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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786630/effect-of-cadence-on-time-trial-performance-in-recreational-female-cyclists
#1
Patricia L Graham, Robert F Zoeller, Patrick L Jacobs, Michael A Whitehurst
Graham, PL, Zoeller, RF, Jacobs, PL, and Whitehurst, MA. Effect of cadence on time trial performance in recreational female cyclists. J Strength Cond Res 32(6): 1739-1744, 2018-The impact of pedaling cadence on cycling performance remains unresolved especially in female cyclists. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of cadence on time trial (TT) performance in recreational female cyclists. Ten recreational female cyclists volunteered to participate in this study. Subjects performed 3 exercise sessions: 1 to assess peak oxygen uptake (V[Combining Dot Above]O2peak) and 2 TTs...
June 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785975/utility-of-otoacoustic-emissions-and-olivocochlear-reflex-in-predicting-vulnerability-to-noise-induced-inner-ear-damage
#2
Sarantis Blioskas, Miltiadis Tsalighopoulos, George Psillas, Konstantinos Markou
Aim: The aim of the present study was to explore the possible utility of otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) and efferent system strength to determine vulnerability to noise exposure in a clinical setting. Materials and Methods: The study group comprised 344 volunteers who had just begun mandatory basic training as Hellenic Corps Officers Military Academy cadets. Pure-tone audiograms were obtained on both ears. Participants were also subjected to diagnostic transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs)...
May 2018: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722868/long-term-outcome-of-patients-suffering-from-cancer-and-takotsubo-syndrome-or-myocardial-infarction
#3
K Sattler, I El-Battrawy, T Gietzen, S Lang, X Zhou, M Borggrefe, I Akin
Background: The pathophysiology of takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is unclear so far. There is strong association of the occurrence of TTS and malignant diseases. An association between malignant diseases and myocardial infarction (MI) was found recently and ascribed to common molecular and lifestyle mechanisms. In the current study, we compared the outcome of patients with MI or TTS and malignant diseases in a matched cohort. Methods: Patients with TTS or with MI (n = 138 per group) were matched for age and sex and assessed retrospectively and prospectively...
May 2, 2018: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720796/value-of-motor-nerve-conduction-studies-in-the-diagnosis-of-idiopathic-tarsal-tunnel-syndrome-a-single-center-prospective-observational-study-from-india
#4
Ajoy Sodani, Mukesh Dube, Rahul Jain
Background: Nerve conduction studies are considered to be the gold standard for diagnosing secondary tarsal tunnel syndrome (s TTS), but their utility in the diagnosis of idiopathic tarsal tunnel syndrome (i TTS) is largely unknown. Objective: We sought to investigate the value of motor nerve conductions studies (MNCS) in the diagnosis of clinically suspected i TTS. Materials and Methods: Twenty-six (52 limbs) adult patients of clinically suspected i TTS were subjected to motor nerve conductions of posterior tibial nerve, and its branches and motor conduction parameters were compared with those of 45 healthy controls...
January 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710132/association-of-behavior-with-noise-induced-hearing-loss-among-attendees-of-an-outdoor-music-festival-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Véronique J C Kraaijenga, J J C M van Munster, G A van Zanten
Importance: To date, factors associated with noise-induced hearing loss at music festivals have not yet been analyzed in a single comprehensive data set. In addition, little is known about the hearing loss-associated behavior of music festival attendees. Objectives: To assess which factors are associated with the occurrence of a temporary threshold shift (TTS) after music exposure and to investigate the behavior of music festival attendees. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective post hoc analysis gathered data from a randomized, single-blind clinical trial conducted on September 5, 2015, at an outdoor music festival in Amsterdam, the Netherlands...
