Read by QxMD icon Read

Native american

Emily A McCourt, Gui-Shuang Ying, Anne M Lynch, Alan G Palestine, Brandie D Wagner, Erica Wymore, Lauren A Tomlinson, Gil Binenbaum
Importance: The Colorado Retinopathy of Prematurity (CO-ROP) model uses birth weight, gestational age, and weight gain at the first month of life (WG-28) to predict risk of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). In previous validation studies, the model performed very well, predicting virtually all cases of severe ROP and potentially reducing the number of infants who need ROP examinations, warranting validation in a larger, more diverse population. Objective: To validate the performance of the CO-ROP model in a large multicenter cohort...
March 15, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
Karin Alejandra Rosemblatt, Leandro Daniel Benmergui
During World War II, the U.S. Indian Service conducted social science experiments regarding governance among Japanese Americans imprisoned at the Poston, Arizona, camp. Researchers used an array of techniques culled from anthropological culture and personality studies, psychiatry, psychology, medicine, and public opinion research to probe how the personality traits of the confined Japanese-Americans and camp leaders affected the social interactions within each group and between them. The research drew on prior studies of Indian personality in the US Southwest, Mexico's Native policies, and indirect colonial rule...
March 14, 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
Kamilla L Venner, Victoria Sánchez, Jacqueline Garcia, Robert L Williams, Andrew L Sussman
PURPOSE: Rates of risky substance use and substance use disorders are high in primary-care practices, yet the adoption of universal screening and brief intervention (SBI) has been slow and uneven. This study aimed to describe SBI-related attitudes, practices, and perspectives regarding practice change among medical providers in a minority-majority state. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, on-line survey of a practice-based research network of medical providers serving predominantly Hispanic/Latinx and Native American patients in rural and urban settings...
March 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
Luohua Jiang, Jenny Chang, Janette Beals, Ann Bullock, Spero M Manson
Growing evidence reveals various neighborhood conditions are associated with the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. It is unknown, however, whether the effectiveness of diabetes prevention interventions is also influenced by neighborhood characteristics. The purpose of the current study is to examine the impact of neighborhood characteristics on the outcomes of a lifestyle intervention to prevent diabetes in American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs). Year 2000 US Census Tract data were linked with those from the Special Diabetes Program for Indians Diabetes Prevention Program (SDPI-DP), an evidence-based lifestyle intervention implemented in 36 AI/AN grantee sites across the US...
March 10, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Megan A Martinez, Eric J Baack, Stephen M Hovick, Kenneth D Whitney
Background and Aims: Genome size is hypothesized to affect invasiveness in plants. Key evidence comes from a previous study of invasive eastern North American populations of the grass Phalaris arundinacea: invasive genotypes with smaller genomes had higher growth rates, and genome sizes were smaller in the invasive vs. native range. This study aimed to re-investigate those patterns by examining a broader range of North American populations and by employing the modern best-practice protocol for plant genome size estimation in addition to the previously used protocol...
March 9, 2018: Annals of Botany
Mia Hashibe, Anne C Kirchhoff, Deanna Kepka, Jaewhan Kim, Morgan Millar, Carol Sweeney, Kimberley Herget, Marcus Monroe, N Lynn Henry, Ana-Maria Lopez, Kathi Mooney
Cancer disparities in rural and frontier communities are an important issue in Utah because much of Utah is sparsely populated. The aims of this study were to investigate whether there are differences in the cancer incidence and 5-year survival rates in Utah by metropolitan/rural residence and to investigate disparities in distributions of cancer risk factors. We used cancer registry records to identify patients diagnosed with a first primary cancer in Utah between 2004 and 2008. We estimated 5-year survival and incidence rates...
