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Hypertension intracranial review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440988/-how-safe-is-the-recombinant-human-growth-hormone
#1
Raúl Calzada-León
In this paper, several aspects related to the safety of the use of biosynthetic human growth hormone are reviewed. For example, its classification as a biosynthetic drug, the phases that need to be performed in Mexico to verify its safety (obtaining, purification, preclinical studies, clinical trials, and finally observational clinical studies), as well as the evidence that exists in relation to the association of intracranial hypertension, muscular events, scoliosis, slipped capital femoral epiphysis, obstructive sleep apnea, pancreatitis, alterations in cortisol, thyroid hormones alterations, cardiovascular disease, metabolic risk, mortality and cancer, adverse events not related to its use, and finally dosing and safety...
May 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435117/use-of-intracranial-pressure-monitoring-frequently-refutes-diagnosis-of-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension
#2
David S Xu, Randall J Hlubek, Celene B Mulholland, Kerry L Knievel, Kris A Smith, Peter Nakaji
OBJECTIVE: The diagnosis and management of patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) frequently relies on lumbar puncture to ascertain intracranial pressures. However, pressures derived this way may be spurious due to patient body habitus and behavior. We recently incorporated direct continuous intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring into the work-up for IIH and review our experience and outcomes. METHODS: Through billing records, we identified all patients during a 3-year period who had a diagnosis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension and who underwent ICP monitoring prior to shunt placement or revision...
April 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430600/risk-factors-for-the-recurrence-of-an-intracranial-saccular-aneurysm-following-endovascular-treatment
#3
De-Zhang Huang, Bin Jiang, Wei He, Yi-Hua Wang, Zhi-Gang Wang
BACKGROUND: This study was aimed to determine risk factors for the recurrence of an intracranial saccular aneurysm (ISA) following endovascular treatment. The findings will help medical professionals to identify patients having a high risk of ISA recurrence and assist them in developing appropriate follow-up plans. RESULTS: During the follow-up period, 12.6% of the patients (83/658) experienced recurrent ISAs. An analysis of related factors, including gender, age, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, tumor size, width of the aneurysm neck, the presence or absence of a rupture, the volume embolization ratio (VER), the application or nonapplication of a stent, and follow-up time, revealed that a tumor size > 10 mm in diameter, wide-necked aneurysms, an anterior communicating or middle cerebral artery aneurysm, an aneurysm rupture, a VER < 20%, the absence of stent assistance, and follow-up time were high-risk factors for the recurrence of ISAs...
April 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383199/outcomes-of-endoscopic-optic-nerve-decompression-in-patients-with-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension
#4
Luisam Tarrats, Gabriel Hernández, José M Busquets, Juan C Portela, Luis A Serrano, Lorena González-Sepúlveda, José R Sánchez-Pérez
BACKGROUND: The conventional treatment for idiopathic intracranial hypertension involves weight loss, steroids, diuretics, and/or serial lumbar punctures; however, if the symptoms persist or worsen, surgical intervention is recommended. Surgical options include cerebrospinal fluid diversion procedures, such as ventriculoperitoneal and lumboperitoneal shunts, and optic nerve decompression with nerve sheath fenestration. The latter can be carried out using an endoscopic approach, but the outcomes of this technique have not been firmly established...
April 6, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360352/intracranial-venous-pressures-under-conscious-sedation-and-general-anesthesia
#5
Daniel M S Raper, Thomas J Buell, Ching-Jen Chen, Dale Ding, Robert M Starke, Kenneth C Liu
INTRODUCTION: Venous outflow obstruction has been implicated in the pathophysiology of a subset of patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), and venous sinus stenting (VSS) has emerged as an effective treatment. However, the effect of anesthesia on venous sinus pressure measurements is unpredictable. A more thorough understanding of the effect of the level of anesthesia on intracranial venous pressures might help to better define patients who might benefit most from stent placement...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349763/radiographic-evidence-of-occult-intracranial-hypertension-in-patients-with-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease
#6
Kareem O Tawfik, Shawn M Stevens, David Mihal, Mark S Costello, Rebecca S Cornelius, Ravi N Samy, Myles L Pensak
Objectives (1) Describe the prevalence of radiographic signs of intracranial hypertension (ICH) in Ménière's disease (MD) and (2) compare the prevalence of radiographic signs of ICH in MD patients managed medically to those managed surgically. Study Design Case-control study. Setting Academic neurotologic practice. Subjects and Methods Adult MD patients (aged ≥17 years) treated from 2011 to 2015 were reviewed. Inclusion required magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the head and follow-up >6 months. Patients with intracranial tumors, mass effect, trauma, previous intracranial surgery, and glaucoma were excluded...
