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The department of urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343039/-development-of-a-chinese-nomogram-based-on-muti-parametric-magnetic-resonance-for-predicting-the-probability-of-prostate-cancer-in-patients-after-initial-negative-biopsy
#1
C Huang, G J Ji, G Song, H Wang, Y K Chen, L Q Zhou
Objective: To develop a predictive nomogram based on multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) information to identify men more likely to have a cancer diagnosed on repeat prostate biopsy. Methods: The clinical data of 237 patients who received repeat prostate biopsy after initial negative biopsy from Department of Urology of Peking University First Hospital between January 2001 and August 2016 was reviewed. Patient age, body mass index (BMI), serum total prostate-specific antigen (PSA), percent free PSA (f/t), prostate volume (PV), PSA density (PSAD), PSA velocity (PSAV), digital rectal examination (DRE), transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)and mpMRI results were included in the univariate and multivariate analysis...
January 9, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342466/deep-vein-thrombosis-a-rare-cause-of-acute-testicular-pain-case-report-literature-review
#2
Adrián Amador Robayna, Jonathan Rodríguez Talavera, Begoña Ballesta Martínez, Javier Falcón Barroso, Almudena Carrión Valencia, Nuria Orribo Morales, Melania Santacruz Pérez, Jesús Monllor Gisbert
INTRODUCTION: Thrombosis is defined as the formation of a clot in a blood vessel that obstructs the flow of blood to the peripheral tissues. The incidence of thromboembolic disease ranges from 0.7 to 1.2% within urology. CASE REPORT: A 40-year-old warehouse worker male presented to the emergency department with worsening of a month's lasting scrotal pain. Physical examination showed the presence of an enlarged and painful left testicle with no other findings. Right testicle, penis and abdominal examination showed no abnormalities whatsoever...
January 17, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337127/-epidemiology-of-emergency-consultations-for-acute-urine-retention
#3
J Gas, A Liaigre-Ramos, J B Beauval, M Roumiguié, V Tostivint, P-M Patard, E Huyghe, M Soulié, S Charpentier, X Gamé
INTRODUCTION: Acute urinary retention (AUR) is a common reason for emergency consultation. It may be spontaneous or precipitated and affects both men and women. The purpose of this study was to determine the profile of men visiting emergency departments for an AUR. MATERIEL AND METHODS: A retrospective monocentric study including all men who consulted the emergency department between January 2014 and December 2016 for AUR was conducted. RESULTS: In 3 years, 731 patients were admitted for AUR (611 men and 120 women)...
January 11, 2018: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336523/quadratus-lumborum-block-in-management-of-severe-pain-after-uterine-artery-embolization
#4
B Ben-David, Z Kaligozhin, D Viderman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The quadratus lumborum (QL) block has been widely used for acute postoperative pain management after numerous surgical procedures including urological, abdominal, gynaecological and orthopaedic surgical procedures. The local anaesthetic spread in this area can provide unilateral sensory block in T6-L2 dermatomes. We performed bilateral quadratus lumborum block for the management of acute pain after the uterine artery embolization (UAE). METHODS: A 43-year-old woman was admitted to the gynaecology department of Mother and Child Hospital, University Medical Center, for uterine artery embolization...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336343/-on-line-learning-in-urologic-surgery-the-value-of-the-2-0-web-tools
#5
Ignacio T Castillón Vela
The field of Surgery is under the pressure of accelerated change where technological cycles get shorter and shorter, sometimes transformational. Learning and training have gotten a key role because learning curves for new techniques directly affect patient's safety and learning cycles are slower. The traditional learning model within the urology department is overwhelmed. We need new training and learning methods. The aim of this article is to perform a critical analysis of the current status of learning in urological surgery and the challenges we face, evaluating how new information and communication technologies can help us to facilitate the learning process...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321550/evaluating-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rates-of-creatinine-and-cystatin-c-for-male-patients-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#6
Takuro Goto, Yoshihide Kawasaki, Jun Takemoto, Yuko Abe, Takashige Namima
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study OBJECTIVES: To compare the accuracy of estimated serum creatinine (Cre)-based glomerular filtration rates (eGFRcre) and serum cystatin C (CysC)-based eGFR (eGFRcys) for determining renal function in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Department of Urology, Tohoku Rosai Hospital, Japan METHODS: Male patients with SCI for longer than 5 years after injury were eligible for inclusion in this study. eGFRcre and eGFRcys were calculated using the following formulas: eGFRcre = 194 × Cre-1...
