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condyle fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656152/occipital-condyle-fractures-and-concomitant-cervical-spine-fractures-implications-for-management
#1
James L West, Atilio E Palma, Lukas Vilella, Kyle M Fargen, Charles L Branch, Stacey Q Wolfe
INTRODUCTION: Occipital condyle fractures (OCFs) have previously been described based upon anatomic characteristics; however, recent literature has proposed management based on biomechanical stability and neural element compression. The treatment of biomechanically stable fractures varies between observation and cervical immobilization. Prior to determining best management, understanding of concomitant cervical spine fractures in the presence of OCFs is prudent. The primary aim of this pilot study was to determine the rate of occurrence of biomechanically significant cervical spine fractures with OCFs...
April 12, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644303/hoffa-s-fracture-of-the-medial-femoral-condyle-in-a-child-treated-with-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-a-case-report
#2
Yasser I AlKhalife, Abdulmuhsen N Alshammari, Mohamed A Abouelnaga
Background: Hoffa's fracture is a coronal oriented fracture of the femoral condyles. Isolated coronal fracture of medial femoral condyle with intact lateral femoral condyle is extremely rare in the pediatric patients. There are only few cases of a medial femoral condyle Hoffa's fracture in a skeletally immature patient that have been reported in the literature. The Case: In this case report; we present a case of a 12-year-old boy with Hoffa's fracture of the medial femoral condyle, successfully managed by open reduction and internal fixation...
April 2018: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629334/surgical-management-of-double-triple-mandibular-fractures-involving-the-condylar-segment-our-perspective
#3
Sunil S Nayak, Abhay Taranath Kamath
A series of surgical cases operated in our unit are considered to analyze and evaluate the different techniques and sequencing employed in the surgical management of double/triple mandibular fractures involving a condylar fracture. Deviating from the normal sequence of reducing and fixing the dentate segment first, we addressed the condylar segment first. A combination of different approaches for different cases such as a periangular with a vestibular, a preauricular and a retromandibular with a vestibular were used according to the type of fractures...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622244/editorial-commentary-to-treat-or-not-to-treat-are-we-any-closer-to-knowing-what-to-do-with-cartilage-lesions-of-the-tibia
#4
EDITORIAL
William Bugbee
The increasing interest and use of cartilage repair procedures in the knee has led to a better understanding of when and how chondral lesions should be treated. Nonetheless, there are still key areas where we lack understanding and need better data to guide clinical decision making. One of these areas is how to manage lesions of the tibia, particularly when they occur in conjunction with the more commonplace lesions of the femoral condyle. In this setting, a tibial chondral lesion may reflect a bigger clinical problem-a "bipolar defect" or more advanced joint disease-"established osteoarthritis...
April 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619397/treatment-of-failed-articular-cartilage-reconstructive-procedures-of-the-knee-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Joseph D Lamplot, Kevin A Schafer, Matthew J Matava
Background: Symptomatic articular cartilage lesions of the knee are common and are being treated surgically with increasing frequency. While many studies have reported outcomes following a variety of cartilage restoration procedures, few have investigated outcomes of revision surgery after a failed attempt at cartilage repair or reconstruction. Purpose: To investigate outcomes of revision cartilage restoration procedures for symptomatic articular cartilage lesions of the knee following a previously failed cartilage reconstructive procedure...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618894/comparative-histomorphometric-evaluation-of-healthy-and-ankylosed-mandibular-condylar-process
#6
Nandakishore Sahoo, Dibyajyoti Boruah, Ankur Thakral, Rahul Kumar, Indranil Deb Roy
Background: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis is one of the most disruptive maladies afflicting the masticatory system. The characteristic feature is the formation of bony mass bridging condyle with glenoid fossa. The exact pathogenesis is, however, not completely understood. Purpose: To investigate and compare histomorphometric features of ankylosed condylar specimen with normal condylar process. Materials and Methods: Group I included 17 post-traumatic unilateral TMJ ankylosis patients managed by excision of ankylosed mass and interpositional arthroplasty...
