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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925063/negative-serosurvey-of-toxoplasma-gondii-antibodies-in-golden-headed-lion-tamarin-leontopithecus-chrysomelas-from-niter%C3%A3-i-rj-brazil
#1
Camila Vieira Molina, Felipe da Silva Krawczak, Marina Galvão Bueno, Herbert Sousa Soares, Solange Maria Genari, Alcides Pissinatti, Maria Cecília Martins Kierulff, Tiago Ferreira da Silva, Danilo Gomes de Freitas, Larissa Cristinne Caneli, José Luiz Catão-Dias
New World Nonhuman Primates are highly susceptible to clinical toxoplasmosis. Serum samples from 126 recently captured Leontopithecus chrysomelas, from an exotic and invasive population, were tested for Toxoplasma gondii antibodies by the modified agglutination test (MAT, cut-off 1:25); all were seronegative. The MAT is highly specific and is not species-specific. This is the first report of T. gondii survey in this tamarin in the wild. This result is consistent with prior reports that showed the high susceptibility of the species to infection by T...
December 1, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557020/to-donate-or-not-donate-that-is-the-question-an-analysis-of-the-critical-factors-of-blood-donation
#2
Jefferson Rodrigues Pereira, Caissa Veloso E Sousa, Eliane Bragança de Matos, Leonardo Benedito Oliveira Rezende, Natália Xavier Bueno, Álvaro Machado Dias
Currently, in Brazil, 1.78% of the population area blood donors, a level lower than the ideal one that, according to WHO, should be between 3% and 5% of the population. Following this scenario, the current study has a general goal of identifying and analyzing the main critical factors of the process of blood donation in the city of Belo Horizonte, MG, under the perception of donors, potential donors and non donors. A qualitative research approach was conducted, through twenty-four semi-structured interviews...
August 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527890/pleural-effusion-with-negative-culture-a-challenge-for-pneumococcal-diagnosis-in-children
#3
Vinicius Pieta Perez, Juliana Caierão, Gilberto Bueno Fischer, Cícero Armídio Gomes Dias, Pedro Alves d'Azevedo
BACKGROUND: Pneumococcal parapneumonic effusion seems to be increasing in children in the postvaccine era and is frequently associated with negative culture. Due to the low yield of culture, culture-independent tools are evaluated. METHODS: Culture-negative pleural fluid specimens from 38 children with parapneumonic effusion were examined for pneumococcal lytA by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and soluble antigen (C-polysaccharide) using an immunochromatographic test (BinaxNow Streptococcus pneumoniae)...
October 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27149618/the-postpharyngeal-gland-specialized-organ-for-lipid-nutrition-in-leaf-cutting-ants
#4
Pâmela Decio, Alexsandro Santana Vieira, Nathalia Baptista Dias, Mario Sergio Palma, Odair Correa Bueno
There are several hypotheses about the possible functions of the postpharyngeal gland (PPG) in ants. The proposed functions include roles as cephalic or gastric caeca and diverticulum of the digestive tract, mixing of hydrocarbons, nestmate recognition, feeding larvae, and the accumulation of lipids inside this gland, whose origin is contradictory. The current study aimed to investigate the functions of these glands by examining the protein expression profile of the PPGs of Atta sexdens rubropilosa (Hymenoptera, Formicidae)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27112578/the-new-heterologous-fibrin-sealant-in-combination-with-low-level-laser-therapy-lllt-in-the-repair-of-the-buccal-branch-of-the-facial-nerve
#5
Daniela Vieira Buchaim, Antonio de Castro Rodrigues, Rogerio Leone Buchaim, Benedito Barraviera, Rui Seabra Ferreira Junior, Geraldo Marco Rosa Junior, Cleuber Rodrigo de Souza Bueno, Domingos Donizeti Roque, Daniel Ventura Dias, Leticia Rossi Dare, Jesus Carlos Andreo
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in the repair of the buccal branch of the facial nerve with two surgical techniques: end-to-end epineural suture and coaptation with heterologous fibrin sealant. Forty-two male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups: control group (CG) in which the buccal branch of the facial nerve was collected without injury; (2) experimental group with suture (EGS) and experimental group with fibrin (EGF): The buccal branch of the facial nerve was transected on both sides of the face...
