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condylar fractures

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898628/fracture-and-nonaccidental-injury-a-case-report-of-a-lateral-condylar-fracture-in-a-13-month-old
#1
Helen Levin, Gurinder Sangha, Timothy P Carey, Rodrick Lim
Pediatric nonaccidental injury (NAI) is an important entity that is commonly seen in a variety of medical settings. These children often present to the emergency department or primary care physicians as the first point of contact after an NAI. There is a major risk associated with nonrecognition of an NAI, including a 35% chance of subsequent injury and a 5% to 10% risk of mortality. Therefore, it is essential for physicians to be vigilant when assessing injuries compatible with NAI, especially in infants and young children who are not able to independently express themselves...
December 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891409/distal-femur-locking-plate-the-answer-to-all-distal-femoral-fractures
#2
Jagandeep Singh Virk, Sudhir Kumar Garg, Parmanand Gupta, Vivek Jangira, Jagdeep Singh, Sudhir Rana
INTRODUCTION: Good results have been published by researchers with distal femur nail, dynamic condylar screw and even addition of a medial plate to a distal femur locking plate for treating distal femur fractures. By this study, we explore the capability of a distal femur locking plate to counter distal femur fractures of extra- articular, partial or intra- articular nature. Positive results have been published by various groups from all over the world. AIM: To study the functional and radiological outcome of distal femoral fractures in skeletally mature patients treated by open reduction and internal fixation with distal femur locking plate...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873526/evaluation-of-complications-after-endoscopy-assisted-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-of-unilateral-condylar-fractures-of-the-mandible-retrospective-analysis-2010-2015
#3
V Machoň, K Klíma, V Vlachopulos, J Valach, J Levorová, R Foltán
BACKGROUND: The authors present their experience with endoscopy assisted open reduction and internal fixation of condylar fractures of the mandible. Their results are presented in a retrospective study of 33 patients with unilateral subcondylar fracture, who underwent a surgical procedure between 2010 and 2015. Reduction and fixation, stability of occlusion 12 months after the operation and also presence of complications were evaluated. RESULTS: Satisfactory reduction (anatomic or physiologic) was achieved in 31 patients...
2016: Acta Chirurgiae Plasticae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830385/atypical-femoral-fractures-in-italy-a-retrospective-analysis-in-a-large-urban-emergency-department-during-a-7-year-period-2007-2013
#4
Mario Pedrazzoni, Andrea Giusti, Giuseppe Girasole, Barbara Abbate, Ignazio Verzicco, Gianfranco Cervellin
The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of atypical femoral fractures (AFFs) seen in a large emergency department in Italy. It was a retrospective study of all men and women aged 40 years or older admitted to the Emergency Department of Parma University Hospital for a femoral fracture. Cases were identified in the hospital database with use of International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) code 820 or 821 or text strings. All the radiographic images of fractures not clearly identified as proximal or condylar were retrieved and evaluated by three independent reviewers...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829774/difficulties-encountered-in-preauricular-approach-over-retromandibular-approach-in-condylar-fracture
#5
Perumal Jayavelu, R Riaz, A R Tariq Salam, B Saravanan, R Karthick
Fracture of mandible can be classified according to its anatomical location, in which condylar fracture is the most common one overall and is missed on clinical examination. Due to the unique geometry of the mandible and temporomandibular joint, without treatment the fractures can result in marked pain, dysfunction, and deformity. The condylar fracture may be further classified depending on the sides involved: unilateral/bilateral, depending on the height of fracture: intracapsular (within the head of condyle), extracapsular - head and neck (high condyle fracture), and subcondylar (low condyle fracture), and depending on displacement: nondisplaced, displaced (anteromedially, medially, and lateral), and dislocated...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818818/total-hip-arthroplasty-for-implant-rupture-after-surgery-for-atypical-subtrochanteric-femoral-fracture
#6
Yu Ozaki, Tomonori Baba, Hironori Ochi, Yasuhiro Homma, Taiji Watari, Mikio Matsumoto, Kazuo Kaneko
Treatment methods for delayed union and nonunion of atypical femoral fracture are still controversial. Moreover, no treatment method has been established for implant rupture caused by delayed union and nonunion. We encountered a 74-year-old female in whom nonunion-induced implant rupture occurred after treatment of atypical subtrochanteric femoral fracture with internal fixation using a long femoral nail. It was unlikely that sufficient fixation could be obtained by repeating osteosynthesis alone. Moreover, the patient was elderly and early weight-bearing activity was essential for early recovery of ADL...
