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Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430558/lower-esophageal-sphincter-augmentation-for-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-the-safety-of-a-modern-implant
#1
C Daniel Smith, Robert A Ganz, John C Lipham, Reginald C Bell, David W Rattner
INTRODUCTION: Use of the magnetic sphincter augmentation device (MSAD) for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is increasing. As this innovative treatment for GERD gains widespread use and adoption, an assessment of its safety since U.S. market introduction is presented. METHODS: Events were collected from the Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience (MAUDE) database, which reports events submitted to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) of suspected device-associated deaths, serious injuries, and malfunctions...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429201/how-to-approach-lymphocytic-esophagitis
#2
REVIEW
Anh D Nguyen, Kerry B Dunbar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lymphocytic esophagitis (LE) is an unusual esophageal condition defined by an increased number of lymphocytes in the esophageal epithelium. With few published studies of LE available, it is unclear whether LE is a truly distinct clinical entity or a histological manifestation of other known gastrointestinal disorders. This review summarizes recent studies of lymphocytic esophagitis. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies have suggested that LE may be related to eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) or a manifestation of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)...
June 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428706/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-and-morbid-obesity-to-sleeve-or-not-to-sleeve
#3
EDITORIAL
Fabrizio Rebecchi, Marco E Allaix, Marco G Patti, Francisco Schlottmann, Mario Morino
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has reached wide popularity during the last 15 years, due to the limited morbidity and mortality rates, and the very good weight loss results and effects on comorbid conditions. However, there are concerns regarding the effects of LSG on gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The interpretation of the current evidence is challenged by the fact that the LSG technique is not standardized, and most studies investigate the presence of GERD by assessing symptoms and the use of acid reducing medications only...
April 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427116/current-trends-in-the-management-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#4
REVIEW
Dalbir S Sandhu, Ronnie Fass
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) defined as heartburn and/or regurgitation is one of the most common gastrointestinal disorder managed by gastroenterologists and primary care physicians. There is an increase in GERD prevalence since 1995 particularly in North America and East Asia. Over the past three decades proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) had become the mainstay medical therapy for management of GERD. However, over the last decade there is an increasing awareness amongst physicians and patient population regarding the side effects of otherwise considered safe PPIs...
April 24, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425652/endoscopic-findings-of-esophagogastric-junction-in-children
#5
Yoshiko Nakayama, Shinobu Ida
Esophagogastric landmarks are recognizable in the same way both in children and in adults, and palisade-shaped vessels can be observed at the distal position of esophageal mucosa, even in infants. Few studies have been done in respect to Barrett's esophagus (BE) in children. Incidence of endoscopically suspected BE among all children undergoing esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is approximately 0.25-1.4%, but can be up to 9.7% in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Some data suggest that BE is an acquired disorder and point to the possibility of a congenital component in combination with severe mucosal injury...
April 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414898/does-my-patient-still-have-reflux-when-ppi-therapy-does-not-work
#6
REVIEW
M F Vaezi
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common condition around the world. The management of this disease is less than satisfying given complexity of patient presentation and suboptimal diagnostic testing when employed for those poorly responsive to acid suppressive therapy. In this mini review, we discuss some new strategies employed for patients with suspected GERD to better understand disease pathophysiology. We compare the strategies and outline a clinically relevant approach in this difficult group of patients...
