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Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333062/helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-esophageal-adenocarcinoma-a-review-and-a-personal-view
#1
REVIEW
Stergios A Polyzos, Christos Zeglinas, Fotini Artemaki, Michael Doulberis, Evangelos Kazakos, Panagiotis Katsinelos, Jannis Kountouras
Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is etiologically associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). There is evidence to support the sequence GERD, Barrett's esophagus (BE), dysplasia, and finally EAC, with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) being implicated in each step to EAC. On the other side of this relation stands the hypothesis of the protective role of H. pylori against EAC. Based on this controversy, our aim was to review the literature, specifically original clinical studies and meta-analyses linking H...
January 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333061/critical-appraisal-of-rome-iv-criteria-hypersensitive-esophagus-does-belong-to-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-spectrum
#2
REVIEW
Leonardo Frazzoni, Marzio Frazzoni, Nicola de Bortoli, Salvatore Tolone, Irene Martinucci, Lorenzo Fuccio, Vincenzo Savarino, Edoardo Savarino
The Rome IV Committee introduced a major change in the classification of functional gastrointestinal disorders, proposing a more restrictive definition of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). It was suggested that hypersensitive esophagus (HE) may sit more firmly within the functional realm. It was suggested that GERD diagnosis should be based upon abnormal acid exposure time (AET) only, implying no advantage of impedance-pH over pH monitoring. Symptom association probability (SAP), symptom index (SI) and heartburn relief with proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy were regarded as unreliable, whereas a lack of response to PPI was considered as evidence of functional heartburn...
January 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327685/the-role-of-pepsin-in-the-laryngopharyngeal-reflux
#3
Katarzyna Kowalik, Antoni Krzeski
Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is a common defect among laryngological and phoniatric patients. Although LPR is categorized as a superficial gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), differential diagnosis should treat these two diseases separately. LPR symptoms can be assessed in the interview using as a tool the reflux symptom index (RSI). In addition, changes in the larynx that occur during LPR might be seen during laryngoscopy and classified according to the reflux finding score (RFS). One of the main mucosal irritants in LPR is pepsin which digests proteins and impairs the functions of the upper respiratory tract cells by affecting carbonate anhydrase (CAIII) and the Sep 70 protein...
December 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325919/patients-with-cerebral-stroke-have-an-increased-risk-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-a-population-based-cohort-study
#4
Chen-Shu Chang, Hsuan-Ju Chen, Chun-Hui Liao
BACKGROUND: Medical complications following stroke often result in significant morbidity. This study was designed to investigate the prevalence and risk of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) between patients with stroke and those without stroke in Taiwan. METHODS AND RESULTS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. The study included 18,412 patients newly diagnosed as having stroke during 2000-2006 and 18,412 patients without stroke frequency-matched by sex, age, and index year...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320988/prevalence-and-key-radiographic-spinal-malalignment-parameters-that-influence-the-risk-for-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-patients-treated-surgically-for-adult-spinal-deformity
#5
Tetsuro Ohba, Shigeto Ebata, Kensuke Koyama, Hirotaka Haro
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a factor that has a significant negative impact on the quality of life (QoL). Vertebral fractures and/or spinal malalignment may influence the frequency of GERD. However, the epidemiology and pathology of GERD in patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD) are still largely unknown. To establish the optimal surgical strategy for GERD in patients treated surgically for ASD, we sought to clarify the GERD prevalence, determine radiographically which spinal malalignment parameters influence GERD risk, and evaluate GERD improvement postoperatively...
January 10, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305934/efficacy-of-laparoscopic-nissen-fundoplication-vs-transoral-incisionless-fundoplication-or-proton-pump-inhibitors-in-patients-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#6
Joel Richter, Ambuj Kumar, Seth Lipka, Branko Miladinovic, Vic Velanovich
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The effects of transoral incisionless fundoplication (TIF) and laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF) have been compared with those of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) or a sham procedure in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), but there has been no direct comparison of TIF vs LNF. We performed a systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to compare the relative efficacies of TIF vs LNF in patients with GERD. METHODS: We searched publication databases and conference abstracts through May 10, 2017 for randomized controlled trials that compared the efficacy of TIF or LNF with that of a sham procedure or PPIs in patients with GERD...
