keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Total joints

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156379/evaluating-the-immediate-effects-of-wearing-foot-orthotics-in-children-with-joint-hypermobility-syndrome-jhs-by-analysis-of-temperospatial-parameters-of-gait-and-dynamic-balance-a-preliminary-study
#1
P McDermott, E Wolfe, C Lowry, K Robinson, H P French
Joint Hypermobility Syndrome (JHS) in children, presents with increased joint range of motion and can lead to altered gait strategies and reduced dynamic balance. Despite limited evidence foot orthoses are sometimes prescribed to patients with JHS with the aim to improve the stability of their gait pattern and theoretically reduce associated symptoms of fatigue and joint pain. The purpose of this study was therefore to analyse the immediate effects of 'off the shelf' orthoses on temporospatial parameters of gait and dynamic balance in this cohort...
November 15, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156286/phytotoxicity-of-pyrethroid-pesticides-and-its-metabolite-towards-cucumis-sativus
#2
I Bragança, Paulo C Lemos, Piedade Barros, Cristina Delerue-Matos, Valentina F Domingues
Pyrethroid pesticides residues have been frequently detected in soils and have been recognized to contribute to soil toxicity. The phytotoxic impact of pesticides was evaluated in Cucumis sativus (C. sativus) seeds. Percentage of seed germination, root elongation, shoot length and leaf length were considered as endpoints to assess the possible acute phytotoxicity of soil by the exposure to pyrethroid pesticides (cypermethrin, deltamethrin and cyhalothrin) and its metabolite phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBA), in a concentration range between 50 and 500μgkg(-1)...
November 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156169/next-generation-minimal-resection-fixed-bearing-total-ankle-replacement-indications-and-outcomes
#3
REVIEW
Justin Tsai, David I Pedowitz
Total ankle arthroplasty is an increasingly popular procedure to address tibiotalar joint arthritis. Implant design and the rationale behind it have changed throughout the years. Newer generation implants allow for minimal resection of bone and use fixed-bearing technology. Long-term follow-up multicenter studies will determine the lifetime of these devices and their effectiveness in addressing pain and improving function for patients with endstage tibiotalar arthritis.
January 2018: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156072/clinical-and-radiologic-outcomes-of-metatarsophalangeal-hemiarthroplasty-a-review-of-12-consecutive-cases
#4
Florian Wanivenhaus, Jacqueline Fust, Matthias Erschbamer, Andreas Schirm
This study examined function, pain, satisfaction, and radiologic outcomes among patients treated with first metatarsophalangeal hemiarthroplasty. Patients were invited to participate in an outcome study conducted with questionnaires on subjective and objective outcomes and clinical and radiographic follow-up. A total of 12 patients (12 feet; mean patient age, 58.8±12.3 years) agreed to participate. Mean follow-up was 22.3±19.8 months. Of these patients, 7 were satisfied with the postoperative result. The mean visual analog scale pain score decreased significantly from 7...
November 20, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156070/medical-crowdfunding-for-patients-undergoing-orthopedic-surgery
#5
Wesley M Durand, Joseph R Johnson, Adam E M Eltorai, Alan H Daniels
Crowdfunding for medical expenses is growing in popularity. Through several websites, patients create public campaign profiles to which donors can contribute. Research on medical crowdfunding is limited, and there have been no studies of crowdfunding in orthopedics. Active medical crowdfunding campaigns for orthopedic trauma, total joint arthroplasty, and spine surgery were queried from a crowdfunding website. The characteristics and outcomes of crowdfunding campaigns were abstracted and analyzed. For this study, 444 campaigns were analyzed, raising a total of $1,443,528...
November 20, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155458/localization-of-surfactant-protein-d-in-the-rheumatoid-synovial-membrane
#6
Anne Friesgaard Christensen, Grith Lykke Sorensen, Kirsten Junker, Peter Hvidbak Revald, Claus Varnum, Flemming Brandt Sorensen, Peter Junker
Surfactant protein-D (SP-D) is a collectin, which plays an important role in airway protection and inflammation. The molecule has both pro- and anti-inflammatory capacities depending on its molecular size. Its involvement in joint diseases is largely unknown and the aim of this investigation was to study SP-D occurrence and distribution in the synovial membrane of patients with long-standing rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA). Six RA patients and six OA patients, who underwent total hip arthroplasty, were included in the study...
