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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396822/commentary-pre-and-posttrauma-predictors-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptom-severity-reply-to-van-der-velden-and-van-der-knaap-2017
#1
COMMENT
Christin M Ogle, David C Rubin, Ilene C Siegler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270333/longitudinal-associations-between-ptsd-symptoms-and-dyadic-conflict-communication-following-a-severe-motor-vehicle-accident
#2
Steffany J Fredman, J Gayle Beck, Philippe Shnaider, Yunying Le, Nicole D Pukay-Martin, Kimberly Z Pentel, Candice M Monson, Naomi M Simon, Luana Marques
There are well-documented associations between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and intimate relationship impairments, including dysfunctional communication at times of relationship conflict. To date, the extant research on the associations between PTSD symptom severity and conflict communication has been cross-sectional and focused on military and veteran couples. No published work has evaluated the extent to which PTSD symptom severity and communication at times of relationship conflict influence each other over time or in civilian samples...
March 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135019/acute-stress-disorder-and-the-transition-to-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-prevalence-course-prognosis-diagnostic-suitability-and-risk-markers
#3
Richard Meiser-Stedman, Anna McKinnon, Clare Dixon, Adrian Boyle, Patrick Smith, Tim Dalgleish
BACKGROUND: Early recovery from trauma exposure in youth is poorly understood. This prospective longitudinal study examined the early course of traumatic stress responses in recently trauma-exposed youth, evaluated the revised DSM-5 acute stress disorder (ASD) and PTSD diagnoses and alternative diagnoses, and identified risk factors for persistent traumatic stress. METHOD: Participants were 8- to 17-year-old emergency departments attendees exposed to single incident traumas...
April 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127474/traumatic-foreign-body-into-the-face-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Maysa Nogueira de Barros Melo, Lidyane Nunes Pantoja, Sara Juliana de Abreu de Vasconcellos, Viviane Almeida Sarmento, Christiano Sampaio Queiroz
This paper describes a case of mouth opening limitation, secondary to a facial trauma by cutting-piercing instrument, whose fragments had not been diagnosed in the immediate posttrauma care. Description of an unusual surgical maneuver and a literature review are presented.
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087128/intranasal-oxytocin-to-prevent-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-emergency-department-patients
#5
Mirjam van Zuiden, Jessie L Frijling, Laura Nawijn, Saskia B J Koch, J Carel Goslings, Jan S Luitse, Tessa H Biesheuvel, Adriaan Honig, Dick J Veltman, Miranda Olff
BACKGROUND: There are currently few preventive interventions available for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Intranasal oxytocin administration early after trauma may prevent PTSD, because oxytocin administration was previously found to beneficially impact PTSD vulnerability factors, including neural fear responsiveness, peripheral stress reactivity, and socioemotional functioning. Therefore, we investigated the effects of intranasal oxytocin administration early after trauma on subsequent clinician-rated PTSD symptoms...
December 8, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977223/randomized-controlled-trial-to-dismantle-exposure-relaxation-and-rescripting-therapy-errt-for-trauma-related-nightmares
#6
Kristi E Pruiksma, Christopher C Cranston, Jamie L Rhudy, Rachel L Micol, Joanne L Davis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a preliminary dismantling study of exposure, relaxation, and rescripting therapy (ERRT) for nightmares. METHOD: Participants (N = 70) were randomized to 1 of 2 conditions: ERRT with nightmare exposure and rescripting (full protocol; EX) or ERRT without nightmare exposure and rescripting (NEX). Participants completed follow-ups at 1 week, 3 months, and 6 months posttreatment. RESULTS: Both conditions yielded statistically significant improvements with medium to large effect sizes on primary outcomes related to nightmares (i...
December 15, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929306/posttraumatic-growth-in-pediatric-intensive-care-personnel-dependence-on-resilience-and-coping-strategies
#7
Rocío Rodríguez-Rey, Alba Palacios, Jesús Alonso-Tapia, Elena Pérez, Elena Álvarez, Ana Coca, Santiago Mencía, Ana Maria Marcos, Juan Mayordomo-Colunga, Francisco Fernández, Fernando Gómez, Jaime Cruz, Luisa Barón, Rosa María Calderón, Sylvia Belda
OBJECTIVE: Staff in pediatric intensive care units (PICU) are inherently exposed to potentially traumatic events. Posttraumatic growth (PTG) is the occurrence of positive changes after experiencing a traumatic event. This study aims (a) to evaluate the prevalence of PTG in PICU staff, and whether their scores are different from those reported by professionals working in other pediatric units, (b) to explore the role of resilience and coping strategies in predicting PTG, and (c) to explore the relation of demographic and work-related variables with PTG...
