keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Adjusting

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551861/determinants-of-clinic-absenteeism-a-novel-method-of-examining-distance-from-clinic-and-transportation
#1
Ryan W Dobbs, Neha R Malhotra, Brandon M Caldwell, Raymond Rojas, Daniel M Moreira, Michael R Abern
Delayed treatment and non-adherence are associated with inferior prostate cancer (CaP) outcomes. Missed clinic appointments (MA) are one form of non-adherence that may be preventable. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 1341 scheduled clinic encounters for men referred to an academic urology clinic for evaluation of known or suspected CaP. Driving distance and public transit times were calculated using a Google Distance Matrix API algorithm. Zip code level data regarding socioeconomic status was obtained from the 2013 American Community Survey...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551858/cost-effectiveness-of-drug-treatments-for-advanced-melanoma-a-systematic-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Darío Rubio-Rodríguez, Silvia De Diego Blanco, Maite Pérez, Carlos Rubio-Terrés
BACKGROUND: Until recently, advanced melanoma (unresectable and metastatic) has had a poor prognosis and has been treated with chemotherapy. The introduction of new treatments (BRAF and MEK inhibitors and immunotherapy) has improved overall survival and progression-free survival of some patients. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to review the published evidence on the cost-effectiveness of pharmacological treatments for advanced melanoma. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted, without date or language restrictions, in PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence databases and the Health Technology Assessment journal...
May 27, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551841/impaired-cardiac-profile-in-adolescents-with-an-increasing-trajectory-of-anxiety-when-confronting-an-acute-stressor
#3
Alejandro de la Torre-Luque, Aina Fiol-Veny, Xavier Bornas, Maria Balle, Jordi Llabres
Maladaptive patterns of cardiac adjustment to stress in adolescents may reveal their vulnerability to anxiety disorders (ADs). Traditional research in this field has focused on anxiety levels, whereas the time course of anxiety has rarely been considered. Nevertheless, since overall anxiety decreases as adolescence progresses, increasing time courses are clinically relevant and can be associated with maladaptive contextual adjustment. In this study, the cardiac pattern of adjustment to stress in adolescents with increasing anxiety was analysed...
May 27, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551778/screen-detected-gallstone-disease-and-cardiovascular-disease
#4
Daniel Mønsted Shabanzadeh, Tea Skaaby, Lars Tue Sørensen, Torben Jørgensen
Knowledge about temporal associations for screen-detected gallstone disease and cardiovascular disease is limited. The objective of this study was to determine if screen-detected gallstones or cholecystectomy was associated with development of cardiovascular disease. A cohort study of three randomly selected groups from the general population of Copenhagen was performed. Participants (n = 5928) were examined 1982-1992 and underwent abdominal ultrasound examination to detect gallstone disease and were not informed of their gallstone status...
May 27, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551761/a-family-based-study-of-the-association-between-labor-induction-and-offspring-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-low-academic-achievement
#5
Kelsey K Wiggs, Martin E Rickert, Sonia Hernandez-Diaz, Brian T Bateman, Catarina Almqvist, Henrik Larsson, Paul Lichtenstein, Anna Sara Oberg, Brian M D'Onofrio
The current study examined associations between labor induction and both (1) offspring attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis in a Swedish birth cohort born 1992-2005 (n = 1,085,008) and (2) indices of offspring low academic achievement in a sub-cohort born 1992-1997 (n = 489,196). Associations were examined in the entire sample (i.e., related and unrelated individuals) with adjustment for measured covariates and, in order to account for unmeasured confounders shared within families, within differentially exposed cousins and siblings...
May 27, 2017: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551723/national-variation-in-the-composition-of-rheumatology-multidisciplinary-teams-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Mwidimi Ndosi, Rachel Ferguson, Michael R Backhouse, Lindsay Bearne, Phillip Ainsworth, Alan Roach, Elaine Dennison, Lindsey Cherry
The objective of this study is to describe the composition of multidisciplinary teams (MDT) working within rheumatology departments across the UK. All rheumatology departments in the United Kingdom (UK) were invited to participate in a national electronic survey between February 2014 and April 2015 as a part of a national audit for the management of rheumatoid and early inflammatory arthritis commissioned by Healthcare Quality Improvement Partnership. Rheumatology departments were asked to report their MDT composition; defined as a rheumatologist (consultant or specialist trainee), specialist nurse, occupational therapist physiotherapist, and podiatrist...
May 27, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551684/exhaled-breath-condensate-acidification-occurs-during-surgery-for-abdominal-cancer
#7
Archontia Mahairidou, Sophia Rodopoulou, Ioannis Tomos, Eirini Maratou, Effrosyni Manali, Thomas Raptakis, Spyros A Papiris, Anna Karakatsani
BACKGROUND/AIM: Acidification of exhaled breath condensate (EBC), reflecting airway inflammation and oxidative stress, has been reported in lung cancer patients undergoing lobectomy. We undertook this study to examine EBC pH changes during surgery for abdominal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: EBC pH was measured from 20 patients undergoing abdominal cancer resection before and during surgery. Repeated-measures of ANOVA and random-effects linear models were applied to compare mean EBC pH values in samples collected at different times...