November 20, 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154697/rate-of-subtalar-joint-arthrodesis-after-retrograde-tibiotalocalcaneal-arthrodesis-with-intramedullary-nail-fixation-evaluation-of-the-rain-database
#7
Michael Dujela, Christopher F Hyer, Gregory C Berlet
BACKGROUND: Hindfoot arthritis or significant deformity involving the ankle and subtalar joint (STJ) is a disabling condition with few salvage options. Many surgeons note a decreased STJ fusion rate compared with ankle union when a retrograde nail construct is used. The purpose of this study was to report the STJ fusion rate of tibiotalocalcaneal (TTC) arthrodesis with retrograde nail. METHODS: A chart and radiographic review was performed. TTC fusions performed in patients with osteoarthritis, posttraumatic arthritis, or deformity correction with retrograde nail fixation were included...
November 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154692/landing-kinematics-and-kinetics-at-the-knee-during-different-landing-tasks
#8
Nicholas R Heebner, Deirdre M Rafferty, Meleesa F Wohleber, Andrew J Simonson, Mita Lovalekar, Andrew Reinert, Timothy C Sell
CONTEXT:   Several tasks have been used to examine landing biomechanics for evaluation and rehabilitation, especially as related to anterior cruciate ligament injuries. However, comparing results among studies in which different tasks were used can be difficult, and it is unclear which task may be most appropriate. OBJECTIVE:   To compare lower extremity biomechanics across 5 commonly used landing tasks. DESIGN:   Descriptive laboratory study...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154234/activity-and-quality-of-life-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#9
Anna Świtoń, Ewa Wodka-Natkaniec, Łukasz Niedźwiedzki, Tadeusz Gaździk, Tadeusz Niedźwiedzki
BACKGROUND: Coxarthrosis is a chronic musculoskeletal condition that causes severe pain and considerable limi-tation of the patient's motor performance. Total hip arthroplasty is one of the most common and effective methods used in the treatment of advanced degenerative changes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the activity and quality of life of patients after unilateral total hip arthroplasty. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in a group of 189 patients who had undergone unilateral total hip arthroplasty...
October 31, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154233/objective-assessment-of-knee-proprioception-and-sensorimotor-function-in-patients-with-primary-gonarthrosis-before-and-after-knee-replacement
#10
Anna Hadamus, Dariusz Białoszewski
The sensorimotor system is a complicated tool allowing for maintaining body balance and responding to changing environmental conditions to prevent injury. It is difficult to objectively assess the function of balance control mechanisms due to the multidimensional nature of the sensorimotor system and multitude of variables that may interfere with the measurement. The function of the sensorimotor system is considerably compromised in osteoarthritis, including gona-rthro-sis. The knee is the second most common location of osteoarthritis, after the hip, and total or partial replacement surgery of the knee joint represents the therapy of choice in advanced stages of the condition...
October 31, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154230/use-of-kinesiology-taping-in-rehabilitation-after-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomised-clinical-study
#11
Weronika Woźniak-Czekierda, Kamil Woźniak, Anna Hadamus, Dariusz Białoszewski
BACKGROUND: Proprioception and body balance after knee arthroplasty have a considerable impact on restoration of joint function and a normal gait pattern. Kinesiology Taping (KT) is a method that may be able to influence these factors. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of KT application on sensorimotor efficiency, balance and gait in patients undergoing rehabili-ta--tion after knee replacement surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 120 male and female patients (mean age was 69 years) after total knee repla-cement...
October 31, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153865/treatments-of-missing-values-in-large-national-data-affect-conclusions-the-impact-of-multiple-imputation-on-arthroplasty-research
#12
Nathaniel T Ondeck, Michael C Fu, Laura A Skrip, Ryan P McLynn, Edwin P Su, Jonathan N Grauer
BACKGROUND: Despite the advantages of large, national datasets, one continuing concern is missing data values. Complete case analysis, where only cases with complete data are analyzed, is commonly used rather than more statistically rigorous approaches such as multiple imputation. This study characterizes the potential selection bias introduced using complete case analysis and compares the results of common regressions using both techniques following unicompartmental knee arthroplasty...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153706/load-sharing-in-the-lumbosacral-spine-in-neutral-standing-flexed-postures-a-combined-finite-element-and-inverse-static-study
#13
Tao Liu, Kinda Khalaf, Sadegh Naserkhaki, Marwan El-Rich
Understanding load-sharing in the spine during in-vivo conditions is critical for better spinal implant design and testing. Previous studies of load-sharing that considered actual spinal geometry applied compressive follower load, with or without moment, to simulate muscle forces. Other studies used musculoskeletal models, which include muscle forces, but model the discs by simple beams or spherical joints and ignore the articular facet joints. This study investigated load-sharing in neutral standing and flexed postures using a detailed Finite Element (FE) model of the ligamentous lumbosacral spine, where muscle forces, gravity loads and intra-abdominal pressure, as predicted by a musculoskeletal model of the upper body, are input into the FE model...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153233/temporomandibular-joint-reconstruction-in-the-growing-child
#14
REVIEW
Cory M Resnick
Indications and considerations for reconstruction of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) differ between growing and skeletally mature patients. Osteoarthritis, which is the most common cause of TMJ destruction in adults, is comparatively rare in children. The most common indications in young patients are congenital deformities, pathology, ankylosis and progressive resorptive processes. Options for reconstruction include distraction osteogenesis, autologous reconstruction (ie, costochondral graft, free fibula flap), and total alloplastic joint replacement...
