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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215009/why-geese-benefit-from-the-transition-from-natural-vegetation-to-agriculture
#1
Anthony D Fox, Kenneth F Abraham
The energy and nutrient content of most agricultural crops are as good as or superior to natural foods for wild geese and they tend to be available in agricultural landscapes in far greater abundance. Artificial grasslands (fertilised native swards and intensively managed reseeds) offer far superior quality forage and higher intake rates than seminatural or natural grasslands. The availability of such abundant artificial food explains the abandonment of traditional habitats for farmland by geese over the last 50-100 years and favours no reduction in current levels of exploitation of agriculture...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213488/family-focus-helps-pharmacist-improve-diabetes-care-for-native-americans
#2
Kate Traynor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211339/phytoextraction-of-contaminated-urban-soils-by-panicum-virgatum-l-enhanced-with-application-of-a-plant-growth-regulator-bap-and-citric-acid
#3
Matthew Aderholt, Dale L Vogelien, Marina Koether, Sigurdur Greipsson
Lead (Pb) contamination in soil represents a threat to human health. Phytoextraction has gained attention as a potential alternative to traditional remediation methods because of lower cost and minimal soil disruption. The North American native switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) was targeted due to its ability to produce high biomass and grow across a variety of ecozones. In this study switchgrass was chemically enhanced with applications of the soil-fungicide benomyl, chelates (EDTA and citric acid), and PGR to optimize phytoextraction of Pb and zinc (Zn) from contaminated urban soils in Atlanta, GA...
February 4, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207829/three-dimensional-acetabular-orientation-measurement-in-a-reliable-coordinate-system-among-one-hundred-chinese
#4
Henghui Zhang, Yiping Wang, Songtao Ai, Xiaojun Chen, Liao Wang, Kerong Dai
Determining three-dimensional (3D) acetabular orientation is important for several orthopaedic scenarios, but the complex geometries of both pelvis and acetabulum make measurements of orientation unreliable. Acetabular orientation may also differ between the sexes or racial groups. We aimed to (1) establish and evaluate a novel method for measuring 3D acetabular orientation, (2) apply this new method to a large population of Chinese subjects, and (3) report relevant characteristics of native acetabular orientation in this population...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207782/incorporating-interspecific-competition-into-species-distribution-mapping-by-upward-scaling-of-small-scale-model-projections-to-the-landscape
#5
Mark Baah-Acheamfour, Charles P-A Bourque, Fan-Rui Meng, D Edwin Swift
There are a number of overarching questions and debate in the scientific community concerning the importance of biotic interactions in species distribution models at large spatial scales. In this paper, we present a framework for revising the potential distribution of tree species native to the Western Ecoregion of Nova Scotia, Canada, by integrating the long-term effects of interspecific competition into an existing abiotic-factor-based definition of potential species distribution (PSD). The PSD model is developed by combining spatially explicit data of individualistic species' response to normalized incident photosynthetically active radiation, soil water content, and growing degree days...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207685/trends-in-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-27-states-2004-2008-and-2012
#6
Jean Y Ko, Karilynn M Rockhill, Van T Tong, Brian Morrow, Sherry L Farr
Postpartum depression is common and associated with adverse infant and maternal outcomes (e.g., lower breastfeeding initiation and duration and poor maternal and infant bonding) (1-3). A developmental Healthy People 2020 objective is to decrease the proportion of women delivering a live birth who experience postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS).* To provide a baseline for this objective, CDC sought to describe self-reported PDS overall, by reporting state, and by selected sociodemographic factors, using 2004, 2008, and 2012 data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)...
February 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207174/species-distribution-models-may-misdirect-assisted-migration-insights-from-the-introduction-of-douglas-fir-to-europe
#7
Juliette Boiffin, Vincent Badeau, Nathalie Bréda
Species distribution models (SDMs), which statistically relate species occurrence to climatic variables, are widely used to identify areas suitable for species growth under future climates and to plan for assisted migration. When SDMs are projected across times or spaces, it is assumed that species climatic requirements remain constant. However, empirical evidence supporting this assumption is rare, and SDM predictions could be biased. Historical human-aided movements of tree species can shed light on the reliability of SDM predictions in planning for assisted migration...
October 4, 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205236/trends-in-us-minority-red-blood-cell-unit-donations
#8
Mark H Yazer, Meghan Delaney, Marc Germain, Matthew S Karafin, Merlyn Sayers, Ralph Vassallo, Alyssa Ziman, Beth Shaz
BACKGROUND: To provide the appropriately diverse blood supply necessary to support alloimmunized and chronically transfused patients, minority donation recruitment programs have been implemented. This study investigated temporal changes in minority red blood cell (RBC) donation patterns in the United States. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Data on donor race and ethnicity from 2006 through 2015, including the number of unique donors, collections, RBCs successfully donated, and average annual number of RBC donations per donor (donor fraction), were collected from eight US blood collectors...
