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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319765/muscle-thickness-of-the-pectoralis-major-and-rectus-abdominis-and-level-of-physical-activity-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients
#1
Aline Felicio Bueno, Fernando de Aguiar Lemos, Matheus Elias Ferrareze, William Antonio Martins Dos Santos, Francisco Veríssimo Veronese, Alexandre Simões Dias
INTRODUCTION: Patients on chronic hemodialysis tend to lose lean body mass and have sedentary behavior. OBJECTIVE: To compare the level of physical activity and the morphology of the muscles pectoralis major and rectus abdominis of patients on hemodialysis with healthy subjects. METHODS: We studied 17 patients and 17 healthy individuals. Muscle thickness were evaluated by ultrasound, and the level of physical activity by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), long version...
October 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136171/mating-system-and-effective-population-size-of-the-overexploited-neotropical-tree-myroxylon-peruiferum-l-f-and-their-impact-on-seedling-production
#2
Ellida de Aguiar Silvestre, Kaiser Dias Schwarcz, Carolina Grando, Jaqueline Bueno de Campos, Patricia Sanae Sujii, Evandro Vagner Tambarussi, Camila Menezes Trindade Macrini, José Baldin Pinheiro, Pedro Henrique Santin Brancalion, Maria Imaculada Zucchi
The reproductive system of a tree species has substantial impact on genetic diversity and structure within and among natural populations. Such information, should be considered when planning tree planting for forest restoration. Here, we describe the mating system and genetic diversity of an overexploited Neotropical tree, Myroxylon peruiferum L.f. (Fabaceae) sampled from a forest remnant (10 seed trees and 200 seeds) and assess whether the effective population size of nursery-grown seedlings (148 seedlings) is sufficient to prevent inbreeding depression in reintroduced populations...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114906/evaluation-of-three-chemical-immobilization-protocols-in-golden-headed-lion-tamarins-leontopithecus-chrysomelas-undergoing-vasectomy-surgery
#3
Mario A Ferraro, Camila V Molina, José L Catão-Dias, Maria C M Kierulff, Alcides Pissinatti, Marina G Bueno, Silvia R G Cortopassi
BACKGROUND: The golden-headed lion tamarin (Leontopithecus chrysomelas), originally endemic to Bahia, was introduced in Rio de Janeiro. The species is currently found in remaining forests within the region of original occupation of the golden lion tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia), which may compromise the survival of the golden lion tamarin. Groups of golden-headed lion tamarins were captured and translocated to Bahia. However, the area chosen reached its limit and males underwent to vasectomy procedures...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078742/a-single-session-of-moderate-intensity-walking-increases-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-bdnf-in-the-chronic-post-stroke-patients
#4
Viviane Aparecida Carvalho de Morais, Marina Ferreira da Silva Tourino, Ana Carolina de Souza Almeida, Thaís Bueno Dias Albuquerque, Roberta Castro Linhares, Paulo Pereira Christo, Patrícia Massara Martinelli, Paula Luciana Scalzo
Background Aerobic exercise, even for short durations, may promote an increase in serum concentrations of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). However, it is necessary to determine the optimal exercise types and intensities to increase BDNF levels. Objectives This aim of this study was investigate the effects of mild and moderate intensity acute aerobic exercise on serum BDNF levels in patients in the chronic post-stroke phase. Methods The participants answered a socio-demographic questionnaire, cognitive assessment (Mini Mental State Examination), assessment of depressive symptoms (Hamilton Depression Scale), fatigue (Fatigue Severity Scale) and functional capacity (6-minute walk test)...
October 27, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902934/assessment-and-management-of-pain-in-newborns-hospitalized-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Natália Pinheiro Braga Sposito, Lisabelle Mariano Rossato, Mariana Bueno, Amélia Fumiko Kimura, Taine Costa, Danila Maria Batista Guedes
Objective: to determine the frequency of pain, to verify the measures adopted for pain relief during the first seven days of hospitalization in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit and to identify the type and frequency of invasive procedures to which newborns are submitted. Method: cross-sectional retrospective study. Out of the 188 hospitalizations occurred during the 12-month period, 171 were included in the study. The data were collected from the charts and the presence of pain was analyzed based on the Neonatal Infant Pain Scale and on nursing notes suggestions of pain...
