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The department of urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788547/premenopausal-women-with-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-have-lower-quality-of-life
#1
Siobhan S Ennis, Huifang Guo, Lata Raman, Paul A Tambyah, Swaine L Chen, Ho Yee Tiong
OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact on quality of life of recurrent acute uncomplicated urinary tract infection among premenopausal Singaporean women, and to determine the risk factors for lower quality of life among these patients. METHODS: A total of 85 patients with recurrent acute uncomplicated urinary tract infection who were referred to the Urology Department at the National University Hospital, Singapore, were prospectively recruited over a 3-year period to complete the validated Short Form 36 Health Survey version 1...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779678/spontaneous-perirenal-hemorrhage-wunderlich-syndrome-an-analysis-of-28-cases
#2
Jong Wook Kim, Jung Youn Kim, Sun Tae Ahn, Tae Yong Park, Mi Mi Oh, Du Geon Moon, Hong Seok Park
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to analyze the characteristics, etiology, and treatment of a series of patients with spontaneous perirenal hemorrhage (Wunderlich syndrome [WS]). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 26 patients hospitalized for WS in a tertiary urological center between 2011 and 2018. All patients were evaluated for perirenal hemorrhage observed on computed tomography (CT) in the emergency department. Clinical variables (age, underlying diseases, symptoms, shock, and hospitalization period), laboratory test results, and radiological and pathological results were reviewed...
April 21, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779316/-the-necessity-of-artificial-kidney-seeper-in-the-ultrasonography-guided-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-a-randomized-controlled-study
#3
J J Ye, Y Yang, H J Zhang, Y C Zheng, Y Pan, H Xie
Objective: To investigate the necessity of artificial kidney seeper which made through inserting a ureteral tube in the ureter to the ultrasonography-guided percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Methods: This was a randomized prospective study. Patients who conformed to the inclusion and exclusion criteria were enrolled at Department of Urology, Frist Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from January 2016 to May 2017. Totally 291 patients were included in the study. Patients were randomly assigned into two groups (artificial kidney seeper group and non-artificial kidney seeper group) in different kidney seeper level (5 to <10 mm, 10 to 20 mm) respectively...
May 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775451/-recurrent-urolithiasis-as-a-symptom-of-primary-hyperparathyroidism-in-a-16-year-old-boy
#4
Monika Wojciechowska, Beata Bieniaś, Aleksandra Sobieszczańska-Droździel, Anna Wieczorkiewicz-Płaza, Iwona Beń-Skowronek, Przemysław Sikora
Primary hyperparathyroidism is one of the most common endocrine diseases, however, it is rare in children. In most cases, it is caused by adenoma of these organs. Its most common complications include urolithiasis, nephrocalcinosis and osteoporosis. CASE REPORT: A 16-year-old patient was admitted to our Clinic because of his first-ever renal colic. The ultrasound examination revealed rightsided hydronephrosis caused by the presence of 9 mm stone in the upper part of the right ureter. In addition, the presence of 8 mm stone in the middle calyx of the left kidney was found...
April 23, 2018: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770771/the-usefulness-of-agent-emission-imaging-high-mechanical-index-ultrasound-mode-in-the-diagnosis-of-urolithiasis-a-prospective-preliminary-study
#5
Artur Salmaslıoğlu, Mesut Bulakçı, Barış Bakır, Ravza Yılmaz, Yunus Emre Akpınar, Tzevat Tefik, Öner Şanlı, Sevda Özel, Bülent Acunas
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of agent emission imaging - high mechanical index (AEI-High MI) mode ultrasonography (US) compared with gray-scale and color Doppler US, alone or in combination, for the diagnosis of urolithiasis with reference to unenhanced computed tomography (CT). METHODS: This prospective study included 72 consecutive patients (40 males, 32 females; mean age, 45.9±14.7 years) referred by the department of urology for acute or elective symptoms of urolithiasis and confirmed to have urinary calculi on unenhanced abdominal CT, between January 2015 and June 2015...
