keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Fruit and vegetable intake

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212431/mediterranean-dietary-pattern-and-vegf-405-g-c-gene-polymorphisms-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-an-aspect-of-gene-nutrient-interaction
#1
Ghazaleh Hajiluian, Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Leila Jahangiry
AIMS: To evaluate the relationship between Mediterranean dietary pattern, anthropometric and metabolic biomarkers and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) +405 G/C gene polymorphism in patient with metabolic syndrome (Mets). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study 150 patients with Mets and 50 healthy subjects were enrolled. Dietary intakes were evaluated with a semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and Mediterranean dietary quality index (Med-DQI) was assessed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211230/associations-between-children-s-diet-quality-and-watching-television-during-meal-or-snack-consumption-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Amanda Avery, Catherine Anderson, Fiona McCullough
Studies have identified an association between watching television (TV) and childhood obesity. This review adds context to existing research by examining the associations between TV viewing, whilst eating, and children's diet quality. Web of Science and PubMed databases were searched from January 2000 to June 2014. Cross-sectional trials of case control or cohort studies, which included baseline data, measuring the associations between eating whilst watching TV and children's food and drink intake. Quality of selected papers was assessed...
February 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205015/self-management-of-dietary-intake-using-mindful-eating-to-improve-dietary-intake-for-individuals-with-early-stage-chronic-kidney-disease
#3
Gayle M Timmerman, Muna J Tahir, Richard M Lewis, Deborah Samoson, Holli Temple, Michele R Forman
Using mindful eating to improve specific dietary recommendations has not been adequately studied. This feasibility study examined an intervention, self-management of dietary intake using mindful eating, with 19 participants that had mild to moderate chronic kidney disease, using a prospective, single group, pretest-posttest design. The intervention had six weekly classes focused on self-management using mindful eating, goal-setting, problem-solving, and food label reading. Weight, body mass index (BMI), 3-day 24-h dietary recalls and fasting blood samples were measured...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202634/dietary-patterns-are-associated-with-metabolic-outcomes-among-adult-samoans-in-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Dongqing Wang, Nicola L Hawley, Avery A Thompson, Viali Lameko, Muagatutia Sefuiva Reupena, Stephen T McGarvey, Ana Baylin
Background: The Samoan population has been undergoing a nutrition transition toward more imported and processed foods and a more sedentary lifestyle.Objectives: We aimed to identify dietary patterns in Samoa and to evaluate their associations with metabolic outcomes.Methods: The sample of this cross-sectional study includes 2774 Samoan adults recruited in 2010 (1104 with metabolic syndrome compared with 1670 without). Principal component analysis on food items from a 104-item food-frequency questionnaire was used to identify dietary patterns...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202499/dietary-phytochemical-intake-from-foods-and-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review-protocol-and-preliminary-scoping
#5
Yasmine C Probst, Vivienne X Guan, Katherine Kent
INTRODUCTION: Dietary phytochemicals are found in plant-based foods such as fruits, vegetables and grains and may be categorised in a nested hierarchical manner with many hundred individual phytochemicals identified to date. To associate phytochemical intakes with positive health outcomes, a fundamental step is to accurately estimate the dietary phytochemical intake from foods reported. The purpose of this systematic review protocol is to describe the process to be undertaken to summarise the evidence for food-based dietary phytochemical intakes and health outcomes for adults...
February 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202096/potential-in-class-strategies-to-increase-children-s-vegetable-consumption
#6
Gemma Sharp, Simone Pettigrew, Shannon Wright, Iain S Pratt, Sally Blane, Nicole Biagioni
OBJECTIVE: The Crunch&Sip programme is a school-based nutrition initiative designed to increase the fruit, vegetable and water intakes of primary-school children. In recognition of the notable deficits in children's vegetable consumption, the present study explored the receptivity of school staff to a realignment of the Crunch&Sip programme to feature a primary focus on vegetable consumption. This involved investigating school staff members' perceptions of relevant barriers, motivators and facilitators...
February 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198702/epigenetic-clock-analysis-of-diet-exercise-education-and-lifestyle-factors
#7
Austin Quach, Morgan E Levine, Toshiko Tanaka, Ake T Lu, Brian H Chen, Luigi Ferrucci, Beate Ritz, Stefania Bandinelli, Marian L Neuhouser, Jeannette M Beasley, Linda Snetselaar, Robert B Wallace, Philip S Tsao, Devin Absher, Themistocles L Assimes, James D Stewart, Yun Li, Lifang Hou, Andrea A Baccarelli, Eric A Whitsel, Steve Horvath
Behavioral and lifestyle factors have been shown to relate to a number of health-related outcomes, yet there is a need for studies that examine their relationship to molecular aging rates. Toward this end, we use recent epigenetic biomarkers of age that have previously been shown to predict all-cause mortality, chronic conditions, and age-related functional decline. We analyze cross-sectional data from 4,173 postmenopausal female participants from the Women's Health Initiative, as well as 402 male and female participants from the Italian cohort study, Invecchiare nel Chianti...
