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frontal sinus fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139152/giant-intracranial-arteriovenous-malformation-as-the-focus-of-epileptic-seizures
#1
Mio Takayama, Kenji Hara, Aya Matsusue, Brian Waters, Natsuki Ikematsu, Masayuki Kashiwagi, Shin-Ichi Kubo
A man in his late thirties was found in a supine position in the hallway of his house. He had been diagnosed with epilepsy at approximately 20 years old. Since stopping treatment, epileptic events occurred more frequently and his condition deteriorated in the past 2 years. Autopsy revealed that head injuries were found on the left side of his head. A fracture from the left parietal bone to the anterior cranial fossa was also detected. A subdural hemorrhage (hematoma) spanned a wide range. A subarachnoid hemorrhage was also identified in the left parietal region...
November 14, 2017: Neuropathology: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049140/metopism-a-study-of-the-persistent-metopic-suture
#2
Matthew J Zdilla, Michelle L Russell, Aaron W Koons, Kaitlyn N Bliss, Kelsey R Mangus
Metopism, the persistence of the metopic suture in adulthood, is a clinically significant radiographic finding. In addition to masquerading as a fracture of the frontal bone, a persistent metopic suture may be associated with other clinically significant anatomical variations including frontal sinus abnormalities. Several geographically and craniofacially distinct populations have yet to be assessed for the prevalence of metopism. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of metopic sutures in adult crania of diverse populations among which scant research exists...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027868/posttraumatic-complications-in-pediatric-skull-fracture-dural-sinus-thrombosis-arterial-dissection-and-cerebrospinal-fluid-leakage
#3
Adedamola Adepoju, Matthew A Adamo
OBJECTIVE Skull fracture is associated with several intracranial injuries. The object of this study was to determine the rate of fracture associated with venous thrombosis, intracranial arterial dissection (ICAD), and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage in pediatric patients. Further, the authors aimed to highlight the features of pediatric skull fracture that predict poor neurological outcomes. METHOD In this retrospective study, the authors evaluated the records of 258 pediatric patients who had incurred a traumatic skull fracture in the period from 2009 to 2015...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987223/controversies-in-maxillofacial-trauma
#4
REVIEW
Daniel J Meara, Lewis C Jones
Craniomaxillofacial trauma management has continued to improve and evolve as a result of advances in technology and scientific inquiry. Controversies exist where there is little evidence-based literature to guide treatment in frontal sinus management, rigid versus absorbable fixation, open versus closed treatment of mandibular condyle fractures, extraction of teeth in the line of fracture, optimal timing for repair of mandible fractures, antibiotic use for facial wounds and fractures, and reconstructive materials in orbital fracture reconstruction...
November 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986000/the-effect-of-light-emitting-diode-590-830%C3%A2-nm-based-low-level-laser-therapy-on-posttraumatic-edema-of-facial-bone-fracture-patients
#5
Woo Yeol Baek, Il Hwan Byun, In Sik Yun, Jae Yoon Kim, Tai Suk Roh, Dae Hyun Lew, Young Seok Kim
PURPOSE: Posttraumatic edema in facial bone fracture patients may interfere with the operation field and delay the schedule. Thus, swiftly reducing the edema alleviates patient discomfort and advances the operation date. Ice packing and compression bandages are often used for such a purpose, but such methods are often inconvenient for the face. In this study, we aim to analyze the effect of light-emitting diode (LED) (590/830 nm)-based low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in posttraumatic edema in facial bone fracture patients...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941504/trauma-in-facial-plastic-surgery-frontal-sinus-fractures
#6
REVIEW
Irene A Kim, Kofi D Boahene, Patrick J Byrne
The optimal management of frontal sinus fractures remains controversial. Fortunately, the severity of these injuries has diminished with more stringent auto-safety regulations, changing the treatment paradigms used to repair these injuries. Appropriate patient selection and close follow-up may allow for conservative management strategies when dealing with frontal sinus fractures, largely replacing the more morbid and invasive techniques that have been the mainstay for years. Because acute and delayed sequelae can arise after the initial injury, patients should be thoroughly counseled about the importance of follow-up and the need to seek medical care if they develop any concerning signs or symptoms...