March 13, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Leandro Fonseca de Souza, Carlos Henrique Ares Silveira da Motta, Rodrigo Soares Moura-Neto
A sample of 158 Brazilian males from São Paulo (SP), Brazilian southeast, was typed for 17 Y-STR loci (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, YGATA_H4.1, and DYS385ab). A total of 158 haplotypes were identified, of which all were unique. The haplotype diversity and discrimination capacity were calculated in 1.0 and the genetic diversity was 67.4%. Pairwise haplotype distances showed that the São Paulo population is not significantly different from Rio de Janeiro and Portugal, but is different from African and Native American...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Joseph M Kheir, Carla J Guthridge, Jonathon R Johnston, Lucas J Adams, Astrid Rasmussen, Timothy F Gross, Melissa E Munroe, Rebecka L Bourn, Kathy L Sivils, Joel M Guthridge, Michael H Weisman, Daniel J Wallace, Juan-Manuel Anaya, Adriana Rojas Villarraga, James N Jarvis, John B Harley, Judith A James
Objective: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease with varied morbidity and mortality. We assessed clinical presentations, autoantibody specificities and therapeutic interventions in Native American (NA) patients with SLE. Methods: Patients with SLE meeting 1997 American College of Rheumatology classification criteria (n=3148) were enrolled between 1992 and 2010 in the multiethnic, cross-sectional Lupus Family Registry and Repository...
2018: Lupus Science & Medicine
Wen-Yong Guo, Carla Lambertini, Petr Pyšek, Laura A Meyerson, Hans Brix
Identifying the factors that influence spatial genetic structure among populations can provide insights into the evolution of invasive plants. In this study, we used the common reed ( Phragmites australis ), a grass native in Europe and invading North America, to examine the relative importance of geographic, environmental (represented by climate here), and human effects on population genetic structure and its changes during invasion. We collected samples of P. australis from both the invaded North American and native European ranges and used molecular markers to investigate the population genetic structure within and between ranges...
March 2018: Ecology and Evolution
Rebecca Burch, Paul Rizzoli, Elizabeth Loder
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In this targeted systematic review, we aimed to identify up-to-date prevalence estimates of migraine and severe headache in adults from population-based US government surveys. Our goal was to assess the stability of prevalence estimates over time, and to identify additional information pertinent to the burden and treatment of migraine and other severe headache conditions. METHODS: We searched for the most current publicly available summary statistics from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS), and the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS)...
March 12, 2018: Headache
Sara Fernandez, Miguel M Sandin, Paul G Beaulieu, Laura Clusa, Jose L Martinez, Alba Ardura, Eva García-Vázquez
Background: Many fish species have been introduced in wild ecosystems around the world to provide food or leisure, deliberately or from farm escapes. Some of those introductions have had large ecological effects. The north American native rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum, 1792) is one of the most widely farmed fish species in the world. It was first introduced in Spain in the late 19th century for sport fishing (Elvira 1995) and nowadays is used there for both fishing and aquaculture...
2018: PeerJ
Brenna L Greenfield, Kamilla L Venner, J Scott Tonigan, Monika Honeyestewa, Homer Hubbell, Dorothea Bluehorse
INTRODUCTION: College attendance is associated with an increased risk for substance use yet we know little about substance use among Native American college students and its regional variation. This study examined alcohol, tobacco, and drug use and their relation to gender, institution, age, and cultural involvement among Native American college students in the Southwest. METHODS: Native American community college and university students in a large Southwest city (N = 347) completed an online survey about past-month and lifetime substance use and involvement in cultural activities...
February 27, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Scott D Hamilton-Brehm, Lidia T Hristova, Susan R Edwards, Jeffrey R Wedding, Meradeth Snow, Brittany R Kruger, Duane P Moser
Chewed and expectorated quids, indigestible stringy fibers from the roasted inner pulp of agave or yucca root, have proven resilient over long periods of time in dry cave environments and correspondingly, although little studied, are common in archaeological archives. In the late 1960s, thousands of quids were recovered from Mule Spring Rockshelter (Nevada, USA) deposits and stored without consideration to DNA preservation in a museum collection, remaining unstudied for over fifty years. To assess the utility of these materials as repositories for genetic information about past inhabitants of the region and their movements, twenty-one quids were selected from arbitrary excavation depths for detailed analysis...
2018: PloS One
Nicole Delange, Suzanne Lindsay, Hector Lemus, Tracy L Finlayson, Scott T Kelley, Roberta A Gottlieb
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease has been shown to be associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). No known studies evaluate the relationship between periodontal disease status and biomarkers of CVD risk in the American Indian/Alaskan Native (AI/AN) population despite their disproportionately high rates of poor oral health and cardiovascular disease-related outcomes. This study compared levels of interleukin (IL)-6 and C-reactive protein (CRP) across increasing severity of periodontal disease status among younger adults between the ages of 21 and 43 years...
