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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650884/can-surgeon-demographic-factors-predict-postoperative-complication-rates-after-elective-spinal-fusion
#1
Danielle S Chun, Ralph W Cook, Joseph A Weiner, Michael S Schallmo, Kathryn A Barth, Sameer K Singh, Ryan D Freshman, Alpesh A Patel, Wellington K Hsu
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. OBJECTIVE: Determine whether surgeon demographic factors influence postoperative complication rates after elective spine fusion procedures. BACKGROUND: Surgeon demographic factors have been shown to impact decision making in the management of degenerative disease of the lumbar spine. Complication rates are frequently reported outcome measurements used to evaluate surgical treatments, quality-of-care, and determine health care reimbursements...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645984/facilitators-and-barriers-to-participation-of-private-sector-health-facilities-in-government-led-schemes-for-maternity-services-in-india-a-qualitative-study
#2
Vikas Yadav, Somesh Kumar, Sudharsanam Balasubramaniam, Ashish Srivastava, Suranjeen Pallipamula, Parvez Memon, Dinesh Singh, Saurabh Bhargava, Greeshma Ann Sunil, Bulbul Sood
OBJECTIVE: Despite provision of accreditation of private sector health providers in government-led schemes for maternity services in India, their participation has been low. This has led to an underutilisation of their presence, resources and expertise for providing quality maternal and newborn health services. This study explores the perception of various stakeholders on expectations, benefits, barriers and facilitators to private sector participation in government-led schemes-specifically Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY)-for maternity service delivery...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644930/trends-in-open-and-endoscopic-cubital-tunnel-release-in-the-medicare-patient-population
#3
Tsun Yee Law, Zachary S Hubbard, Lee Onn Chieng, Harvey W Chim
BACKGROUND: Cubital tunnel syndrome (CUT) is the second most common peripheral neuropathy with an annual incidence of 24.7 per 100 000, affecting nearly twice as many men as women. With increasing focus on cost-effectiveness and cost-containment in medicine, a critical understanding of utilization of health care resources for open and endoscopic approaches for cubital tunnel release is of value. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the costs and utilization trends of open and endoscopic cubital tunnel release...
July 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628586/building-a-pediatric-oral-health-training-curriculum-for-community-health-workers
#4
Molly Martin, William Frese, Christie Lumsden, Anna Sandoval
OBJECTIVES: Community health workers (CHWs) are a promising approach to oral health promotion in high-risk populations. This article describes the process of creating a pediatric oral health CHW training curriculum. DESIGN: Existing curricula were identified through outreach efforts to experts in the oral health and CHW fields, as well as PubMed and Google searches. After coding basic information, curricula were mapped to define oral health domains. Then group discussion was employed to determine final curriculum contents...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627110/patient-preferences-for-healthcare-delivery-through-community-pharmacy-settings-in-the-usa-a-discrete-choice-study
#5
M Feehan, M Walsh, J Godin, D Sundwall, M A Munger
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: In order to improve public health, it is necessary to facilitate patients' easy access to affordable high-quality primary health care, and one enhanced approach to do so may be to provide primary healthcare services in the community pharmacy setting. Discrete choice experiments to evaluate patient demand for services in pharmacy are relatively limited and have been hampered by a focus on only a few service alternatives, most focusing on changes in more traditional pharmacy services...
June 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624065/trends-in-open-and-endoscopic-carpal-tunnel-release-utilization-in-the-medicare-patient-population
#6
Tsun Yee Law, Samuel Rosas, Zachary S Hubbard, Lee Onn Chieng, Harvey W Chim
BACKGROUND: Surgical management of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is performed with an open or endoscopic approach. Current literature suggests that the endoscopic approach is associated with higher costs and a steeper learning curve. This study evaluated the billing and utilization trends of both approaches. METHODS: A retrospective review of a Medicare database within the PearlDiver Supercomputer (Warsaw, IN) was performed for patients undergoing open carpal tunnel release (OCTR) or endoscopic carpal tunnel release (ECTR) from 2005-2012...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617160/rising-need-for-health-education-among-renal-transplant-patients-and-caregiving-competence-in-care-providers
#7
Jianfei Xie, Yingzi Ming, Siqing Ding, Xiaoxia Wu, Jia Liu, Lifang Liu, Jianda Zhou
BACKGROUND: Health education positively affects the efficacy of self-management and should be carried out according to the status of patients' needs, knowledge, and the competence of the primary caregivers. OBJECTIVES: This study was to investigate the needs of health education knowledge in transplant patients and the competence of the primary caregivers. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study using a convenient sampling approach. Self-report questionnaires were applied to 351 renal transplantation patients and their primary caregivers...
