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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542286/clinical-impact-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-on-non-cystic-fibrosis-bronchiectasis-a-study-on-1-790-patients-from-the-spanish-bronchiectasis-historical-registry
#1
David De la Rosa, Miguel-Angel Martínez-Garcia, Rosa Maria Giron, Montserrat Vendrell, Casilda Olveira, Luis Borderias, Luis Maiz, Antoni Torres, Eva Martinez-Moragon, Olga Rajas, Francisco Casas, Rosa Cordovilla, Javier de Gracia
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the coexistence of bronchiectasis (BE) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in series of patients diagnosed primarily with BE. The aim of this study was to analyse the characteristics of patients with BE associated with COPD included in the Spanish Bronchiectasis Historical Registry and compare them to the remaining patients with non-cystic fibrosis BE. METHODS: We conducted a multicentre observational study of historical cohorts, analysing the characteristics of 1,790 patients who had been included in the registry between 2002 and 2011...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537001/study-design-of-vesuto-%C3%A2-efficacy-of-tiotropium-olodaterol-on-lung-hyperinflation-exercise-capacity-and-physical-activity-in-japanese-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#2
Masakazu Ichinose, Yoshiaki Minakata, Takashi Motegi, Jun Ueki, Tetsuo Seki, Tatsuhiko Anzai, Ayako Takizawa, Lars Grönke, Kazuto Hirata
INTRODUCTION: The superiority of tiotropium/olodaterol is demonstrated in improvement of lung function, dyspnea, lung hyperinflation, and quality of life compared with either monotherapy in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Japanese Respiratory Society Guidelines for COPD management include improvement of exercise tolerance and daily physical activity as the treatment goals; however, there is limited evidence in Japanese patients with COPD. METHODS: A protocol is developed for the VESUTO(®) study that investigates the efficacy of tiotropium/olodaterol fixed-dose combination (FDC) compared with tiotropium alone on inspiratory capacity (IC, volume from functional residual capacity to total lung capacity), exercise capacity, and daily physical activity in Japanese patients with COPD...
May 23, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533689/medication-related-costs-of-rhinitis-in-australia-a-nostradata-cross-sectional-study-of-pharmacy-purchases
#3
Pete Smith, David Price, Richard Harvey, Andrew Simon Carney, Vicky Kritikos, Sinthia Z Bosnic-Anticevich, Louise Christian, Derek Skinner, Victoria Carter, Alice Marie Sybille Durieux
PURPOSE: There is a relative paucity of research regarding medication expenditure associated with multiple-therapy use for rhinitis in Australia. To describe 1) the nature and extent of multiple-therapy use for rhinitis in Australia using data on therapies purchased with prescription or over-the-counter (OTC) and 2) additional costs incurred by multiple-therapy use compared with intranasal corticosteroid (INCS) therapy alone. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective observational study was carried out using a database containing anonymous pharmacy transaction data available from 20% of pharmacies in Australia that links doctor prescriptions and OTC purchase information...
2017: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506728/-the-effects-of-inhaled-steroids-withdrawal-in-copd
#4
G Jebrak, I Honore, P Serrier, J Dumoulin, P Terrioux, F Soyez, C Maurer, G Mangiapan, M Febvre, L-J Couderc, J-M Braun, T Chinet
The key pathophysiological feature of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an abnormal inflammatory bronchial reaction after inhalation of toxic substances. The priority is the avoidance of such toxic inhalations, but the use of anti-inflammatory drugs also seems appropriate, especially corticosteroids that are the sole anti-inflammatory drug available for this purpose in France. The risks associated with the prolonged use of these parenteral drugs are well known. Inhalation is therefore the optimal route, but inhaled drugs may also lead to adverse consequences...
May 12, 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506626/major-changes-in-the-spanish-copd-guidelines-gesepoc-2017-crossing-bridges
#5
José Luis Lopez-Campos, Eduardo Marquez-Martín, Francisco Ortega-Ruiz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506089/long-term-oxygen-therapy-in-copd-patients-who-do-not-meet-the-actual-recommendations
#6
Begum Ergan, Stefano Nava
Chronic respiratory failure due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an increasing problem worldwide. Many patients with severe COPD develop hypoxemic respiratory failure during the natural progression of disease. Long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) is a well-established supportive treatment for COPD and has been shown to improve survival in patients who develop chronic hypoxemic respiratory failure. The degree of hypoxemia is severe when partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood (PaO2) is ≤55 mmHg and moderate if PaO2 is between 56 and 69 mmHg...