April 19, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705879/tumor-fragmentation-estimated-by-volume-surface-ratio-of-tumors-measured-on-18f-fdg-pet-ct-is-an-independent-prognostic-factor-of-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#6
Pierre Decazes, Stéphanie Becker, Mathieu Nessim Toledano, Pierre Vera, Paul Desbordes, Fabrice Jardin, Hervé Tilly, Isabelle Gardin
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to study the prognostic value of two new 18 F-FDG PET biomarkers in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We examined the total tumor surface (TTS), describing the tumor-host interface, and the tumor volume surface ratio (TVSR), corresponding to the ratio between the total metabolic tumor volume (TMTV) and TTS, describing the tumor fragmentation. METHODS: We retrospectively included 215 patients with DLBCL. Patients underwent initial 18 F-FDG PET/CT before R-CHOP (73%) or intensified R-CHOP (R-ACVBP) regimens (27%)...
April 28, 2018: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696359/predictors-of-in-hospital-cardiac-complications-in-patients-with-takotsubo-syndrome
#7
Ken Kato, Yoshiaki Sakai, Iwao Ishibashi, Toshiharu Himi, Yoshihide Fujimoto, Yoshio Kobayashi
Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) has been recognized as a benign condition mainly due to its reversibility. However, recent researches have demonstrated that serious cardiac complications could occur during hospitalization. Thus, the aim of this study is to detect factors associated with in-hospital cardiac complications in patients with TTS. A total of 154 consecutive patients with TTS were enrolled retrospectively. In-hospital cardiac complications were observed in 61 patients (40%), including 44 patients with pulmonary edema (29%) and 25 patients with cardiogenic shock (16%)...
April 25, 2018: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684716/predicted-mirna-mrna-mediated-posttranscriptional-control-associated-with-differences-in-cervical-and-thoracic-thymus-function
#8
Amanda F Assis, Jie Li, Paula B Donate, Janaína A Dernowsek, Nancy R Manley, Geraldo A Passos
A secondary cervical thymus (CT) is present in the neck region in about 50% of human and mice. CT in mice is an independent and functional organ, which can be colonized by T lymphocyte progenitors and generate thymocytes that are selected by the T cell receptor repertoire following the positive and negative selection. However, CT and the main thoracic thymus (TT) have been shown in mice to have significant functional differences. In this study, we use transcriptional profiling to compare mRNA or miRNAs expression patterns in murine CT and TT...
April 20, 2018: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675571/prognostic-value-of-n-terminal-pro-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-in-takotsubo-syndrome
#9
Thomas Stiermaier, Francesco Santoro, Tobias Graf, Francesca Guastafierro, Nicola Tarantino, Luisa De Gennaro, Pasquale Caldarola, Matteo Di Biase, Holger Thiele, Natale D Brunetti, Christian Möller, Ingo Eitel
BACKGROUND: Takotsubo syndrome (TTS), a form of acute transient heart failure, has been associated with severe complications and considerable mortality rates. N-Terminal Pro-B-Type Natriuretic Peptide (NT-proBNP) might serve as a marker to identify high-risk patients but has not yet been investigated regarding prognostic implications in TTS. Aim of this study was to determine the short- and long-term prognostic utility of NT-proBNP in patients with TTS. METHODS: The predictive value of admission NT-proBNP was assessed in an international, multicenter study including 177 consecutive TTS patients...
April 19, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599866/impact-of-official-matches-on-soccer-referees-power-performance
#10
Daniel Castillo, Javier Yanci, Jesús Cámara
The evaluation of match officials' neuromuscular performance is now an important consideration and the vertical jump test is considered suitable for assessing lower limb power, partly because it is directly related to refereeing. The aim of this study, therefore, was to determine the effect of soccer matches on match officials' vertical jump performance by assessing various biomechanical variables. Eighteen field referees (FRs) and 36 assistant referees (ARs) who officiated in 18 official matches participated in this study...
