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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044929/anticancer-activity-of-vmct1-analogs-against-mcf-7-cells
#1
Cibele Nicolaski Pedron, Gislaine Patricia Andrade, Roseli Hiromi Sato, Marcelo Der Torossian Torres, Giselle Cerchiaro, Anderson Orzari Ribeiro, Vani Xavier Oliveira Junior
Antimicrobial peptides are considered promising drug candidates due to their broad range of activity. VmCT1 (Phe-Leu-Gly-Ala-Leu-Trp-Asn-Val-Ala-Lys-Ser-Val-Phe-NH2 ) is an α-helical antimicrobial peptide that was obtained from the Vaejovis mexicanus smithi scorpion venom. Some of its analogs showed to be as antimicrobial as the wild type and they were designed for understanding the influence of physiochemical parameters on antimicrobial and hemolytic activity. Some cationic antimicrobial peptides exhibit anticancer activity so VmCT1 analogs were tested in order to verify the anticancer activity of this family of peptides...
October 17, 2017: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043829/postpartum-acute-hemolytic-transfusion-reactions-associated-with-anti-lea-in-two-pregnancies-complicated-by-preeclampsia
#2
Marcia Marchese
Lewis blood group antibodies, which are mostly naturally occurring and considered clinically insignificant, have rarely been documented as a cause of acute hemolytic transfusion reactions (AHTRs). This report presents two cases of AHTRs caused by anti-Lea occurring in postpartum black females (one group B, one group AB) whose pregnancies were complicated by preeclampsia. Neither anti-Lea was detected by automated solid-phase red cell adherence technology in pre-transfusion testing. Therefore, red blood cell units, compatible by electronic crossmatch, were issued and transfused...
September 2017: Immunohematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043828/a-lu-16-individual-with-antibodies
#3
Carole Éthier, Cynthia Parent, Anne-Sophie Lemay, Nadia Baillargeon, Geneviève Laflamme, Josée Lavoie, Josée Perreault, Maryse St-Louis
Antibodies against Lutheran blood group antigens have been observed during first-time pregnancy. Samples from a woman of African descent were tested in our immunohematology laboratory on several occasions since 2001. Her samples were phenotyped as Lu(a+b-), and anti-Lub was suspected but not identified. She was asked to make autologous donations in preparation for her delivery, which she did. In 2010, two antibodies were identified: anti-Lea and -Lub. Six years later, a third investigation was requested. This time, an antibody directed at a high-prevalence Lutheran antigen was found in addition to the anti-Lea and -Lub previously observed...
September 2017: Immunohematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043602/fluorinated-pyrrole-incorporated-2-thiazolyl-hydrazone-motifs-a-new-class-of-antimicrobial-and-anti-tuberculosis-agents
#4
P V Sowmya, Boja Poojary, Vasantha Kumar, U Vishwanatha, Premalatha Shetty
In aim of obtaining novel bio-active compounds, a new series of fluorinated 1-(4-(aryl)thiazol-2-yl)-2-((1-(aryl)-2,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrrol-3-yl)methylene)hydrazines (5a-t) and 1-(4-(4-aryl)thiazol-2-yl)-2-((3-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)methylene)hydrazines (8a-d) were synthesized and screened for their antibacterial and antifungal activities. The potent compounds were further screened in vitro for anti-tuberculosis activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv strain. Compounds 5a, 5c-5h and 5m were found to be good inhibitors of B...
October 17, 2017: Archives of Pharmacal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042926/anti-egfr-antibody-conjugated-silica-nanoparticles-as-probes-for-lung-cancer-detection
#5
Jun Wan, Wei Wu, Renquan Zhang, Shandong Liu, Yunlong Huang
A well-designed nanosystem [anti-epidermal growth factor receptor-MB-encapsulated thiol-terminated silica nanoparticles (EGFR/MB-SHSi) complexes] containing silica nanoparticles and near-infrared fluorescence dye (NIRF) methylene blue (MB) was established as a tumor-targeted probe for potential lung cancer detection. The anti-EGFR/MB-SHSi complexes exhibited desirable and homogenous particle size, high bovine serum albumin stability, low hemolytic activity, neutral surface charges and negligible cytotoxicity in vitro...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042465/thrombotic-microangiopathy-and-the-kidney
#6
Vicky Brocklebank, Katrina M Wood, David Kavanagh
Thrombotic microangiopathy can manifest in a diverse range of diseases and is characterized by thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, and organ injury, including AKI. It can be associated with significant morbidity and mortality, but a systematic approach to investigation and prompt initiation of supportive management and, in some cases, effective specific treatment can result in good outcomes. This review considers the classification, pathology, epidemiology, characteristics, and pathogenesis of the thrombotic microangiopathies, and outlines a pragmatic approach to diagnosis and management...
