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The department of urology

Daniel Koh, Kenneth K Lau, Evonne Teoh
PURPOSE: To investigate if the presence of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) in patients with urinary tract obstruction at time of presentation to the emergency department correlates with a subsequent positive urine culture and to determine if it could be used as a tool to predict the urgency of a percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN). The secondary aim of the study was to assess the incidence of in-hour and after-hour emergent PCNs performed in a tertiary center which has both interventional radiological and urological expertise...
March 13, 2018: Emergency Radiology
Rajesh Kumar Wadhwa, Aisha Nazeer, Ayesha Aslam Rai, Nasir Hassan Luck
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the incidence of gastrointestinal disorders requiring endoscopic and histopathologic diagnoses in renal transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective analysis, we examined records of patients seen at the Department of Hepato-Gastroenterology and Transplantation Sciences, Sindh Institute of Urology and Trans?lantation (Karachi, Pakistan) from January 2010 to December 2014. Renal transplant recipients with gastrointestinal disorders who required endoscopy, including proctoscopy and upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopy as per indication, were included...
March 9, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Z Jia, C J Zhang, C G Xi, Y Q Gong, K W Yang, D Peng, L B Liu, J Li, X S Li, Z S He, L Q Zhou
Objective: To study the clinical characteristics, image findings, therapeutic method and prognosis of metanephric adenoma. Method: The clinical characteristic, image findings, operation methods and prognosis of 16 metanephric adenoma patients treated at Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital from January 2004 to March 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. Results: There were 6 male and 10 female patients in the study. The mean age of patients was 33.7 years (ranging from 14 to 83 years). Two patients came to the hospital because of fever, while other 14 patients had no symptoms and found renal tumor by medical examination...
March 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Y C Hao, C L Xiao, K Liu, Y Q Liu, L L Ma
Objective: To investigate application value of narrow-band imaging (NBI) flexible ureteroscopy in the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of upper urinary tract transitional carcinomas (UTUC). Methods: From June 2015 to June 2017, 16 patients of UTUC were treated by flexible ureteroscopy with white light (WLI) and NBI at Department of Urology, Peking University Third Hospital , including 10 females and 6 males. The age of patients ranged from 43 to 84 years (average 68.9 years). There were 54 cases, including 16 cases with first-suspicion of cancer, and 38 cases with known of UTUC as follow-up...
March 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Ruiyang Jiang, Steven Wolf, Muhammad H Alkazemi, Gina-Maria Pomann, J Todd Purves, John S Wiener, Jonathan C Routh
INTRODUCTION: The surgical comorbidity assessment is important for patient risk stratification, counseling, and research. In adults, risk assessment indices, such as the Charlson Co-morbidity Score (CCS) or Van Walraven Index (VWI), are well established. In pediatrics, however, risk assessment indices are scarce. Recently, a pediatric-specific risk assessment index, the Rhee index, was developed to discriminate mortality for pediatric general surgery patients. Currently, there is no validated risk assessment tool in pediatric urology...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Serkan Dogan, Martin Hennig, Tanja Frank, Julian P Struck, Angelika Cebulla, Johannes Salem, Hendrik Borgmann, Tobias Klatte, Axel S Merseburger, Mario Kramer, Sebastian L Hofbauer
BACKGROUND: Guidelines support the use of neoadjuvant (NAC) and adjuvant (AC) chemotherapy in muscle-invasive bladder cancer. However, data from North America reported the underutilization of NAC in favor of AC despite the lower level of scientific evidence supporting AC. We aimed to assess current practice patterns of NAC and AC in -Germany. METHODS: A 15-question online survey was developed and sent via email newsletters to members of the -German Association of Urology and of the German Society of Residents in Urology in October 2016 to analyze current practice patterns...