June 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613834/incidence-of-osteochondritis-dissecans-in-adults
#7
Jennifer M Weiss, Kevin G Shea, John C Jacobs, Peter C Cannamela, Ian Becker, Mark Portman, Jeffrey I Kessler
BACKGROUND: Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) has frequently been described in children and adolescents, but cases of OCD in adults are certainly encountered. Little has been published on the epidemiology of OCD in adult patients. PURPOSE: To assess the frequency of OCD lesions in adults and assess the risk by age, sex, and ethnicity. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. METHODS: The authors assessed all patients aged 20 to 45 years from the entire database of patients enrolled as members of Kaiser Permanente Southern California from January 2011 until December 2013...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600680/-meta-plate-and-cannulated-screw-fixation-for-treatment-of-type-letenneur-iii-lateral-hoffa-fracture-through-posterolateral-approach
#8
Xiao Lian, Yun-Ji Zeng
OBJECTIVE: To explore clinical effect of meta plate with cannulated screw fixation in treating Letenneur III lateral Hoffa fracture through posterolateral approach. METHODS: From June 2012 to June 2016, 12 patients with Letenneur III lateral Hoffa fracture were treated with meta plate and cannulated screw fixation through posterolateral approach, including 8 males and 4 females;aged from 22 to 66 years with an average of 42 years old;and 5 cases on left side, 7 cases on right side...
March 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589493/lateral-condylar-fractures-of-the-humerus-in-children
#9
MULTICENTER STUDY
R Ganeshalingam, A Donnan, O Evans, M Hoq, M Camp, L Donnan
Aims Displaced fractures of the lateral condyle of the humerus are frequently managed surgically with the aim of avoiding nonunion, malunion, disturbances of growth and later arthritis. The ideal method of fixation is however not known, and treatment varies between surgeons and hospitals. The aim of this study was to compare the outcome of two well-established forms of surgical treatment, Kirschner wire (K-wire) and screw fixation. Patients and Methods A retrospective cohort study of children who underwent surgical treatment for a fracture of the lateral condyle of the humerus between January 2005 and December 2014 at two centres was undertaken...
March 1, 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574555/paediatric-lateral-condyle-fractures-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Si Heng Sharon Tan, Jo Dartnell, Andrew Kean Seng Lim, James Hoipo Hui
INTRODUCTION: Lateral condyle fractures of the humerus are common paediatric fractures. However, no conclusive statement has been made about their risk of complications, the management and epidemiology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines. All studies with paediatric lateral condyle fracture were included, with 2440 children. RESULTS: Most fractures had union, with 0.9% delayed union, 1.6% non-union and 1...
March 24, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566386/occipital-condyle-fracture-extending-to-the-inferior-part-of-the-clivus
#11
Necati Ucler, Seyho Cem Yucetas
Although rarely reported in the literature, serious occipital and condylar fractures have been diagnosed more often with the widespread use of computed cranial tomography in traumas. In this paper, a 16-year-old female with a left occipital fracture extending from the left occipital condyle anterior of the hypoglossal canal to the inferior part of the clivus is presented. The fracture which had caused a neurological deficit was cured with conservative treatment. For delayed hypoglossal nerve paralysis due to swelling within the canal, methylprednisolone was started, and a complete cure was attained in about 10 days...
March 22, 2018: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560037/diagnosis-management-and-complications-of-distal-humerus-lateral-condyle-fractures-in-children
#12
REVIEW
Daniel A Shaerf, Ivor S Vanhegan, Rupen Dattani
We review the diagnosis, evaluation and management of paediatric lateral condylar fractures. The complications of these fractures are also discussed, including the management of fracture non-union.
