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Saccharomyces cerevisiae

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221478/evaluation-of-antioxidant-anti-inflammatory-analgesic-and-antipyretic-activities-of-the-stem-bark-of-sapindus-mukorossi
#1
Madeha Shah, Zahida Parveen, Muhammad Rashid Khan
BACKGROUND: Saponins are the main constituents of genus Sapindus and have the therapeutic potential for inflammatory disorders. In this study the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic potential of the stem bark of soap nut (Sapindus mukorossi) methanol extract and its derived fractions has been investigated. METHODS: Powder of stem bark of the S. mukorossi was extracted with methanol (SMM) and fractionated in order of n-hexane (SMH), chloroform (SMC), ethyl acetate (SME), n-butanol (SMB) and the remaining as aqueous fraction (SMA)...
December 8, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220658/multi-omic-mitoprotease-profiling-defines-a-role-for-oct1p-in-coenzyme-q-production
#2
Mike T Veling, Andrew G Reidenbach, Elyse C Freiberger, Nicholas W Kwiecien, Paul D Hutchins, Michael J Drahnak, Adam Jochem, Arne Ulbrich, Matthew J P Rush, Jason D Russell, Joshua J Coon, David J Pagliarini
Mitoproteases are becoming recognized as key regulators of diverse mitochondrial functions, although their direct substrates are often difficult to discern. Through multi-omic profiling of diverse Saccharomyces cerevisiae mitoprotease deletion strains, we predicted numerous associations between mitoproteases and distinct mitochondrial processes. These include a strong association between the mitochondrial matrix octapeptidase Oct1p and coenzyme Q (CoQ) biosynthesis-a pathway essential for mitochondrial respiration...
December 7, 2017: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219067/prediction-of-essential-proteins-based-on-subcellular-localization-and-gene-expression-correlation
#3
Yetian Fan, Xiwei Tang, Xiaohua Hu, Wei Wu, Qing Ping
BACKGROUND: Essential proteins are indispensable to the survival and development process of living organisms. To understand the functional mechanisms of essential proteins, which can be applied to the analysis of disease and design of drugs, it is important to identify essential proteins from a set of proteins first. As traditional experimental methods designed to test out essential proteins are usually expensive and laborious, computational methods, which utilize biological and topological features of proteins, have attracted more attention in recent years...
December 1, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218522/a-growth-based-screening-system-for-hexose-transporters-in-yeast
#4
Eckhard Boles, Mislav Oreb
As the simplest eukaryotic model system, the unicellular yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is ideally suited for quick and simple functional studies as well as for high-throughput screening. We generated a strain deficient for all endogenous hexose transporters, which has been successfully used to clone, characterize, and engineer carbohydrate transporters from different source organisms. Here we present basic protocols for handling this strain and characterizing sugar transporters heterologously expressed in it...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217144/histatin-5-induces-the-reversal-of-pdr5p-mediated-fluconazole-resistance-in-saccharomyces%C3%A2-cerevisae
#5
J A da Rocha Curvelo, L F Reis de Sá, D C Clemente de Moraes, R M Soares, A Ferreira-Pereira
BACKGROUND: Candidiasis is a major opportunistic fungal infection in humans. The low number of antifungal drugs available to treat Candida infections and the increasing incidence of multidrug resistant (MDR) strains point to an urgent need of identifying new therapeutic options. The role of salivary components can provide insights for the development of new methodologies of control. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of histatin-5, a constitutive immunological peptide present in saliva, in reversing fungal MDR phenotype, using a resistant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain as model of study...
December 4, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215176/protective-role-of-the-hog-pathway-against-the-growth-defect-caused-by-impaired-biosynthesis-of-complex-sphingolipids-in-yeast-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#6
Yutaro Yamaguchi, Yuka Katsuki, Seiya Tanaka, Ryotaro Kawaguchi, Hiroto Denda, Takuma Ikeda, Kouichi Funato, Motohiro Tani
Complex sphingolipids play critical roles in various cellular events in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. To identify genes that are related to the growth defect caused by disruption of complex sphingolipid biosynthesis, we screened for suppressor mutations and multicopy suppressor genes that confer resistance against repression of AUR1 encoding inositol phosphorylceramide synthase. From the results of this screening, we found that the activation of high-osmolarity glycerol (HOG) pathway is involved in suppression of growth defect caused by impaired biosynthesis of complex sphingolipids...
December 7, 2017: Molecular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214529/a-rapid-and-reagent-free-bioassay-for-the-detection-of-dioxin-like-compounds-and-other-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-ahr-agonists-using-autobioluminescent-yeast
#7
Tingting Xu, Anna Young, Enolia Marr, Gary Sayler, Steven Ripp, Dan Close
An autonomously bioluminescent Saccharomyces cerevisiae BLYAhS bioreporter was developed in this study for the simple and rapid detection of dioxin-like compounds (DLCs) and aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonists. This recombinant yeast reporter was based on a synthetic bacterial luciferase reporter gene cassette (lux) that can produce the luciferase as well as the enzymes capable of self-synthesizing the requisite substrates for bioluminescent production from endogenous cellular metabolites. As a result, bioluminescent signal production is generated continuously and autonomously without cell lysis or exogenous reagent addition...
