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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438815/wyoming-pharmacists-help-homeless-manage-their-medications
#1
Kate Traynor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410009/studies-in-the-antrodia-serialis-group-polyporales-basidiomycota
#2
Viacheslav Spirin, Josef Vlasák, Otto Miettinen
Taxonomy and phylogeny of the Antrodia serialis group are revised with morphological, ecological, and geographic data, partial translation elongation factor 1-α (tef1) gene sequences, and nuc rDNA ITS1-5.8S-ITS2-28S sequences. The group contains 13 species found in boreal and temperate zones of the Northern Hemisphere. The species are limited to certain geographic areas within Eurasia and North America. The traditional morphology-based concept of A. serialis covers at least four closely related species: A...
March 1, 2017: Mycologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375598/reassessment-of-the-upper-fremont-glacier-ice-core-chronologies-by-synchronizing-of-ice-core-water-isotopes-to-a-nearby-tree-ring-chronology
#3
Nathan Chellman, Joseph R McConnell, Monica Arienzo, Gregory T Pederson, Sarah M Aarons, Adam Csank
The Upper Fremont Glacier (UFG), Wyoming, is one of the few continental glaciers in the contiguous United States known to preserve environmental and climate records spanning recent centuries. A pair of ice cores taken from UFG have been studied extensively to document changes in climate and industrial pollution (most notably, mid-19th century increases in mercury pollution). Fundamental to these studies is the chronology used to map ice-core depth to age. Here, we present a revised chronology for the UFG ice cores based on new measurements and using a novel dating approach of synchronizing continuous water isotope measurements to a nearby tree-ring chronology...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345055/earthquake-rupture-below-the-brittle-ductile-transition-in-continental-lithospheric-mantle
#4
Germán A Prieto, Bérénice Froment, Chunquan Yu, Piero Poli, Rachel Abercrombie
Earthquakes deep in the continental lithosphere are rare and hard to interpret in our current understanding of temperature control on brittle failure. The recent lithospheric mantle earthquake with a moment magnitude of 4.8 at a depth of ~75 km in the Wyoming Craton was exceptionally well recorded and thus enabled us to probe the cause of these unusual earthquakes. On the basis of complete earthquake energy balance estimates using broadband waveforms and temperature estimates using surface heat flow and shear wave velocities, we argue that this earthquake occurred in response to ductile deformation at temperatures above 750°C...
March 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334100/an-organismal-concept-for-sengelia-radicans-gen-et-sp-nov-morphology-and-natural-history-of-an-early-devonian-lycophyte
#5
Kelly K S Matsunaga, Alexandru M F Tomescu
Background and Aims: Fossil plants are found as fragmentary remains and understanding them as natural species requires assembly of whole-organism concepts that integrate different plant parts. Such concepts are essential for incorporating fossils in hypotheses of plant evolution and phylogeny. Plants of the Early Devonian are crucial to reconstructing the initial radiation of tracheophytes, yet few are understood as whole organisms. Methods: This study assembles a whole-plant concept for the Early Devonian lycophyte Sengelia radicans gen...
February 20, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329422/patterns-in-greater-sage-grouse-population-dynamics-correspond-with-public-grazing-records-at-broad-scales
#6
Adrian P Monroe, Cameron L Aldridge, Timothy J Assal, Kari E Veblen, David A Pyke, Michael L Casazza
Human land use, such as livestock grazing, can have profound yet varied effects on wildlife interacting within common ecosystems, yet our understanding of land-use effects is often generalized from short-term, local studies that may not correspond with trends at broader scales. Here we used public land records to characterize livestock grazing across Wyoming, USA, and we used Greater Sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) as a model organism to evaluate responses to livestock management. With annual counts of male Sage-grouse from 743 leks (breeding display sites) during 2004-2014, we modeled population trends in response to grazing level (represented by a relative grazing index) and timing across a gradient in vegetation productivity as measured by the Normalized Vegetation Difference Index (NDVI)...
March 22, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314144/hydrophobicity-and-polymer-compatibility-of-poss-modified-wyoming-na-montmorillonite-for-developing-polymer-clay-nanocomposites
#7
Rustam Hojiyev, Yusuf Ulcay, Mirabbos Hojamberdiev, Mehmet S Çelik, William M Carty
The aim of the present work was to investigate the hydrophobicity and polymer compatibility of aminopropylisooctyl polyhedral oligomeric silsequioxane (POSS) - modified Na-montmorillonite (Na-MMT) towards developing polymer-clay nanocomposites. The effect of different concentrations of POSS on properties of Na-MMT was studied. The intercalation ability of the POSS molecules into the Na-MMT interlayer was analyzed by X-ray diffraction. It was found that the d001 value was increased with increasing the POSS concentration, indicating the successful intercalation of the POSS molecules into the Na-MMT interlayer...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263254/aerobic-exercise-prescription-in-stroke-rehabilitation-a-web-based-survey-of-us-physical-therapists
#8
Pierce Boyne, Sandra Billinger, Marilyn MacKay-Lyons, Brian Barney, Jane Khoury, Kari Dunning
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Best practice recommendations indicate that aerobic exercise (AEX) should be incorporated into stroke rehabilitation. However, this may be challenging in clinical settings. The purpose of this study was to assess physical therapist (PT) AEX prescription for patients with stroke, including AEX utilization, barriers to AEX prescription, dosing parameters, and safety considerations. METHODS: A cross-sectional Web-based survey study was conducted...
