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Saccharomyces cerevisiae

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109187/antimicrobial-and-antioxidant-activities-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-ifst062013-a-potential-probiotic
#1
Md Fakruddin, Md Nur Hossain, Monzur Morshed Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Probiotic yeast has become a field of interest to scientists in recent years. METHODS: Conventional cultural method was employed to isolate and identify yeast and standard methods were used to determine different probiotic attributes, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties. RESULTS: This study reports potential probiotic properties of a strain of S. cerevisiae IFST 062013 isolated from fruit. The isolate is tolerant to a wide range of temperature and pH, high concentration of bile salt and NaCl, gastric juice, intestinal environment, α-amylase, trypsin and lysozyme...
January 21, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109174/%C3%AE-%C3%AE-nac-cooperates-with-sam37-to-mediate-early-stages-of-mitochondrial-protein-import
#2
J Carlos Ponce-Rojas, M Clara Avendaño-Monsalve, A Roberto Yañez-Falcón, Fabiola Jaimes-Miranda, Erika Garay, Francisco Torres-Quiroz, Alexander DeLuna, Soledad Funes
The mitochondrial proteome is mostly composed of nuclear-encoded proteins. Such polypeptides are synthesized with signals that guide their intracellular transport to the surface of the organelle and later within the different mitochondrial sub-compartments until they reach their functional destination. It has been suggested that NAC - a cytosolic chaperone which recognizes nascent chains on translationally active ribosomes - has a role in the import of nuclear-encoded mitochondrial proteins. However, the molecular mechanisms that regulate the NAC-mediated co-translational import are still not clear...
January 21, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108762/enhancement-of-succinate-yield-by-manipulating-nadh-nad-ratio-and-atp-generation
#3
Jiaojiao Li, Yikui Li, Zhiyong Cui, Quanfeng Liang, Qingsheng Qi
We previously engineered Escherichia coli YL104 to efficiently produce succinate from glucose. In this study, we investigated the relationships between the NADH/NAD(+) ratio, ATP level, and overall yield of succinate production by using glucose as the carbon source in YL104. First, the use of sole NADH dehydrogenases increased the overall yield of succinate by 7% and substantially decreased the NADH/NAD(+) ratio. Second, the soluble fumarate reductase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae was overexpressed to manipulate the anaerobic NADH/NAD(+) ratio and ATP level...
January 20, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108589/chromatin-regulation-by-the-nua4-acetyltransferase-complex-is-mediated-by-essential-interactions-between-enhancer-of-polycomb-epl1-and-esa1
#4
Naomi E Searle, Ana Lilia Torres-Machorro, Lorraine Pillus
Enzymes that modify and remodel chromatin act in broadly conserved macromolecular complexes. One key modification is the dynamic acetylation of histones and other chromatin proteins by opposing activities of acetyltransferase and deacetylase complexes. Among acetyltransferases, the NuA4 complex containing Tip60 or its Saccharomyces cerevisiae ortholog, Esa1, is of particular significance because of its roles in crucial genomic processes including DNA damage repair and transcription. The catalytic subunit Esa1 is essential, as are five non-catalytic NuA4 subunits...
January 20, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108585/histone-h3k4-and-h3k36-methylation-independently-recruit-the-nua3-histone-acetyltransferase-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#5
Benjamin J E Martin, Kristina L McBurney, Vicki E Maltby, Kristoffer N Jensen, Julie Brind'Amour, LeAnn Howe
Histone post-translational modifications (PTMs) alter chromatin structure by promoting the interaction of chromatin-modifying complexes with nucleosomes. The majority of chromatin-modifying complexes contain multiple domains that preferentially interact with modified histones, leading to speculation that these domains function in concert to target nucleosomes with distinct combinations of histone PTMs. In S. cerevisiae, the NuA3 histone acetyltransferase complex contains three domains, the PHD finger in Yng1, the PWWP domain in Pdp3, and the YEATS domain in Taf14, which in vitro bind to H3K4 methylation, H3K36 methylation, and acetylated and crotonylated H3K9 respectively...