July 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26883507/survey-of-plasmodium-in-the-golden-headed-lion-tamarin-leontopithecus-chrysomelas-living-in-urban-atlantic-forest-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#6
Elizabeth Helen Aitken, Marina Galvão Bueno, Luana Dos Santos Ortolan, José M Alvaréz, Alcides Pissinatti, Maria Cecília Martins Kierulff, José Luiz Catão-Dias, Sabrina Epiphanio
BACKGROUND: Communicating the presence of potential zoonotic pathogens such as Plasmodium spp. in wild animals is important for developing both animal and human health policies. METHODS: The translocation of an exotic and invasive population of Leontopithecus chrysomelas (golden-headed lion tamarins) required the screening of these animals for specific pathogens. This studies objective was to investigate Plasmodium spp. infection in the L. chrysomelas, both to know its prevalence in these animals in the local area and to minimize the risk of pathogens being translocated to the destination site...
2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26685992/reciprocal-activation-inactivation-of-erk-in-the-amygdala-and-frontal-cortex-is-correlated-with-the-degree-of-novelty-of-an-open-field-environment
#7
Frederico Velasco Sanguedo, Caio Vitor Bueno Dias, Flavia Regina Cruz Dias, Richard Ian Samuels, Robert J Carey, Marinete Pinheiro Carrera
RATIONALE: Phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) has been used to identify brain areas activated by exogenous stimuli including psychostimulant drugs. OBJECTIVE: Assess the role of the amygdala in emotional responses. METHODS: Experimental manipulations were performed in which environmental familiarity was the variable. To provide the maximal degree of familiarity, ERK was measured after removal from the home cage and re-placement back into the same cage...
March 2016: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26607939/nutrient-wide-association-study-of-57-foods-nutrients-and-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-in-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-study-and-the-netherlands-cohort-study
#8
Melissa A Merritt, Ioanna Tzoulaki, Piet A van den Brandt, Leo J Schouten, Konstantinos K Tsilidis, Elisabete Weiderpass, Chirag J Patel, Anne Tjønneland, Louise Hansen, Kim Overvad, Mathilde His, Laureen Dartois, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Renée T Fortner, Rudolf Kaaks, Krasimira Aleksandrova, Heiner Boeing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Pagona Lagiou, Christina Bamia, Domenico Palli, Vittorio Krogh, Rosario Tumino, Fulvio Ricceri, Amalia Mattiello, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Petra H Peeters, Guri Skeie, Mie Jareid, J Ramón Quirós, Mireia Obón-Santacana, María-José Sánchez, Saioa Chamosa, José M Huerta, Aurelio Barricarte, Joana A Dias, Emily Sonestedt, Annika Idahl, Eva Lundin, Nicholas J Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw, Ruth C Travis, Pietro Ferrari, Elio Riboli, Marc J Gunter
BACKGROUND: Studies of the role of dietary factors in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) development have been limited, and no specific dietary factors have been consistently associated with EOC risk. OBJECTIVE: We used a nutrient-wide association study approach to systematically test the association between dietary factors and invasive EOC risk while accounting for multiple hypothesis testing by using the false discovery rate and evaluated the findings in an independent cohort...
January 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26587266/tiarajudens-eccentricus-and-anomocephalus-africanus-two-bizarre-anomodonts-synapsida-therapsida-with-dental-occlusion-from-the-permian-of-gondwana
#9
Juan Carlos Cisneros, Fernando Abdala, Tea Jashashvili, Ana de Oliveira Bueno, Paula Dentzien-Dias
Anomodontia was a highly successful tetrapod clade during the Permian and the Triassic. New morphological information regarding two bizarre basal anomodonts is provided and their palaeoecological significance is explored. The osteology of the recently discovered Tiarajudens eccentricus Cisneros et al. 2011, from the Brazilian Permian, is described in detail. The taxon exhibits unusual postcranial features, including the presence of gastralia. Additional preparation and computed tomography scans of the holotype of Anomocephalus africanus Modesto et al...
July 2015: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26554655/reproductive-factors-and-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-survival-in-the-epic-cohort-study
#10
Jelena Bešević, Marc J Gunter, Renée T Fortner, Konstantinos K Tsilidis, Elisabete Weiderpass, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Laure Dossus, Anne Tjønneland, Louise Hansen, Kim Overvad, Sylvie Mesrine, Laura Baglietto, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Rudolf Kaaks, Krasimira Aleksandrova, Heiner Boeing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Pagona Lagiou, Christina Bamia, Giovanna Masala, Claudia Agnoli, Rosario Tumino, Fulvio Ricceri, Salvatore Panico, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Petra H Peeters, Mie Jareid, J Ramón Quirós, Eric J Duell, María-José Sánchez, Nerea Larrañaga, María-Dolores Chirlaque, Aurelio Barricarte, Joana A Dias, Emily Sonestedt, Annika Idahl, Eva Lundin, Nicholas J Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw, Ruth C Travis, Sabina Rinaldi, Isabelle Romieu, Elio Riboli, Melissa A Merritt
BACKGROUND: Reproductive factors influence the risk of developing epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), but little is known about their association with survival. We tested whether prediagnostic reproductive factors influenced EOC-specific survival among 1025 invasive EOC cases identified in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study, which included 521,330 total participants (approximately 370,000 women) aged 25-70 years at recruitment from 1992 to 2000...