September 12, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767963/-the-flexibilization-of-the-brazilian-legislation-on-pesticides-and-the-risks-to-human-health-analysis-of-bill-of-law-3-200-2015
#6
Mirella Dias Almeida, Thais Araújo Cavendish, Priscila Campos Bueno, Iara Campos Ervilha, Luisa De Sordi Gregório, Natiela Beatriz de Oliveira Kanashiro, Daniela Buosi Rohlfs, Thenille Faria Machado do Carmo
This article aims to contribute to a reflection on pesticides, based on the Brazilian legal framework, from the perspective of protecting human health and the environment. This initiative is due to successive attempts to flexibilize the regulation of pesticides in Brazil, through bills of law in progress in the Brazilian National Congress. An analysis of Bill of Law 3,200/2015 was carried out. This bill of law represents a major setback to the legislative achievements for the regulation of pesticides, in order to alert to the risks to human health from exposure to these products and aggravated by other similar proposals...
July 27, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570909/raman-spectral-characteristics-of-neck-and-head-of-femur-in-low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-gene-knockout-mice-submitted-to-treadmill-aerobic-training
#7
Gabriela Loiola Camargo, Renato Aparecido de Souza, Dênis Bueno da Silva, José Antônio Dias Garcia, Landulfo Silveira
Hypercholesterolemia is associated with deterioration of bone tissue. Trough Raman spectroscopy, the present study aimed to assess the molecular changes in terms of mineral and organic bone-tissue remodeling in low-density lipoprotein receptor gene knockout mice (LDLr-/-) submitted to treadmill aerobic training. In order to evaluate alterations in trabecular bone and cartilage surface, neck and head femoral were assessed into four groups: (CON, n=7), the 1) animals did not perform any physical activity and had hypercholesterolemia (CON, n=7); The trained groups where animals underwent a protocols of low, moderate and high training for 8weeks and 4 times per week on a treadmill with progressive intensities: running speed (8-13m/min) and time of exercise (20-60min)...
August 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444093/electrical-stimulation-attenuates-morphological-alterations-and-prevents-atrophy-of-the-denervated-cranial-tibial-muscle
#8
Cleuber Rodrigo de Souza Bueno, Mizael Pereira, Idvaldo Aparecido Favaretto, Carlos Henrique Fachin Bortoluci, Thais Caroline Pereira Dos Santos, Daniel Ventura Dias, Letícia Rossi Daré, Geraldo Marco Rosa
Objective: To investigate if electrical stimulation through Russian current is able to maintain morphology of the cranial tibial muscle of experimentally denervated rats. Methods: Thirty-six Wistar rats were divided into four groups: the Initial Control Group, Final Control Group, Experimental Denervated and Treated Group, Experimental Denervated Group. The electrostimulation was performed with a protocol of Russian current applied three times per week, for 45 days...
January 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432734/monogenic-diabetes-syndromes-locus-specific-databases-for-alstr%C3%A3-m-wolfram-and-thiamine-responsive-megaloblastic-anemia
#9
Dewi Astuti, Ataf Sabir, Piers Fulton, Malgorzata Zatyka, Denise Williams, Carol Hardy, Gabriella Milan, Francesca Favaretto, Patrick Yu-Wai-Man, Julia Rohayem, Miguel López de Heredia, Tamara Hershey, Lisbeth Tranebjaerg, Jian-Hua Chen, Annabel Chaussenot, Virginia Nunes, Bess Marshall, Susan McAfferty, Vallo Tillmann, Pietro Maffei, Veronique Paquis-Flucklinger, Tarekign Geberhiwot, Wojciech Mlynarski, Kay Parkinson, Virginie Picard, Gema Esteban Bueno, Renuka Dias, Amy Arnold, Caitlin Richens, Richard Paisey, Fumihiko Urano, Robert Semple, Richard Sinnott, Timothy G Barrett
We developed a variant database for diabetes syndrome genes, using the Leiden Open Variation Database platform, containing observed phenotypes matched to the genetic variations. We populated it with 628 published disease-associated variants (December 2016) for: WFS1 (n = 309), CISD2 (n = 3), ALMS1 (n = 268), and SLC19A2 (n = 48) for Wolfram type 1, Wolfram type 2, Alström, and Thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia syndromes, respectively; and included 23 previously unpublished novel germline variants in WFS1 and 17 variants in ALMS1...