December 8, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835714/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-young-children-3-years-posttrauma-prevalence-and-longitudinal-predictors
#8
Richard Meiser-Stedman, Patrick Smith, William Yule, Edward Glucksman, Tim Dalgleish
OBJECTIVE: Age-appropriate criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in young children have been established. The present study investigated the long-term course of such PTSD and its predictors in young children. METHODS: Young children (aged 2-10 years) and parents/caregivers who had attended emergency departments after motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) between May 2004 and November 2005 were assessed at 2 to 4 weeks and 6 months post-MVC; 71 families were re-interviewed 3 years post-MVC...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799012/selective-brain-hypothermia-mitigates-brain-damage-and-improves-neurological-outcome-after-post-traumatic-decompressive-craniectomy-in-mice
#9
Jacek Szczygielski, Andreas Müller, Angelika E Mautes, Christoph Sippl, Cosmin Glameanu, Karsten Schwerdtfeger, Wolf-Ingo Steudel, Joachim Oertel
Hypothermia and decompressive craniectomy (DC) have been considered as treatment for traumatic brain injury. The present study investigates whether selective brain hypothermia added to craniectomy could improve neurological outcome after brain trauma. Male CD-1 mice were assigned into the following groups: sham; DC; closed head injury (CHI); CHI followed by craniectomy (CHI+DC); and CHI+DC followed by focal hypothermia (CHI+DC+H). At 24 h post-trauma, animals were subjected to Neurological Severity Score (NSS) test and Beam Balance Score test...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748249/effects-of-sleep-after-experimental-trauma-on-intrusive-emotional-memories
#10
Birgit Kleim, Julia Wysokowsky, Nuria Schmid, Erich Seifritz, Björn Rasch
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To investigate sleep's effect in the immediate aftermath of experiencing an analog trauma in the laboratory on reducing intrusive emotional memory formation. METHODS: Sixty-five healthy women were exposed to an experimental laboratory trauma. They viewed a neutral and a trauma film in the laboratory and were randomly allocated to either a group that slept following film viewing or a group that remained awake. Sleep was recorded with electroencephalogram in a subgroup of participants in the sleep group...
December 1, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688924/ischemic-strokes-observations-from-a-hospital-based-stroke-registry-in-bangladesh
#11
Nirmalendu Bikash Bhowmik, Aamir Abbas, Mohammad Saifuddin, Md Rashedul Islam, Rumana Habib, Aminur Rahman, Md Amirul Haque, Zahid Hassan, Mohammad Wasay
Background. Stroke is an important morbidity for low and middle income countries like Bangladesh. We established the first stroke registry in Bangladesh. Methods. Data was collected from stroke patients who were admitted in Department of Neurology of BIRDEM with first ever stroke, aged between 30 and 90 years. Patients with intracerebral hemorrhage, subarachnoid and subdural hemorrhage, and posttrauma features were excluded. Results. Data was gathered from 679 stroke patients. Mean age was 60.6 years. Almost 68% of patients were male...
2016: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652138/exploring-trauma-associated-appraisals-in-trauma-survivors-from-collectivistic-cultures
#12
Alberta Engelbrecht, Laura Jobson
Appraisals are a key feature in understanding an individual's experience; this is especially important when the experience is a traumatic one. However, research is diminutive when looking at the interaction between trauma appraisals and culture in relation to posttraumatic stress disorder using qualitative methodologies. This study explored cultural differences in perceptions and appraisals of trauma using three qualitative focus groups with community members (n = 11) from collectivistic cultures who had experienced a traumatic event and three qualitative individual key informant interviews with mental health practitioners (n = 3) routinely working with trauma survivors...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642804/a-question-of-who-not-if-psychological-disorders-in-holocaust-survivors-children
#13
Yael Danieli, Fran H Norris, Brian Engdahl
Objective: Because findings on the mental health status of Holocaust survivors' offspring have been inconsistent, we aimed to identify factors that place some offspring at greater risk for developing mood or anxiety disorders. Method: Using a web-based survey and structured clinical interviews with adult children of survivors, we attempted to predict disorders from offspring's circumstances, perceptions of parents' posttrauma adaptational styles, and self-reported reparative adaptational impacts. Posttrauma adaptational styles encompass intrafamilial and interpersonal psychological, social and behavioral coping, mastery, and defense mechanisms used by each parent...
