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condyle fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210410/a-case-of-glenoid-fossa-fracture-progressive-ankylosis-total-joint-reconstruction-with-alloplastic-prosthesis-to-normalized-function-including-evaluation-with-f18-pet-ct-a-four-year-follow-up
#1
Björn Lindell, Andreas Thor
Temporomandibular joint replacement (TJR) with alloplastic prosthesis has shown promising long-term results in end stage joint disorders. We present a case of young woman with painful ankylosis that where reconstructed with TJR, due to a complex mandibular fracture with dislocation of the left condyle into the middle cranial fossa two years earlier. At the age of 18 the subject underwent a total joint replacement with custom-made alloplastic TMJ prosthesis. To determine the bone response and remodeling activity around the prosthesis, a F18 PET/CT-scan was used...
March 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178167/intercondylar-fracture-of-the-distal-humerus-in-a-7-year-old-child-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
Yuji Tomori, Yoshihiro Sudo, Norishige Iizawa, Mitsuhiko Nanno, Shinro Takai
RATIONALE: Intercondylar fracture of the distal humerus is an extremely rare injury in children, especially in those under 8 years of age. To our best knowledge, there have been 55 reported cases of this fracture type in children in the English literature, 12 of which involved children under 8 years of age. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of intercondylar fracture of the distal humerus in a7-year-old boy fell in a gymnasium, injuring his left elbow. INTERVENTIONS: Closed reduction was initially attempted under fluoroscopic guidance, but anatomic reduction could not be achieved because the fragments were extremely unstable and irreducible...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177582/treatment-of-mandibular-condyle-fractures-a-twenty-years-review
#3
Marcelo Silva Monnazzi, Marisa Ap Cabrini Gabrielli, Mário Francisco Real Gabrielli, Alexandre Elias Trivellato
BACKGROUND/AIM: The condylar fracture is among the most frequent facial fractures. Despite all the published studies, its treatment remains controversial. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the epidemiology and complications of mandibular condyle fractures managed by surgical and conservative treatment, over a period of twenty years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The files of 262 patients with 318 condyle fractures were included in this study. One hundred and seven patients had conservative management and 155 had surgical management for the condylar fractures...
February 8, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166705/high-tibial-osteotomy-combined-with-cancellous-bone-graft-and-osteochondral-autograft-transplantation-in-a-patient-with-massive-osteochondral-defects-in-the-medial-femoral-condyle
#4
Takehiko Matsushita, Shu Watanabe, Daisuke Araki, Tomoyuki Matsumoto, Koji Takayama, Masahiro Kurosaka, Ryosuke Kuroda
Treatment of massive osteochondral defects of the medial femoral condyle is challenging. A 46-year-old man who had a medial femoral condyle fracture on his left knee underwent osteosynthesis in a hospital, but the pain remained and the patient was referred to our hospital 8 months after the surgery. Radiographs showed a varus alignment of the leg, and magnetic resonance image showed a massive necrotic area in the medial femoral condyle. The patient received high tibial osteotomy (HTO) combined with iliac cancellous bone graft and an osteochondral autograft transplantation...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145928/open-reduction-in-pediatric-condylar-fracture
#5
Alexandre Agostini Barbosa, Ronaldo Célio Mariano
Facial fractures in children are rare. Lack of pneumatization, fat pockets, mixed dentition, contribute to the elasticity and bone stability. When mandibular fractures occur in children, most often involve the condyle by indirect trauma. Such fractures are the center of discussion on the form of treatment if this should be performed conservatively, or held the reduction and fixation of the fracture with surgical exposure of the fragments. In condylar fractures in children, in most patients, the proposed treatment is closed reduction...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144599/mandibular-fractures-and-associated-factors-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#6
Srikanth Gadicherla, Prem Sasikumar, Satpal Singh Gill, Manish Bhagania, Abhay Taranath Kamath, Kalyana Chakravarthy Pentapati
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution, etiology and type of mandibular fractures in subjects referred to our institution. METHODS: A retrospective study of 689 subjects, during the period from May 2010 to September 2013 with mandibular fractures was conducted. Information on age, gender, mechanism of injury and sites of trauma was obtained from the trauma registry. Data were tabulated and analyzed statistically. RESULTS: A total of 653 subjects had mandibular fractures, out of which 574 were males...
December 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138434/concurrent-lateral-condyle-mass-fracture-with-olecranon-fracture-a-case-report-and-brief-review-of-literature
#7
Munir Farooq, Younis Kamal, Hayat Ahmad Khan, Naseemul Gani, Adil Bashir Shah, Mohammed Ashraf Khan, Shahid Bhat
INTRODUCTION: There is very limited literature describing the association of lateral condyle mass (LCM) fracture of the distal humerus associated concurrently with olecranon fracture. Herein, a case is reported of a displaced LCM fracture with displaced olecranon fracture, due to complex trauma while getting out of a vehicle, which was managed by open reduction and internal fixation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 4.5- year- old boy suffered severe pain and swelling around his right elbow due to trauma which he suffered while trying to get out of a vehicle which was in motion...