January 20, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107392/upon-accounting-for-the-impact-of-isoenzyme-loss-gene-deletion-costs-anticorrelate-with-their-evolutionary-rates
#6
Christopher Jacobs, Luke Lambourne, Yu Xia, Daniel Segrè
System-level metabolic network models enable the computation of growth and metabolic phenotypes from an organism's genome. In particular, flux balance approaches have been used to estimate the contribution of individual metabolic genes to organismal fitness, offering the opportunity to test whether such contributions carry information about the evolutionary pressure on the corresponding genes. Previous failure to identify the expected negative correlation between such computed gene-loss cost and sequence-derived evolutionary rates in Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been ascribed to a real biological gap between a gene's fitness contribution to an organism "here and now" and the same gene's historical importance as evidenced by its accumulated mutations over millions of years of evolution...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107343/mutations-in-the-non-catalytic-subunit-dpb2-of-dna-polymerase-epsilon-affect-the-nrm1-branch-of-the-dna-replication-checkpoint
#7
Michał Dmowski, Justyna Rudzka, Judith L Campbell, Piotr Jonczyk, Iwona J Fijałkowska
To preserve genome integrity, the S-phase checkpoint senses damaged DNA or nucleotide depletion and when necessary, arrests replication progression and delays cell division. Previous studies, based on two pol2 mutants have suggested the involvement of DNA polymerase epsilon (Pol ε) in sensing DNA replication accuracy in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Here we have studied the involvement of Pol ε in sensing proper progression of DNA replication, using a mutant in DPB2, the gene coding for a non-catalytic subunit of Pol ε...
January 20, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107178/influence-of-structure-of-lactones-with-the-methylcyclohexene-and-dimethylcyclohexene-ring-on-their-biotransformation-and-antimicrobial-activity
#8
Katarzyna Wińska, Małgorzata Grabarczyk, Wanda Mączka, Barbara Żarowska, Gabriela Maciejewska, Mirosław Anioł
The aim of this article is influence of the structure of lactones with the methylcyclohexene and dimethylcyclohexene ring on their biotransformation and antimicrobial activity. This work was based on the general remark that even the smallest change in the structure of a compound can affect its biological properties. The results of the biotransformation of four bicyclic unsaturated lactones with one or two methyl groups in the cyclohexene ring was tested using fifteen fungal strains (Fusarium species, Penicillium species, Absidia species, Cunninghamella japonica, and Pleurotus ostreatus) and five yeast strains (Yarrowia lipolytica, Rhodorula marina, Rhodorula rubra, Candida viswanathii, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae)...
January 20, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103406/evaluation-of-the-ability-of-polyphenol-extracts-of-cocoa-and-red-grape-to-promote-the-antioxidant-response-in-yeast-using-a-rapid-multiwell-assay
#9
Ana Peláez-Soto, María Teresa Fernández-Espinar, Patricia Roig, José Vicente Gil
Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been used as a model organism to study the capacity of cocoa and red grape extracts to trigger an antioxidant response. A methodology adapted to microtiter plates has been developed to monitor yeast growth after culture preincubation with food ingredients and exposure to oxidative stress by hydrogen peroxide and menadione. This methodology proved effective in measuring the ability of cocoa and red grape extracts to promote an antioxidant response in yeast, and also the prospect of conducting dose-response studies...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102432/synthesis-of-human-parainfluenza-virus-4-nucleocapsid-like-particles-in-yeast-and-their-use-for-detection-of-virus-specific-antibodies-in-human-serum
#10
Aistė Bulavaitė, Rita Lasickienė, Paulius Lukas Tamošiūnas, Martynas Simanavičius, Kęstutis Sasnauskas, Aurelija Žvirblienė
The aim of this study was to produce human parainfluenza virus type 4 (HPIV4) nucleocapsid (N) protein in yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae expression system, to explore its structural and antigenic properties and to evaluate its applicability in serology. The use of an optimized gene encoding HPIV4 N protein amino acid (aa) sequence GenBank AGU90031.1 allowed high yield of recombinant N protein forming nucleocapsid-like particles (NLPs) in yeast. A substitution L332D disrupted self-assembly of NLPs, confirming the role of this position in the N proteins of Paramyxovirinae...
