closure because of its financial condition. Hospital financial distress may reduce the services a hospital can offer, particularly unprofitable ones. Few studies have assessed the association of HFD with quality of care. Objective: To examine the association between HFD and receipt of immediate breast reconstruction surgery after mastectomy among women diagnosed with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)...
December 6, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202675/acute-hepatic-steatosis-a-helpful-diagnostic-feature-in-metallic-phosphide-poisoned-horses
#12
Jonathan H Fox, Brian F Porter, Leslie Easterwood, Justin R V Hildenbrand, Pierre Hélie, James Smylie, Donal O'Toole
Metal phosphides, particularly zinc and aluminum phosphide, occasionally poison horses and other equids following their use as rodenticides and insecticides. Grain-based aluminum phosphide baits are used to control rodents such as prairie dogs. The clinical course in intoxicated horses is short (<24-48 h), and animals may be found dead. Hepatic lesions caused by phosphine poisoning are not well described. Laboratory confirmation depends on detecting phosphine gas in gastric contents. Eight horses and a mule were exposed to zinc phosphide used to control prairie dogs on a Wyoming ranch...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185977/answering-the-call-of-the-wild-creates-a-different-kind-of-medical-director
#13
Howard Wolinsky
Will Smith, the co-director of Grand Teton National Park, demonstrates some daring-do to rescue people from mishaps in the mountains of Wyoming. But just like medical directors for health systems, insurance companies, and pharmacy benefits management firms, Smith is in the business of setting policies and protocols.
November 2017: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146837/draft-genome-sequence-of-the-naturally-competent-bacillus-simplex-strain-wy10
#14
Eric C Keen, Valery V Bliskovsky, Sankar L Adhya, Gautam Dantas
We sequenced a naturally competent bacterial isolate, WY10, cultured from a Wyoming soil sample. Sequence analysis revealed that WY10 is a novel strain of Bacillus simplex To our knowledge, WY10 is the first B. simplex strain to be characterized as naturally competent for DNA uptake by transformation.
November 16, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122312/gestational-exposure-to-volatile-organic-compounds-vocs-in-northeastern-british-columbia-canada-a-pilot-study
#15
Élyse Caron-Beaudoin, Naomi Valter, Jonathan Chevrier, Pierre Ayotte, Katherine Frohlich, Marc-André Verner
BACKGROUND: Northeastern British Columbia (Canada) is an area of intense hydraulic fracturing for unconventional natural gas exploitation. There have been multiple reports of air and water contamination by volatile organic compounds in the vicinity of gas wells. Although these chemicals are known developmental toxicants, no biomonitoring effort has been carried out in the region. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate gestational exposure to benzene and toluene in the Peace River Valley, Northeastern British Columbia (Canada)...
January 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121066/probability-of-lek-collapse-is-lower-inside-sage-grouse-core-areas-effectiveness-of-conservation-policy-for-a-landscape-species
#16
Emma Suzuki Spence, Jeffrey L Beck, Andrew J Gregory
Greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) occupy sagebrush (Artemisia spp.) habitats in 11 western states and 2 Canadian provinces. In September 2015, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service announced the listing status for sage-grouse had changed from warranted but precluded to not warranted. The primary reason cited for this change of status was that the enactment of new regulatory mechanisms was sufficient to protect sage-grouse populations. One such plan is the 2008, Wyoming Sage Grouse Executive Order (SGEO), enacted by Governor Freudenthal...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091969/promoting-professional-identity-motivation-and-persistence-benefits-of-an-informal-mentoring-program-for-female-undergraduate-students
#17
Paul R Hernandez, Brittany Bloodhart, Rebecca T Barnes, Amanda S Adams, Sandra M Clinton, Ilana Pollack, Elaine Godfrey, Melissa Burt, Emily V Fischer
Women are underrepresented in a number of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines. Limited diversity in the development of the STEM workforce has negative implications for scientific innovation, creativity, and social relevance. The current study reports the first-year results of the PROmoting Geoscience Research, Education, and SuccesS (PROGRESS) program, a novel theory-driven informal mentoring program aimed at supporting first- and second-year female STEM majors. Using a prospective, longitudinal, multi-site (i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075635/expected-net-benefit-of-vaccinating-rangeland-sheep-against-bluetongue-virus-using-a-modified-live-versus-killed-virus-vaccine
#18
Tristram R Munsick, Dannele E Peck, John P Ritten, Randall Jones, Michelle Jones, Myrna M Miller
Recurring outbreaks of bluetongue virus in domestic sheep of the US Intermountain West have prompted questions about the economic benefits and costs of vaccinating individual flocks against bluetongue (BT) disease. We estimate the cost of a BT outbreak on a representative rangeland sheep operation in the Big Horn Basin of the state of Wyoming using enterprise budgets and stochastic simulation. The latter accounts for variability in disease severity and lamb price, as well as uncertainty about when an outbreak will occur...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074881/rancher-reported-efficacy-of-lethal-and-non-lethal-livestock-predation-mitigation-strategies-for-a-suite-of-carnivores
#19
J D Scasta, B Stam, J L Windh
Pastoralists have dealt with livestock losses from predators for millennia, yet effective mitigation strategies that balance wildlife conservation and sustainable agriculture are still needed today. In Wyoming, USA, 274 ranchers responded to a retrospective survey, and rated the efficacy of predation mitigation strategies for foxes, dogs, coyotes, wolves, bobcats, mountain lions, bears, and birds (buzzards, eagles, hawks, ravens). Rancher reported efficacy of mitigation varied by predator species, mitigation strategy, and lethality of strategies, but not livestock type...
October 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052009/spatial-and-temporal-variation-in-the-range-wide-cyclic-dynamics-of-greater-sage-grouse
#20
Jeffrey R Row, Bradley C Fedy
Periodic changes in abundance, or population cycles, are common in a variety of species and is one of the most widely studied ecological phenomena. The strength of, and synchrony between population cycles can vary across time and space and understanding these patterns can provide insight into the mechanisms generating population cycles and their variability within and among species. Here, we used wavelet and spectral analysis on a range-wide dataset of abundance for the greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) to test for regional differences in temporal cyclicity...
December 2017: Oecologia
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