May 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403034/national-study-of-off-label-proton-pump-inhibitor-use-among-new-zealand-infants-in-the-first-year-of-life-2005-2012
#7
Mei-Ling Blank, Lianne Parkin
OBJECTIVE: Off-label prescribing of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) to infants to treat symptoms attributed to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is widely reported, despite evidence that PPIs are no more effective than placebo in relieving those symptoms. To initiate discussion about appropriate prescribing of these drugs for infants, we describe the characteristics of PPI use among infants in New Zealand. METHODS: In this population-based study we used routinely collected dispensing data to identify all children born between 2005 and 2012 who were dispensed a government-subsidized PPI (omeprazole, lansoprazole, pantoprazole) before their first birthday...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393826/-possibilities-of-ph-impedance-and-high-resolution-manometry-in-managing-patients-with-refractory-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#8
I V Maev, E V Barkalova, M A Ovsepyan, Yu A Kucheryavyi, D N Andreev
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common condition that has a substantial impact on quality of life in patients and is a leading risk factor for esophageal adenocarcinoma. Now therapy with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) is a basic method in the treatment of patients with GERD; however, one third of the patients do not respond to the therapy used. The causes of refractory GERD are a fairly large group of heterogeneous factors contributing to the inefficacy of PPIs in adequate dosage. Among these factors, there is low compliance by patients to the prescribed treatment regimen; nocturnal acid breakthrough; СУР2С19 gene polymorphism; chiasm syndrome with functional diseases of the gastrointestinal tract; non-acidic refluxes in a patient; thoracic esophageal motility disorders; the increased number and duration of transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation periods; hiatus hernia; and misdiagnosis...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389792/laparoscopic-redo-fundoplication-improves-disease-specific-and-global-quality-of-life-following-failed-laparoscopic-or-open-fundoplication
#9
Sara E Martin Del Campo, Sara A Mansfield, Andrew J Suzo, Jeffrey W Hazey, Kyle A Perry
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic fundoplication is associated with failure rates of up to 30% and redo operation rates of 5-8%. Redo fundoplication improves patient symptoms, but its impact on patient quality of life remains unclear. We hypothesized that laparoscopic redo fundoplication improves disease-specific and global quality of life in patients with recurrent symptoms following failed laparoscopic or open fundoplication. METHODS: Data for all patients undergoing a redo fundoplication between August 2009 and June 2014 were collected prospectively...
April 7, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385467/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-related-symptom-recurrence-in-patients-discontinuing-proton-pump-inhibitors-for-bravo-esophageal-wireless-ph-monitoring-study
#10
R Schey, S P Alla, D Midani, H P Parkman
BACKGROUND: Patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are treated with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). Those that do not achieve symptom relief, or non-responders, usually undergo esophageal pH monitoring off PPIs in order to confirm the presence of GERD. AIMS: To assess the efficacy of the reverse-PPI trial in evaluating the presence of GERD or its recurrence rates, as well as to identify a correlation between the symptom recurrence rates and GERD severity determined by 48-hour Bravo esophageal pH-monitor testing...
April 3, 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383316/interim-report-of-a-prospective-trial-on-the-clinical-efficiency-of-a-new-full-thickness-endoscopic-plication-device-for-patients-with-gerd-impact-of-changed-suture-material
#11
Michael Weitzendorfer, Georg O Spaun, Stavros A Antoniou, Andreas Tschoner, Philipp Schredl, Klaus Emmanuel, Oliver O Koch
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present trial is to investigate the clinical efficiency of the GERDx device for patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective study evaluating Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index, symptoms scores, as well as esophageal manometry and impedance-pH-monitoring data at baseline and 3 months after endoscopic full-thickness plication with the GERDx device. RESULTS: In total, 28 patients underwent the procedure so far...
April 5, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382290/factors-predicting-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-nissen-fundoplication-for-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-experience-at-a-single-institution-in-korea
#12
Joong-Min Park, Beom Jin Kim, Jae Gyu Kim, Kyong-Choun Chi
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic fundoplication is considered the standard surgical treatment for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in Western countries. However, some patients experience poor surgical outcomes with this procedure. The study aimed to identify the predictive factors of the surgical outcomes of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication for the treatment of Korean GERD patients. METHODS: Sixty-one patients with GERD were treated using laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication between November 2012 and February 2015...
April 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375485/upper-esophageal-sphincter-motility-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-the-light-of-the-high-resolution-manometry
#13
B F Nadaleto, F A M Herbella, B R Pinna, M G Patti
This study aims to evaluate the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) motility in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) as compared to healthy volunteers. We retrospectively studied the HRM tests of 44 patients (median age: 61 years, 54% females) under evaluation for GERD. The manometric UES parameters of these patients were compared to 40 healthy volunteers (median age: 27 years, 50% females). Almost half of the patients had a short and hypotonic UES. Patients with extraesophageal symptoms had a higher proportion of hypotonic UES as compared to patients with esophageal symptoms...
April 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375448/alginate-therapy-is-effective-treatment-for-gerd-symptoms-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
D A Leiman, B P Riff, S Morgan, D C Metz, G W Falk, B French, C A Umscheid, J D Lewis
In patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and erosive esophagitis, treatment with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) is highly effective. However, in some patients, especially those with nonerosive reflux disease or atypical GERD symptoms, acid-suppressive therapy with PPIs is not as successful. Alginates are medications that work through an alternative mechanism by displacing the postprandial gastric acid pocket. This study performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the benefit of alginate-containing compounds in the treatment of patients with symptoms of GERD...
