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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785939/exploring-an-integrative-patient-tailored-complementary-medicine-approach-for-chemotherapy-induced-taste-disorders
#1
Eran Ben-Arye, Ilana Doweck, Elad Schiff, Noah Samuels
CONTEXT: Chemotherapy-induced taste disorder (CITD) is a common adverse effect among patients with cancer, with no effective known treatment. OBJECTIVES: Exploring the impact of a patient-tailored complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) treatment program on CITD-related severity. DESIGN: Prospective study on patients' chart. SETTING: Integrative oncology program operating within the Clalit Healthcare Oncology Service in northern Israel...
April 22, 2018: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784581/how-to-make-a-tongue-cellular-and-molecular-regulation-of-muscle-and-connective-tissue-formation-during-mammalian-tongue-development
#2
REVIEW
Martyn T Cobourne, Sachiko Iseki, Anahid A Birjandi, Hadeel Adel Al-Lami, Christel Thauvin-Robinet, Guilherme M Xavier, Karen J Liu
The vertebrate tongue is a complex muscular organ situated in the oral cavity and involved in multiple functions including mastication, taste sensation, articulation and the maintenance of oral health. Although the gross embryological contributions to tongue formation have been known for many years, it is only relatively recently that the molecular pathways regulating these processes have begun to be discovered. In particular, there is now evidence that the Hedgehog, TGF-Beta, Wnt and Notch signaling pathways all play an important role in mediating appropriate signaling interactions between the epithelial, cranial neural crest and mesodermal cell populations that are required to form the tongue...
May 18, 2018: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784329/health-and-taste-related-compounds-in-strawberries-under-various-irrigation-regimes-and-bio-stimulant-application
#3
Burcak Kapur, Mehmet Ali Sarıdaş, Eser Çeliktopuz, Ebru Kafkas, Sevgi Paydaş Kargı
Strawberry has a unique status within the fruit species in terms of health and taste related compounds. This experimental study concerned the application of a bio-stimulant at various drip irrigation levels (IR125, IR100, IR75 and IR50). The effects of the bio-stimulant (seaweed extract) on the eating quality, i.e., the taste-related (TSS, fructose, glucose, sucrose and citric, malic, l-ascorbic acid), and health-related (antioxidant activity, total phenol, myricetin and quercetin) compounds were studied in two strawberry cultivars...
October 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784306/enzymatic-hydrolysis-of-flaxseed-linum-usitatissimum-l-protein-and-sensory-characterization-of-maillard-reaction-products
#4
Chao-Kun Wei, Kiran Thakur, Dun-Hua Liu, Jian-Guo Zhang, Zhao-Jun Wei
We aimed to simplify the enzymolysis process for flaxseed protein hydrolysates production as Maillard reaction products (MRPs) to generate different flavor characteristics. More than 50% activity of immobilized enzymes (Alcalase and Flavourzyme) was retained after repeated use. Subsequently, after five weeks, the activities of the immobilized enzymes were also observed to be higher after storage at 4 °C. The optimum conditions for production of flaxseed protein hydrolysates using sequential enzymatic hydrolysis were as follow: 3,000 U/g of Alcalase at 60 °C and pH 8...
October 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784304/contribution-of-l-theanine-to-the-formation-of-2-5-dimethylpyrazine-a-key-roasted-peanutty-flavor-in-oolong-tea-during-manufacturing-processes
#5
Xiangyang Guo, Chuankui Song, Chi-Tang Ho, Xiaochun Wan
l-Theanine, the most abundant amino acid in tea, is widely believed to be associated with the tea taste, however, its contribution to the formation of tea aroma is still unknown. Volatiles were determined and nitrogen-containing compounds formed during manufacturing processes were quantified. Lower levels of total sugar and l-theanine were detected in the Oolong tea product undergoing full fire processing (FFOT) suggesting that l-theanine probably involved in the volatile formation during manufacturing processes...
October 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783673/application-of-a-novel-s3-nanowire-gas-sensor-device-in-parallel-with-gc-ms-for-the-identification-of-rind-percentage-of-grated-parmigiano-reggiano
#6
Marco Abbatangelo, Estefanía Núñez-Carmona, Veronica Sberveglieri, Dario Zappa, Elisabetta Comini, Giorgio Sberveglieri
Parmigiano Reggiano cheese is one of the most appreciated and consumed foods worldwide, especially in Italy, for its high content of nutrients and taste. However, these characteristics make this product subject to counterfeiting in different forms. In this study, a novel method based on an electronic nose has been developed to investigate the potentiality of this tool to distinguish rind percentages in grated Parmigiano Reggiano packages that should be lower than 18%. Different samples, in terms of percentage, seasoning and rind working process, were considered to tackle the problem at 360°...
