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condyle fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516447/metacarpophalangeal-joint-injury-patterns-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-comparison-in-racing-standardbreds-and-thoroughbreds
#1
Julien Olive, Nicolas Serraud, Thibault Vila, Jean-Philippe Germain
The metacarpal condyle has received extensive attention as a predominant site of overload arthropathy in racehorses. However, detailed descriptions of MRI lesion patterns for the metacarpophalangeal joint and comparisons between types of racing horses are currently lacking. Aims of this retrospective, cross-sectional study were to describe and compare standing low-field magnetic resonance findings in the metacarpophalangeal joints for groups of Standardbreds and Thoroughbreds using systematic semiquantitative scores...
May 17, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512850/in-situ-handheld-3d-bioprinting-for-cartilage-regeneration
#2
Claudia Di Bella, Serena Duchi, Cathal D O'Connell, Romane Blanchard, Cheryl Augustine, Zhilian Yue, Fletcher Thompson, Christopher Richards, Stephen Beirne, Carmine Onofrillo, Sebastien H Bauquier, Stewart D Ryan, Peter Pivonka, Gordon G Wallace, Peter F Choong
Articular cartilage injuries experienced at an early age can lead to the development of osteoarthritis later in life. In situ 3D printing is an exciting and innovative bio-fabrication technology that enables the surgeon to deliver tissue- engineering techniques at the time and location of need. We have created a hand- held 3D printing device (Biopen) that allows the simultaneous co-axial extrusion of bioscaffold and cultured cells directly into the cartilage defect in vivo in a single session surgery. This pilot study assesses the ability of the Biopen to repair a full thickness chondral defect and the early outcomes in cartilage regeneration, and compares these results to other treatments in a large animal model...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497104/stress-fracture-of-the-lateral-femoral-condyle-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#3
Mohammad M Sarzaeem, Mahmood Jabalameli
BACKGROUND: This is to assess one of the rare complications after total knee replacement and to assess risk factors of failure. METHODS: 11 patients with varus knee and an average age of 67 years underwent TKA between 2005 and 2013. All patients returned with a sudden sharp knee pain, disability to walk and significant decrease in ROM about 4 to 8 weeks after surgery. Radiographic examination revealed a lateral femoral condylar stress fracture. RESULTS: After analyzing the images, we found common characteristics among all patients, which might be attributable to the later fracture including varus deformity>25, femoral component lateralization, and valgus correction...
March 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468225/open-reduction-in-pediatric-condylar-fracture
#4
Alexandre Agostini Barbosa, Ronaldo Célio Mariano
Facial fractures in children are rare. Lack of pneumatization, fat pockets, mixed dentition, contribute to the elasticity and bone stability. When mandibular fractures occur in children, most often involve the condyle by indirect trauma. Such fractures are the center of discussion on the form of treatment if this should be performed conservatively, or held the reduction and fixation of the fracture with surgical exposure of the fragments. In condylar fractures in children, in most patients, the proposed treatment is closed reduction...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439163/superolateral-dislocation-of-bilateral-intact-mandibular-condyles-a-rare-case-series
#5
Satishkumar G Patil, Bindu S Patil, Udupikrishna Joshi, B M Rudagi, Aafreen Aftab
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The dislocation of mandibular condyle is a clinical condition in which the head of condyle has been displaced out of the glenoid fossa. Complete dislocation of the mandibular condyle can occur in anterior, posterior, lateral and superior direction. Among these dislocations, bilateral superolateral dislocation of mandibular condyles is quite rare and often misdiagnosed. Because of its rare occurrence and unusual clinical course, the best treatment is debatable. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We present the first case series of true bilateral superolateral dislocation of intact mandibular condyles (Type 2B) without fracturing the Zygomatic arch, associated with symphysis fracture...
June 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433980/a-paediatric-case-of-bilateral-mandibular-condyle-fracture-presenting-with-bloody-otorrhoea-following-trauma
#6
Yat Chun Chan, Kwan Leong Au-Yeung
A 7-year-old boy presented to the emergency department with bilateral bloody otorrhoea after falling from his scooter. Skull base fracture was suspected. CT showed no evidence of skull base fracture but bilateral mandibular condyle and external acoustic canals fractures. We report this case to illustrate a rare possibility of bilateral external acoustic canal fracture associated with condylar fracture in trauma patients presented with bloody otorrhoea.