December 1, 2015: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26327119/insights-into-the-microbial-and-viral-dynamics-of-a-coastal-downwelling-upwelling-transition
#11
Gustavo Bueno Gregoracci, Ana Carolina Dos Santos Soares, Milene Dias Miranda, Ricardo Coutinho, Fabiano L Thompson
Although previous studies have described opposing states in upwelling regions, i.e., the rise of cold nutrient-rich waters and prevalence of surface warm nutrient-poor waters, few have addressed the transition from one state to the other. This study aimed to describe the microbial and viral structure during this transition and was able to obtain the taxonomic and metabolic compositions as well as physical-chemical data. This integrated approach allowed for a better understanding of the dynamics of the downwelling upwelling transition, suggesting that a wealth of metabolic processes and ecological interactions are occurring in the minute fractions of the plankton (femto, pico, nano)...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25944744/structure-activity-relationship-of-mastoparan-analogs-effects-of-the-number-and-positioning-of-lys-residues-on-secondary-structure-interaction-with-membrane-mimetic-systems-and-biological-activity
#12
Bibiana Monson de Souza, Marcia Perez Dos Santos Cabrera, Paulo Cesar Gomes, Nathalia Baptista Dias, Rodrigo Guerino Stabeli, Natalia Bueno Leite, João Ruggiero Neto, Mario Sergio Palma
In this study, a series of mastoparan analogs were engineered based on the strategies of Ala and Lys scanning in relation to the sequences of classical mastoparans. Ten analog mastoparans, presenting from zero to six Lys residues in their sequences were synthesized and assayed for some typical biological activities for this group of peptide: mast cell degranulation, hemolysis, and antibiosis. In relation to mast cell degranulation, the apparent structural requirement to optimize this activity was the existence of one or two Lys residues at positions 8 and/or 9...
October 2015: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25943130/pneumonia-and-bacteremia-in-a-golden-headed-lion-tamarin-leontopithecus-chrysomelas-caused-by-klebsiella-pneumoniae-subsp-pneumoniae-during-a-translocation-program-of-free-ranging-animals-in-brazil
#13
Marina G Bueno, Renata O Iovine, Luciana N Torres, José L Catão-Dias, Alcides Pissinatti, Maria C M Kierulff, Vania M Carvalho
Klebsiella pneumoniae is an important emerging pathogen in humans, particularly the invasive hypermucoviscosity (HMV) phenotype. In addition, the organism is an important public health concern because of nosocomial infections and antimicrobial resistance. Nonhuman primates in captivity are susceptible to Klebsiella, particularly when a stress factor is involved. Infections vary depending on the species but can cause significant morbidity and mortality in these animals. The objective of this study was to describe a case of bronchopneumonia and bacteremia caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae in a free-ranging golden-headed lion tamarin (Leontopithecus chrysomelas) caught and maintained in quarantine during a translocation program for conservation purposes...
May 2015: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25559518/intravitreal-injection-of-ziv-aflibercept-in-patient-with-refractory-age-related-macular-degeneration
#14
João Rafael de Oliveira Dias, Camilla Oliveira Xavier, André Maia, Nilva Simeren Bueno de Moraes, Carsten Meyer, Michel Eid Farah, Eduardo Büchele Rodrigues
The results of a patient with exudative age-related macular degeneration who received an intravitreal injection of ziv-aflibercept (Zaltrap; Sanofi-Aventis, Paris, France) in the right eye are described. A complete ocular examination as well as color fundus photography, optical coherence tomography, fluorescein angiography, microperimetry, full-field electroretinography, and multifocal electroretinography were performed and repeated 1 month later. The patient experienced subjective and objective improvement of visual acuity with a decrease in intraretinal and subretinal fluid...
January 2015: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25494200/preparation-of-spray-dried-soy-isoflavone-loaded-gelatin-microspheres-for-enhancement-of-dissolution-formulation-characterization-and-in-vitro-evaluation
#15
Gean Pier Panizzon, Fernanda Giacomini Bueno, Tânia Ueda-Nakamura, Celso Vataru Nakamura, Benedito Prado Dias Filho
The most bioactive soy isoflavones (SI), daidzein (DAI) and genistein (GEN) have poor water solubility, which reduces their bioavailability and health benefits and limits their use in industry. The goal of this study was to develop and characterize a new gelatin matrix to microencapsulate DAI and GEN from soy extract (SE) by spray drying, in order to obtain solid dispersions to overcome solubility problems and to allow controlled release. The influences of 1:2 (MP2) and 1:3 (MP3) SE/polymer ratios on the solid state, yield, morphology, encapsulation efficiency, particle size distribution, release kinetics and cumulative release were evaluated...
