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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769493/immune-response-against-hepatitis-b-virus-after-pentavalent-vaccination-in-children
#1
R Karim, M S Rahman, M S Uddin
This study was done to know the real status of immune response to Hepatitis B vaccine among the pentavalent vaccinated children as per EPI schedule of Bangladesh. It was prospective observational study done in the EPI corner of Paediatric OPD of Dhaka National Medical College & Hospital (DNMCH), Dhaka from July 2015 to July 2016. Sixty (60) children ranging from 9 months to 2 years of age, who received pentavalent vaccination (Hepatitis B + DPT + Hib) according to EPI schedule, were included. The testing for anti-HBs titres were conducted in the Department of Virology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769176/using-feeding-to-reduce-pain-during-vaccination-of-formula-fed-infants-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Netty G P Bos-Veneman, Marrit Otter, Sijmen A Reijneveld
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and potential side effects of formula feeding to reduce pain during vaccination among infants. STUDY DESIGN: In the setting of well-baby clinics we recruited a community-based sample of full-term born infants who were already formula fed by the choice of the parents (n=48, aged 4-10 weeks) and received their first DTaP-IPV-HepB-Hib and pneumococcal vaccinations and randomised them into two groups. To evaluate pain experienced during vaccination we compared infants who drank formula feeding before, during and after vaccination with infants who did not...
May 16, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752131/effectiveness-of-the-dtpa-hbv-ipv-hib-vaccine-against-invasive-haemophilus-influenzae-type-b-disease-in-the-netherlands-2003-16-a-case-control-study
#3
Susana Monge, Susan Jm Hahné, Hester E de Melker, Elisabeth Am Sanders, Arie van der Ende, Mirjam J Knol
BACKGROUND: In 2016, an increase in invasive Haemophilus influenzae serotype b (Hib) disease was reported in the Netherlands in children younger than 5 years, which coincided with the introduction of the hexavalent diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis-hepatitis B virus-inactivated polio virus/Hib vaccine (DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib) from 2011 onwards. We aimed to estimate the effectiveness of the hexavalent vaccine to assess whether this increase could be explained by decreasing effectiveness...
May 8, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752130/hib-combination-vaccines-efficient-and-effective
#4
Cheryl Cohen, Anne von Gottberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720429/clinical-and-bacteriologic-analysis-of-nontypeable-haemophilus-influenzae-strains-isolated-from-children-with-invasive-diseases-japan-2008-2015
#5
Sachiko Naito, Noriko Takeuchi, Misako Ohkusu, Azusa Takahashi-Nakaguchi, Hiroki Takahashi, Naoko Imuta, Junichiro Nishi, Keigo Shibayama, Mayumi Matsuoka, Yuko Sasaki, Naruhiko Ishiwada
Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccines have led to a dramatic reduction in Hib disease in young children worldwide. Nontypeable H. influenzae (NTHi) is now the major cause of invasive H. influenzae infection. We investigated the clinical characteristics of invasive NTHi diseases among children in Japan to clarify the pathogenicity of isolated NTHi strains. The mortality rate was 10.7%, mainly among children with underlying comorbidities. Biotypes II and III were the most common and most (64...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720075/surveillance-of-adverse-events-following-immunisation-in-australia-2015
#6
Aditi Dey, Han Wang, Helen Quinn, Jane Cook, Kristine Macartney
This report summarises Australian passive surveillance data for adverse events following immunisation (AEFI) for 2015 reported to the Therapeutic Goods Administration and compares them to long-term trends. There were 2,924 AEFI records for vaccines administered in 2015; an annual AEFI reporting rate of 12.3 per 100,000 population. There was a decline of 7% in the overall AEFI reporting rate in 2015 compared with 2014. This decline in reported adverse events in 2015 compared to the previous year was mainly attributable to fewer reports following the HPV vaccine and replacement of monovalent vaccines (Hib, MenCCV and varicella) with combination vaccines such as Hib-MenC, and MMRV...
