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condyle fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706788/post-traumatic-superolateral-dislocation-of-condyle-a-case-series-of-18-condyles-with-review-of-literature-and-a-proposed-classification
#1
REVIEW
Dichen Palmo Bhutia, Divya Mehrotra, Nitin Mahajan, Debraj Howlader, Jagdish Gamit
AIM: The aim is to review the English literature for post-traumatic superolateral dislocation of mandibular condyle (SDMC),discuss their dynamics and clinical management and to propose to modify the existing classification of SDMC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A literature search was carried at Pubmed, Sciencedirect, Google and references from reported articles were crosschecked to look for the cases of SDMC from 1969 to 2015 in English language. Also, we have reviewed 11 of our patients with total of 18 superolateral dislocated intact or sagittal split condyles ,who visited our unit in the previous two years...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704297/surgical-treatment-of-displaced-pediatric-lateral-condyle-fractures-of-the-humerus-by-the-posterior-approach
#2
William K Conaway, William L Hennrikus, Samine Ravanbakhsh, Zachary Winthrop, John Mahajan
The surgical approach for open reduction and internal fixation of lateral condyle fractures in children is controversial. Some authors recommend the lateral approach to the elbow over the posterior approach because of theoretical concern for injury to the vascular supply of the distal humerus and potential avascular necrosis (AVN). The purpose of this retrospective case series study is to report the outcomes of open reduction and internal fixation of displaced lateral condyle fractures of the humerus by the posterior approach...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703117/early-diagnostics-of-temporomandibular-joint-structural-elements-injures-caused-by-traumatic-mandibular-bone-fractures
#3
Kh R Pohranychna, A R Stasyshyn, U D Matolych
A rapidly increasing number of mandibular condylar fractures and some complications related to injuries of temporomandibular elements make this study important. Intra-articular disorders lead to secondary pathological findings such as osteoarthritis, deforming osteoarthrosis, and temporomandibular joint ankylosis that limits mouth opening, mastication, swallowing, breathing, and decreased/lost working capacity or disability. Early diagnosis of intra-articular disorders can prevent from long-lasting functional complications caused by temporomandibular joint injuries...
June 30, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694600/long-term-resolution-of-delayed-onset-hypoglossal-nerve-palsy-following-occipital-condyle-fracture-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Sudhakar Vadivelu, Zihan Masood, Bryan Krueger, Rudy Marciano, David Chen, Cliff Houseman, Salvatore Insinga
The authors present the case of a patient that demonstrates resolution of delayed onset hypoglossal nerve palsy (HNP) subsequent to occipital condyle fracture following a motor vehicle accident. Decompression of the hypoglossal nerve and craniocervical fixation led to satisfactory long-term (>5 years) outcome. There is a scarcity of literature in recognizing HNPs following trauma and a lack of pathophysiological understanding to both a delayed presentation and to resolution versus persistence. This is the first report demonstrating long-term resolution of hypoglossal nerve injury following trauma to the craniocervical junction...
April 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682875/the-use-of-3d-printed-titanium-mesh-tray-in-treating-complex-comminuted-mandibular-fractures-a-case-report
#5
Junli Ma, Limin Ma, Zhifa Wang, Xiongjie Zhu, Weijian Wang
RATIONALE: Precise bony reduction and reconstruction of optimal contour in treating comminuted mandibular fractures is very difficult using traditional techniques and devices. The aim of this report is to introduce our experiences in using virtual surgery and three-dimensional (3D) printing technique in treating this clinical challenge. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 26-year-old man presented with severe trauma in the maxillofacial area due to fall from height. DIAGNOSIS: Computed tomography images revealed middle face fractures and comminuted mandibular fracture including bilateral condyles...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673200/analysis-of-functional-outcome-of-hoffa-fractures-a-retrospective-review-of-32-patients
#6
Vivek Trikha, Saubhik Das, Sahil Gaba, Prabhat Agrawal
PURPOSE: Hoffa fractures are uncommon intra-articular fractures of femoral condyle in coronal plane. The purpose of our study is to assess radiologic and functional outcome in operatively treated Hoffa fractures. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 32 patients of isolated Hoffa fracture from January 2010 to March 2015. All were treated with open reduction and internal fixation using lateral approach for lateral Hoffa and medial approach for medial Hoffa fracture...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663018/intraoral-vertico-sagittal-ramus-osteotomy-modification-of-the-l-shaped-osteotomy
#7
J Iwanaga, S Kikuta, M Nakamura, A Koba, K Ogata, S Toyofuku, R S Tubbs, J Kusukawa
The sagittal split ramus osteotomy and intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy carry the potential risk of postoperative nerve paralysis, bleeding, and fracture and dislocation of the condyle. In 1992, Choung first described the intraoral vertico-sagittal ramus osteotomy for the purpose of avoiding postoperative dislocation of the condyle. However, there is still potential for damaging the inferior alveolar nerve and maxillary artery with this technique. The authors have developed a modified technique to minimize these risks...