September 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102168/brachial-plexus-root-avulsion-injury-with-occipital-condyle-fractures-case-study
#8
Alicja Baranowska, Joanna Baranowska, Agata Pydych, Paweł Baranowski
Avulsion injuries of the brachial plexus with occipital condyle fractures are very rare and usually result from motor vehicle accidents. This paper presents an analysis of the case of a 24-year-old male patient who sustained both these injuries in a car accident. Computed tomography revealed a fracture of the right occipital condyle and a magnetic resonance scan showed spinal nerve disruption at the C3-C7 level on the left. The patient underwent conservative treatment.
August 30, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100946/management-of-young-patients-with-temporomandibular-joint-ankylosis-a-surgical-and-anesthetic-challenge
#9
REVIEW
Devalina Goswami, Sweta Singh, Ongkila Bhutia, Dalim Baidya, Chhavi Sawhney
Temporomandibular joint ankylosis is a unique disease where fracture of the mandibular condyle or any other cause leading to ankylosis of the joint can lead to multiple problems if not detected and treated early. If affected in early years of life, it may cause facial dysmorphism, restricted mouth opening, and difficulty in eating, speech, and sleep. Early surgery and physiotherapy can restore the joint function to a great extent. Anesthetizing a pediatric patient with this disorder is a definite challenge which needs expertise in difficult airway management...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056260/-research-progress-of-hoffa-fracture
#10
Y B Zhou, Q X Wang, W Chen
Hoffa fracture is a rare type of fracture confined to the coronal plane of the femoral condyle. High-energy is a common reason of Hoffa fracture, and low-energy trauma and iatrogenic injury can also cause Hoffa fracture in some cases. The commonly used classifications include Letenneur classification, CT classification, AO classification and modified AO classification. X-ray is the first choice to diagnose Hoffa fractures, fracture lines can be found. If the X-ray is negative, CT scan and MRI should be performed...
January 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045839/the-use-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-management-of-minimally-displaced-or-nondisplaced-lateral-humeral-condyle-fractures-in-children
#11
Gregory Haillotte, Manon Bachy, Marion Delpont, Reda Kabbaj, Hubert Ducou le Pointe, Raphaël Vialle
OBJECTIVES: Fractures of the lateral humeral condyle are common in children. Nondisplaced fractures are managed with cast immobilization and frequent radiographic follow-up. Possibility of assessing the displacement and stability of such fractures may be helpful in planning the initial treatment and survey. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could be a useful tool in determining the stability of lateral condyle in children. We propose to investigate the use of MRI in such indication. METHODS: Fourteen patients presenting with a minimally displaced or nondisplaced fracture were initially treated with a long arm cast and had an MRI within 5 days of injury...
January 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026918/upper-and-lower-extremity-reconstructive-applications-utilizing-free-flaps-from-the-medial-genicular-arterial-system-a-systematic-review
#12
Nikolas H Kazmers, Stephanie Thibaudeau, Zvi Steinberger, L Scott Levin
BACKGROUND: Free flaps derived from the medial genicular artery (MGA) system, including the medial femoral condyle (MFC) and medial femoral trochlear (MFT) flaps, are potential reconstructive options to address upper and lower extremity bony pathology. Our primary aim was to comprehensively search the literature to describe the spectrum of pathology treated with these flaps, and to assess patient outcomes to improve our understanding of expected union and complication rates. METHODS: Following PRISMA guidelines, a systematic review using Pubmed and Embase databases with citation cross-referencing was performed to identify all original clinical articles characterizing MGA flap treatment of upper and lower extremity pathology...
