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Walter R Frontera, Jonathan F Bean, Diane Damiano, Linda Ehrlich-Jones, Melanie Fried-Oken, Alan Jette, Ranu Jung, Rick L Lieber, James F Malec, Michael J Mueller, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Keith E Tansey, Aiko Thompson
Approximately 53 million Americans live with a disability. For decades, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has been conducting and supporting research to discover new ways to minimize disability and enhance the quality of life of people with disabilities. After the passage of the American With Disabilities Act, the NIH established the National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research with the goal of developing and implementing a rehabilitation research agenda. Currently, a total of 17 institutes and centers at NIH invest more than $500 million per year in rehabilitation research...
April 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
Ann O'Mara, Julia H Rowland, Thomas N Greenwell, Cheri L Wiggs, Jerome Fleg, Lyndon Joseph, Joan McGowan, James S Panagis, Charles Washabaugh, Grace C Y Peng, Rosalina Bray, Alison N Cernich, Theresa H Cruz, Sue Marden, Mary Ellen Michel, Ralph Nitkin, Louis Quatrano, Catherine Y Spong, Lana Shekim, Teresa L Z Jones, Denise Juliano-Bult, David M Panchinson, Daofen Chen, Lyn Jakeman, Ann Knebel, Lois A Tully, Leighton Chan, Diane Damiano, Biao Tian, Pamela McInnes, Partap Khalsa, Eve Reider, David Shurtleff, William Elwood, Rachel Ballard, Abby G Ershow, Lisa Begg
One in five Americans experiences disability that affects their daily function because of impairments in mobility, cognitive function, sensory impairment, or communication impairment. The need for rehabilitation strategies to optimize function and reduce disability is a clear priority for research to address this public health challenge. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) recently published a Research Plan on Rehabilitation that provides a set of priorities to guide the field over the next 5 years. The plan was developed with input from multiple Institutes and Centers within the NIH, the National Advisory Board for Medical Rehabilitation Research, and the public...
April 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
Yavuz Findik, Timuçin Baykul, Mustafa Asim Aydin, Selman Altuntaş, Zeynep Başağaoğlu Demirekin
Mandibular bone defects due to extensive trauma impair occlusion and affect the aesthetics of facial contouring, making it difficult to obtain a satisfactory outcome. Distraction osteogenesis and free flap is an effective and aesthetic treatment option for rehabilating these defects. In this clinical report, the authors present rehabilitation of a wide mandibular traumatic defect due to a work-related accident with iliac free flap, distraction osteogenesis, and dental implants.
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Myron M LaBan, Susan K Weir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Yavuz Findik, Timuçin Baykul, Mustafa Asim Aydin, Selman Altuntaş, Zeynep Başağaoğlu Demirekin
Mandibular bone defects due to extensive trauma impair occlusion and affect the aesthetics of facial contouring, making it difficult to obtain a satisfactory outcome. Distraction osteogenesis and free flap is an effective and aesthetic treatment option for rehabilating these defects. In this clinical report, the authors present rehabilitation of a wide mandibular traumatic defect due to a work-related accident with iliac free flap, distraction osteogenesis, and dental implants.
January 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Adnan Abdullah Al-Fahd
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Face-bow transfer in prosthodontics: a systematic review of the literature. Farias-Neto A, Dias AH, de Miranda BF, de Oliveira AR. J Oral Rehabil. 2013; 40(9):686-92. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review SOURCE OF FUNDING: Self-funding.
September 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
B R Chrcanovic, J Kisch, T Albrektsson, A Wennerberg
Recent studies have suggested that the insertion of dental implants in patients being diagnosed with bruxism negatively affected the implant failure rates. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between the bruxism and the risk of dental implant failure. This retrospective study is based on 2670 patients who received 10 096 implants at one specialist clinic. Implant- and patient-related data were collected. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the patients and implants. Multilevel mixed effects parametric survival analysis was used to test the association between bruxism and risk of implant failure adjusting for several potential confounders...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Belén Rubio Ballester, Martina Maier, Rosa María San Segundo Mozo, Victoria Castañeda, Armin Duff, Paul F M J Verschure
BACKGROUND: After stroke, patients who suffer from hemiparesis tend to suppress the use of the affected extremity, a condition called learned non-use. Consequently, the lack of training may lead to the progressive deterioration of motor function. Although Constraint-Induced Movement Therapies (CIMT) have shown to be effective in treating this condition, the method presents several limitations, and the high intensity of its protocols severely compromises its adherence. We propose a novel rehabilitation approach called Reinforcement-Induced Movement Therapy (RIMT), which proposes to restore motor function through maximizing arm use...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
K G Raphael, V Santiago, F Lobbezoo
Inspired by the international consensus on defining and grading of bruxism (Lobbezoo F, Ahlberg J, Glaros AG, Kato T, Koyano K, Lavigne GJ et al. J Oral Rehabil. 2013;40:2), this commentary examines its contribution and underlying assumptions for defining sleep bruxism (SB). The consensus' parsimonious redefinition of bruxism as a behaviour is an advance, but we explore an implied question: might SB be more than behaviour? Behaviours do not inherently require clinical treatment, making the consensus-proposed 'diagnostic grading system' inappropriate...
