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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143074/-additional-emergency-medical-measures-in-trauma-associated-cardiac-arrest
#1
B Ondruschka, C Baier, J Dreßler, A Höch, M Bernhard, C Kleber, C Buschmann
INTRODUCTION: More than half of all traumatic deaths happen in prehospital settings. Until now, there have been no long-term studies examining the actual additive treatment during trauma-associated cardiopulmonary resuscitation (tCPR), including pleural decompression, pericardiocentesis, tourniquets and external stabilization of the pelvis. The present cohort study evaluated forensic autopsy reports of trauma deaths occurring at the scene with respect to additive actions in preclinical tCPR as well as the potentially preventable nature of the individual death cases...
November 15, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142478/chronic-opioids-in-gastroparesis-relationship-with-gastrointestinal-symptoms-healthcare-utilization-and-employment
#2
Asad Jehangir, Henry P Parkman
AIM: To examine the relationship of chronic scheduled opioid use on symptoms, healthcare utilization and employment in gastroparesis (Gp) patients. METHODS: Patients referred to our tertiary care academic center from May 2016 to July 2017, with established diagnosis or symptoms suggestive of Gp filled out the Patient Assessment of Upper GI Symptoms, abdominal pain and demographics questionnaires, and underwent gastric emptying and blood tests. They were asked about taking pain medicines and the types, doses, and duration...
October 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126529/correction-to-text-in-giants-in-chest-medicine-steven-e-weinberger-md-fccp
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122806/diagnostic-utility-of-appetite-loss-in-addition-to-existing-prediction-models-for-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-the-elderly-a-prospective-diagnostic-study-in-acute-care-hospitals-in-japan
#4
Toshihiko Takada, Yosuke Yamamoto, Kazuhiko Terada, Mitsuyasu Ohta, Wakako Mikami, Hajime Yokota, Michio Hayashi, Jun Miyashita, Teruhisa Azuma, Shingo Fukuma, Shunichi Fukuhara
OBJECTIVE: Diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in the elderly is often delayed because of atypical presentation and non-specific symptoms, such as appetite loss, falls and disturbance in consciousness. The aim of this study was to investigate the external validity of existing prediction models and the added value of the non-specific symptoms for the diagnosis of CAP in elderly patients. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: General medicine departments of three teaching hospitals in Japan...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110698/impact-of-radiographer-immediate-reporting-of-chest-x-rays-from-general-practice-on-the-lung-cancer-pathway-radiox-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-control-trial
#5
Nick Woznitza, Anand Devaraj, Samuel M Janes, Stephen W Duffy, Angshu Bhowmik, Susan Rowe, Keith Piper, Sue Maughn, David R Baldwin
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic capacity and suboptimal logistics are consistently identified as barriers to timely diagnosis of cancer, especially lung cancer. Immediate chest X-ray (CXR) reporting for patients referred from general practice is advocated in the National Optimal Lung Cancer Pathway to improve time to diagnosis of lung cancer and to reduce inappropriate urgent respiratory medicine referral for suspected cancer (2WW) referrals. The aim of radioX is to examine the impact of immediate reporting by radiographers of CXRs requested by general practice (GP) on lung cancer patient pathways...
November 6, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105024/objective-and-subjective-financial-burden-and-its-associations-with-health-related-quality-of-life-among-lung-cancer-patients
#6
Jieling Elaine Chen, Vivian Weiqun Lou, Hong Jian, Zhen Zhou, Meiqiong Yan, Jingfen Zhu, Guohong Li, Yaping He
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of financial burden, using objective and subjective indicators, on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in lung cancer patients. METHOD: A total of 227 patients diagnosed with lung cancer (from the inpatient unit of the department of internal medicine-chest oncology, in Shanghai Chest Hospital, China) participated in the study. Financial information was measured by direct medical costs, direct nonmedical costs, healthcare-cost-to-income ratio, and perceived financial difficulty...
November 6, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101436/anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-associated-with-breast-implants-a-case-report-of-a-transgender-female
#7
Matej Patzelt, Lucie Zarubova, Pavel Klener, Josef Barta, Kamila Benkova, Adrianna Brandejsova, Marek Trneny, Robert Gürlich, Andrej Sukop
Breast implant-associated anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is a rare peripheral T cell lymphoma. BIA-ALCL is a disease of the fibrous capsule surrounding the implant and occurs in patients after both breast reconstruction and augmentation. More than 300 cases have been reported so far, including two in a transgender patient. Here we describe BIA-ALCL presented with a mass in a transgender patient and the first case of BIA-ALCL in the Czech Republic. In 2007, a 33-year-old transgender male to female underwent bilateral breast augmentation as a part of his transformation to female...
