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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931169/effect-of-educational-package-on-lifestyle-of-primiparous-mothers-during-postpartum-period-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Farzaneh Khodabandeh, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Mahin KamaliFard, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi
A healthy lifestyle is important for mothers during the postpartum period. This study was conducted to determine the effects of a lifestyle educational package in primiparous women. This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 220 mothers assigned to two groups using block randomization. In the intervention group, the mothers received face-to-face, phone and SMS counseling and a booklet in addition to routine postpartum training; in the control group, the mothers received only routine training. The Health Behaviors Questionnaire, a Food Frequency Questionnaire and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire were used for data collection...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930642/microbial-complexes-and-caries-in-17-year-olds-with-and-without-streptococcus-mutans
#2
L Eriksson, P Lif Holgerson, A Esberg, I Johansson
Streptococcus mutans is a key bacterial species in the caries process, which affects >90% of the population worldwide. However, other acidogenic and aciduric/acidophilic species may contribute to disease development. In Sweden, a country with low prevalences of caries and S. mutans, a significant portion of caries-affected adolescents lack detectable levels of S. mutans. The objectives of the present study were 1) to characterize the tooth biofilm and saliva microbiota of adolescents with caries disease, with or without detectable S...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930519/divergent-impact-of-gender-in-advancement-of-liver-injuries-diseases-and-carcinogenesis
#3
Subhrajit Biswas, Sampa Ghose
Several investigations have revealed that liver diseases exhibit gender biases, but identifying the root causes of such biases has been challenging. Evidence of gender differences in liver function is present from the early stage of embryonic development. The differences in access to care and treatment as well as diagnostic deliberation may affect gender-specific differences in liver disease progression. Apart from the pathogenesis, xenobiotic metabolism, immune responses, gene expressions, mitochondrial function, lipid composition, and enzyme activities also differ in this sexually dimorphic organ...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930364/nutritional-risk-hospitalization-and-mortality-among-community-dwelling-canadians-aged-65-or-older
#4
Pamela L Ramage-Morin, Heather Gilmour, Michelle Rotermann
BACKGROUND: Nutritional risk has been associated with various negative health outcomes among older people. Limited longitudinal research has examined the relationship between nutritional risk and hospitalization and death in community-dwelling older people. DATA AND METHODS: Data from the 2008/2009 Canadian Community Health Survey-Healthy Aging (CCHS-HA) linked to the Discharge Abstract Database and the Canadian Mortality Database were used to estimate the prevalence of nutritional risk among seniors and examine its relationship with acute care hospitalization and death during the 25- to 36-month period following the CCHS-HA interview...
September 20, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930196/socio-demographic-and-lifestyle-factors-predict-5-year-changes-in-adiposity-among-a-group-of-black-south-african-adults
#5
Cornelie Nienaber-Rousseau, Olusola F Sotunde, Patricia O Ukegbu, P Hermanus Myburgh, Hattie H Wright, Lize Havemann-Nel, Sarah J Moss, Iolanthé M Kruger, H Salomé Kruger
The rising prevalence of obesity and excessive adiposity are global public health concerns. Understanding determinants of changes in adiposity over time is critical for informing effective evidence-based prevention or treatment. However, limited information is available to achieve this objective. Cultural, demographic, environmental, and behavioral factors including socio-economic status (SES) likely account for obesity development. To this end, we related these variables to anthropometric measures in 1058 black adult Tswana-speaking South Africans who were HIV negative in a prospective study over five years...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930104/liver-transplantation-in-the-obese-cirrhotic-patient
#6
Erin K Spengler, Jacqueline G O'Leary, Helen S Te, Shari Rogal, Anjana A Pillai, Abdullah Al-Osaimi, Archita Desai, James N Fleming, Daniel Ganger, Anil Seetharam, Georgios Tsoulfas, Martin Montenovo, Jennifer C Lai
Despite the rapidly increasing prevalence of obesity in the transplant population, the optimal management of obese liver transplant candidates remains undefined. Setting strict body mass index cutoffs for transplant candidacy remains controversial, with limited data to guide this practice. Body mass index is an imperfect measure of surgical risk in this population, partly due to volume overload and variable visceral adiposity. Weight loss before transplantation may be beneficial, but it remains important to avoid protein calorie malnutrition and sarcopenia...
October 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929899/nutrition-as-a-component-of-dementia-risk-reduction-strategies
#7
Carol E Greenwood, Matthew D Parrott
According to the Alzheimer Society of Canada, within the next generation, Canada will experience a more than doubling of individuals living with dementia and a potentially economically crippling 10-fold increase in costs to Canadians. Up to 50% of cases with dementia can be attributed to seven modifiable, predominantly vascular and/or lifestyle-associated, risk factors. Multi-modal dementia risk reduction strategies, targeting diet, exercise, mental stimulation, and vascular risk monitoring, are likely to be the most successful...