October 17, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040872/highly-elevated-plasma-level-of-von-willebrand-factor-accelerates-the-formation-of-platelet-thrombus-under-high-shear-stress-in-plasma-with-deficient-adamts13-activity
#7
Hideo Yagi, Naoko Yamaguchi, Yasuaki Shida, Mitsuhiko Sugimoto, Kazuo Tubaki, Yoshihiro Fujimura, Masanori Matsumoto
Upshaw-Schulman syndrome (USS) is a thrombo-hemorrhagic disease caused by congenital deficiency of ADAMTS13 due to ADAMTS13 gene mutations. USS is characterized by repeated episodes of thrombocytopenia and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia that respond dramatically to infusions of fresh frozen plasma. There are two phenotypic expressions of USS: one is the early-onset type and the other, the late-onset type, is asymptomatic during childhood with the first bout of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) developing after adolescence or during adulthood...
October 10, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040411/handoc-a-handy-score-to-determine-the-need-for-echocardiography-in-non-beta-hemolytic-streptococcal-bacteremia
#8
Torgny Sunnerhagen, Amanda Törnell, Maria Vikbrant, Bo Nilson, Magnus Rasmussen
Background: Non-beta-hemolytic streptococci (NBHS) are a common cause of infective endocarditis (IE). Echocardiography is used to diagnose IE, but it is not known which patients with NBHS bacteremia should undergo echocardiography. Method: Medical records of patients with NBHS bacteremia in southern Sweden from 2012-2014 were studied retrospectively. The patients were divided into two cohorts. In the first, correlations between the reported data and IE were studied...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040295/hydrophobic-residues-are-critical-for-the-helix-forming-hemolytic-and-bactericidal-activities-of-amphipathic-antimicrobial-peptide-tp4
#9
Ting-Wei Chang, Shu-Yi Wei, Shih-Han Wang, Hung-Mu Wei, Yu-June Wang, Chiu-Feng Wang, Chinpan Chen, You-Di Liao
Antimicrobial peptides are important components of the host innate defense mechanism against invading pathogens, especially for drug-resistant bacteria. In addition to bactericidal activity, the 25 residue peptide TP4 isolated from Nile tilapia also stimulates cell proliferation and regulates the innate immune system in mice. In this report, TP4 hyperpolarized and depolarized the membrane potential of Pseudomonas aeruginosa at sub-lethal and lethal concentrations. It also inhibited and eradicated biofilm formation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040286/human-babesiosis-indication-of-a-molecular-mimicry-between-thrombospondin-domains-from-a-novel-babesia-microti-bmp53-protein-and-host-platelets-molecules
#10
Ahmed Abdelmoniem Mousa, Daniel Barry Roche, Mohamad Alaa Terkawi, Kyohko Kameyama, Ketsarin Kamyingkird, Patrick Vudriko, Akram Salama, Shinuo Cao, Sahar Orabi, Hanem Khalifa, Mohamed Ahmed, Mabrouk Attia, Ahmed Elkirdasy, Yoshifumi Nishikawa, Xuenan Xuan, Emmanuel Cornillot
Human babesiosis is caused by the apicomplexan parasite Babesia microti, which is of major public health concern in the United States and elsewhere, resulting in malaise and fatigue, followed by a fever and hemolytic anemia. In this paper we focus on the characterization of a novel B. microti thrombospondin domain (TSP1)-containing protein (BmP53) from the new annotation of the B. microti genome (locus 'BmR1_04g09041'). This novel protein (BmP53) had a single TSP1 and a transmembrane domain, with a short cytoplasmic tail containing a sub-terminal glutamine residue, but no signal peptide and Von Willebrand factor type A domains (VWA), which are found in classical thrombospondin-related adhesive proteins (TRAP)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039760/sea-cucumber-glycosides-chemical-structures-producing-species-and-important-biological-properties
#11
REVIEW
Muhammad Abdul Mojid Mondol, Hee Jae Shin, M Aminur Rahman, Mohamad Tofazzal Islam
Sea cucumbers belonging to echinoderm are traditionally used as tonic food in China and other Asian countries. They produce abundant biologically active triterpene glycosides. More than 300 triterpene glycosides have been isolated and characterized from various species of sea cucumbers, which are classified as holostane and nonholostane depending on the presence or absence of a specific structural unit γ(18,20)-lactone in the aglycone. Triterpene glycosides contain a carbohydrate chain up to six monosaccharide units mainly consisting of d-xylose, 3-O-methy-d-xylose, d-glucose, 3-O-methyl-d-glucose, and d-quinovose...