June 2017: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611985/adaptation-through-collaboration-developing-novel-platforms-to-advance-the-delivery-of-advanced-therapies-to-patients
#8
REVIEW
Magdalini Papadaki
For the nascent field of advanced therapies, collaboration will be a game-changer, turning scientific progress that was once unimaginable into transformative medical practice. Despite promise for lifelong management and even cure of disease, skepticism remains about the feasibility of their delivery to patients, fueling investment risks. With the potential for long-term effectiveness in need of frequent reassessment, current approaches to predict real-life drug performance bear little relevance, necessitating novel and iterative schemes to monitoring the benefit-risk profiles throughout the life span of advanced therapies...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609324/results-of-the-2015-scoliosis-research-society-survey-on-single-versus-dual-attending-surgeon-approach-for-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery
#9
Justin K Scheer, Rajiv K Sethi, Lloyd A Hey, Michael O LaGrone, Malla Keefe, Henry E Aryan, Thomas J Errico, Vedat Deviren, Robert A Hart, Virginie Lafage, Frank Schwab, Michael D Daubs, Christopher P Ames
STUDY DESIGN: An electronic survey administered to Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) membership. OBJECTIVE: To characterize surgeon practices and views regarding the use of two attending surgeons for adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The use of two experienced attending surgeons can decrease the operative time, estimated blood loss, and perioperative complication rates. However, the current practice patterns for the use of two attending surgeons remains unknown...
June 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591799/incentivizing-universal-safe-delivery-in-nepal-10%C3%A2-years-of-experience
#10
Tim Ensor, Hema Bhatt, Suresh Tiwari
Payments to users and providers of health services are an important ingredient in attempts to promote universal health coverage in low resource settings. The maternal health programme in Nepal explicitly recognizes that ensuring universal access to safe delivery care requires policies that both ensure effective services and overcome demand-side barriers. The programme has used three innovative financing initiatives to stimulate an increase in the use of facility-based delivery: the maternity incentive scheme (2005) reimbursing women for accessing a facility, activity payments in poor districts (2006) and universal free-delivery (2009)...
June 7, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585879/continuous-glucose-monitoring-a-review-of-recent-studies-demonstrating-improved-glycemic-outcomes
#11
David Rodbard
Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) has been demonstrated to be clinically valuable, reducing risks of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia, glycemic variability (GV), and improving patient quality of life for a wide range of patient populations and clinical indications. Use of CGM can help reduce HbA1c and mean glucose. One CGM device, with accuracy (%MARD) of approximately 10%, has recently been approved for self-adjustment of insulin dosages (nonadjuvant use) and approved for reimbursement for therapeutic use in the United States...
June 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550438/what-are-the-real-procedural-costs-of-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-literature-review-of-published-cost-analyses
#12
REVIEW
Brett Doble, Sarah Wordsworth, Chris A Rogers, Richard Welbourn, James Byrne, Jane M Blazeby
This review aims to evaluate the current literature on the procedural costs of bariatric surgery for the treatment of severe obesity. Using a published framework for the conduct of micro-costing studies for surgical interventions, existing cost estimates from the literature are assessed for their accuracy, reliability and comprehensiveness based on their consideration of seven 'important' cost components. MEDLINE, PubMed, key journals and reference lists of included studies were searched up to January 2017...
May 26, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549000/a-comparison-of-anterior-and-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusions-complications-readmissions-discharge-dispositions-and-costs
#13
Rabia Qureshi, Varun Puvanesarajah, Amit Jain, Adam L Shimer, Francis H Shen, Hamid Hassanzadeh
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective Database Review OBJECTIVE.: To understand medical complication rates, readmission rates, costs and discharge dispositions in ALIFs versus TLIF/PLIFs for lumbar degenerative disease. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Indications for anterior (ALIFs) vs posterior lumbar interbody fusions (PLIFs) can vary, though benefits of anterior approach surgery include full access to the anterior column and ability to place fusion devices. METHODS: The PearlDiver Database of Medicare records was utilized for this retrospective database review...
