keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Drosophila cancer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644726/cytotoxic-and-genotoxic-actions-of-casiopeina-iii-ea-cas-iii-ea-in-somatic-and-germ-cells-of-drosophila-melanogaster
#1
L M Vidal, E Pimentel, M P Cruces, S Hernández, L Ruiz-Azuara
Casiopeinas® are a group of newly synthesized drugs designed to treat cancer. These copper (Cu) complexes exhibit cytostatic, cytotoxic, genotoxic, and antineoplastic activities through different mechanisms of action. To evaluate the influence of these compounds, some in vivo studies were performed using predominantly somatic cells. The aim of the present study was to examine the cytotoxic and genotoxic actions of Casiopeina III-Ea (Cas III-Ea) in somatic as well as germ cells of Drosophila melanogaster. For cytotoxicity, the productivity and some morphometric parameters were measured and genotoxicity was assessed by means of the somatic mutation and recombination test assay in the wing...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640815/an-autonomous-metabolic-role-for-spen
#2
Kelsey E Hazegh, Travis Nemkov, Angelo D'Alessandro, John D Diller, Jenifer Monks, James L McManaman, Kenneth L Jones, Kirk C Hansen, Tânia Reis
Preventing obesity requires a precise balance between deposition into and mobilization from fat stores, but regulatory mechanisms are incompletely understood. Drosophila Split ends (Spen) is the founding member of a conserved family of RNA-binding proteins involved in transcriptional regulation and frequently mutated in human cancers. We find that manipulating Spen expression alters larval fat levels in a cell-autonomous manner. Spen-depleted larvae had defects in energy liberation from stores, including starvation sensitivity and major changes in the levels of metabolic enzymes and metabolites, particularly those involved in β-oxidation...
June 22, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623304/identification-of-transcripts-with-short-stuorfs-as-targets-for-denr%C3%A2-mcts1-dependent-translation-in-human-cells
#3
Sibylle Schleich, Julieta M Acevedo, Katharina Clemm von Hohenberg, Aurelio A Teleman
The non-canonical initiation factors DENR and MCTS1 have been linked to cancer and autism. We recently showed in Drosophila that DENR and MCTS1 regulate translation re-initiation on transcripts containing upstream Open Reading Frames (uORFs) with strong Kozak sequences (stuORFs). Due to the medical relevance of DENR and MCTS1, it is worthwhile identifying the transcripts in human cells that depend on DENR and MCTS1 for their translation. We show here that in humans, as in Drosophila, transcripts with short stuORFs require DENR and MCTS1 for their optimal expression...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619822/cop9-signalosome-subunits-protect-capicua-from-map-kinase-dependent-and-independent-mechanisms-of-degradation
#4
Annabelle Suisse, DanQing He, Kevin Legent, Jessica E Treisman
The COP9 signalosome removes Nedd8 modifications from the Cullin subunits of ubiquitin ligase complexes, reducing their activity. Here we show that mutations in the Drosophila COP9 signalosome subunit 1b (CSN1b) gene increase the activity of ubiquitin ligases that contain Cullin 1. Analysis of CSN1b mutant phenotypes revealed a requirement for the COP9 signalosome to prevent ectopic expression of Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) target genes. It does so by protecting Capicua, a transcriptional repressor of EGFR target genes, from EGFR pathway-dependent ubiquitination by a Cullin 1/SKP1-related A/Archipelago E3 ligase and subsequent proteasomal degradation...
June 15, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612512/the-germline-factor-ddx4-functions-in-blood-derived-cancer-cell-phenotypes
#5
Natalie Schudrowitz, Satoshi Takagi, Gary M Wessel, Mamiko Yajima
DDX4 (the human ortholog of Drosophila Vasa) is an RNA helicase and is present in the germ lines of all metazoans tested. It was historically thought to be expressed specifically in germline cells, but with additional organisms studied, it is now clear that in some animals DDX4/Vasa functions outside of the germline, in a variety of somatic cells in the embryo and adult. In this report, we document that DDX4 is widely expressed in soma-derived cancer cell lines, including myeloma (IM-9) and leukemia (THP-1) cells...
