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Ankle replacement

Oliver J Gagné, Andrea Veljkovic, Mark Glazebrook, Timothy R Daniels, Murray J Penner, Kevin J Wing, Alastair S E Younger
BACKGROUND: People who are affected by end-stage ankle arthritis are as disabled as those suffering from arthritis in other main articulations of the lower extremity. Once these patients become unable to perform their job duties, they leave the workforce and require financial aid from government agencies, which represents a considerable economic burden. Regardless of whether arthrodesis or arthroplasty is performed, we hypothesized that patients younger than 55 years at the time of surgery should be able to return to work within 2 years and require less social assistance...
March 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Peter J Hordyk, Brent A Fuerbringer, Thomas S Roukis
The most common reason for a revision total ankle replacement procedure is a painful, stiff ankle even after the initial surgery. Limited and conflicting data are available regarding the change in sagittal foot and ankle range of motion after revision total ankle replacement surgery. We sought to determine whether revision total ankle replacements would reduce compensatory midfoot range of motion. In determining this, a novel radiographic measurement system with stable osseous landmarks is used. A retrospective medical record review of patients who had undergone revision total ankle replacement from January 2009 to June 2016 was performed...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Bonnie Y Chien, Tonya Dixon, Daniel Guss, Christopher DiGiovanni
There are limited data to guide the use of venous thromboembolism disease (VTED) prophylaxis after foot and ankle surgery. Although there is general consensus that the overall risk is lower than after hip or knee replacement, subpopulations of patients may be at relatively heightened risk. Furthermore, existing data are often conflicting regarding the efficacy of prophylaxis, with little acknowledgment of the tradeoffs between VTED prophylaxis and potential complications associated with the use of such medications...
April 2018: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
Adam E M Eltorai, Wesley M Durand, Jack M Haglin, Lee E Rubin, Arnold-Peter C Weiss, Alan H Daniels
Understanding trends in reimbursement is critical to the financial sustainability of orthopedic practices. Little research has examined physician fee trends over time for orthopedic procedures. This study evaluated trends in Medicare reimbursements for orthopedic surgical procedures. The Medicare Physician Fee Schedule was examined for Current Procedural Terminology code values for the most common orthopedic and nonorthopedic procedures between 2000 and 2016. Prices were adjusted for inflation to 2016-dollar values...
March 1, 2018: Orthopedics
Yunwei Cui, Pan Hu, Ning Wei, Xiaodong Cheng, Wenli Chang, Wei Chen
BACKGROUND Clinical studies indicate that in total ankle arthroplasty, postoperative implant subsidence and medial tilt become two significant concerns of the ankle replacement system, and which are associated with the contact between the bones and the talar component. Up to now, little attention has focused on the contact between the bones and the talar component. MATERIAL AND METHODS In order to address implant subsidence and medial tilt, one three-dimensional finite element model of contact between the bone and the talar components was built with the material properties of the cancellous bone interpolated from the experimental data, which represents variation of material properties through the cancellous bones...
February 23, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Anke Röser, Sebastian Altenberger, Markus Walther
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
Federico G Usuelli, Riccardo D'Ambrosi, Luigi Manzi, Camilla Maccario, Cristian Indino
Total ankle replacement (TAR) is a valid option for the treatment of ankle osteoarthritis. The traditional surgical approach for TAR is the anterior approach. Recently, the lateral transfibular approach to the ankle has gained popularity since a new TAR implant was designed to be performed via this approach that results in an ideal visualization of the center of rotation of the ankle and curved resections that allow for sparing bone cuts. The aim of the present paper is to present our preoperative, operative, and postoperative protocols for the treatment of the osteoarthritis of the ankle with TAR via lateral approach...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
S Coyle, S Kinsella, B Lenehan, J M Queally
BACKGROUND: As healthcare systems come under ever-increasing pressure to provide more care with fewer resources, emphasis is being placed on value-based systems that maximise quality and minimize cost. The aim of this study was to determine which interventions in fracture care have been demonstrated to be cost effective. METHODS: A systemic review of cost-utility studies on the management of fractures from 1976 to 2015 was carried out using a search of the Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Registry, National Health Service Economic Evaluation Database (NHS EED) and MEDLINE...
January 31, 2018: Injury
Luigi Manzi, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Cristian Indino, Jacopo Tamini, Pedro Berjano, Federico Giuseppe Usuelli
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the test-retest reliability of the Phi angle in patients undergoing total ankle replacement (TAR) for end stage ankle osteoarthritis (OA) to assess the rotational alignment of the talar component. METHODS: Retrospective observational cross-sectional study of prospectively collected data. Post-operative anteroposterior radiographs of the foot of 170 patients who underwent TAR for the ankle OA were evaluated...
November 8, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Federico Giuseppe Usuelli, Cristian Indino, Camilla Maccario, Luigi Manzi, Federico Maria Liuni, Ettore Vulcano
BACKGROUND: Total ankle replacement (TAR) represents an alternative to fusion for the treatment of end-stage ankle osteoarthritis. The aim of the present study was to retrospectively assess the frequency of infections between TARs with anterior and lateral transfibular approach at 12-months follow-up. METHODS: 81 TARs through an anterior approach and 69 TARs through a lateral approach were performed between May 2011 and July 2015. We compared surgical time and tourniquet time, as well as superficial and deep infections frequency during the first 12 postoperative months...
