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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333816/national-health-care-network-for-children-with-oral-clefts-organization-functioning-and-preliminary-outcomes
#1
Agustina Cassinelli, Nadia Pauselli, Agustina Piola, Claudia Martinelli, José L Alves de Azeved, María P Bidondo, Boris Groisman, Pablo Barbero, Rosa Liascovich, Ana Sala
INTRODUCTION: Oral clefts are major congenital anomalies that may affect the lip and/or palate, and that may also involve the nose and nostrils. In Argentina, their prevalence is approximately 15 per 10 000 births. In 2015, the Ministry of Health of Argentina created a national health care network for children with oral clefts in Argentina through the joint work with the National Registry of Congenital Anomalies (Red Nacional de Anomalías Congénitas, RENAC) (coordinating center for the national network) and the SUMAR Program...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333366/a-review-of-temporomandibular-joint-related-papers-published-between-2014-2015
#2
REVIEW
Vaibhav Singh, K N V Sudhakar, Kiran Kumar Mallela, Rajat Mohanty
We conducted a retrospective study and reviewed the temporomandibular joint (TMJ)-related papers published in a leading international journal, Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, between January 2014 and December 2015. The study was conducted to ascertain and compare the trends of articles being published in the years 2014 and 2015. A total of 28 articles were reviewed, of which most of the full-length articles were on clinical management and outcomes and the role of radiology. The bulk of the studies were prospective, and less interest was shown in experimental research...
December 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332742/the-effects-of-dorso-lumbar-motion-restriction-on-emg-activity-of-selected-muscles-during-running
#3
Joseph J Morley, Edward Traum
The effects of restricting dorso-lumbar spine mobility on electromyographic activity of the erector spinae, quadriceps femoris, hamstrings and gastrocnemius muscles in runners was investigated. Thermoplastic casting material was fashioned into a rigid orthosis and used to restrict spinal motion during running. Volunteers ran on a treadmill at 2.78 m/sec, under normal conditions and with spinal motion restricted. Surface electromyographic data was collected during both sets of trials. Normal electromyographic data was also compared with previous authors to determine similarity with their electromyographic data...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331520/vitamin-c-attenuates-biochemical-and-genotoxic-damage-in-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio-upon-joint-exposure-to-combined-toxic-doses-of-fipronil-and-buprofezin-insecticides
#4
Madiha Ghazanfar, Sana Shahid, Irfan Zia Qureshi
In the present study, potential protective role of Vitamin C (l-ascorbic acid) was investigated in aquaria acclimated common carp (Cyprinus carpio) following exposure for 96 h to combined toxic doses of fipronil (FP) and buprofezin (BPFN) insecticides in combination (FP: 200 μg/L; 4.57 × 10-7 mol/L and BPFN: 50 mg/L; 1.64 × 10-4 mol/L). At end of 96 h exposure, fish were supplemented with low (25 mg/L) and high (50 mg/L) doses of Vitamin C, added once daily to aquaria water for continuous three weeks...
January 5, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330345/a-computational-simulation-study-to-determine-the-biomechanical-influence-of-posterior-condylar-offset-and-tibial-slope-in-cruciate-retaining-total-knee-arthroplasty
#5
K-T Kang, Y-G Koh, J Son, O-R Kwon, J-S Lee, S K Kwon
OBJECTIVES: Posterior condylar offset (PCO) and posterior tibial slope (PTS) are critical factors in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). A computational simulation was performed to evaluate the biomechanical effect of PCO and PTS on cruciate retaining TKA. METHODS: We generated a subject-specific computational model followed by the development of ± 1 mm, ± 2 mm and ± 3 mm PCO models in the posterior direction, and -3°, 0°, 3° and 6° PTS models with each of the PCO models...
January 2018: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330342/are-the-patient-rated-wrist-evaluation-prwe-and-the-disabilities-of-the-arm-shoulder-and-hand-dash-questionnaire-used-in-distal-radial-fractures-truly-valid-and-reliable
#6
Y V Kleinlugtenbelt, R G Krol, M Bhandari, J C Goslings, R W Poolman, V A B Scholtes
OBJECTIVES: The patient-rated wrist evaluation (PRWE) and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire are patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) used for clinical and research purposes. Methodological high-quality clinimetric studies that determine the measurement properties of these PROMs when used in patients with a distal radial fracture are lacking. This study aimed to validate the PRWE and DASH in Dutch patients with a displaced distal radial fracture (DRF)...
January 2018: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328652/trade-induced-atmospheric-mercury-deposition-over-china-and-implications-for-demand-side-controls
#7
Long Chen, Jing Meng, Sai Liang, Haoran Zhang, Wei Zhang, Maodian Liu, Yindong Tong, Huanhuan Wang, Wei Wang, Xuejun Wang, Jiong Shu
Mercury (Hg) is of global concern because of its adverse effects on humans and the environment. In addition to long-range atmospheric transport, Hg emissions can be geographically relocated through economic trade. Here, we investigate the effect of China's interregional trade on atmospheric Hg deposition over China, using an atmospheric transport model and multiregional input-output analysis. In general, total atmospheric Hg deposition over China is 408.8 Mg yr-1, and 32% of this is embodied in China's interregional trade, with the hotspots occurring over Gansu, Henan, Hebei, and Yunnan provinces...