January 3, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284953/incidence-and-pattern-of-dental-erosion-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-patients
#7
Anupama Ramachandran, Sulthan Ibrahim Raja Khan, Nandinee Vaitheeswaran
Aim: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a very common condition whose consequences of are localized not only in the esophagus; extra-esophageal involvement has frequently been reported. The aim of the study is to examine the incidence and pattern of dental erosion in GERD patients. Methodology: A total of 50 patients were recruited in this study (control -25 and GERD -25). All participants diagnosed having GERD by the endoscopic examination by their gastroenterologist are included...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282636/vonoprazan-a-novel-and-potent-alternative-in-the%C3%A2-treatment-of-acid-related-diseases
#8
REVIEW
Xiaoxiao Yang, Yueyue Li, Yiyuan Sun, Mingming Zhang, Chuanguo Guo, Iqtida Ahmed Mirza, Yan-Qing Li
Although proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have been used widely, acid-related diseases are still associated with a huge burden on the health care system. Recently, the efficacy and safety of a new acid suppressant named vonoprazan in the treatment of acid-related diseases have been evaluated by a series of studies. As a novel potassium-competitive acid blocker, vonoprazan may provide reversible acid suppression by preventing K+ from binding to gastric H+/K+-ATPase. It has been clinically used for the short-term treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), peptic ulcer disease and Helicobacter pylori (H...
December 27, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259636/the-relationship-between-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-iranian-adults
#9
Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Pouria Shaabani, Seyed-Reza Tabibian, Parvane Saneei, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Peyman Adibi
Background: Findings from studies that investigated the relationship between fruit and vegetable intake with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) were inconsistent. We aimed to assess the relationship between fruit and vegetable consumption and GERD among a large group of Iranian adults. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study on 3979 adults, a validated food frequency questionnaire was used to assess usual dietary intakes including fruits and vegetables...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259626/hiatoplasty-with-crura-buttressing-versus-hiatoplasty-alone-during-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#10
Andrea Balla, Silvia Quaresima, Pietro Ursi, Ardit Seitaj, Livia Palmieri, Danilo Badiali, Alessandro M Paganini
Introduction: In obese patients with hiatal hernia (HH), laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) with cruroplasty is an option but use of prosthetic mesh crura reinforcement is debated. The aim was to compare the results of hiatal closure with or without mesh buttressing during LSG. Methods: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) was assessed by the Health-Related Quality of Life (GERD-HRQL) questionnaire before and after surgery in two consecutive series of patients with esophageal hiatus ≤ 4 cm2...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250106/update-on-the-management-of-barrett-s-esophagus-in-austria
#11
M Riegler, I Kristo, M Nikolic, E Rieder, S F Schoppmann
Background: Barrett's esophagus (BE) is the premalignant manifestation of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) with and without endoscopic resection (ER) is a novel treatment for BE. Methods: Here we present a single-center update of the recommendations of a recent (June 2015) interdisciplinary expert panel meeting on the management of BE with dysplasia as well as cancer-positive and cancer-negative BE. We conducted a PubMed search of studies published in 2016 and 2017 on the topic of BE and RFA...
2017: European Surgery: ACA: Acta Chirurgica Austriaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250105/dietary-sugar-and-barrett-s-esophagus
#12
M Riegler, I Kristo, R Asari, E Rieder, S F Schoppmann
Introduction: Barrett's esophagus (BE) represents the premalignant morphology of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Evidence indicates a positive correlation between GERD vs. obesity and increased sugar consumption. Methods: Here we analyzed recently published data (2006-2017) on the role of dietary sugar intake for BE development (main focus year 2017). Results: Recent investigations found a positive association between obesity, hip waist ratio and dietary sugar intake and Barrett's esophagus...
2017: European Surgery: ACA: Acta Chirurgica Austriaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248880/constrictive-bronchiolitis-presenting-with-a-mixed-obstructive-and-restrictive-pattern-associated-with-acid-reflux
#13
Kristen Capel, Richard Dee Shih
A previously healthy 55-year-old woman presented with worsening dyspnoea on exertion. The patient lived at altitude, did not smoke and had no exposure to occupational or environmental toxins. Her physical examination, including pulmonary, was unremarkable. Pulmonary function tests showed forced expiratory volume in 1 s/forced vital capacity ratio 74% predicted, diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) 92% predicted and residual volume 213% predicted. Rheumatological workup was negative. Chest radiograph showed hyperinflation without consolidation, and high-resolution chest CT showed mosaic attenuation with air trapping on expiratory imaging...
December 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248733/esophageal-mucosal-impedance-patterns-discriminate-patients-with-eosinophilic-esophagitis-from-patients-with-gerd
#14
Yash Choksi, Pooja Lal, James C Slaughter, Rohit Sharda, Jacob Parnell, Tina Higginbotham, Michael F Vaezi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: It is a challenge to make a diagnosis of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) because its symptoms and histologic features overlap with those of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). A minimally invasive device was recently developed to detect mucosal impedance (MI) that measures epithelial integrity during upper endoscopy. We aimed to quantify MI along the esophagus and identify patterns that differentiated patients with and without GERD from those with EoE, and determine whether MI values and patterns are sufficient to identify patients with EoE using histologic findings as a reference...