November 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913294/approach-to-frontal-sinus-outflow-tract-injury
#7
REVIEW
Yong Hyun Kim, Baek-Kyu Kim
Frontal sinus outflow tract (FSOT) injury may occur in cases of frontal sinus fractures and nasoethmoid orbital fractures. Since the FSOT is lined with mucosa that is responsible for the path from the frontal sinus to the nasal cavity, an untreated injury may lead to complications such as mucocele formation or chronic frontal sinusitis. Therefore, evaluation of FSOT is of clinical significance, with FSOT being diagnosed mostly by computed tomography or intraoperative dye. Several options are available to surgeons when treating FSOT injury, and they need to be familiar with these options to take the proper treatment measures in order to follow the treatment principle for FSOT, which is a safe sinus, and to reduce complications...
March 2017: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913281/a-review-of-subbrow-approach-in-the-management-of-non-complicated-anterior-table-frontal-sinus-fracture
#8
REVIEW
Jeenam Kim, Hyungon Choi
Frontal sinus fractures, particularly anterior sinus fractures, are relatively common facial fractures. Many agree on the general principles of frontal fracture management; however, the optimal methods of reduction are controversial. The subbrow approach enables accurate reduction and internal fixation of the fractures in the anterior table of the frontal sinus by allowing direct visualization of the fracture. Given the surgical success in reduction and rigid fixation, patient satisfaction, and aesthetic benefits, the transcutaneous approach through a subbrow incision is superior to other reduction techniques used in the management of an anterior table frontal sinus fracture...
December 2016: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857992/solitary-frontal-sinus-fractures-compared-to-multiple-facial-fractures-energy-impact-dependency
#9
Efi Weitman, Dekel Shilo, Omri Emodi, Adi Rachmiel
Frontal sinus fractures account for 2% to 15% of maxillofacial injuries. Up to 66% to 87% of the patients with frontal sinus fractures experience associated facial fractures. The majority of classifications used today categorize frontal sinus fractures depending on the integrity of the anterior table, posterior table, and the nasofrontal outflow. A retrospective study was performed, which included 24 patients diagnosed with frontal sinus fractures. Treatment in all patients consisted of open reduction and bone fixation...
October 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834912/frontal-intradiploic-meningioma-with-progressive-intracranial-invasion-a-rare-case-report
#10
Sunfu Zhang, Jing Zhang, Junchen Chen, Xiaolin Ai, Xia He
RATIONALE: Intradiploic meningiomas are a subset of extradural meningiomas that arise in the skull. They are mostly localized in the frontoparietal and orbital regions, and they are often mistaken for primary bone tumors. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was a 48-year-old man with headache and a 12-year history of frontal cranium occupation, which was first discovered in 2005 and enlarged in 2009. The patient had a history of fracture in his frontal cranium 12 years ago...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806382/orbital-cellulitis-following-orbital-blow-out-fracture
#11
Je Yeon Byeon, Hwan Jun Choi
Orbital cellulitis and abscess have been described in the literature as complication that usually occur secondary to infection in the maxillary, ethmoidal, and frontal sinuses. If left untreated, it can lead to blindness, cavernous sinus thrombosis, meningitis, or cerebral abscess. Orbital fractures are a common sequela of blunt orbital trauma, but are only rarely associated with orbital cellulitis. So, the authors present rare orbital cellulitis after orbital blow-out fracture. A 55-year-old Asian complains of severe orbital swelling and pain on the left side...
October 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744227/trauma-of-the-frontal-region-is-influenced-by-the-volume-of-frontal-sinuses-a-finite-element-study
#12
Srbislav S Pajic, Svetlana Antic, Arso M Vukicevic, Nenad Djordjevic, Gordana Jovicic, Zivorad Savic, Igor Saveljic, Aleksa Janović, Zoran Pesic, Marija Djuric, Nenad Filipovic
Anatomy of frontal sinuses varies individually, from differences in volume and shape to a rare case when the sinuses are absent. However, there are scarce data related to influence of these variations on impact generated fracture pattern. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyse the influence of frontal sinus volume on the stress distribution and fracture pattern in the frontal region. The study included four representative Finite Element models of the skull. Reference model was built on the basis of computed tomography scans of a human head with normally developed frontal sinuses...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705063/postoperative-ct-of-the-midfacial-skeleton-after-trauma-review-of-normal-appearances-and-common-complications
#13
REVIEW
Michael J Reiter, Ryan B Schwope, Jared M Theler
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to describe the CT appearance of the midfacial skeleton after surgical repair of posttraumatic Le Fort, nasoorbitoethmoidal (NOE), and frontal sinus fractures. Several of the more commonly encountered complications will also be described. CONCLUSION: Surgery after midfacial trauma is aimed at restoring both form and function. Knowledge of the principal tenets of Le Fort, NOE, and frontal sinus fracture repair is vital for radiologists to accurately assess the adequacy of treatment on postoperative CT and provide meaningful reports for the surgeon...