October 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Zachary McCormick, David J Kennedy, Cynthia Garvan, Evan Rivers, Kate Temme, Shana Margolis, Emily Zander, Ashley Rohr, Matthew C Smith, Christopher Plastaras
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Leighton Chan, Allen W Heinemann, Jason Roberts
Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation advocates the complete and transparent reporting of research and methods, and is pleased to be part of an initiative to mandate the use of reporting guidelines. This Editorial is a republication of a previously published Editorial in Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ( ), and is republished here under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License ( http://creativecommons...
2015: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Myron M LaBan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Daniele Manfredini, Jari Ahlberg, Ephraim Winocur, Frank Lobbezoo
This paper updates the bruxism management review published by Lobbezoo et al. in 2008 (J Oral Rehabil 2008; 35: 509-23). The review focuses on the most recent literature on management of sleep bruxism (SB) in adults, as diagnosed with polysomnography (PSG) with audio-video (AV) recordings, or with any other approach measuring the sleep-time masticatory muscles' activity, viz., PSG without AV recordings or electromyography (EMG) recorded with portable devices. Fourteen (N = 14) papers were included in the review, of which 12 were randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and 2 were uncontrolled before-after studies...
November 2015: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Gabriel A Mecott, Celeste C Finnerty, David N Herndon, Ahmed M Al-Mousawi, Ludwik K Branski, Sachin Hegde, Robert Kraft, Felicia N Williams, Susana A Maldonado, Haidy G Rivero, Noe Rodriguez-Escobar, Marc G Jeschke
BACKGROUND: Several scar-scoring scales exist to clinically monitor burn scar development and maturation. Although scoring scars through direct clinical examination is ideal, scars must sometimes be scored from photographs. No scar scale currently exists for the latter purpose. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We modified a previously described scar scale (Yeong et al., J Burn Care Rehabil 1997) and tested the reliability of this new scale in assessing burn scars from photographs...
December 2015: Journal of Surgical Research
Aris Seferiadis, Pernilla Ohlin, Annika Billhult, Ronny Gunnarsson
PURPOSE: Chronic whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) incur both costs and suffering. Treatments that can relieve chronic WAD are therefore needed. Exercise therapy (ET) has been shown to provide pain relief. Another often used treatment for chronic pain in Scandinavia is basic body awareness therapy (BAT). We compared the effectiveness of 10 weeks of twice-weekly, 90-min sessions of either ET or BAT in a randomized comparative trial. METHOD: We recruited 113 patients suffering from chronic WAD grades I-III and several years' duration of symptoms in a primary health care setting...
2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Sofia Bergbom, Katja Boersma, Steven J Linton
PURPOSE: A previous study (Bergbom et al. in J Occup Rehabil, 2013) showed that matching people at risk for pain-related disability to an intervention aimed at targeting their psychological problem profile did not, as hypothesized, improve the effect of the intervention. Methodological issues were suggested to explain the lack of differential effect. It was questioned whether the profiles used to allocate people to treatment were adequate. The aim of this study was to investigate if the risk profiles used to determine matching were sufficiently stable and valid by comparing the original profiles with profiles constructed using other methods...
September 2015: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Robin G Morris, Sharon M Nelis, Anthony Martyr, Ivana Markova, Ilona Roth, Robert T Woods, Christopher J Whitaker, Linda Clare
The study investigated different types of awareness of memory dysfunction in dementia, specifically judgements concerning memory task performance or appraisal of everyday memory functioning and also exploring the neuropsychological correlates of such awareness. This was investigated in 76 people with dementia, comprising 46 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and 30 patients with vascular dementia (VaD). The Memory Awareness Rating Scale (Clare et al., 2002, Neuropsychol Rehabil, 12, 341-362) was used, which includes an Objective-Judgement Discrepancy (OJD) technique involving comparison of subjective evaluation of performance on specific memory tasks with actual performance, and a Subjective Rating Discrepancy (SRD) technique, which compares self versus informant judgement of everyday memory function...
March 2016: Journal of Neuropsychology
Ferran Pellisé, Alba Vila-Casademunt, Montse Ferrer, Montse Domingo-Sàbat, Juan Bagó, Francisco J S Pérez-Grueso, Ahmet Alanay, A F Mannion, Emre Acaroglu
PURPOSE: Medical and health policy providers should be aware of the impact of adult spinal deformity (ASD) on health-related quality of life (HRQL). The purpose of this study was to compare the relative burden of four chronic conditions with that of ASD. METHODS: The International Quality of Life Assessment project gathered data from 24,936 people and published the SF-36 scores of patients with self-reported arthritis, chronic lung disease, diabetes and congestive heart failure from 8 industrialized countries (3 continents) Alonso et al...
January 2015: European Spine Journal
Gavin David John Marsh, Shah Mahir, Antonio Leyte
PURPOSE: This prospective randomised control study is to demonstrate whether or not there is a clinical benefit from inserting a Wallis implant on the functional recovery of patients who have undergone lumbar decompression surgery. METHOD: Sixty consecutive patients with an average age of 58 years (34-81) who were selected for primary lumbosacral decompression were randomly assigned into two groups with equal number of patients, decompression alone or decompression with Wallis implant...
October 2014: European Spine Journal
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