January 10, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306265/factors-affecting-the-urologist-s-decision-to-administer-ureteral-stone-therapy-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Mun Ki Min, Ji Ho Ryu, Yong In Kim, Maeng Real Park, Seok Ran Yeom, Sang Kyoon Han, Seong Wook Park
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the factors influencing treatment option selection among urologists for patients with ureteral stones, according to the stone diameter and location. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 360 consecutive patients who, between January 2009 and June 2014, presented to the emergency department with renal colic and were eventually diagnosed with urinary stones via computed tomography. The maximal horizontal and longitudinal diameter and location of the stones were investigated...
December 2017: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304872/varicocele-due-to-renal-arteriovenous-malformation-mimicking-a-renal-tumor-a-case-report
#8
Peng-Chao Li, Jia-Yi Zhang, Yan-Yan Xiu, Sheng Liu, Jin-Guo Xia, Hai-Bin Shi, Ning-Hong Song
BACKGROUND: Renal arteriovenous malformation is an aberrant vascular connection between the renal artery and vein. Acquired renal arteriovenous malformation (arteriovenous fistulae) accounts for approximately 70% of renal arteriovenous abnormalities. Congenital renal arteriovenous malformation, relatively rare, can result in significant hematuria which may require arterial embolization or nephrectomy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 64-year-old Asian man presented to the Urology department in our hospital with gradual left scrotal swelling for 2 years...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304768/long-term-lactobacillus-rhamnosus-bmx-54-application-to-restore-a-balanced-vaginal-ecosystem-a-promising-solution-against-hpv-infection
#9
Ettore Palma, Nadia Recine, Lavinia Domenici, Margherita Giorgini, Alessandra Pierangeli, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici
BACKGROUND: Over recent years, a growing interest has developed in microbiota and in the concept of maintaining a special balance between Lactobacillus and other bacteria species in order to promote women's well-being. The aim of our study was to confirm that vaginal Lactobacilli long-lasting implementation in women with HPV-infections and concomitant bacterial vaginosis or vaginitis might be able to help in solving the viral infection, by re-establishing the original eubiosis. METHODS: A total of 117 women affected by bacterial vaginosis or vaginitis with concomitant HPV-infections were enrolled at Department of Gynecological Obstetrics and Urological Sciences, La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy between February 2015 and March 2016...
January 5, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279591/transperineal-template-guided-prostate-saturation-biopsies-in-men-with-suspicion-of-prostate-cancer-a-pilot-study-from-pakistan
#10
K Mehmood, M Mubarak, M Dhar, M Rafi, J Kinsella
Traditionally, transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsies are done for the diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa) in Pakistan. The transperineal template-guided saturation biopsy (TTSB) approach has been recently introduced in Pakistan and we share diagnostic yields and pathological findings of specimens taken for PCa diagnosis in men with elevated serum total prostate specific antigen (PSA) and negative TRUS-guided prostate biopsies. In all, 16 patients investigated at the Department of Urology, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT), underwent TTSB...
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276387/delirium-in-hemodialysis-predicts-mortality-a-single-center-long-term-observational-study
#11
Norio Yasui-Furukori, Natsumi Tarakita, Waka Uematsu, Hisao Saito, Kazuhiko Nakamura, Chikara Ohyama, Norio Sugawara
Objectives: Delirium signifies underlying brain dysfunction; however, its clinical significance in hemodialysis remains unclear. In this study, we sought to determine whether the occurrence of delirium during hemodialysis was associated with higher mortality. Patients and methods: This was a retrospective, 10-year cohort study. This study was performed at the urology department located within a hospital in Oyokyo, Hirosaki. We analyzed 338 of 751 patients who underwent hemodialysis...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226828/cancer-mortality-in-the-urological-department-of-the-sylvanus-olympio-teaching-hospital-in-lome-togo
#12
E V Sewa, K Tengue, M T Kpatcha, G Botcho, K H Sikpa, E Leloua, T Anoukoum, E D Dosseh
To determine the proportion of cancer mortality seen in the urology department of a teaching hospital in sub-Saharan Africa and to identify the contributing factors. This 10-year retrospective study took place in the urology department of the Sylvanus Olympio Teaching Hospital of Lomé (Togo) and analyzed the records of patients who died of cancer from January 2006 through December 2015. During the study period, 94 deaths were recorded in the department, 84% of them due to a urological cancer. The mean age of patients was 62 years,- and there was a significant male predominance with a sex ratio of 4...
December 11, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224271/-clinical-features-and-prognosis-of-rare-subtypes-of-renal-cell-carcinoma
#13
C M Ding, X S Li, C J Zhang, K W Yang, D Peng, J H Yang, Z Jia, C G Xi, Z S He, L Q Zhou
Objective: To investigate the clinical features and prognosis of rare subtypes of renal cell carcinoma. Methods: This retrospective study collected the data of 52 rare subtypes of renal cell carcinoma of patients who underwent surgery from January 2002 to December 2014 at Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital. There were 12 patients with collecting duct carcinoma, 5 patients with Xp11.2 translocation renal cell carcinoma, 5 patients with mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma, 30 patients with unclassified renal cell carcinoma...