November 3, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100065/toward-noninvasive-monitoring-of-ongoing-electrical-activity-of-human-uterus-and-fetal-heart-and-brain
#8
S Lew, M S Hämäläinen, Y Okada
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a full-coverage fetal-maternal scanner can noninvasively monitor ongoing electrophysiological activity of maternal and fetal organs. METHODS: A simulation study was carried out for a scanner with an array of magnetic field sensors placed all around the torso from the chest to the hip within a horizontal magnetic shielding enclosure. The magnetic fields from internal organs and an external noise source were computed for a pregnant woman with a 35-week old fetus...
September 19, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098342/preoperative-evaluation-of-adult-patients-before-elective-noncardiothoracic-surgery-joint-recommendation-of-the-german-society-of-anesthesiology-and-intensive-care-medicine-the-german-society-of-surgery-and-the-german-society-of-internal-medicine
#9
REVIEW
B Zwissler
Evaluation of the patient's medical history and a physical examination are the cornerstones of risk assessment prior to elective surgery, and may help to optimize the patient's preoperative medical condition and guide perioperative management. Whether performance of additional technical tests (e. g., blood chemistry, electrocardiography, spirometry, chest x‑ray) can contribute to reduction of the perioperative risk is often not well known or controversial. Similarly, there is considerable uncertainty among anesthesiologists, internists, and surgeons with respect to perioperative management of the patient's long-term medication...
November 2, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089833/practice-pattern-of-transthoracic-needle-biopsy-2016-survey-in-the-members-of-korean-society-of-thoracic-radiology
#10
Yeseul Jo, Dae Hee Han, Kyongmin Sarah Beck, Jai Soung Park, Tae Jung Kim
OBJECTIVE: To assess the current practice patterns of radiologists who perform transthoracic needle biopsy (TNB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: An email survey of 71 questions on TNB was sent to 240 members of the Korean Society of Thoracic Radiology. The answers to multiple-choice questions (n = 56) were analyzed. RESULTS: Of 60 respondents, 45% had 10 or more years of experience in chest radiology, and 70% had 5 or more years of experience in TNB...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078648/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-and-open-chest-surgery-in-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-malignant-pleural-diseases
#11
REVIEW
Periklis Perikleous, David A Waller
Parenchymal cancers of lung, breast, gastrointestinal tract and ovaries as well as lymphomas and mesotheliomas are among the most common cancer types causing malignant effusions, though almost all tumour types have been reported to cause a malignant effusion. The prognosis heavily depends on patients' response to systemic therapy however, regardless of the causing pathology and histopathologic form, malignant pleural disease is normally associated with a poor prognosis. To date, there are not sufficient data to allow accurate predictions of survival that would facilitate decision making for managing patients with malignant pleural diseases...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066468/choosing-wisely-campaign-report-card-and-achievable-benchmarks-of-care-for-children-s-hospitals
#12
Mario Reyes, Evan Paulus, Carla Hronek, Veronica Etinger, Matt Hall, Joyee Vachani, Jennifer Lusk, Christopher Emerson, Patty Huddleson, Ricardo A Quinonez
OBJECTIVES: In 2013, the Society of Hospital Medicine (SHM) released 5 pediatric recommendations for the Choosing Wisely Campaign (CWC). Our goals were to develop a report card on the basis of those recommendations, calculate achievable benchmarks of care (ABCs), and analyze performance among hospitals participating in the Pediatric Health Information System. METHODS: Children hospitalized between January 2013 and September 2015 from 32 Pediatric Health Information System hospitals were studied...
October 24, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062623/a-complicated-case-of-group-b-streptococcus-empyema-necessitans
#13
Kevin G Buell, Saira Ajmal, Jennifer A Whitaker
Empyema necessitans is a complication of a pleural space infection that dissects through the pleura into the soft tissues of the chest and skin. Due to the widespread availability of antibiotics, empyema necessitans is rare in modern medicine and is most commonly caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. A 38-year-old immunocompetent male presented with left shoulder pain and his chest radiograph revealed a mass in the upper left lung and/or pleural space. He underwent multiple debridements of the chest wall due to a left chest wall abscess and empyema necessitans...