May 16, 2017: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502518/-management-of-acute-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-guidelines-from-the-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-de-pneumologie-de-langue-fran%C3%A3-aise-argumentary
#7
S Jouneau, N Roche
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495295/-guidelines-to-integrate-palliative-management-in-patients-with-acute-copd-exacerbation
#8
V Morel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495077/consensus-on-the-asthma-copd-overlap-syndrome-acos-between-the-spanish-copd-guidelines-gesepoc-and-the-spanish-guidelines-on-the-management-of-asthma-gema
#9
Vicente Plaza, Francisco Álvarez, Myriam Calle, Ciro Casanova, Borja G Cosío, Antolín López-Viña, Luís Pérez de Llano, Santiago Quirce, Miguel Román-Rodríguez, Juan José Soler-Cataluña, Marc Miravitlles
Following a proposal by the Spanish Society of Pulmonology and Thoracic Surgery (SEPAR), sponsor of the Spanish COPD Guidelines (GesEPOC) and the Spanish Guidelines on the Management of Asthma (GEMA), authors of both papers have unified the criteria for the diagnosis of asthma-COPD overlap syndrome (ACOS). This consensus defines ACOS as the presence in a given patient of three elements: significant smoking exposure, chronic airflow limitation and asthma. Diagnosis is confirmed when a patient (35years of age or older), smoker or ex-smoker of more than 10 pack-years, presents airflow limitation (post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC<0...
May 8, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491268/umeclidinium-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-latest-evidence-and-place-in-therapy
#10
REVIEW
Kesavan Suresh Babu, Jaymin Bhagwanji Morjaria
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of morbidity, mortality and health care expenditure throughout the world. COPD guidelines recommend the use of long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) either alone or in combination with a long-acting β2 agonist (LABA). For over 10 years, tiotropium was the only LAMA that was used in the management of COPD. Over the past few years, various new drugs have been identified that act on the muscarinic receptors and β2 receptors. Umeclidinium (Umec) is a new LAMA currently approved for use in patients with COPD either as monotherapy or in combination with vilanterol (Vil)...
April 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490870/pre-and-post-bronchodilator-airway-obstruction-are-associated-with-similar-clinical-characteristics-but-different-prognosis-report-from-a-population-based-study
#11
Sami Sawalha, Linnea Hedman, Eva Rönmark, Bo Lundbäck, Anne Lindberg
INTRODUCTION: According to guidelines, the diagnosis of COPD should be confirmed by post-bronchodilator (post-BD) airway obstruction on spirometry; however, in clinical practice, this is not always performed. The aim of this population-based study was to compare clinical characteristics and prognosis, assessed as mortality, between subjects with airway obstruction divided into pre- but not post-BD obstruction, post-BD airway obstruction (COPD), and subjects without airway obstruction...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490555/telehealthcare-for-patients-suffering-from-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-effects-on-health-related-quality-of-life-results-from-the-danish-telecare-north-cluster-randomised-trial
#12
Pernille Heyckendorff Lilholt, Flemming Witt Udsen, Lars Ehlers, Ole K Hejlesen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of telehealthcare compared with usual practice in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: A cluster-randomised trial with 26 municipal districts that were randomly assigned either to an intervention group whose members received telehealthcare in addition to usual practice or to a control group whose members received usual practice only (13 districts in each arm). SETTING: Twenty-six municipal districts in the North Denmark Region of Denmark...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485989/non-invasive-positive-airway-pressure-in-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-present-and-future-perspectives
#13
Victor R Ramírez-Molina, Francisco J Gómez-de-Terreros, Javier Barca-Durán, Juan F Masa
Obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is a sleep disorder that has acquired great importance worldwide because of its prevalence and association with obesity leading to increased morbidity and mortality with reduced quality of life. The primary feature is insufficient sleep-related ventilation, resulting in abnormally elevated arterial carbon dioxide pressure (PaCO2) during sleep and demonstration of daytime hypoventilation. There are three main mechanisms that can generate diurnal hypoventilation in obese patients: alteration of the respiratory mechanics secondary to obesity; central hypoventilation secondary to leptin resistance and sleep disorder with sleep hypoventilation and obstructive apnoeas, which can be potentially solved with the use of positive airway pressure: non-invasive ventilation (NIV) and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)...