June 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551677/serum-levels-of-igf-1-and-igfbp-3-in-relation-to-clinical-and-pathobiological-aspects-of-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinomas
#8
David Kalfert, Marie Ludvikova, Ondrej Topolcan, Petr Celakovsky, Radek Kucera, Jindra Windrichova, Jaroslav Ludvik, Katerina Skalova, Vlastimil Kulda, Martin Pesta, Jan Plzak
BACKGROUND/AIM: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) includes tumors of various anatomical sites sharing multifactorial etiopathogenesis and generally dismal response to conventional treatment. The objective of this study was to determine the clinical significance of serum levels of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) in HNSCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 46 patients, with histologically-confirmed diagnosis of HNSCC (21 oropharyngeal, 21 laryngeal, and 4 hypopharyngeal cancers) were enrolled in this study...
June 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551668/occupational-risk-for-oral-cancer-in-nordic-countries
#9
Laura Tarvainen, Juho Suojanen, Pentti Kyyronen, Christian Lindqvist, Jan Ivar Martinsen, Kristina Kjaerheim, Elsebeth Lynge, Par Sparen, Laufey Tryggvadottir, Elisabete Weiderpass, Eero Pukkala
AIM: To evaluate occupational risk for cancer of the tongue, oral cavity or pharynx after adjustment for alcohol and tobacco use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data covered 14.9 million people and 28,623 cases of cancer of the tongue, oral cavity and pharynx in the Nordic countries 1961-2005. Alcohol consumption by occupation was estimated based on mortality from liver cirrhosis and incidence of liver cancer. Smoking by occupation was estimated based on the incidence of lung cancer...
June 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551642/effect-of-radiation-therapy-on-survival-in-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-a-seer-data-analysis
#10
Samip Master, Nebu Koshy, Ben Wilkinson, Lane Rosen, Glenn Mills, Richard Mansour, Runhua Shi
BACKGROUND/AIM: Hodgkin's Lymphoma (HL) is curable in up to 80% of patients due, in part, to simultaneous advances in chemotherapy regimens as well as radiation therapy planning and delivery. Concerns regarding the historical use of large-field radiotherapy on overall survival have been published. In this study, we performed a Surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (SEER) data analysis to evaluate the impact of patients and treatments related factors on survival in HL. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from 39,700 adult patients registered in the SEER data with diagnosis of HL, between 1983-2011 and follow-up through 2012 were analyzed...
June 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551640/vparp-adjusts-mvp-expression-in-drug-resistant-cell-lines-in-conjunction-with-mdr-proteins
#11
Karolina Wojtowicz, Radoslaw Januchowski, Michal Nowicki, Maciej Zabel
BACKGROUND/AIM: The definition of vault (ribonucleoprotein particles) function remains highly complex. Vaults may cooperate with multidrug resistance (MDR) proteins, supporting their role in drug resistance. This topic is the main theme of this publication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cell viability was determined by an MTT assay. The protein expression was detected by western blot analysis. The proteins were knocked-down using siRNA. RESULTS: No major vault protein (MVP) in the LoVo/Dx and W1PR cell lines after tunicamycin treatment was shown...
June 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551591/evidence-that-anhedonia-is-a-symptom-of-opioid-dependence-associated-with-recent-use
#12
Joshua B B Garfield, Sue M Cotton, Nicholas B Allen, Ali Cheetham, Marni Kras, Murat Yücel, Dan I Lubman
BACKGROUND: Anhedonia is prevalent among substance-dependent populations. The hedonic allostasis model suggests this is due to the effects of addictive substances on neural substrates of reward processing. However, previous research may have been confounded by other factors likely to influence anhedonia, including tobacco use, psychopathology, and history of trauma and other stressors. Thus it remains unclear whether elevated anhedonia in substance-dependent populations is caused by substance use itself, or is due to other correlates of substance dependence...
May 17, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551568/a-marginal-structural-modeling-strategy-investigating-short-and-long-term-exposure-to-neighborhood-poverty-on-bmi-among-u-s-black-and-white-adults
#13
D Phuong Do, Cheng Zheng
We apply a marginal structural modeling (MSM) strategy to investigate the relationship between neighborhood poverty and BMI level among U.S. black and white adults. This strategy appropriately adjusts for factors that may be simultaneously mediators and confounders (e.g., income, health behavior), strengthening causal inference and providing the total (direct and indirect) neighborhood effect estimate. Short and long-term neighborhood poverty were positively associated with being overweight for both black and white women...