January 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929838/the-influence-of-nutritional-factors-on-prostate-cancer-incidence-and-aggressiveness
#8
Manrique Pascual-Geler, Noelia Urquiza-Salvat, Jose Manuel Cozar, Inmaculada Robles-Fernandez, Ana Rivas, Luis Javier Martinez-Gonzalez, Francisco Manuel Ocaña-Peinado, Jose Antonio Lorente, Maria Jesus Alvarez-Cubero
There is an increasing evidence for a link between nutrition, lifestyle and prostate cancer (PCa) development and/or progression of disease. The objective of this study was to examine the association between dietary factors and PCa incidence and aggressiveness in a case-control study. After the analysis of the anatomic pathology, subjects were classified in patients with PCa (n = 157) and controls (n = 158). Clinical data including Gleason score, PSA values and biopsy results, were compiled. Frequencies of food consumption and sociodemographic data were also obtained...
September 20, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929726/-factors-associated-to-medical-visits-comparison-among-italians-and-immigrants-resident-in-italy
#9
Anteo Di Napoli, Monica Perez, Alessandra Rossi, Daniele Spizzichino, Laura Iannucci, Lidia Gargiulo, Daniela Panaccione, Concetta Mirisola, Alessio Petrelli
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the role of factors potentially associated with the use of medical visits by the immigrant population living in Italy, making a comparison with the Italian population. DESIGN: cross-sectional study based on the representative sample of the population residing in Italy considered in the Survey "Health and use of health services" conducted by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat) in 2013. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the study was conducted on a sample of citizens aged 18-64 years (72,476 individuals) representing a population of 37,290,440 residents in Italy (33...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929722/-self-perceived-health-status-among-immigrants-in-italy
#10
Alessio Petrelli, Anteo Di Napoli, Alessandra Rossi, Lidia Gargiulo, Concetta Mirisola, Gianfranco Costanzo
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate self-perceived health status of immigrants in Italy. DESIGN: cross-sectional study based on the representative national samples of the multipurpose surveys "Health conditions and use of health services" conducted in 2005 and 2013 by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the study was conducted on the age group of 18-64: No. 80,661 in 2005, among which 3.2% were immigrants, and No...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929608/the-importance-of-frequent-return-visits-and-hypertension-control-among-us-young-adults-a-multidisciplinary-group-practice-observational-study
#11
Cecile C King, Christie M Bartels, Elizabeth M Magnan, Jennifer T Fink, Maureen A Smith, Heather M Johnson
Young adults (aged 18 to 39 years) have the lowest hypertension control rates compared with older adults. Shorter follow-up encounter intervals are associated with faster hypertension control rates in older adults; however, optimal intervals are unknown for young adults. The study objective was to evaluate the relationship between ambulatory blood pressure encounter intervals (average number of provider visits with blood pressures over time) and hypertension control rates among young adults with incident hypertension...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929576/systolic-orthostatic-hypotension-is-related-to-lowered-cognitive-function-findings-from-the-maine-syracuse-longitudinal-study
#12
Rachael V Torres, Merrill F Elias, Georgina E Crichton, Gregory A Dore, Adam Davey
The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between orthostatic changes in blood pressure (BP) and cognition, with consideration given to cardiovascular risk factors and lifestyle variables. The cross-sectional analysis included 961 community-dwelling participants of the Maine-Syracuse Longitudinal Study, for whom BP clinic measures (five sitting, five recumbent, and five standing) were obtained. Eighteen percent of participants had orthostatic hypotension (fall in systolic BP ≥20 mm Hg or diastolic BP ≥10 mm Hg upon standing) and 6% had orthostatic hypertension (rise in systolic BP ≥20 mm Hg)...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929462/can-body-temperature-dysregulation-explain-the-co-occurrence-between-overweight-obesity-sleep-impairment-late-night-eating-and-a-sedentary-lifestyle
#13
REVIEW
Rhonda F Brown, Einar B Thorsteinsson, Michael Smithson, C Laird Birmingham, Hessah Aljarallah, Christopher Nolan
PURPOSE: Overweight/obesity, sleep disturbance, night eating, and a sedentary lifestyle are common co-occurring problems. There is a tendency for them to co-occur together more often than they occur alone. In some cases, there is clarity as to the time course and evolution of the phenomena. However, specific mechanism(s) that are proposed to explain a single co-occurrence cannot fully explain the more generalized tendency to develop concurrent symptoms and/or disorders after developing one of the phenomena...