May 18, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783625/a-simple-alternative-method-for-preservation-of-2-methylisoborneol-in-water-samples
#7
Chun-Cheng Fan, Yi-Ting Chiu, Tsair-Fuh Lin
2-Methylisoborneol (2-MIB) is one of the most commonly observed taste and odor (T&O) compounds present in drinking water sources. As it is biodegradable, a preservation agent, typically mercury chloride, is needed if the water is not analyzed right after sampling. Since mercury is a toxic metal, an alternative chemical that is cheaper and less toxic is desirable. In this study, two chemicals commonly used in water treatment processes, chlorine (as sodium hypochlorite) and KMnO₄ (potassium permanganate), are studied to determine their feasibility as preservation agents for 2-MIB in water...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783219/-clinical-and-laboratory-features-of-cholelithiasis-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-by-gender
#8
Natalya I Dyakiv-Koreiba
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Today, diabetes is considered a factor that provokes the development of bile duct disease. Cholelithiasis is associated with such risk factors as aging, high body mass index, female sex, genetic predisposition, alcohol abuse, high concentration of triglycerides and cholesterol, low density lipoprotein in blood plasma The aim of the work is to analyze the clinical and laboratory features of the pathology of the gall bladder in patients with type 2 diabetes, depending on the sex...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783168/fluorescence-probes-for-real-time-remote-cyanobacteria-monitoring-a-review-of-challenges-and-opportunities
#9
REVIEW
Edoardo Bertone, Michele A Burford, David P Hamilton
In recent years, there has been a widespread deployment of submersible fluorescence sensors by water utilities. They are used to measure diagnostic pigments and estimate algae and cyanobacteria abundance in near real-time. Despite being useful and promising tools, operators and decision-makers often rely on the data provided by these probes without a full understanding of their limitations. As a result, this may lead to wrong and misleading estimations which, in turn, means that researchers and technicians distrust these sensors...
May 10, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781640/interactive-effects-of-baseline-executive-functioning-and-working-memory-depletion-on-alcohol-use-among-heavy-drinking-young-adults
#10
Alison Looby, Mara Norton-Baker, Tiffany D Russell
Binge drinking is frequently reported by young adults, despite being associated with a number of negative consequences. This type of heavy drinking is associated with deficits in many executive functions, including working memory. Poor working memory may contribute to increased alcohol use by limiting one's ability to modulate their behavior, including drinking. Furthermore, the limited resource model of executive functioning predicts that individuals with poorer premorbid executive functioning abilities, whose working memory is taxed or depleted, should experience the highest levels of dysregulated behavior...
May 21, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781152/quality-perception-purchase-intention-and-the-impact-of-information-on-the-evaluation-of-refined-pacific-cupped-oysters-crassostrea-gigas-by-dutch-consumers
#11
Jasper van Houcke, Themistokilis Altintzoglou, Jozef Linssen, Joop Luten
BACKGROUND: Oyster refinement using land-based pond systems is a new activity in the Dutch oyster sector in order to increase the oyster tissue weight and change the sensorial properties of oysters. However, the response of Dutch consumers towards refined oysters is unknown. The research aim was to gain insight in the importance of oyster quality parameters, drivers for oyster consumption and acceptance of refined oysters by Dutch consumers taking into account the information given on the product and process...
May 20, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778816/disneyization-a-framework-for-understanding-illicit-drug-use-in-bounded-play-spaces
#12
Tim Turner
BACKGROUND: This paper combines evidence from an ethnographic study of illicit drug use amongst tourists in Ibiza with Bryman's (2004) theoretical model of Disneyization. The principal aim was to construct a new conceptual framework that may help scholars, practitioners and policy makers make sense of dynamic patterns of illegal drug use across bounded play spaces such as tourist resorts, music festivals and nightclubs. METHODS: Ethnographic fieldwork employing a grounded theory design was undertaken over three summers in tourist locations on the Balearic island of Ibiza, including nightclubs, bars, cafes, beaches, airports and hotels...
May 17, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778504/solitary-chemosensory-cells-are-a-primary-epithelial-source-of-interleukin-25-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyps
#13
Michael A Kohanski, Alan D Workman, Neil N Patel, Li-Yin Hung, Julie P Shtraks, Bei Chen, Mariel Blasetti, Laurel Doghramji, David W Kennedy, Nithin D Adappa, James N Palmer, De'Broski R Herbert, Noam A Cohen
BACKGROUND: IL-25 can function as an early signal for the respiratory Type 2 response characteristic of allergic asthma and chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). In the mouse gut, tuft cells are the epithelial source of IL-25. However, the source of human airway epithelial IL-25 has remained elusive. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we sought to determine if the solitary chemosensory cell (SCC) is the predominant source of IL-25 in the sinonasal epithelium...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777363/high-level-production-of-single-chain-monellin-mutants-with-enhanced-sweetness-and-stability-in-tobacco-chloroplasts
#14
Daniela Castiglia, Serena Leone, Rachele Tamburino, Lorenza Sannino, Jole Fonderico, Chiara Melchiorre, Andrea Carpentieri, Stefania Grillo, Delia Picone, Nunzia Scotti
Plastid-based MNEI protein mutants retain the structure, stability and sweetness of their bacterial counterparts, confirming the attractiveness of the plastid transformation technology for high-yield production of recombinant proteins. The prevalence of obesity and diabetes has dramatically increased the industrial demand for the development and use of alternatives to sugar and traditional sweeteners. Sweet proteins, such as MNEI, a single chain derivative of monellin, are the most promising candidates for industrial applications...