December 6, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213342/unique-molecular-mechanisms-for-maintenance-and-alteration-of-genetic-information-in-the-budding-yeast-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#8
REVIEW
Sayoko Ito-Harashima, Takashi Yagi
The high-fidelity transmission of genetic information is crucial for the survival of organisms, the cells of which have the ability to protect DNA against endogenous and environmental agents, including reactive oxygen species (ROS), ionizing radiation, and various chemical compounds. The basis of protection mechanisms has been evolutionarily conserved from yeast to humans; however, each organism often has a specialized mode of regulation that uses different sets of machineries, particularly in lower eukaryotes...
2017: Genes and Environment: the Official Journal of the Japanese Environmental Mutagen Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213328/the-transcription-factors-hsf1-and-msn2-of-thermotolerant-kluyveromyces-marxianus-promote-cell-growth-and-ethanol-fermentation-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-at-high-temperatures
#9
Pengsong Li, Xiaofen Fu, Lei Zhang, Zhiyu Zhang, Jihong Li, Shizhong Li
Background: High temperature inhibits cell growth and ethanol fermentation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. As a complex phenotype, thermotolerance usually involves synergistic actions of many genes, thereby being difficult to engineer. The overexpression of either endogenous or exogenous stress-related transcription factor genes in yeasts was found to be able to improve relevant stress tolerance of the hosts. Results: To increase ethanol yield of high-temperature fermentation, we constructed a series of strains of S...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213326/correction-to-identification-and-characterization-of-a-galacturonic-acid-transporter-from-neurospora-crassa-and-its-application-for-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-fermentation-processes
#10
J Philipp Benz, Ryan J Protzko, Jonas M S Andrich, Stefan Bauer, John E Dueber, Chris R Somerville
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/1754-6834-7-20.].
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213306/the-tceg1-beetle-tribolium-castaneum-cellulase-produced-in-transgenic-switchgrass-is-active-at-alkaline-ph-and-auto-hydrolyzes-biomass-for-increased-cellobiose-release
#11
Jonathan D Willis, Joshua N Grant, Mitra Mazarei, Lindsey M Kline, Caroline S Rempe, A Grace Collins, Geoffrey B Turner, Stephen R Decker, Robert W Sykes, Mark F Davis, Nicole Labbe, Juan L Jurat-Fuentes, C Neal Stewart
Background: Genetically engineered biofuel crops, such as switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), that produce their own cell wall-digesting cellulase enzymes would reduce costs of cellulosic biofuel production. To date, non-bioenergy plant models have been used in nearly all studies assessing the synthesis and activity of plant-produced fungal and bacterial cellulases. One potential source for cellulolytic enzyme genes is herbivorous insects adapted to digest plant cell walls. Here we examine the potential of transgenic switchgrass-produced TcEG1 cellulase from Tribolium castaneum (red flour beetle)...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213287/gastrointestinal-symptoms-and-elevated-levels-of-anti-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-antibodies-are-associated-with-higher-disease-activity-in-colombian-patients-with-spondyloarthritis
#12
C Romero-Sánchez, W Bautista-Molano, V Parra, J De Avila, J C Rueda, J M Bello-Gualtero, J Londoño, R Valle-Oñate
Background: Spondyloarthritis (SpA) is a group of articular inflammatory rheumatic diseases that their gastrointestinal manifestations are around 10% of their extra-articular symptoms, supporting that the inflammatory response of the intestinal mucosa could be associated with the clinical status. Objectives: To investigate the association between gastrointestinal symptoms and autoantibodies and disease activity between SpA patients, healthy subjects (HS), and patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)...
2017: International Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212874/the-na-k-h-exchanger-nhx1-controls-multivesicular-body-vacuolar-lysosome-fusion
#13
Mahmoud Abdul Karim, Christopher Leonard Brett
Loss-of-function mutations in human endosomal Na+(K+)/H+ Exchangers (NHEs) NHE6 and NHE9 are implicated in neurological disorders including Christianson Syndrome, autism and attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). These mutations disrupt retention of surface receptors within neurons and glial cells by affecting their delivery to lysosomes for degradation. However, the molecular basis of how these endosomal NHEs control endocytic trafficking is unclear. Using Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a model, we conducted cell-free organelle fusion assays to show that transport activity of the orthologous endosomal NHE Nhx1 is important for multivesicular body (MVB)-vacuolar lysosome fusion, the last step of endocytosis required for surface protein degradation...
December 6, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212533/subtracting-the-sequence-bias-from-partially-digested-mnase-seq-data-reveals-a-general-contribution-of-tfiis-to-nucleosome-positioning
#14
Gabriel Gutiérrez, Gonzalo Millán-Zambrano, Daniel A Medina, Antonio Jordán-Pla, José E Pérez-Ortín, Xenia Peñate, Sebastián Chávez
BACKGROUND: TFIIS stimulates RNA cleavage by RNA polymerase II and promotes the resolution of backtracking events. TFIIS acts in the chromatin context, but its contribution to the chromatin landscape has not yet been investigated. Co-transcriptional chromatin alterations include subtle changes in nucleosome positioning, like those expected to be elicited by TFIIS, which are elusive to detect. The most popular method to map nucleosomes involves intensive chromatin digestion by micrococcal nuclease (MNase)...