May 2018: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769505/efficacy-of-0-5-hyperbaric-bupivacaine-with-dexamethasone-versus-0-5-hyperbaric-bupivacaine-alone-in-spinal-anaesthesia-for-patient-undergoing-lower-abdominal-urological-and-lower-limb-orthopedic-surgeries
#6
M M Haque, M A Aleem, F H Haque, A B Siddique, R Afrose
Spinal anaesthesia with local anaesthetics has limited duration. Different additives have been used to prolong spinal anaesthesia. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of adding dexamethasone to bupivacaine in spinal anaesthesia specially whether it would prolong the duration of sensory block/ surgical analgesia and post-operative analgesia/pain free period or not. This randomized, prospective, double-blind, clinical study was conducted in the Department of Anaesthesia, Analgesia and Critical Care of Combined Military Hospital, Chittagong from October 2016 to August 2017...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769488/plasma-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-pngal-level-to-identify-aki-early-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-valve-surgery
#7
O F Miah, D K Roy, A A Chowdhury, K S Alam, M B Alam, M R Anwar, F A Dowel, A Latif, A N Hai, M A Mahmud, M A Razzak, T Ahammod, S U Ahammed, H Mahmud, R S Paul
Cardiac valve surgery is considered one of the most frequent surgical procedures in which AKI is a common & serious complication. Although serum creatinine is routinely used as a marker of renal function, it poorly reflects the immediate post operative period renal function. Within minutes to few hours after a renal insult, plasma neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin (pNGAL) is released. The aim of this study was to assess the superiority of pNGAL over serum creatinine in detecting AKI in early post operative period...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768132/post-operative-infections-among-patients-undergoing-radical-cystectomy-at-a-tertiary-center
#8
Krystian Kaczmarek, Artur Lemiński, Aleksandra Bańcarz, Alicja Zakrzewska, Marcin Słojewski
BACKGROUND: Post-operative infection after radical cystectomy is a common complication. It is essential to identify modifiable risk factors that can predict post-operative infection to reduce the incidence of infection after radical cystectomy. We investigated the incidence of post-operative infection, associated pathogens, and risk factors for post-operative infection after radical cystectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent radical cystectomy for bladder cancer in a single urologic department from 2014 to 2016 were included...
May 2018: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759881/spanish-urological-schools-1880-1970
#9
M Pérez-Albacete
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: We researched the start of urological specialisation in Spain, from the end of the 19th century to the institution of the education system (resident medical intern) to learn about the centres and individuals who created the urological teaching units and training schools in which the first Spanish urologists specialised their training. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We extracted the references from books on the history of urology, from periodic urological publications and from the posters on history submitted to the congresses of the Spanish Urological Association and filled in the data and dates with the Historical Dictionary of Spanish Urologists...
May 11, 2018: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753570/xanthogranulomatous-pyelonephritis-a-complicated-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-detected-by-point-of-care-ultrasound-in-the-emergency-department
#10
Ryan Gibbons, Nicole Leonard, Mark Magee, Allison Zanaboni, Jessica Patterson, Thomas Costantino
BACKGROUND: Febrile urinary tract infections (UTIs) include a spectrum of pathologies from uncomplicated pyelonephritis to urosepsis, including xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP). Most febrile UTIs are treated with antibiotics alone, but studies indicate nearly 12% of cases of presumed simple pyelonephritis require emergent urologic intervention. How to identify these individuals, while limiting unnecessary advanced imaging and delays in diagnosis, challenges all emergency providers...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744665/effect-of-spinal-anterior-root-stimulation-and-sacral-deafferentation-on-bladder-and-sexual-dysfunction-in-spinal-cord-injury
#11
Hamed Zaer, Mikkel Mylius Rasmussen, Franko Zepke, Charlotte Bodin, Burkhard Domurath, Johannes Kutzenberger
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a highly devastating injury with a variety of complications; among them are neurogenic bladder, bowel, and sexual dysfunction. We aimed to evaluate the effect of sacral anterior root stimulation with sacral deafferentation (SARS-SDAF) on neurogenic bladder and sexual dysfunction in a large well-defined spinal cord injury cohort. METHODS: In the manner of cross-sectional study, subjects undergone SARS-SDAF between September 1986 and July 2011 answered a questionnaire concerning conditions before and after surgery in the department of Neuro-Urology, Bad Wildungen, Germany...
May 10, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741534/a-brief-look-at-the-history-of-the-deaconess-hospital-edinburgh-1894-1990
#12
E R McNeill, D Wright, A K Demetriades
The Deaconess Hospital, Edinburgh, opened in 1894 and was the first establishment of its kind in the UK, maintained and wholly funded as it was by the Reformed Church. Through its 96-year lifetime it changed and evolved to time and circumstance. It was a school: for the training of nurses and deaconesses who took their practical skills all over the world. It was a sanctum: for the sick-poor before the NHS. It was a subsidiary: for the bigger hospitals of Edinburgh after amalgamation into the NHS. It was a specialised centre: as the Urology Department in Edinburgh and the Scottish Lithotripter centre...
March 2018: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737199/steep-infundibulopelvic-angle-ipa-as-a-new-risk-factor-for-flexible-ureteroscope-damage-and-complicated-postoperative-course
#13
Tomasz Ozimek, Jens Cordes, Judith Riccarda Wiessmeyer, Michael Heribert Schneider, Marie Christine Hupe, Nils Gilbert, Axel Stuart Merseburger, Mario Wolfgang Kramer
OBJECTIVE: The increasing number of flexible ureteroscopy (fURS) procedures, the fragility of devices and their growing repair costs represent a substantial burden for urological departments worldwide. No risk factors of flexible ureteroscope damage have been identified so far. The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of infundibulopelvic angle (IPA) on device damage and on other intra- and postoperative factors such as length of hospital stay (LOS), surgical complications, stone-free rate (SFR), operation and fluoroscopy time...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732212/diagnostic-agreement-of-the-3-incontinence-questionnaire-to-video-urodynamics-findings-in-women-with-urinary-incontinence-department-of-urology-frimley-health-nhs-foundation-trust-wexham-park-hospital-slough-berkshire-united-kingdom
#14
Muhammad Jamal Khan, Mohammad Ali Omar, Marc Laniado
Introduction: There are limited studies evaluating the 3 Incontinence Questionnaire (3IQ) against urodynamics based diagnosis as a reference standard. The 3IQ has been proposed to be useful to evaluate women at the level of primary care. The aim of this study was to determine correlation between 3IQ and video-urodynamics (VUDS) in diagnosing types of urinary incontinence. Material and methods: Prospective data was collected on 200 consecutive female patients referred by primary care physicians for urinary incontinence...