September 1, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717696/extension-of-french-vaccination-mandates-from-the-recommendation-of-the-steering-committee-of-the-citizen-consultation-on-vaccination-to-the-law
#7
Daniel Lévy-Bruhl, Jean-Claude Desenclos, Sylvie Quelet, François Bourdillon
On 4 December 2017, French parliamentarians passed a law extending the vaccination mandates for children up to 2 years of age from three vaccinations (against diphtheria, tetanus and poliomyelitis) to 11 by adding vaccinations against pertussis, Haemophilus influenza b (Hib), hepatitis B, pneumococcal diseases, meningococcal C diseases, measles, mumps and rubella. This vote follows a recommendation made by the Steering Committee of the Citizen Consultation on Vaccination that took place in 2016. The law applies to all children born after 1 January 2018...
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685594/safety-tolerability-and-immunogenicity-of-intramuscular-administration-of-prp-crm-197-hib-vaccine-to-healthy-japanese-children-an-open-label-trial
#8
Takehiro Togashi, Nodoka Mitsuya, Shuji Sumino, Yohei Takanami
BACKGROUND: Japan licensed the conjugate Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine, Vaxem™ Hib, based on clinical studies using subcutaneous injection. The present study was performed to ensure this vaccine is suitable for intramuscular injection in Japanese children. METHODS: Thirty-one healthy 2-6-month-old infants received three doses of Vaxem™ Hib by intramuscular injection at 4-week intervals and a booster dose 1 year later, concomitant with routine infant (DTaP-IPV and pneumococcal) and toddler (measles-rubella) vaccines...
April 20, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675174/a-modular-synthetic-route-to-size-defined-immunogenic-haemophilus-influenzae-b-antigens-is-key-to-the-identification-of-an-octasaccharide-lead-vaccine-candidate
#9
J Y Baek, A Geissner, D C K Rathwell, D Meierhofer, C L Pereira, P H Seeberger
The first glycoconjugate vaccine using isolated glycans was licensed to protect children from Haemophilus influenzae serotype b (Hib) infections. Subsequently, the first semisynthetic glycoconjugate vaccine using a mixture of antigens derived by polymerization targeted the same pathogen. Still, a detailed understanding concerning the correlation between oligosaccharide chain length and the immune response towards the polyribosyl-ribitol-phosphate (PRP) capsular polysaccharide that surrounds Hib remains elusive...
February 7, 2018: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668816/compliance-with-the-vaccination-schedule-in-children-hospitalized-with-pneumonia-and-associated-factors
#10
Amanda Tabosa Pereira da Silva, Eduardo Jorge da Fonseca Lima, Maria de Fátima Costa Caminha, Andresa Tabosa Pereira da Silva, Edil de Albuquerque Rodrigues Filho, Carmina Silva Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: To verify the adequacy and factors associated with compliance with the immunization schedule (BCG, DTP-Hib, MMR, PCV-10) in children hospitalized with pneumonia at a pediatric referral hospital in Northeast Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive study with an analytical component, with a sample of 452 children hospitalized with pneumonia at the Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira, between 2010 and 2013. The inclusion criterion was children aged from one month to less than five years of age with proof in the immunization record...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668078/adherence-and-immune-response-to-revaccination-following-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-at-a-pediatric-onco-hematology-reference-center
#11
Fernanda Gouveia-Alves, Roseane Gouveia, Valéria C Ginani, Adriana Seber, Danielle A Kuramoto, Gabriel F A Murad, Fernanda G Spina, Antonio S Petrilli, Victor G Zecchin, Celso Granato, Fabianne Carlesse, M Isabel de Moraes-Pinto
BACKGROUND: Revaccination after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is necessary to compensate for the loss of immunological memory. The aims of this study were to evaluate the adherence to revaccination schedule and the humoral immune response to different vaccine antigens in HSCT pediatric and young adult patients. METHODS: Patients submitted to HSCT for over 3 years were recruited. After written informed consent, a questionnaire was filled in, the vaccination card was analyzed, a blood sample was collected and tested by ELISA for diphtheria, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), hepatitis A, hepatitis B, tetanus, measles, rubella and varicella antibodies...
