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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439158/trigemino-cardiac-reflex-a-phenomenon-neglected-in-maxillofacial-surgery
#1
Udupikrishna M Joshi, Ashwini Munnangi, Kundan Shah, Satishkumar G Patil, Nitin Thakur
BACKGROUND: Trigemino-cardiac reflex is a physiologic response of the body to pressure effects in the region of distribution of the trigeminal nerve. Oral and maxillofacial surgical procedures can induce the development of this reflex, which leads to significant changes in the heart rate and sinus rhythms. This study intends to evaluate the effects of this reflex in patients with facial fractures and its subsequent management. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of thirty-seven patients with facial fractures who reported to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Basaveswar Teaching and General Hospital, Gulbarga during a period from July 2015-March 2016 were considered for the study...
June 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429855/coincidence-of-mandibular-fractures-with-isolated-posterior-maxillary-sinus-fractures
#2
Sebastian Blatt, Roman Rahimi-Nedjat, Keyvan Sagheb, Lisa Piechowiak, Christian Walter, Dan Brüllmann
BACKGROUND/AIM: There is no data available to show whether there is a relationship between mandibular fractures and isolated fractures of the posterior and/or latera wals of the maxillary sinus. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a coincidence between these fracture patterns. METHODS: Four hundred large volume cone beam computed tomography scans (CBCT) of patients with a fracture of the mandible between 2008 and 2013 were analyzed retrospectively...
April 21, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338588/-vertical-midface-lifting-with-periorbital-anchoring-in-the-management-of-lower-eyelid-retraction-a-ten-year-clinical-retrospective-study
#3
Michele Pascali, Chiara Botti, Valerio Cervelli, Giovanni Botti
BACKGROUND: Lower eyelid retraction can be the unfortunate result of aesthetic surgery, trauma, disease or simply aging processes. The purpose of this article is to assess whether midface lifting based on purely vertical repositioning constitutes an effective procedure for its correction. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out on 199 patients (311 eyelids) operated on between January 2004 and January 2014. The various causes of eyelid retraction in this population comprised cosmetic blepharoplasty (56...
March 3, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148670/injuries-to-the-upper-extremities-in-polytrauma-limited-effect-on-outcome-more-than-ten-years-after-injury-a-cohort-study-in-629-patients
#4
C Macke, M Winkelmann, P Mommsen, C Probst, B Zelle, C Krettek, C Zeckey
AIMS: To analyse the influence of upper extremity trauma on the long-term outcome of polytraumatised patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 629 multiply injured patients were included in a follow-up study at least ten years after injury (mean age 26.5 years, standard deviation 12.4). The extent of the patients' injury was classified using the Injury Severity Score. Outcome was measured using the Hannover Score for Polytrauma Outcome (HASPOC), Short Form (SF)-12, rehabilitation duration, and employment status...
February 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061357/characteristics-of-alcohol-related-facial-fractures
#5
Kai H Lee, Michael Qiu
PURPOSE: Excessive indulgence in alcohol is a key causative factor in facial fractures especially in settings of interpersonal violence (IPV) and motor vehicle accidents. This study aims to explore characteristics of alcohol-involved facial fractures in the state of Victoria, Australia, over a 10-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed data from the Victorian Admitted Episodes Dataset between 2004 and 2014; the Victorian Admitted Episodes Dataset is a standardized database reported by all Victorian hospitals for every admission...
April 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997463/outcomes-of-endoscopic-dacryocystorhinostomy-in-secondary-acquired-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction-a-case-control-study
#6
Adam R Sweeney, Greg E Davis, Shu-Hong Chang, Arash J Amadi
INTRODUCTION: Secondary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (SANDO), where the obstruction is caused by a known process, is becoming more commonly treated by endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (endoDCR). This study evaluates outcomes of endoDCR for cases of SANDO in comparison to endoDCR outcomes treating primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (PANDO). METHODS: All patients undergoing endoDCR from 2006 to 2015 at a tertiary referral center were reviewed for etiology of nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) and success of procedure...