February 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Malcolm Harris, Tara Brantley, Douglas Hammond, Sabah Kalamchi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the demographic profile of Native American patients with concomitant facial fractures and closed head injuries (CHIs) and to explore the validation of the craniofacial crumple zone. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective, observational, case-control study of 2131 maxillofacial fractures from 2010 to 2014, of which 173 (8%) had concomitant CHIs. RESULTS: Of the study patients, 133 (77%) were males (mean age 40...
January 31, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Brigg Reilley, Dana L Haberling, Marissa Person, Jessica Leston, Jonathan Iralu, Rick Haverkate, Azfar-E-Alam Siddiqi
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to use Indian Health Service (IHS) data from electronic health records to analyze human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnoses among American Indian/Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) and to identify current rates and trends that can support data-driven policy implementation and resource allocation for this population. METHODS: We analyzed provider visit data from IHS to capture all AI/AN patients who met a definition of a new HIV diagnosis from 2005 through 2014 by using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
Chunting Li, Navindra P Seeram
The red maple (Acer rubrum) species is economically important to North America because of its sap which is used to produce maple syrup. In addition, various other red maple plant parts, including leaves, were used as a traditional medicine by the Native Americans. Currently, red maple leaves are being used for nutraceutical and cosmetic applications but there are no published analytical methods for comprehensive phytochemical characterization of this material. Herein, a rapid and sensitive method using liquid chromatography with electrospray ionization time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry was developed to characterize the phenolics in a methanol extract of red maple leaves and a proprietary phenolic-enriched red maple leaves extract (Maplifa™)...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Separation Science
Heidi M Soeters, Amy Blain, Tracy Pondo, Brooke Doman, Monica M Farley, Lee H Harrison, Ruth Lynfield, Lisa Miller, Susan Petit, Arthur Reingold, William Schaffner, Ann Thomas, Shelley M Zansky, Xin Wang, Elizabeth C Briere
Background: Following Haemophilus influenzae serotype b (Hib) conjugate vaccine introduction in the 1980s, Hib disease in young children dramatically decreased and epidemiology of invasive H. influenzae changed. Methods: Active surveillance for invasive H. influenzae disease was conducted through Active Bacterial Core surveillance sites. Incidence rates were directly standardized to the age and race distribution of the US population. Results: During 2009-2015, the estimated mean annual incidence of invasive H...
March 2, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Joseph Evans, Millicent D Sanciangco, Kin H Lau, Emily Crisovan, Kerrie Barry, Chris Daum, Hope Hundley, Jerry Jenkins, Megan Kennedy, Govindarajan Kunde-Ramamoorthy, Brieanne Vaillancourt, Ananta Acharya, Jeremy Schmutz, Malay Saha, Shawn M Kaeppler, E Charles Brummer, Michael D Casler, C Robin Buell
Switchgrass ( is a perennial native North American grass present in two ecotypes: upland, found primarily in the northern range of switchgrass habitats, and lowland, found largely in the southern reaches of switchgrass habitats. Previous studies focused on a diversity panel of primarily northern switchgrass, so to expand our knowledge of genetic diversity in a broader set of North American switchgrass, exome capture sequence data were generated for 632 additional, primarily lowland individuals. In total, over 37 million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified and a set of 1...
March 2018: Plant Genome
K John McConnell, Christina J Charlesworth, Thomas H A Meath, Rani M George, Hyunjee Kim
In 2012 Oregon transformed its Medicaid program, providing coverage through sixteen coordinated care organizations (CCOs). The state identified the elimination of health disparities as a priority for the CCOs, implementing a multipronged approach that included strategic planning, community health workers, and Regional Health Equity Coalitions. We used claims-based measures of utilization, access, and quality to assess baseline disparities and test for changes over time. Prior to the CCO intervention there were significant white-black and white-American Indian/Alaska Native disparities in utilization measures and white-black disparities in quality measures...
March 2018: Health Affairs
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"