June 26, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647656/delayed-retroclival-and-cervical-spinal-subdural-hematoma-complicated-by-pre-existing-chiari-malformation-in-an-adult-trauma-patient
#8
Ha Nguyen, Hoon Choi, Shekar Kurpad, Hesham Soliman
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic spinal subdural hematoma involving the retroclival region and upper cervical spine is a rare pathology. To our knowledge, there have only been two prior cases in an adult trauma patient. We describe a patient with pre-existing Chiari 1 malformation, who recently sustained a unilateral Type 1 OCF (occipital condyle fracture) with associated disruption of the tectorial membrane and transverse ligament, that returned with a retroclival subdural hematoma extending down to C7, causing spinal cord compression and symptomatic obstructive hydrocephalus...
June 21, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630761/partial-proximal-tibia-fractures
#9
Michael J Raschke, Christoph Kittl, Christoph Domnick
Partial tibial plateau fractures may occur as a consequence of either valgus or varus trauma combined with a rotational and axial compression component.High-energy trauma may result in a more complex and multi-fragmented fracture pattern, which occurs predominantly in young people. Conversely, a low-energy mechanism may lead to a pure depression fracture in the older population with weaker bone density.Pre-operative classification of these fractures, by Müller AO, Schatzker or novel CT-based methods, helps to understand the fracture pattern and choose the surgical approach and treatment strategy in accordance with estimated bone mineral density and the individual history of each patient...
May 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629234/healing-of-osteochondral-defects-via-endochondral-ossification-in-an-ovine-model
#10
Helen Lydon, Alan Getgood, Frances M D Henson
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the mechanism of healing of osteochondral defects of the distal femur in the sheep, a commonly used translational model. Information on the healing mechanism be useful to inform the design of tissue engineering devices for joint surface defect repair. DESIGN: A retrospective study was conducted examining 7-mm diameter osteochondral defects made in the distal medial femoral condyle of 40 adult female sheep, comprising control animals from 3 separate structures...
June 1, 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628579/distal-humeral-flexion-osteotomy-for-the-treatment-of-supracondylar-extension-type-malunions-in-children
#11
Sebastian Farr, Rudolf Ganger, Werner Girsch
Distal humeral extension-type malunions may occur as a complication following improper reduction of supracondylar humerus fractures. We evaluated results after distal humeral flexion osteotomies for sagittal realignment of the humeral condyle in children. Medical records and radiographs of all patients younger than 18 years of age, who underwent this procedure because of a clinically relevant lack of elbow flexion, were evaluated. In a cohort of 18 children with a mean age of 8 years at the time of surgery and a mean follow-up duration of 1 year, elbow flexion increased significantly from a mean of 101° preoperatively to 126° at the final follow-up; established radiographic parameters (e...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620229/novel-bioactive-glass-based-injectable-bone-cement-with-improved-osteoinductivity-and-its-in-vivo-evaluation
#12
Tengjiao Zhu, Huihui Ren, Ailing Li, Bingchuan Liu, Caiyun Cui, Yanmei Dong, Yun Tian, Dong Qiu
Recently, more and more attention has been paid to the development of a new generation of injectable bone cements that are bioactive, biodegradable and are able to have appropriate mechanical properties for treatment of vertebral compression fractures (VCFs). In this study, a novel PSC/CS composite cement with high content of PSC (a phytic acid-derived bioactive glass) was prepared and evaluated in both vitro and vivo. The PSC/CS cement showed excellent injectability, good resistance to disintegration, radiopacity and suitable mechanical properties...
June 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616392/catastrophic-complication-following-injection-and-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-of-a-medial-femoral-condyle-subchondral-cystic-lesion-in-a-14-year-old-arabian-mare
#13
Darla K Moser, Mike J Schoonover, Kate M Sippel, Alix M Dieterly, Jerry W Ritchey, Corey R Wall
This report describes fibrous cyst lining injection and extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) of a medial femoral condyle (MFC) subchondral cystic lesion (SCL) resulting in catastrophic MFC fracture in an Arabian mare. The mare was presented for evaluation of a severe hind limb lameness of approximately 4 months duration. On presentation, a non-weight bearing lameness of the left hind limb with severe effusion and soft tissue swelling of the stifle region was noted. Radiographic evaluation of the stifle revealed a large SCL of the MFC with associated osteoarthritis...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610821/superolateral-dislocation-of-the-intact-mandibular-condyle-report-of-a-rare-case-with-a-review
#14
N Srinath, D N Umashankar, C Naik, J Biradar
Dislocation of the temporomandibular joint, which represents 3% of all dislocated joints reported in the body, occurs when the mandibular condyle is displaced anteriorly beyond the articular eminence. Although anterior dislocation of the mandibular condyle is well documented in the literature, superior, lateral, and posterior dislocation of the condyle is rare. Only a few reports documenting superolateral dislocation with anterior mandible fractures have been published in the past. However such dislocations without any associated fractures are even rarer...