August 4, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Feng Liu, Ruo-Kun Huang, Ming Xie, Hao Pan, Jing-Jing Zhao, Bo Lei
BACKGROUND: To examine the safety and efficacy of Masquelet's technique as a surgical method for treating the first metatarsophalangeal joint in cases of gout accompanied by a massive bone defect. METHODS: From January 2010 to January 2016, eleven patients (7 males and 4 females; mean age 33.1 years; range, 23-43 years) received surgical treatment for a first metatarsophalangeal joint tophus which caused a serious bone defect. The first metatarsophalangeal bone defects ranged from 3-6cm, or nearly 50% of the length of normal bone...
February 17, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Joana Arcângelo, Francisco Guerra-Pinto, André Pinto, André Grenho, Alfons Navarro, Xavier Martin Oliva
BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic cystic osteolysis is a well-known complication of total ankle replacement. Several theories have been proposed for its aetiology, based on individual biomechanical, radiological, histopathology and outcome studies. METHODS: Studies that met predefined inclusion/exclusion criteria were analysed to identify literature describing the presence of peri-prosthetic ankle cystic osteolysis. Quantitative data from the selected articles were combined and statistically tested in order to analyse possible relations between ankle peri-prosthetic bone cysts and specific implant characteristics...
November 29, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Markus Preis, Travis Bailey, Lucas S Marchand, Maxwell W Weinberg, Matthijs Jacxsens, Alexej Barg
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the short-term clinical and radiographic outcomes in patients who underwent conversion of a painful tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis to a total ankle replacement. METHODS: Six patients with painful ankle arthrodesis after tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis were included in this study. In all patients, conversion to total ankle replacement was performed using a 3rd -generation, non-constrained, cementless three-component prosthesis...
December 17, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Thomas W Wainwright, Tikki Immins, Johannes H A Antonis, Heath Taylor, Robert G Middleton
BACKGROUND: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) has been successfully adopted across a range of procedures. This study explores whether there is scope to improve length of stay (LOS) for total ankle replacement surgery (TAR) in the UK by implementing ERAS pathways. METHODS: Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) data (April 2015/March 2016) on LOS for TAR were analysed. A literature search was then carried out to examine whether there were any publications on outpatient TAR and/or the use of ERAS protocols...
December 21, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Robert K Merrill, Rocco M Ferrandino, Ryan Hoffman, Anthony Ndu, Gene W Shaffer
BACKGROUND: End-stage ankle arthritis is a debilitating condition that negatively impacts patient quality of life. Tibiotalar fusion and total ankle replacement are treatment options for managing ankle arthritis. Few studies have examined short term readmission rates of these two procedures. The objective of this study was compare all-cause 30-day readmission rates between patients undergoing tibiotalar fusion vs. total ankle replacement. METHODS: This study queried the Nationwide Readmission Database (NRD) from 2013-2014 and used international classification of disease, 9th revision (ICD-9) procedure codes to identify all patients who underwent a tibiotalar fusion or a total ankle replacement...
January 12, 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
S Aubret, L Merlini, M Fessy, J L Besse
INTRODUCTION: One of the reasons for revision of total ankle replacement (TAR) implants is loosening due to subchondral cysts. Reconstruction and fusion of the ankle is often the first choice for revision procedures due to the large bone defects, which are typically filled with autograft and/or allograft. Filling the defect with a trabecular metal tantalum implant is a potential alternative given the biomechanical properties of this component. HYPOTHESIS: Using tantalum as a spacer provides primary stability and contributes to fusion of the ankle joint after removal of failed TAR implants...
January 30, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Ariel Palanca, Roger A Mann, Jeffrey A Mann, Andrew Haskell
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) has become a mainstay in the treatment of end-stage ankle arthritis. Currently in its fourth generation, the Scandanavian Total Ankle Replacement (STAR) is the only 3-piece mobile bearing ankle prosthesis available in the United States. Our current study reports implant survivorship at 15 years and patient outcomes for a subset of these survivors available for study. METHODS: Eighty-four TAAs were performed between 1998 and 2000...
February 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Kijong Kim, Bongsam Choi, Wootaek Lim
PURPOSE: Virtual reality (VR) training, a virtual environment commonly generated by computer systems, may enhance the therapeutic efficacy of functional rehabilitation programmes. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of a VR assisted intervention (VRAI) versus traditional rehabilitation intervention (TRI) on functional ankle instability (FAI). METHODS: A single-blind randomized controlled study was conducted with 10 subjects for each group. The VRAI was conducted with the Nintendo Wii Fit Plus, whilst the TRI was conducted with a series of exercises with theraband...
January 31, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Gregory C Berlet, Murray J Penner, Mark A Prissel, Derek R Butterwick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Akimasa Morisaki, Tadashi Isomura, Yasuhisa Fukada, Minoru Yoshida
Recently, in Japan, the J Graft Open Stent Graft (JOSG) was commercialized for surgical repair of an aortic aneurysm and aortic dissection and the frozen elephant trunk technique was applied. Kinking of the JOSG is a rare adverse event that requires additional intervention. We experienced 2 patients who developed kinking of a JOSG after translocated total arch replacement with the frozen elephant trunk technique for acute Type A aortic dissection. Both patients had intermittent claudication with a decreased ankle-brachial pressure index after the operation...
January 10, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
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