April 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429855/coincidence-of-mandibular-fractures-with-isolated-posterior-maxillary-sinus-fractures
#7
Sebastian Blatt, Roman Rahimi-Nedjat, Keyvan Sagheb, Lisa Piechowiak, Christian Walter, Dan Brüllmann
BACKGROUND/AIM: There is no data available to show whether there is a relationship between mandibular fractures and isolated fractures of the posterior and/or latera wals of the maxillary sinus. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a coincidence between these fracture patterns. METHODS: Four hundred large volume cone beam computed tomography scans (CBCT) of patients with a fracture of the mandible between 2008 and 2013 were analyzed retrospectively...
April 21, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412268/how-is-third-molar-status-associated-with-the-occurrence-of-mandibular-angle-and-condyle-fractures
#8
Shuai Xu, Jun-Jie Huang, Yu Xiong, Ying-Hui Tan
PURPOSE: Third molars (M3s) have been hypothesized to be associated with the risk of mandibular angle fracture and mandibular condylar fracture. The authors systematically estimated the relative risk (RR) of M3 status for the development of mandibular angle fracture and mandibular condylar fracture through a meta-analysis of cohort studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this systematic review, the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases were searched from inception to October 2016...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390685/plate-fixation-for-letenneur-type-i-hoffa-fracture-a-biomechanical-study
#9
Hui Sun, Qi-Fang He, Yi-Gang Huang, Jian-Feng Pan, Cong-Feng Luo, Yi-Min Chai
BACKGROUND: A coronal fracture of the posterior femoral condyle, also known as a Hoffa fracture, is an unusual injury, and there are only a handful of case reports or series exploring it. The optimal fixation method of these intraarticular fractures remains controversial; improper or unstable fixation usually lead to an unsatisfactory prognosis. The use of posterior-anterior or reversed lag screw fixation is still a popular method. Additional buttress plating is also recommended for fixation of these difficult fractures...
March 30, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378234/core-curriculum-case-illustration-stieda-fracture-avulsion-fracture-of-the-medial-femoral-condyle
#10
Shaimaa Abdelhassib Fadl, Jeffrey D Robinson
This is the 30th installment of a series that will highlight one case per publication issue from the bank of cases available online as part of the American Society of Emergency Radiology (ASER) educational resources. Our goal is to generate more interest in and use of our online materials. To view more cases online please visit the ASER Core Curriculum and Recommendations for Study online at: http://www.erad.org/page/CCIP_TOC . A Stieda fracture is an avulsion injury from the medial femoral condyle of the origin of the medial collateral ligament...
April 4, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374066/high-prevalence-of-all-complex-segond-avulsion-using-ultrasound-imaging
#11
Burt Klos, Marlon Scholtes, Stephan Konijnenberg
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of a Segond avulsion fractures in acute ACL tears with ultrasound and to investigate whether other injuries can predict the avulsion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred thirty-eight ultrasound analyses of acute knee trauma were collected and scored for diagnosed injuries. The reports of patients with an ACL tear (N = 87) were evaluated to determine possible increased prevalence of Segond avulsion fracture with ultrasound...
April 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369948/the-natural-history-of-humeral-intracondylar-fissure-an-observational-study-of-30-dogs
#12
A P Moores, A L Moores
OBJECTIVES: To determine the risk of condylar fracture, or of needing to have a transcondylar screw placed, and to identify risk factors in a cohort of dogs with humeral intracondylar fissure (also known as incomplete ossification of the humeral condyle) that was initially managed non-surgically. METHODS: A retrospective owner survey of dogs diagnosed with humeral intracondylar fissure as an incidental finding and managed non-surgically with a minimum of two years follow-up...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356695/sialocele-a-rare-sequlae-of-transparotid-approach-in-subcondylar-fracture-management
#13
R Rajeev, S Sajesh, Mathew Jose, N Dhineksh Kumar
Iatrogenic injury and/or damage to the parotid salivary gland during transparotid approach for open reduction and internal fixation of mandibular condyle fracture is a rare event. Accumulation of saliva in the gland leads to formation of a sialocele. Huge sialocele often seeks drain through the most dependent area through an extraoral wound, whereas in the absence of extraoral fistula, saliva can be redirected intraorally using a stent. A case of mangement of sialocele caused by damage to glandular elements during a transparotid approach for a subcondylar fracture reduction is reported...