June 14, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588207/capping-enzyme-mrna-cap-rngtt-regulates-hedgehog-pathway-activity-by-antagonizing-protein-kinase-a
#6
Ping Chen, Zizhang Zhou, Xia Yao, Shu Pang, Meijing Liu, Weirong Jiang, Jin Jiang, Qing Zhang
Hedgehog (Hh) signaling plays a pivotal role in animal development and its deregulation in humans causes birth defects and several types of cancer. Protein Kinase A (PKA) modulates Hh signaling activity through phosphorylating the transcription factor Cubitus interruptus (Ci) and G protein coupled receptor (GPCR) family protein Smoothened (Smo) in Drosophila, but how PKA activity is regulated remains elusive. Here, we identify a novel regulator of the Hh pathway, the capping-enzyme mRNA-cap, which positively regulates Hh signaling activity through modulating PKA activity...
June 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581519/autophagy-suppresses-ras-driven-epithelial-tumourigenesis-by-limiting-the-accumulation-of-reactive-oxygen-species
#7
J Manent, S Banerjee, R de Matos Simoes, T Zoranovic, C Mitsiades, J M Penninger, K J Simpson, P O Humbert, H E Richardson
Activation of Ras signalling occurs in ~30% of human cancers; however, activated Ras alone is not sufficient for tumourigenesis. In a screen for tumour suppressors that cooperate with oncogenic Ras (Ras(V12)) in Drosophila, we identified genes involved in the autophagy pathway. Bioinformatic analysis of human tumours revealed that several core autophagy genes, including GABARAP, correlate with oncogenic KRAS mutations and poor prognosis in human pancreatic cancer, supporting a potential tumour-suppressive effect of the pathway in Ras-driven human cancers...
June 5, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574763/the-dark-side-of-hippo-signaling-a-cancer-promoter-role
#8
Brandon Dunn, Xianjue Ma
The Hippo signaling pathway regulates organ size and tissue homeostasis. Given this role it is unsurprising that dysregulation of this pathway has implications for cancer progression. A convincing body of literature shows that the Hippo pathway serves a tumor suppressive function with its inactivation leading to massive overgrowth. However, additional studies have also shown that activation of Hippo signaling can promote tumor progression. It remains unknown how a single pathway can produce such diametrically opposed effects...
June 2, 2017: Fly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571774/modulatory-effects-of-metformin-on-mutagenicity-and-epithelial-tumor-incidence-in-doxorubicin-treated-drosophila-melanogaster
#9
Victor Constante Oliveira, Sarah Alves Rodrigues Constante, Priscila Capelari Orsolin, Júlio César Nepomuceno, Alexandre Azenha Alves de Rezende, Mário Antônio Spanó
Metformin (MET) is an anti-diabetic drug used to prevent hepatic glucose release and increase tissue insulin sensitivity. Diabetic cancer patients are on additional therapy with anticancer drugs. Doxorubicin (DXR) is a cancer chemotherapeutic agent that interferes with the topoisomerase II enzyme and generates free radicals. MET (2.5, 5, 10, 25 or 50 mM) alone was examined for mutagenicity, recombinogenicity and carcinogenicity, and combined with DXR (0.4 mM) for antimutagenicity, antirecombinogenicity and anticarcinogenicity, using the Somatic Mutation and Recombination Test and the Test for Detecting Epithelial Tumor Clones in Drosophila melanogaster...
May 29, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523286/synthetic-lethality-screens-using-rnai-in-combination-with-crispr-based-knockout-in-drosophila-cells
#10
Benjamin E Housden, Hilary E Nicholson, Norbert Perrimon
A synthetic lethal interaction is a type of genetic interaction where the disruption of either of two genes individually has little effect but their combined disruption is lethal. Knowledge of synthetic lethal interactions can allow for elucidation of network structure and identification of candidate drug targets for human diseases such as cancer. In Drosophila, combinatorial gene disruption has been achieved previously by combining multiple RNAi reagents. Here we describe a protocol for high-throughput combinatorial gene disruption by combining CRISPR and RNAi...
