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Fruit and vegetable intake

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927012/fiber-patterns-in-young-adults-living-in-different-environments-usa-spain-and-tunisia-anthropometric-and-lifestyle-characteristics
#1
María José García-Meseguer, Amalia Delicado-Soria, Ramón Serrano-Urrea
Benefits of dietary fiber go beyond its effect on chronic diseases associated with development. Consequently, the pattern of fiber intake has been considered an indicator for diet quality. Young adults are especially vulnerable to a food environment that drives an increase in chronic diseases linked to economic development. The aim of this work was to characterize patterns of fiber intake among university students. A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 730 students enrolled at the University of Castilla-La Mancha (Spain), the University of Carthage (Tunisia), and Florida International University (USA)...
September 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926990/implementing-a-health-and-wellbeing-programme-for-children-in-early-childhood-a-preliminary-study
#2
Karen Munday, Megan Wilson
In New Zealand, there is a high prevalence of childhood poverty and food insecurity, which can impact a family's ability to provide high quality, nutrient dense foods for their children. In an attempt to increase the quality of the food consumed by children attending a decile two (low socio-economic) kindergarten and to address food insecurity issues, an educational health and wellness initiative, in conjunction with a free lunch programme, was introduced. The impact of the lunches and the effectiveness of the programme were evaluated...
September 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926947/higher-dietary-cost-is-associated-with-higher-diet-quality-a-cross-sectional-study-among-selected-malaysian-adults
#3
Ibnteesam Pondor, Wan Ying Gan, Geeta Appannah
Food price is a determining factor of food choices; however its relationship with diet quality is unclear in Malaysia. This study aimed to examine socio-economic characteristics and daily dietary cost (DDC) in relation to diet quality in the state of Selangor, Malaysia. Dietary intake was assessed using a Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and diet quality was estimated using a Malaysian Healthy Eating Index (M-HEI). DDC in Malaysian Ringgit (RM) was calculated from dietary intake and national food prices. Linear regression models were fitted to determine associations between DDC and M-HEI scores and predictors of diet quality...
September 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923064/investigating-the-importance-of-the-local-food-environment-for-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-in-older-men-and-women-in-20-uk-towns-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-two-national-cohorts-using-novel-methods
#4
S Hawkesworth, R J Silverwood, B Armstrong, T Pliakas, K Nanchahal, C Sartini, A Amuzu, G Wannamethee, J Atkins, S E Ramsay, J P Casas, R W Morris, P H Whincup, Karen Lock
BACKGROUND: Local neighbourhood environments can influence dietary behavior. There is limited evidence focused on older people who are likely to have greater dependence on local areas and may suffer functional limitations that amplify any neighbourhood impact. METHODS: Using multi-level ordinal regression analysis we investigated the association between multiple dimensions of neighbourhood food environments (captured by fine-detail, foot-based environmental audits and secondary data) and self-reported frequency of fruit and vegetable intake...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922784/low-fat-dietary-pattern-and-pancreatic-cancer-risk-in-the-women-s-health-initiative-dietary-modification-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Li Jiao, Liang Chen, Donna L White, Lesley Tinker, Rowan T Chlebowski, Linda V Van Horn, Peter Richardson, Dorothy Lane, Haleh Sangi-Haghpeykar, Hashem B El-Serag
Background: Observational studies suggest that diet may influence pancreatic cancer risk. We investigated the effect of a low-fat dietary intervention on pancreatic cancer incidence. Methods: The Women's Health Initiative Dietary Modification (WHI-DM) trial is a randomized controlled trial conducted in 48 835 postmenopausal women age 50 to 79 years in the United States between 1993 and 1998. Women were randomly assigned to the intervention group (n = 19 541), with the goal of reducing total fat intake and increasing intake of vegetables, fruits, and grains, or to the usual diet comparison group (n = 29 294)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919135/are-experiences-of-discrimination-related-to-poorer-dietary-intakes-among-south-asians-in-the-masala-study
#6
Sarah Nadimpalli, Akilah Keita, Jeremy Wang, Alka Kanaya, Namratha Kandula, Kimberly Gans, Sameera Talegawkar
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between self-reported discrimination and dietary intakes among South Asian (SA) people. METHODS: Data from the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America study were used to analyze the relationship between self-reported discrimination and dietary behaviors (n = 866). Self-reported discrimination was measured with the 9-item continuous Everyday Discrimination Scale. Diet was measured with a culturally tailored, validated, 163-item food frequency questionnaire for SA individuals...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917621/effects-of-latino-children-on-their-mothers-dietary-intake-and-dietary-behaviors-the-role-of-children-s-acculturation-and-the-mother-child-acculturation-gap
#7
Sandra H Soto, Elva M Arredondo, Bess Marcus, Holly B Shakya, Scott Roesch, Guadalupe X Ayala
RATIONALE: Research shows that acculturation is important to Latinas' dietary intake and related behaviors. Although evidence suggests children may also play a role, it remains unclear whether children's acculturation is related to mothers' dietary intake/behaviors. OBJECTIVES: We examined the relationship between Latino children's acculturation and mothers' dietary intake/behaviors. We also examined the mother-child acculturation gap to identify dyad characteristics associated with mothers' diet...