2018: Central European Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723459/-clinicopathological-features-of-primary-seminal-vesicle-adenocarcinoma-a-report-of-4-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Jia-Ning Guo, Hui Li, Zhan-Dong Hu, En-Li Liang, Ji-Wu Chang
Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment of primary seminal vesicle adenocarcinoma (SVAC). METHODS: We analyzed the clinical data and clinicopathological characteristics of 4 cases of primary SVAC treated in the Department of Urology of the Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University and reviewed relevant literature. RESULTS: All the 4 patients were treated by open radical resection of the seminal vesicle and prostate and pathologically diagnosed with SVAC...
July 2017: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719326/prospective-study-to-evaluate-the-clinical-outcome-of-intralesional-interferon-%C3%AE-2b-in-the-management-of-peyronie-s-disease
#16
Ashok Kumar Sokhal, Nilesh Kumar Jain, Ankur Jhanwar, Kawaljit Singh, Durgesh Kumar Saini
Context: Interferon (IFN)-α2b in Peyronie's disease (PD). Aims: This study aims to evaluate clinical efficacy of the IFN-α2b in both subjective and objective manner for the treatment of PD and compared with previously used intralesional verapamil in terms of cost-benefit analysis. Settings and Design: Prospective study. Materials and Methods: A prospective study conducted from January 2013 to July 2016 in the Department of Urology, Government Medical College, Kota, Rajasthan, India...
April 2018: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719324/increased-burden-on-metropolitan-urological-services-the-era-of-the-australian-national-emergency-access-targets-neat-or-the-4-h-target
#17
Marlon L Perera, Neiraja Gnaneswaran, Matthew J Roberts, Nathan Lawrentschuk, Peter Ritchie, Steven T F Chan
Background: The National Emergency Access Targets (NEAT) was introduced in Australia in 2011 and guides the clearance of presentations within 4-h of initial presentation from the Emergency Department (ED). We aim to assess the impact of the introduction of NEAT on acute urological services at a large metropolitan center. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed and data were collected from electronic patient management systems. The control group was represented by ED presentations between June and September 2011, 1 year prior to the introduction of NEAT...
April 2018: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690968/relationship-of-low-temperature-with-testicular-torsion
#18
Musa Ekici, Berat Cem Ozgur, Aykut Bugra Senturk, Ismail Nalbant
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is a correlation between seasonal temperature change and frequency of testicular torsion. STUDY DESIGN: An observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Departments of Urology, Hitit University Corum Training and Research Hospital, Corum and Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Turkey, from June 2005 to December 2014. METHODOLOGY: Patients who had been diagnosed with testicular torsion and operated in the last 10 years were retrospectively reached through the hospital records...
May 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685610/review-of-the-evidence-on-handling-drugs-and-hazardous-products-in-urology-departments-consensus-document-between-the-spanish-urological-association-and-the-spanish-society-of-hospital-pharmacy
#19
M Unda-Urzaiz, J M Alonso-Herreros, J M Fernandez-Gomez, M Gaspar-Carreño, J M Cozar-Olmos, A C Cercós Lleti
BACKGROUND: The intravesical administration of hazardous drug products is a standard practice in the urology setting, which potentially exposing medical personnel to these drug products. It was deemed necessary to have a consensus document among the scientific societies involved (the Spanish Urological Association and the Spanish Society of Hospital Pharmacy) that collects the best available evidence on the safest handling possible of dangerous drug products in the setting of urology departments...
April 20, 2018: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681956/congenital-cystic-adenomatoid-malformation-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-procedure-8-year-experience-of-one-medical-centre
#20
Bogumiła Strumiłło, Andrzej Jóźwiak, Anna Pałka, Krzysztof Szaflik, Anna Piaseczna-Piotrowska
Introduction: Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) is a rare anomaly. The mechanisms and the time at which the abnormality develops are still unclear. The malformation is characterized by the presence of single large or multiple but smaller cysts. Aim: To present the experience of our medical centre, the Polish Mother's Memorial Hospital - Research Institute. Material and methods: We analysed the medical records of 32 neonates hospitalized in 2008-2017 at the Department of Paediatric Surgery and Urology ICZMP due to pre- or postnatally diagnosed congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation...
March 2018: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
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