June 10, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604551/the-periosteal-medial-femoral-condyle-free-flap-a-new-option-for-soft-tissue-reconstruction-of-the-distal-lower-extremity
#15
Noah H Saad, Matthew E Pontell, Brian S Winters, Joseph Daniel, Adam Saad
BACKGROUND: Small (<30 cm) soft tissue defects of the distal leg, foot, and ankle pose a complicated issue with regard to wound healing. Multiple flaps have been proposed for reconstruction of these wounds with varying levels of success. The medial femoral condyle flap is a free bone flap supplied by the descending geniculate artery. It is currently used in the treatment of fracture nonunion, infected bone defects, avascular necrosis, and osteoradionecrosis. This study proposes the use of the periosteal portion of the medial femoral condyle (PMFC) flap for soft tissue reconstruction of the distal leg, foot, and ankle...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600588/-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-of-lateral-tibial-plateau-fractures-with-free-subchondral-2-7%C3%A2-mm-screws
#16
M Reul, F Johnscher, S Nijs, H Hoekstra
OBJECTIVES: Exact reconstruction of the depressed articular surface and stable subchondral fixation of the lateral tibial plateau (ORIF, "open reduction and internal fixation"). INDICATIONS: Tibial plateau fractures with involvement of the lateral column and depression of the articular surface. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Critical soft tissue. Severe osteoporosis. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Supine position, classical anterolateral approach, lateral submeniscal arthrotomy, visualisation of the fracture, osteotomy of the lateral tibial condyle...
June 9, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595841/an-atypical-variant-of-superolateral-dislocation-of-the-mandibular-condyle-a-case-report
#17
Kapil Malik, Subhas C Debnath, Apurba K Adhyapok, Kriti Hazarika
Dislocation of the mandibular condyle from the glenoid fossa can occur in anterior, posterior, lateral, and superior directions. Posterior, lateral, and superior dislocations are rare. Superolateral dislocation is seldom encountered in clinical practice. It is generally associated with fracture of the anterior or contralateral side of the mandible. The occurrence of superolateral dislocation of the condyle hooked above the zygomatic arch with an associated fracture of the medial pole of the condyle is rare and has been reported only once in the literature...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585129/enhanced-biocompatibility-and-osseointegration-of-calcium-titanate-coating-on-titanium-screws-in-rabbit-femur
#18
Zi-Li Wang, Rong-Zhen He, Bin Tu, Xu Cao, Jin-Shen He, Han-Song Xia, Chi Liang, Min Zou, Song Wu, Zhen-Jun Wu, Kun Xiong
This study aimed to examine the biocompatibility of calcium titanate (CaTiO3) coating prepared by a simplified technique in an attempt to assess the potential of CaTiO3 coating as an alternative to current implant coating materials. CaTiO3-coated titanium screws were implanted with hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated or uncoated titanium screws into medial and lateral femoral condyles of 48 New Zealand white rabbits. Imaging, histomorphometric and biomechanical analyses were employed to evaluate the osseointegration and biocompatibility 12 weeks after the implantation...
June 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580257/posterior-surgical-approach-to-the-knee
#19
Scott C Faucett, James Gannon, Jorge Chahla, Marcio B Ferrari, Robert F LaPrade
Posterior knee approaches are reliable techniques to address the treatment of various pathologies of the posterior region of the knee, including Baker cyst excision, tibial plateau fracture fixation, posterior cruciate ligament avulsions and inlay reconstructions, femoral condyle cartilage procedures, posterior meniscal repair and loose body removal among others. Surgery in the posterior knee region can be challenging because of the presence of neurovascular structures including the tibial nerve, popliteal artery and vein, and common peroneal nerve; thus, it is less commonly performed...
April 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580255/arthroscopy-assisted-fabella-excision-surgical%C3%A2-technique
#20
Matthew T Provencher, George Sanchez, Márcio B Ferrari, Gilbert Moatshe, Jorge Chahla, Ramesses Akamefula, Robert F LaPrade
The fabella is an anatomic variant not seen in all individuals and can potentially be a source of chronic knee pain due to chondromalacia, osteoarthritis, fractures, or biomechanical pressure against the lateral femoral condyle. It is situated intra-articular, close to the lateral femoral condyle, the lateral gastrocnemius head tendon, and the fabellofibular ligament. Given its rarity, the diagnosis of a symptomatic fabella is often overlooked when evaluating patients with persistent posterolateral knee pain...
April 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
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