March 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573816/diabetes-mellitus-prevalence-in-patients-with-takotsubo-syndrome-the-case-of-the-brain-heart-disconnect
#11
John E Madias
BACKGROUND: Hyperactive autonomic nervous system (ANS) is among the postulated pathophysiologic mechanisms of takotsubo syndrome (TTS). Diabetes mellitus (DM) with its associated ANS peripheral neuropathy could exert a "protective" influence for the emergence of TTS. METHODS: A patient-based meta-analysis of the data obtained from all patients presented individually was carried out, focusing on age, gender, and history of hypertension (HTN) and DM. RESULTS: The prevalences of HTN and DM for all 2,342 patients, aged 61...
May 2018: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569186/takotsubo-syndrome-clinical-features-pathogenesis-treatment-and-relationship-with-cerebrovascular-diseases
#12
REVIEW
M Ranieri, J Finsterer, G Bedini, E A Parati, A Bersano
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review paper aims to provide a complete and updated overview on the clinical and pathophysiological aspects of Takotsubo syndrome (TTS), including prognosis, therapy, and the association with cerebrovascular conditions. RECENT FINDINGS: TTS is an increasingly recognized non-ischemic cardiomyopathy characterized by sudden, temporary weakening of the myocardium, of which the pathogenesis is unknown. Although pathogenesis of TTS remains unclear, a complex interaction between catecholamine-mediated stimulation, myocardial stunning, and subsequent stress-related myocardial dysfunction seems to be the main pathophysiological mechanism...
March 22, 2018: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566298/impact-of-thermo-tactile-stimulation-on-the-speed-and-efficiency-of-swallowing-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Maria Schwarz, Elizabeth C Ward, Jane Ross, Adam Semciw
BACKGROUND: A delayed or absent swallow reflex is common in dysphagia and can have a significant impact on swallow safety. Recent clinical practice survey data have supported the fact that clinicians continue to use thermo-tactile stimulation (TTS) as a strategy to stimulate key nerve pathways and evoke a swallow reflex for patients with a delayed or absent swallow reflex. AIMS: To conduct a systematic review of the effectiveness of TTS as a compensatory and/or rehabilitative tool...
March 22, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554866/clinical-outcomes-associated-with-catecholamine-use-in-patients-diagnosed-with-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy
#14
Uzair Ansari, Ibrahim El-Battrawy, Christian Fastner, Michael Behnes, Katherine Sattler, Aydin Huseynov, Stefan Baumann, Erol Tülümen, Martin Borggrefe, Ibrahim Akin
BACKGROUND: Recent hypotheses have suggested the pathophysiological role of catecholamines in the evolution of the Takotsubo syndrome (TTS). The extent of cardiac and circulatory compromise dictates the use of some form of supportive therapy. This study was designed to investigate the clinical outcomes associated with catecholamine use in TTS patients. METHODS: Our institutional database constituted a collective of 114 patients diagnosed with TTS between 2003 and 2015...
March 20, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541148/takotsubo-syndrome-is-associated-with-mood-disorders-and-antidepressants-use-not-with-anxiety-and-impairment-of-quality-of-life-due-to-the-psychiatric-disorder
#15
F Sancassiani, Mauro G Carta, Roberta Montisci, Antonio Preti, Sergio Machado, Maria F Moro, Maria F Marchetti, Luigi Meloni
Background: The aim was to study the association between mood and anxiety disorders and the Tako-Tsubo Syndrome (TTS) and to determine the role of antidepressants and the impairment of quality of life due the comorbid psychiatric disorder. Methods: Case-control study: 19 consecutive patients (17 female) with TTS compared to 76 controls without TTS, were randomly selected from the database of a nationwide epidemiological study after matching (gender, age and residence) by controls...
