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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821018/a-cross-language-study-of-acoustic-predictors-of-speech-intelligibility-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease
#1
Yunjung Kim, Yaelin Choi
Purpose: The present study aimed to compare acoustic models of speech intelligibility in individuals with the same disease (Parkinson's disease [PD]) and presumably similar underlying neuropathologies but with different native languages (American English [AE] and Korean). Method: A total of 48 speakers from the 4 speaker groups (AE speakers with PD, Korean speakers with PD, healthy English speakers, and healthy Korean speakers) were asked to read a paragraph in their native languages...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820789/suicide-resilience-and-connectedness-across-the-lifespan-lessons-from-american-indian-and-alaska-native-elders
#2
Satya Rao, Dylan Pell, Elizabeth S England-Kennedy
Rates of suicide and associated costs are high and increasing in the United States. From 1999 through 2014, the age-adjusted suicide rate increased 24%, with the pace of increase being greater since 2006. American Indian and Alaska Native persons have significantly lower rates of suicides than other ethnic groups as elders despite experiencing some of the highest rates during adolescence. This article examines literature pertaining to suicide rates in American Indian and Alaska Native communities and proposes a framework for understanding their lower rates of suicide as elders...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815635/associations-between-genomic-variants-in-alcohol-dehydrogenase-adh-genes-and-alcohol-symptomatology-in-american-indians-and-european-americans-distinctions-and-convergence
#3
Q Peng, Ian R Gizer, K C Wilhelmsen, C L Ehlers
BACKGROUND: Higher rates of alcohol use disorders (AUD) have been observed in some Native American (NA) populations than other ethnic groups such as Euro-Americans (EA) in the U.S. Previous studies have shown that variation in the alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) genes may affect the risk for development of AUD, and that the prevalence of these variants differs depending on the ancestral origins of a population. METHODS: In the present study, we assessed sequencing variants in the ADH genomic region (ADH1-7) and tested for their associations with AUD phenotypes in two independent populations: an American Indian (AI) community sample and an EA cohort from the San Francisco Family Alcohol Study...
August 16, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814958/does-survival-vary-for-breast-cancer-patients-in-the-united-states-a-study-from-six-randomly-selected-states
#4
Hafiz M R Khan, Lisaann S Gittner, Abhilash Perisetti, Anshul Saxena, Aamrin Rafiq, Kemesha Gabbidon, Sarah Mende, Maria Lyuksyutova
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. Disparities in some characteristics of breast cancer patients and their survival data for six randomly selected states in the US were examined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A probability random sampling method was used to select the records of 2,000 patients from each of six randomly selected states. Demographic and disease characteristics were extracted from the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812287/racial-discrimination-and-mental-health-in-the-usa-testing-the-reverse-racism-hypothesis
#5
Bongki Woo
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined whether the health disadvantages consequent of racial discrimination experienced by four racial/ethnic minority groups are equivalent with that of the dominant racial group. METHOD: Data was derived from the 2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Logistic regression and heterogeneous choice models were used to test the moderating role of race/ethnicity in regards to the associations between racial discrimination and ten DSM-V diagnoses...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811222/antitussive-antispasmodic-bronchodilating-and-cardiac-inotropic-effects-of-the-essential-oil-from-blepharocalyx-salicifolius-leaves
#6
Jehison Jiménez Hernández, María Inés Ragone, Patricia Bonazzola, Arnaldo L Bandoni, Alicia E Consolini
ETHOPHARMACOLOGY RELEVANCE: Blepharocalyx salicifolius (Kunth) O. Berg (Myrtaceae) is a tree native to Argentina and Uruguay that grows and is cultivated along the riverside of the Rio de la Plata. The leaves of this plant species, locally known as "anacahuita" are used in South America to prepare infusions for the empiric treatment of cough and bronchospasm, as well as diarrhoea and other intestinal disorders. Although previous phytochemical studies have been performed with the essential oil extracted from Blepharocalyx salicifolius, pharmacological evidence supporting its traditional use is still lacking...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811091/pregravid-hypertension-may-have-different-secondary-sex-ratio-effects-in-different-races-in-the-united-states
#7
Victor Grech
BACKGROUND: Males are born in excess of females and the ratio is expressed as M/F (male/female births=secondary sex ratio, also known as secondary sex ratio). This is expected to approximate 1.048. Racial M/F disparities are known. A recent study in China showed that pregravid systolic hypertension is higher in women who delivered a boy than in those who had a girl. This study was carried out in order to identify the effect of pregravid hypertension in the United States on M/F by race...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810088/the-impact-of-maternal-diabetes-obesity-and-race-on-infant-birth-weights-in-south-dakota
#8
Kari L Halvorson, H Bruce Vogt, Lon Kightlinger, Dennis Stevens
INTRODUCTION: Maternal obesity, high gestational weight gain and diabetes mellitus during pregnancy are known risk factors that correlate with high infant birth weight and the mother's race. Previous studies have focused on low birth weight, prematurity and infant mortality. This study examined the interaction between race, maternal risk factors and high infant birth weights at the population level in South Dakota to identify factors contributing to the high Native American infant birth weights...