February 16, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205221/bight-of-benin-a-maternal-perspective-of-four-beninese-populations-and-their-genetic-implications-on-the-american-populations-of-african-ancestry
#9
Giuseppina Primativo, Claudio Ottoni, Gianfranco Biondi, Sara Serafino, Cristina Martínez-Labarga, Maarten H D Larmuseau, Michele Scardi, Ronny Decorte, Olga Rickards
The understanding of the first movements of the ancestral populations within the African continent is still unclear, particularly in West Africa, due to several factors that have shaped the African genetic pool across time. To improve the genetic representativeness of the Beninese population and to better understand the patterns of human settlement inside West Africa and the dynamics of peopling of the Democratic Republic of Benin, we analyzed the maternal genetic variation of 193 Beninese individuals belonging to Bariba, Berba, Dendi, and Fon populations...
March 2017: Annals of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198537/racial-discrimination-associated-with-higher-diastolic-blood-pressure-in-a-sample-of-american-indian-adults
#10
Zaneta M Thayer, Irene V Blair, Dedra S Buchwald, Spero M Manson
OBJECTIVES: Hypertension prevalence is high among American Indians (AIs). AIs experience a substantial burden of interpersonal racial discrimination, which in other populations has been associated with higher blood pressure. The purpose of this study is to understand whether racial discrimination experiences are associated with higher blood pressure in AIs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the Everyday Discrimination Scale to evaluate the relationship between discrimination and measured blood pressure among 77 AIs from two reservation communities in the Northern Plains...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196846/racial-ethnic-differences-in-the-impact-of-neighborhood-social-and-built-environment-on-breast-cancer-risk-the-neighborhoods-and-breast-cancer-study
#11
Shannon M Conroy, Salma Shariff-Marco, Jocelyn Koo, Juan Yang, Theresa H M Keegan, Meera Sangaramoorthy, Andrew Hertz, David O Nelson, Myles Cockburn, William A Satariano, Irene H Yen, Ninez Ponce, Esther M John, Scarlett Lin Gomez
BACKGROUND: Neighborhood socioeconomic status (nSES) has been found to be associated with breast cancer risk. It remains unclear whether this association applies across racial/ethnic groups independent of individual-level factors, and is attributable to other neighborhood characteristics. METHODS: We examined the independent and joint associations of education and nSES with odds of breast cancer. Residential addresses were geocoded for 2,838 cases and 3,117 controls and linked to nSES and social and built environment characteristics...
February 14, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195349/risk-of-end-stage-liver-disease-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-liver-related-death-by-fibrosis-stage-in-the-hepatitis-c-alaska-cohort
#12
Dana Jt Bruden, Brian J McMahon, Lisa Townshend-Bulson, Prabhu Gounder, Jim Gove, Julia Plotnik, Chriss Homan, Annette Hewitt, Youssef Barbour, Philip R Spradling, Brenna C Simons, Susan McArdle, Michael Bruce
Long-term prospective studies of the outcomes associated with HCV infection are rare and critical for assessing the potential impact of HCV treatment. Using liver biopsy as a start point, we looked at development of end stage liver disease (ESLD), hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and liver-related death (LRD) according to fibrosis stage, among a cohort of American Indian/Alaska Native persons in Alaska. Persons were classified as having no/mild (Ishak=0,1), moderate (Ishak=2), or severe (Ishak=3,4) fibrosis or cirrhosis (Ishak=5,6)...
February 13, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193996/a-case-report-of-primary-nasal-natural-killer-nk-t-cell-lymphoma-in-an-african-american-patient-presenting-with-hemophagocytic-syndrome
#13
Bowei Tan, Cherif Abdelmalek, James E O'Donnell, Thomas Toltaku, Rashid Chaudhry, Jen C Wang, Vladimir Gotlieb
BACKGROUND Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTCL) is generally an aggressive and rare non-Hodgkin lymphoma. It is most common in East Asians, Native Americans, and South Americans, but is rarely reported in blacks. CASE REPORT A 55-year-old African American male born in Grenada presented with a left nostril mass with facial swelling and biopsy subsequently confirmed a diagnosis of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTCL). Immunochemistry was positive for CD2, cytoplasmic CD3, CD7, CD 43, CD 56, granzyme B, and TIA-1...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193867/genetic-signature-of-natural-selection-in-first-americans
#14
Carlos Eduardo G Amorim, Kelly Nunes, Diogo Meyer, David Comas, Maria Cátira Bortolini, Francisco Mauro Salzano, Tábita Hünemeier
When humans moved from Asia toward the Americas over 18,000 y ago and eventually peopled the New World they encountered a new environment with extreme climate conditions and distinct dietary resources. These environmental and dietary pressures may have led to instances of genetic adaptation with the potential to influence the phenotypic variation in extant Native American populations. An example of such an event is the evolution of the fatty acid desaturases (FADS) genes, which have been claimed to harbor signals of positive selection in Inuit populations due to adaptation to the cold Greenland Arctic climate and to a protein-rich diet...