January 12, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327826/correlation-between-hypermobility-score-and-injury-rate-in-artistic-gymnastics
#8
Bojan Bukva, Goran Vrgoč, Dejan Madić, Goran Sporiš, Nebojša Trajković
BACKGROUND: Generalized Joint Hypermobility (GJH) is suggested as a contributing factor for injuries in young athletes and adults. It is presumed that GJH causes decreased joint stability, thereby increasing the risk of joint and soft tissue injuries during sports activities. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between the hypermobility rate (using the Beighton`s modification of the Carter-Wilkinson criteria of hypermobility) in gymnasts and injury rate, during the period of one year...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327606/the-effects-of-joint-mobilization-on-individuals-with-patellofemoral-pain-a-systematic-review
#9
Dhinu J Jayaseelan, David A Scalzitti, Geoff Palmer, Alex Immerman, Carol A Courtney
OBJECTIVE: To investigate and synthesize the effects of joint mobilization on individuals with patellofemoral pain syndrome. DATA SOURCES: Five electronic databases (CINAHL, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, Scopus, and SPORTDiscus) were used. REVIEW METHODS: Each database was searched from inception to 1 November 2017. Randomized controlled trials investigating a manual therapy intervention, with or without co-interventions, for persons with patellofemoral pain were included...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326061/neuropathic-pain-in-end-stage-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-differential-associations-with-patient-reported-pain-at-rest-and-pain-on-activity
#10
J D Power, A V Perruccio, R Gandhi, C Veillette, J R Davey, K Syed, N N Mahomed, Y R Rampersaud
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether pain at rest and pain on activity were differentially associated with neuropathic pain scores in individuals with end-stage hip and knee OA. DESIGN: Study participants were 843 patients with hip or knee OA scheduled for total joint arthroplasty. In pre-surgery questionnaires, measures of socio-demographics, health status, medication use, neuropathic pain (painDETECT), pain at rest and pain on activity (WOMAC pain items), depression (HADS) and pain catastrophizing (PCS) were collected...
January 8, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325835/synthetic-mesh-vs-allograft-extensor-mechanism-reconstruction-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
David Shau, Ryan Patton, Suhag Patel, Laura Ward, George Guild
BACKGROUND: Extensor mechanism disruption after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a devastating complication. Reconstruction with allograft and synthetic mesh has been described. However, these reports have typically been small case series, and controversy exists with regard to which reconstruction technique is optimal. METHODS: The authors performed a systematic review using PUBMED, MEDLINE, EMBASE, BIOSIS, Clinicaltrials.gov, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews identifying 14 articles meeting inclusion criteria and producing 204 knees for comparison...
January 8, 2018: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325799/elevated-circulating-homocysteine-and-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-jointly-predicts-post-stroke-depression-among-chinese-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke
#12
Jieyun Yin, Chongke Zhong, Zhengbao Zhu, Xiaoqing Bu, Tan Xu, Libing Guo, Xuemei Wang, Jintao Zhang, Yong Cui, Dong Li, Jianhui Zhang, Zhong Ju, Chung-Shiuan Chen, Jing Chen, Yonghong Zhang, Jiang He
BACKGROUND: Homocysteine (HCY) and high sensitivity C reactive protein (hs-CRP) were suggested to be involved in post-stroke depression (PSD), which is a frequent mood disorder after stroke. However, the combined effect of HCY and hs-CRP on PSD remains unclear. METHODS: A total of 598 acute ischemic stroke patients from 7 of 26 centers participating in the China Antihypertensive Trial in Acute Ischemic Stroke with HCY or hs-CRP measurements were included in this analysis...
January 8, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325724/rheumatoid-arthritis-disease-modifying-agents-and-periprosthetic-joint-infection-what-does-a-joint-surgeon-need-to-know
#13
REVIEW
Mehrnoush H Yeganeh, Michael M Kheir, Alisina Shahi, Javad Parvizi
The incidence of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is 1.6× greater than in patients undergoing the same procedure for osteoarthritis. This higher risk "may" be due to the immunosuppressive therapies for RA patients including corticosteroids, such as prednisone, and disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), such as methotrexate. There is a debate about the role of DMARDs in increasing the incidence of subsequent PJI. Studies show conflicting results, with some demonstrating no significant increase in the rates of PJI and some finding otherwise...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325717/factors-related-to-older-patients-fear-of-falling-during-the-first-mobilization-after-total-knee-replacement-and-total-hip-replacement
#14
Hale Turhan Damar, Ozlem Bilik, Ozgul Karayurt, Figen Erol Ursavas
The aim of this study was to determine fear of falling in the first mobilization and affecting factors in older patients. The study had a descriptive and cross-sectional design. Data were collected in Izmir, Turkey between February 2014 and March 2016. The sample included 204 older patients undergoing joint replacement surgery. Fifty-seven-point four percent and 42.6% of the patients had total hip and knee replacement respectively. 42.2% of the patients had a severe fear of falling when they were first mobilized...