August 22, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062481/surgical-and-nonsurgical-outcomes-for-treating-a-cohort-of-empyema-thoracis-patients-a-monocenteric-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
Mohsen Sokouti, Morteza Ghojazadeh, Massoud Sokouti, Babak Sokouti
BACKGROUND: There are several studies reporting high success rates for surgical and nonsurgical treatments of empyema separately. The aim of current retrospective cohort study is to find the best treatment in low socio-economic areas. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 149 patients were treated in the referring hospital from January 2002 to December 2008. The current retrospective cohort study was carried out by nonsurgical (medically & thoracenthesis & chest tube drainage with or without fibrinolytic agents) and surgical (VATS &open thoracotomy decortication methods) procedures in single center performed in thoracic and respiratory medicine wards...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056392/resuscitation-quality-of-rotating-chest-compression-providers-at-one-minute-vs-two-minute-intervals-a-mannequin-study
#15
D Kılıç, E Göksu, T Kılıç, C S Buyurgan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized cross-over study was to compare one-minute and two-minute continuous chest compressions in terms of chest compression only CPR quality metrics on a mannequin model in the ED. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six emergency medicine residents participated in this study. In the 1-minute group, there was no statistically significant difference in the mean compression rate (p=0.83), mean compression depth (p=0.61), good compressions (p=0...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049005/beliefs-attitudes-and-activities-of-healthcare-personnel-about-influenza-and-pneumococcal-vaccines
#16
Fatma Çiftci, Elif Şen, Nalan Demir, Orçun Çiftci, Serhat Erol, Oya Kayacan
OBJECTIVES: Vaccination of healthcare personnel (HCP) is an effective measure for preventing the spread of influenza among at-risk patients. This study was conducted to determine influenza vaccination rates and activities among HCP working at a tertiary healthcare setting. METHODS: This study included 470 HCP (85 physicians, 134 nurses, 53 healthcare assistants, 44 paramedics, 47 medical secretaries, and 107 auxillary staff members) working at the emergency, cardiology, chest diseases, and internal medicine departments with the largest volume of patients with vaccination indication of two large university hospitals with similar medical practices and work environment...
October 19, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035980/incidence-of-symptomatic-pulmonary-embolus-and-deep-vein-thrombosis-after-knee-arthroscopy-in-the-pediatric-and-adolescent-population
#17
Brian C Lau, Jason Jagodzinski, Nirav K Pandya
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) after pediatric knee arthroscopy is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after knee arthroscopy in the pediatric and adolescent population in a high-volume center. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care children's hospital. PATIENTS: All patients who underwent arthroscopy of the knee for a sports-related injury by 2 surgeons were reviewed...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033394/diagnostic-biomarkers-for-lung-cancer-prevention
#18
Roberto Gasparri, Rosalia Romano, Giulia Sedda, Alessandro Borri, Francesco Petrella, Domenico Galetta, Monica Casiraghi, Lorenzo Spaggiari
Lung cancer is the leading cause of death for neoplasm. The lung cancer mortality is frequently associated with late diagnosis, therefore an early diagnosis is a key factor to significantly improve overall survival in high risk populations of asymptomatic patients. Conventional cancer screenings (low-dose computed tomography or chest x-ray) today offers early detection but are invasive and expensive. Up to date these studies evaluated the solid and topographic cancer structure and morphology. Today the concept of tumor has been remodeled and it has been defined as a disease that has its own genetic, biological and metabolic identity and on this new awareness we should base the new screening methods...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017645/-effect-of-regional-synergistic-treatment-system-on-the-treatment-time-and-short-term-prognosis-of-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#19
Guoxin Zhang, Changshun Li, Hengtao Li, Lijuan Gao, Geng Li, Xianhui Zhang, Jie Guo, Binquan You, Feng Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of regional synergistic treatment system on the treatment time and short-term prognosis of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of STEMI patients who admitted to emergency center of Suzhou Kowloon Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine and underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) from January 2013 to January 2017 were conducted...
October 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992906/renal-amyloidosis-associated-with-kartagener-syndrome-in-a-dog
#20
Bartolo Celona, Chiara Crinò, Carmelo Bruno, Simona Di Pietro, Elisabetta Giudice
A 4-year-old cocker spaniel, male, of 12kg body weight was presented because of the onset of polyuria or polydipsia. From the first months of its life, the dog had exhibited constant serous to mucopurulent nasal discharge, productive cough, sneezing, reverse sneezing, otitis, and recurrent episodes of fever. The respiratory signs had been treated several times with antibiotics, without ever achieving a complete resolution. Clinical examination revealed normal rectal temperature (38.3°C), increased respiratory rate (40breaths/min), a copious mucous nasal discharge and right deviation of the heart apex beat (ictus cordis)...
June 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
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