2018: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517122/interaction-of-systolic-blood-pressure-and-resting-heart-rate-with-clinical-outcomes-in-takotsubo-syndrome-insights-from-the-international-takotsubo-registry
#16
Michael Böhm, Victoria L Cammann, Jelena R Ghadri, Christian Ukena, Sebastiano Gili, Davide Di Vece, Ken Kato, Katharina J Ding, Konrad A Szawan, Jozef Micek, Stjepan Jurisic, Fabrizio D'Ascenzo, Antonio H Frangieh, Delia Rechsteiner, Burkhardt Seifert, Frank Ruschitzka, Thomas Lüscher, Christian Templin
AIMS: The present study aimed to determine the prognostic impact of resting heart rate (HR) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) in takotsubo syndrome (TTS). METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients from the International Takotsubo Registry with complete data on HR and SBP were enrolled. We analysed all-cause mortality and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in tertiles of HR (<77 b.p.m., 77-94 b.p.m., >94 b.p.m.) and SBP (<119 mmHg, 119-140 mmHg, >140 mmHg)...
March 8, 2018: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503405/novel-understanding-of-takotsubo-syndrome
#17
REVIEW
Mika Watanabe, Masaki Izumo, Yoshihiro J Akashi
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is described as a transient reversible cardiomyopathy which typically occurs in older women after emotional or physical stress. This cardiomyopathy is also recognized as a "syndrome" because it develops in conjunction with various diseases. Since the clinical presentation of takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is similar to acute coronary syndrome (ACS), TTS should be distinguished from ischemic heart disease. Although the pathophysiology of TTS has not well been established, a number of its specific features have been suggested...
March 30, 2018: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501923/toll-like-receptor-expression-and-apoptosis-morphological-patterns-in-female-rat-hearts-with-takotsubo-syndrome-induced-by-isoprenaline
#18
Agnieszka Kołodzińska, Katarzyna Czarzasta, Benedykt Szczepankiewicz, Renata Główczyńska, Anna Fojt, Tomasz Ilczuk, Monika Budnik, Krzysztof Krasuski, Miłosz Folta, Agnieszka Cudnoch-Jędrzejewska, Barbara Górnicka, Grzegorz Opolski
AIMS: Toll-like receptors (TLR) and apoptosis were indicated as important factors in heart failure. Our aim was to characterize the morphological pattern of apoptosis, TLR2, TLR4, and TLR6 expression in female rat hearts in the model of takotsubo syndrome (TTS). MAIN METHODS: 60 Sprague-Dawley female rats were treated with a single dose of 150 mg/kg b.wt. of isoprenaline (ISO) or 0.9% NaCl (controls). Hearts were collected 24, 48, 72 h and 7 days post-ISO injection...
April 15, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493892/motor-competency-and-social-communication-skills-in-preschool-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Francesco Craig, Alessandro Lorenzo, Elisabetta Lucarelli, Luigi Russo, Isabella Fanizza, Antonio Trabacca
This study aimed to investigate the association between motor competency and social communication in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) compared with children with Intellectual Disabilities (ID) and typically developing (TD) children. Motor competency, ASD symptoms, and nonverbal Intelligent Quotient (IQ) were investigated through the following tests: Movement Assessment Battery for Children, second edition (MABC-2), Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ), Autism Classification System of Functioning: Social Communication (ACSF:SC) and Leiter International Performances Scale Revised (Leiter-R)...
March 1, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489721/post-exercise-ingestion-of-low-or-high-molecular-weight-glucose-polymer-solution-does-not-improve-cycle-performance-in-female-athletes
#20
Meredith G Mock, Katie R Hirsch, Malia N M Blue, Eric T Trexler, Erica J Roelofs, Abbie E Smith-Ryan
The current study sought to evaluate the effects of post-exercise ingestion of a high molecular weight glucose polymer solution (HMW) compared to an isocaloric low molecular weight solution (LMW) or placebo (PLA) on subsequent cycling performance in female athletes. In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over design, 10 competitive female cyclists (Mean ± SD; Age = 25.7 ± 5.0 yrs; VO2peak = 49.7 ± 4.3 ml[BULLET OPERATOR]kg[BULLET OPERATOR]min) completed three testing sessions separated by 7-10 days...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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