February 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190954/prevalence-of-pre-pregnancy-obesity-2011-2014
#15
Laura Gregor, Patrick L Remington, Sara Lindberg, Deborah Ehrenthal
IMPORTANCE: Obesity before and during pregnancy increases risk among mothers for poor health outcomes, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: To describe trends in pre-pregnancy obesity rates among women in Wisconsin. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from Wisconsin birth certificates were analyzed. Prevalence of pre-pregnancy obesity (defined as body mass index = 30) among Wisconsin women who gave birth from 2011 through 2014 was compared across demographic and geographic dimensions...
November 2016: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188201/a-day-of-immersive-physiology-experiments-increases-knowledge-and-excitement-towards-physiology-and-scientific-careers-in-native-american-students
#16
Bryan K Becker, Alicia M Schiller, Irving H Zucker, Eric A Eager, Liliana P Bronner, Maurice Godfrey
Underserved minority groups are disproportionately absent from the pursuit of careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. One such underserved population, Native Americans, are particularly underrepresented in STEM fields. Although recent advocacy and outreach designed toward increasing minority involvement in health care-related occupations have been mostly successful, little is known about the efficacy of outreach programs in increasing minority enthusiasm toward careers in traditional scientific professions...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183132/-i-aphis-i-species-hemiptera-aphididae-living-on-i-mulinum-i-apiaceae-in-south-america-with-a-description-of-a-new-species
#17
Sandra González Rodríguez, Paul A Brown, Jaime Ortego, Sara I López Ciruelos, Juan M Nieto Nafría
Aphis species living on the South American native genus Mulinum are studied. Aphis vurilocensis Nieto Nafría, Brown and López Ciruelos, sp. n. is described from apterous viviparous females. Alate viviparous females, oviparous females and winged males of Aphis roberti are described. Knowledge of intraspecific variability of apterous viviparous females of A. martinezi, A. paravanoi and A. roberti is developed. An identification key of apterous viviparous females of Aphis species living on Mulinum is presented...
January 3, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181923/variation-in-cyp2a6-and-nicotine-metabolism-among-two-american-indian-tribal-groups-differing-in-smoking-patterns-and-risk-for-tobacco-related-cancer
#18
Julie-Anne Tanner, Jeffrey A Henderson, Dedra Buchwald, Barbara V Howard, Patricia Nez Henderson, Rachel F Tyndale
OBJECTIVE: The Northern Plains (NP) and Southwest (SW) American Indian populations differ in their smoking patterns and lung cancer incidence. We aimed to compare CYP2A6 genetic variation and CYP2A6 enzyme activity (representative of the rate of nicotine metabolism) between the two tribal populations as these have previously been associated with differences in smoking, quitting, and lung cancer risk. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: American Indians (N=636) were recruited from two different tribal populations (NP in South Dakota, SW in Arizona) as part of a study carried out as part of the Collaborative to Improve Native Cancer Outcomes P50 Project...
February 8, 2017: Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179489/the-dietary-inflammatory-index-is-associated-with-colorectal-cancer-risk-in-the-multiethnic-cohort
#19
Brook E Harmon, Michael D Wirth, Carol J Boushey, Lynne R Wilkens, Emma Draluck, Nitin Shivappa, Susan E Steck, Lorne Hofseth, Christopher A Haiman, Loic Le Marchand, James R Hébert
Background: Diet is known to influence systemic inflammation, a recognized risk factor for colorectal cancer (CRC). Studies in ethnically diverse populations that examine the association between dietary inflammatory potential and CRC incidence are limited.Objectives: We used the Dietary Inflammatory Index to clarify the relation between the inflammatory potential of diet and CRC incidence across racial/ethnic groups. We hypothesized that proinflammatory diets would be associated with an increased risk of CRC, and that these associations may differ across racial/ethnic groups...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179416/cohort-profile-for-the-nurture-observational-study-examining-associations-of-multiple-caregivers-on-infant-growth-in-the-southeastern-usa
#20
Sara E Benjamin Neelon, Truls Østbye, Gary G Bennett, Richard M Kravitz, Shayna M Clancy, Marissa Stroo, Edwin Iversen, Cathrine Hoyo
PURPOSE: Childcare has been associated with obesity in children in cross-sectional and longitudinal studies, although some observed no association. Few studies have focused on care during infancy, a period when children may be especially vulnerable. PARTICIPANTS: The Nurture Study is an observational birth cohort designed to assess longitudinal associations of childcare and the presence of multiple caregivers on infant adiposity and weight trajectories throughout the first year of life...
February 8, 2017: BMJ Open
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