May 25, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551561/oxidative-stress-and-respiratory-symptoms-due-to-human-exposure-to-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs-in-kumasi-ghana
#14
Nesta Bortey-Sam, Yoshinori Ikenaka, Osei Akoto, Shouta M M Nakayama, Kwadwo A Asante, Elvis Baidoo, Christian Obirikorang, Aksorn Saengtienchai, Norikazu Isoda, Collins Nimako, Hazuki Mizukawa, Mayumi Ishizuka
Studies of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and its metabolites in PM10, soils, rat livers and cattle urine in Kumasi, Ghana, revealed high concentrations and cancer potency. In addition, WHO and IARC have reported an increase in cancer incidence and respiratory diseases in Ghana. Human urine were therefore collected from urban and control sites to: assess the health effects associated with PAHs exposure using malondialdehyde (MDA) and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG); identify any association between OH-PAHs, MDA, 8-OHdG with age and sex; and determine the relationship between PAHs exposure and occurrence of respiratory diseases...
May 25, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551527/placental-weight-in-the-first-pregnancy-and-risk-for-preeclampsia-in-the-second-pregnancy-a-population-based-study-of-186-859-women
#15
Johanne Dypvik, Sandra Larsen, Camilla Haavaldsen, Anne M Jukic, Lars J Vatten, Anne Eskild
OBJECTIVE: To study whether placental weight in the first pregnancy is associated with preeclampsia in the second pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: In this population-based study, we included all women with two consecutive singleton pregnancies reported to the Medical Birth Registry of Norway during 1999-2012 (n=186 859). Placental weight in the first pregnancy was calculated as z-scores, and the distribution was divided into five groups of equal size (quintiles). We estimated crude and adjusted odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals for preeclampsia in the second pregnancy according to quintiles of placental weight z-scores in the first pregnancy...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551524/capillary-flows-across-layers-and-textural-interfaces-pathways-and-colloid-transport-considerations-in-unsaturated-layered-porous-media
#16
Frouke Hoogland, Peter Lehmann, Dani Or
Soils and other geologic porous media often display layering and associated textural contrasts that may alter unsaturated flow and transport pathways. Such natural interfaces are usually represented empirically in continuum flow models with limited mechanistic account of the effect of adjusted pathways across layers on colloid transport and on the nature of unsaturated flow. In this study we present the soil foam drainage equation (SFDE) as alternative framework to simulate unsaturated flow in layered porous media...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551493/residential-greenness-and-adiposity-findings-from-the-uk-biobank
#17
Chinmoy Sarkar
BACKGROUND: With the rapid urbanization and prevailing obesity pandemic, the role of residential green exposures in obesity prevention has gained renewed focus. The study investigated the effects of residential green exposures on adiposity using a large and diverse population sample drawn from the UK Biobank. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a population based cross-sectional study of 333,183 participants aged 38-73years with individual-level data on residential greenness and built environment exposures...
May 25, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551489/post-reperfusion-syndrome-during-orthotopic-liver-transplantation-which-definition-best-predicts-postoperative-graft-failure-and-recipient-mortality
#18
Antonio Siniscalchi, Lorenzo Gamberini, Tommaso Bardi, Cristiana Laici, Matteo Ravaioli, Maria Letizia Bacchi Reggiani, Stefano Faenza
Post-reperfusion syndrome during orthotopic liver transplantation, which definition best predicts postoperative graft failure and recipient mortality? PURPOSE: Post-reperfusion syndrome (PRS) is a serious complication of liver transplantation, at present two main definitions are in use, and they differ both clinically and temporally. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate these two definitions as risk factors for post-transplantation mortality and primary graft non-function...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551482/urinary-ph-is-a-predictor-of-diabetes-in-men-a-population-based-large-scale-cohort-study
#19
Yoshitaka Hashimoto, Masahide Hamaguchi, Naoko Nakanishi, Akihiro Ohbora, Takao Kojima, Michiaki Fukui
AIMS: Previous cross-sectional studies revealed that patients with type 2 diabetes were associated with low urine pH. However, the association between urinary pH and incident type 2 diabetes is still unclear. Thus, we investigated the association between urinary pH and incident type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This is a 5-year observational study of 3119men. We divided participants into four groups according to quartile of urinary pH. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to calculate adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% CIs for incident type 2 diabetes...
May 9, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551411/relations-among-adults-remembrances-of-parental-acceptance-rejection-in-childhood-self-reported-psychological-adjustment-and-adult-psychopathology
#20
Ebru Akün
AIMS: The aim of the study was to examine relationships among recollections of maternal and paternal acceptance-rejection in childhood and the level of psychological adjustment among adults diagnosed with schizophrenia, social anxiety, and nonclinical control. The study focused primarily on adults with schizophrenia and social anxiety in comparison to nonclinical adults. METHODS: Fifty-three adults diagnosed with schizophrenia, 51 adults with self-reported social anxiety, and 147 nonclinical controls between the ages of 18 and 62 participated in the study...
May 14, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
52066
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"