October 17, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039324/synthesis-pharmacological-screening-and-computational-analysis-of-some-2-1h-indol-3-yl-n-un-substituted-phenylmethylidene-acetohydrazides-and-2-1h-indol-3-yl-n-un-substituted-benzoyl-2-thienylcarbonyl-acetohydrazides
#12
Kaniz Rubab, Muhammad Athar Abbasi, Azizur Rehman, Sabahat Zahra Siddiqui, Syed Adnan Ali Shah, Muhammad Ashraf, Quratul Ain, Irshad Ahmad, Muhammad Arif Lodhi, Mehreen Ghufran, Muhammad Shahid, Hina Fatima
The undertaken research was initiated by transforming 2-(1H-Indol-3-yl)acetic acid (1) in catalytic amount of sulfuric acid and ethanol to ethyl 2-(1H-Indol-3-yl)acetate (2), which was then reacted with hydrazine monohydrate in methanol to form 2-(1H-Indol-3-yl)acetohydrazide (3). Further, The reaction scheme was designed into two pathways where, first pathway involved The reaction of 3 with substituted aromatic aldehydes (4a-o) in methanol with few drops of glacial acetic acid to generate 2-(1H-Indol-3-yl)-N'-[(un)substitutedphenylmethylidene]acetohydrazides (5a-o) and in second pathway 3 was reacted with acyl halides (6a-e) in basic aqueous medium (pH 9-10) to afford 2-(1H-Indol-3-yl)-N'-[(un)substitutedbenzoyl/2-thienylcarbonyl]acetohydrazides (7a-e)...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039096/updated-method-for-in-vitro-analysis-of-nanoparticle-hemolytic-properties
#13
Barry W Neun, Anna N Ilinskaya, Marina A Dobrovolskaia
Hemolysis is damage to red blood cells (RBCs), which results in the release of the iron-containing protein hemoglobin into plasma. An in vitro assay was developed and described earlier for the analysis of nanoparticle hemolytic properties. Herein, we present a revised version of the original protocol. In this protocol, analyte nanoparticles and controls are incubated in blood. Undamaged RBCs are removed by centrifugation and hemoglobin, released by the damaged erythrocytes, is converted to cyanmethemoglobin by incubation with Drabkin's reagent...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038461/the-bacteroidales-produce-an-n-acylated-derivative-of-glycine-with-both-cholesterol-solubilising-and-hemolytic-activity
#14
Alli Lynch, Elaine Crowley, Eoghan Casey, Rafael Cano, Rachel Shanahan, Ger McGlacken, Julian R Marchesi, David J Clarke
The contribution of the gut microbiota to the metabolism of cholesterol is not well understood. In this study, we identify 21 fosmid clones from a human gut microbiome metagenomic library that, when expressed in Escherichia coli, produce halos on LB agar supplemented with 0.01% (w/v) cholesterol (LBC agar). Analysis of 14 of these clones revealed that they all share a fragment of DNA with homology to the genome of Bacteroides vulgatus. The gene responsible for halo production on LBC agar, named choA, was identified as an N-acyltransferase known to produce an acylated glycine molecule called commendamide...