February 5, 2017: Bio-protocol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520736/the-bantam-microrna-acts-through-numb-to-exert-cell-growth-control-and-feedback-regulation-of-notch-in-tumor-forming-stem-cells-in-the-drosophila-brain
#11
Yen-Chi Wu, Kyu-Sun Lee, Yan Song, Stephan Gehrke, Bingwei Lu
Notch (N) signaling is central to the self-renewal of neural stem cells (NSCs) and other tissue stem cells. Its deregulation compromises tissue homeostasis and contributes to tumorigenesis and other diseases. How N regulates stem cell behavior in health and disease is not well understood. Here we show that N regulates bantam (ban) microRNA to impact cell growth, a process key to NSC maintenance and particularly relied upon by tumor-forming cancer stem cells. Notch signaling directly regulates ban expression at the transcriptional level, and ban in turn feedback regulates N activity through negative regulation of the Notch inhibitor Numb...
May 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510116/obscure-functions-the-location-function-relationship-of-obscurins
#12
REVIEW
Heather R Manring, Olivia A Carter, Maegen A Ackermann
The obscurin family of polypeptides is essential for normal striated muscle function and contributes to the pathogenesis of fatal diseases, including cardiomyopathies and cancers. The single mammalian obscurin gene, OBSCN, gives rise to giant (∼800 kDa) and smaller (∼40-500 kDa) proteins that are composed of tandem adhesion and signaling motifs. Mammalian obscurin proteins are expressed in a variety of cell types, including striated muscles, and localize to distinct subcellular compartments where they contribute to diverse cellular processes...
March 29, 2017: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509532/nanodiamonds-mediate-oral-delivery-of-proteins-for-stem-cell-activation-and-intestinal-remodeling-in-drosophila
#13
Xingjie Hu, Xiaojiao Li, Min Yin, Ping Li, Ping Huang, Lihua Wang, Yiguo Jiang, Hui Wang, Nan Chen, Chunhai Fan, Haiyun Song
Introduction of exogenous biomacromolecules into living systems is of great interest in genome editing, cancer immunotherapy, and stem cell reprogramming. Whereas current strategies generally depend on nucleic acids transfection, direct delivery of functional proteins that provides enhanced specificity, increased safety, and fast and temporal regulation is highly desirable. Nevertheless, intracellular delivery of intact and bioactive proteins, especially in vivo, remains poorly explored. In this study, we developed a nanodiamonds (NDs)-based protein delivery system in cultured cells and in Drosophila that showed high adsorption, high efficiency, and effective cytosolic release of fully functional proteins...
June 7, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508872/actin-stress-fiber-organization-promotes-cell-stiffening-and-proliferation-of-pre-invasive-breast-cancer-cells
#14
Sandra Tavares, André Filipe Vieira, Anna Verena Taubenberger, Margarida Araújo, Nuno Pimpao Martins, Catarina Brás-Pereira, António Polónia, Maik Herbig, Clara Barreto, Oliver Otto, Joana Cardoso, José B Pereira-Leal, Jochen Guck, Joana Paredes, Florence Janody
Studies of the role of actin in tumour progression have highlighted its key contribution in cell softening associated with cell invasion. Here, using a human breast cell line with conditional Src induction, we demonstrate that cells undergo a stiffening state prior to acquiring malignant features. This state is characterized by the transient accumulation of stress fibres and upregulation of Ena/VASP-like (EVL). EVL, in turn, organizes stress fibres leading to transient cell stiffening, ERK-dependent cell proliferation, as well as enhancement of Src activation and progression towards a fully transformed state...
May 16, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508063/the-long-noncoding-rna-sprightly-acts-as-an-intranuclear-organizing-hub-for-pre-mrna-molecules
#15
Bongyong Lee, Anupama Sahoo, John Marchica, Erwin Holzhauser, Xiaoli Chen, Jian-Liang Li, Tatsuya Seki, Subramaniam Shyamala Govindarajan, Fatu Badiane Markey, Mona Batish, Sonali J Lokhande, Shaojie Zhang, Animesh Ray, Ranjan J Perera
Molecular mechanisms by which long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) molecules may influence cancerous condition are poorly understood. The aberrant expression of SPRIGHTLY lncRNA, encoded within the drosophila gene homolog Sprouty-4 intron, is correlated with a variety of cancers, including human melanomas. We demonstrate by SHAPE-seq and dChIRP that SPRIGHTLY RNA secondary structure has a core pseudoknotted domain. This lncRNA interacts with the intronic regions of six pre-mRNAs: SOX5, SMYD3, SND1, MEOX2, DCTN6, and RASAL2, all of which have cancer-related functions...
