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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786652/consumer-perception-of-the-quality-of-lamb-and-lamb-confit
#1
Guillermo Ripoll, Margalida Joy, Begoña Panea
The patterns of food consumption in general and those of meat, in particular, are constantly changing. These changes are due not only to socioeconomic and cultural trends that affect the whole society but also to the specific lifestyles of consumer groups. Due to the importance of consumer lifestyle, the objectives of this study were (i) to identify the profiles of lamb meat consumers according to their orientation toward convenience, as defined by their eating and cooking habits; (ii) to characterize these profiles according to their socioeconomic characteristics and their preferences regarding the intrinsic and extrinsic quality signals of lamb meat; and (iii) to analyze the willingness to pay for lamb confit...
May 22, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786647/health-disparities-score-composite-of-youth-and-parent-dyads-from-an-obesity-prevention-intervention-icook-4-h
#2
Melissa D Olfert, Makenzie L Barr, Rebecca L Hagedorn, Lisa Franzen-Castle, Sarah E Colby, Kendra K Kattelmann, Adrienne A White
iCook 4-H is a lifestyle intervention to improve diet, physical activity and mealtime behavior. Control and treatment dyads (adult primary meal preparer and a 9⁻10-year-old youth) completed surveys at baseline and 4, 12, and 24 months. A Health Disparity (HD) score composite was developed utilizing a series of 12 questions (maximum score = 12 with a higher score indicating a more severe health disparity). Questions came from the USDA short form U.S. Household Food Security Survey (5), participation in food assistance programs (1), food behavior (2), level of adult education completed (1), marital status (1), and race (1 adult and 1 child)...
May 22, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785941/life-style-and-risk-of-atypical-eating-disorders-in-university-students-reality-versus-perception
#3
Olga Castelao-Naval, Ascensión Blanco-Fernández, Carmen Marina Meseguer-Barros, Israel J Thuissard-Vasallo, Begoña Cerdá, Mar Larrosa
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this paper were to determine weight status, eating, and alcohol drinking and smoking habits of university students, to determine the association between these variables with negative self-perception of their eating habits and to assess the risk of developing eating disorders. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 422 university students. The parameters analyzed were: nutritional status, eating habits, alcohol/ tobacco consumption, and risk of eating disorder...
May 18, 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785874/-because-the-baby-asks-for-it-a-mixed-methods-study-on-local-perceptions-toward-nutrition-during-pregnancy-among-marginalised-migrant-women-along-the-myanmar-thailand-border
#4
Ahmar H Hashmi, Moo Kho Paw, Suphak Nosten, Mu Chae Darakamon, Mary Ellen Gilder, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, Verena I Carrara, Kremlin Wickramasinghe, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon, Emma Plugge, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Under- and over-nutrition during pregnancy are known risk factors for pregnancy complications and adverse pregnancy and infant outcomes. Understanding perceptions around nutrition in pregnancy can create culturally appropriate interventions for improved health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: A mixed-methods study was performed to explore local perceptions and practices of diet and physical activity in pregnancy in a marginalised population along the Myanmar-Thailand border...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785665/why-weight-an-analytic-review-of-obesity-management-diabetes-prevention-and-cardiovascular-risk-reduction
#5
REVIEW
L I Igel, K H Saunders, J J Fins
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we examine one of the ironies of American health care-that we pay more for disease management than disease prevention. Instead of preventing type 2 diabetes (T2DM) by treating its precursor, obesity, we fail to provide sufficient insurance coverage for weight management only to fund the more costly burden of overt T2DM. RECENT FINDINGS: There is a vital need for expanded insurance coverage to help foster a weight-centric approach to T2DM management...
May 21, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785635/self-monitoring-physical-activity-with-a-smartphone-application-in-cancer-patients-a-randomized-feasibility-study-smart-trial
#6
Harm L Ormel, Gabriela G F van der Schoot, Nico-Derk L Westerink, Wim J Sluiter, Jourik A Gietema, Annemiek M E Walenkamp
PURPOSE: Evidence accumulates that an active lifestyle positively influences cancer treatment outcome. A "smartphone application" (app) such as "RunKeeper," to self-monitor physical activity (PA) might be helpful. This study aimed to examine whether using RunKeeper to increase self-reported PA is feasible in cancer patients and to evaluate patients' opinion about using RunKeeper in a 12-week program. METHODS: Adult patients (n = 32), diagnosed with cancer, were randomized between usual care (n = 16) or a 12-week intervention with instructions to self-monitor PA with RunKeeper (n = 16)...