December 16, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703562/justification-for-rhinoseptoplasty-in-children-our-10-years-overview
#7
Gabriela Kopacheva-Barsova, Nikola Nikolovski
BACKGROUND: Nasal septal surgery and rhinoplasty are controversial in children. Traditionally, an attitude of restraint has been employed by most surgeons till an empirical age of 16 to 18 years. This is to avoid the possible adverse effects that the growth spurts may have on the nose and midface region. AIM: The aim of this paper was to present the results of rhinoplasty in children in order to restore the anatomy and function or to promote normal development and outgrowth of the nose...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571583/the-maxillary-artery-as-a-recipient-vessel-option-for-complex-midface-and-anterior-skull-base-microsurgical-repair-a-cadaveric-study
#8
Jed H Assam, Thomas H Quinn, Oleg N Militsakh
INTRODUCTION: Variations in the operative situation for complex head and neck defect reconstructions resulting from mechanisms such as trauma, oncologic resection, and prior radiation exposure can result in situations of a vessel-depleted neck. This requires an awareness of alternate, innovative options for use in reconstructive repairs. The purpose of this study was to provide characterization of the third segment of the maxillary artery necessary to consider its use as a recipient vessel in free flap repair of complex midface defects...
August 29, 2016: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545011/facial-fractures-in-football-incidence-site-and-mechanism-of-injury
#9
S Y Kim, C L Chan, D M Hyam
Football injuries are responsible for many of the maxillofacial injuries sustained during sporting activities. In the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), the four major types of Australian football are played in large numbers and up to a high standard. Our objective was to analyse maxillofacial fractures that were sustained during rugby league, rugby union, Australian rules, and soccer matches. We retrospectively studied 134 patients with maxillofacial fractures during the five-year period 2010-14. All patients were assessed and treated at Canberra Hospital, the major trauma centre in the ACT...
October 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441732/patterns-of-facial-fractures-and-protective-device-use-in-motor-vehicle-collisions-from-2007-to-2012
#10
David A Hyman, Sandeep Saha, Harry S Nayar, John F Doyle, Suresh K Agarwal, Scott R Chaiet
Importance: Facial fractures after motor vehicle collisions are a significant source of facial trauma in patients seen at trauma centers. With recent changes in use of seat belts and advances in airbag technology, new patterns in the incidence of facial fractures after motor vehicle collisions have yet to be quantified. Objectives: To evaluate the incidence of facial fractures and assess the influence of protective device use in motor vehicle collisions in patients treated at trauma centers in the United States...
December 1, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438439/the-importance-of-early-diagnosis-of-retrobulbar-hemorrhage
#11
Guilherme Dos Santos Trento, Lucas Borin Moura, Luis Fernando de Oliveira Gorla, Valfrido Antônio Pereira Filho
Midface fractures usually affect the orbital cavity. This trauma may result in severe and rare consequences such as retrobulbar hemorrhage. This condition requires immediate diagnosis and early intervention to avoid blindness. The treatment usually requires evaluation of an oral and maxillofacial surgeon. This patient report aims to describe a facial trauma resulting in blindness after 4 days. An 83-year-old woman fell and hit her face on the floor. The initial evaluation only found a contusion on her left orbit, and an ophthalmologic examination was not made...
September 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390027/measurement-of-change-in-lower-eyelid-position-in-patients-undergoing-transcutaneous-skin-muscle-flap-lower-eyelid-blepharoplasty
#12
Babar Sultan, Dane J Genther, Stephen W Perkins
Importance: Transcutaneous lower eyelid blepharoplasty is a commonly performed procedure with a postoperative risk of eyelid malposition. Objective: To quantify the change in lower eyelid position after transcutaneous lower eyelid blepharoplasty. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective medical record review describes patients who underwent transcutaneous blepharoplasty at a private facial plastic surgery practice. Patients with less than 3 months of follow-up, a history of periocular trauma, and concurrent midface lift were excluded...