May 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495673/parallel-imaging-of-drosophila-embryos-for-quantitative-analysis-of-genetic-perturbations-of-the-ras-pathway
#16
Yogesh Goyal, Thomas J Levario, Henry H Mattingly, Susan Holmes, Stanislav Y Shvartsman, Hang Lu
The Ras pathway patterns the poles of the Drosophila embryo by downregulating the levels and activity of a DNA-binding transcriptional repressor Capicua (Cic). We demonstrate that the spatiotemporal pattern of Cic during this signaling event can be harnessed for functional studies of the Ras-pathway mutations from human diseases. Our approach relies on a new microfluidic device that enables parallel imaging of Cic dynamics in dozens of live embryos. We found that although the pattern of Cic in early embryos is complex, it can be accurately approximated by a product of one spatial profile and one time-dependent amplitude...
May 11, 2017: Disease Models & Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483915/rab2-promotes-autophagic-and-endocytic-lysosomal-degradation
#17
Péter Lőrincz, Sarolta Tóth, Péter Benkő, Zsolt Lakatos, Attila Boda, Gábor Glatz, Martina Zobel, Sara Bisi, Krisztina Hegedűs, Szabolcs Takáts, Giorgio Scita, Gábor Juhász
Rab7 promotes fusion of autophagosomes and late endosomes with lysosomes in yeast and metazoan cells, acting together with its effector, the tethering complex HOPS. Here we show that another small GTPase, Rab2, is also required for autophagosome and endosome maturation and proper lysosome function in Drosophila melanogaster We demonstrate that Rab2 binds to HOPS, and that its active, GTP-locked form associates with autolysosomes. Importantly, expression of active Rab2 promotes autolysosomal fusions unlike that of GTP-locked Rab7, suggesting that its amount is normally rate limiting...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476910/the-immune-phenotype-of-three-drosophila-leukemia-models
#18
Badrul Arefin, Martin Kunc, Robert Krautz, Ulrich Theopold
Many leukemia patients suffer from dysregulation of their immune system, making them more susceptible to infections and leading to general weakening (cachexia). Both adaptive and innate immunity are affected. The fruitfly Drosophila melanogaster has an innate immune system including cells of the myeloid lineage (hemocytes). To study Drosophila immunity and physiology during leukemia we established three models by driving expression of a dominant-active version of the Ras oncogene (Ras(V12) ) alone or combined with knockdowns of tumor suppressors in Drosophila hemocytes...
May 5, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471262/mtv-sings-jubilation-for-telomere-biology-in-drosophila
#19
Lin Cheng, Ming Cui, Yikang S Rong
Telomere protects the ends of linear chromosomes. Telomere dysfunction fuels genome instability that can lead to diseases such as cancer. For over 30 years, Drosophila has fascinated the field as the only major model organism that does not rely on the conserved telomerase enzyme for end protection. Instead of short DNA repeats at chromosome ends, Drosophila has domesticated retrotransposons. In addition, telomere protection can be entirely sequence-independent under normal laboratory conditions, again dissimilar to what has been established for telomerase-maintained systems...
May 4, 2017: Fly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459369/grainyhead-like-2-in-development-and-cancer
#20
REVIEW
Lijun Ma, Hongli Yan, Hui Zhao, Jianmin Sun
Grainyhead-like 2 is a human homolog of Drosophila grainyhead. It inhibits epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition that is necessary for cell migration, and it is involved in neural tube closure, epithelial morphogenesis, and barrier formation during embryogenesis by regulation of the expression of cell junction proteins such as E-cadherin and vimentin. Cancer shares many common characters with development such as epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. In addition to its important role in development, grainyhead-like 2 is implicated in carcinogenesis as well...
May 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
keyword
keyword
52004
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"