February 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808822/is-prey-specificity-constrained-by-geography-semiochemically-mediated-oviposition-in-rhizophagus-grandis-coleoptera-monotomidae-with-its-specific-prey-dendroctonus-micans-coleoptera-curculionidae-scolytinae-and-with-exotic-dendroctonus-species
#9
Loïc Dohet, Jean-Claude Grégoire
Examples of totally specific predators are rare, and the mechanisms underlying this specificity are often poorly understood. In Eurasia, the Monotomid beetle Rhizophagus grandis is found only in the galleries of its prey, the bark beetle Dendroctonus micans. The specificity of R. grandis relies on kairomones which female predators use to adjust their oviposition to the number of prey larvae available in a gallery. Yet these chemical signals are still largely unknown. The North American D. punctatus and D. valens, which are not sympatric with R...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805413/suicide-among-american-indian-alaska-native-military-service-members-and-veterans
#10
Victoria M O'Keefe, Greg M Reger
Many American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities experience high suicide rates. However, there is little discussion in epidemiological and empirical literature about suicide-related outcomes among AI/AN military service members or veterans. This article briefly reviews the literature on AI/AN suicide and discusses what is known about Native military service member and veteran suicide mortality and self-directed violence. Recent studies suggest high suicide death rates among AI/AN military service members and veterans...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805411/rural-american-indian-and-alaska-native-veterans-telemental-health-a-model-of-culturally-centered-care
#11
Cynthia W Goss, W J Buck Richardson, Nancy Dailey, Byron Bair, Herbert Nagamoto, Spero M Manson, Jay H Shore
American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) veterans living in rural areas have unique health care needs and face numerous barriers to accessing health care services. Among these needs is a disproportionate prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder and other mental illnesses. Since 2001, 14 rural communities have partnered with the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and the Centers for American Indian and Alaska Native Health at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus to extend telemental health clinics to American Indian veterans...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805410/american-akicita-indigenous-american-warriors-and-military-service
#12
J Douglas McDonald
Indigenous Americans (i.e., Native/American Indians, AK natives, Pacific Islanders) have consistently volunteered for military service at greater rates than any other ethnic group, including the majority culture, since the early days of the country. This article is an introduction to the special section which includes a number of outstanding papers that provide an innovative and compelling effort to overcome the challenges of casualties from war and render effective and culturally informed care. These manuscripts describe culturally appropriate considerations of suicide (O'Keefe), family involvement and access to care (Whealin), and telehealth for treatment of rural Native veterans (Goss)...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805152/comparing-the-prevalence-and-the-risk-profile-for-antenatal-depressive-symptoms-across-cultures
#13
Irene E Corbani, Paola Rucci, Elena Iapichino, Marta Quartieri Bollani, Gilla Cauli, Mara R Ceruti, Costanzo Gala, Mariano Bassi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although several studies have analyzed the risk factors of antenatal and post-partum depression, evidence on the prevalence and the risk profile for antenatal depressive symptoms (ADS) between native-born and different groups of non-native born women living in the same country is scant. The aim of this article is to compare the prevalence and the risk profile for ADS across geographical areas in women recruited from two large hospitals of North-western Italy. METHOD: The presence of ADS was defined as an Edinburgh Post-natal Depression Scale (EPDS) score ≥12 or a Beck Depression Inventory, Short Form (BDI-SF) score ≥9 or the presence of suicidal ideation/behavior...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803597/somali-latino-and-hmong-parents-perceptions-and-approaches-about-raising-healthy-weight-children-a-community-based-participatory-research-study
#14
Chrisa Arcan, Kathleen A Culhane-Pera, Shannon Pergament, Maira Rosas-Lee, Mai Bao Xiong
OBJECTIVE: Immigrants in the USA are confronted with health disparities, including childhood obesity and obesity-related chronic diseases. We aimed to identify perceptions of childhood body weight, approaches to raising healthy children and desires for supportive programmes of Somali, Latino and Hmong (SLM) parents in the Twin Cities, Minnesota, USA. DESIGN: Using community-based participatory research, ten focus groups (FG) were conducted with sixty-seven parents (n 28 Somali, three FG; n 19 Latino, four FG; n 20 Hmong, three FG) of 3-12-year-old children in their native language...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803133/predictive-value-of-multiple-cytokines-and-chemokines-for-mortality-in-an-admixed-population-15-year-follow-up-of-the-bambui-epigen-brazil-cohort-study-of-aging
#15
Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa, Juliana Vaz de Melo Mambrini, Karen Cecília de Lima Torres, Sérgio Viana Peixoto, Cesar de Oliveira, Eduardo Tarazona-Santos, Andréa Teixeira-Carvalho, Olindo Assis Martins-Filho
Inflammation, particularly elevated IL-6 serum levels, has been associated with increased mortality risk, mostly in Caucasians. The influence of genetic ethno-racial background on this association is unknown. We examined associations between baseline serum levels of Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and other cytokines (IL1-2, TNF, IL-10, and IL1β) and chemokines (CCL2, CCL5, CXCL8, CXCL9 and CXCL10) with 15-year mortality in 1,191 admixed Brazilians aged 60years and over. Elevated IL6 level (but not other biomarkers) was associated with increased risk of deaths with fully adjusted hazard ratios of 1...
