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Tetsuya Akaishi, Masatoshi Konno, Ichiro Nakashima, Masashi Aoki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Internal Medicine
Gregory Decker, Berdale Colorado
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Pedro C Barata, Alice Cardoso, Maria P Custodio, Marta Alves, Ana L Papoila, Barbosa António, Peter G Lawlor
This study aimed to identify clusters of symptoms, to determine the patient characteristics associated with identified, and determine their strength of association with survival in patients with advanced cancer (ACPs). Consecutively eligible ACPs not receiving cancer-specific treatment, and referred to a Tertiary Palliative Care Clinic, were enrolled in a prospective cohort study. At first consultation, patients rated 9 symptoms through the Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (0-10 scale) and 10 others using a Likert scale (1-5)...
September 13, 2016: Cancer Medicine
Zhuoqing Hu, Liao Cui, Wei Li, Ziji Liang, Minqun Du
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2, 2016: American Journal of Medicine
Fauzia Nausheen, Hina Mohsin, Shaheen E Lakhan
Hiccups are the sudden involuntary contractions of the diaphragm and intercostal muscles. They are generally benign and self-limited, however, in some cases they are chronic and debilitating. There are approximately 4000 admissions for hiccups each year in the United States. The hiccup reflex arc is composed of three components: (1) an afferent limb including the phrenic, vagus, and sympathetic nerves, (2) the central processing unit in the midbrain, and (3) the efferent limb carrying motor fibers to the diaphragm and intercostal muscles...
2016: SpringerPlus
Francisco Javier García Callejo, Jaume Redondo Martínez, Tomás Pérez Carbonell, Rafael Monzó Gandía, M Paz Martínez Beneyto, Inés Rincón Piedrahita
INTRODUCTION: Hiccup crises are generally benign and self-limiting, but longer episodes affect quality of life and must be treated. There are recognisable causes that otorhinolaryngologists must know and be aware for diagnosis and therapeutic alternatives. The main expression is a spasmodic glottic noise with characteristic neck alterations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study from 1979 with patients suffering persistent or recurrent hiccups. Chronobiology, comorbidity, findings from explorations, therapies and outcomes were noted...
August 16, 2016: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
Carolina Nanclares, Jimmy Kapetshi, Fanshen Lionetto, Olimpia de la Rosa, Jean-Jacques Muyembe Tamfun, Miriam Alia, Gary Kobinger, Andrea Bernasconi
During July-November 2014, the Democratic Republic of the Congo underwent its seventh Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak. The etiologic agent was Zaire Ebola virus; 66 cases were reported (overall case-fatality rate 74.2%). Through a retrospective observational study of confirmed EVD in 25 patients admitted to either of 2 Ebola treatment centers, we described clinical features and investigated correlates associated with death. Clinical features were mainly generic. At admission, 76% of patients had >1 gastrointestinal symptom and 28% >1 hemorrhagic symptom...
September 2016: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Weihe Zhang, Yujuan Jiao, Lei Cui, Lei Liu, Linwei Zhang, Jinsong Jiao
Longitudinally extensive myelopathy (LEM) is a rare spinal syndrome, and was mostly assessed in western populations. In order to investigate the etiological, clinical, and radiological features of LEM in Chinese patients, we retrospectively analyzed eighty-nine (40 men and 49 women, median age 45.9±15.7years) patients with LEM hospitalized in China-Japan Friendship Hospital. LEM comprised autoimmune inflammatory myelitis (n=53), metabolic and compressive disorders (n=13), vascular diseases (n=10), neoplastic diseases (n=7), infectious diseases (n=4), and syringomyelia (n=2)...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Wei Wang, Hanhan Chen, Zhiqun Cao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Tejshri Shah, Jane Greig, Linda Margaretha van der Plas, Jay Achar, Grazia Caleo, James Sylvester Squire, Alhaji Sayui Turay, Grace Joshy, Catherine D'Este, Emily Banks, Florian Vogt, Kamalini Lokuge
BACKGROUND: Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) opened Ebola management centres (EMCs) in Sierra Leone in Kailahun in June, 2014, and Bo in September, 2014. Case fatality in the west African Ebola virus disease epidemic has been highest in children younger than 5 years. Clinical data on outcomes can provide important evidence to guide future management. However, such data on children are scarce and disaggregated clinical data across all ages in this epidemic have focussed on symptoms reported on arrival at treatment facilities, rather than symptoms and signs observed during admission...
July 2016: Lancet Global Health
G S Bora, R S Mavuduru, S K Devana, S K Singh, A K Mandal
The potential challenges encountered for setting up a robotic assisted surgical facility in developing country like India are many. We describe the initial hurdles and troubleshooting in establishing a facility of such kind. This experience might help to decrease initial hiccups in setting up such an innovative technology at other institutes.
