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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785741/intergroup-contact-attitudes-across-peer-networks-in-school-selection-influence-and-implications-for-cross-group-friendships
#1
Deborah Rivas-Drake, Muniba Saleem, David R Schaefer, Michael Medina, Robert Jagers
This study offers new insights into the power of peer networks for shaping intergroup relations in a diverse school. Data were drawn from a longitudinal study of sixth-eighth graders (N = 524; MageT1  = 11.87; 48% girls; 9% Asian American/Pacific Islander, 28% African American, 13% Latino, 1% Native American, 31% White, 5% Other, and 11% Multiracial) in the Midwestern United States. Students with more positive intergroup contact attitudes (ICA) were most likely to be friends with similarly minded students...
May 22, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784532/short-term-results-of-flexor-hallucis-longus-transfer-in-delayed-and-neglected-achilles-tendon-repair
#2
Hamza Ozer, Yilmaz Ergisi, Gulcan Harput, Mehmet S Senol, Gul Baltaci
Flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon transfer to the calcaneus in the repair of delayed or neglected Achilles tendon (AT) injuries is a viable and dynamic option. Nineteen patients (18 males, 1 female; mean age 47.4 ± 12.4, range 24 to 74, years; body mass index 27.5 ± 4.5, range 23.2 to 38.9, kg/m2 ; interval from injury to surgery 40.8 ± 11.6, range 28 to 60, days) with delayed or neglected repair of AT rupture were included in the present study. FHL transfer to the calcaneus through a single incision and repair of the defect with native tendon lengthening or a tendinous turndown flap was performed...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781910/superior-baseplate-inclination-is-associated-with-instability-after-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#3
Robert Z Tashjian, Brook I Martin, Cassandra A Ricketts, Heath B Henninger, Erin K Granger, Peter N Chalmers
BACKGROUND: Instability is the most common complication after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA). In the native glenohumeral joint, in addition to full dislocations, more subtle forms of instability exist. However, the incidence of more subtle forms of instability, the factors associated with instability, and the effect of instability on validated outcome scores after rTSA remain poorly understood. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) After rTSA, what is the risk of instability, including more subtle forms of subjective instability? (2) What are the factors associated with instability? (3) Are more subtle forms of instability associated with lower American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) functional outcome scores than those patients without instability? METHODS: A total of 168 rTSAs were performed during the study period...
May 17, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780607/renal-cell-carcinoma-in-a-cat-with-polycystic-kidney-disease-undergoing-renal-transplantation
#4
Daniel J Adams, Jolie A Demchur, Lillian R Aronson
Case summary: A 10-year-old spayed female American Shorthair cat underwent renal transplantation due to worsening chronic kidney disease secondary to polycystic kidney disease. During transplantation, the right kidney grossly appeared to be more diseased than the left and was firmly adhered to the surrounding tissues. An intraoperative fine-needle aspirate of the right native kidney revealed inflammatory cells but no evidence of neoplasia. To create space for the allograft, a right nephrectomy was performed...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777049/prospective-study-of-coffee-consumption-and-cancer-incidence-in-non-white-populations
#5
Song-Yi Park, Neal D Freedman, Christopher A Haiman, Loic Le Marchand, Lynne R Wilkens, Veronica Wendy Setiawan
BACKGROUND: Coffee intake has been associated with risk of cancers, but the findings, mostly from studies in white populations, are inconsistent. We examined the association of coffee consumption with overall cancer incidence and specific cancer sites in a prospective study of African Americans, Native Hawaiians, Japanese Americans, Latinos and whites. METHODS: 167,720 participants of the Multiethnic Cohort in Hawaii and Los Angeles were included. Baseline coffee intake was assessed by a validated food-frequency questionnaire...
May 18, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777042/rates-of-infection-after-colonoscopy-and-osophagogastroduodenoscopy-in-ambulatory-surgery-centres-in-the-usa
#6
Peiqi Wang, Tim Xu, Saowanee Ngamruengphong, Martin A Makary, Anthony Kalloo, Susan Hutfless
OBJECTIVE: Over 15 million colonoscopies and 7 million osophagogastroduodenoscopies (OGDs) are performed annually in the USA. We aimed to estimate the rates of infections after colonoscopy and OGD performed in ambulatory surgery centres (ASCs). DESIGN: We identified colonoscopy and OGD procedures performed at ASCs in 2014 all-payer claims data from six states in the USA. Screening mammography, prostate cancer screening, bronchoscopy and cystoscopy procedures were comparators...