December 27, 2016: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018071/reimplantation-of-contaminated-extruded-segment-of-lateral-femoral-condyle-cleansed-with-10-povidine-iodine-in-complex-floating-knee-injury-with-excellent-outcome-case-report-with-2-year-follow-up
#13
Prahalad Kumar Singhi, R Sivakumar, V Somashekar, Vinayak Kusabi, T Vinoth
Traumatic extrusion of bone is a rare complication of high energy open fractures, and there are only few studies published in literature on reimplantation of the extruded bone segment. Studies with clear guidelines regarding timing of reimplantation, stabilisation of extruded bone segments, bone disinfection and disinfection techniques are very few. Previous reports describe disinfection using thermal or chemical methods. We present a case scenario of successful reimplantation of an extruded metaphyseal segment of distal femoral condyle following cleaning with copious saline and soaked in 10% povidine-iodine for 20 min in a 21 year old male patient of a complex floating knee injury with excellent outcome based on Karlstrom and Olerud criteria...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001498/evaluation-of-the-osteoconductive-potential-of-poly-propylene-carbonate-nano-hydroxyapatite-composites-mimicking-the-osteogenic-niche-for-bone-augmentation
#14
Qin Zou, Jianguo Liao, Jidong Li, Yubao Li
Nano-hydroxyapatite (n-HA) reinforced poly(propylene carbonate) (PPC) composites were prepared for bone repair and reconstruction. The effects of reinforcement on the morphology, mechanical properties and biological performance of n-HA/PPC composites were investigated. The surface morphology and mechanical properties of the composites were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and universal material testing machine. The analytical data showed that good incorporation and dispersion of n-HA crystals could be obtained in the PPC matrix at a 30:70 weight ratio...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987508/-analysis-of-anterolateral-approach-and-lateral-approach-for-the-treatment-of-coronal-shear-fracture-of-the-distal-humeral
#15
Y Li, Y J Cha, T Li, M Q Gong, X Y Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To treat the coronal shear fracture of the distal humeral during open reduction and internal fixation by anterolateral approach and lateral approach, and to analyze the advantage and disadvantage of each approach. METHODS: From September 2006 to July 2014, 10 patients with coronal fracture of the distal humeral were analyzed, who were all treated with Open Reduction and Internal Fixation (ORIF), 5 with anterolateral approach (group A) and 5 with lateral approach (group B)...
December 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984452/comparison-of-three-methods-for-maintaining-inter-fragmentary-compression-after-fracture-reduction-and-fixation
#16
Brigham Au, John Groundland, T Kyle Stoops, Brandon G Santoni, H Claude Sagi
OBJECTIVES: It is recommended that the intraarticular component of a supracondylar distal femoral fracture be stabilized by a lag screw to create interfragmental compression. Generally, it is thought that lag screw fixation should precede any positional screw or locking screw application. This study compared three methods of maintaining inter-fragmentary compression after fracture reduction with a reduction clamp. METHODS: Intra-articular vertical split fractures were created in synthetic femora...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955799/closed-treatment-of-unilateral-mandibular-condyle-fractures-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
A V J Rozeboom, L Dubois, R R M Bos, R Spijker, J de Lange
Of all mandibular fractures, 25-35% are condylar. Many studies have focused on whether to treat such fractures via open or closed modalities. A uniform protocol for closed treatment is lacking, but such a protocol could ensure good clinical practice. The aims of this systematic review were to provide an overview of the published studies exclusively pertaining to closed treatment and to summarize the existing modalities for closed treatment and their clinical outcomes. Sixteen studies were selected for detailed analysis...
December 7, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939038/novel-technique-for-harvesting-the-sternoclavicular-graft
#18
Sujata Mohanty, Sanchaita Kohli, Jitender Dabas, Chandravir Singh
PURPOSE: Originally introduced for mandibular reconstruction more than 40 years ago, the sternoclavicular graft (SCG) has gained widespread popularity for the reconstruction of the ramus-condyle unit (RCU) owing to its anatomic and histological likeness to the normal mandibular condyle. Conventional longitudinal osteotomy design for its harvest has been fraught with considerable complications at the donor site including fracture clavicle and major neurovascular injury. In an attempt to alleviate these ill effects, a new technique for procuring the sternoclavicular graft is presented...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902636/risk-of-infection-and-secondary-displacement-in-pediatric-supracondylar-or-lateral-condyle-fractures-treated-with-unburied-kirchener-wires-removed-before-complete-bone-healing
#19
Sylvain Aubret, Thibaut Lecointe, Mounira Mansour, Marie Rousset, Antonio Andreacchio, Bruno Pereira, Yann Philippe Charles, Federico Canavese
This study evaluated the risk of infection and of secondary displacement among children with displaced lateral condyle or supracondylar fractures treated by surgery. The study included a consecutive sample of 84 supracondylar fractures and 21 lateral condyle fractures treated with closed reduction and percutaneous pinning. The mean time to Kirchener wire removal was 29 days (range: 25-37 days) postsurgery. Two out of 105 (1.9%) patients developed infectious complications and two of 105 (1.9%) patients had a secondary displacement...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900824/mandibular-angle-fractures-a-comparative-study-between-one-and-two-plate-fixation
#20
Marcelo Silva Monnazzi, Marisa Ap Cabrini Gabrielli, Mário Francisco Real Gabrielli, Alexandre Elias Trivellato
BACKGROUND/AIM: The mandibular angle fracture is a challenging fracture to manage. Over time, the literature has shown many types of treatment modalities and different kinds of internal fixation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes and complications of mandibular angle fractures managed by Champy's technique and two-plate fixation, over a period of 20 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The files of 149 patients with 155 angle fractures fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were chosen for this study...
November 7, 2016: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
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