February 14, 2017: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198187/synthesis-of-new-sulfated-and-glucuronated-metabolites-of-dietary-phenolic-compounds-identified-in-human-biological-samples
#8
A Filipa Almeida, Claudia Nunes Santos, M Rita Ventura
(Poly)phenols are a large group of dietary compounds present in fruits and vegetables and for which its consumption is associated with health beneficial effects. After ingestion (poly)phenols suffer extensive metabolisation and the identification of their metabolites is an emerging area, since these metabolites are considered the effective bioactive molecules in human organism. However, a lack of commercially available standards has hampered the study of metabolite bioactivity and the structural exact confirmation in biological samples...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186459/bioactivity-of-carotenoids-chasms-of-knowledge
#9
Torsten Bohn
Carotenoid dietary intake, especially within fruits/vegetables and their plasma levels have been associated in many epidemiological studies with a reduced risk of several chronic diseases, including type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, several types of cancer, and agerelated macular degeneration. However, intervention trials with isolated carotenoids (as supplements) have fallen short of fulfi lling the hopes that were placed in these lipophilic pigments, often producing no positive or even adverse effects, such as increased lung cancer rate or total mortality...
February 10, 2017: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185876/associations-between-food-consumption-patterns-and-saliva-composition-specificities-of-eating-difficulties-children
#10
Martine Morzel, Caroline Truntzer, Eric Neyraud, Hélène Brignot, Patrick Ducoroy, Géraldine Lucchi, Cécile Canlet, Ségolène Gaillard, Florian Nicod, Sophie Nicklaus, Noël Peretti, Gilles Feron
Identifying objective markers of diet would be beneficial to research fields such as nutritional epidemiology. As a preliminary study on the validity of using saliva for this purpose, and in order to explore the relationship between saliva and diet, we focused on clearly contrasted groups of children: children with eating difficulties (ED) receiving at least 50% of their energy intake through artificial nutrition vs healthy controls (C). Saliva of ED and C children was analyzed by various methods (targeted biochemical analyses, 2-D electrophoresis coupled to MS, (1)H NMR) and their diet was characterized using food frequency questionnaires, considering 148 food items grouped into 13 categories...
February 6, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184428/milk-fruit-and-vegetable-and-total-antioxidant-intakes-in-relation-to-mortality-rates-cohort-studies-in-women-and-men
#11
Karl Michaëlsson, Alicja Wolk, Håkan Melhus, Liisa Byberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179491/increases-in-plasma-tryptophan-are-inversely-associated-with-incident-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-prevenci%C3%A3-n-con-dieta-mediterr%C3%A3-nea-predimed-study
#12
Edward Yu, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Marta Guasch-Ferré, Yan Zheng, Estefania Toledo, Clary B Clish, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Liming Liang, Dong D Wang, Dolores Corella, Montse Fitó, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, José Lapetra, Ramón Estruch, Emilio Ros, Montserrat Cofán, Fernando Arós, Dora Romaguera, Lluis Serra-Majem, Jose V Sorlí, Frank B Hu, Miguel A Martinez-Gonzalez
Background: During development of cardiovascular disease (CVD), interferon-γ-mediated inflammation accelerates degradation of tryptophan into downstream metabolites. A Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) consisting of a high intake of extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO), nuts, fruits, vegetables, and cereals has been demonstrated to lower the risk of CVD. The longitudinal relation between tryptophan and its downstream metabolites and CVD in the context of a MedDiet is unstudied.Objective: We sought to investigate the relation between metabolites in the tryptophan-kynurenine pathway and CVD in the context of a MedDiet pattern...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179065/women-s-dietary-changes-before-and-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#13
Sarah E Hillier, Ellinor K Olander
BACKGROUND: dietary intake before and during pregnancy has significant health outcomes for both mother and child, including a healthy gestational weight gain. To ensure effective interventions are successfully developed to improve dietary intake during pregnancy, it is important to understand what dietary changes pregnant women make without intervention. AIMS: to systematically identify and review studies examining women's dietary changes before and during pregnancy and to identify characteristics of the women making these changes...
January 31, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178180/is-the-proportion-of-carbohydrate-intake-associated-with-the-incidence-of-diabetes-complications-an-analysis-of-the-japan-diabetes-complications-study
#14
Chika Horikawa, Yukio Yoshimura, Chiemi Kamada, Shiro Tanaka, Sachiko Tanaka, Satoshi Matsunaga, Osamu Hanyu, Atsushi Araki, Hideki Ito, Akira Tanaka, Yasuo Ohashi, Yasuo Akanuma, Hirohito Sone
The appropriate proportions of macronutritional intake have been controversial in medical nutritional therapy for diabetes, and evidence of the effects of carbohydrate consumption on diabetes complications in prospective settings is sparse. We investigated the relationships between proportions of carbohydrate intake as the % of total energy and diabetes complications in a nationwide cohort of Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes aged 40-70 years with hemoglobin A1c ≥6.5%. The analysis was of 1516 responders to a baseline dietary survey assessed by the Food Frequency Questionnaire based on food groups...