September 19, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929368/who-are-mobile-app-users-from-healthy-lifestyle-websites-analysis-of-patterns-of-app-use-and-user-characteristics
#14
Steriani Elavsky, David Smahel, Hana Machackova
The use of online communities and websites for health information has proliferated along with the use of mobile apps for managing health behaviors such as diet and exercise. The scarce evidence available to date suggests that users of these websites and apps differ in significant ways from non-users but most data come from US- and UK-based populations. In this study, we recruited users of nutrition, weight management, and fitness-oriented websites in the Czech Republic to better understand who uses mobile apps and who does not, including user sociodemographic and psychological profiles...
September 19, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929367/lacking-a-primary-care-physician-is-associated-with-increased-suffering-in-patients-with-severe-mental-illness
#15
Cynthia G Olsen, John M Boltri, Jenna Amerine, Mark E Clasen
We evaluated the relationship between lack of a primary care physician (PCP) and patients with severe mental illness (SMI), who have poorer health and experience more suffering. Using a blinded retrospective record review of 137 patients with SMI, divided between inpatients (n = 70) and outpatients (n = 67), we compared the two groups to determine if lack of a PCP is associated with increased suffering and worse overall health. We included history of preventive services, having a PCP, and comorbid conditions...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929349/depression-and-anxiety-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-etiology-and-treatment
#16
REVIEW
Laura G Cooney, Anuja Dokras
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in reproductive age women and is associated with an increased prevalence of depression and anxiety symptoms. This review presents potential mechanisms for this increased risk and outlines treatment options. RECENT FINDINGS: Women with PCOS have increased odds of depressive symptoms (OR 3.78; 95% CI 3.03-4.72) and anxiety symptoms (OR 5.62; 95% CI 3.22-9.80). Obesity, insulin resistance, and elevated androgens may partly contribute to this association...
September 20, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929121/differential-and-combined-effects-of-physical-activity-profiles-and-prohealth-behaviors-on-diabetes-prevalence-among-blacks-and-whites-in-the-us-population-a-novel-bayesian-belief-network-machine-learning-analysis
#17
Azizi A Seixas, Dwayne A Henclewood, Aisha T Langford, Samy I McFarlane, Ferdinand Zizi, Girardin Jean-Louis
The current study assessed the prevalence of diabetes across four different physical activity lifestyles and infer through machine learning which combinations of physical activity, sleep, stress, and body mass index yield the lowest prevalence of diabetes in Blacks and Whites. Data were extracted from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) dataset from 2004-2013 containing demographics, chronic diseases, and sleep duration (N = 288,888). Of the total sample, 9.34% reported diabetes (where the prevalence of diabetes was 12...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928713/pain-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-associations-with-modifiable-lifestyle-factors-fatigue-depression-anxiety-and-mental-health-quality-of-life
#18
Claudia H Marck, Alysha M De Livera, Tracey J Weiland, Pia L Jelinek, Sandra L Neate, Chelsea R Brown, Keryn L Taylor, Fary Khan, George A Jelinek
BACKGROUND: People with multiple sclerosis (MS) often experience pain, which can interfere with mobility, employment, and quality of life (QOL). METHODS: This cross-sectional study explored associations between pain, demographic, disease, and modifiable lifestyle factors in an international sample of people with MS recruited online. RESULTS: Substantial pain, of moderate/severe intensity and interfering at least moderately with work/household or enjoyment of life in the past 4 weeks, was reported by 682/2,362 (28...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928641/comparison-of-navigation-related-brain-regions-in-migratory-versus-non-migratory-noctuid-moths
#19
Liv de Vries, Keram Pfeiffer, Björn Trebels, Andrea K Adden, Ken Green, Eric Warrant, Stanley Heinze
Brain structure and function are tightly correlated across all animals. While these relations are ultimately manifestations of differently wired neurons, many changes in neural circuit architecture lead to larger-scale alterations visible already at the level of brain regions. Locating such differences has served as a beacon for identifying brain areas that are strongly associated with the ecological needs of a species-thus guiding the way towards more detailed investigations of how brains underlie species-specific behaviors...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928462/total-and-specific-dietary-polyphenol-intakes-and-6-year-anthropometric-changes-in-a-middle-aged-general-population-cohort
#20
S Adriouch, E Kesse-Guyot, T Feuillet, M Touvier, V Olié, V Andreeva, S Hercberg, P Galan, L Fezeu
BACKGROUND: Dietary polyphenols are suggested anti-obesogenic agents. Prospective evidence in general populations of an association between polyphenol intakes and anthropometry is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To assess the associations between dietary polyphenol intakes and changes in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) over a 6-year period. METHODS: Individual intakes of 264 different polyphenols (mg/day) were estimated using the Phenol-Explorer database and the mean of 6-17 24-h dietary records collected in 1994-1996...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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