May 25, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534602/the-management-of-moderate-to-severe-chronic-plaque-psoriasis
#14
Annalisa Tonini, Salvatore Panduri, Angelo M D'Erme, Francesca Papadia, Marco Romanelli, James G Krueger, Andrea Chiricozzi
Recent approval and marketization of novel treatments have widened the range of therapeutic opportunities for moderate-to-severe psoriasis. In the next years, this panorama will be further enlarged as many other agents, both oral small molecules and biologics, have passed phase III and are expected to be approved, and subsequently marketed, shortly. In spite of this array of therapeutic possibilities, there is still an unmet need for an appropriate treatment in a large number of cases. This review was aimed to describe general principles regarding the therapeutic approach to moderate-severe plaque psoriasis, providing an updated overview of the therapeutic armamentarium that is specifically available in Italy, drug prescribility, and some peculiar limitations for reimbursement defined by our National Health Care System...
May 23, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524730/recent-advances-in-genetic-testing-for-familial-hypercholesterolemia
#15
Michael A Iacocca, Robert A Hegele
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a common genetic cause of premature coronary heart disease that is widely underdiagnosed and undertreated. To improve the identification of FH and initiate timely and appropriate treatment strategies, genetic testing is becoming increasingly offered worldwide as a central part of diagnosis. Areas covered: Recent advances have been propelled by an improved understanding of the genetic determinants of FH together with substantially reduced costs of appropriate screening strategies...
July 2017: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520605/reducing-postsurgical-wound-complications-a-critical-review
#16
Barbara Delmore, Joshua Mitchell Cohen, Daniel O'Neill, Andy Chu, Vinh Pham, Ernest Chiu
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information on risk factors for surgical site infections (SSIs) and actions to mitigate that risk. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for surgeons, surgical teams, physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to:1...
June 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511830/personality-disorders-and-the-difficult-dermatology-patient-maximizing-patient-satisfaction
#17
Mio Nakamura, John Koo
Personality disorders (PDs) are stable and enduring patterns of thought, feeling, and behavior that deviate from one's cultural norms and cause impairment in functionality. Patients with PDs are commonly encountered in the dermatologic setting and can be perceived by providers as "difficult." Given that PDs are chronic, rigid, and frustrating to deal with, it is important to be skillful in the approach to such patients, especially in the era of the value-based reimbursement system, in which patient satisfaction is crucial for reimbursement...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504223/belgium-coronary-and-structural-heart-interventions-from-2010-to-2015
#18
Walter Desmet, Adel Aminian, Joëlle Kefer, Joseph Dens, Johan Bosmans, Marc Claeys, Christophe Dubois, Olivier Gach, Luc Janssens, Erwin Schroeder, Paul Vermeersch, Marc Carlier, Edouard Benit, Claude Hanet
In a ranking of the gross domestic product per capita in 2015, Belgium ranked 19th in the world according to the International Monetary Fun1d and the World Bank. It has a Human Development Index of 0.890, in which it is preceded by only 20 other countries in the world. This is, at least in part, due to a well-developed social security system on which all citizens can rely. Over the last 5-10 years, however, this system has come under increasing pressure. This has resulted in insufficient, incomplete and late reimbursement of all technologies that were introduced over the last ten years in the cathlab: intracoronary imaging techniques are not reimbursed at all, and FFR only to a vastly insufficient degree...
May 15, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490614/value-in-cardiovascular-care
#19
REVIEW
Steven M Bradley, Craig E Strauss, P Michael Ho
Healthcare value, defined as health outcomes achieved relative to the costs of care, has been proposed as a unifying approach to measure improvements in the quality and affordability of healthcare. Although value is of increasing interest to payers, many providers remain unfamiliar with how value differs from other approaches to the comparison of cost and outcomes (ie, cost-effectiveness analysis). While cost-effectiveness studies can be used by policy makers and payers to inform decisions about coverage and reimbursement for new therapies, the assessment of healthcare can guide improvements in the delivery of healthcare to achieve better outcomes at lower cost...
May 10, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487001/effect-of-medicare-s-nonpayment-policy-on-surgical-site-infections-following-orthopedic-procedures
#20
Jereen Z Kwong, Yingjie Weng, Micaela Finnegan, Robyn Schaffer, Austin Remington, Catherine Curtin, Kathryn M McDonald, Jay Bhattacharya, Tina Hernandez-Boussard
OBJECTIVE Orthopedic procedures are an important focus in efforts to reduce surgical site infections (SSIs). In 2008, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid (CMS) stopped reimbursements for additional charges associated with serious hospital-acquired conditions, including SSI following certain orthopedic procedures. We aimed to evaluate the CMS policy's effect on rates of targeted orthopedic SSIs among the Medicare population. DESIGN We examined SSI rates following orthopedic procedures among the Medicare population before and after policy implementation compared to a similarly aged control group...
May 10, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
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