January 19, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101808/construction-of-engineered-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-strain-to-improve-that-whole-cell-biocatalytic-production-of-melibiose-from-raffinose
#11
Yingbiao Zhou, Yueming Zhu, Yan Men, Caixia Dong, Yuanxia Sun, Juankun Zhang
There are excessive by-products in the biocatalysis process of this whole-cell biocatalytic production of melibiose from raffinose with current Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains. To solve this problem, we constructed engineered strains based on a liquor yeast (S. cerevisiae) via gene deletion (mel1 gene), heterologous integration (fsy1 or/and ffzi1 gene from Candida magnoliae), and gene overexpression (gcr1 gene). Functional verification showed that deletion of the mel1 gene led to elimination of the reactions catalyzed by α-galactosidase, as well as elimination of the degradation of melibiose and the formation of galactose by-product...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101807/direct-bioethanol-production-from-wheat-straw-using-xylose-glucose-co-fermentation-by-co-culture-of-two-recombinant-yeasts
#12
Yuanyuan Zhang, Caiyun Wang, Lulu Wang, Ruoxin Yang, Peilei Hou, Junhong Liu
To achieve a cost-effective bioconversion of lignocellulosic materials, a novel xylose/glucose co-fermentation process by co-culture of cellulose-utilizing recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae (S. cerevisiae) and xylan-utilizing recombinant Pichia pastoris (P. pastoris) was developed, in which ethanol was produced directly from wheat straw without additional hydrolytic enzymes. Recombinant S. cerevisiae coexpressing three types of cellulase and recombinant P. pastoris coexpressing two types of xylanase were constructed, respectively...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101612/abolishment-of-n-glycan-mannosylphosphorylation-in-glyco-engineered-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-by-double-disruption-of-mnn4-and-mnn14-genes
#13
Yeong Hun Kim, Ji-Yeon Kang, Jin Young Gil, Sang-Yoon Kim, Keun Koo Shin, Hyun Ah Kang, Jeong-Yoon Kim, Ohsuk Kwon, Doo-Byoung Oh
Mannosylphosphorylated glycans are found only in fungi, including yeast, and the elimination of mannosylphosphates from glycans is a prerequisite for yeast glyco-engineering to produce human-compatible glycoproteins. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, MNN4 and MNN6 genes are known to play roles in mannosylphosphorylation, but disruption of these genes does not completely remove the mannosylphosphates in N-glycans. This study was performed to find unknown key gene(s) involved in N-glycan mannosylphosphorylation in S...
January 18, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100777/structure-activity-relationship-of-%C3%AE-mating-pheromone-from-the-fungal-pathogen-fusarium-oxysporum
#14
Stefania Vitale, Angélica Partida-Hanon, Soraya Serrano, Álvaro Martínez-Del-Pozo, Antonio Di Pietro, David Turrà, Marta Bruix
During sexual development, ascomycete fungi produce two types of peptide pheromones termed a and α. The α pheromone from the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a thirteen residue peptide which elicits cell cycle arrest and chemotropic growth, has served as paradigm for the interaction of small peptides with their cognate G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). However, no structural information is currently available for α pheromones from filamentous ascomycetes, which are significantly shorter and share almost no sequence similarity with the S...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100236/human-%C3%AE-defensin-2-production-from-s-cerevisiae-using-the-repressible-met17-promoter
#15
Thea S B Møller, Joanna Hay, Malcolm J Saxton, Karen Bunting, Evamaria I Petersen, Søren Kjærulff, Christopher J A Finnis
BACKGROUND: Baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a proven host for the commercial production of recombinant biopharmaceutical proteins. For the manufacture of heterologous proteins with activities deleterious to the host it can be desirable to minimise production during the growth phase and induce production late in the exponential phase. Protein expression by regulated promoter systems offers the possibility of improving productivity in this way by separating the recombinant protein production phase from the yeast growth phase...