December 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217353/policy-on-posthumous-sperm-retrieval-survey-of-75-major-academic-medical-centers
#14
Nicholas J Waler, Raul I Clavijo, Nancy L Brackett, Charles M Lynne, Ranjith Ramasamy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence and content of policies on posthumous sperm retrieval at 75 major academic medical centers in the U.S. METHODS: We surveyed the top 75 major academic medical centers ranked for research in 2016 by U.S. News & World Report using a questionnaire based telephone/web survey. We gathered data on the presence and content of posthumous sperm retrieval policies on the internet. If not published, we contacted the legal counsel, the ethics and compliance offices, the Urology Department, as well as the infertility treatment center associated with each institution...
December 4, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212367/assessment-of-patient-and-surgical-variables-including-residency-training-level-on-adverse-events-after-ureteroscopy-for-ureteral-stones-a-multivariate-analysis
#15
Carrie Johans, Woodson Smelser, Chelsea DeRoche, Jack Campbell, James Cummings
Purpose With advances in technology, ureteroscopy is increasingly utilized for the management of urolithiasis. Previous studies have attempted to characterize the post-operative complication and readmission rates relative to the technical difficulty of the procedure. There is limited data exploring resident level of training and its effect on adverse outcomes in these cases. We review our experience with ureteroscopy to create a model to predict factors, including resident experience,that affect rates of post-operative complications Materials and Methods We reviewed ureteroscopies performed at our academic facility from January 2009 to December 2013...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198655/clinical-and-pathological-analyses-of-cases-of-acute-vascular-rejection-after-kidney-transplantation
#16
T Shimizu, H Ishida, N Hayakawa, R Shibahara, K Tanabe
BACKGROUND: We performed a clinical and pathological analysis of cases of acute vascular rejection (AVR), characterized by intimal arteritis and transmural arteritis (Banff v score) after kidney transplantation, in an attempt to clarify the mechanisms underlying the development and prognostic significance of AVR. METHODS: AVR (Banff score: v >0) was diagnosed in 31 renal allograft biopsy specimens (BS) obtained from 31 renal transplant patients receiving follow-up care at the Department of Urology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, between January 2010 and April 2016...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196816/extended-nursing-for-the-recovery-of-urinary-functions-and-quality-of-life-after-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Chunxia Wang, Zhen Song, Siheng Li, Sheng Tai
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work is to explore the effects of continuing nursing care intervention on postoperative urinary control and quality of life among patients with prostate cancer. METHODS: This was a single-center, parallel, and randomized controlled trial that was carried out at the Department of Urology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, China. The participants underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP) between October 2014 and April 2016...
December 1, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194902/metastatic-prostate-cancer-incidence-in-australia-after-amendment-to-prostate-specific-antigen-screening-guidelines
#18
Sabin Smith, Philippe Wolanski
BACKGROUND: To compare the incidence of newly diagnosed metastatic prostate cancer at an Australian facility pre- and post-publication of the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) guidelines and subsequent amendment of the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners Preventive Activities in General Practice guidelines. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was undertaken by patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer following transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy between 2009 and 2014...
November 30, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188203/comparison-of-visual-prostate-symptom-score-and-international-prostate-symptom-score-in-the-evaluation-of-men-with-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-a-prospective-study-from-an-indian-population
#19
Yogesh Taneja, Priyatama Ram, Satish Kumar, Kishan Raj, Charan K Singh, Santosh K Dhaked, Jiten Jaipuria
Background: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTSs) due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are common conditions in middle-age or older men. The International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) is a useful and validated questionnaire to evaluate LUTS secondary to BPH. Van der Walt et al have developed an alternative questionnaire named the Visual Prostate Symptom Score (VPSS) questionnaire. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between the VPSS and IPSS in the evaluation of men with LUTSs due to BPH in an Indian population...
December 2017: Prostate International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180024/impact-of-home-health-care-on-healthcare-resource-utilization-following-hospital-discharge-a-cohort-study
#20
Roy Xiao, Jacob A Miller, William J Zafirau, Eiran Z Gorodeski, James B Young
BACKGROUND: As healthcare costs rise, home health care represents an opportunity to reduce preventable adverse events and costs following hospital discharge. No studies have invesxtigated the utility of home health care within the context of a large and diverse patient population. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted between 1/1/2013 and 6/30/2015 at a single tertiary care institution to assess healthcare utilization and costs after discharge with home health care...
November 24, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
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