2014: Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25400135/effect-of-%C3%AE-hydroxy-%C3%AE-methylbutyrate-in-masticatory-muscles-of-rats
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Leticia R Daré, Daniel V Dias, Geraldo M Rosa Junior, Cleuber R S Bueno, Rogerio L Buchaim, Antonio de C Rodrigues, Jesus C Andreo
The aim of this research was to examine the influence of β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB) on changes in the profile of muscle fibers, whether these alterations were similar between the elevator and depressor muscles of the jaw, and whether the effects would be similar in male and female animals. Fifty-eight rats aged 60 days (29 animals of each gender) were divided into four groups: the initial control group (ICG) was sacrificed at the beginning of the experiment; the placebo control group (PCG) received saline and was fed ad libitum; the experimental group (EG) received 0...
January 2015: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25280687/control-of-the-properties-of-porous-chitosan-alginate-membranes-through-the-addition-of-different-proportions-of-pluronic-f68
#17
Cecilia Zorzi Bueno, Ana Maria Antunes Dias, Hermínio José Cipriano de Sousa, Mara Elga Medeiros Braga, Angela Maria Moraes
This work addresses the development and characterization of porous chitosan-alginate based polyelectrolyte complexes, obtained by using two different proportions of the biocompatible surfactant Pluronic F68. These biomaterials are proposed for applications as biodegradable and biocompatible wound dressing and/or scaffolds. The results indicate that thickness, roughness, porosity and liquid uptake of the membranes increase with the amount of surfactant used, while their mechanical properties and stability in aqueous media decrease...
November 2014: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25047219/oral-fluid-as-an-alternative-matrix-to-determine-ethanol-for-forensic-purposes
#18
Laís Helena Picolo Bueno, Ricardo Henrique Alves da Silva, Aline Vieira Azenha, Mariane Cristine de Souza Dias, Bruno Spinosa De Martinis
The present work aimed to evaluate whether it is possible to use oral fluid to monitor alcohol in drivers. In a control experiment the subjects ingested beer with an alcoholic percentage of 4.7%, in an amount that furnished 0.5 g ethanol per kg of body weight. Volunteer's urine, oral fluid, and breath were collected at 10, 30, 60, and 90 min after alcohol intake. Urine and oral fluid were analyzed by gas chromatography with FID (Flame Ionization Detector); breath was analyzed by Alcotest 7410 (Dräger). The absorption profiles correlated well...
September 2014: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24860820/libidibia-ferrea-mature-seeds-promote-antinociceptive-effect-by-peripheral-and-central-pathway-possible-involvement-of-opioid-and-cholinergic-receptors
#19
Luis Armando Sawada, Vanessa Sâmia da Conçeição Monteiro, Guilherme Rodrigues Rabelo, Germana Bueno Dias, Maura Da Cunha, José Luiz Martins do Nascimento, Gilmara de Nazareth Tavares Bastos
Libidibia ferrea (LF) is a medicinal plant that holds many pharmacological properties. We evaluated the antinociceptive effect in the LF aqueous seed extract and Lipidic Portion of Libidibia ferrea (LPLF), partially elucidating their mechanisms. Histochemical tests and Gas chromatography of the LPLF were performed to characterize its fatty acids. Acetic acid-induced abdominal constriction, formalin-induced pain, and hot-plate test in mice were employed in the study. In all experiments, aqueous extract or LPLF was administered systemically at the doses of 1, 5, and 10 mg/kg...
2014: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24646216/sero-epidemiological-survey-for-brucellosis-leptospirosis-and-toxoplasmosis-in-free-ranging-alouatta-caraya-and-callithrix-penicillata-from-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-state-brazil
#20
Camila Vieira Molina, José Luiz Catão-Dias, José Soares Ferreira Neto, Silvio Arruda Vasconcellos, Solange Maria Gennari, Rodrigo Del Rio do Valle, Gisele Oliveira de Souza, Zenaide Maria de Morais, Sérgio Netto Vitaliano, Ricardo De Francisco Strefezzi, Marina Galvão Bueno
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Sera were tested for Brucella spp., Leptospira spp. and Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in 68 free-ranging New World monkeys from a forest fragment of the Brazilian Cerrado. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: All animals were negative for Brucella spp. and Leptospira spp. However, 75% of Alouatta caraya and 16.6% of Callithrix penicillata were positive for T. gondii. The implications for conservation and health management are discussed.
June 2014: Journal of Medical Primatology
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