December 1, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348349/current-concepts-in-midface-fracture-management
#13
Alf L Nastri, Ben Gurney
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Management of midface trauma is complex and challenging and requires a clear understanding of the facial buttress system, subunit anatomy and inter-relationships. Too often clinicians attempt surgical repair without adequate knowledge of the common complications associated with poor reduction and improper sequencing of fracture repair. This review outlines a working approach to the identification and management of such injuries, and the definitive management of common injury patterns...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27328893/an-analysis-of-711-victims-of-interpersonal-violence-to-the-face-turin-italy
#14
Fabio Roccia, Matteo Savoini, Guglielmo Ramieri, Emanuele Zavattero
AIM: The aim of this work is to analyze the risk factors in interpersonal violence and to describe the epidemiology, patterns and management of maxillofacial fractures in high volume trauma center of the northern Italy. MATERIAL: This retrospective study recorded patients hospitalized with maxillofacial fractures, at the division of maxillofacial surgery, Città della Scienza e della Salute University Hospital, Torino, Italy, since January 2001. METHODS: Only patients who presented with "violence" in the database field for "cause of injury" and with "interpersonal violence" as a subtype of etiology were considered...
August 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27256799/guerin-sign-in-midfacial-fractures
#15
Irfan Ul Hassan Haji, Surinder Pal Singh Sodhi, Badr Bin Abdulrahman Al-Jandan, Mohamed Jaber
We report a patient with multiple fractures of the midface and Guerin sign bilaterally after maxillofacial trauma. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that this rare presentation of Guerin sign has been published.
February 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27244205/the-complication-of-middle-facelift-surgery-resulting-in-migration-of-temporal-augmentation-implant
#16
Hwan Jun Choi, Jun Beom Lee
A 66-year-old woman admitted with induration, peri-wound marceration, swelling, and tenderness on temporal area. She had repeated painful tenderness on temporal area for 10 days. In the peri-wound, discharge volume increased when she ate spicy food or drank lemon juice. She had no trauma history and special medical history. But 3 weeks ago, she had midface lift surgery at another local clinic. Initially, the authors had aspiration to swelling spot, checked 50 cc serotic discharge. The authors checked contrast enhance facial computed tomography and found homogenous fluid collection and peripheral enhancing low attenuated lesion in the anterior portion of tragus and inferior aspect of left ear lobe...
June 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27162569/review-of-maxillofacial-hardware-complications-and-indications-for-salvage
#17
Jonatan Hernandez Rosa, Nathaniel L Villanueva, Paymon Sanati-Mehrizy, Stephanie H Factor, Peter J Taub
From 2002 to 2006, more than 117,000 facial fractures were recorded in the U.S. National Trauma Database. These fractures are commonly treated with open reduction and internal fixation. While in place, the hardware facilitates successful bony union. However, when postoperative complications occur, the plates may require removal before bony union. Indications for salvage versus removal of the maxillofacial hardware are not well defined. A literature review was performed to identify instances when hardware may be salvaged...
June 2016: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138007/minimally-traumatic-submental-intubation-a-novel-dilational-technique
#18
A Ujam, M Perry
PURPOSE: Submental intubation is widely accepted as a safe and effective alternative to nasal intubation or tracheostomy in head and neck surgery patients. Forceful or careless technique can cause significant bleeding and trauma to the soft tissues at this point, increasing the likelihood of troublesome sublingual haematoma. METHODS: We describe the use of a percutaneous tracheostomy horn (Cook Medical Blue Rhino(®)) to allow minimally traumatic submental intubation without the need for serial dilations...
April 30, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27094065/-clinical-outcomes-of-early-repair-for-open-orbital-fracture
#19
H Sun, P S Wu, L Y Song, J Y Hu, S Dong, W Lu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical outcomes following early repair for orbital fracture and soft tissue simultaneously for open orbital fractures. METHODS: Retrospective clinical study. This study comprised of 19 patients(20 eyes) with open orbital fracture who underwent surgery within 48 hours in the Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University between August 2011 and August 2014. The wounds were evaluated at the same time and the surgical debridement was done...
April 11, 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26890462/anteriorly-based-galeo-pericranial-frontalis-flap-a-novel-application-in-secondary-rhinoplasty-with-atrophic-skin
#20
Carmen Gloria Morovic, Carolina A Soto, Claudia Vidal
BACKGROUND: Nasomaxillary dysplasia (Binder syndrome) and cleft are congenital malformations of the midface. Ideally, the nasal deformity is treated from childhood. This approach leads to the need for several surgeries and revisions until full growth is reached. As a result of multiples procedures, the skin over the nasal dorsum sometimes becomes thin, atrophic and could be strongly attached to underlying grafts. For this setting of patients when another rhinoplasty is required, it becomes a technical challenge...
March 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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