January 18, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098856/anti%C3%A2-wrinkle-effect-of-fermented-black-ginseng-on-human-fibroblasts
#16
Quynh Lien Pham, Hyun-Jun Jang, Kyu-Bong Kim
Fermented black ginseng (FBG) is processed by the repeated steaming and drying of fresh ginseng followed by fermentation with Saccharomyces cerevisiae. It is known to possess anti‑oxidative effects. Skin wrinkle formation is associated with oxidative stress and inflammatory reactions. The aim of this study was to determine whether FBG possesses anti‑wrinkle activity using human fibroblasts (HS68). According to the Korea Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (MFDS) guidelines for the evaluation of the efficacy of functional anti‑wrinkle cosmetics, we attempted to elucidate the effects of FBG on type I procollagen, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)‑1, MMP‑2, MMP‑9 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase‑2 (TIMP‑2)...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098345/effect-of-sequential-fermentations-and-grape-cultivars-on-volatile-compounds-and-sensory-profiles-of-danish-wines
#17
Jing Liu, Nils Arneborg, Torben B Toldam-Andersen, Mikael A Petersen, Wender L P Bredie
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in the use of selected non-Saccharomyces yeasts in co-culture with Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In this work, three non-Saccharomyces yeast strains (Metschnikowia viticola, Metschnikowia fructicola and Hanseniaspora uvarum) indigenously isolated in Denmark, were used in sequential fermentations with S. cerevisiae on three cool-climate grape cultivars Bolero, Rondo and Regent. During the fermentations, the yeast growth was determined as well as key oenological parameters, volatile compounds and sensory properties of finished rosé wines...
January 18, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097168/purification-and-biochemical-properties-of-a-thermostable-haloalkaline-cellulase-from-bacillus-licheniformis-amf-07-and-its-application-for-hydrolysis-of-different-cellulosic-substrates-to-bioethanol-production
#18
Fatemeh Azadian, Arastoo Badoei-Dalfard, Abdolhamid Namaki-Shoushtari, Mehdi Hassanshahian
A thermophilic strain AMF-07, hydrolyzing carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) was isolated from Kerman hot spring and was identified as Bacillus licheniformis based on 16S rRNA sequence homology. The carboxymethylcellulase (CMCase) enzyme produced by the B. licheniformis was purified by (NH4)2SO4 precipitation, ion exchange and gel filtration chromatography. The purified enzyme gave a single band on SDS- PAGE with a molecular weight of 37 kDa. The CMCase enzyme was highly active and stable over broad ranges of temperature (40-80ºC), pH (6...
September 2016: Molecular Biology Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096549/decatamariic-acid-a-new-mitochondrial-respiration-inhibitor-discovered-by-pesticidal-screening-using-drug-sensitive-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#19
Yoshihiro Watanabe, Takuya Suga, Satomi Narusawa, Masato Iwatsuki, Kenichi Nonaka, Takuji Nakashima, Yasuo Shinohara, Takahiro Shiotsuki, Naoya Ichimaru, Hideto Miyoshi, Yukihiro Asami, Satoshi Ōmura, Kazuro Shiomi
A new decalin, decatamariic acid, was isolated from a cultured broth of the fungus Aspergillus tamarii FKI-6817. Its absolute configuration was elucidated by NMR and electronic circular dichroism. Decatamariic acid (10 μM) elicited ~50% inhibition of the ATP production in mitochondria isolated from wild-type Saccharomyces cerevisiae without affecting the activities of respiratory enzymes. The action manner of this compound may be interesting as a possible seed for new pesticides.The Journal of Antibiotics advance online publication, 18 January 2017; doi:10...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096404/torc1-dependent-sumoylation-of-rpc82-promotes-rna-polymerase-iii-assembly-and-activity
#20
Pierre Chymkowitch, Aurélie Nguéa P, Håvard Aanes, Joseph Robertson, Arne Klungland, Jorrit M Enserink
Maintaining cellular homeostasis under changing nutrient conditions is essential for the growth and development of all organisms. The mechanisms that maintain homeostasis upon loss of nutrient supply are not well understood. By mapping the SUMO proteome in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we discovered a specific set of differentially sumoylated proteins mainly involved in transcription. RNA polymerase III (RNAPIII) components, including Rpc53, Rpc82, and Ret1, are particularly prominent nutrient-dependent SUMO targets...
January 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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