September 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917244/dietary-patterns-and-sleep-parameters-in-a-cohort-of-community-dwelling-australian-men
#8
Yingting Cao, Anne W Taylor, Gary Wittert, Robert Adams, Zumin Shi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Emerging evidence suggests potential effects of nutrients/foods on sleep parameters. However, no studies have addressed the complex interactions among nutrients/foods and relate them to sleep outcomes. To investigate the associations between dietary patterns and sleep parameters (polysomnography (PSG) measured and self-reported sleep symptoms) in a large sample of community dwelling men in South Australia. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis was conducted of participants in the Men Androgen Inflammation Lifestyle Environment and Stress cohort enrolled in a sleep sub-study (n=784, age 35-80 years)...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916568/perspective-the-paradox-in-dietary-advanced-glycation-end-products-research-the-source-of-the-serum-and-urinary-advanced-glycation-end-products-is-the-intestines-not-the-food
#9
Luanne R DeChristopher
Inconsistent research results have impeded our understanding of the degree to which dietary advanced glycation end products (dAGEs) contribute to chronic disease. Early research suggested that Western-style fast foods, including grilled and broiled meats and French fries, contain high levels of proinflammatory advanced glycation end products (AGEs). However, recent studies with state-of-the-art ultraperformance LC-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) found that there is no evidence that these foods have elevated levels of dAGEs relative to other foods...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915820/item-response-modeling-a-psychometric-assessment-of-the-children-s-fruit-vegetable-water-and-physical-activity-self-efficacy-scales-among-chinese-children
#10
Jing-Jing Wang, Tzu-An Chen, Tom Baranowski, Patrick W C Lau
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of four self-efficacy scales (i.e., self-efficacy for fruit (FSE), vegetable (VSE), and water (WSE) intakes, and physical activity (PASE)) and to investigate their differences in item functioning across sex, age, and body weight status groups using item response modeling (IRM) and differential item functioning (DIF). METHODS: Four self-efficacy scales were administrated to 763 Hong Kong Chinese children (55...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911936/exercise-training-in-patients-with-pulmonary-and-systemic-hypertension-a-unique-therapy-for-two-different-diseases
#11
REVIEW
Massimo Leggio, Augusto Fusco, Giorgio Limongelli, Luca Sgorbini
Pulmonary hypertension is a potentially life-threatening condition. Given its evolving definition, the incidence and prevalence of the disease is difficult to define, but registries suggest an increased global awareness. The management of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension is highly specialised and requires multi-disciplinary input from a range of healthcare professionals, including cardiologists, respiratory physicians, rheumatologists, rehabilitation physicians and cardio-pulmonary physiotherapists...
September 11, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910937/-co-prevalence-of-chronic-disease-risk-factors-and-influencing-factors-in-floating-population-in-china
#12
Z H Chen, M Zhang, Y C Li, Z J Huang, L M Wang
Objective: To investigate the prevalence and co-prevalence of tobacco use, excessive alcohol use, insufficient intake of vegetable and fruit, physical inactivity, and overweight or obesity in floating population and influencing factors in China, 2012. Methods: Data from the 2012 China Chronic Disease Risk Factor Survey in Floating Population in China were used. In this survey, 48 704 people aged 18-59 years in floating population were selected through stratified multistage clustering sampling in 170 counties and districts from 31 province (autonomous regions and municipalities) and Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps...
September 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903773/nutritional-quality-of-meals-and-snacks-assessed-by-the-food-standards-agency-nutrient-profiling-system-in-relation-to-overall-diet-quality-body-mass-index-and-waist-circumference-in-british-adults
#13
Kentaro Murakami
BACKGROUND: Studies examining meal and snack eating behaviors in relation to overall diet and health markers are limited, at least partly because there is no definitive consensus about what constitutes a snack, a meal, or an eating occasion. This cross-sectional study examined how nutritional quality of meals and snacks is associated with overall diet quality, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference. METHODS: Based on 7-d weighed dietary record data, all eating occasions were divided into meals or snacks based on time (meals: 0600-1000, 1200-1500, and 1800-2100 h; snacks: others) or contribution to energy intake (EI) (meals: ≥15%; snacks: <15%) in 1451 British adults aged 19-64 years participating in the National Diet and Nutrition Survey...