April 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182605/assisted-reproductive-technology-surveillance-united-states-2014
#9
Saswati Sunderam, Dmitry M Kissin, Sara B Crawford, Suzanne G Folger, Denise J Jamieson, Lee Warner, Wanda D Barfield
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Since the first U.S. infant conceived with assisted reproductive technology (ART) was born in 1981, both the use of ART and the number of fertility clinics providing ART services have increased steadily in the United States. ART includes fertility treatments in which eggs or embryos are handled in the laboratory (i.e., in vitro fertilization [IVF] and related procedures). Women who undergo ART procedures are more likely than women who conceive naturally to deliver multiple-birth infants...
February 10, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174736/paths-to-gi-research-in-the-wild-west-tales-from-wyoming
#10
EDITORIAL
Kristopher D Parker, Jason P Gigley, Naomi L Ward
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145053/challenging-terrestrial-biosphere-models-with-data-from-the-long-term-multifactor-prairie-heating-and-co2-enrichment-experiment
#11
Martin G de Kauwe, Belinda E Medlyn, Anthony P Walker, Sönke Zaehle, Shinichi Asao, Bertrand Guenet, Anna B Harper, Thomas Hickler, Atul K Jain, Yiqi Luo, Xingjie Lu, Kristina Luus, William J Parton, Shijie Shu, Ying-Ping Wang, Christian Werner, Jianyang Xia, Elise Pendall, Jack A Morgan, Edmund M Ryan, Yolima Carrillo, Feike A Dijkstra, Tamara J Zelikova, Richard J Norby
Multifactor experiments are often advocated as important for advancing terrestrial biosphere models (TBMs), yet to date, such models have only been tested against single-factor experiments. We applied 10 TBMs to the multifactor Prairie Heating and CO2 Enrichment (PHACE) experiment in Wyoming, USA. Our goals were to investigate how multifactor experiments can be used to constrain models and to identify a road map for model improvement. We found models performed poorly in ambient conditions; there was a wide spread in simulated above-ground net primary productivity (range: 31-390 g C m(-2)  yr(-1) )...
February 1, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144628/de-novo-generation-of-a-unique-cervid-prion-strain-using-protein-misfolding-cyclic-amplification
#12
Crystal Meyerett-Reid, A Christy Wyckoff, Terry Spraker, Bruce Pulford, Heather Bender, Mark D Zabel
Substantial evidence supports the hypothesis that prions are misfolded, infectious, insoluble, and protease-resistant proteins (PrP(RES)) devoid of instructional nucleic acid that cause transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs). Protein misfolding cyclic amplification (PMCA) has provided additional evidence that PrPRes acts as a template that can convert the normal cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) present in uninfected normal brain homogenate (NBH) into the infectious misfolded PrP(RES) isoform. Human PrP(C) has been shown to spontaneously convert to a misfolded pathological state causing sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD)...
January 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133565/detailed-anatomy-of-the-braincase-of-macelognathus-vagans-marsh-1884-archosauria-crocodylomorpha-using-high-resolution-tomography-and-new-insights-on-basal-crocodylomorph-phylogeny
#13
Juan Martin Leardi, Diego Pol, James Matthew Clark
BACKGROUND: Macelognathus vagans Marsh, 1884 from the Late Jurassic Morrison Fm. of Wyoming was originally described as a dinosaur by Marsh and in 1971 Ostrom suggested crocodilian affinities. In 2005, Göhlich and collaborators identified new material of this species from Colorado as a basal crocodylomorph. However, a partial skull found in association with mandibular and postcranial remains was not described. METHODS: Due to the small size and delicate structures within the braincase, micro CT studies were performed on this specimen...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118557/brucellosis-transmission-between-wildlife-and-livestock-in-the-greater-yellowstone-ecosystem-inferences-from-dna-genotyping
#14
Michael P O'Brien, Albano Beja-Pereira, Neil Anderson, Ruben M Ceballos, William H Edwards, Beth Harris, Rick L Wallen, Vânia Costa
The wildlife of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem carries brucellosis, which was first introduced to the area by cattle in the 19th century. Brucellosis transmission between wildlife and livestock has been difficult to study due to challenges in culturing the causative agent, Brucella abortus . We examined B. abortus transmission between American bison ( Bison bison ), Rocky Mountain elk ( Cervus elaphus nelsoni), and cattle ( Bos taurus ) using variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) markers on DNA from 98 B...