July 2017: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421789/how-does-coconut-oil-affect-cognitive-performance-in-alzheimer-patients
#10
José Enrique De la Rubia Ortí, Carmen Sánchez Álvarez, Pablo Selvi Sabater, Alma María Bueno Cayo, Sandra Sancho Castillo, Mariano Julián Rochina, Iván Hu Yang
Introduction: Alzheimer’s disease is one of the most prevalent neurodegenerative dementia in developed world. This fact, coupled with the lack cure, makes new no pharmacological therapeutic strategies such as nutrient management to investigate. In this regard, it stresses the possible influence of coconut oil as alternative energy source capable of stopping the progressively neuronal death that occurs in this disease. Objectives: To assess the cognitive impact of coconut oil in Alzheimer’s patients, and specifically in orientation, language-building, fixing, calculation-concentration and memory areas...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271525/survey-of-malassezia-sp-and-dermatophytes-in-the-cutaneous-microbiome-of-free-ranging-golden-headed-lion-tamarins-leontopithecus-chrysomelas-kuhl-1820
#11
Juan Ja Neves, Marcelo Francelino, Flavia Gl Silva, Luana Cl Baptista, Marina G Bueno, José L Catão-Dias, Camila Molina, Maria Cm Kierulff, Alcides Pissinatti, Selene DA Coutinho
BACKGROUND: Data about the presence of fungi on the cutaneous surface of wild animals are scarce. The aim of this study was to survey dermatophytes and Malassezia sp in the external ear canal and haircoat of Leontopithecus chrysomelas. METHODS: A total of 928 clinical samples were collected from 232 animals: For Malassezia screening 696 samples were studied, 464 of cerumen and 232 of haircoat; another 232 haircoat samples were studied for dermatophyte analysis. RESULTS: A geophilic dermatophyte, Microsporum cookie, was isolated from one young female...
June 2017: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060137/infants-with-congenital-zika-syndrome-and-ocular-findings-from-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil-spread-of-infection
#12
João Rafael de Oliveira Dias, Camila V Ventura, Paula Delegrego Borba, Bruno de Paula Freitas, Ligia Camera Pierroti, Ana Patricia do Nascimento, Nilva Simeren Bueno de Moraes, Maurício Maia, Rubens Belfort
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To describe the ocular findings of two infants with congenital Zika syndrome born in São Paulo state, Brazil, outside the primary outbreak region. METHODS: Two female infants with congenital Zika syndrome were submitted to a complete screening for infectious diseases, as well as ocular examination, fundus photography, and optical coherence tomography of the retina. One of the infants was submitted to ocular ultrasound. RESULTS: Both children showed positive serology for Zika virus, and other infectious diseases were ruled out...
January 2, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925063/negative-serosurvey-of-toxoplasma-gondii-antibodies-in-golden-headed-lion-tamarin-leontopithecus-chrysomelas-from-niter%C3%A3-i-rj-brazil
#13
Camila Vieira Molina, Felipe da Silva Krawczak, Marina Galvão Bueno, Herbert Sousa Soares, Solange Maria Genari, Alcides Pissinatti, Maria Cecília Martins Kierulff, Tiago Ferreira da Silva, Danilo Gomes de Freitas, Larissa Cristinne Caneli, José Luiz Catão-Dias
New World Nonhuman Primates are highly susceptible to clinical toxoplasmosis. Serum samples from 126 recently captured Leontopithecus chrysomelas, from an exotic and invasive population, were tested for Toxoplasma gondii antibodies by the modified agglutination test (MAT, cut-off 1:25); all were seronegative. The MAT is highly specific and is not species-specific. This is the first report of T. gondii survey in this tamarin in the wild. This result is consistent with prior reports that showed the high susceptibility of the species to infection by T...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557020/to-donate-or-not-donate-that-is-the-question-an-analysis-of-the-critical-factors-of-blood-donation
#14
Jefferson Rodrigues Pereira, Caissa Veloso E Sousa, Eliane Bragança de Matos, Leonardo Benedito Oliveira Rezende, Natália Xavier Bueno, Álvaro Machado Dias
Currently, in Brazil, 1.78% of the population area blood donors, a level lower than the ideal one that, according to WHO, should be between 3% and 5% of the population. Following this scenario, the current study has a general goal of identifying and analyzing the main critical factors of the process of blood donation in the city of Belo Horizonte, MG, under the perception of donors, potential donors and non donors. A qualitative research approach was conducted, through twenty-four semi-structured interviews...
August 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527890/pleural-effusion-with-negative-culture-a-challenge-for-pneumococcal-diagnosis-in-children
#15
Vinicius Pieta Perez, Juliana Caierão, Gilberto Bueno Fischer, Cícero Armídio Gomes Dias, Pedro Alves d'Azevedo
BACKGROUND: Pneumococcal parapneumonic effusion seems to be increasing in children in the postvaccine era and is frequently associated with negative culture. Due to the low yield of culture, culture-independent tools are evaluated. METHODS: Culture-negative pleural fluid specimens from 38 children with parapneumonic effusion were examined for pneumococcal lytA by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and soluble antigen (C-polysaccharide) using an immunochromatographic test (BinaxNow Streptococcus pneumoniae)...