February 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178169/an-artificial-neural-network-prediction-model-of-congenital-heart-disease-based-on-risk-factors-a-hospital-based-case-control-study
#15
Huixia Li, Miyang Luo, Jianfei Zheng, Jiayou Luo, Rong Zeng, Na Feng, Qiyun Du, Junqun Fang
An artificial neural network (ANN) model was developed to predict the risks of congenital heart disease (CHD) in pregnant women.This hospital-based case-control study involved 119 CHD cases and 239 controls all recruited from birth defect surveillance hospitals in Hunan Province between July 2013 and June 2014. All subjects were interviewed face-to-face to fill in a questionnaire that covered 36 CHD-related variables. The 358 subjects were randomly divided into a training set and a testing set at the ratio of 85:15...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166853/using-reduced-rank-regression-methods-to-identify-dietary-patterns-associated-with-obesity-a-cross-country-study-among-european-and-australian-adolescents
#16
Inge Huybrechts, Sandrine Lioret, Theodora Mouratidou, Marc J Gunter, Yannis Manios, Mathilde Kersting, Frederic Gottrand, Anthony Kafatos, Stefaan De Henauw, Magdalena Cuenca-García, Kurt Widhalm, Marcela Gonzales-Gross, Denes Molnar, Luis A Moreno, Sarah A McNaughton
This study aims to examine repeatability of reduced rank regression (RRR) methods in calculating dietary patterns (DP) and cross-sectional associations with overweight (OW)/obesity across European and Australian samples of adolescents. Data from two cross-sectional surveys in Europe (2006/2007 Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study, including 1954 adolescents, 12-17 years) and Australia (2007 National Children's Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, including 1498 adolescents, 12-16 years) were used...
February 7, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166418/dietary-intake-and-associated-body-weight-in-canadian-undergraduate-students-enrolled-in-nutrition-education
#17
Levi C Frehlich, Lindsay K Eller, Jill A Parnell, Tak S Fung, Raylene A Reimer
The primary purpose of this study was to describe dietary intakes among Canadian undergraduate students enrolled in an Introductory Nutrition course. A secondary objective was to determine food group servings associated with meeting more Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) of select nutrients and with a lower body mass index (BMI). Participants (n = 124, 20.7±3.2yrs) provided output from a 3-day dietary record and completed a physical activity/demographics questionnaire. Linear regression showed that the dietary intake associated with meeting the most DRIs included vegetables, fruits, protein foods, and dairy (p = 0...
February 6, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165394/socio-demographic-determinants-of-diet-quality-in-australian-adults-using-the-validated-healthy-eating-index-for-australian-adults-heifa-2013
#18
Amanda Grech, Zhixian Sui, Hong Ying Siu, Miaobing Zheng, Margaret Allman-Farinelli, Anna Rangan
Diet quality indices have been shown to predict cardiovascular disease, cancer, Type 2 Diabetes, obesity and all-cause mortality. This study aimed to determine the socio-demographics of Australian adults with poor diet quality. Diet quality was assessed for participants of the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey aged 18 years or above (n = 9435), with the validated 11-component Healthy Eating Index for Australians (HEIFA-2013), based on the 2013 Australian Dietary Guidelines. Differences in scores by demographics (ANOVA) and regression models for associations between the HEIFA-2013 score and demographic characteristics were conducted...
February 4, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163319/diet-diversity-growth-and-adiposity-in-healthy-breastfed-infants-fed-homemade-complementary-foods
#19
E Mok, C A Vanstone, S Gallo, P Li, E Constantin, H A Weiler
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Infant complementary feeding is important for establishing food preferences. Few studies exist on the effects of infant complementary feeding choices (food preparation methods) on dietary intake, growth or adiposity. We examined whether provision of homemade complementary food is associated with the development of dietary diversity, nutrient intakes and quality of infant growth. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Secondary analysis of feeding practices from a randomized trial of vitamin D supplementation in 132 healthy breastfed 1-month old infants from Montréal, Canada...
February 6, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161629/gene-expression-analysis-of-enzymes-of-the-carotenoid-biosynthesis-pathway-involved-in-%C3%AE-cryptoxanthin-accumulation-in-wild-raspberry-rubus-palmatus
#20
Kouichi Mizuno, Tetsuo Tokiwano, Yuko Yoshizawa
β-cryptoxanthin (β-Cry), a xanthophyll, is unlike other abundant carotenoids, such as α-carotene, β-carotene, lycopene, lutein, and zeaxanthin. It is not found in most fruits or vegetables but is found only in specific fruits, such as hot chili pepper, persimmon, and citrus fruits. Because recent reports suggest that β-Cry intake is beneficial to human health, the xanthophyll requires further investigation. Although β-Cry accumulates in the fruit of wild raspberry, Rubus palmatus, it is not present in cultivated raspberry...
February 2, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
keyword
keyword
51995
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"