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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533795/a-kasp-genotyping-method-to-identify-northern-watermilfoil-eurasian-watermilfoil-and-their-interspecific-hybrids
#1
Eric L Patterson, Margaret B Fleming, Kallie C Kessler, Scott J Nissen, Todd A Gaines
The invasive aquatic plant Eurasian watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum L.) can hybridize with the related North American native species northern watermilfoil (M. sibiricum Kom.). Hybrid watermilfoil (M. spicatum × M. sibiricum) populations have higher fitness and reduced sensitivity to some commonly used aquatic herbicides, making management more difficult. There is growing concern that management practices using herbicides in lakes with mixed populations of watermilfoil species may further select for hybrid individuals due to the difference in herbicide sensitivity...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533294/type-2-diabetes-demystifying-the-global-epidemic
#2
Ranjit Unnikrishnan, Rajendra Pradeepa, Shashank R Joshi, Viswanathan Mohan
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) has attained the status of a global pandemic, spreading from affluent industrialized nations to the emerging economies of Asia, Latin America, and Africa. There is significant global variation in susceptibility to T2D, with Pacific Islanders, Asian Indians, and Native Americans being considerably more prone to develop the disorder. Although genetic factors may play a part, the rapidity with which diabetes prevalence has risen among these populations reflects the far-ranging and rapid socioeconomic changes to which they have been exposed over the past few decades...
June 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529823/obesity-and-sexual-abuse-in-american-indians-and-alaska-natives
#3
James A Levine, Shelly K McCrady-Spitzer, William Bighorse
Mainstream American culture frequently minimizes the prevalence and significance of sexual abuse. Unfortunately, this denial of extensive victimization of women is also present in many underserved populations. In June 2007, Amnesty International released its report on sexual abuse in indigenous women, which states that, "One in three Native American or Alaska Native women will be raped at some point in their lives. Most do not seek justice because they know they will be met with inaction or indifference." This report highlighted an infrequently discussed issue namely, very high levels of sexual abuse in Native American and Alaska Native women...
August 2016: Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529398/are-mothers-and-fathers-parenting-characteristics-associated-with-emerging-adults-academic-engagement
#4
Emily A Waterman, Eva S Lefkowitz
Although parenting is clearly linked to academic engagement in adolescence, less is known about links between parenting and academic engagement in emerging adulthood. A diverse sample of college students (N = 633; 53.1% female, 45.7% White/European American, 28.3% Asian American/Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, 26.4% Hispanic/Latino American, 21.6% Black/African American, and 2.8% Native American/American Indian) answered surveys about mothers' and fathers' parenting style, parent-offspring relationship quality, academic attitudes, academic behaviors, and academic performance...
June 2017: Journal of Family Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528504/assessment-of-trace-metal-accumulation-in-native-mussels-brachidontes-rodriguezii-from-a-south-american-temperate-estuary
#5
Natalia Sol Buzzi, Ana Laura Oliva, Andrés Hugo Arias, Jorge Eduardo Marcovecchio
The present work provides the first results in heavy metal bioaccumulation in the autochthonous mussel Brachidontes rodriguezii from the Bahía Blanca Estuary (Argentina), one of the most important coastal environments of South America, subjected to different anthropogenic pressure. The study is based on the detection of Cd, Cu, Pb, Mn, and Fe in mussels' soft tissue and sediments' fine fraction by means of inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES), in order to analyze the potential relationship between both components of the aquatic system...
May 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526974/the-health-equity-scholars-program-innovation-in-the-leaky-pipeline
#6
Carole C Upshur, Diedra M Wrighting, Gonzalo Bacigalupe, Joan Becker, Laura Hayman, Barbara Lewis, Sylvia Mignon, Megan E Rokop, Elizabeth Sweet, Marie Idali Torres, Paul Watanabe, Cedric Woods
Despite attempts to increase enrollment of under-represented minorities (URMs: primarily Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, and Native American students) in health professional programs, limited progress has been made. Compelling reasons to rectify this situation include equity for URMs, better prepared health professionals when programs are diverse, better quality and access to health care for UMR populations, and the need for diverse talent to tackle difficult questions in health science and health care delivery...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512377/species-delimitation-and-description-of-mesocriconema-nebraskense-n-sp-nematoda-criconematidae-a-morphologically-cryptic-parthenogenetic-species-from-north-american-grasslands
#7
Magdalena Olson, Timothy Harris, Rebecca Higgins, Peter Mullin, Kirsten Powers, Sean Olson, Thomas O Powers
Nematode surveys of North American grasslands conducted from 2010 to 2015 frequently recovered a species of criconematid nematode morphologically resembling Mesocriconema curvatum. These specimens were recovered from remnant native prairies in the central tallgrass ecoregion of North America, and not from surrounding agroecosystems. Historical records indicate that M. curvatum is a cosmopolitan species feeding on a wide range of agronomic and native plants. DNA barcoding indicates North American grasslands contain at least 10 phylogenetically distinct lineages of Mesocriconema that resemble, but are not, M...