March 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349571/idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-contemporary-review-and-implications-for-the-otolaryngologist
#7
Shawn M Stevens, Habib G Rizk, Karl Golnik, Norberto Andaluz, Ravi N Samy, Ted A Meyer, Paul R Lambert
OBJECTIVES: 1) Review controversies pertaining to the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension. 2) Discuss the evolving role of otolaryngologists in managing this disease and related disorders. DATA SOURCES: Primary literature review, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website, International Classification of Headache Disorders, Second Edition. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the primary literature was performed from 1990 to 2016 utilizing keywords idiopathic intracranial hypertension, pseudotumor cerebri, benign intracranial hypertension, spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leak, and encephalocele...
March 27, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339414/update-on-the-application-of-optic-nerve-sheath-fenestration
#8
Hui Chen, Qian Zhang, Song Tan, Huazhu Fu, Bradley K Farris, Zhenglin Yang
BACKGROUND: With the ongoing development of surgical procedures and instruments, the safety of optic nerve sheath fenestration (ONSF) has been improved. OBJECTIVE: Through the past three decades, progress has been made in preventing visual loss from chronic optic nerve swelling in idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), secondary intracranial hypertension and local optic nerve diseases. We now review the updated application of ONSF in those diseases. METHODS: The application of ONSF in papilledema due to IIH, secondary intracranial hypertension to cerebral venous sinus occlusion, Cryptococcal meningitis, and intracranial mass or tumors is reviewed...
March 23, 2017: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338434/coexistence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-worsens-the-overall-outcome-of-intracranial-aneurysm-a-pioneer-study
#9
Shyamal C Bir, Anil Nanda, Hugo Cuellar, Hai Sun, Bharat Guthikonda, Cesar Liendo, Alireza Minagar, Oleg Y Chernyshev
OBJECTIVE Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with the progression of abdominal and thoracic aortic aneurysms. However, the role of OSA in the overall outcome of intracranial aneurysms (IAs) has not yet been established. Authors of this report investigated the role of OSA in the overall outcome of IAs. METHODS Radiological and clinical data on patients (from 2010 through 2015) with confirmed IA were retrospectively reviewed. Significant differences between the OSA and non-OSA groups were determined using a chi-square test...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321380/an-evaluation-of-styloidectomy-as-an-adjunct-or-alternative-to-jugular-stenting-in-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-and-disturbances-of-cranial-venous-outflow
#10
J Nicholas Higgins, Mathew R Garnett, John D Pickard, Patrick R Axon
Background The extent to which intracranial venous sinus obstruction contributes to idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is debated. The extent to which extracranial venous obstruction contributes to IIH is virtually unexplored. This article describes an interventional approach to extracranial venous outflow in a group of patients with severe intractable symptoms. Objective To describe our technique and experience of styloidectomy combined with jugular stenting in the treatment of skull base narrowing of the jugular veins...
April 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318729/acute-cerebellitis-in-paediatric-patients-our-experience
#11
J P García-Iñiguez, F J López-Pisón, P Madurga Revilla, I Montejo Gañán, M Domínguez Cajal, L Monge Galindo, S B Sánchez Marco, M C García Jiménez
INTRODUCTION: Acute cerebellitis is a rare inflammatory disease with a highly variable clinical course that ranges from benign self-limiting symptoms to a fulminant presentation associated with a high risk of death due to compression of the posterior fossa, acute hydrocephalus, and intracranial hypertension. METHODS: We reviewed clinical, laboratory, and radiological findings from children diagnosed with acute cerebellitis between May 2007 and November 2016. We analysed treatments and clinical and radiological progression...
March 15, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297825/-the-clinical-application-of-retractorless-surgery-in-patients-with-hypertensive-basal-ganglia-hemorrhage
#12
Z H Zhao, X M Zhong, Y Q Wang, J G Yang, Y Cai, Z H Fei, L Zhang
Objective: To discuss the clinical feasibility and practical application of retractorless surgical for patients with hypertensive basal ganglia hemorrhage. Methods: A total of 84 patients underwentretractorless surgery in The First People's Hospital of Huzhou from Jun 2014 to Jun 2016 were retrospectively reviewed.There were 53 male and 31 female of the 84 patients. Their mean age were 58.7 years with range: 29-74 years.Glasgow coma scale score(GCS) at admissionwereas follow: GCS 4-5 points 10 cases(including 3 cases companied dilated pupils), GCS 6-8 points 25 cases, GCS 9-12 points 32 cases, and GCS 13-14 points 17 cases...
March 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283868/intracranial-aneurysms-in-patients-with-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-prevalence-risk-of-rupture-and-management-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Federico Cagnazzo, Carlo Gambacciani, Riccardo Morganti, Paolo Perrini
BACKGROUND: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a genetic disorder associated with high incidences of intracranial aneurysms. We performed a systematic review with the purpose of clarifying the prevalence, risk of rupture, and appropriate management of intracranial aneurysms in the ADPKD population. METHOD: PRISMA guidelines were followed. We conducted a comprehensive literature search of three databases (PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, and Ovid EMBASE) on all series reporting ADPKD patients with intracranial aneurysms...