2016: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818079/is-the-retromandibular-transparotid-approach-a-reliable-option-for-the-surgical-treatment-of-condylar-fractures
#7
Antonio D'Agostino, Lorenzo Trevisiol, Pasquale Procacci, Vittorio Favero, Silvia Odorizzi, Pier Francesco Nocini
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the outcomes and complications of the surgical treatment of condylar fractures by the retromandibular transparotid approach. The authors hypothesized that such an approach would be safe and reliable for the treatment of most condylar fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of patients who underwent surgical reduction of a condylar fracture from January 2012 to December 2014 at the Clinic of Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery of the University Hospital of Verona (Verona, Italy) was performed...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773369/impact-of-cement-augmented-condylar-screws-in-locking-plate-osteosynthesis-for-distal-femoral-fractures-a-biomechanical-analysis
#8
Christopher Bliemel, Ludwig Oberkircher, Benjamin Bockmann, Eric Petzold, Rene Aigner, Thomas Jan Heyse, Steffen Ruchholtz, Benjamin Buecking
INTRODUCTION: Compromised bone quality and the need for early mobilization continue to lead to implant failure in elderly patients with distal femoral fractures. The cement augmentation of screws might facilitate improving implant anchorage. The aim of this study was to analyse the impact of cement augmentation of the condylar screws on implant fixation in a human cadaveric bone model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten pairs of osteoporotic femora (mean age: 90 years, range: 84-99 years) were used...
December 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771429/total-knee-implant-posterior-stabilised-by-a-third-condyle-design-evolution-and-post-operative-complications
#9
R Gaillard, S Lustig, A Peltier, V Villa, E Servien, P Neyret
BACKGROUND: Despite excellent long-term outcomes, posterior stabilisation by a third condyle continues to receive unwarranted criticism regarding patellar complications and instability. HYPOTHESIS: Complication rates with a tri-condylar posterior-stabilised implant are similar to those with other posterior-stabilised prostheses and have diminished over time due to improvements in prosthesis design. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Post-operative complications and revision rates were assessed retrospectively in a prospective cohort of 4189 consecutive patients who had primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using a tri-condylar posterior-stabilised implant (Wright-Tornier) and were then followed-up for at least 24 months...
October 19, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768679/medial-knee-approach-an-anatomical-study-of-minimally-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-in-medial-femoral-condylar-fracture
#10
Norachart Sirisreetreerux, Babar Shafiq, Greg M Osgood, Erik A Hasenboehler
OBJECTIVES: To determine the location of distal medial neurovascular structures, identifying a medial "safe zone" for minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis to treat displaced femoral condylar fractures. METHODS: Eleven uninjured lower-half torsos were dissected on the bilateral medial lower thigh. A longitudinal incision was made at the midsagittal plane of the medial thigh starting 1 cm proximal to the knee joint and extending to the proximal one-third of the femur...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761388/influence-of-the-impacted-mandibular-third-molars-on-fractures-of-the-mandibular-angle-and-condyle-a-prospective-clinical-study
#11
Arunesh Tiwari, Jeevan Lata, Madan Mishra
AIMS: This study was set out to evaluate the relationship between the presence and absence of unerupted mandibular third molar and fracture of mandibular angle/condyle, and to analyse if prophylactic removal of symptom-free unerupted mandibular third molar is beneficial. METHODS: Hundred patients of mandible fracture were selected randomly irrespective of age, sex, caste, creed and socio-economic status. Data were collected from the patients on the basis of history, clinical examination and radiographs for the following information: age, sex, aetiology of fracture, presence and status of the mandibular third molar and location of mandible fracture...
September 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746503/posterior-dislocation-of-hip-with-ipsilateral-intertrochanteric-fracture-a-report-of-two-cases
#12
Rehan Ul Haq, Jaswant Kumar, I K Dhammi, Anil K Jain
Posterior dislocations of the hip are known to be associated with fractures of the femoral head, neck, shaft, or posterior acetabular wall. However, its association with ipsilateral intertrochanteric fracture has only been anecdotally described in the English literature. We report two such cases managed by open reduction (OR) of the hip and internal fixation (IF) of the intertrochanteric fracture. The first case was a 26-year-old male who was managed by OR of the hip with IF of the intertrochanteric fracture with a dynamic hip screw and had a good functional result at 1-year followup...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726752/imaging-the-injured-pediatric-athlete-upper-extremity
#13
Jorge Delgado, Diego Jaramillo, Nancy A Chauvin
Increased physical activity in childhood has resulted in a large number of sports-related injuries. Although there is overlap between the sports-related injuries seen in pediatric and adult patients, important differences exist in the injury patterns of pediatric patients. These differences are related to the continuous changes in the developing skeleton and its relationship with adjacent soft tissues. The imbalance in strength between the growing bones and the nearby tendons and ligaments makes the bones prone to acute and chronic injuries...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716315/comparison-of-supraintercondylar-and-supracondylar-femur-fractures-treated-with-condylar-buttress-plates
#14
Chun-Jui Weng, Chi-Chuan Wu, Kuo-Fun Feng, I-Chuan Tseng, Po-Cheng Lee, Yu-Chih Huang
BACKGROUND: Treatment of supraintercondylar (AO/OTA 33-C) and supracondylar (AO/OTA 33-A) femur fractures is generally challenging. Standard treatments include open reduction and internal fixation. However, optimal implants are now being well-defined. This study focus on the comparison between clinical and functional outcomes of fractures treated with condylar buttress plates (CBPs). METHODS: We treated 87 patients with supraintercondylar or supracondylar femur fracture from 2004 to 2008, including 30 supraintercondylar and 24 supracondylar fractures treated with CBPs...