September 19, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607765/grief-traumatic-stress-and-posttraumatic-growth-in-women-who-have-experienced-pregnancy-loss
#14
Daniel Jay Krosch, Jane Shakespeare-Finch
Objective: Pregnancy loss is common and can be devastating for those who experience it. However, a historical focus on negative outcomes, and grief in particular, has rendered an incomplete portrait of both the gravity of the loss, and the potential for growth in its wake. Consistent with contemporary models of growth following bereavement, this study explored the occurrence of posttraumatic growth following pregnancy loss and further assessed the role of core belief disruptions and common loss context factors across perinatal grief, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and posttraumatic growth...
September 8, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548470/the-role-of-resilience-and-gratitude-in-posttraumatic-stress-and-growth-following-a-campus-shooting
#15
Julie Vieselmeyer, Jeff Holguin, Amy Mezulis
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the role of resilience and gratitude in the relationship between trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress (PTS), and posttraumatic growth (PTG) following the campus shooting at Seattle Pacific University. The prevalence of community traumatic events such as school shootings has increased dramatically in the last decade. However, a significant number of individuals report positive changes such as enhanced appreciation for life, suggesting that some people are able to convert adverse experiences into personal growth...
January 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405098/intrusive-cognitive-content-and-postdeployment-distress
#16
Jillian C Shipherd, Kristalyn Salters-Pedneault, Alexis Matza
Although intrusive cognitions (ICs) are common posttrauma, little is known about trauma-related IC content, or associations between IC content and posttraumatic adjustment. A mixed-method cross-sectional approach was used in a secondary analysis of IC content and postdeployment distress. Participants were 1,521 U.S. Army soldiers 3-12 months postdeployment reporting their most distressing postdeployment ICs (mean number of ICs reported was 1.20). ICs were transcribed and content was categorized by 13 emergent themes...
August 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27395050/psychospiritual-resiliency-enhancing-mental-health-and-ecclesiastical-collaboration-in-caring-for-those-experiencing-dissociative-phenomena
#17
Christopher J Howard
Trauma can oftentimes be a catalyst for changes in an individual's religious and spiritual beliefs. Beliefs about the cause of the trauma, for instance, may include attributions of possessing spirits, and are to be found in an increasingly pluralistic and multicultural society. Such preternatural explanations may be referred to as dissociative identity disorder, possession form. Unwittingly, an overreliance on neurobiological explanations and relegation of cultural idioms of distress may diminish effective collaboration with ecclesiastical authorities...
July 9, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27269293/a-population-based-study-of-help-seeking-and-self-medication-among-trauma-exposed-individuals
#18
Christina Sheerin, Erin C Berenz, Gun Peggy Knudsen, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Kenneth S Kendler, Steven H Aggen, Ananda B Amstadter
Epidemiologic studies of trauma highlight the imbalance between prevalence of psychiatric diagnoses and help seeking. We investigated prevalence and correlates of help seeking and self-medication in Norwegian adults with trauma history with a focus on common posttrauma outcomes of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders (alcohol or drug). Participants reporting at least 1 PTSD symptom (n = 307) were asked if they consulted with a doctor/another professional (help seeking) or used drugs/alcohol (self-medication) for trauma-related problems...
November 2016: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27243573/trajectories-of-daily-ptsd-symptoms-in-recent-traumatic-injury-victims
#19
Bryce Hruska, Maria L Pacella, Richard L George, Douglas L Delahanty
OBJECTIVE: Prior research has identified different PTSD symptom (PTSS) trajectories over months and years posttrauma that warrant different levels of clinical attention. Earlier identification of at-risk trauma victims can facilitate efficient and appropriate intervention efforts. METHOD: Using latent class growth analysis, we examined daily PTSS trajectories beginning 6 weeks postinjury in 68 injury victims. Resulting classes were compared on key characteristics at 6 and 21 weeks postinjury...
November 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190987/efficiency-analysis-of-direct-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-in-elderly-patients-with-blunt-traumatic-hemothorax-without-an-initial-thoracostomy
#20
Wen-Yen Huang, I-Yin Lu, Chyan Yang, Yi-Pin Chou, Hsing-Lin Lin
Hemothorax is common in elderly patients following blunt chest trauma. Traditionally, tube thoracostomy is the first choice for managing this complication. The goal of this study was to determine the benefits of this approach in elderly patients with and without an initial tube thoracostomy. Seventy-eight patients aged >65 years with blunt chest trauma and stable vital signs were included. All of them had more than 300 mL of hemothorax, indicating that a tube thoracostomy was necessary. The basic demographic data and clinical outcomes of patients with hemothorax who underwent direct video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery without a tube thoracostomy were compared with those who received an initial tube thoracostomy...
2016: BioMed Research International
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