April 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102652/changing-rural-and-urban-enrollment-in-state-medicaid-programs
#15
Abigail R Barker, Kelsey Huntzberry, Timothy D McBride, Keith J Mueller
Purpose. From October 2013—before implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA)—to November 2016, Medicaid enrollment grew by 27 percent. However, very little attention has been paid to date to how changes in Medicaid enrollment vary within states across the rural-urban continuum. This brief reports and analyzes changes in enrollment in metropolitan, micropolitan, and rural (noncore) areas in both expansion states (those that used ACA funding to expand Medicaid coverage) and nonexpansion states (those that did not use ACA funding to expand Medicaid coverage)...
January 2017: Rural Policy Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102648/2016-rural-enrollment-in-health-insurance-marketplaces-by-state
#16
Abigail R Barker, Kelsey A Huntzberry, Timothy D McBride, Leah M Kemper, Keith J Mueller
Purpose. In this brief, cumulative county-level enrollment in Health Insurance Marketplaces (HIMs) through March 2016 is presented for state HIMs operated as Federally Facilitated Marketplaces (FFMs) and for those operated as Federally Supported State-Based Marketplaces (FS-SBMs). Enrollment rates in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas of each state, defined as the percentage of “potential market” participants selecting plans, are presented. Monitoring annual enrollment rates provides a gauge of how well state outreach and enrollment efforts are proceeding and helps identify states with strong non-metropolitan enrollment as models for other states to emulate...
January 2017: Rural Policy Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096488/novel-superspreader-bacteriophages-promote-horizontal-gene-transfer-by-transformation
#17
Eric C Keen, Valery V Bliskovsky, Francisco Malagon, James D Baker, Jeffrey S Prince, James S Klaus, Sankar L Adhya
Bacteriophages infect an estimated 10(23) to 10(25) bacterial cells each second, many of which carry physiologically relevant plasmids (e.g., those encoding antibiotic resistance). However, even though phage-plasmid interactions occur on a massive scale and have potentially significant evolutionary, ecological, and biomedical implications, plasmid fate upon phage infection and lysis has not been investigated to date. Here we show that a subset of the natural lytic phage population, which we dub "superspreaders," releases substantial amounts of intact, transformable plasmid DNA upon lysis, thereby promoting horizontal gene transfer by transformation...
January 17, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079717/-out-of-care-hiv-case-investigations-a-collaborative-analysis-across-6-states-in-the-northwest-us
#18
Julia C Dombrowski, Joanna Bove, James C Roscoe, Jessica Harvill, Caislin L Firth, Shireen Khormooji, Jason Carr, Peter Choi, Courtney Smith, Sean D Schafer, Matthew R Golden
BACKGROUND: HIV care continuum estimates derived from laboratory surveillance typically assume that persons without recently reported CD4 count or viral load results are out of care. METHODS: We conducted a multistate project (Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming) to ascertain the status of HIV cases that appeared to be out of care during a 12-month period. We used laboratory surveillance to identify cases in all states but Idaho, where viral load reporting is not mandatory, requiring us to rely on clinic records...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064495/photophysical-behavior-of-isocyanine-clay-hybrids-in-the-solid-state-%C3%A2
#19
Silvano R Valandro, Alessandra L Poli, Thaís F A Correia, Patricia C Lombardo, Carla C Schmitt
In the present study, we have attempted to investigate, for the first time, the photophysical behavior of 1,1'-diethyl-2,4'-cyanine (ICY)/clay mineral hybrids in the solid state. The effects promoted by ICY loading and clay type on the spectroscopic properties were studied by UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DR) and different fluorescence techniques. The hybrids were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). UV-vis-DR revealed the formation of ICY H-aggregates in Wyoming montmorillonite (SWy-1) and Laponite (Lap); however, J-aggregates were predominant for ICY on Arizona (SAz-1) and Barasym (SYn-1) montmorillonites...
January 18, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002335/spatial-and-temporal-variations-of-screening-for-breast-and-colorectal-cancer-in-the-united-states-2008-to-2012
#20
Xue Feng, Xi Tan, Ebtihag O Alenzi, Pragya Rai, Jongwha Chang
Cancer screening tests are important tools to combat cancer-related morbidity and mortality. There is limited up-to-date research on spatial and temporal variations of colorectal and breast cancer screening in the United States.County-level data of cancer screening adherence rates were generated from 2008 to 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. We performed the univariate local indicators for spatial analyses (LISA) for the geographic differences of screening adherence rate and the differential LISA for the change of screening adherence rate from 2008 to 2012...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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