October 4, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692999/-functional-treatment-of-children-subcondylar-fractures-an-axiographic-assessment
#15
S Vo Quang, J Dichamp, C Tomat, M P Vazquez, A Picard, N Kadlub
INTRODUCTION: Subcondylar fractures are common in children. Occlusion disorders resulting from these fractures in deciduous or mixed dentition do not have as much impact as in adults due to alveolar adaption possibilities. Functional treatment allows for good functional results, but does not treat the dynamic shortening of the ramus. The objective of this study was to evaluate the axiographic condylar slope changes after subcondylar fracture in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted from 2010 to 2015, including all the under-18 patients presenting with a subcondylar fracture...
September 28, 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664203/roles-of-chondrocytes-in-endochondral-bone-formation-and-fracture-repair
#16
R J Hinton, Y Jing, J Jing, J Q Feng
The formation of the mandibular condylar cartilage (MCC) and its subchondral bone is an important but understudied topic in dental research. The current concept regarding endochondral bone formation postulates that most hypertrophic chondrocytes undergo programmed cell death prior to bone formation. Under this paradigm, the MCC and its underlying bone are thought to result from 2 closely linked but separate processes: chondrogenesis and osteogenesis. However, recent investigations using cell lineage tracing techniques have demonstrated that many, perhaps the majority, of bone cells are derived via direct transformation from chondrocytes...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663241/finite-element-analysis-of-stress-distribution-on-the-mandible-and-condylar-fracture-osteosynthesis-during-various-clenching-tasks
#17
Loai Hijazi, Wael Hejazi, Mhd Ayham Darwich, Khaldoun Darwich
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effect of clenching tasks on the stress and strain of condylar osteosynthesis screws and plates, as well as on the stress, strain distribution and displacement on the whole mandible and bone surrounding screws. METHODS: Three-dimensional finite element models of the mandible, two straight four-hole plates and eight screws were established. Six static clenching tasks were simulated in this study: incisal clench (INC), intercuspal position (ICP), right unilateral molar clench (RMOL), left unilateral molar clench (LMOL), right group function (RGF) and left group function (LGF)...
September 23, 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618718/delayed-open-reduction-and-single-screw-internal-fixation-as-a-treatment-option-in-cases-of-failed-non-surgical-treatment-of-bilateral-condylar-head-fractures-with-fragmentation
#18
Bin Zhang, Mingliang Yang, Qing Zhou, Qiang Liu
PURPOSE: To share our experience in the open reduction and single screw internal fixation of delayed bilateral condylar head fractures with fragmentation and evaluate its feasibility and outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study involved 6 males and 1 female. All patients had multiple injuries at different body sites and failed non-surgical treatment of bilateral condylar head fractures. The mean period between the injury and the operation was 5.7 (4-8) weeks. According to the preoperative computer-aided design, and the clinical manifestations, the fracture fragments were reduced and fixed with a single screw...
August 21, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614719/-facial-trauma-and-injury-in-children
#19
M-P Vazquez, N Kadlub, V Soupre, E Galliani, C Neiva-Vaz, I Pavlov, A Picard
Facial traumas are common in children but often unconsidered. Facial injury is responsible of impressive bleeding because of the rich vascularization of the face; this bleeding is often underestimated because of the immediate arterial vasoconstriction that is very strong for children. The blood volume is 80ml/kg for a newborn, with a total of 250ml, reaching 70ml/kg at one year of age. The evaluation must be rigorously performed due to the risk of a sudden decompensation. Regarding the wounds, the primary repair must be performed directly neat or optimal in case of damaged tissues...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598264/commentary-to-a-follow-up-study-on-extracorporeal-fixation-of-condylar-fractures-using-vertical-ramus-osteotomy
#20
COMMENT
Soung Min Kim, Ji Hyuck Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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