May 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283819/neurological-complications-of-beh%C3%A3-et-s-syndrome
#14
D P Kidd
In this review of the neurological complications of Behçet's syndrome, the clinical features and epidemiology of the systemic disease are summarised before a discussion of the neurological syndromes which may develop is made. Neurological involvement occurs in 9% of cases, and is equally prevalent in each geographical area. Vascular complications occur in 14%, in whom thrombosis of the venous sinuses or cerebral veins occurs, and intracranial hypertension, venous infarction and parenchymal haemorrhage may develop...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248870/association-factor-analysis-between-osteoporosis-with-cerebral-artery-disease-the-strobe-study
#15
Eun-Sun Jin, Je Hoon Jeong, Bora Lee, Soo Bin Im
The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical association factors between osteoporosis and cerebral artery disease in Korean population. Two hundred nineteen postmenopausal women and men undergoing cerebral computed tomography angiography were enrolled in this study to evaluate the cerebral artery disease by cross-sectional study. Cerebral artery disease was diagnosed if there was narrowing of 50% higher diameter in one or more cerebral vessel artery or presence of vascular calcification. History of osteoporotic fracture was assessed using medical record, and radiographic data such as simple radiography, MRI, and bone scan...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244170/population-based-incidence-and-clinical-characteristics-of-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension
#16
A Sundholm, S Burkill, O Sveinsson, F Piehl, S Bahmanyar, A I M Nilsson Remahl
OBJECTIVE: To validate the diagnosis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) from the Swedish National Patient Register (NPR) and investigate the incidence of IIH, as well as co-morbidities and medication use in a large Swedish population-based sample. METHODS: We searched the NPR to find all patients ≥18 years old with the ICD-10 diagnosis code (G93.2) for IIH in Stockholm County from Jan 1, 2006, to Dec 31, 2013. All medical records were reviewed to validate the diagnosis and to collect additional information...
February 28, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237144/retrospective-analysis-of-translaminar-demographic-and-physiologic-parameters-in-relation-to-papilledema-severity
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
David Fleischman, Jennifer T Perry, R Rand Allingham, Sandra S Stinnett, Gita M Fleischman, Syndee J Givre, David A Chesnutt
OBJECTIVE: Some case reports suggest that the translaminar pressure difference is important in cases of papilledema. The purpose of this study was to determine ocular, physiologic, and demographic factors associated with papilledema severity. DESIGN: Retrospective, blinded study. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who had undergone a diagnostic lumbar puncture and had a diagnosis of papilledema in conjunction with idiopathic intracranial hypertension between 2004 and 2012 were included in the study...
February 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213195/blunt-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-a-role-for-ct-angiography-of-the-head-to-evaluate-non-traumatic-etiologies
#18
REVIEW
Ha Nguyen, Ninh Doan, Michael Gelsomino, Saman Shabani
BACKGROUND: In the setting of trauma, the etiology of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is frequently attributed to the physical, traumatic event. Caution should still be directed towards non-traumatic (or spontaneous) etiologies responsible for the trauma, such as hypertension, cerebral amyloid angiopathy, aneurysms, vascular malformation, and hemorrhagic infarcts. The role for immediate CT angiography (CTA) remains controversial to evaluate for non-traumatic etiologies. METHODS: A systematic review of the available literature in Medline PubMed database...
February 14, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195748/imaging-features-of-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-in-children
#19
Alexander J P W Hartmann, Bruno P Soares, Beau B Bruce, Amit M Saindane, Nancy J Newman, Valérie Biousse, Jason H Peragallo
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signs of elevated intracranial pressure and idiopathic intracranial hypertension have been well characterized in adults but not in children. The MRIs of 50 children with idiopathic intracranial hypertension and 46 adults with idiopathic intracranial hypertension were reviewed for optic nerve head protrusion, optic nerve head enhancement, posterior scleral flattening, increased perioptic cerebrospinal fluid, optic nerve tortuosity, empty or partially empty sella, tonsillar herniation, enlargement of Meckel's cave meningoceles, and transverse venous sinus stenosis(TSS)...
January 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187976/re-evaluating-the-incidence-of-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-in-an-era-of-increasing-obesity
#20
Khin P Kilgore, Michael S Lee, Jacqueline A Leavitt, Bahram Mokri, David O Hodge, Ryan D Frank, John J Chen
PURPOSE: To re-evaluate the population-based incidence of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) and to determine if it mirrors the rise in obesity. DESIGN: Retrospective, population-based cohort. PARTICIPANTS: All residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota, diagnosed with IIH between January 1, 1990, and December 31, 2014. METHODS: All cases of IIH were identified using the Rochester Epidemiology Project, which is a record-linkage system of medical records for all patient-physician encounters among Olmsted County, Minnesota, residents...
May 2017: Ophthalmology
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