December 14, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247777/determining-risk-of-barrett-s-esophagus-and-esophageal-adenocarcinoma-based-on-epidemiologic-factors-and-genetic-variants
#15
Jing Dong, Matthew F Buas, Puya Gharahkhani, Bradley J Kendall, Lynn Onstad, Shanshan Zhao, Lesley A Anderson, Anna H Wu, Weimin Ye, Nigel C Bird, Leslie Bernstein, Wong-Ho Chow, Marilie D Gammon, Geoffrey Liu, Carlos Caldas, Paul D Pharoah, Harvey A Risch, Prasad G Iyer, Brian J Reid, Laura J Hardie, Jesper Lagergren, Nicholas J Shaheen, Douglas A Corley, Rebecca C Fitzgerald, David C Whiteman, Thomas L Vaughan, Aaron P Thrift
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We developed comprehensive models to determine risk of Barrett's esophagus (BE) or esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) based on genetic and non-genetic factors. METHODS: We used pooled data from 3288 patients with BE, 2511 patients with EAC, and 2177 individuals without either (controls) from participants in the international Barrett's and EAC consortium as well as the United Kingdom's BE gene study and stomach and esophageal cancer study. We collected data on 23 genetic variants associated with risk for BE or EAC, and constructed a polygenic risk score (PRS) for cases and controls by summing the risk allele counts for the variants weighted by their natural log-transformed effect estimates (odds ratios) extracted from genome-wide association studies...
December 13, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246457/the-effectiveness-and-safety-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-with-different-sizes-of-bougie-calibration-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Yao Wang, Xiao-Yan Yi, Li-Lin Gong, Qi-Fu Li, Jun Zhang, Zhi-Hong Wang
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to compare the influence of different calibrating bougie sizes on clinical outcomes in laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) for patients with obesity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed using the key words: "laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy", "bougie size", "calibration", "obesity", and "obese" for searches of electronic databases up to October 2017. Clinical characteristics such as, the percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL), overall complications, gastrointestinal leaks, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) were pooled by meta-analysis...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241388/hypercalcemia-induced-pancreatitis-in-pregnancy-following-calcium-carbonate-ingestion
#17
May S Trezevant, John C Winton, Ashley K Holmes
BACKGROUND: Calcium carbonate is often used to relieve Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) in pregnant patients. This report describes a potentially serious complication. CASE: A pregnant female presented at 34 weeks gestation with abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Home medications included an unquantifiable amount of calcium carbonate 500 mg due to constant consumption for GERD. Laboratory findings included elevated calcium, amylase, lipase, and triglyceride level...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238490/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-among-population-of-arar-city-northern-saudi-arabia
#18
Anwar Matar Alsulobi, Nagah Mohamed Abo El-Fetoh, Sara Ghazi Eid Alenezi, Razan Ahmed Alanazi, Rawan Hamdan Salem Alenazy, Fryail Aied Lafi Alenzy, Amthal Alturqi Alenzi, Aisha Melfy Al Hazmy, Kholoud Obeid Albathaly, Rehab Jazem Fattal Alruwaili, Ibtisam Matan Alanazi, Ebtihal Ahmad Ali Alghamdi, Maryam Saeed Alanazi, Najah Owaed Aienzi
Background: During the recent decade, several studies about prevalence of symptom-based GERD have revealed increase of its prevalence. In addition to the highly disturbing typical symptoms, it has a series of known consequences and may affect the quality of life. Objective: To determine the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) as well as their main characteristics and risk factors among the population of Arar City, Northern Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on a sample of 302 individuals from population of Arar city from October 01, 2016 to May 30, 2017, using a researcher made questionnaire and checklist...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238098/mesh-hiatal-reinforcement-in-laparoscopic-nissen-fundoplication-for-neurologically-impaired-children-is-safe-and-feasible
#19
Hizuru Amano, Yujiro Tanaka, Hiroshi Kawashima, Kyoichi Deie, Keisuke Suzuki, Michimasa Fujiogi, Kaori Morita, Tadashi Iwanaka, Hiroo Uchida
Fundoplication is a standard treatment for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in neurologically impaired children. However, it has a high recurrence rate due to wrap herniation and disruption resulting from the failure or enlargement of the esophageal hiatus suture site. In adult patients with GERD, reinforcement of the sutured esophageal hiatus with a mesh significantly reduces the recurrence rate after surgery for esophageal hiatus hernia. In children, there are no big series of fundoplication with mesh reinforcement...
November 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231475/-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-at-neiguan-pc-6-and-zusanli-st-36-for-clinical-symptoms-and-life-quality-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-patients
#20
Lingling Wu, Zheng Lin, Lin Lin, Hongjie Zhang, Meifeng Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation(TENS) for symptoms,life quality and sleep quality in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD). METHODS: A total of 46 GERD patients were randomly assigned into an observation group and a control group,23 cases in each one. The conventional medication and nursing were applied in the two groups. TENS was used at Neiguan(PC 6) and Zusanli(ST 36) in the observation group for 4 weeks,20 min a time,twice a day...
February 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
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