July 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355673/the-extensor-mechanism-imaging-and-intervention
#14
Colm J McMahon, Arun Ramappa, Kenneth Lee
We present an overview of imaging and intervention of the extensor mechanism of the knee. Particular focus is placed on the evaluation of patellofemoral tracking disorders, patellar and quadriceps tendinosis and tears, patellar fracture, lateral patellar condyle patellar friction syndrome, and prepatellar bursitis. Anatomical and biomechanical factors contributing to these disorders are considered. Imaging evaluation is presented in a clinical context, and therapeutic options for these disorders are discussed...
April 2017: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345414/fresh-osteochondral-allograft-transplantation-for-fractures-of-the-knee
#15
Guilherme C Gracitelli, Luis Eduardo Passarelli Tirico, Julie C McCauley, Pamela A Pulido, William D Bugbee
Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate functional outcomes and allograft survivorship among patients with knee fracture who underwent fresh osteochondral allograft (OCA) transplantation as a salvage treatment option. Design Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. Setting Department of Orthopaedic Surgery at one hospital. Patients Fresh OCAs were implanted for osteochondral lesions after knee fracture in 24 males and 15 females with an average age of 34 years. Twenty-nine lesions (74%) were tibial plateau fractures, 6 (15%) were femoral condyle fractures, and 4 (10%) were patella fractures...
April 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340662/vascularized-small-bone-transfers-for-fracture-nonunion-and-bony-defects
#16
REVIEW
Ai Dong Deng, Marco Innocenti, Rohit Arora, Markus Gabl, Jin Bo Tang
Vascularized small-bone grafting is an efficient and often necessary surgical approach for nonunion or necrosis of several bones in particular sites of the body, including scaphoid, lunate, distal ulna, and clavicle. The medial femoral condyle is an excellent graft source that can be used in treating scaphoid, ulna, clavicle, or lower-extremity bone defects, including nonunion. Vascularized bone grafting to the small bones, particularly involving reconstruction of damaged cartilage surfaces, should enhance subchondral vascular supply and help prevent cartilage regeneration...
April 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326704/-extramedullary-fixation-combined-with-intramedullary-fixation-in-the-surgical-reduction-of-sagittal-mandibular-condylar-fractures
#17
Chen Chuanjun, Chen Xiaoyang, Chen Jing
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical effect of extramedullary fixation combined with intramedullary fixation during the surgical reduction of sagittal mandibular condylar fractures. METHODS: Twenty-four sagittal fractures of the mandibular condyle in18 patients were fixed by two appliances: intramedullary with one long-screw osteosynthesis or Kirschner wire and extramedullary with one micro-plate. The radiologically-recorded post-operative stability-associated com-plications included the screw/micro-plate loosening, micro-plate twisting, micro-plate fractures, and fragment rotation...
October 1, 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320522/-image-guided-bone-consolidation-in-oncology-cementoplasty-and-percutaneous-screw-fixation
#18
REVIEW
Xavier Buy, Roberto Luigi Cazzato, Vittorio Catena, Guilhem Roubaud, Michele Kind, Jean Palussiere
Bone metastases are a common finding in oncology. They often induce pain but also fractures which impair quality of life, especially when involving weight-bearing bones. Percutaneous image-guided consolidation techniques play a major role for the management of bone metastases. Cementoplasty aims to stabilize bone and control pain by injecting acrylic cement into a weakened bone. This minimally invasive technique has proven its efficacy for bones submitted to compression forces: vertebra, acetabular roof, and condyles...
March 17, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293698/anterolateral-ligament-abnormalities-are-associated-with-peripheral-ligament-and-osseous-injuries-in-acute-ruptures-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament
#19
Camilo Partezani Helito, Paulo Victor Partezani Helito, Renata Vidal Leão, Marco Kawamura Demange, Marcelo Bordalo-Rodrigues
PURPOSE: Few studies have used MRI to identify the ALL. As it was shown that it is not possible to precisely characterize this ligament in all examination, it is important to identify concomitant lesions that can help in diagnosing ALL abnormalities. It is important to characterise this injury due to its association with anterolateral knee instability. Thus, the present study was performed to determine the frequency of ALL injuries in patients with acute ACL rupture and to analyse its associated knee lesions...
April 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280678/the-medial-femoral-condyle-flap-for-reconstruction-of-intercondylar-pathological-fractures-of-the-thumb
#20
Chung-Chen Hsu, Charles Yuen Yung Loh, Yu-Te Lin, Cheng-Hung Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
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