April 18, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655624/post-immunization-leucocytosis-and-its-implications-for-the-management-of-febrile-infants
#12
Sarah Prentice, Zephyrian Kamushaaga, Stephen B Nash, Alison M Elliott, Hazel M Dockrell, Stephen Cose
AIMS: Clinical guidelines for management of infants with fever but no evident focus of infection recommend that those aged 1-3 months with a white cell count >15 × 109 /l have a full septic screen and be admitted for parenteral antibiotics. However, there is limited information about leucocyte changes following routine immunization, a common cause of fever. We investigated white cell counts shortly after routine immunization in Ugandan infants under 3 months of age. METHODS: White cell counts were measured in 212 healthy infants following routine immunizations (DTwP-HepB-Hib, oral polio and pneumococcal conjugate 7 vaccines) received prior to 3 months of age...
April 11, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620722/immunogenicity-and-reactogenicity-of-dtpa-hbv-ipv-hib-and-phid-cv-when-co-administered-with-menacwy-tt-in-infants-results-of-an-open-randomized-trial
#13
Jose Manuel Merino Arribas, Alfonso Carmona Martínez, Michael Horn, Xavier Maria Perez Porcuna, Maria Del Carmen Otero Reigada, Josep Marès Bermúdez, Fernando Centeno Malfaz, Mariano Miranda, Maria Mendez, Miguel Angel Garcia Cabezas, Wittermann Christoph, Gerhard Bleckmann, Thomas Fischbach, Devayani Kolhe, Marie Van der Wielen, Yaela Baine
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the immunogenicity and reactogenicity of a combined diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis-hepatitis B-inactivated poliovirus virus-Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine (DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib) and a 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PHiD-CV) co-administered with a quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MenACWY-TT) in infants/toddlers. METHODS: In this open, controlled, phase III study (NCT01144663), 2095 healthy infants were randomised (1:1:1:1) into 4 groups to receive MenACWY-TT at 2, 3, 4 and 12 months of age, or MenACWY-TT, MenC-CRM197 or MenC-TT at 2, 4 and 12 months of age...
March 31, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606518/factors-associated-with-routine-immunization-coverage-of-children-under-one-year-old-in-lao-people-s-democratic-republic
#14
Bounfeng Phoummalaysith, Eiko Yamamoto, Anonh Xeuatvongsa, Viengsakhone Louangpradith, Bounxou Keohavong, Yu Mon Saw, Nobuyuki Hamajima
BACKGROUND: Routine vaccination is administered free of charge to all children under one year old in Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) and the national goal is to achieve at least 95% coverage with all vaccines included in the national immunization program by 2025. In this study, factors related to the immunization system and characteristics of provinces and districts in Lao PDR were examined to evaluate the association with routine immunization coverage. METHODS: Coverage rates for Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis-Hepatitis B (DTP-HepB), DTP-HepB-Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type B), polio (OPV), and measles (MCV1) vaccines from 2002 to 2014 collected through regular reporting system, were used to identify the immunization coverage trends in Lao PDR...
March 29, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580640/a-randomized-open-label-trial-to-evaluate-and-compare-the-immunogenicity-and-safety-of-a-novel-liquid-hexavalent-dtwp-hib-hep-b-ipv-easysix%C3%A2-to-licensed-combination-vaccines-in-healthy-infants
#15
Lalitendu Mohanty, Sunil Sharma, Beauty Behera, Sachin Panwar, Charu Paliwal, Anu Gupta, Deepak Chandra Chilkoti, Anit Singh
Immunogenicity and safety of a newly developed liquid DTwP-Hib/HepB-IPV hexavalent vaccine (EasySix™) was evaluated and compared with administration of commercially licensed Pentavac SD® (DTwP-HepB/Hib) and Imovax Polio® vaccine in an open-label, randomized multi-centric trial. 284 participants, aged 6-10weeks, randomized in a 1:1 allocation, received three doses of test or comparator vaccines, administered 4weeks apart. Immunogenicity of the vaccines was determined by measuring the baseline and post-vaccination antibody responses and comparing the proportions of subjects achieving seroprotection against the vaccine antigens; safety was evaluated in terms of solicited (local and systemic) and unsolicited incidences in the follow up phase...