May 21, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785405/prevalence-and-consequences-of-injuries-in-powerlifting-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Edit Strömbäck, Ulrika Aasa, Kajsa Gilenstam, Lars Berglund
Background: Powerlifting consists of the squat, bench press, and dead lift, and extreme loads are lifted during training and competitions. Previous studies, which have defined an injury as an event that causes an interruption in training or competitions, have reported a relatively low frequency of powerlifting injuries (1.0-4.4 injuries/1000 hours of training). No previous study has investigated the prevalence of injuries, defined as a condition of pain or impairment of bodily function that affects powerlifters' training, in a balanced sample of men and women, and no studies have established possible risk factors for an injury...
May 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785386/diet-and-lifestyle-for-post-reproductive-health-focus-on-diabetes
#8
REVIEW
Stavroula Α Paschou, Panagiotis Anagnostis, Dimitrios G Goulis, Irene Lambrinoudaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Case Reports in Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785282/trabecular-architecture-in-the-sciuromorph-femoral-head-allometry-and-functional-adaptation
#9
Maja Mielke, Jan Wölfer, Patrick Arnold, Anneke H van Heteren, Eli Amson, John A Nyakatura
Background: Sciuromorpha (squirrels and close relatives) are diverse in terms of body size and locomotor behavior. Individual species are specialized to perform climbing, gliding or digging behavior, the latter being the result of multiple independent evolutionary acquisitions. Each lifestyle involves characteristic loading patterns acting on the bones of sciuromorphs. Trabecular bone, as part of the bone inner structure, adapts to such loading patterns. This network of thin bony struts is subject to bone modeling, and therefore reflects habitual loading throughout lifetime...
2018: Zoological Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785259/the-impact-of-multifaceted-osteoporosis-group-education-on-patients-decision-making-regarding-treatment-options-and-lifestyle-changes
#10
Annesofie L Jensen, Gitte Wind, Bente Lomholt Langdahl, Kirsten Lomborg
Introduction: Patients with chronic diseases like osteoporosis constantly have to make decisions related to their disease. Multifaceted osteoporosis group education (GE) may support patients' decision-making. This study investigated multifaceted osteoporosis GE focusing on the impact of GE on patients' decision-making related to treatment options and lifestyle. Material and Methods: An interpretive description design using ethnographic methods was utilized with 14 women and three men diagnosed with osteoporosis who attended multifaceted GE...
2018: Journal of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785102/experiences-of-a-health-coaching-self-management-program-in-patients-with-copd-a-qualitative-content-analysis
#11
Lan Wang, Jan Mårtensson, Yue Zhao, Annette Nygårdh
Purpose: To describe the experiences of patients with COPD participating in a health coaching self-management program. Patients and methods: Twenty patients who had participated in a 6-month health coaching self-management program intervention were purposefully selected for a qualitative evaluation of the program using semi-structured interviews. The interviews were analyzed using inductive qualitative content analysis. Results: Four categories and 13 subcategories emerged describing the participants' experiences of the program...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785077/mediterranean-diet-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#12
REVIEW
Caterina Anania, Francesco Massimo Perla, Francesca Olivero, Lucia Pacifico, Claudio Chiesa
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is emerging as the most common chronic liver disease, and is characterized by a wide spectrum of fat-liver disorders that can result in severe liver disease and cirrhosis. Inflammation and oxidative stress are the major risk factors involved in the pathogenesis of NAFLD. Currently, there is no consensus concerning the pharmacological treatment of NAFLD. However, lifestyle interventions based on exercise and a balanced diet for quality and quantity, are considered the cornerstone of NAFLD management...
May 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785046/relation-between-hypertension-and-erectile-dysfunction-a-meta-analysisof-cross-section-studies
#13
Xiao-Yan Wang, Wei Huang, Yong Zhang
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a wide spread and troublesome problem in aging men. Many analyses of hypertensive patients suggest that the prevalence of ED in hypertensive populations is even higher. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the relation between hypertension and ED. A literature review was performed to identify all cross-section studies about hypertension and erectile dysfunction. Sources included MEDLINE and EMBASE from 1966 to 2015. The reference lists of the retrieved studies were also investigated, and a meta-analysis were conducted...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784935/a-causal-mechanism-for-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukaemia
#14
REVIEW
Mel Greaves
In this Review, I present evidence supporting a multifactorial causation of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), a major subtype of paediatric cancer. ALL evolves in two discrete steps. First, in utero initiation by fusion gene formation or hyperdiploidy generates a covert, pre-leukaemic clone. Second, in a small fraction of these cases, the postnatal acquisition of secondary genetic changes (primarily V(D)J recombination-activating protein (RAG) and activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID)-driven copy number alterations in the case of ETS translocation variant 6 (ETV6)-runt-related transcription factor 1 (RUNX1)+ ALL) drives conversion to overt leukaemia...