August 9, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801345/molecular-basis-for-increased-susceptibility-of-indigenous-north-americans-to-seropositive-rheumatoid-arthritis
#16
Stephen W Scally, Soi-Cheng Law, Yi Tian Ting, Jurgen van Heemst, Jeremy Sokolove, Aaron J Deutsch, E Bridie Clemens, Antonis K Moustakas, George K Papadopoulos, Diane van der Woude, Irene Smolik, Carol A Hitchon, David B Robinson, Elizabeth D Ferucci, Charles N Bernstein, Xiaobo Meng, Vidyanand Anaparti, Tom Huizinga, Katherine Kedzierska, Hugh H Reid, Soumya Raychaudhuri, René E Toes, Jamie Rossjohn, Hani El-Gabalawy, Ranjeny Thomas
OBJECTIVE: The pathogenetic mechanisms by which HLA-DRB1 alleles are associated with anticitrullinated peptide antibody (ACPA)-positive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are incompletely understood. RA high-risk HLA-DRB1 alleles are known to share a common motif, the 'shared susceptibility epitope (SE)'. Here, the electropositive P4 pocket of HLA-DRB1 accommodates self-peptide residues containing citrulline but not arginine. HLA-DRB1 His/Phe13β stratifies with ACPA-positive RA, while His13βSer polymorphisms stratify with ACPA-negative RA and RA protection...
August 11, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800282/towards-a-generation-free-of-tuberculosis-tb-disease-and-infection-in-individuals-of-college-age-in-the-united-states
#17
N S Shah, A Flood-Bryzman, C Jeffries, J Scott
OBJECTIVES: To assess the magnitude of active TB disease and LTBI in young adults of college age. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals 18 - 24 years old in 2011 were used as a proxy for college students. METHODS: Active TB cases reported to the 2011 U.S. National TB Surveillance System (NTSS) were included. LTBI prevalence was calculated from the 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The 2011 American Community Survey was used to calculate population denominators...
August 11, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800188/care-in-the-context-of-a-chronic-epidemic-caring-for-diabetes-in-chicago-s-native-community
#18
Margaret Pollak
American Indians have some of the highest rates of diabetes worldwide, and they are disproportionately affected by the secondary complications of the disease. While most research on Native populations focuses on reservations, this study investigates diabetes care in Chicago's Native community. People living with diabetes manage blood sugar levels to prevent the development of secondary complications. As with many diabetics, the majority of their health care work is completed outside of the biomedical setting...
August 11, 2017: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792948/molecular-phylogeny-and-systematics-of-native-north-american-lumbricid-earthworms-clitellata-megadrili
#19
Csaba Csuzdi, Chih-Han Chang, Tomás Pavlícek, Tímea Szederjesi, David Esopi, Katalin Szlávecz
The family Lumbricidae is arguably the most well-known and well-studied earthworm group due to its dominance in the European earthworm fauna and its invasion in temperate regions worldwide. However, its North American members, especially the genus Bimastos Moore, 1893, are poorly understood. We revised the systematics of the genus Bimastos and tested the hypothesis of the monophyly of North American lumbricids using morphological characters and eight molecular markers. Phylogenetic analyses based on our extensive sampling of Bimastos and inclusion of Dendrodrilus and Allolobophoridella indicated a well-supported clade containing Bimastos and Eisenoides Gates, 1969, and provided the first evidence supporting that North American lumbricids are monophyletic...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782902/gambling-involvement-among-native-americans-blacks-and-whites-in-the-united-states
#20
Grace M Barnes, John W Welte, Marie-Cecile O Tidwell
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This paper examines risk factors of gambling and problem gambling among racial subgroups in the U.S. population, namely Native Americans and blacks, for whom research data are lacking. METHODS: Findings are based on a large representative general population survey (n = 3,474) of gambling in the U.S. with an oversample of Native Americans (n = 549). Multiple domains were assessed including sociodemographic factors; ecological factors (census-defined neighborhood disadvantage, geocoded density of casinos within 30 miles of respondents' homes, and perceived gambling convenience); impulsivity; and alcohol abuse...
August 7, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
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