December 7, 2017: Epigenetics & Chromatin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212000/is-aggregate-dependent-yeast-aging-fortuitous-a-model-of-damage-segregation-and-aggregate-dynamics
#15
Martín Andrade-Restrepo
During cytokinesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, damaged proteins are distributed unequally between the daughter and mother cells. The retention of these proteins is correlated with yeast aging. Even though evidence suggests that aggregates are retained due to an underlying molecular mechanism, the debate on whether an active mechanism is necessary for this asymmetry remains unsolved. In particular, passive diffusion and a bud-specific dilution remain as possible explanations. Here, a computational and mathematical model is provided to test whether passive mechanisms alone are sufficient to account for the aggregate distribution patterns and the aggregate kinetics observed in living cells...
December 5, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211838/the-sensitivity-of-yeasts-and-yeasts-like-fungi-to-copper-and-sulfur-could-explain-lower-yeast-biodiversity-in-organic-vineyards
#16
C Grangeteau, V David, H Alexandre, M Guilloux-Benatier, S Rousseaux
Although differences in yeast biodiversity have often been found between vineyards subjected to organic protection or conventional protection, little is known about the effect of copper and sulfur fungicides (the only fungicides allowed in organic farming) on yeast populations. The sensitivity to copper and sulfur of 158 yeast isolates of seven different species (Aureobasidium pullulans, Hanseniaspora guilliermondii, Hanseniaspora uvarum, Metschnikowia sp., Pichia membranifaciens, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Starmerella bacillaris) was evaluated...
November 29, 2017: FEMS Yeast Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208657/assembly-of-intermediates-for-rapid-membrane-fusion
#17
Max Harner, William Wickner
Membrane fusion is essential for intracellular protein sorting, cell growth, hormone secretion, and neurotransmission. Rapid membrane fusion requires tethering and Sec1-Munc18 (SM) function to catalyze R-, Qa-, Qb-, and Qc-SNARE complex assembly in trans, as well as SNARE engagement by the SNARE-binding chaperone Sec17/αSNAP. The hexameric vacuolar HOPS complex in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae tethers membranes through its affinities for the membrane Rab GTPase Ypt7. HOPS also has specific affinities for the vacuolar SNAREs and catalyzes SNARE complex assembly, but the order of their assembly into a 4-SNARE complex is unclear...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208650/transcriptional-profiling-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-reveals-the-impact-of-variation-of-a-single-transcription-factor-on-differential-gene-expression-in-4nqo-fermentable-and-non-fermentable-carbon-sources
#18
Xiaqing Rong-Mullins, Michael C Ayers, Mahmoud Summers, Jennifer E G Gallagher
Cellular metabolism can change the potency of a chemical's tumorigenicity. 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4NQO) is a tumorigenic drug widely used on animal models for cancer research. Polymorphisms of the transcription factor, Yrr1, confer different levels of resistance to 4NQO in Saccharomyces cerevisiae To study how different Yrr1 alleles regulate gene expression leading to resistance, transcriptomes of three isogenic Scerevisiae strains carrying different Yrr1 alleles were profiled via RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) and chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled with sequencing (ChIP-Seq) in presence and absence of 4NQO...
December 5, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207996/crispr-cas9-mediated-gene-deletions-in-lager-yeast-saccharomyces-pastorianus
#19
Arthur R Gorter de Vries, Philip A de Groot, Marcel van den Broek, Jean-Marc G Daran
BACKGROUND: The ease of use of CRISPR-Cas9 reprogramming, its high efficacy, and its multiplexing capabilities have brought this technology at the forefront of genome editing techniques. Saccharomyces pastorianus is an aneuploid interspecific hybrid of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Saccharomyces eubayanus that has been domesticated for centuries and is used for the industrial fermentation of lager beer. For yet uncharacterised reasons, this hybrid yeast is far more resilient to genetic alteration than its ancestor S...
December 5, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207500/enrichment-of-circular-code-motifs-in-the-genes-of-the-yeast-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#20
Christian J Michel, Viviane Nguefack Ngoune, Olivier Poch, Raymond Ripp, Julie D Thompson
A set X of 20 trinucleotides has been found to have the highest average occurrence in the reading frame, compared to the two shifted frames, of genes of bacteria, archaea, eukaryotes, plasmids and viruses. This set X has an interesting mathematical property, since X is a maximal C3 self-complementary trinucleotide circular code. Furthermore, any motif obtained from this circular code X has the capacity to retrieve, maintain and synchronize the original (reading) frame. Since 1996, the theory of circular codes in genes has mainly been developed by analysing the properties of the 20 trinucleotides of X, using combinatorics and statistical approaches...
December 3, 2017: Life
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