May 21, 2018: Nature Reviews. Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784890/assessment-of-the-efficacy-of-physical-activity-level-and-lifestyle-behavior-interventions-applying-social-cognitive-theory-for-overweight-and-obese-girl-adolescents
#15
Mohammad Bagherniya, Firoozeh Mostafavi Darani, Manoj Sharma, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Ramesh Allipour Birgani, Golnaz Ranjbar, Ali Taghipour, Mohammad Safraian, Seyed Ali Keshavarz
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity has become a global epidemic and physical inactivity and considered as one of the most important contributing factors. We aimed to evaluate a school-based physical activity intervention using social cognitive theory (SCT) to increase physical activity behavior in order to prevent obesity among overweight and obese adolescent girls. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial study. METHODS: A seven-month randomized controlled trial based on SCT was implemented with 172 overweight and obese girl students (87 in intervention and 85 in control group), with the presence of their parents and teachers...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784867/patient-beliefs-and-attitudes-to-taking-statins-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#16
Angela Ju, Camilla S Hanson, Emily Banks, Rosemary Korda, Jonathan C Craig, Tim Usherwood, Peter MacDonald, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND: Statins are effective in preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD) events and are recommended for at-risk individuals but estimated adherence rates are low. AIM: To describe patients' perspectives, experiences, and attitudes towards taking statins. DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review of qualitative studies reporting perspectives of patients on statins. METHOD: PsycINFO, CINAHL, Embase, MEDLINE, and PhD dissertations from inception to 6 October 2016 were searched for qualitative studies on adult patients' perspectives on statins...
May 21, 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784533/long-qt-syndrome-a-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature-and-current-evidence
#17
REVIEW
Syed Raza Shah, Ki Park
Long QT syndrome (LQT) represents a heterogeneous family of cardiac electrophysiologic disorders characterized by QT prolongation and T-wave abnormalities on the electrocardiogram. It is commonly associated with syncope, however, sudden cardiac death can occur due to torsades de pointes. LQT is a clinical diagnosis and should be suspected in individuals on the basis of clinical presentation, family history and electrocardiogram characteristics. Management is focused on the prevention of syncope and ultimately sudden death...
May 10, 2018: Current Problems in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784059/diabetes-intervention-accentuating-diet-and-enhancing-metabolism-diadem-i-a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-examine-the-impact-of-an-intensive-lifestyle-intervention-consisting-of-a-low-energy-diet-and-physical-activity-on-body-weight-and-metabolism-in-early
#18
Shahrad Taheri, Odette Chagoury, Hadeel Zaghloul, Sara Elhadad, Salma Hayder Ahmed, Omar Omar, Sherryl Payra, Salma Ahmed, Neda El Khatib, Rasha Abou Amona, Katie El Nahas, Matthew Bolton, Henem Chaar, Noor Suleiman, Amin Jayyousi, Mahmoud Zirie, Ibrahim Janahi, Wahiba Elhag, Abdulla Alnaama, Abduljaleel Zainel, Dahlia Hassan, Tim Cable, Mary Charlson, Martin Wells, Abdulla Al-Hamaq, Samya Al-Abdulla, Abdul Badi Abou-Samra
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and obesity are syndemic and will have a significant impact on affected individuals and healthcare services worldwide. Evidence shows that T2DM remission can be achieved with significant weight loss in those who are younger with early diabetes and requiring fewer medications for glycaemic control. DIADEM-I aims to examine the impact of an intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) using a low-energy diet (LED) meal replacement approach combined with physical activity in younger individuals with early T2DM...
May 21, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784002/association-between-number-of-institutions-with-coronary-computed-tomography-angiography-and-regional-mortality-ratio-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-nationwide-ecological-study-using-a-spatial-bayesian-model
#19
Hideaki Kawaguchi, Soichi Koike, Ryota Sakurai, Kazuhiko Ohe
BACKGROUND: Coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) has demonstrated high diagnostic accuracy for detection of coronary artery stenosis, and healthcare providers can detect coronary artery disease in earlier stages before it develops into more serious clinical conditions such as acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We hypothesized that the mortality ratio of AMI in regions with a higher density of coronary CTA is lower than that in regions with a lower density of coronary CTA. METHODS: This ecological and cross-sectional study using secondary data targeted all secondary medical service areas (SMSAs) in Japan (n = 349)...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783966/perceptions-and-attitudes-toward-performing-risk-assessment-for-periodontal-disease-a-focus-group-exploration
#20
Thankam Thyvalikakath, Mei Song, Titus Schleyer
BACKGROUND: Currently, many risk assessment tools are available for clinicians to assess a patient's periodontal disease risk. Numerous studies demonstrate the potential of these tools to promote preventive management and reduce morbidity due to periodontal disease. Despite these promising results, solo and small group dental practices, where most people receive care, have not adopted risk assessment tools widely, primarily due to lack of studies in these settings. The objective of this study was to explore the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of dental providers in these settings toward risk-based care through focus groups...
May 21, 2018: BMC Oral Health
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