October 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608408/does-the-frontal-sinus-need-to-be-obliterated-following-fracture-with-frontal-sinus-outflow-tract-injury
#14
Helena Wichova, Alexander G Chiu, Jennifer A Villwock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573060/temporary-frontal-paralysis-secondary-to-blunt-trauma-frontal-sinus-fracture
#15
Mark Bastianelli, Stefan Hamilton, Matthew Hearn, Safeena Kherani, Kristian I Macdonald
Frontal sinus fractures (FSF) are relatively uncommon and can be challenging for trauma surgeons to manage. Patients with FSF typically present with facial swelling, pain, and nasofrontal ecchymosis. Here we present a rare case of a patient with FSF and anterior table fracture where the main presenting symptom was bilateral frontal paralysis. We outline our management strategy and review the current literature in regard to management of FSF.
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551409/the-crumple-zone-hypothesis-association-of-frontal-sinus-volume-and-cerebral-injury-after-craniofacial-trauma
#16
Stephen S Cai, Corey Mossop, Silviu C Diaconu, David S Hersh, Sara AlFadil, Yvonne M Rasko, Michael R Christy, Michael P Granta, Arthur J Nam
PURPOSE: The paranasal sinuses are complex anatomical structures of unknown significance. One hypothesis theorizes that the sinuses, in the event of a traumatic injury, function as a crumple zone to distribute and absorb energy to protect the brain and other critical structures. The current study investigates the association between frontal sinus (FS) volume and the severity of cerebral insults following craniofacial trauma. METHODS: All patients with FS fracture admitted to a level 1 trauma center from 2011 to 2014 were retrospectively reviewed...
July 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523084/survey-of-current-practice-patterns-in-the-management-of-frontal-sinus-fractures
#17
Kevin J Choi, Bora Chang, Charles R Woodard, David B Powers, Jeffrey R Marcus, Liana Puscas
The management of frontal sinus fractures has evolved in the endoscopic era. The development of functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) has been incorporated into management algorithms proposed by otolaryngologists, but the extent of its influence on plastic surgeons and oral and maxillofacial surgeons is heretofore unknown. A cross-sectional survey was performed to assess the practice pattern variations in frontal sinus fracture management across multiple surgical disciplines. A total of 298 surveys were reviewed...
June 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504985/current-opinion-in-otolaryngology-and-head-and-neck-surgery-frontal-sinus-fractures
#18
Robert J Chouake, Brett A Miles
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this manuscript is to review the current literature regarding the management of frontal sinus fractures and offer the authors opinion on the current management of these traumatic injuries. We evaluate recently proposed management algorithms as well as novel surgical approaches reported within the last few years. RECENT FINDINGS: Patient selection for sinus sparing treatment modalities is balanced between fracture severity, involved structures, and reliable patient surveillance...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496387/frontal-sinus-fractures
#19
REVIEW
Kelly Schultz, Tara L Braun, Tuan A Truong
The frontal bone serves a protective role, representing the transition between the facial skeleton and the cranium. Within its enclosure, the frontal sinus lies adjacent to many important intracranial structures, and injury to this region has severe complications if not properly managed. Historically, the goals of frontal sinus fracture management have been to best prevent intracranial complications with invasive procedures, but a recent shift favoring conservative management now aims to preserve the form and function of the frontal sinus and its outflow tract...
May 2017: Seminars in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382259/traumatic-tension-pneumocephalus-two-cases-and-comprehensive-review-of-literature
#20
REVIEW
Promod Pillai, Rohit Sharma, Larami MacKenzie, Eugene F Reilly, Paul R Beery, Thomas J Papadimos, Stanislaw Peter A Stawicki
Although traumatic pneumocephalus is not uncommon, it rarely evolves into tension pneumocephalus (TP). Characterized by the presence of increasing amounts of intracranial air and concurrent appearance or worsening neurological symptoms, TP can be devastating if not recognized and treated promptly. We present two cases of traumatic TP and a concise review of literature on this topic. Two cases of traumatic TP are presented. In addition, a literature search revealed 20 additional cases, of which 18 had sufficient information for inclusion...
January 2017: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
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