January 8, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325189/comparison-of-three-methods-to-quantify-laxity-in-the-canine-hip-joint
#15
Bart J G Broeckx, Aldo Vezzoni, Evelien Bogaerts, Mileva Bertal, Tim Bosmans, Emmelie Stock, Dieter Deforce, Luc Peelman, Jimmy H Saunders
OBJECTIVES:  Comparison of PennHIP and a novel method to diagnose hip laxity, called the Vezzoni modified Badertscher distension device technique. METHODS:  In a total of 10 dogs, it was first assessed whether the distraction index (DI) from the PennHIP evaluation center could be reproduced by two individual observers. In the next two steps, the DI measurements made by the individual observers and the PennHIP evaluation center were compared with the laxity index (LI) measured on the Vezzoni modified Badertscher distension device view...
January 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324934/stem-cells-therapy-the-future-in-the-management-of-systemic-sclerosis-a-case-report
#16
Jung In Song, Silvanie Volz, Maria Eirini Liodaki, Peter Mailänder, Konstantinos Kalousis
OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disorder of unknown etiology, with heterogeneous clinical manifestations and chronic and often progressive course. The diffuse cutaneous form of SSc (dcSSc) is characterized by thickening of the skin (scleroderma) and distinctive involvement of multiple internal organs. Patients with limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc) generally have long-standing Raynaud's phenomenon before other manifestations of SSc appear. Over the last decade the Interest of adipose-derived cell therapy in regenerative medicine has increased continuously...
September 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324297/longitudinal-joint-loading-in-patients-before-and-up-to-one-year-after-unilateral-total-hip-arthroplasty
#17
Mariska Wesseling, Christophe Meyer, Kristoff Corten, Kaat Desloovere, Ilse Jonkers
Abnormal kinematics and kinetics have been reported in hip osteoarthritis (OA) patients before and after total hip arthroplasty (THA). These changes can affect the loading of the ipsilateral hip, as well as the contralateral hip and knee joint. As it is not clear how hip and knee loading evolves in THA patients during the first year after surgery, the goal of this study is to define how joint loading changes in patients before and at three evaluation times after THA surgery. Musculoskeletal modelling in combination with gait analysis data was used to calculate hip and knee contact forces in 14 patients before and 3-, 6- and 12-months after unilateral THA, as well as in 18 healthy controls...
January 5, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322929/ontology-based-systematic-representation-and-analysis-of-traditional-chinese-drugs-against-rheumatism
#18
Qingping Liu, Jiahao Wang, Yan Zhu, Yongqun He
BACKGROUND: Rheumatism represents any disease condition marked with inflammation and pain in the joints, muscles, or connective tissues. Many traditional Chinese drugs have been used for a long time to treat rheumatism. However, a comprehensive information source for these drugs is still missing, and their anti-rheumatism mechanisms remain unclear. An ontology for anti-rheumatism traditional Chinese drugs would strongly support the representation, analysis, and understanding of these drugs...
December 21, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322855/fatigue-in-pediatric-patients-with-familial-mediterranean-fever
#19
Semanur Özdel, Z Birsin Özçakar, Nilgün Cakar, Fatma Aydın, Elif Çelikel, Atilla H Elhan, Fatoş Yalçınkaya
OBJECTIVES: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is characterized by recurrent, self-limited attacks of fever with serositis involving the peritoneum, pleura and joints. Fatigue is a common problem in many pediatric rheumatic diseases; however, has not been evaluated systematically in FMF patients. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to evaluate fatigue and its possible allied factors in patients with FMF. METHODS: Patients with FMF, aged between 10-18 years, were assessed by completed validated fatigue questionnaire (Checklist Individual Strength-20)...
January 11, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322208/the-association-of-the-medial-joint-vacuum-phenomenon-with-ulnar-collateral-ligament-injury-in-symptomatic-elbows-of-younger-athletes
#20
Ryan Tai, Tyson Bolinske, Varand Ghazikhanian, Jacob C Mandell
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of intra-articular gas (IAG) on elbow radiography and evaluate variables, including IAG, as predictors of UCL injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This IRB-approved retrospective study consisted of 241 consecutive elbow radiographic studies containing AP radiographs with valgus stress of both symptomatic and asymptomatic sides in 234 patients. The IAG, medial joint space (MJS), and MJS difference between the symptomatic and asymptomatic elbow (MJSD) were evaluated by two readers, as well as patient age, gender, sport played, and handedness...
January 10, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
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