May 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375446/quality-of-life-in-children-who-have-undergone-fundoplication-surgery-for-the-treatment-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-a-review-of-literature
#15
S Pilli, A Jiwane, U Krishnan
Health-related quality of life (QOL) in children is not just related to physical symptoms but also how a disease impacts them psychosocially-mental, emotional, behavioral, and school functioning, all of which contribute to the growth and development of a child. A chronic disease, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) characterized by troublesome symptoms and complications, can significantly impair a child's QOL. This makes it vital that treatment options aim at addressing this. Fundoplication, the surgical treatment for GERD, is one of the most common upper gastrointestinal surgeries performed by pediatric surgeons...
May 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375445/the-effect-of-increased-chewing-strokes-on-the-demeester-score
#16
V Arya, S Agarwal, S Singh, C Sison, K A Gupta
Saliva is known to be protective for esophageal mucosa. Increased chewing strokes result in a quantitative and qualitative enhancement of saliva. Reduction in the amount of saliva produced results in an increased incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which can be objectively measured by the DeMeester score. The impact of increased chewing strokes on the DeMeester score remains largely unknown, thus this study aimed to find out their impact on the value of the DeMeester score and its individual components...
May 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373773/factors-associated-with-residual-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-symptoms-in-patients-receiving-proton-pump-inhibitor-maintenance-therapy
#17
Fumiaki Kawara, Tsuyoshi Fujita, Yoshinori Morita, Atsushi Uda, Atsuhiro Masuda, Masaya Saito, Makoto Ooi, Tsukasa Ishida, Yasuyuki Kondo, Shiei Yoshida, Tatsuya Okuno, Yoshihiko Yano, Masaru Yoshida, Hiromu Kutsumi, Takanobu Hayakumo, Kazuhiko Yamashita, Takeshi Hirano, Midori Hirai, Takeshi Azuma
AIM: To elucidate the factors associated with residual gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms in patients receiving proton pump inhibitor (PPI) maintenance therapy in clinical practice. METHODS: The study included 39 GERD patients receiving maintenance PPI therapy. Residual symptoms were assessed using the Frequency Scale for Symptoms of GERD (FSSG) questionnaire and the Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS). The relationships between the FSSG score and patient background factors, including the CYP2C19 genotype, were analyzed...
March 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370911/esophageal-sensitivity-to-acid-in-patients-with-barrett-s-esophagus-is-not-related-to-preserved-esophageal-mucosal-integrity
#18
P W Weijenborg, A J P M Smout, K K Krishnadath, J G H M Bergman, J Verheij, A J Bredenoord
BACKGROUND: Patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE) usually have severe gastroesophageal reflux. However, they often have surprisingly few reflux symptoms. We hypothesized that BE patients are less sensitive to acid than gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients without Barrett and that this is due to an unusual preservation of mucosal integrity of the squamous epithelium prohibiting transepithelial acid diffusion. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed esophageal sensitivity and esophageal mucosal integrity in GERD patients with and without BE and healthy subjects...
March 30, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366009/nickel-sensitivity-in-patients-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#19
Nurşad Aslan, Mesut Sezikli, Emel Erdal
OBJECTIVE: Various foods play important role in the pathogenesis of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). These foods are shown to increase gastroesophageal reflux symptoms via various mechanisms and majority of these foods also contain nickel. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between Nickel sensitivity and GERD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty four patients diagnosed with GERD and 50 healthy volunteers who were admitted to our gastroenterology outpatient clinic were took part in the study...
April 2, 2017: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365873/effects-of-esophageal-acidification-on-troublesome-symptoms-an-approach-to-characterize-true-acid-gerd-in-dysphagic-neonates
#20
Maneesha Sivalingam, Swetha Sitaram, Kathryn A Hasenstab, Lai Wei, Frederick W Woodley, Sudarshan R Jadcherla
To quantify and compare maximal extent (height) of acid reflux events (AREs) on symptom generation in dysphagic neonates. Dysphagic neonates (N = 53), born at 30 ± 5.3 weeks gestation, underwent 24-hour pH-impedance study for the evaluation of troublesome symptoms purported to be due to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). AREs (pH < 4 for >4 s) detected by impedance (Z) were categorized by maximal extent as refluxate reaching distal (Z6, Z5), middle (Z4, Z3), or proximal (Z2, Z1) impedance channels...
April 1, 2017: Dysphagia
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