May 18, 2018: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774338/trace-metals-in-oysters-molecular-and-cellular-mechanisms-and-ecotoxicological-impacts
#15
REVIEW
Wen-Xiong Wang, Jie Meng, Nanyan Weng
Oysters are important benthic bivalves in coastal and estuarine environments. They are widely farmed due to their rapid growth and taste; they are also widely applied in environmental monitoring of coastal pollution due to their accumulation of contaminants. Most importantly, oysters are among the few marine organisms that are considered to be hyper-accumulators of many toxic metals, such as cadmium, copper and zinc. As such, there is a tremendous call to study the interactions between metals and oysters, especially due to the increasing metal pollution in many coastal and estuarine waters...
May 18, 2018: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772560/impact-of-sugar-on-the-body-brain-and-behavior
#16
Clara R Freeman, Amna Zehra, Veronica Ramirez, Corinde E Wiers, Nora D Volkow, Gene-Jack Wang
Sugar is highly palatable and rewarding, both in its taste and nutritive input. Excessive sugar consumption, however, may trigger neuroadaptations in the reward system that decouple eating behavior from caloric needs and leads to compulsive overeating. Excessive sugar intake is in turn associated with adverse health conditions, including obesity, metabolic syndrome, and inflammatory diseases. This review aims to use recent evidence to connect sugar's impact on the body, brain, and behavior to elucidate how and why sugar consumption has been implicated in addictive behaviors and poor health outcomes...
June 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772542/regulation-of-feeding-behavior-in-drosophila-through-the-interplay-of-gustation-physiology-and-neuromodulation
#17
Bhumika S, Arvind Kumar Singh
One of the most fundamental behaviors in all the organisms, in order to achieve a satiated state and internal energy homeostasis is feeding. The action of feeding in any being whether be it any vertebrate or an invertebrate involves the perception of the external environment along with the gamut of decision making processes to eat or to not eat. The feeding decision along with chemosensation through gustation and olfaction leads to intake of food with proper nutrient balance along with avoidance of bitter and toxic substances...
June 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771561/mood-selectively-moderates-the-implicit-alcohol-association-drinking-relation-in-college-student-heavy-episodic-drinkers
#18
Kristen P Lindgren, Jason J Ramirez, Reinout W Wiers, Bethany A Teachman, Jeanette Norris, Cecilia C Olin, Melissa L Gasser, Debra Kaysen, Clayton Neighbors
Multiple studies indicate that implicit alcohol-related associations (i.e., indices of relatively fast, spontaneous processes) predict drinking. An important next step is to investigate moderators of the implicit association-drinking relationship. Mood state has been proposed as a moderator of this relationship: implicit associations have been theorized to be stronger predictors of drinking under positive mood states. From the same theoretical perspective, explicit measures (indices of relatively slow, reflective processes) have been proposed to be stronger predictors of drinking under negative mood states...
May 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771453/functionalization-of-lipid-based-nutrient-supplement-with-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-inclusions-of-oregano-essential-oil
#19
Shashank Gaur, Emely C Lopez, Ankur Ojha, Juan E Andrade
Intestinal parasitic infection is one of the main causes of acute undernutrition in children. Oral consumption of oregano essential oil (OEO) can reduce intestinal parasitic infections, however, its addition to therapeutic and supplementary foods is hampered by its undesirable flavor. The objective of this study was to develop a functional lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS) containing OEO, which is stable, acceptable and provides targeted intestinal delivery of bioactive. β-cyclodextrin (β-CyD) inclusion complexes of OEO (β-CyD-OEO), and carvacrol (β-CyD-CV) (1:1 molar) were prepared using slurry complexation (-20 °C) method and characterized based on encapsulation efficiency, moisture content, morphology, and 2-phase in vitro digestion stability...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770692/highly-sensitive-and-practical-fluorescent-sandwich-elisa-for-ciguatoxins
#20
Takeshi Tsumuraya, Takeshi Sato, Masahiro Hirama, Ikuo Fujii
Ciguatera fish poisoning (CFP) caused by the consumption of fish that have accumulated ciguatoxins (CTXs) affects more than 50,000 people annually. The spread of CFP causes enormous damage to public health, fishery resources, and the economies of tropical and subtropical endemic regions. The difficulty in avoiding CFP arises from the lack of sensitive and reliable analytical methods for the detection and quantification of CTXs in contaminated fish, along with the normal appearance, smell, and taste of fish contaminated with the causative toxins...
May 17, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
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