October 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27149618/the-postpharyngeal-gland-specialized-organ-for-lipid-nutrition-in-leaf-cutting-ants
#16
Pâmela Decio, Alexsandro Santana Vieira, Nathalia Baptista Dias, Mario Sergio Palma, Odair Correa Bueno
There are several hypotheses about the possible functions of the postpharyngeal gland (PPG) in ants. The proposed functions include roles as cephalic or gastric caeca and diverticulum of the digestive tract, mixing of hydrocarbons, nestmate recognition, feeding larvae, and the accumulation of lipids inside this gland, whose origin is contradictory. The current study aimed to investigate the functions of these glands by examining the protein expression profile of the PPGs of Atta sexdens rubropilosa (Hymenoptera, Formicidae)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27112578/the-new-heterologous-fibrin-sealant-in-combination-with-low-level-laser-therapy-lllt-in-the-repair-of-the-buccal-branch-of-the-facial-nerve
#17
Daniela Vieira Buchaim, Antonio de Castro Rodrigues, Rogerio Leone Buchaim, Benedito Barraviera, Rui Seabra Ferreira Junior, Geraldo Marco Rosa Junior, Cleuber Rodrigo de Souza Bueno, Domingos Donizeti Roque, Daniel Ventura Dias, Leticia Rossi Dare, Jesus Carlos Andreo
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in the repair of the buccal branch of the facial nerve with two surgical techniques: end-to-end epineural suture and coaptation with heterologous fibrin sealant. Forty-two male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups: control group (CG) in which the buccal branch of the facial nerve was collected without injury; (2) experimental group with suture (EGS) and experimental group with fibrin (EGF): The buccal branch of the facial nerve was transected on both sides of the face...
July 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26883507/survey-of-plasmodium-in-the-golden-headed-lion-tamarin-leontopithecus-chrysomelas-living-in-urban-atlantic-forest-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#18
Elizabeth Helen Aitken, Marina Galvão Bueno, Luana Dos Santos Ortolan, José M Alvaréz, Alcides Pissinatti, Maria Cecília Martins Kierulff, José Luiz Catão-Dias, Sabrina Epiphanio
BACKGROUND: Communicating the presence of potential zoonotic pathogens such as Plasmodium spp. in wild animals is important for developing both animal and human health policies. METHODS: The translocation of an exotic and invasive population of Leontopithecus chrysomelas (golden-headed lion tamarins) required the screening of these animals for specific pathogens. This studies objective was to investigate Plasmodium spp. infection in the L. chrysomelas, both to know its prevalence in these animals in the local area and to minimize the risk of pathogens being translocated to the destination site...
February 17, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26685992/reciprocal-activation-inactivation-of-erk-in-the-amygdala-and-frontal-cortex-is-correlated-with-the-degree-of-novelty-of-an-open-field-environment
#19
Frederico Velasco Sanguedo, Caio Vitor Bueno Dias, Flavia Regina Cruz Dias, Richard Ian Samuels, Robert J Carey, Marinete Pinheiro Carrera
RATIONALE: Phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) has been used to identify brain areas activated by exogenous stimuli including psychostimulant drugs. OBJECTIVE: Assess the role of the amygdala in emotional responses. METHODS: Experimental manipulations were performed in which environmental familiarity was the variable. To provide the maximal degree of familiarity, ERK was measured after removal from the home cage and re-placement back into the same cage...
March 2016: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26607939/nutrient-wide-association-study-of-57-foods-nutrients-and-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-in-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-study-and-the-netherlands-cohort-study
#20
Melissa A Merritt, Ioanna Tzoulaki, Piet A van den Brandt, Leo J Schouten, Konstantinos K Tsilidis, Elisabete Weiderpass, Chirag J Patel, Anne Tjønneland, Louise Hansen, Kim Overvad, Mathilde His, Laureen Dartois, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Renée T Fortner, Rudolf Kaaks, Krasimira Aleksandrova, Heiner Boeing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Pagona Lagiou, Christina Bamia, Domenico Palli, Vittorio Krogh, Rosario Tumino, Fulvio Ricceri, Amalia Mattiello, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Petra H Peeters, Guri Skeie, Mie Jareid, J Ramón Quirós, Mireia Obón-Santacana, María-José Sánchez, Saioa Chamosa, José M Huerta, Aurelio Barricarte, Joana A Dias, Emily Sonestedt, Annika Idahl, Eva Lundin, Nicholas J Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw, Ruth C Travis, Pietro Ferrari, Elio Riboli, Marc J Gunter
BACKGROUND: Studies of the role of dietary factors in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) development have been limited, and no specific dietary factors have been consistently associated with EOC risk. OBJECTIVE: We used a nutrient-wide association study approach to systematically test the association between dietary factors and invasive EOC risk while accounting for multiple hypothesis testing by using the false discovery rate and evaluated the findings in an independent cohort...
January 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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