September 13, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901975/dietary-fiber-intake-and-risk-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-men
#14
Joanna Kaluza, Holly Harris, Alice Wallin, Anders Linden, Alicja Wolk
BACKGROUND: The limited literature suggests that dietary fiber intake from whole grains, fruits, and vegetables is negatively associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) via fiber's anti-inflammatory properties. Therefore, we investigated the association between total fiber and fiber sources and risk of COPD in the population-based prospective Cohort of Swedish Men (45,058 men, aged 45-79 years) with no history of COPD at baseline. METHODS: Dietary fiber intake was assessed with a self-administered questionnaire in 1997 and was energy-adjusted using the residual method...
September 7, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899651/is-higher-formula-intake-and-limited-dietary-diversity-in-australian-children-at-14-months-of-age-associated-with-dietary-quality-at-24-months
#15
Rebecca Byrne, Mei En Joy Yeo, Kimberley Mallan, Anthea Magarey, Lynne Daniels
A varied and diverse diet in childhood supports optimum long-term preferences and growth. Previous analysis from 14-month-old Australian children in the NOURISH and South Australian Infants Dietary Intake (SAIDI) studies found higher formula intake was associated with lower dietary diversity. This analysis investigated whether formula intake and dietary diversity at 14 months of age is associated with dietary quality at 24 months. This is a secondary analysis of intake data from NOURISH and SAIDI cohorts. Scores for dietary diversity, fruit variety, vegetable variety and meat/alternative variety were combined using structural equation modelling to form the latent variable 'Dietary quality' (DQ) at age 24 months...
September 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899530/associations-between-sleep-duration-and-physical-activity-and-dietary-behaviors-in-chinese-adolescents-results-from-the-youth-behavioral-risk-factor-surveys-of-2015
#16
Qing Hai Gong, Hui Li, Xiao Hong Zhang, Tao Zhang, Jun Cui, Guo Zhang Xu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between sleep duration and physical activity and dietary behaviors among adolescents in a representative sample. METHODS: The analysis was performed using data from the 2015 Ningbo Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Associations between physical activity and dietary behaviors and sleep duration were examined on weighted data using logistic regression. RESULTS: Of the 10726 students, roughly 40% reported sleep duration <8 h...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898509/what-do-we-know-about-the-diets-of-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-peoples-in-australia-a-systematic-literature-review
#17
Sarah Whalan, Sara Farnbach, Lena Volk, Josephine Gwynn, Mark Lock, Kathy Trieu, Julie Brimblecombe, Jacqui Webster
OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of published research on the dietary intake of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. METHODS: Peer-reviewed literature from 1990 to October 2016 was searched to identify studies that measured the dietary intake of Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations. Study quality was assessed using a purposely devised quality appraisal tool. Meta-analysis was not possible due to the heterogeneity in dietary intake assessment methods...
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894701/relationship-between-diet-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-review-article
#18
REVIEW
Parvin Mirmiran, Zeynab Amirhamidi, Hanieh-Sadat Ejtahed, Zahra Bahadoran, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND: Diet plays a key role in the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of this study was to review systematically observational studies available regarding the relationship between food intakes and NAFLD. METHODS: We searched Scopus, PubMed, and Cochrane Library databases to identify English observational studies on food groups, dietary patterns, and NAFLD. Cross-sectional, case-control and cohort studies were selected and then duplication, topic, type of study, study population, variables examined and quality of data reporting of the articles were evaluated...
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894509/effects-of-polyphenol-intake-on-metabolic-syndrome-current-evidences-from-human-trials
#19
REVIEW
Gemma Chiva-Blanch, Lina Badimon
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors which severely increases the risk of type II diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Several epidemiological studies have observed a negative association between polyphenol intake and MetS rates. Nevertheless, there are relatively small numbers of interventional studies evidencing this association. This review is focused on human interventional trials with polyphenols as polyphenol-rich foods and dietary patterns rich in polyphenols in patients with MetS...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893755/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-online-menu-planning-intervention-to-improve-childcare-service-adherence-to-dietary-guidelines-a-study-protocol
#20
Sze Lin Yoong, Alice Grady, John Wiggers, Victoria Flood, Chris Rissel, Meghan Finch, Andrew Searles, David Salajan, Ruby O'Rourke, Jaqueline Daly, Karen Gilham, Fiona Stacey, Alison Fielding, Nicole Pond, Rebecca Wyse, Kirsty Seward, Luke Wolfenden
INTRODUCTION: The implementation of dietary guidelines in childcare settings is recommended to improve child public health nutrition. However, foods provided in childcare services are not consistent with guidelines. The primary aim of the trial is to assess the effectiveness of a web-based menu planning intervention in increasing the mean number of food groups on childcare service menus that comply with dietary guidelines regarding food provision to children in care. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A parallel group randomised controlled trial will be undertaken with 54 childcare services that provide food to children within New South Wales, Australia...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
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