March 2017: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511434/anti-c1q-antibody-is-associated-with-renal-and-cutaneous-manifestations-in-asian-indian-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#8
Jayakanthan Kabeerdoss, Nikhil Gupta, Sandhya Pulukool, Hindhumathi Mohan, Gowri Mahasampath, Debashish Danda
INTRODUCTION: C1q play an important role in clearance of immune complexes and apoptotic cell debris. Impaired clearance leads to exposure of C1 native antigen and development of anti-C1q antibody formation. Anti-C1q antibody is well studied in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). Significance of anti-C1q Ab in Indian SLE patients and their clinical manifestations is not clear. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate associations between anti-C1q antibody and clinical as well as serological markers of SLE...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508249/self-and-peer-identified-victims-in-late-childhood-differences-in-perceptions-of-the-school-ecology
#9
Molly Dawes, Chin-Chih Chen, Thomas W Farmer, Jill V Hamm
Patterns of adjustment for youth victimized by peers vary depending on whether youth are identified as victims through self-reports, peer-reports, or both. In order to provide more targeted strategies that may help mitigate negative consequences associated with specific victimization groups, more information is needed about how these youth perceive their school ecology (bullying and academic ecology), their feelings of school belonging, and their valuing of school. Based on the convergence of self- and peer-reports of victimization, we identified four victim groups from a sample of students in 5th grade classrooms (N = 1360; 52...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503842/demographic-histories-of-three-predatory-lady-beetles-reveal-complex-patterns-of-diversity-and-population-size-change-in-the-united-states
#10
Arun Sethuraman, Fredric J Janzen, Michael A Rubio, Yumary Vasquez, John J Obrycki
Predatory lady beetles (Coccinellidae) contribute to biological control of agricultural pests, however, multiple species frequently compete for similar resources in the same environment. Numerous studies have examined ecological interactions among the native North American convergent lady beetle (Hippodamia convergens) and two introduced species, the seven spotted lady beetle (Coccinella septempunctata) and the Asian lady beetle (Harmonia axyridis), in agricultural fields and described multi-year population dynamics...
May 15, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498959/pan-american-similarities-in-genetic-structures-of-helicoverpa-armigera-and-helicoverpa-zea-lepidoptera-noctuidae-with-implications-for-hybridization
#11
N A Leite, A S Correa, A P Michel, A Alves-Pereira, V A C Pavinato, M I Zucchi, C Omoto
The genus Helicoverpa (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) includes phytophagous and polyphagous agricultural insect pests. In the Americas, a native pest, Helicoverpa zea (Boddie), and an invasive pest, Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner), are causing severe damage in vegetable and agronomic crops. The population structure of both species in South America is poorly understood, and the phylogenetic relatedness of H. armigera and H. zea suggests natural interspecific gene flow between these species. Using microsatellite loci, we investigated: 1) the genetic diversity and gene flow of H...
May 11, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498752/improving-public-health-surveillance-about-asian-americans-native-hawaiians-and-pacific-islanders
#12
Kathy Ko Chin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492517/first-nations-approaches-to-childhood-obesity-healthy-lifestyles-in-canada-compared-with-alternatives-for-alaska-native-communities
#13
Peter A de Schweinitz, Janet M Wojcicki
Alaska Native and American Indian children have among the highest prevalence of obesity in the United States. Canadian Aboriginal populations including First Nations also have high rates of obesity but obesity rates among children are noticeably lower. We highlight some of the important differences between American and Canadian approaches to healthy lifestyles and Aboriginal/Native health, including diet and physical activity, which may in part explain the differences in obesity prevalence. Specifically, the Canadian government provides a food subsidy program to bring perishable fruits and vegetable to remote, rural Canadian areas and secondly supports the use of traditional foods and harvesting/gathering through a number of government supported programs...
May 11, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491205/food-insecurity-among-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-a-national-profile-using-the-current-population-survey-food-security-supplement
#14
Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan, Kimberly R Huyser, Jimmy Valdes, Vanessa Watts Simonds
Food insecurity increases the risk for obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and cancer-conditions highly prevalent among American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs). Using the Current Population Survey Food Security Supplement, we analyzed the food insecurity trends of AI/ANs compared to other racial and ethnic groups in the United States from 2000 to 2010. From 2000 to 2010, 25% of AI/ANs remained consistently food insecure and AI/ANs were twice as likely to be food insecure compared to whites. Urban AI/ANs were more likely to experience food insecurity than rural AI/ANs...