June 22, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Zhe Xu, Bo Jin, Guangju Teng, Yihui Rong, Lijian Sun, Jian Zhang, Ning Du, Liming Liu, Haibin Su, Yue Yuan, Haoyang Chen
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to fully describe epidemiologic characteristics, clinical manifestations, and clinical outcomes of Ebola virus disease (EVD), as well as detect independent factors significantly associated with mortality of the disease. METHODS: One hundred thirty-nine confirmed EVD patients enrolled at the JUI Holding and Treatment Centre in western Sierra Leone between November 15, 2014, and January 18, 2015, and demographic and clinical data were retrospectively collected and analyzed...
June 14, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Dusanka Obradović, Biljana Joves Sević, Milos Stojanović, Miroslav Ilić, Igor Ivanov
INTRODUCTION: Achalasia is a rare esophageal disorder which, due to frequent presence of both respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms, can initially be referred either to pulmonologist or gastroenterologist. CASE OUTLINE: A 50-year-old patient was initially referred to gastroenterologist with the following symptoms: nausea, vomiting, occasional hiccups, weight loss, chest pain, dysphonia, and dry cough. After chest X-ray, the patient was referred to pulmonologist with differential diagnosis for pulmonary infiltration and thoracic aortic aneurysm...
January 2016: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
Dong-Woo Lim, Hyuck Kim, Ju-Yeon Park, Jai-Eun Kim, Jin-Young Moon, Sun-Dong Park, Won-Hwan Park
BACKGROUND: Medicinal herb-derived drug development has become important in the relief of liver pathology. Amomun cardamomum is traditionally used therapeutically in Korea to treat various human ailments including dyspepsia, hiccupping, and vomiting. We investigated to assess the protective effect of A. cardamomum on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver damage through antioxidant activity in hepatic tissues of Sprague-Dawley rats. METHODS: Antioxidant properties of different fractions from A...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Motoki Fujimaki, Masashi Takanashi, Manami Kobayashi, Kei-ichiro Wada, Yutaka Machida, Akihide Kondo, Nobutaka Hattori, Hideto Miwa
BACKGROUND: It is extremely rare to see cerebrospinal fluid dissemination of intraventricular meningioma, particularly with the development of acute, progressive brainstem/cerebellar dysfunction with an absence of mass formation in the corresponding anatomical sites. CASE PRESENTATION: An 81-year-old man was admitted because of double vision, right facial nerve palsy and truncal ataxia. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed normal findings except for a tumor mass in the left lateral ventricle, which had been noted over 6 months previously...
2016: BMC Neurology
David Arsanious, Spiro Khoury, Edgar Martinez, Ali Nawras, Gregory Filatoff, Hossam Ajabnoor, Umar Darr, Joseph Atallah
UNLABELLED: Hiccups are actions consisting of sudden contractions of the diaphragm and intercostals followed by a sudden inspiration and transient closure of the vocal cords. They are generally short lived and benign; however, in extreme and rare cases, such as esophageal carcinoma, they can become persistent or intractable, up to and involving significant pain, dramatically impacting the patient's quality of life. This case involves a 60-year-old man with a known history of squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus...
May 2016: Pain Physician
Dong-Mei Yuan, Qian Li, Qin Zhang, Xin-Wu Xiao, Yan-Wen Yao, Yan Zhang, Yan-Ling Lv, Hong-Bin Liu, Tang-Feng Lv, Yong Song
OBJECTIVES: Can addition of neurokinin-1 receptor antagonists (NK1-RAs) be considered as an ideal strategy for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV)? Researchers differ on this question. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for randomized control trials (RCTs) that evaluated the effectiveness and safety of NK1-RAs in preventing CINV. The primary end point was complete response (CR) in the acute, delayed, and overall phases after chemotherapy...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Mohamed R El-Tahan, D John Doyle, Laila Telmesani, Abdulmohsen Al'Ghamdi, Alaa M Khidr, Mohamed Maher Abdeen
We report on the successful use of dexmedetomidine to treat persistent intractable hiccup in a child who underwent cochlear implantation under sevoflurane-fentanyl anesthesia.
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Charles Amoatey Odonkor, Brittany Smith, Kimberly Rivera, Akhil Chhatre
Singultus are rare but notable adverse effect of epidural steroid injections (ESIs). To date, reports of persistent hiccups associated with ESIs have been reported mostly in adults aged 65 years or older. We present the first case of persistent hiccups in a septuagenarian who underwent repeated transforaminal ESIs for chronic lumbar radiculopathy. Under fluoroscopic guidance, 1.5 mL of 1% lidocaine (preservative free) and 0.8 mL of dexamethasone solution (10 mg/mL) was injected into the bilateral L4-L5 neural foramen and epidural space...
May 4, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Nicolas Collongues, Jérôme de Seze
Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSDs) is a new concept which includes classical neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and partial forms of NMO such as recurrent optic neuritis with positive aquaporin-4 antibodies (AQP4) or brainstem symptoms (intractable hiccups or vomiting). This disease is clearly distinguished from multiple sclerosis (MS) and the therapeutic approach is clearly different. Rituximab is actually considered to be one of the most efficient treatments of NMOSD, even if class I studies are clearly lacking...
May 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
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