May 9, 2017: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482883/rescue-medication-use-as-a-patient-reported-outcome-in-copd-a-systematic-review-and-regression-analysis
#14
Yogesh Suresh Punekar, Sheetal Sharma, Ankit Pahwa, Jitender Takyar, Ian Naya, Paul W Jones
BACKGROUND: Reducing rescue medication use is a guideline-defined goal of asthma treatment, however, little is known about the validity of rescue medicine use as a marker of symptoms in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). To improve patient outcomes, greater insight is needed into the relationship between rescue medication use and alternative COPD outcomes. METHODS: A systematic search of electronic databases (Embase®, MEDLINE® and Cochrane CENTRAL) was conducted from database start to 26 May, 2015...
May 8, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462236/palliative-and-end-of-life-care-conversations-in-copd-a-systematic-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Nuno Tavares, Nikki Jarrett, Katherine Hunt, Tom Wilkinson
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic life-limiting disorder characterised by persistent airflow obstruction and progressive breathlessness. Discussions/conversations between patients and clinicians ensure palliative care plans are grounded in patients' preferences. This systematic review aimed to explore what is known about palliative care conversations between clinicians and COPD patients. A comprehensive search of all major healthcare-related databases and websites was performed following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
April 2017: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461091/treatment-with-systemic-steroids-in-severe-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-exacerbations-use-of-short-regimens-in-routineclinical-practice-and-theirimpact-on-hospital-stay
#16
Pedro J Marcos, Irene Nieto-Codesido, Santiago de Jorge Dominguez-Pazos, Arturo Huerta, Eduardo Márquez, Alejandro Maiso, Rodrigo Verdeal, Isabel Otero-González, Marina Blanco-Aparicio, Carmen Montero-Martínez
INTRODUCTION: It is not known whether clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of COPD exacerbations with short coursesofsystemic corticosteroids(SC-SCS) are followed in clinical practice. METHOD: Prospective, observational cohort study in patients admitted due to severe COPD exacerbation. The primary endpoint was the percentage of patients who received SC-SCS as treatment for severe exacerbation (doses of 200-300mg for 5-6 days). Secondary variables were percentageof patients with duration or reduced dose, dose in the first 24hours, days of intravenous systemic corticosteroids (SCS), and duration of hospital length of stay (LOS)...
April 28, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460847/radiographic-evidence-of-sinonasal-inflammation-in-asthma-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-overlap-syndrome-an-underrecognized-association
#17
Satoshi Hamada, Shuji Tatsumi, Yoshiki Kobayashi, Hisako Matsumoto, Hirotaka Yasuba
BACKGROUND: Sinonasal inflammation on both clinical examinations and imaging significantly impacts both asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the association between sinonasal inflammation and asthma-COPD overlap syndrome (ACOS). METHODS: A total of 112 patients with a ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 s to forced vital capacity of less than 70% were enrolled. COPD, asthma, and ACOS were clinically diagnosed according to the 2014 Global Initiative for Asthma and Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease guidelines...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454510/home-oxygen-therapy-evidence-versus-reality
#18
F S Magnet, J H Storre, W Windisch
LTOT is a well-established treatment option for hypoxemic patients. Scientific evidence for its benefits of LTOT dates back to the 1980s, when two randomized controlled trials showed prolonged survival in COPD-patients undergoing LTOT for at least 15 hours/day. In contrast, the potential benefits of LTOT in non-COPD-patients has not been well researched and the recommendations for its application are primarily extrapolated from trials on COPD-patients. Recently, a large trial confirmed that COPD-patients who don't meet classic indication criteria, and have moderate desaturation at rest or during exercise, do not benefit from oxygen therapy...
May 10, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450344/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-comorbidities-a-large-cross-sectional-study-in-primary-care
#19
Ula Chetty, Gary McLean, Deborah Morrison, Karolina Agur, Bruce Guthrie, Stewart W Mercer
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is common, and a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Recent studies suggest that comorbidities of COPD increase the risk of hospitalisation, polypharmacy, and mortality, but their estimated prevalence varies widely in the literature. AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of 38 physical and mental health comorbidities in people with COPD, and compare findings with those for people without COPD in a large nationally representative dataset...
May 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449709/case-method-in-copd-education-for-primary-care-physicians-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Hanna Sandelowsky, Ingvar Krakau, Sonja Modin, Björn Ställberg, Anna Nager
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. It is often undiagnosed and insufficiently managed. Effective forms of continuing medical education (CME) for primary care physicians (PCPs) are necessary to ensure the implementation of guidelines in clinical practice and, thus, improve patients' health. METHODS: In this study, we will measure the effects of CME by Case Method and compare them against those of traditional lectures and no CME at all through an unblinded, cluster randomised controlled trial (CRCT)...
April 27, 2017: Trials
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