May 18, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776720/phylogenetic-analyses-of-bradyrhizobium-symbionts-associated-with-invasive-crotalaria-zanzibarica-and-its-coexisting-legumes-in-taiwan
#7
Cheng-Tai Huang, Kuan-Ting Hish, Chun-Neng Wang, Chi-Te Liu, Wen-Yuan Kao
In this study, the genetic diversity and identification of Bradyrhizobium symbionts of Crotalaria zanzibarica, the most widely-distributed invasive legume in Taiwan, and other sympatric legume species growing along riverbanks of Taiwan were evaluated for the first time. In total, 59 and 54 Bradyrhizobium isolates were obtained from C. zanzibarica and its coexisting legume species, respectively. Based on the multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) of concatenated four housekeeping genes (dnaK-glnII-recA-rpoB gene sequences, 1901bp), the 113 isolates displayed 53 unique haplotypes and grouped into 21 clades...
May 7, 2018: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776622/sleep-deficiency-among-native-hawaiian-pacific-islander-black-and-white-americans-and-the-association-with-cardiometabolic-diseases-analysis-of-the-national-health-interview-survey-data
#8
Ellyn E Matthews, Chenghui Li, Christopher R Long, Marie-Rachelle Narcisse, Bradley C Martin, Pearl Anna McElfish
PURPOSE: Examine sleep deficiency, factors, and associations with cardiometabolic diseases in United States Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders (NHPI), Blacks, and Whites. DESIGN: Data from the 2014 National Health Interview Survey and NHPI National Health Interview Survey household interviews of adults were analyzed. PARTICIPANTS: Of 31,724 participants, 7% were NHPI, 14% were Black, and 79% were White. METHODS: Habitual sleep duration and quality, sociodemographic/economic covariates, health behaviors, psychological distress, and chronic diseases were self-reported...
June 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773520/frequency-of-gjb2-mutations-in-patients-with-nonsyndromic-hearing-loss-from-an-ethnically-characterized-brazilian-population
#9
Felippe Felix, Marcia Gonçalves Ribeiro, Shiro Tomita, Mariano Gustavo Zalis
INTRODUCTION: In different parts of the world, mutations in the GJB2 gene are associated with nonsyndromic hearing loss, and the homozygous 35delG mutation (p.Gly12Valfs*2) is a major cause of hereditary hearing loss. However, the 35delG mutation is not equally prevalent across ethnicities, making it important to study other mutations, especially in multiethnic countries such as Brazil. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify different mutations in the GJB2 gene in patients with severe to profound nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing loss of putative genetic origin, and who were negative or heterozygote for the 35delG mutation...
November 21, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771399/trends-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-under-the-patient-protection-and-affordable-care-act-a-national-database-analysis-between-2008-and-2015
#10
Jennifer I Etcheson, Nicole E George, Chukwuweike U Gwam, James Nace, Alexander T Caughran, Melbin Thomas, Sana Virani, Ronald E Delanois
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act expanded health coverage for low-earning individuals and families. With more Americans having access to care, the use of elective procedures, such as total hip arthroplasty (THA), was expected to increase. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate trends in THA before and after the initiation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act regarding race, age, body mass index, and sex between 2008 and 2015. The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was queried for all individuals who had undergone primary THA between 2008 and 2015...
May 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770947/when-marijuana-is-used-before-cigarettes-or-alcohol-demographic-predictors-and-associations-with-heavy-use-cannabis-use-disorder-and-other-drug-related-outcomes
#11
Brian J Fairman, C Debra Furr-Holden, Renee M Johnson
Recent loosening of state and federal policy restrictions on marijuana, along with changes in social norms regarding marijuana use and decreases in prevalence of other types of substance use, may lead to increases in youth initiating marijuana before other types of substances such as alcohol and tobacco. We investigated predictors and potential consequences of initiating marijuana before other drugs for youth aged 12-21-years in the USA. Nationally representative, cross-sectional survey data from the US National Survey on Drug Use and Health supplied self-reported age of first marijuana, cigarettes, alcohol, other tobacco, and other illegal drug use among 12-21-year-old samples from 2004 to 2014 (n = 275,559)...
May 17, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767756/influenza-vaccination-coverage-among-us-children-from-2004-2005-to-2015-2016
#12
Changwei Tian, Hua Wang, Wenming Wang, Xiaoming Luo
Background: Quantify the influenza vaccine coverage is essential to identify emerging concerns and to immunization programs for targeting interventions. Methods: Data from National Health Interview Survey were used to estimate receipt of at least one dose of influenza vaccination among children 6 months to 17 years of age. Results: Influenza vaccination coverage increased from 16.70% during 2004/2005 to 49.43% during 2015/2016 (3.18% per year, P < 0...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767439/lessons-learned-and-next-steps-for-building-knowledge-about-tribal-maternal-infant-and-early-childhood-home-visiting
#13
Corrie B Whitmore, Michelle Sarche, Cathy Ferron, John Moritsugu, Jenae G Sanchez
Authors in this Special Issue of the Infant Mental Health Journal shared the work of the first three cohorts of Tribal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) grantees funded by the Administration for Children and Families. Since 2010, Tribal MIECHV grantees have served families and children prenatally to kindergarten entry in American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities across the lower 48 United States and Alaska. Articles highlighted challenges and opportunities that arose as grantees adapted, enhanced, implemented, and evaluated their home-visiting models...