March 6, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
Yoshio Naya, Natsuki Takaha, Takako Okubo, Koji Shiota, Issei Hayashi, Masaru Mori, Seiki Date, Tsuneharu Miki, Osamu Ukimura
Background: Cystoscopy using white light is a standard procedure for diagnosing bladder cancer; however, white light can result in missed lesions that are present, but not visible, such as in cases of carcinoma in situ (CIS). In this case report, we describe observing the nuclei of urothelial carcinoma cells in situ that were not visible with cystoscopy under white light using probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE) with acrinol and fluorescein during transurethral resection of a bladder tumor (TURBT)...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Jae-Hyuk Yang, Jin Yong Shin, Si-Gyun Roh, Suk-Choo Chang, Nae-Ho Lee
RATIONALE: Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is a chronic destructive granulomatous inflammation that is characterized by urinary tract obstruction and invasion of the renal parenchyma. Although rare, XGP can lead to fatal complications, including perinephric inflammation, psoas abscess, and cutaneous fistula. PATIENT CONCERNS: A quadriplegic patient initially presented to the hospital with a chronic open wound and cutaneous fistula. DIAGNOSES: Abdominal computed tomography revealed a renal obstructing stone and enlarged right kidney with a perinephric fluid collection that communicated with the cutaneous fistula...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jane Kurtzman, Lihai Song, Michelle E Ross, Charles D Scales, David I Chu, Gregory E Tasian
PURPOSE: To determine the association between urology consultation and emergency department (ED) revisits for children with urinary stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included patients ≤18 years-old who presented to an ED in South Carolina with a urinary stone from 1997-2015. The primary exposure was urology consultation during the index ED visit. The primary outcome was a stone-related ED revisit occurring within 180 days of discharge from an index ED visit...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Urology
P K Saha, M S Hossain, K C Ghosh, M S Alam, S Nabi, B K Saha, F H Pathan
Ureteral stent placement is a common procedure in urologic practice. Forgotten, encrusted D/J stents represent a difficult problem for urologists. The major complications are infection, impaired renal function, migration, encrustation, stone formation and multiple fragmentation of stent. A consensus on the best therapeutic approach is still lacking. Here we present our experience with endoscopic management of this challenging problem and discuss the multimodal endourologic approaches for treating forgotten, encrusted ureteral stents...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Philip Boehme, Berit Geis, Johannes Doerner, Stefan Wirth, Kai O Hensel
OBJECTIVES: To assess the implementation of the current guideline and identify potential underlying causes for late surgery in children with Undescended testis (UDT) in Germany. UDT is the most common surgical issue in paediatric urology. To avoid malignant degeneration and subfertility current guidelines recommend orchidopexy during the first year of life. However, this seems not to be implemented in practice. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 5547 patients with cryptorchidism at 16 hospitals nationwide were studied regarding age at orchidopexy between 2003 and 2016...
February 16, 2018: BJU International
V Kováčik, M Maciak, P Bujdák, V Baláž, R Školka, M Rusňák
INTRODUCTION: Identifying factors effecting the quality of nephrolithiasis surgical treatment could improve medical care for patients suffering from kidney stone disease. The objective of the article is to identify factors influencing reintervention rate after surgical treatment of kidney stone disease either by percutaneous nephrolitholapaxy or flexible ureterorenoscopy. METHOD: A retrospective study was conducted on 149 patients who underwent a surgery for a kidney stone disease at the Urological department of F...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
Javier Ramos Lázaro, Alex Smithson, Neus Jovè Vidal, María Teresa Batida Vila
OBJECTIVES: Because of high rates of resistance to fluoroquinolones, ceftriaxone has become one of the main options for treating febrile urinary tract infection (FUTI). This study aimed to identify predictors of ceftriaxone resistance in community-acquired FUTIs in men. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional ambispective study enrolling men with FUTIs treated in the emergency department of a local area hospital in Spain. RESULTS: A total of 552 FUTI episodes were studied; 103 (18...