October 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038057/bio-prospecting-of-coral-porites-lutea-mucus-associated-bacteria-palk-bay-reefs-southeast-coast-of-india
#15
N K Ahila, S Prakash, B Manikandan, J Ravindran, N M Prabhu, E Kannapiran
Coral mucus is one of the key localization in the coral holobiont, as this serves as an energy rich substrate for a wide range of abundant, diverse and multifunctional microbiota. However, very little is known about the functional role of bacterial communities in their associations with corals. In the present study, a total of 48 isolates were obtained from Porites lutea wherein the genus of Bacillus sp. and Vibrio sp. were predominant. Bio-prospecting the coral mucus revealed the existence of (10.42%) antagonistic bacteria against the tested bacterial pathogens...
October 13, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037262/molecular-and-virulence-characterization-of-highly-prevalent-streptococcus-agalactiae-circulated-in-bovine-dairy-herds
#16
Maoda Pang, Lichang Sun, Tao He, Hongdu Bao, Lili Zhang, Yan Zhou, Hui Zhang, Ruicheng Wei, Yongjie Liu, Ran Wang
Bovine mastitis caused by Streptococcus agalactiae continues to be one of the major veterinary and economic issues in certain areas of the world. The more prevalent S. agalactiae strains that cause bovine mastitis in China dairy farms belong to a number of bovine-adapted sequence types (STs) ST67, ST103 and ST568. However, it is unknown why these STs can emerge as highly prevalent clones in bovine dairy farms. Here, to determine if a variety of virulence characteristics were associated with these highly prevalent STs, the molecular and virulence characterization of 116 strains isolated from bovine, human, fish and environment were analyzed...
October 16, 2017: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032940/molecular-basis-of-%C3%AE-thalassemia
#17
REVIEW
Samaneh Farashi, Cornelis L Harteveld
α-Thalassemia is an inherited, autosomal recessive, disorder characterized by a microcytic hypochromic anemia. It is one of the most common monogenic gene disorders in the world population. The clinical severity varies from almost asymptomatic, to mild microcytic hypochromic, and to a lethal hemolytic condition, called Hb Bart's Hydrops Foetalis Syndrome. The molecular basis are usually deletions and less frequently, point mutations affecting the expression of one or more of the duplicated α-genes. The clinical variation and increase in disease severity is directly related to the decreased expression of one, two, three or four copies of the α-globin genes...
September 21, 2017: Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028485/a-study-on-%C3%AE-glucan-binding-protein-%C3%AE-gbp-and-its-involvement-in-phenoloxidase-cascade-in-indian-white-shrimp-fenneropenaeus-indicus
#18
Mahalingam Anjugam, Baskaralingam Vaseeharan, Arokiadhas Iswarya, Muthu Amala, Marimuthu Govindarajan, Naiyf S Alharbi, Shine Kadaikunnan, Jamal M Khaled, Giovanni Benelli
The present study reports the purification of novel immune molecule β-1, 3 glucan binding protein from the heamolymph of the Indian white shrimp, Fenneropenaeus indicus (Fiβ-GBP). The purified Fiβ-GBP had 95kDa molecular weight in SDS-PAGE analysis. MALDI-TOF/TOF analysis revealed that the purified Fiβ-GBP showed similarity to various crustacean proteins; 48 and 46% similarity was observed for β-1, 3 glucan binding protein of Chinese white shrimp Fenneropenaeus chinensis and banana shrimp Fenneropenaeus merguiensis, with MOWSE score of 3...
October 10, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026495/recombinant-production-and-affinity-purification-of-the-frac-pore-forming-toxin-using-hexa-his-tag-and-pet-expression-cassette
#19
Mehdi Imani, Hossein Zarei Jaliani, Mohammad Hassan Kheirandish, Mahnaz Azadpour
OBJECTIVES: A newly-introduced protein toxin from a sea anemone, namely fragaceatoxin C is a protein with molecular weight of 20 kDa and pore-forming capability against cell membranes has recently grasped great attentions for its function. In this study, its coding sequence cloned as a fusion protein with His-tag for simple production and rapid purification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After PCR amplification using NcoI and HindIII-harboring primers, the gene fragment was cloned into pET-28a(+)...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025905/clinical-severity-in-adult-warm-autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia-and-its-relationship-to-antibody-specificity
#20
Philippe Chadebech, Valentine Loustau, Daniel Janvier, Laetitia Languille, Julie Ripa, Marie Tamagne, Philippe Bierling, Rachid Djoudi, Bertrand Godeau, Marc Michel, France Pirenne, Matthieu Mahévas
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October 12, 2017: Haematologica
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