May 16, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767424/cultural-adaptations-of-evidence-based-home-visitation-models-in-tribal-communities
#14
Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Myra E Parker, Jenae Sanchez, Rebecca Riley, Debra Heath, Julianna C Chomo, Moushumi Beltangady, Michelle Sarche
The Tribal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (Tribal MIECHV) Program provides federal grants to tribes, tribal consortia, tribal organizations, and urban Indian organizations to implement evidence-based home-visiting services for American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) families. To date, only one evidence-based home-visiting program has been developed for use in AI/AN communities. The purpose of this article is to describe the steps that four Tribal MIECHV Programs took to assess community needs, select a home-visiting model, and culturally adapt the model for use in AI/AN communities...
May 16, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764295/acoustic-sources-of-accent-in-second-language-japanese-speech
#15
Kaori Idemaru, Peipei Wei, Lucy Gubbins
This study reports an exploratory analysis of the acoustic characteristics of second language (L2) speech which give rise to the perception of a foreign accent. Japanese speech samples were collected from American English and Mandarin Chinese speakers ( n = 16 in each group) studying Japanese. The L2 participants and native speakers ( n = 10) provided speech samples modeling after six short sentences. Segmental (vowels and stops) and prosodic features (rhythm, tone, and fluency) were examined. Native Japanese listeners ( n = 10) rated the samples with regard to degrees of foreign accent...
May 1, 2018: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759088/maternal-educational-attainment-and-sex-ratio-at-birth-by-race-in-the-united-states-2007-2015
#16
Victor Grech
SummaryMany factors influence the male:female birth ratio (number of male births divided by total births, M/T). Studies have suggested that this ratio may be positively correlated with the education levels of mothers. This study assessed the effect of maternal education on M/T in the US population overall and by racial group. Number of live births by sex of the child, maternal educational level reached and race were obtained from the Centres for Disease Control (CDC Wonder) for the period 2007-2015. The total study sample comprised 28,268,183 live births...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757070/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-diabetes-diagnosis-and-glycemic-control-among-women-of-reproductive-age
#17
Laura E Britton, Jon M Hussey, Jamie L Crandell, Diane C Berry, Jada L Brooks, Amy G Bryant
BACKGROUND: Types 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus complicate pregnancies and threaten the health of women of reproductive age and their children. Among older adults, diabetes morbidity disproportionately burdens racial/ethnic minorities, but diabetes emergence among younger adults has not been as well characterized. The objective of this study was to describe the distribution of diagnosed diabetes, undiagnosed diabetes, suboptimal preconception glycemic control, and prediabetes among women of reproductive age across racial/ethnic backgrounds...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756558/social-integration-and-domestic-violence-support-in-an-indigenous-community-women-s-recommendations-of-formal-versus-informal-sources-of-support
#18
G Robin Gauthier, Sara C Francisco, Bilal Khan, Kirk Dombrowski
Throughout North America, indigenous women experience higher rates of intimate partner violence and sexual violence than any other ethnic group, and so it is of particular importance to understand sources of support for Native American women. In this article, we use social network analysis to study the relationship between social integration and women's access to domestic violence support by examining the recommendations they would give to another woman in need. We ask two main questions: First, are less integrated women more likely to make no recommendation at all when compared with more socially integrated women? Second, are less integrated women more likely than more integrated women to nominate a formal source of support rather than an informal one? We use network data collected from interviews with 158 Canadian women residing in an indigenous community to measure their access to support...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755391/odor-learning-and-its-experience-dependent-modulation-in-the-south-american-native-bumblebee-bombus-atratus-hymenoptera-apidae
#19
Florencia Palottini, María C Estravis Barcala, Walter M Farina
Learning about olfactory stimuli is essential in bumblebees' life since it is involved in orientation, recognition of nest sites, foraging efficiency and food yield for the colony as a whole. To evaluate associative learning abilities in bees under controlled environmental conditions, the proboscis extension response (PER) assay is a well-established method used in honey bees, stingless bees and successfully adapted to bumblebees of the genus Bombus . However, studies on the learning capacity of Bombus atratus (Hymenoptera: Apidae), one of the most abundant native species in South America, are non-existent...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754561/an-economic-cost-analysis-of-an-expanding-multi-state-behavioural-telehealth-intervention
#20
Siobhan K Yilmaz, Brady P Horn, Chris Fore, Caroline A Bonham
Introduction In this paper the economic costs associated with a growing, multi-state telepsychiatry intervention serving rural American Indian/Alaska Native populations were compared to costs of travelling to provide/receive in-person treatment. Methods Telepsychiatry costs were calculated using administrative, information-technology, equipment and technology components, and were compared to travel cost models. Both a patient travel and a psychiatrist travel model were estimated utilising ArcGIS software and unit costs gathered from literature and government sources...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
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