2017: Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486598/age-of-migration-differentials-in-life-expectancy-with-cognitive-impairment-20-year-findings-from-the-hispanic-epese
#15
Marc A Garcia, Joseph L Saenz, Brian Downer, Chi-Tsun Chiu, Sunshine Rote, Rebeca Wong
Background and Objectives: To examine differences in life expectancy with cognitive impairment among older Mexican adults according to nativity (U.S.-born/foreign-born) and among immigrants, age of migration to the United States. Research Design and Methods: This study employs 20 years of data from the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly to estimate the proportion of life spent cognitively healthy and cognitively impaired prior to death among older Mexican adults residing in the southwestern United States...
May 9, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486206/ethnic-group-socioeconomic-status-as-an-indicator-of-community-level-disadvantage-a-study-of-overweight-obesity-in-asian-american-adolescents
#16
Won Kim Cook, Winston Tseng, Christina Tam, Iyanrick John, Camillia Lui
Asian American children and adolescents are an under-investigated subpopulation in obesity research. Informed by a wide socioeconomic diversity among Asian American ethnic groups, this study explored ethnic-group socioeconomic status (SES) as an indicator of community-level disadvantage that may influence overweight/obesity in Asian American adolescents. We hypothesized that ethnic-group SES was inversely associated with overweight/obesity in Asian American adolescents. Multiple logistic regression models were fitted using a sample of 1525 Asian American adolescents ages 12-17 from pooled 2007-2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) data...
April 21, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484112/association-between-serum-elaidic-acid-concentration-and-insulin-resistance-in-two-japanese-cohorts-with-different-lifestyles
#17
Kiyotaka Itcho, Yoko Yoshii, Haruya Ohno, Kenji Oki, Masakazu Shinohara, Yasuhiro Irino, Ryuji Toh, Tatsuro Ishida, Ken-Ichi Hirata, Masayasu Yoneda
AIM: Many cohort studies have shown that increased trans fatty acid (TFA) intake increases the risk of developing coronary heart disease. However, whether TFA intake is directly associated with the development of diabetes mellitus (DM) remains unknown. METHODS: We performed the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test in two Japanese cohorts: a cohort of 454 native Japanese living in Hiroshima, Japan, and a cohort of 426 Japanese-Americans living in Los Angeles, USA, who shared identical genetic predispositions but had different lifestyles...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482846/a-preliminary-needs-assessment-of-american-indians-who-inject-drugs-in-northeastern-montana
#18
Mike Anastario, Kris FourStar, Adriann Ricker, Rebecca Dick, Monica C Skewes, Elizabeth Rink
BACKGROUND: Injection drug use has not been well documented in American Indians living in the USA. American Indian and Alaskan Natives (AI/ANs) show higher rates of substance use compared to the general population, and have historically been subject to a number of risk factors that are known to increase the likelihood of substance use. AI/ANs also experience increased risk for infectious diseases that are transmitted via injection drug use and/or sexual activity. Harm reduction approaches have been shown to be effective for decreasing risk of disease transmission in at-risk populations, and may be well suited for AI/AN injection drug users residing in rural reservation communities...
May 8, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482274/native-immigrant-occupational-segregation-and-worker-health-in-the-united-states-2004-2014
#19
Wen Fan, Yue Qian
Immigrant workers are a growing share of the U.S. labor force and are overrepresented in certain occupations. This much is well documented, yet few studies have examined the consequences of this division of labor between foreign-born and native-born workers. This research focuses on one of the consequences of occupational segregation-worker health. We merge data from the 2004-2014 National Health Interview Surveys with occupational-level data from the Occupational Information Network 20.1 database and the American Community Surveys to examine the relationship between occupational segregation and health...
June 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475677/acanthotomicus-sp-coleoptera-curculionidae-scolytinae-a-new-destructive-insect-pest-of-north-american-sweetgum-liquidambar-styraciflua-in-china
#20
Lei Gao, You Li, Ying Xu, Jiri Hulcr, Anthony I Cognato, Jian-Guo Wang, Rui-Ting Ju
A previously unknown bark beetle species, Acanthotomicus sp., has emerged as a lethal pest of American sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua) in China. Our survey of nursery records from around Shanghai suggests that American sweetgum have been under heavy attack since at least 2013, resulting in the death of > 10,000 trees. Mass attacks of the apparently sweetgum-specific Acanthotomicus sp. can be diagnosed by accumulation of resinous exudates on the trunk, wilted foliage, and eventual numerous exit holes of the new generation...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
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