April 19, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573974/the-risk-of-neurodevelopmental-disorders-following-thimerosal-containing-hib-vaccine-in-comparison-to-thimerosal-free-hib-vaccine-administered-from-1995-to-1999-in-the-united-states
#16
David A Geier, Janet K Kern, Kristin G Homme, Mark R Geier
Investigators postulated that early-life exposure to organic mercury (Hg) significantly increases the risk of childhood neurodevelopmental disorders (NDs). The Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System database was utilized to conduct a hypothesis testing case-control study by evaluating 3486 total adverse event reports reported following Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib) vaccination. Exposed subjects received a Thimerosal-containing formulation (HIBTITER™, Wyeth-Lederle), while unexposed subjects received a Thimerosal-free formulation (PEDVAXHIB™, Merck)...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546927/-hypotonic-hyporesponsive-episode-after-immunization-with-whole-cell-pertussis-combination-vaccine-clinical-case-report
#17
Juliana Velasco, David A Montero, Miguel Guzmán
INTRODUCTION: Hypotonic-Hyporesponsive Episode (HHE) is an adverse event after vaccination, mainly associated with whole-cell pertussis vaccines. It is characterized by a sudden onset of muscle flaccidity, reduced response to stimuli and pallor or cyanosis. Although the HHE is infrequent, it is considered a severe adverse event. OBJECTIVE: To report a case of HHE following the administration of the whole-cell pertussis combination vaccine (DTwP-HB-Hib), which is included in National Im munization Program (PNI) of Chile, and to contributing to the knowledge of this adverse event in the country...
December 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540644/the-incidence-of-pediatric-invasive-bacterial-diseases-in-nippon-medical-school-chiba-hokusoh-hospital-before-and-after-the-introduction-of-conjugate-vaccines
#18
Toumi Sano, Tamaho Suzuki, Ayako Nishigori, Chiharu Miyatake, Shinya Koizumi, Kiyohiko Kaizu, Atsushi Fujita, Mitsuhiro Kamisago, Bin Chang, Naruhiko Ishiwada, Takeshi Asano
The introduction of the Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine and the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) has led to dramatic reductions in cases of invasive H. influenzae disease and invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD). After the introduction of the PCV7 and the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13), the number of children with IPD markedly decreased in our hospital. However, since 2015, three children with IPD have been admitted to our hospital. We analyzed the serotype, multilocus sequence type, and antimicrobial susceptibility of Streptococcus pneumoniae strains isolated in these newly diagnosed cases...
2018: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514773/effect-of-mobile-phone-text-message-reminders-on-routine-immunization-uptake-in-pakistan-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Abdul Momin Kazi, Murtaza Ali, Khurram Zubair, Hussain Kalimuddin, Abdul Nafey Kazi, Saleem Perwaiz Iqbal, Jean-Paul Collet, Syed Asad Ali
BACKGROUND: Improved routine immunization (RI) coverage is recommended as the priority public health strategy to decrease vaccine-preventable diseases and eradicate polio in Pakistan and worldwide. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to ascertain whether customized, automated, one-way text messaging (short message service, SMS) reminders delivered to caregivers via mobile phones when a child is due for an RI visit can improve vaccination uptake and timelines in Pakistan...
March 7, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511602/infectious-disease-risk-and-vaccination-in-northern-syria-after-5-years-of-civil-war-the-msf-experience
#20
Alan de Lima Pereira, Rosamund Southgate, Hikmet Ahmed, Penelope O'Connor, Vanessa Cramond, Annick Lenglet
Introduction: In 2015, following an influx of population into Kobanê in northern Syria, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) in collaboration with the Kobanê Health Administration (KHA) initiated primary healthcare activities. A vaccination coverage survey and vaccine-preventable disease (VPD) risk analysis were undertaken to clarify the VPD risk and vaccination needs. This was followed by a measles Supplementary Immunization Activity (SIA). We describe the methods and results used for this prioritisation activity around vaccination in Kobanê in 2015...
February 2, 2018: PLoS Currents
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