April 2018: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550376/fractures-of-the-stylomandibular-complex-a-prospective-study-proposing-a-classification-and-clinical-protocol
#13
Elavenil Panneerselvam, Sasikala Balasubramaniam, Aditi Rajendra Sharma, Pathumai Murugadoss, Saravanan Chellappazham, V B Krishnakumar Raja
PURPOSE: Mandibular trauma can result in stylomandibular complex (SMC) fractures with clinical symptoms including glossopharyngeal neuralgia, globus pharyngeus, otalgia, and dysphonia. Fracture of the styloid process is noteworthy because of its proximity to numerous vital structures. The study objectives were 1) to determine the incidence of SMC fractures and develop a clinical grading system and 2) to institute and assess a treatment protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective clinical trial involved 206 patients with mandibular trauma based on a set of inclusion and exclusion criteria...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549019/how-does-the-remodeling-capacity-of-children-affect-the-morphologic-changes-of-fractured-mandibular-condylar-processes-after-conservative-treatment
#14
Shiping Chang, Yan Yang, Yang Liu, Jingfu Wang, Wuyang Zhang, Qin Ma
PURPOSE: Our aim was to explore how the remodeling capacity of children's mandibular condyles affected the morphologic changes of fractured condyles after conservative treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was designed and performed in children and adult patients with mandibular condylar fractures. Computed tomographic imaging was reviewed for all patients to analyze the morphologic changes and risk factors for traumatic temporomandibular joint ankylosis...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543680/anatomical-examination-of-mandibular-condyle-protrusion-into-the-middle-cranial-fossa-cadaveric-dissection
#15
Charlotte Wilson, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
Trauma to the mandible can occasionally be a life-threatening event. Although extremely rare with only 56 reported patients in the English language, fracture of the floor of the middle cranial fossa with protrusion of the mandibular condyle into the middle cranial fossa was first reported in 1963 by Dingman. The authors review the anatomy of the temporomandibular joint in relation to the middle cranial fossa and demonstrate the possible complications due to condylar intrusion with anatomical dissection.
March 14, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526160/basic-principles-of-fracture-treatment-in-children
#16
Hakan Ömeroğlu
This review aims to summarize the basic treatment principles of fractures according to their types and general management principles of special conditions including physeal fractures, multiple fractures, open fractures, and pathologic fractures in children. Definition of the fracture is needed for better understanding the injury mechanism, planning a proper treatment strategy, and estimating the prognosis. As the healing process is less complicated, remodeling capacity is higher and non-union is rare, the fractures in children are commonly treated by non-surgical methods...
April 2018: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525095/mg-based-bone-implants-show-promising-osteoinductivity-and-controllable-degradation-a-long-term-study-in-a-goat-femoral-condyle-fracture-model
#17
Xiangdong Kong, Lei Wang, Guoyuan Li, Xinhua Qu, Jialin Niu, Tingting Tang, Kerong Dai, Guangyin Yuan, Yongqiang Hao
In this work, the in vivo biocompatibility and biodegradation behavior of Mg-Nd-Zn-Zr alloy (denoted as JDBM) screws were studied using a goat femoral condyle fracture model. Blood analysis indicates that the liver and kidney functions of goats were not affected by JDBM, JDBM coated with brushite (denoted as JDBM-DCPD) and PLA implants. Radiographic analysis shows that JDBM-DCPD screw has lower degradation rate than JDBM. Histological images show that compared with PLA, JDBM and JDBM-DCPD show superior effect to promote more new bone formation...
May 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484463/medial-humeral-condyle-fracture-in-childhood-a-rare-but-often-overlooked-injury
#18
F F Fernandez, S Vatlach, T Wirth, O Eberhardt
The medial condyle fracture of the humerus is-in comparison to the lateral condyle fracture-a very rare Salter-Harrison IV-fracture of the elbow. In this prospective study 14 children were included and reviewed. One child had minimal displacement fracture type I, one child had type II, and 12 children had type III-fractures. One patient was treated conservatively by an upper arm cast; thirteen were surgically treated using open reduction and osteosynthetical treatment. Postoperatively the elbow was immobilized in 90° flexion and neutral position in a long-arm cast for 4-6 weeks...
February 26, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476683/changing-pattern-and-etiology-of-maxillofacial-fractures-during-the-civil-uprising-in-western-libya
#19
M-S Elarabi, A-B Bataineh
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate changing pattern in characteristics of maxillofacial fractures and concomitant injuries in Western Libya During revolution and to assess the association between mechanism of injury and fracture patterns. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records and radiographs of 187 patients treated for maxillofacial fractures from January 2010 to December 2012 was performed, there were 326 fractures in 187 patients...
February 24, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457400/-a-case-report-of-reversed-and-separated-elbow-dislocation-with-humeral-fractures-of-medial-and-lateral-condyle
#20
Zhi Tang, Shao-Dong Xie, Shen Cao, Qian Cao, Yun-Qin Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
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