February 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152773/categorization-of-the-pelvic-limb-standing-posture-in-nine-breeds-of-dogs
#15
S S Sabanci, M K Ocal
The objective of the study was to categorize objectively nine breeds of healthy dogs according to pelvic limb standing posture. A total of 135 dogs from different breeds were used and the standing angles of the hip, stifle, and tarsal joints, together with the percentages of the greater trochanter, patella and tuber calcanei heights, with respect to crista iliaca height, were used as discriminant variables for the categorization of pelvic limb posture. All included breeds were allocated to three groups of the standing pelvic limb posture...
November 19, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152248/nutritional-management-of-search-and-rescue-dogs
#16
G Vassalotti, N Musco, P Lombardi, S Calabrò, R Tudisco, V Mastellone, R Grazioli, S Bianchi, M I Cutrignelli
Dogs used for search and rescue (SAR) may experience continuous micro-traumas that predispose them to skeletal disorders. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of diet on osteo-articular apparatus in healthy SAR dogs. A total of sixteen SAR dogs were divided into two groups (low supplementation (LS) and high supplementation (HS)) and were fed for 3 months with two experimental diets, characterised by the same protein and energy density, but different in n-3 PUFA (6·2 v. 8·4 % of metabolisable energy), chondroitin sulfate (219·8 v...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152001/total-knee-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-critical-analysis-of-available-evidence
#17
REVIEW
Munis Ashraf, Sruthi Priyavadhana, Senthil Nathan Sambandam, Varatharaj Mounasamy, Om Prakash Sharma
Background: In this era of modern medicine, there is an increase in life expectancy and thereby an ageing population. Among this group one of the most common neurological disorder is Parkinson disease and one of the most common operation done in elderly population is a total joint arthroplasty. But total joint arthroplasty in Parkinson disease is a relatively uncommon entity. There is sparse literature available with regards to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in Parkinson disease. This review focusses on the necessity, complications and previous experiences on TKA in PD based on the literature available...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151014/consent-in-elective-hip-arthroplasty-what-has-changed-over-the-last-15-years
#18
Rohit Singh, George Evans, Amit Patel, Richard Jones
PURPOSE: It is regular practice that patients undergoing orthopaedic procedures particularly those related to arthroplasty are given both verbal and written information prior to their surgery. The aim of this study was to complete a 15 year audit cycle by assessing the patient understanding of the consent process in elective orthopaedic surgery following the introduction of patient information booklets, DVDs, web links, and "joint school." METHODS: 150 patients (50 patients in each cycle of the study) undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty were counselled about the audit and prospectively enrolled...
December 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151013/decreasing-the-incidence-of-surgical-site-infections-following-joint-replacement-surgery
#19
Lorraine Hutzler, Jarrett Williams
OBJECTIVE: Despite the generalized use of prophylactic antibiotics in orthopaedic surgery, Surgical Site Infections (SSIs) are still a major source of morbidity, mortality, and hospital cost. This is due in part to the increasing prevalence of antibiotic resistant organisms. METHODS: A review of local epidemiology, the importance of an antibiotic stewardship program, patient optimization, and risk stratification options to reduce SSIs. RESULTS: The proportion of revisions due to infection is projected to rise rapidly over the next 25 years...
December 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151012/the-role-and-timing-of-treatment-strategies-during-two-stage-revision-for-periprosthetic-joint-infections
#20
Shobhit Minhas, Russell Odono, Kristopher Collins, Jonathan Vigdorchik, Ran Schwarzkopf
INTRODUCTION: Prosthetic joint infection continues to be a source of significant morbidity to patients and an economic burden to society as a whole. Two-stage revision is the current gold standard for treatment of periprosthetic joint infection in North America. Despite this, much discussion persists about treatment strategies surrounding the interim of the two-stage revision and treatment beyond reimplantation. The aim of this review is to answer some of these questions, specifically: are C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) helpful prior to reimplantation, is aspiration helpful, what is the role and timing for systemic antibiotics, and is there a role for oral suppression following second-stage reimplantation? METHODS: A literature review was completed in an attempt to address unanswered questions associated with two-stage reimplantation...
December 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
keyword
keyword
52072
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"