February 2018: Emergencias: revista de la Sociedad Española de Medicina de Emergencias
V Chasseigne, G Leguelinel-Blache, T L Nguyen, R de Tayrac, M Prudhomme, J M Kinowski, P Costa
BACKGROUND: The management of disposable and reusable supplies might have an impact on the cost efficiency of the Operating Room (OR). This study aimed to evaluate the cost and reasons for wasted supplies in the OR during surgical procedures. METHODS: We conducted an observational and prospective study in a French university hospital. We assessed the cost of wasted supplies in the OR (defined by opened unused devices), the reasons for the wastage, and the circulator retrievals...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Giorgio I Russo, Sebastiano Cimino, Giorgia Giranio, Federica Regis, Vincenzo Favilla, Salvatore Privitera, Fabio Motta, Rosario Caltabiano, Arnulf Stenzl, Tilman Todenhöfer, Giuseppe Morgia
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and proliferative inflammatory atrophy (PIA) in patients with suspected prostate cancer (PCa). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From June 2015 to July 2016, we conducted the FIERY (Flogosis Increased Events of pRostatic biopsY) study at the Urology section, Department of Surgery of the University of Catania (Local registration number: #131/2015). A total of 205 patients with elevated prostate-specific antigen (≥ 4 ng/ml) or clinical suspicion of PCa who underwent primary transperineal prostate biopsy were included in this cross-sectional study...
February 8, 2018: Urologic Oncology
Jean-Baptiste Beauval, Benoit Peyronnet, Thibaut Benoit, Bastien Cabarrou, Thomas Seisen, Mathieu Roumiguié, Benjamin Pradere, Zine-Eddine Khene, Quentin Manach, Gregory Verhoest, Mathieu Thoulouzan, Jerome Parra, Nicolas Doumerc, Romain Mathieu, Christophe Vaessen, Michel Soulié, Morgan Roupret, Karim Bensalah
PURPOSE: This study aimed at reporting the long-term oncological outcomes of robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS: Data from all consecutive patients who underwent RAPN for RCC from July 2009 to January 2012 in three departments of urology were prospectively collected. Overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS) and disease free-survival (DFS) were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Prognostic factors associated with CSS were sought in univariate analysis...
February 9, 2018: World Journal of Urology
Josip Samardzic, Sefik Hasukic
Objectives: Endemic nephropathy (EN) is a chronic tubulointerstitial renal disease associated with increased incidence of upper urinary tract urothelial cancer (UTUC) occurring predominantly in geographically limited areas in villages along big Danube river. Based on results obtained by the research it is confirmed that aristolochic acid is causative agent of endemic nephropathy (EN). Aim: The aim of this study was to determine characteristics of UTUC in two endemic areas and analyze trends in 5-year period...
December 2017: Medical Archives
K O Rove, M A Brockel, A F Saltzman, M I Dönmez, K E Brodie, D J Chalmers, B T Caldwell, V M Vemulakonda, D T Wilcox
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol is a set of peri-operative strategies to increase speed of recovery. ERAS is well established in adults but has not been well studied in children. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to establish the safety and efficacy of an ERAS protocol in pediatric urology patients undergoing reconstructive operations. It was hypothesized that ERAS would reduce length of stay and decrease complications when compared with historical controls...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Shinji Tsutsumi, Akihiko Murata, Yoichi Yamauchi, Kensuke Okano, Hiroshi Yokoyama, Akitoshi Kimura, Yoshiya Ishizawa, Minoru Umehara, Masashi Kato, Naoki Hashimoto, Yutaka Umehara, Shinsuke Nishikawa, Kenichi Takahashi, Takayuki Morita
A 74-year-oldwoman hadconsultedthe department of urology in our hospital because of microscopic hematuria. Cystoscopy revealeda urinary bladder tumor, suspectedas an adenocarcinoma basedon biopsy. MRI showeda cystic tumor of the appendix with vesical fistula; therefore, she underwent an operation with a diagnosis of appendiceal cancer invading the urinary bladder. During the operation, we found that the appendix sunk into the urinary bladder with right adnexa. Therefore, we performed ileocecal resection, partial resection of the urinary bladder, and right adnexectomy...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Bolesław Kuzaka, Marta M Wróblewska, Tomasz Borkowski, Dariusz Kawecki, Piotr Kuzaka, Grażyna Młynarczyk, Piotr Radziszewski
BACKGROUND Fournier's gangrene (FG) is a fulminant form of infective, polymicrobial, necrotizing fasciitis of the perineal, genital, and perianal regions. It commonly affects men, but women and children may also develop this type of tissue necrosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS This study is a retrospective analysis of the management of 13 cases of Fournier's gangrene, diagnosed from among about 45 000 patients (men, women, and children) treated in the Department of General, Oncological, and Functional Urology (Medical University of Warsaw) from 1995 to 2013...
January 28, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
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